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United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
Sovereign state

 

1801–1922¹
 

Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Anthem
God Save the King (Queen)
Capital London
Language(s) English (de facto official). .Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Welsh and Cornish widely spoken in parts.^ Four major cultural and ethnic components constitute the United Kingdom, the Irish, Scottish, Welsh, and the English themselves.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Celtic influence can still be found in the language and culture of the Welsh and Gaelic (Irish) enclaves.
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^ Ethnic Distribution : English: 81.5%; Scottish: 9.6%; Irish: 2.4%; Welsh: 1.9%; Ulster: 1.8%; West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other: 2.8% .
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Government Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1801–1820 George III
 - 1820–1830 George IV
 - 1830–1837 William IV
 - 1837–1901 Victoria
 - 1901–1910 Edward VII
 - 1910–1927 (cont. as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) George V
Prime Minister
 - 1801, 1804–1806 William Pitt the Younger
 - 1924–1927 (In name-cont.) Stanley Baldwin
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - Act of Union 1800 1 January 1801
 - Disestablished 6 December 1922
 - UK name changed 12 April 1927
Area
 - 1801 315,093 km2 (121,658 sq mi)
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 51.9 /km2  (134.4 /sq mi)
 - 1921 est. 42,769,196 
     Density 135.7 /km2  (351.6 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling
.1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]


² The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, Great Britain and Ireland, Great Britain and sometimes, as a synecdoche, as England)[1] was the formal name and the state form of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself having been a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland, with Ireland being governed directly from Westminster through its Dublin Castle administration.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Following Irish independence on 6 December 1922, when the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty came into effect, the name continued in official use until it was changed to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act of 1927.^ Ireland became an independent republic in 1921, but the Irish question has persisted.
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^ The Racial and Religious Hatred Act came into effect in 2006.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

Contents

Terms of the Union

George III, the first king of the new United Kingdom.
.Under the terms of the Act of Union, the separate Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland were abolished and replaced by a united Parliament of the United Kingdom.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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[2] .The new House of Commons consisted of all Members of Great Britain's 18th Parliament and 100 Irish MPs co-opted in a special election in 1801.^ All members of the House of Commons are then subject to the general election.
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^ Years after the Great Potato Famine began that Britain loosened its land-ownership requirements for Irish voters: 5 .
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^ During the first half of the 18th century, the population of Great Britain increased by less than 15 percent.
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[2] .The new House of Lords consisted of all members of Great Britain's House of Lords, as well as four Lords Spiritual and twenty-eight Lords Temporal from the Irish House of Lords.^ Years after the Great Potato Famine began that Britain loosened its land-ownership requirements for Irish voters: 5 .
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^ Peerages (such as "Duke of Edinburgh") cannot be renounced.  The second Viscount Stansgate tried to do that but it didn't work.  As a consequence, there is now a procedure called "disclaiming" a peerage.  The Peerage Act 1963 allowed hereditary peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain or the United Kingdom  to be disclaimed for life.  (It also allowed hereditary peeresses to be members of the House of Lords, and for all Scottish peers to sit in the House of Lords.
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^ Great Britain was one of the three members of the EUROPEAN UNION (q.v.; EU) that elected not to adopt the EURO, (q.v.
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[2] .The new Parliament met in the Palace of Westminster, formerly the home of the Parliament of Great Britain and, until 1707, the Parliament of England.^ Great Britain from then on had a single Parliament and a single system of national administration, taxation, and weights and measures.
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^ New statutory arrangements, in the form of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, were introduced in Great Britain on 1 April 1996.
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^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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.Part of the trade-off for Irish Roman Catholics, who since 1652 were barred from voting or attending Parliament altogether under the Cromwellian Act of Settlement, was to be the granting of Catholic Emancipation, which had been fiercely resisted by the all-Anglican Irish Parliament.^ By the Local Government Act of 1888 the citizens of London were deprived of all right of jurisdiction over the county of Middlesex, which had been expressly granted by various charters.

^ In the case of King Edward VIII, he succeeded because he was the heir of Electress Sophia of Hanover, and Parliament made her the heir in the 1701 Act of Settlement .
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^ Corporations all around the world, including those in Britain, are trading for these minerals and are making a huge profit off the warring factions.
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.However, this was blocked by King George III who argued that emancipating Roman Catholics would breach his Coronation Oath to act as protector of Protestantism.^ Prince Michael's children, however, could succeed as long as they are not Roman Catholics themselves.
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^ And now "good" posts : "Who succeeded King George II?" "Why does Queen Elizabeth II celebrate her birthday in April and in June?"
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^ The criteria required of a candidate are that he or she be born in wedlock, of a marriage contracted in accordance with the Royal Marriages Act of 1772, and that he or she not be a Roman Catholic or have married one (according to the Act of Settlement of 1701).
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The United Kingdom

.
Sackville Street in Dublin in the United Kingdom, c.
^ Dolphin House Map Chichester Street London, United Kingdom SW1V 3LX $191.47 The perfect home away from home.
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^ Londinium Towers Map 97 Mansell Street London, United Kingdom E1 8AP $157.32 Londinium Tower is located to the east of London city- close to Tower Bridge and the Tower of London.
  • London lodging | Lodging in London United Kingdom | LodgingHunt.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC lodginghunt.com [Source type: General]

^ British Speedway Promoters Association ACU House Wood Street RUGBY CV21 2YX United Kingdom .
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1908
.The merger was initially seen favourably in Ireland, given that the old Irish parliament was seen as hostile to the majority Catholic population, some of whose members had only been given the vote as late as 1794 and who were legally debarred from election to the body.^ Some were conceded but only after Catholics had been battened off the streets and the British Army had intervened.
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^ Tony Blair's parliament invoked emergency powers and enacted a law making it legal for sixteen-year-old boys to engage in homosexual acts with middle-aged members of parliament; the House of Lords had thrice rejected the legislation.
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^ Any detainee who says that he or she is suffering as a result of torture will be seen initially by a doctor from the service's medical panel.
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.The Roman Catholic hierarchy endorsed the Union.^ Freedom of religion was not endorsed or denied in the Bill of Rights, but Roman Catholics were excluded from the right to bear arms for their self-defence.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, King George III's decision to block Catholic Emancipation fatally undermined the appeal of the Union.^ George's children, however, could succeed as long as they are not Roman Catholics themselves.
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^ The Early Years of King George III. .
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.Leaders like Henry Grattan, who sat in the new parliament, having been leading members of the old one, were bitterly critical.^ A new book by a prominent British psychologist argued that having enemies improves one's quality of life.
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^ One hundred seventy-five members of the British parliament , including five former law lords, also filed a brief attacking the administration's detainment policy.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ After the death of Henry III. (1272) the country had to wait for their new king, who was then in the Holy Land.

.The eventual achievement of Catholic Emancipation in 1829, following a campaign by Daniel O'Connell, MP for County Clare, who had won election to Westminster and who could not for religious beliefs take the Oath of Supremacy, removed the main negative that had undermined the appeal of the old parliament, the exclusion of Catholics.^ The 7 March 2007 elections were followed by a power-sharing agreement between the two main parties, the Protestant Democratic Union Party (DUP) and the Roman Catholic Sinn Fein.
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^ The Westminster Column, outside the entrance to Dean's Yard, was erected to the memory of the old pupils of Westminster School who died in the Russian and Indian wars of 1854-1859.

^ An appellant who succeeded on this ground would not be granted asylum but could not be removed from the United Kingdom to the country concerned and would be eligible for exceptional leave to remain.
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From 1829 on a demand grew again for a native Irish parliament separate from Westminster. However, his campaign to repeal the Act of Union ultimately failed.
.Aspects of the United Kingdom met with popularity in Ireland during the 122-year union.^ At that time, life expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom averaged 79 years for women and 73 for men; the infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1000 live births.
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^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
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^ There are fewer cases of infectious syphilis per year in men in England (194 cases in 1994) than there are clinics in the United Kingdom, 230.
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.Hundreds of thousands flocked to Dublin for the visits of Queen Victoria in 1900, King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra in 1903 and 1907 and King George V and Queen Mary in 1911. About 210,000 Irishmen fought in Irish regiments of the United Kingdom and Allied armies in World War I, at a time when Ireland was the only home nation where conscription was not in force.^ At that time, life expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom averaged 79 years for women and 73 for men; the infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1000 live births.
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^ Regional units within the United Kingdom have facilities to record interview sessions on video of children being asked open questions about the alleged abuse.
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^ Mary Stuart, queen of Scots, had two husbands who held the title of king: François, dauphin then king of France, (d.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

Irish Home Rule

.Figures such as Isaac Butt and Charles Stewart Parnell, the first leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, campaigned for a version of all-Ireland self-government called home rule within the United Kingdom, which was nearly achieved in the 1880s under the (British) ministry of William Ewart Gladstone who introduced two Irish Home Rule Bills.^ The United Kingdom lies entirely within the BRITISH ISLES, (q.v.
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^ A British - Ugandan team of scientists said that the glaciers of the Rwenzori Mountains in East Africa , which the Greek geographer Ptolemy called "the mountains of the moon," could melt within the next two decades.
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^ David Kelly , a British Ministry of Defense scientist who was accused of being the source of news reports that the British government had doctored its intelligence on Iraq , was found dead two days after he was interrogated by a parliamentary committee.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.However, the measures were defeated in Parliament, and following the ascension of the Conservatives to the majority, the issue was buried as long as that party was in power.^ Bute's ministry was not a success, however, and four short-lived ministries followed until 1770, when George found, in Lord North, a leader pleasing both to him and to the majority of Parliament.
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^ In the late 1730s, however, a war party emerged in Parliament.
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^ In the general election of 1964, however, the latter was narrowly defeated by the Labour party, headed by Harold Wilson.
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.With the return to power of the Liberals in 1910 general election supported by the Irish Party under John Redmond who now held the balance of power in the Commons, the veto power of the Lords was removed under the Parliament Act 1911 and a Home Rule Bill introduced in 1912 passed Parliament as the Third Home Rule Act in 1914, but was temporarily suspended for the duration of World War I.^ World War I began in 1914 in Sarajevo.
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^ The stage was now set for World War I. .
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^ A struggle between Parliament and the Stuart kings, a bloody civil war (1642-1649), and establishment of a republic under the Puritans, ended with the restoration of the monarchy in 1688.
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.However the constant delaying of Home Rule and the opposition of the Orange Order in Ulster created the frustration that eventually led to political violence and the 1916 Easter Rising.^ Continued frustration with the nation's inability to win the war, however, led to the replacement of Asquith by Lloyd George, heading a predominantly Conservative coalition, in December 1916.
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^ The British government introduced separate Home Rule bills for Northern and Southern Ireland, as Ulster Protestants wanted to remain with the UK. The Ulster Protestants accepted the division of Ireland in 1920.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Gladstone became a convert to the cause of home rule—the creation of a semi-independent Irish legislature and cabinet—he divided the Liberal party and led his brief third ministry (1886) to defeat.
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.An attempt to introduce Irish self-government was made by PM Lloyd George in 1917 when he called an Irish Convention which after six months deliberating failed to agree on the inclusion or exclusion of Ulster.^ Moreover, the Irish Home Rule debate meant that Ireland too sought self-government and was a source of weakness for the empire.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, people such as George Seawright and Ian Paisley have made much of their claim that Ulster is under siege from the "Papists".
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^ The proclamation calls on all Irish people to unite saying that all previous differences which "have divided a minority from the majority" were "carefully fostered by an alien government.
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.The European situation with the threat of conscription changed the political climate such that in the 1918 general election, the Irish Party lost most of its seats to the new Sinn Féin party.^ The general election of 1945 gave the Labour party for the first time a majority of the popular vote and an overwhelming parliamentary majority.
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^ In the general election of 1964, however, the latter was narrowly defeated by the Labour party, headed by Harold Wilson.
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^ In the general election of 2001, the Labour party won 413 seats, the Conservatives 166, the Liberal Democrats 52, and minor parties 28.
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Breakdown of the Union

