United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Wikis

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1974 · members United Kingdom members · 1979
United Kingdom general election, October 1974
All 635 seats to the House of Commons
10 October 1974
First party Second party Third party
Dodwilson.JPG Heathdod.JPG
Leader Harold Wilson Edward Heath Jeremy Thorpe
Party Labour Conservative Liberal
Leader since 14 February 1963 28 July 1965 18 January 1967
Leader's seat Huyton Bexley North Devon
Last election 301 seats, 37.2% 297 seats, 37.9% 14 seats, 19.3%
Seats won 319 277 13
Seat change +18 -20 -1
Popular vote 11,457,079 10,462,565 5,346,704
Percentage 39.2% 35.8% 18.3%
Swing  %  %  %

Incumbent PM
Harold Wilson
Labour

Subsequent PM
Harold Wilson
Labour

1970 election MPs
February 1974 election MPs
October 1974 election MPs
1979 election MPs
1983 election MPs

The United Kingdom general election of October 1974 took place on 10 October 1974. It was the second of two United Kingdom general elections held that year. Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, having taken power in a hung parliament after the February election, returned to the polls and won a tiny majority of three. In both elections the Conservative Party's hopes of forming a government had been weakened by the decision of Ulster Unionist Party MPs to withdraw from their long-standing acceptance of the Conservative whip in parliament, due to their opposition to the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement.

It was at this election that the Scottish National Party secured their best ever representation inside the House of Commons: 11 elected MPs as well as their largest total number of votes in a UK general election.

Contents

Results

UK general election October 1974
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Labour 623 319 20 2 + 18 50.236 39.2 11,457,079 + 2.0
  Conservative 622 277 2 22 - 20 43.622 35.8 10,462,565 - 2.1
  Liberal 619 13 1 2 - 1 2.047 18.3 5,346,704 - 1.0
  SNP 71 11 4 0 + 4 1.732 2.9 839,617 + 0.9
  Ulster Unionist 7 6 0 1 - 1 0.944 0.9 256,065 + 0.1
  Plaid Cymru 36 3 1 0 + 1 0.472 0.6 166,321 + 0.1
  Social Democratic and Labour 9 1 0 0 0 0.6 154,193 + 0.1
  National Front 90 0 0 0 0 0.4 113,843 + 0.2
  Vanguard 3 3 0 0 0 0.3 92,262 + 0.1
  Democratic Unionist 2 1 0 0 0 0.3 59,451 + 0.1
  Alliance 5 0 0 0 0 0.2 44,644 + 0.1
  Independent Labour 7 0 0 1 0 0.2 33,317 + 0.1
  Independent Republican 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 32,795 + 0.2
  Republican Clubs 5 0 0 0 0 0.1 21,633 + 0.1
  Unionist Party NI 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 20,454 N/A
  Communist 29 0 0 0 0 0.1 17,426 0.0
  Democratic Labour 1 0 0 1 - 1 0.1 13,714 + 0.1
  Labour (NI) 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 11,539 0.0
  Independent 32 0 0 0 0 0.0 8,812 - 0.1
  Independent Ulster Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,982 N/A
  United Democratic 13 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,810 N/A
  Independent Conservative 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,559 0.0
  More Prosperous Britain 25 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,301 0.0
  Workers' Revolutionary 10 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,404 0.0
  Independent Liberal 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,277 - 0.2
  Volunteer Political 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,690 N/A
  Irish Civil Rights 7 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,381 N/A
  People Movement 5 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,996 0.0
  Marxist-Leninist (England) 8 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,320 0.0
  English National 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,115 N/A
  United English National 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 793 N/A
  Marxist-Leninist (Ireland) 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 540 N/A
  Mebyon Kernow 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 384 N/A
  Socialist (GB) 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 118 N/A

Total number of votes: 29,189,104. All parties shown.

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Votes summary

Popular vote
Labour
  
39.25%
Conservative
  
35.8%
Liberal
  
18.32%
Scottish National
  
2.88%
Ulster Unionist
  
0.88%
Plaid Cymru
  
0.57%
Social Democratic and Labour
  
0.53%
National Front
  
0.39%
Independent
  
0.3%
Others
  
1.08%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Labour
  
50.24%
Conservative
  
43.62%
Liberal
  
2.05%
Scottish National
  
1.73%
Ulster Unionist
  
0.94%
Plaid Cymru
  
0.47%
Vanguard
  
0.47%
Others
  
0.47%

See also

References

Manifestos


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