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1900 · members United Kingdom  members · 1910
United Kingdom general election, 1906
All 670 seats to the House of Commons
12 January–8 February 1906
First party Second party
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg Gws balfour 01.jpg
Leader Henry Campbell-Bannerman Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Leader since December 1898 11 June 1902
Leader's seat Stirling Burghs Manchester East
(defeated)
Last election 183 seats, 44.7% 402 seats, 50.3%
Seats won 397 156
Seat change +216 -246
Popular vote 2,751,057 2,422,071
Percentage 59.4% 42.9%
Third party Fourth party
Jameskeirhardie.jpg John Redmond.jpg
Leader Keir Hardie John Redmond
Party Labour Irish Parliamentary
Leader since 28 February 1900 6 February 1900
Leader's seat Merthyr Tydfil Waterford City
Last election 2 seats, 1.8% 77 seats, 1.6%
Seats won 29 82
Seat change +27 +5
Popular vote 321,663 35,031
Percentage 5.7% 1.5%

The United Kingdom general election of 1906 was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.

The Liberals, led by sitting minority Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, won a large majority in the election. The Conservatives under Arthur Balfour lost more than half their seats, while the Labour Representation Committee was far more successful than in 1900 and after the election would be reformed as "The Labour Party" with 29 MPs and Keir Hardie as leader. The Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond, achieved its seats with a relatively low number of votes, as 73 candidates stood unopposed.

This election was a landslide defeat for the Conservative Party and their Liberal Unionist allies, with the primary reason given by historians as the party's weakness after its split over the issue of free trade (Joseph Chamberlain had resigned from government in September 1903 in order to campaign for Tariff Reform, which would allow 'preferential tariffs'). Many working class people saw this as a threat to the price of food, hence the debate was nicknamed 'Big Loaf, Little Loaf'. The Liberals' landslide victory of 125 seats over all other parties led to the passing of social legislation known as the Liberal reforms.

1895 election MPs
1900 election MPs
1906 election MPs
January 1910 election MPs
December 1910 election MPs

Contents

Results

United Kingdom General Election, 1906
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Liberal 528 397 + 214 59.3 48.9 2,565,644 +3.9
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 557 156 − 246 23.3 43.4 2,278,076 -6.8
  Labour 50 29 28 1 + 27 4.3 4.8 254,202 +3.6
  Irish Parliamentary 84 82 6 1 + 5 12.2 0.6 33,231 -1.2
  Independent Conservative 9 2 2 0 + 2 0.3 0.5 26,183
  Independent Labour 7 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.4 18,886
  Social Democratic Federation 8 0 0 0 0 0.4 18,446
  Independent Conservative 9 1 0.2 0.3 15,972
  Scottish Workers 5 0 0 0 0 0.3 14,877 +0.2
  Free Trader 5 0 0 0 0 0.2 8,974
  Independent Lib-Lab 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.1 4,841
  Independent 3 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,806
  Ind. Nationalist 3 1 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 1,800
  Independent Liberal 3 0 0 1 − 1 0.0 1,581
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 153
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Voting summary

Popular vote
Liberal
  
48.9%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
43.42%
Labour
  
4.85%
Irish Parliamentary
  
0.63%
Independent
  
1.4%
Others
  
0.81%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
  
59.25%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
23.28%
Labour
  
4.18%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%
Independent
  
0.9%

See also

External links

1906 Conservative manifesto
1906 Labour manifesto
1906 Liberal manifesto

References


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