The area shaded red left the UK in 1922.
.In 1919, Sinn Féin MPs elected to Westminster formed a unilaterally independent Irish parliament in Dublin, the first Dáil Éireann with an executive under the President of Dáil Éireann, Éamon de Valera.^ The Irish Parliament, controlled by Anglo-Irish Protestants, won a greater degree of independence.
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^ The Dublin legislature was abolished, and 100 Irish representatives became members of the Parliament in London; only an Irish viceroy and a London-appointed administration remained in Dublin.
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^ The kingdom, along with other independent countries and their dependencies and several associated states, form the COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS, (q.v.; see also WESTMINSTER, STATUTE OF,).
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.A War of Independence was fought between 1919 and 1921. The island of Ireland was partitioned on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 into two distinct autonomous United Kingdom regions, the short-lived Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland.^ In 1920, the British Parliament divided Northern Ireland from Southern Ireland and gave each its own parliament and government.
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^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ A struggle between Parliament and the Stuart kings, a bloody civil war (1642-1649), and establishment of a republic under the Puritans, ended with the restoration of the monarchy in 1688.
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[3] .On 6 December 1922, a year after the Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed, the entire island of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and formed a new Dominion, the Irish Free State.^ In 1902, Britain signed a treaty with Japan.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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.However, as was widely expected, Northern Ireland almost immediately exercised its right under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, to opt out of the Irish Free State and back into the United Kingdom.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ Iran criticized Australia, Bahrain, Britain, France, Italy, and the United States for carrying out a practice naval exercise in the Persian Gulf, then announced ten days of “Great Prophet II” war games.
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^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
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[4] With that, the Irish border became an international frontier.
.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland continued in name until 1927 when it was renamed as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ It wasn't until 22 February 1957 that HM The Queen corrected this situation and made her husband a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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^ The Peerage is made up of two parts:  one part is the separate ranks in the peerage (see question 2 below) and the other part is the five separate peerages.  These separate peerages are the peerage of England, of Scotland, of Ireland, of Great Britain, and of the United Kingdom.  Peers were created in the "peerage of England" or the "peerage of Scotland" up until 1707 when these two kingdoms combined under what is known as the Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of Great Britain".  Peers continued to be created in the "peerage of Ireland" until 1801 when Great Britain and Ireland were combined in a second Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of the United Kingdom".
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

Legacy

A passport from the Realm.
.Despite increasing political independence from each other from 1922 and complete political independence since 1949, the union left the two countries intertwined with each other in many respects.^ Since 1 September 1997, safe third-country cases within the European Union have been governed by the Dublin Convention.
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^ Since Northern Ireland is not as liberal towards abortion as the other three countries, some pregnant teenagers go to the larger cities on the mainland to obtain abortions.
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^ [With regard to abortion, since Northern Ireland is not as liberal as the other three countries, some pregnant teenagers go to the larger cities on the mainland to obtain abortions.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ireland used the Irish pound from 1928 until 2001 when the euro replaced it. Until it joined the ERM in 1979, the Irish pound was directly linked to the pound sterling. .Decimalisation of both currencies occurred simultaneously on Decimal Day in 1971. Coins of equivalent value had the same dimensions and size until the introduction of the British twenty pence coin in 1982, the first new coin to be issued since the break with sterling.^ In 1968 Great Britain took the first step in a 3-year conversion of its currency to the decimal system by introducing the first two new coins, the 5-new-pence piece (equal to 1 old shilling) and the 10-new-pence piece.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Frank Jordan's break up, Mike Visser has been working on his new album.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Percentage of the Ecologist 's fall 1998 issue's entire press run immediately pulped by the printer, for fear of breaking British libel laws: 100 .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.British coinage, therefore, although technically not legal tender in the Republic of Ireland was in wide circulation and usually acceptable as payment, and vice versa.^ The six counties of Northern Ireland continued to be represented in the British Parliament, although they also gained their own provincial parliament.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The new British twenty pence coin and later British one pound coin were the notable exceptions to this, as there was initially no equivalent Irish coin value, and when subsequently, Irish coins of these values were introduced, their designs differed significantly, thereby not allowing for 'stealth' passing of the coins in change.^ There has been no change to these provisions.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has been one exception to this rule in this century.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Government has introduced the Police (Northern Ireland) Bill (annex R) into Parliament in December 1997 to implement changes in line with these recommendations.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Irish citizens in the UK have a status almost equivalent to British citizens. .They can vote in all elections and even stand for Parliament.^ Traditionally, HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother and HRH The Princess Margaret did not vote because of their closeness to HM The Queen even though they have always been legally entitled.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.As well as this, some people born in the Republic of Ireland before 1949, but after 3 March 1922, are British subjects.^ A campaign of terrorism by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) followed; its aim was to unite Northern Ireland with the Irish Republic in defiance of the wishes of a majority of the Northern Irish people.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Was Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark a British subject before he became naturalized in 1947?
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.British citizens have similar rights to Irish citizens in the Republic of Ireland and can vote in all elections apart from presidential elections and referendums.^ The Isle of Man, in the Irish Sea, and the Channel Islands, close to Brittany, are dependent Crown territories and part of the British Isles, but not part of the UK. The UK has a land border with the Republic of Ireland and is connected to France via the Channel Tunnel.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British House of Lords voted to limit the right of parents to spank their children .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ By the Local Government Act of 1888 the citizens of London were deprived of all right of jurisdiction over the county of Middlesex, which had been expressly granted by various charters.

.Under the Irish nationality law anyone born on the island of Ireland to a British or Irish parent can have Irish citizenship and so most children born in Northern Ireland can have a British or an Irish passport (or both).^ Most of the island became the Irish Free State, independent of British rule in all but name.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British House of Lords voted to limit the right of parents to spank their children .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ British measures gradually curbed but could not totally halt the wave of bombings and killings in Northern Ireland and England.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before 2002, there was no requirement for one parent to be a British or Irish citizen and so all persons born on the island of Ireland before then are entitled to be Irish citizens.^ The Government of the Cayman Islands continues at all times to seek to ensure that the requirements of the Convention are scrupulously observed.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the island became the Irish Free State, independent of British rule in all but name.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sorry folks, no magical stories, and "scrubs" is (as was on one of the DVD's) the most realistic medical show out there (sorry Grey's Fans...All the pretty stuff, and fluff is just soap opera.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


List of monarchs

George V, the last King to be styled as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
.Until 1927, part of the monarch's royal title included the words King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Peerage is made up of two parts:  one part is the separate ranks in the peerage (see question 2 below) and the other part is the five separate peerages.  These separate peerages are the peerage of England, of Scotland, of Ireland, of Great Britain, and of the United Kingdom.  Peers were created in the "peerage of England" or the "peerage of Scotland" up until 1707 when these two kingdoms combined under what is known as the Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of Great Britain".  Peers continued to be created in the "peerage of Ireland" until 1801 when Great Britain and Ireland were combined in a second Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of the United Kingdom".
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United Kingdom: http://www.royal.gov.uk II - Websites which predominantly feature British royalty and nobility: .
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1927, the words United Kingdom were dropped from the royal title so that the monarch was instead styled as King of Great Britain, Ireland...[and other places].^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The massive drop in gonorrhea in the United Kingdom in 1986 to 1988 was not matched by a significant drop in hospital cases of acute salpingitis.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The words United Kingdom were restored to the monarch's title in 1953 with the reference to Ireland replaced with a reference to Northern Ireland.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It wasn't until 22 February 1957 that HM The Queen corrected this situation and made her husband a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]


See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ R.W. Burchfield, Fowler's Modern English Usage (1996) pp. 249-50; Pam Peters, The Cambridge Guide to English Usage (2004) p. 79; A.J.P. Taylor, English History: 1914-1945 p. v
  2. ^ a b c Act of Union 1800, Article 4.
  3. ^ Order in Council of 3 May 1921 (SR&O 1921, No. 533). Their constitutional roots remained the Act of Union, two complimentary Acts, one passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, the other by the Parliament of Ireland.
  4. ^ On 7 December 1922 (the day after the establishment of the Irish Free State) the Parliament resolved to make the following address to the King so as to opt out of the Irish Free State: ”MOST GRACIOUS SOVEREIGN, We, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Senators and Commons of Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, having learnt of the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922, being the Act of Parliament for the ratification of the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland, do, by this humble Address, pray your Majesty that the powers of the Parliament and Government of the Irish Free State shall no longer extend to Northern Ireland". Source: Northern Ireland Parliamentary Report, 7 December 1922 and Anglo-Irish Treaty, sections 11, 12. If Northern Ireland had not done so it would have became an autonomous part of the Irish Free State.

