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United Kingdom general election, 1922: Wikis

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1918 · members United Kingdom members · 1923
United Kingdom general election, 1922
All 616 seats to the House of Commons
15 November 1922
First party Second party
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg Jrclynes.jpg
Leader Andrew Bonar Law John Robert Clynes
Party Conservative Labour
Leader since 23 October 1922 14 February 1921
Leader's seat Glasgow Central Manchester Platting
Last election 332 seats, 33.3% 57 seats, 21.5%
Seats won 344 142
Seat change +12 +85
Popular vote 5,294,465 4,076,665
Percentage 38.5% 29.7%
Third party Fourth party
Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg David Lloyd George.jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith David Lloyd George
Party Liberal National Liberal
Leader since 30 April 1908 7 December 1916
Leader's seat Paisley Caernarvon Boroughs
Last election 36 seats, 13.3% 127 seats, 18.0%
Seats won 62 53
Seat change +26 -74
Popular vote 2,601,486 1,355,366
Percentage 10.1% 8.6%

The UK general election of 1922 was held on 15 November 1922. It was the first election held after most of the Irish counties left the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State, and was won by Andrew Bonar Law's Conservatives, who gained an overall majority over Labour, led by John Robert Clynes and a divided Liberal Party.

The Liberal Party were split between the "National Liberals" following David Lloyd George and the "Liberals" following Herbert Henry Asquith. However, some candidates stood calling for a reunited Liberal party whilst others appear to have backed both Asquith and Lloyd George. Few sources are able to agree on exact numbers, and even in contemporary records held by the two groups some MPs were claimed for both sides.

In any case, it was the first election where Labour surpassed the combined strength of both Liberal parties, in votes as well as seats.

December 1910 election MPs
1918 election MPs
1922 election MPs
1923 election MPs
1924 election MPs

Contents

Results

UK General Election 1922
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative 482 344 + 12 55.9 38.5 5,294,465 +6.0
  Labour 414 142 + 85 23.1 29.7 4,076,665 +8.9
  Liberal 334 62 + 26 10.1 18.9 2,601,486 +5.9
  National Liberal 151 53 - 74 8.6 9.9 1,355,366 -2.7
  Independent Conservative 20 3 3 1 + 2 0.5 0.9 116,861 +0.5
  Independent 15 3 3 2 + 1 0.5 0.8 114,697 -0.2
  Nationalist (NI) 4 3 2 6 - 4 0.5 0.4 57,641 -1.8
  Communist 5 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.2 30,684 N/A
  Agriculturalist 4 0 0 0 0 0.2 21,510 0.0
  Independent Labour 4 1 0 1 - 1 0.17 0.1 18,419 -1.0
  Constitutionalist 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.1 16,662 N/A
  Scottish Prohibition 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.1 16,289 +0.1
  Independent Liberal 3 1 1 1 0 0.17 0.1 13,197 -0.1
  Independent Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 9,861 N/A
  Independent Communist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,027 N/A
  Anti-Parliamentary Communist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 470 N/A

Total votes cast: 13,748,300. All parties shown. Conservatives include Ulster Unionists. National Liberals were party formed by Lloyd George's Coalition Liberals after leaving the government. Their net seat change is compared with the Coalition Liberals' number of seats after the 1918 election.

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Votes summary

Popular vote
Conservative
  
38.51%
Labour
  
29.65%
Liberal
  
18.92%
National Liberal
  
09.86%
Independent
  
02.01%
Nationalist
  
00.42%
Others
  
00.41%
Communist
  
00.22%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative
  
55.93%
Labour
  
23.09%
Liberal
  
10.08%
National Liberal
  
08.62%
Independent
  
01.3%
Nationalist
  
00.49%
Communist
  
00.16%
Others
  
00.33%

References

See also

External links


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