United Kingdom general election, 2001: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1997 · members United Kingdom members · 2005
United Kingdom general election, 2001
All 659 seats to the House of Commons
7 June 2001
First party Second party Third party
TonyBlairBasra.JPG William Hague.jpg Charles Kennedy.jpg
Leader Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy
Party Labour Conservative Liberal Democrat
Leader since 21 July 1994 19 June 1997 9 August 1999
Leader's seat Sedgefield Richmond Ross, Skye and Inverness West
Last election 418 seats, 43.2% 165 seats, 30.7% 46 seats, 16.8%
Seats won 413 166 52
Seat change -5 +1 +6
Popular vote 10,724,953 8,357,615 4,814,321
Percentage 40.7% 31.7% 18.3%
Swing -2.5% +1% +1.5%

Previous PM
Tony Blair
Labour

Subsequent PM
Tony Blair
Labour

1992 election MPs
1997 election MPs
2001 election MPs
2005 election MPs
Ring charts of the election results showing popular vote against seats won, coloured in party colours
Seats won in the election (outer ring) against number of votes (inner ring).

The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed "the quiet landslide" by the media. There was little change at all - outside Northern Ireland - with 620 out of 641 seats remaining unchanged. Labour enjoyed its second so-called 'landslide victory' in a row, maintaining its position from the previous election. Tony Blair became the first Labour prime minister to win enough seats to have a full second consecutive term in office. Labour won a majority of 167 overall (previously 179) and 247 over the Conservatives (previously 254).

The Conservatives netted a gain of only one seat after their crushing defeat of 1997 (gaining a few seats from Labour, but losing several to the Liberal Democrats). Conservative leader William Hague resigned immediately, becoming the first Conservative leader since Austen Chamberlain to leave office without becoming Prime Minister. The Liberal Democrats, under Charles Kennedy, made a gain of six more seats from their already historic high of the 1997 election.

The elections were also marked by voter apathy, with turnout falling to 59%, the lowest since the Coupon Election of 1918. Throughout the election the Labour Party had maintained a significant lead in the opinion polls and the result was deemed to be so certain that some bookmakers paid out for a Labour majority before the election day.

In total, a mere 29 parliamentary seats changed hands at the 2001 election.[1]

The election had been expected in May, to coincide with local elections, but both were postponed because of rural movement restrictions imposed in response to a foot and mouth outbreak. One of the more noted events of a quiet campaign was when a countryside protester Craig Evans threw an egg at Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott in Rhyl; Prescott then punched him and a struggle ensued, in front of television cameras. 2001 also saw the rare election of an independent. Dr. Richard Taylor of Independent Kidderminster Hospital and Health Concern (usually now known simply as "Health Concern") unseated a government minister. There was also a high vote for British National Party leader Nick Griffin in Oldham, in the wake of recent race riots in the town.

In Northern Ireland, the election was far more dramatic and marked a move by unionists away from support for the Good Friday Agreement, with the moderate unionist Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) losing to the more hardline Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). This polarisation was also seen in the nationalist community, with the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) vote losing out to the hardline republican Sinn Féin. It also saw a tightening of the parties as the small UK Unionist Party lost its only seat.

During the election, Sharron Storer, a resident of Birmingham, criticised Prime Minister Tony Blair in front of television cameras about conditions in the National Health Service. The widely-televised incident happened on 16 May during a campaign visit by Blair to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham. Sharron Storer's partner, Keith Sedgewick, a cancer patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and therefore highly susceptible to infection, was being treated at the time in the bone marrow unit, but no bed could be found for him and he was transferred to the casualty unit for his first 24 hours.[2][3][4]

Contents

Results

UK General Election 2001
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Labour 640 413 2 8 −6 62.5 40.7 10,724,953 −2.5%
  Conservative 643 166 9 8 +1 25.2 31.7 8,357,615 +1.0%
  Liberal Democrat 639 52 8 2 +6 7.9 18.3 4,814,321 +1.5%
  SNP 72 5 0 1 −1 0.8 1.8 464,314 −0.2%
  UKIP 428 0 0 0 0 0.0 1.5 390,563 1.2%
  Ulster Unionist 17 6 1 5 −4 0.9 0.8 216,839 0.0%
  Plaid Cymru 40 4 1 1 0 0.6 0.7 195,893 +0.2%
  Democratic Unionist 14 5 3 0 +3 0.8 0.7 181,999 +0.4%
  Sinn Féin 18 4 2 0 +2 0.6 0.7 175,933 +0.3%
  SDLP 18 3 0 0 0 0.5 0.6 169,865 0.0%
  Green 145 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.6 166,477 +0.3%
  Independent 136 0 0 1 −1 0.0 0.4 97,070 +0.3%
  Scottish Socialist 72 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.3 72,516 N/A
  Socialist Alliance 98 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.2 57,553 N/A
  Socialist Labour 114 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.2 57,288 0.0%
  BNP 33 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.2 47,129 +0.1%
  Alliance 10 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.1 28,999 −0.1%
  Health Concern 1 1 1 0 +1 0.2 0.1 28,487 N/A
  Liberal 14 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.1 13,685 0.0%
  UK Unionist 1 0 0 1 −1 0.0 0.1 13,509 +0.1%
  ProLife Alliance 37 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 9,453 −0.1%
  Legalise Cannabis 13 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 8,677 N/A
  People's Justice 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 7,443 N/A
  Monster Raving Loony 15 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 6,655 0.0%
  Progressive Unionist 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 4,781 0.0%
  Mebyon Kernow 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 3,199 0.0%
  NI Women's Coalition 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 2,968 0.0%
  Scottish Unionist 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 2,728 N/A
  Rock 'n' Roll Loony 7 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 2,634 N/A
  National Front 5 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 2,484 0.0%
  Workers' Party 6 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 2,352 0.0%
  Neath Port Talbot Ratepayers 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,960 N/A
  NI Unionist 6 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,794 N/A
  Socialist Alternative 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,454 0.0%
  Reform 2000 5 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,418 N/A
  Isle of Wight 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,164 N/A
  Muslim 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,150 N/A
  Communist 6 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1,003 0.0%
  New Britain 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 888 0.0%
  Free Party 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 832 N/A
  Left Alliance 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 770 N/A
  New Millennium Bean Party 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 727 N/A
  Workers' Revolutionary 6 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 607 0.0%
  Tatton 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 505 N/A

Total votes cast: 26,368,204. All parties with more than 500 votes shown.

The seat gains reflect changes on the 1997 general election result. Two seats had changed hands in by-elections in the intervening period. These were as follows:

The results of the election give a Gallagher index of dis-proportionality of 17.74.

Advertisements

Votes summary

Popular vote
Labour
  
40.67%
Conservative
  
31.7%
Liberal Democrat
  
18.26%
Scottish National
  
1.76%
UK Independence
  
1.48%
Others
  
6.13%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Labour
  
62.67%
Conservative
  
25.19%
Liberal Democrat
  
7.89%
Ulster Unionist
  
0.91%
Scottish National
  
0.76%
Democratic Unionist
  
0.76%
Others
  
1.82%

See also

Manifestos

References

Bibliography

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message