External links

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, the official title, since the ist of January 1801, of the political unity composed of England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland.^ Wha's the difference between the United Kingdom , Great Britain , and England ?
  • What is the difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain, and England? | Learn English 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.ecenglish.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this article “United Kingdom” and “Britain/British” are used synonymously; “Great Britain” is used only in reference to England, Wales, and Scotland.
  • United Kingdom - MSN Encarta 20 September 2009 3:25 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ England is one of four distinct regions of the United Kingdom, which also includes Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
  • United Kingdom, British, English Etiquette, Mannners, and Hofstede Cultural Dimensions for England, Great Britain 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.cyborlink.com [Source type: Original source]

."Great Britain" was employed as a formal designation from the time of the union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1707. Although the name (which apparently had its origin in Britannia Major, the name given to the island to distinguish it from Britannia Minor or Brittany) had, in earlier times, been often used both by English and by foreign writers, especially for rhetorical and poetical purposes, it was not till after the accession of James I.^ Wha's the difference between the United Kingdom , Great Britain , and England ?
  • What is the difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain, and England? | Learn English 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.ecenglish.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Britain, so named as to distinguish itself from Brittany, is a geographic island which comprises the countries of England, Scotland and Wales.
  • Is it Great Britain, the United Kingdom, the British Isles or what exactly? - Gary's Posterous 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC vicchi.posterous.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name Great Britain is often just shortened to Britain.
  • Is Britain the same as UK? And is there a difference between Britain and Great Britain? - Yahoo! Answers 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

that it became a recognized part of the royal style. .Its adoption was due to the king himself, who was anxious to give expression to the fact that he was sovereign of the undivided island, and not only of England or Scotland.^ Its adoption was due to the king himself, who was anxious to give expression to the fact that he was sovereign of the undivided island, and not only of England or Scotland.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scotland and England had separate monarchies until 1603, when King James VI of Scotland succeeded Queen Elizabeth I on the English throne.
  • What is the difference between the United Kingdom and Great Britain? 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC ukinusa.fco.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In those days, the border between the two sovereign countries of England and Scotland displayed all the characteristics of a frontier, lacking law and order.
  • Historic UK - the history of England 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.historic-uk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As early as 1559 the Scottish congregation had formally proposed 1 See also Britain; British Empire; England; Ireland; Scotland; Wales; &C.
Year.
Revenue.
Expenditure.
Proportion
of per head.
per head.
s. d.
1861
70,283,674
72,792,059
2 8 io
1871
69,945,220
69,548,539
2 4 5
1881
81,872,354
80,938,990
2 7 I
1891
89,489,112
87,732,855
2 6 2
1901
130,384,684
183,592,264
3 2 10
1902
142,997,999
195,522,213
3 12 II
1903
151, 551, 698
184,483, 708 .
3 I I 6
1904
141,545,597
146,961,136
3 6 2
1905
143,370,404
141,956,497
3 6 4
1906
143,977,575
140,51 1 ,955
3 5 I I
1907
156,537,690
151,812,094
3 6 5
1908
151,578,295
152,292,395
3 5 0
1909
131,696,456
157,944,611
2 18 5
.In separate articles throughout this Encyclopaedia the main subjects of interest in connexion with British institutions are fully dealt with; and it is only necessary here to give such details as are needed to supplement those given under the subjectheading.^ In separate articles throughout this Encyclopaedia the main subjects of interest in connexion with British institutions are fully dealt with; and it is only necessary here to give such details as are needed to supplement those given under the subjectheading.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studying in the United Kingdom will not only give students a thorough understanding of the subject but also analytical abilities and problem solving skills that are much prized by employers.

^ The Club magazine, Miscellany, is a full colour 56 page monthly which carries all the news and articles on a host of subjects of interest to members.
  • Morgan Sports Car Club 8 January 2010 13:43 UTC www.mscc.uk.com [Source type: News]

.See Agriculture; Navy (also Ship and Ship-BUILDING); Education; English Finance; English History; Civil Ser Vice; National Debt; Police; Poor Law; &C. A separate section, however, is devoted to the army, the constitution of which in 1910 is described; the history is given under Army.^ See Agriculture ; Navy (also Ship and Ship -BUILDING); Education ; English Finance ; English History ; Civil Ser Vice ; National Debt ; Police ; Poor Law ; &C. A separate section, however, is devoted to the army, the constitution of which in 1910 is described; the history is given under Army .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ England has a long, rich history that has given the English an amazing sense of national pride, which is evident in their daily lives.
  • Study Abroad in England with EuroLearn 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.eurolearn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The English Channel separates the country from Europe and the only land border it shares with another nation is between Northern Ireland and Ireland.

National Debt (q.v.).-The table on the preceding page shows the position of the national debt at quinquennial intervals during 1891-1910.
Area
A
sq. m.
Population.
1891.
1901.
England and Wales. .
58,324
29,002,525
32,527,843
Scotland
29,796
4, 02 5, 6 47
4,472,103
Ireland
32,531
4,704,750
4,458,775
Islands in the British seas .
302
147,842
150,370
Year.
England and
Wales.
Scotland.
Ireland.
United
Kingdom.
(a)
(b)
(a)
(b)
(a)
(b)
(a)
(b)
1896
2 4 2 ,7 6 4
1 5 . 7
30,270
14-2
23,055
10-2
296,089
15.0
1901
259,400
15 -9
31,387
14.0
22,564
10'2
3 1 3,35 1
15 1
1906
26 9,734
1 5' 6
33, 12 3
14.0
22 ,557
10 '3
3 2 5,4 1 4
14'9
1909
260,2J9
14.6
30,092
12 . 3
22,769
10'4
313,120
13.9
Year.
English and Welsh.
Scottish.
Irish.
Total.
1895
112,538
18,294
54,349
185,181
1898
90,679
15,570
34,395
140,644
1900
102,448
20,472
45,905
168,825
1904
175,733
37,445
58,285
271,435
1905
170,408
41,510
50,159
262,077
1906
219,765
53,162
52,210
325,137
.Area and Population.-The United Kingdom has an area of 120,651 sq.^ Population of United Kingdom at 21 million.
  • English History Timeline 20 September 2009 14:51 UTC www.victorianweb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It has an area of 229,870 sq km (88,753 sq mi), equivalent to just over 90 per cent of the total area of the United Kingdom.
  • United Kingdom - ninemsn Encarta 20 September 2009 3:24 UTC au.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If one visits the northern and western mountain areas, it is possible to find more precipitations than in the central regions of the United Kingdom.
  • Chamber of Industry & Commerce Ecuador & Great Britain 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.egbcc.org [Source type: Original source]

m., and at the .census of 1891 had a population of 37,732,922 and in 1901 of 41,458,721. If the islands in British seas are included, the area is increased to 120,953 sq.^ With an area of 218 595 km² (84,400 sq.mi ) the island of Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles .
  • Great Britain at AllExperts 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ With an area of 218 595 km² (84,400 sq.mi) the island of Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles.
  • UK (Great Britain), Europe, Coins: World at Think Bling Coins and Paper Money 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.thinkbling.com [Source type: News]

^ Its territory and population are primarily situated on the island of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland along with numerous smaller islands in the surrounding seas.
  • Cheapest International Flight tickets to UK | Discounted Airline tickets to United Kingdom 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.ticketstoeurope.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

m., and the population to 41,609,091. The main divisions are as follows: Vital Statistics.-The following table institutes a comparison between the birth-rates per thousand of the population in the United Kingdom and certain other countries, at intervals (so far as possible) of five years, adding the figures for other years in specific years when there was a marked fluctuation: The number of marriages (a) and the proportion of persons married per thousand of the population (b) are thus shown: Emigration.-The following table shows the number of passengers, distinguishing English and Welsh, Scottish and Irish, who left the United Kingdom for extra-European countries in 1895, 1900 and 1905, and the total for 1909, and in certain other years in which the numbers show marked fluctuations: In 1909 the total number to British dominions was 163,594 and the total number to other extra-European countries was 125,167.
1881.
1886.
1891.
1896.
1901.
1905,
1906.
Russia in Europe
Hungary
Austria
Germany
Japan. .. ... .
Holland
Denmark .
Switzerland
UNITED KINGDOM ... .
47.8
42'9
37.5
37.0
25.6
35.o
32.2
29.8
32.5
(1882,
(1882,
5 0.4)
38.9)
4 6.5
45.6
38.1
37.0
27.3
34.6
32.4
27.8
31.5
(1889,
(1890,
3 0.2)
29.2)
48.8
42'3
38.3
37.0
26.7
. 33'7
31.0
28.2
30.4
(1892,
29.6)
49'7
40.5
38.0
36'3
30.0
32.7
30.5
28.1
29.0
47'9
37.8
36'6
35.7
32.7
32'3
29.7
29.1
28 o
-
-
33'7
33.0
30.6
-
-
27.4
-
-
36.0
-
-
-
30.4
28.5
26.8
England
Scotland
Ireland
33'9
33'7
24.5
32.8
32'9
23.2
(1890,
(1890,
(1890,
30.2)
30.4)
22.3)
31.4
31.2
23 I
(18 94,
(1892,
2 9.9)
22.5)
29.6
3 0 4
23.7
28.5
29'5
22'7
-
-
-
27.1
27.9
23.6
Norway
Sweden
Belgium .
France
30.6
29.1
31 8
24.9
31.2
29.8
29.9
23'9
30.9
28.3
30.0
22.6
30.2
27.2
29.0
22.5
29.6
27.0
29.4
22.0
-
-
-
-
26.5
25.7
25.7
20.6
.Occupations.-The following table shows the occupations of the people (excluding children under ten years of age) as The number of births in the United Kingdom in 1909 was 1,146,118, giving a rate per thousand of 25 5. * Not including Finland.^ Manchester, United Kingdom Average rating: .
  • United Kingdom Trip Information - TravelMuse 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ United Kingdom appears in the following lists .
  • United Kingdom - Information, Facts, and Stats 18 September 2009 9:25 UTC www.aneki.com [Source type: News]

^ Children under 4 years .
  • Brunel's ss Great Britain - Historic Ship in Bristol, Harbourside - Visit Bristol 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC visitbristol.co.uk [Source type: General]

1881.
1886.
1891.
1896.
1901.
1905, 1906.
Denmark.. .
18.3
18.1
20.0
15.7
15.8
- 13.5
Norway. .
17.0
16.2
17.5
15.1
14.9
- 13.7
Sweden.. .
17.7
16.6
16.8
15.6
16. 1
- 14.4
Holland.. .
21.5
21.8
20.7
17'2
17.2
- 14.8
UNITED KINGDOM.
18.7
19.2
20.0
16.9
17. 1
- 15.6
England.. .
18.9
19.5
20.2
17.1
16.9
- 15'4
Scotland.. .
19.3
18.9
20.7
16.6
17.9
- 16.0
Ireland.. .
17.5
17.8
18.4
16.7
17.8
- 17.0
Belgium. .
21 2
21.3
21.2
17.5
17.2
- 16.4
Switzerland. .
22.4
20.7
20 6
17.8
18 o
17.9 -
Germany.. .
25.5
26.2
23.4
20 8
20.7
19.8 -
France. .. .
22.0
22.5
22.9
20.0
20. 1
- 19.9
Japan. .. .
18.7
24.4
21.0
21.4
20.4
22.0 -
Hungary. .
34'4
3 1.7
33.1
28.9
25-4
- 24'8
Austria.. .
30.5
29'5
28 I
26.3
24.0
25.0 -
Russia in Europe*.
33.2
31.2
34'6
32.8
32 1
- -
The death-rate is similarly treated: * Not including Finland.
The deaths in the United Kingdom in 1909 numbered 667,765, the rate per thousand being 14.8.
England and Wales.
Scotland.
Ireland.
Professional .
804,427
101,061
131,035
Domestic .
1,994,197
201,230
219,418
Commercial .
1,858,454
245,715
97,889
Agricultural
1,152,495
237,311
876,062
Industrial. .
7,534,994
1,197,495
639,413
Percentage to total area
Great Britain.
Ireland.
of area-
1890.
1909.
1890.
1909.
Cultivated
57.7
56.6
73.1
70.3
Under grain crops. .
14 I
12.4
7'3
6 i
Under green crops.. .
5'8
5.4
5'8
5'0
Under grasses and other crops .
8.5
7'9
5'9
11-2
In permanent pasture.. .
28.2
3 0.2
53.4
43'1
Description of Minerals.
1900.
1909.
Value, 1909.
Tons.
Tons.
Coal. .. .. .
225,181,300
263,774,312
106,274,900
Iron ore. .. .
14,025,208
1 4,979,979
3,689,777
Clay and shale.. .
14,049,694
14,067,810
1,718,056
Sandstone. .. .
5,019,874
4,600,084
1,339,106
Slate.
585,859
402,184
1,007,013
Limestone (not chalk) .
11 ,9 0 5,477
11,811,122
1,226,967
Igneous rocks. .
4,634,301
6,283,297
1,235,046
Oil shale... .
2,282,221
2,967,057
815,937
Tin ore (dressed)
6,800
8,289
617,376
Salt
1,861,347
1,822,744
548,896
distinguished in five great orders, according to the census of .1901: Agriculture.-The following table illustrates broadly the difference in the position of agriculture in Great Britain and in Ireland: Minerals and Mining.-The mineral production of the United Kingdom reached a total value in 1890 of £100,802,657 and in 1909 of £119,394,486, with a maximum during that period of £160,605,154 in 1900 and a minimum of £ 73,024,066 in 1893. These figures include pig-iron produced from foreign ores.^ 'England' is a country in the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain [see below] and Northern Ireland'.
  • Great Britain - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign relations of the United Kingdom .
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The united kingdom, great britain and Britain are not the same thing?.
  • The united kingdom, great britain and Britain are not the same thing?. And why so many names? 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.escapistmagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

