United Kingdom general election, 1835: Wikis

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1832 · members United Kingdom members · 1837
United Kingdom general election, 1835
All 658 seats to the House of Commons
6 January–6 February 1835
First party Second party
2nd V Melbourne.jpg Robert Peel.jpg
Leader The Viscount Melbourne Robert Peel
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 16 July 1834 19 December 1834
Leader's seat Baron Melbourne Tamworth
Last election 441 seats, 67.0% 175 seats, 29.2%
Seats won 385 273
Seat change -56 +98
Popular vote 349,868 261,269
Percentage 55.2% 40.8%

Incumbent PM
Robert Peel
Conservative

Subsequent PM
Robert Peel
Conservative

The 1835 United Kingdom general election was called when Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834. Polling took place between 6 January and 6 February 1835, and the results saw Robert Peel's Conservatives make large gains from their low of the 1832 election, but the Whigs maintained a large majority.

The Whigs had entered into an electoral pact with the Irish Repeal Association of Daniel O'Connell, which had contested the previous election as a separate party.

Results

UK General Election 1835
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Whig 538 385 - 56 55.2 349,868 - 9.8
  Conservative 407 273 + 98 40.8 261,269 + 13.6

Total votes cast: 611,137

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats
Whig 538 154 385
Conservative 407 121 273
Total 945 275 658

Dates of Election

The eleventh United Kingdom Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834. The new Parliament was summoned to meet on 19 February 1835, for a maximum seven year term from that date. The maximum term could be and normally was curtailed, by the monarch dissolving the Parliament, before its term expired.

At this period there was not one election day. After receiving a writ (a royal command) for the election to be held, the local returning officer fixed the election timetable for the particular constituency or constituencies he was concerned with. Polling in seats with contested elections could continue for many days.

The general election took place between January and February 1835. The first nomination was on 5 January, with the first contest on 6 January and the last contest on 6 February 1835. It was usual for polling in the University constituencies and in Orkney and Shetland to take place about a week after other seats. Disregarding contests in the Universities and Orkney and Shetland, the last poll was on 27 January 1835.

References

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978).
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
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