About 73% represents the value of the coal output. .The figures for the more important minerals are as follows: Gold ore, manganese ore and uranium ore are produced in small quantities, and the list of minerals worked in the United Kingdom also includes chalk, lead, alum, phosphate of lime, chert and flint, gravel and sand, zinc ore, gypsum, arsenic, copper, barytes, wolfram and strontium sulphate.^ More United Kingdom lodging options.
  • London lodging | Lodging in London United Kingdom | LodgingHunt.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC lodginghunt.com [Source type: General]

^ Among the more important findings were the following: .
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ List of United Kingdom gambling facilities .

Description of
Metal.
1900.
1909.
-
Quantity.
Quantity.
Value (average
market price).
Iron.. .
4,666,942 tons
4,802,163 tons
15,559,253
Tin. .
4,268 „
5,199 ,,
695,546
Lead. .. .
24,364 ,,
22,463 ,,
298,945
Zinc.. .
9,066 „
3,818 „
87,146
Copper.. .
765 ,,
435 ,,
27,162
Gold.. .
14,004 oZ.
1,210' OZ.
4,400
Silver.. .
190,850 „
142,146 „
14,030
Metals were obtained from the ores as follows: The total number of persons employed in and about all the mines of the United Kingdom in 1901 was 839,178, and in 1909 I,126,372.
Coal Mines, &c.
Metalliferous
Mines (a).
Quarries (b).
England. .
606,206
19,561
60,725
Wales. .
137,124
7,333
17,277
Scotland .
114,294
974
12,187
Ireland. .
749
733
4,464
.The workers were thus distributed between the three kingdoms and the principality in 1905: The total figures given above include (a) 550 and (b) 166 workers in the Isle of Man; and the figures quoted for production include that of the isle.^ The "United Kingdom" does not include the "Isle of Man" (which lies between Great Britain and Ireland, in the "Irish Sea") and the "Channel Islands" (which lie off the North coast of France).
  • United Kingdom Travel Tips - United Kingdom Travel Guide - VirtualTourist.com 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ The present-day nation also includes the Channel Islands off the coast of France and the Isle of Man between Britain and Ireland, which are substantially self-governing.
  • Culture of United Kingdom - traditional, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, Alternative name, History and ethnic relations 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Crown Dependencies of the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, formally possessions of the Crown, form a federacy with the United Kingdom collectively known as the British Islands.
  • UNITED KINGDOM 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC ithelp.us [Source type: News]

1900.
1909.
England.
Tons.
Tons.
Cumberland
2,022327
2,309,370
Derby
15,243,031
16,869,347
Durham
34,800,719
41,240,612
Gloucester
1,578,386
1,486,526
Lancashire
24,842,208
23,705,387
Leicester
2,106,343
2,661,606
Monmouth
9,818,829
13,204,357
Northumberland
11,514,521
14,013,135
Nottingham
8,626,177
11,106,702
Somerset
1,046, 792
1,140,818
Stafford
14,222,743
13,517,101
Warwick. .. ... .
2,957,490
4,447,978
York `Vales.. .
28,247,249
35,896,623
Carmarthen
1,333,880
1,950,429
Denbigh. .. ... .
2,447,092
2,556,612
Glamorgan
27,686,758
34,461,631
The production of coal in Great Britain, though marked by, fluctuation, has, on the whole, largely increased, and in 1901 the output was 42% greater than that of 1881. The maximum quantity extracted in any one year between 1890 and 1910 was 267,830,962 tons in 1907, and the minimum 164,325,795 in 1893. The maximum estimated value, however, was £121,6 52,596 for the 225,181,300 tons raised in 1900; the value in 1907 being £120,527,378.
.In the chief coal-producing counties of England and Wales the quantity raised in 1900 and in 1909 will be found in the table at the foot of preceding column.^ In the chief coal-producing counties of England and Wales the quantity raised in 1900 and in 1909 will be found in the table at the foot of preceding column.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ JBS-ENGLAND-24 Celtic crosses are synonymous with Celtic Wales, and Gaelic Ireland and Scotland, but England's southwestern most county, Cornwall, has it's Celtic history too.
  • England stock images, photos, pictures: Stock photography, images, photos, pictures, library 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.jaybeestock.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The iron ore raised in the various countries, and in the most productive counties, is here shown: The number of furnaces in blast (fractions showing the proportion of the year furnaces were in blast) was: in England 298162, Wales 19,; Scotland 852, total 403 i '.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus it appears that of the coal raised in England the county of Durham contributes about 22%, Yorkshire 17%, Lancashire 16%, Stafford and Derbyshire each about 9%, and Northumberland 7%; while of the coal raised in Wales 85% is contributed by the county of Glamorgan; and that the coal production of England and Wales together constitutes, in quantity and value, 85% of the whole production of the United Kingdom.^ Map of England within the United Kingdom .
  • Atlas of the United Kingdom - Wikimedia Commons 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC commons.wikimedia.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Content 3 United Kingdom 3.1 Wales weep not?
  • Talk:Great Britain - Memory Alpha, the Star Trek Wiki 14 January 2010 1:01 UTC memory-alpha.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy.
  • Culture of United Kingdom - traditional, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, Alternative name, History and ethnic relations 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Year.
Tons.
Year.
Tons.
1890
30,442,839
1900
46,098,228
18 93
29,031,955
1905
49,359,272
1895
33, 1 0 1 ,45 2
1909
65,694,267
.The export of coal greatly increased on the whole during the period 1890-1909. The following table shows this; the figures for 1893 are given as the lowest during the period.^ British exports to the Balkans increased greatly.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The following table shows whether your work is covered under the U.S. or U.K. Social Security system.
  • Description of the U.S.-U.K. Social Security Agreement 20 September 2009 2:28 UTC www.ssa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Description of the U.S.-U.K. Social Security Agreement 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following the increase in deaths in recent years, the Scottish Prison Service reviewed their suicide prevention strategy during 1996.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tonnage of coke and patent fuel is included in the totals: The chief receiving countries are, in order, Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, Spain, Russian Empire, Denmark, Egypt, Holland, Argentina, Norway and Brazil.^ The tonnage of coke and patent fuel is included in the totals: The chief receiving countries are, in order, Germany , France , Italy , Sweden , Spain , Russian Empire, Denmark , Egypt , Holland , Argentina , Norway and Brazil .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ England against France, Holland, and Spain.
  • Neo-British Empire of the Crown - 500 Year Chronology 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.biblebelievers.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under Canute, England was part of an empire that also included Denmark and Norway.
  • ENGLAND 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.history.com [Source type: Original source]

The annual output of iron ore in the United Kingdom has on the whole decreased since 1882. In that year it reached a maximum of 18,031,957 tons; it then fell off to 13,098,341 tons in 1887, rose in the two years following to nearly 15,000,000, fell to little over 11,000,000 in 1892-1893, rose fairly steadily to 14,461,330 in 1899, stood in 1900 at 14,028,208 tons of a value of £4224,400, and then showed a further fall and rise, until in 1905 the tonnage was 14,590,703, and the value £ 3,482,184.
1900.
1909.
Tons.
Tons.
England. ... .
13,072,118
14,176,658
Cumberland 1. ...
1,103,430
1,246,228
Lancashire 1. .. ...
630,361
312,367
Leicester
750,708
514,896
Lincoln. .. .. .
1,924,898
2,037,363
Northampton
1,622,539
2,875,659
Stafford 2
1,084,797
902,565
York. .. .. .
5,550,677
6,234,589
Wales
7,418
38,043
Scotland 2. .. ..
849,031
697,276
Ireland. .. ... .
99,641
68,002
.The iron ore raised in the various countries, and in the most productive counties, is here shown: The number of furnaces in blast (fractions showing the proportion of the year furnaces were in blast) was: in England 298162, Wales 19,; Scotland 852, total 403 i '. The total number of existing furnaces in 1900 was: in England 456, Wales 42, Scotland 106; total 604; so that 33% of the number stood unused.^ The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom Apparel Fashion Textiles and Clothing Industry Directory 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.apparelsearch.com [Source type: General]

^ JBS-ENGLAND-24 Celtic crosses are synonymous with Celtic Wales, and Gaelic Ireland and Scotland, but England's southwestern most county, Cornwall, has it's Celtic history too.
  • England stock images, photos, pictures: Stock photography, images, photos, pictures, library 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.jaybeestock.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Every four years the British and Irish Lions (comprising the best players from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland) tour other countries.
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • THE UNITED KINGDOM A HAVEN FOR PLANNING CRIME AND CRIMINALS 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.bushywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1905 furnaces in blast numbered: England 244, Wales 13, Scotland 87A z; total 345A z; and those existing: in England 412, Wales 31, Scotland tor; total 544; and the percentage unused was thus 36.
.In 1888 the imports of iron ore amounted to 3,562,071 tons, in 1898 to 5,468,396 tons, in 1899 to 7,054,578 tons, in 1900 to 6,297,953 tons, in 1901 to 5,548,888 tons and in 1909 to 6,361,571 tons, of which the bulk was imported from Spain.^ Britain imports all of its cotton, rubber, sulphur, about 80% of its wool, half of its food and iron ore, also certain amounts of paper, tobacco, chemicals.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The amount of pig-iron obtained found its minimum, during the period 1890-1910, of 6,976,990 tons in 1893, and its maximum of 10,183,860 in 1906, and in 1905 the quantity produced from foreign ores (4,847,899 tons) for the first time exceeded that produced from British ores (4,760,187).^ The amount of pig-iron obtained found its minimum, during the period 1890-1910, of 6,976,990 tons in 1893, and its maximum of 10,183,860 in 1906, and in 1905 the quantity produced from foreign ores (4,847,899 tons) for the first time exceeded that produced from British ores (4,760,187).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These figures include pig - iron produced from foreign ores.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi, Japenese and Italian 'Empires' by sacrificing itself during and after the Second World War, which he suggests would have been, and indeed were, many times worse than the British Empire.
  • xkcd • View topic - The British Empire, good or bad? 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]
  • xkcd • View topic - The British Empire, good or bad? 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: General]

.The quantity of lead ore produced within the United Kingdom has decreased.^ The quantity of lead ore produced within the United Kingdom has decreased.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The figures for the more important minerals are as follows: Gold ore, manganese ore and uranium ore are produced in small quantities, and the list of minerals worked in the United Kingdom also includes chalk , lead , alum , phosphate of lime , chert and flint , gravel and sand , zinc ore, gypsum , arsenic , copper , barytes , wolfram and strontium sulphate.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1926, the United Kingdom, completing a process begun a century earlier, granted Australia, Canada, and New Zealand complete autonomy within the empire.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Travel to United Kingdom-- Educational Travel Guide 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.edinformatics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is now less than one-half of the output of about 1877, and the value has decreased more than proportionately.^ More than one-half of days are overcast.
  • http://www.alertnet.org/db/cp/uk.htm 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.alertnet.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is now less than one-half of the output of about 1877, and the value has decreased more than proportionately.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Funding problems at the bank in the second half of 2007 triggered the first run on a British bank in more than a century.
  • BBC NEWS | Europe | Country profiles | Timeline: United Kingdom 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

.In the period1890-1908the maxi- Lead. mum annual production of metallic lead from British ore was 33,590 tons in 1890, valued at £449,8 2 6; the production fluctuated somewhat, but generally fell, to the minimum of 17,704 tons in 1902 (value £198,875).^ In the period1890-1908the maxi- Lead.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British ore was 33,590 tons in 1890, valued at £449,8 2 6; the production fluctuated somewhat, but generally fell, to the minimum of 17,704 tons in 1902 (value £198,875).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The annual output of tin ore, which in 1878 amounted to 1 5, 0 45 tons, valued at £530,737, fell to 12,898 tons in 1881, though the value in that year rose to £697,444.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most productive counties are Flint, Durham and Derby; the ore obtained in the Isle of Man is increased in value by the silver it contains.^ The most productive counties are Flint, Durham and Derby ; the ore obtained in the Isle of Man is increased in value by the silver it contains.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The iron ore raised in the various countries, and in the most productive counties, is here shown: The number of furnaces in blast (fractions showing the proportion of the year furnaces were in blast) was: in England 298162, Wales 19,; Scotland 852, total 403 i '.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the opinion of the Committee, the second periodic report of the United Kingdom contained a wealth of valuable information, but it could have been more analytical and could have included the most up-to-date information.
  • Concluding Observations/Comments - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www1.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These counties supply the richest ore in the United Kingdom.^ There are many ways to find casinos in United Kingdom, try any of these: Click here for a map of casinos in United Kingdom or use the menu on the left to select a location.

^ Thankfully, these educational programs provided the United Kingdom with practitioners, teachers, and researchers in the field of sexuality since the mid-1980s.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom is the fourth-largest market for U.S. goods exports after Canada, Mexico, and Japan and the sixth-largest supplier of U.S. imports after Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Travel to United Kingdom-- Educational Travel Guide 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.edinformatics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In these cases the greater proportion of ore is from mines also producing coal.^ Bosnia-Hercegovina was rich in gold silver, lead, coal, and iron and iron ore mines, and had fir, beech, and oak trees in abundance.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ According to DTI, the UK now imports more coal than it produces domestically, with South Africa and Australia representing the principle source of these imports.
  • Energy profile of the United Kingdom - Encyclopedia of Earth 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The annual output of tin ore, which in 1878 amounted to 1 5, 0 45 tons, valued at £530,737, fell to 12,898 tons in 1881, though the value in that year rose to £697,444.
During the years1882-1892the average output was over 14,000 tons, and its average value about £770,000, but in 1893 a decline began in the output (not however accompanied closely by a decline in the value), slightly relieved about 1905.
Year.
Tin Ore.
Value.
Tons.
1893
13,689
637,053
1900
6,800
523,604
1905
7,201
574,183
1909
5,193
617,376
Tin ore is obtained almost exclusively in Cornwall.
.Like others of the less important mining industries, copper mining in the United Kingdom has declined.^ However, as other nations industrialised and surplus labour from agriculture began to dry up, the United Kingdom started to lose its economic advantage.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom at AllExperts 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tourism is also important: with over 24 million tourists a year, the United Kingdom is ranked as the sixth major tourist destination in the world, between China (33) and Austria (19.1).
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • THE UNITED KINGDOM A HAVEN FOR PLANNING CRIME AND CRIMINALS 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.bushywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Century By the time of Queen Victoria's death in 1901, other nations, including the United States and Germany, had developed their own industries; the United Kingdom's comparative economic advantage had lessened, and the ambitions of its rivals had grown.

In 1881 the. output of ore amounted to 52,556 tons, in 1891 to 9158 tons, in 18 93 to 557 6 tons, in 1905 to 7153 tons, valued at £32,696 and yielding 716 tons of metal by smelting. .The total tonnage of ore included 5757 tons from England (chiefly from Cornwall) and 1146 from Ireland (Wicklow, &c.^ JBS-ENGLAND-24 Celtic crosses are synonymous with Celtic Wales, and Gaelic Ireland and Scotland, but England's southwestern most county, Cornwall, has it's Celtic history too.
  • England stock images, photos, pictures: Stock photography, images, photos, pictures, library 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.jaybeestock.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A mailing list for anyone with a genealogical interest in the United Kingdom including Scotland, Ireland, England, and Wales.
  • General United Kingdom and Ireland Mailing Lists 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.rootsweb.ancestry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scotland, England (and Wales), and Ireland (including Northern Ireland) have competed at the Cricket World Cup , with England reaching the Final three times.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). .Copper precipitate is taken from water pumped up from old copper mines on Parys Mountain in Anglesey.^ The old farmer used to get water from a pump down the garden and lighting was by candles / oil lamps.
  • United Kingdom Travel Tips - United Kingdom Travel Guide - VirtualTourist.com 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.Zinc ore is obtained chiefly from mines in Cumberland, Wales and the Isle of Man.^ Local Newspapers 1750 - 1920 England & Wales, Channel Islands, Isle of Man , Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1989 .
  • GFO Catalog - United Kingdom and Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.gfo.org [Source type: General]

^ Welsh, Scottish and Manx Gaelic are now official languages for Wales, Scotland and the Isle of Man along with English.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Angles, Saxons and Jutes were also present, and the Celts withdrew to the peripheries, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Cornwall and the Isle of Man.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1881 the output reached 35,527 tons, valued at £110,043; in 1891 the output was only Zinc. 22,216 tons, but its value was £113,445. In 1897 the quantity was 19,278 tons, and the value £69,134; but in 1898 the price had risen so that the output of 23,552 tons was worth £117,784. In 1900 the output of 24,675 tons was worth £97,606; and in 1905 that of 23,909 tons was worth £139,806.
.During the period1890-1905gold mines were worked continuously in Merionethshire.^ During the period1890-1905gold mines were worked continuously in Merionethshire.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Notices of the discovery of gold elsewhere (as in the Forest of Dean, Argyllshire and Ireland) have appeared from time to time.^ Notices of the discovery of gold elsewhere (as in the Forest of Dean , Argyllshire and Ireland) have appeared from time to time.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first commemorative stamps from Ireland appeared in 1929, and are now released many times in a year featuring a wide variety of scenes from Irish life.

Year.
Ore.
Gold.
Value.
Tons.
Oz.
18 9 0
575
206
675
1891
14,117
4,008
13,700
18 93
4,489
2,309
8,691
1895
13,266
6,600
18,520
18 9 8
703
395
1,229
1900
20,802
14,004
52,147
1902
29,953
4,181
14,570
1904
23,203
19,655
73,925
1905
15,981
5,797
21,222
1908
-
915
3,311
.The principal fluctuations in production were as follows: It should be noted also that from imported cupreous iron pyrites, copper, gold and silver are extracted at some fifteen metal extraction works in Great Britain.^ Bosnia-Hercegovina was rich in gold silver, lead, coal, and iron and iron ore mines, and had fir, beech, and oak trees in abundance.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Britain imports all of its cotton, rubber, sulphur, about 80% of its wool, half of its food and iron ore, also certain amounts of paper, tobacco, chemicals.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The effect of Protection on the Indian iron and steel industry can be judged from the following estimated growth in the production of the Tata concern behind a tariff wall.
  • New Economic Policy of British Imperialism 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

From 386,858 tons of burnt ore in 1900 there were obtained 13,925 tons of copper, 1 777 oz. of gold and 3 0 9,4 86 oz. of silver; and in .1905 the figures were: ore, 402,863 tons; copper, 14,502 tons; gold, 1850 oz.; silver, 322,291 oz.^ Bosnia-Hercegovina was rich in gold silver, lead, coal, and iron and iron ore mines, and had fir, beech, and oak trees in abundance.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

Year.
Imported.
Exported.
Retained.
lb
lb
lb
1890
1,793,495,200
214,641,840
1,578,853,360
1893
1,416,780,064
224,621,488
1,192,158,576
18 95
1,757,042,672
203,284,592
1,553,758,080
1898
2,128,548,352
203,072,464
1,925,475,888
1900
1,760,206,672
215,747,168
1,544,459,504
1905
2,203,595,520
283,177,888
1,920,417,632
1907
2,386,901,104
330,352,064
2,056,549,040
1909
2,188,761,456
268,633,456
1,920,128,000
.Textile Industries.-The most important of the textile industries of Great Britain is cotton manufacture.^ This is the national biography of Great Britain and its most important biographical source.

^ Great Britain industries history .
  • HST295: Liberal Imperialism: The British Empire and the World, 1780-1945 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.smith.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The national biography of Great Britain and its most important biographical source.

.The quantities Cotton. of raw cotton imported, exported and retained for Cot consumption for various years during the period1890-1910were as follows: During the same period the minimum and maximum amount of raw cotton (in lb) imported into the United Kingdom from the principal countries whence it is exported was as follows: United States of America (1893), 1, 0 55, 8 55,3 60; (1898), 1,805,353,424; Egypt (1890), 181,266,176; (1907), 4 2 3, 0 5 2 ,44 8; British possessions in the East Indies (1898), 27,349,728; (1890), 2 3 8 ,74 6 ,7 0 4; (1909), 75,621,168;75,621,168; Brazil (1899), 5,4 6 4,59 2; (1906), 54,362,000; Peru (1891), 6, 1 75,344; (1909), 2 4,4 1 3,§4 8.8. In 1905 there were imported 7,941,920 lb from Chile (only 195,328 in 1909); 6,033,104 lb from Canada (this also fluctuates greatly; 1,801,072 in 1909); 1,241,408 lb from British West Africa (4,985,232 in 1909); 1,126,720 lb from the British West Indies and Guiana (3,022,208 in 1908).^ The administrative geography of the United Kingdom is complex, multi-layered and non-uniform as each country of the United Kingdom has its own system of administrative and geographic demarcation with origins that pre-date the United Kingdom itself.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A constitutional monarchy , the United Kingdom is a Commonwealth Realm, sharing the same person — Queen Elizabeth II — with the fifteen other Realms as monarch and head of state, forming a personal union with each.

^ At that time, life expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom averaged 79 years for women and 73 for men; the infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1000 live births.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to the census returns of 1901 there were 546,065 persons employed in cotton factories, 199,920 male and 346,145 female.^ The Council controls the provision of fire escapes in factories employing over 40 persons, under an act of 1901; it also compels the mainten ance of proper precautions against fire in theatres and places of entertainments.

^ Historically there has been no clearly defined age of consent for the male having sex with a female.
  • Age of Sexual Consent -- United Kingdom 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.ageofconsent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the 2001 census there are approximately 270,000 Jews in Britain .
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the total number of workpeople, 529,131 were employed in England and Wales, 14,805 in Scotland and 212 in Ireland.^ God bless Wales, God bless Scotland, God bless Ireland, God bless England.
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Encompasses present-day England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales .
  • Great Britain and Ireland, 1900 A.D.–present | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.metmuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales and such.
  • For Sale : United Kingdom region geology publications, including Ireland. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.woodenski.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1907 the total had risen to 576,820 (217,742 males and 359,078 females).^ Life Expectancy at Birth : Total Population : 77.99 years; male : 75.29 years; female : 80.84 years .
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Literacy: Total population: 99%; Male: 99%; Female: 99% GDP Per Capita: $31,800 Web site: Pm.gov.uk .
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Year.
Imports.
Exports of
imported Wool.
Retained.
lb
lb
lb
1890
633,028,131
340,712,303
292,315,828
18 95
775,379,063
404,935,226
370,443,837
1898
699,555,048
283,317,748
416,237,300
1900
558,950,528
196,207,261
362,743,267
1905
620,350,885
277,864,215
342,486,670
1907
764,286,625
313,519,282
450,767,343
1909
808,710,087
390,695,182
418,014,905
The extent of the woollen and worsted manufactures of the United Kingdom is indicated by the following table showing the imports and exports of wool and the quantity retained for use in various years (1890-19ò5):--- During the same period the minimum and maximum amount of wool (in lb) imported into the United Kingdom was as follows: Australia (1904), 220,483,961; (1895), 417,163,078; New Zealand (1890), 95, 6 3 2 ,59 8; (1909), 1 7 6 ,457, 1 5 0; British possessions in South Africa (1900), 32,219,369; (1909), 115,896,598; South America (1890), 11,173,692; (1908), 78,938,157; British possessions in the East Indies (1901), 24,069,571; (1909), 56,238,633; France (1890), 10, 8 73,7 88; (1902), 27,770,790; Turkish Empire (1908), 5,705,671; (1897), 25,727,462.
.In the woollen and worsted industries 239,954 persons were employed according to the census of 1901, of whom 99,425 were males and 140,529 females.^ In the woollen and worsted industries 239,954 persons were employed according to the census of 1901, of whom 99,425 were males and 140,529 females.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the census returns of 1901 there were 546,065 persons employed in cotton factories, 199,920 male and 346,145 female.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The numbers of persons employed in the other principal textile industries in 1901 was as follows: Commerce.-British commerce received an enormous development after the first quarter of the 19th century.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the total number 209,700 were employed in England and Wales, 24,906 in Scotland and 5348 in Ireland.^ God bless Wales, God bless Scotland, God bless Ireland, God bless England.
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Project Britain.com: British or English 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC blogs.projectbritain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales and such.
  • For Sale : United Kingdom region geology publications, including Ireland. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.woodenski.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Travel the back roads of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
  • England (London) Travel Guide 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.travigator.com [Source type: News]

England
United Kingdom.
and
Scotland.
Ireland.
Total.
Males.
Females.
Wales.
Flax
4,493
2 3,57 o
71,464
29,226
70,301
99,527
Hemp, jute,
&c. .
2,750
39,200
639
11,618
30,971
42,589
Silk
34,847
2,424
209
11,058
26,422
37,480
1-Iosiery
4 8 ,374
11,957
611
15,067
45, 8 75
60,942
.The numbers of persons employed in the other principal textile industries in 1901 was as follows: Commerce.-British commerce received an enormous development after the first quarter of the 19th century.^ The numbers of persons employed in the other principal textile industries in 1901 was as follows: Commerce.-British commerce received an enormous development after the first quarter of the 19th century.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extension of the franchise in 1832 and 1867, the formation of trade unions, and the development of universal public education were among the drastic social changes that accompanied the spread of industrialization and urbanization in the 19th century.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This prompted the Romans to invade and subdue the island, first with Julius Caesar's raid in 55 BC, and then the Emperor Claudius' conquest in the following century.
  • Cities and Towns - Hometown England 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC hometownengland.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1826 the aggregate value of the imports into and exports from the United Kingdom amounted to no more than £88,758,678; while the total rose to £110,559,538 in 1836 and to £205,625,831 in 1846. In 1856 the aggregate of imports and exports had risen to £311,764,507, in 1866 to £534,195,956 and in 1876 to £ 6 3 1 ,931,3 0 5. Thus the commercial transactions of the United Kingdom with foreign states and British colonies increased more than sevenfold in the course of fifty years.^ Thus the commercial transactions of the United Kingdom with foreign states and British colonies increased more than sevenfold in the course of fifty years.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British exports to the Balkans increased greatly.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ United Kingdom (application No.
  • EPIC --- Privacy and Human Rights Report 2006 - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.worldlii.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Country.
1890.
1895.
1900.
1905.
1909.
I. - BRITISH POSSESSIONS -
£
£
£
£
India and Ceylon Imports
Exports
37,856,598
38,254,769
31,076,761
27,519,909
32,861,217
32,885,147
40540,341
45,796,432
40,995,633
46,617,909
Straits Settlements,Malaysia Imports
6,412,865
5,404,887
8,092,057
7,222,215
8,948,582
and Hong Kong. Exports
5
5,766,059
4,077,436
6,162,526
7,162,908
7,455,726
Africa. Imports
) Exports
11,290,022
10,744,904
12,522,366
13,325,089
9,703,086
16,725,092
14,755,353
21,338,292
13,130.724
20,181,408
Canada and Newfoundland
5 Imports
12,444,489
13,400,570
22,240,325
26,204,205
27,674,340
.
Exports
8,272,743
6,594,903
9,659,238
14,267,967
18,750,970
West Indies, Bermudas,Hon- Imports
2,992,472
2,831,343
2,483,648
2,717,318
2,969,772
duras and Guiana.. Exports
4,262,669
3,230,189
2,954,477
3,324,665
3,777,244
Australia S Imports
A
20,992,185
24,954,779
23,800,820
26,968,977
32,655,709
? Exports
281:374507:473005
15,867,979
23,545,565
19,476,463
27,207,430
New Zealand. 5 Imports
Exports
3,705,428
8,383,058
3,443,688
11,615,881
5,899,292
13,391,222
6,994,806
17,730,556
8,081,422
Other } Imports
t Exports
1,720,583
3,826,012
1,952,431
3,095,184
2,287,537
4,252,072
3,731,132
4,351,367
2,800,939
4,246,362
II. FOREIGN COUNTRIES -
France. S Imports
7 Exports
44,828,148
24,710,803
47,470,583
20,324,998
53,618,656
25,877,453
53,072,900
23,232,663
50,690,785
31,515,320
Germany Imports
Exports
26,073,331
30,516,281
26,992,559
32,736,651
31,181,667
38,542,790
35,799,758
42,742,300
40,115,450
47,168,852
Belgium Imports
B Exports
17,383,776
13,594,966
17,545,169
11,934,653
23,502,603
14,846,307
27,751,288
14,818,923
29,217,560
19,284,791
Holland Imports
) Exports
25,900,924
28,419,944
31,381,023
35,481,059
37,371,702
16,445,992
11,272,258
14,931,090
14516,887
16,303,884
Denmark, Faeroe, Iceland, SImports
7,753,389
9,799,328
13,187,757
15,606,991
19,427,483
Greenland. .. Exports
2,928,006
3,135,122
4724,121
4,609,671
5,705,415
Norway ! Imports
-
3,831,727
5,756,018
5,954,870
6,574,319
Exports
2,532,050
3,910,982
3,712,532
3,835,436
Sweden. ., Imports
S
Exports
-
-
8,784,256
4,036,729
20,635,060
6,495,223
9,827,993
6,016,332
9,245,303
7,114,071
Imports
Austria-Hungary Exports
1,728,337
1,694,318
1,221,783
2,149,552
1,375,245
3,157,716
1,488,604
2,603,223
1,208,499
4,333,269
Rumania Imports
R
)
4,447,159
2,118,505
1,396,639
1689,513
3,395,474
' Exports
2,350,497
944,034
616,287
1,305,658
1,749,996
Greece } Imports
1,962,798
1,241,406
2,227,212
1,328,234
1,613,174
1 Exports
1,235,126
860,193
1,104,196
1,251,642
1,513,744
Italy Imports
3,093,918
3,132,720
3417790
3,324,595
3,634,073
.
Exports
8,523,209
6,211,337
9444498
9,787,306
13,274,764
Imports
Spain Exports
P
12,508,533
5,702,80
57 4
11,314,518
4,052,806
15,882,346
6,333,857
13,858,631
4,841,774
13,362,959
5,352,017
51mports
Portugal Exports
2,942,194
2,612,638
2,491,926
1,865,973
3,241,367
2,529,305
2,929,634
2,826,257
2,912,994
2,777,201
Russian Empire Imports
) Exports
23,750,868
8,846,054
24,736,919
10,686,333
21,983,952
16,360,475
33,366,234
14,884,050
36,897,746
28,325,844
Turkey Imports
Exports
8,368,8511
7,340,8681
5,630,240
5,566,187
5,657,627
5,372,956
5,491,443
6,979,147
5,085,435
7,789,432
Imports
1,024,993
1,143,382
1,540,526
1,860,313
4,232,716
Japan Exports
4,187,373
4,772,829
9,933,925
9,796,900
8,618,821
Chi } Imports
China
4,830,850 2
3343,865 22
2,359,821
2,340,3a63
3,725,502
? Exports
6,763,221 2
5363,536 2
5,634,313
13,298,828 3
8,558,275
Netherlands - India } Imports
t Exports
1,223,037
1,675,054
874,313
1,988,479
287,454
2,881,601
2,129,479
3,558,562
2,436,518
3,768,264
} Imports
8,368,851
9,524,507
12,585,578
14,976,188
19,872,288
Egypt
. (Exports
3,459,991
3,414,556
6,159,468
8,069,668
8,142,325
U.S.A.
97,283,349
86,548,860
138,789,261
115,573,051
118,269,777
t Exports
46,340,012
44,067,703
37,343,955
47,282,088
59,254,166
Mexico andCentral American Imports
1,863,284
1,443,345
1,144,590
2,138,574
2,595,356
States Exports
s
3,050,051
3,035,097
3,149,652
3,022,074
3,179,577
Brazil 51Imports
Exports
4,350,675
7,795,073
3,614,155
7,643,739
5,946,547
6,156,600
8,109,208
6,916,617
11,271,890
8,809,226
Argentina } Imports
1 Exports
4,129,802
8,530,427
9,084,497
5,480,848
13,080,466
7,438,238
25,034,325
13,383,835
32,528,446
19,202,496
Chile 51mports
3,473,348
3,436,142
4,828,371
6,068,031
6,607,415
Exports
3,365,824
3,454,332
3,535,736
4,782,382
5,054,144
Other countries in Asia Imports
1 Exports
376,969
516,846
344,895
720,350
373,344
684,440
611,096
699,556
1 ,043,280
1,214,041
Africa 51mports
Exports
2,345,843
3,262,462
1,683,319
3,052,023
2,503,823
4,686,727
2,901,281
6,063,114
4,538,518
7,783,508
South America. Imports
Exports
2,080,466
5,674,325
2,437,294
4,489,592
2,355,802
4,088,731
3,897,595
5,129,351
5,657,201
6,137,748
Other countries Imports
3,206,713
3,447,034
3,190,888
6,289,947
4,260,790
5 Exports
6,605,220
3901,551
6,370,943
8,352,264
7,440,065
Total for British possessionsImports
100,279,852
100,405,592
113,074,557
134,530,683
146,908,244
' Exports
94,522,469
76,138,896
102,083,109
122,712,920
136,318,471
Total for foreign countries } Imports
3 2 4,53 0 ,7 8 3
321,038,151
413,434,242
437,151,191
477,796,713
t Exports
2 33,7 2 9, 6 49
209,693,511
252,290,645
284,883,607
333,206,695
Grand total S Imports
Exports
420,691,997
328,252,118
416,689,658
285,832,407
523,075,163
354,373,754
565,019,917
407,596,527
624,704,957
469,525,166
1895.
1900.
1905.
1909.
£
£
£
Cotton yarn and manufactures .
6 3,74 6 ,4 6 3
6 9,75 0, 2 79
92,010,985
93,444,799
Iron and steel and manufactures .
19,428,383 2
31,6 2 3,353 2
3 1, 826 43 8
38,192,142
Woollen yarn and manufactures
2 9, 0 94,5 68
24259,7 66
29,916,807
30,917,807
Coal
14,600,326
36,409,614
2 4, 8 59 12 9
37,129,978
Machinery. .. ... .
15,150,522
19.619.784
23,260,326
28,057,643
Chemicals. ... .
11 ,4 6 3,3 0 4
1 3, 1 54,344
1 4,53 6, 8 57.J
16,783,019
Textiles (not cotton or wool) .
11,986,718
12,191,069
1 3, 20 4, 8 99
12,441,525
Metal manufactures (not iron)
5,048,588
6.473,197
8,920,533
8,708,945
Clothing. .. .. .
5,615,594
6,499,086
6,021,242
9,824,125
Leather and leather goods. .
3,833,980
3,875,683
5,660,494
4,242,356
Ships. .. .. .. .
-
8,587,710
5,431,298
5,927,114
.An important fact in connexion with the foreign commerce of the United Kingdom is that there has been a steady increase in imports, but there has been no corresponding steady increase in exports of British produce and manufactures.^ British exports to the Balkans increased greatly.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He analyzed what was important and what was not in British foreign policy.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Kazuo Ishiguro offers another viewpoint, that of a Japanese author working in the United Kingdom and writing on British themes such as social class.

.Many industries, which formerly were mainly in British hands, have been developed on the continent of Europe, in America, and to some extent in the East.^ Many industries, which formerly were mainly in British hands, have been developed on the continent of Europe , in America, and to some extent in the East.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The numbers of persons employed in the other principal textile industries in 1901 was as follows: Commerce.-British commerce received an enormous development after the first quarter of the 19th century.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Empire was not better than the alternatives but it was better than what the colonies had before, mainly because they were stuck in pre-industrial state.
  • xkcd • View topic - The British Empire, good or bad? 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

.The movement began in 1872. Up to that time the exports of British home produce had kept on increasing with the imports, although at a lesser rate, and far inferior in aggregate value; but a change took place in the latter year.^ The movement began in 1872.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British exports to the Balkans increased greatly.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Up to that time the exports of British home produce had kept on increasing with the imports, although at a lesser rate, and far inferior in aggregate value; but a change took place in the latter year.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While the imports continued their upward course, gradually rising from £354,693,624 in 1872 to £375, 1 54,7 0 3 in 1876, the exports of British produce fell from £256,257,347 in 1872 to £ 200,639,204 in 1876. The decline in exports, regular and steady throughout the period, and with a tendency to become more pronounced every year, affected all the principal articles of British Wool. The value of the chief articles and groups of export of home produce are similarly shown: The proportion of imports and exports per head of population of the United Kingdom was: - As regards fluctuations not revealed by the above figures, it may be mentioned that the highest total figures for any one year during the period covered are those for 1907, viz.^ Exports of imported Wool.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium .
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See more stations in United Kingdom .
  • Vacancy: ADMINISTRATION an..., Chiswick, United Kingdom - TEFL.com 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.tefl.com [Source type: General]

imports £645,807,942; exports £517,977,167. .As to minima within the period, the lowest totals for British possessions were: imports £91,851,534 in 1893, and exports, the figure quoted for 1895; for foreign countries, imports £312,836,644 in 1893, and exports £195,133,239 in 1894; grand totals, imports £ 4 0 4 ,688,178 in 1893, and exports £273,785,867 in 1894. It may be added that the maximal import figures for France within the period are those of 1906 (£53,871,661), for Germany those of 1909, and for the United States those of 1901 (£141,015,465).^ As to minima within the period, the lowest totals for British possessions were: imports £91,851,534 in 1893, and exports, the figure quoted for 1895; for foreign countries, imports £312,836,644 in 1893, and exports £195,133,239 in 1894; grand totals, imports £ 4 0 4 ,688,178 in 1893, and exports £273,785,867 in 1894.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Total for foreign countries } Imports .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be added that the maximal import figures for France within the period are those of 1906 (£53,871,661), for Germany those of 1909, and for the United States those of 1901 (£141,015,465).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For exports to the United States the figures for 1909 were highest, to France those of 1907 (£33,5 0 7,544) and to Germany those of 1907 (£56,729,988).^ Charges may be significantly higher than those assessed in the United States.
  • United Kingdom and Gibraltar (England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland) 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Previous convictions or current indictment for violations of United States or United Kingdom export control laws or regulations as considered by the United States Government; .
  • Implementing Arrangement Pursuant to the Treaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States, Germany, France, and the Netherlands are the main trading partners, and the Commonwealth countries are also important.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Great Britain Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Great Britain 14 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1895.
1900.
1905.
1909.
£
£
£
£
Grain and flour
53,077,981
62,992,082
70,057,290
83,107,421
Meat
33,334,171
4 6 ,7 $2 ,579
49,43 1 ,74 8
47,623,428
Other principal articles of food and
drink
Butter. .. .. .. .
14,235,230
1 7,45 0 ,435
21,586,622
22,424,962
Sugar. .. .. ... .
17,684,413
1 9, 2 5 6 ,439
1 9,47 1, 811
21,691, 894
Tea. .. .. .. .
10,242,999
10,686,910
9,302,713
11,617,031
Wine
5,448,088
5,192,909
4,072,199
3,746,489
Coffee
3,778,305
2,544,726
2,578,327
2,075,516
Fish (preserved)
2,289,260
2,895,330
2,493,876
2,509,573
Cocoa and chocolate. .. .
1,610,483
2,398,248
2,227,141
903,464
Principal fruits
Apples. .. .. .. .
960,273
1,224,657
2,065,193
2,007,911
Oranges. .. .. .
1,925,415
2,120,790
1,949,496
2,522,491
Bananas. .. .. .
-
548,956
1,770,256
1,752,190
Tobacco. .. ... .
3,353,916
4,799,417
3,721,920
4986,663
Raw materials
Cotton
30,522,016
41,117,308
52,370,878
60,295,049
Wool
28,494,249
2 4, 0 73,9 1 7
26, 6 4 8 ,737
35,041,766
Oils, &c.
18,497,573
2 3,5 6 4, 6 44
23,600,927
31,039,883
Wood and timber.. .
16,372,181
2 7, 8 75,9 1 3
2 3, 2 74, 020
23,591,579
Textile materials excluding cotton
and wool. .. ... .
11,378,608
11,553,114
14,511,978
12,127,707
Caoutchouc. .. .. .
3,760,178
6,986,133
9, 6 43, 1 53
14,138,204
Hides and skins
7,360,070
8,465,660
8,084,793
11,617,756
Metallic ores excluding iron. .
4,575,929
5,575,272
7,610,990
8,327,193
Iron ore, &c.. ... .
3,027,196
5,750,947
5,525,575
5,076,131
Manufactured articles
Yarns and textile fabrics .
-
-
39,688,418
29,651,658
Metal, excluding iron and steel .
11,196,315
21,844,683
21,840,696
24,346,328
Leather. .. ... .
11,035,870
11,823,132
11,037,983
11,617,130
Chemicals. .
8,714,360
8,628,279
9,624,638
10,596,593
Iron and steel (not machinery)
-
7,314,696
8 ,5 8 9,4 0 5
7,971,594
Paper. .. .. ... .
2,845,730
4,412,440
5,256,065
5,647,437
Machinery. .. ... .
-
3,475,887
4,537,871
4,438,336
.The following table presents the value of the chief groups and articles of importation into the United Kingdom: - Certain omissions are necessary in this table owing to alterations in classification of the returns.^ The United Kingdom stood shoulder to shoulder with the United States following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the U.S., and its military forces are, after U.S. forces, the second largest contingent of the coalition force in Afghanistan.
  • United Kingdom (10/09) 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exchange of Notes Between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway concerning the creation of certain trawler-free zones in areas adjacent to the present Norwegian fishery limit.
  • FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Fishery Legislation 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC firms.fao.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United Kingdom's Celtic languages are also spoken by small groups around the globe, mainly Gaelic in Nova Scotia, Canada , and Welsh in Patagonia, Argentina .

1 Adapted from the Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, where it is specified that the value of new ships and boats, with their machinery, was not included in exports before 1899.
.411 to £23,020,719; iron and steel from £35,99 6, 16 7 to £20,737,410; coals from £10,442,321 to £8,904,463; machinery from £8,201,112 to £ 7,210,426; and linen manufactures from £10,956,761 to £7,070,149. The decline during the four years, it will be seen, was greatest in all textile manufactures, and least in coal and machinery.^ Industry: Types --steel, heavy engineering and metal manufacturing, textiles, motor vehicles and aircraft, construction (6% of GDP), electronics, chemicals.
  • United Kingdom (10/09) 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main exports are machinery, chemicals, textiles, clothing, autos and trucks, iron and steel, locomotives, ships, jet aircraft, farm machinery, drugs, radio, TV, radar and navigation equipment, scientific instruments, arms, whisky.
  • United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trade deficits, incurred as the value of food imports exceeded the value of exports such as textiles, iron, steel, and coal, were overcome by income from shipping, insurance services, and foreign investments.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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The table' on p. .602 shows the subsequent movement in value of imports from other countries to the United Kingdom, and of exports to other countries from the United Kingdom, at quinquennial intervals; bullion and specie being excluded.^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a highly developed constitutional monarchy composed of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland.
  • United Kingdom and Gibraltar (England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland) 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The administrative geography of the United Kingdom is complex, multi-layered and non-uniform as each country of the United Kingdom has its own system of administrative and geographic demarcation with origins that pre-date the United Kingdom itself.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For the purpose of showing the relative importance of British and Irish ports falling below the list, the following figures may be quoted for 1909 only: Methil, entered 824,375 tons, cleared 1,105,048 tons; Harwich, entered 792,980, cleared 776,595; Grangemouth, entered 988,007, cleared 1,064,217; Burntisland, entered 609,722, cleared 815,507; Bristol, entered858,933, cleared 615,266; Goole, entered 815,177, cleared 817,226; Hartlepool, entered 934, 8 3 6, cleared 730,141; Newhaven, entered 385,313, cleared 376,083; Folkestone, entered 364,524, cleared 359,697; Belfast, entered 490,51 3, cleared 165,670; Borrowstounness (Bo'ness), entered 3 01 ,549, cleared 292,194; Dublin, entered 219,081, cleared 80,868; Cork, entered 146,724, cleared 7413; Maryport and Workington, entered 118,388, cleared 67,494 The figures for Plymouth have included vessels which call "off" the port to embark passengers, &c., by tender only since 1907; for 1909 they were: entered, 1,455,605; cleared, 1,292,244.
.The table at the commencement of page 605 shows the total tonnage of vessels entered from and cleared to British possessions and foreign countries at ports in the United Kingdom, and also the nationality of vessels under British and the principal foreign flags.^ Total for foreign countries } Imports .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parliament is the national legislature of the United Kingdom.

^ The table at the commencement of page 605 shows the total tonnage of vessels entered from and cleared to British possessions and foreign countries at ports in the United Kingdom, and also the nationality of vessels under British and the principal foreign flags.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Out of the following totals steam vessels had an aggregate tonnage of 30,604,578 entered and 31,080,481 cleared in 1890, and 64,327,508 entered and 64,968,655 cleared in 1909. The total tonnage of vessels entered and cleared coastwise was as follows: (1890), 47,73 8, 612 entered, Owing to an alteration in classification these figures are not strictly comparable with those for 1905.
Year.
Total Imports.
Exports of British
Produce.
£
s.
d.
£
s. d.
1890
11
4
6
7
0
7
1895
10
12
6
5
1 5
4
1900
12
14
3
7
1
6
1905
13
I
5
7
12
7
1906
13
18
5
8
12
0
1907
14
12
6
9
1 3
3
1908
13
6
3
8
9
4
1909
13
17
7
8
8
1
home produce just enumerated. .The value of the cotton manufactures exported sank from L80,164,155 in 1872 to L67,641,268 in 1876; woollen fabrics from £38,493, The tables on p.^ GDP growth slipped in 2001-03 as the global downturn, the high value of the pound, and the bursting of the "new economy" bubble hurt manufacturing and exports.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- United Kingdom 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.travlang.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although old export industries such as coal mining and cotton manufacturing remained depressed, other industries, such as electrical engineering, automobile manufacture, and industrial chemistry, were developed or strengthened.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Great Britain Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Great Britain 14 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.604 show the value of unregistered imports of golc_ _ nd silver bullion and specie from British possessions and from foreign countries into the United Kingdom, specifying the most important countries individually..^ He analyzed what was important and what was not in British foreign policy.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ DEFENSE AND FOREIGN RELATIONS The United Kingdom is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is one of NATO's major European maritime, air, and land powers; it ranks third among NATO countries in total defense expenditure.
  • United Kingdom (10/09) 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the prairies of central Canada it possesses some of the most valuable wheat -producing land; in the grass lands of the interior of Australia the best pasture country; and in the uplands of South Africa the most valuable goldand diamond-bearing beds which exist.

Table of contents

Shipping

The table at foot of p. .604 shows the tonnage of vessels entered from and cleared to British possessions and foreign countries at the principal ports of the United Kingdom.^ DEFENSE AND FOREIGN RELATIONS The United Kingdom is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is one of NATO's major European maritime, air, and land powers; it ranks third among NATO countries in total defense expenditure.
  • United Kingdom (10/09) 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vessels entered and cleared (foreign and colonial trade): - In the coastwise trade, in 1881, 38,953 vessels of 4,545,904 tons entered; in 18 95, 43,7 0 4 vessels of 6,555,618 tons; but these figures include vessels trading within the Thames estuary (ports of London, Rochester , Colchester and Faversham ), which later returns do not.

^ The administrative geography of the United Kingdom is complex, multi-layered and non-uniform as each country of the United Kingdom has its own system of administrative and geographic demarcation with origins that pre-date the United Kingdom itself.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

42,317,876, cleared; (1895), 54,3 0 4,7 0 3 entered, 47,263,791 cleared; (1900), 55,828,569 entered, 54,425,666 cleared; (1905), 60,066,919 entered, 58,670,971 cleared; (1909), 60,566,043 entered, 60,060,979 cleared.
Year.
Sailing Vessels.
Steam Vessels.
Number.
Gross Tonnage.
Number.
Gross Tonnage.
1890
14,181
3,055,136
7,410
8,095,370
1895
12,617
3,040,194
8,386
9,952,211
7900
10,773
2,247,228
9,209
11,816,_.4
1905
10,059
1,796,826
10,552
14,883,594
7909
9,392
1,407,469
11,797
16,994,732
The number and gross tonnage of the registered sailing and steam vessels belonging to the United Kingdom were as follows at the end of each of the years named: These figures show not only that steamers have been rapidly taking the place of sailing vessels, but also that large steamers are preferred to small, their average tonnage having increased from 1092 tons in 1895 to 1440 in 1909.
.Railways.-The first ordinary roads deserving the name of highways were made about 1660, and canal-building began in 1 Newcastle, North Shields, South Shields.^ Petroleum was first discovered under the bed of the North Sea in 1970, and production began in 1975.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The terminus of the Great Central railway is Marylebone, in the road of that name.

^ The Portsmouth Road from the south-west is well marked as far as Lambeth, under the names of Wandsworth, High Street, St John's Hill, Lavender Hill and Wandsworth Road.

Blyth was included with North Shields till 1897. 'Swansea included Port Talbot till 1904.
the middle of the following century; but though roads and canals aided materially in raising the commercial and industrial activity of the nation, their fostering agency was very slight compared with that of railways, of which England is the birthplace. .The first line of railway for regular passenger service, that from Stockton to Darlington, 14 m.^ The Brentford railway station is less than a 15 minute walk, with regular services into London.
  • London lodging | Lodging in London United Kingdom | LodgingHunt.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC lodginghunt.com [Source type: General]

^ The first airlines ; in flight, history of: The airlines reequip ) airmail service ( in airmail ) coach introduction ( in coach ) railroads ( in railroad: Passenger cars ) roads .
  • United Kingdom -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

in length, was opened on the .27th of September 1825. The first really important railway was the line from Manchester to Liverpool, opened on the 15th of September 1830, when William Huskisson, M.P., was accidentally killed.^ The first really important railway was the line from Manchester to Liverpool , opened on the 15th of September 1830, when William Huskisson , M.P., was accidentally killed.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first important railroad line in the world was opened between Liverpool and Manchester in 1830.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even friends of the railway presaged that such outlay could not by any possibility be remunerative; but the contrary became evident from the moment the line was opened on the 17th of September 1838.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It took three years to get the bill for the London-Birmingham railway, which was passed at last in the session of 1833, obtaining the royal assent on the 8th of May.^ It took three years to get the bill for the London - Birmingham railway, which was passed at last in the session of 1833, obtaining the royal assent on the 8th of May.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It took over four years to construct the railway from London to Birmingham, at a cost exceeding £4,000,000.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Michael Duke narrowly missed out on the Top 8 of Grand Prix Birmingham last year, and is one of the leading traders in England.
  • Day 1 Coverage: 2009 Great Britain National Championship : Daily MTG : Magic: The Gathering 14 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wizards.com [Source type: General]

.The first sod of the great line was cut at Chalk Farm, London, on the 1st of June 1834. Enormous engineering difficulties had to be overcome, originating not so much from the nature of the ground as from intense public prejudice against the new mode of locomotion.^ The first sod of the great line was cut at Chalk Farm , London, on the 1st of June 1834.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enormous engineering difficulties had to be overcome, originating not so much from the nature of the ground as from intense public prejudice against the new mode of locomotion.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Out of this railway grew one of the largest companies, the London & North-Western; while the most extensive system as regards mileage, the Great Western, originated in a line from Paddington, London, to Bristol, for which an act of parliament was obtained in 1835, and which was opened in 1841.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It took over four years to construct the railway from London to Birmingham, at a cost exceeding £4,000,000. Even friends of the railway presaged that such outlay could not by any possibility be remunerative; but the contrary became evident from the moment the line was opened on the 17th of September 1838. All the great railway systems of England sprang into existence within less than ten years after the opening of the London-Birmingham line.^ Even friends of the railway presaged that such outlay could not by any possibility be remunerative; but the contrary became evident from the moment the line was opened on the 17th of September 1838.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the great railway systems of England sprang into existence within less than ten years after the opening of the London-Birmingham line.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It took over four years to construct the railway from London to Birmingham, at a cost exceeding £4,000,000.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Out of this railway grew one of the largest companies, the London & North-Western; while the most extensive system as regards mileage, the Great Western, originated in a line from Paddington, London, to Bristol, for which an act of parliament was obtained in 1835, and which was opened in 1841. In 1836 a bill passed the legislature erecting the "Great North of England" Railway Company, from which was developed the North-Eastern system.^ In 1836 a bill passed the legislature erecting the " Great North of England" Railway Company, from which was developed the North-Eastern system.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Out of this railway grew one of the largest companies, the London & North-Western; while the most extensive system as regards mileage, the Great Western, originated in a line from Paddington, London, to Bristol, for which an act of parliament was obtained in 1835, and which was opened in 1841.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A singular instance of overmastering anti-Catholic prejudice prevailing in the nation is supplied by the monument erected by the Corporation of London to commemorate the Great Fire of 1666.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: England (Since the Reformation) 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.A few years later other acts were passed, sanctioning the "Midland Counties" and the "North Midland" lines,.^ A few years later other acts were passed, sanctioning the "Midland Counties" and the "North Midland" lines,.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For that reason, Parliament passed the Act of Settlement "for a further provision of the succession of the Crown in the Protestant line."
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The king then had Anne Boleyn crowned , and an Act of Succession was passed next year with a preamble and an oath to be taken by every person of lawful age.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: England (Before the Reformation) 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

from which the present .Midland system grew.^ Midland system grew.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The total length of railways conveying passengers in the United Kingdom at the end of the year 1825 was 40 m., constructed at a cost of £ 120,000. Five years later, at the end of 1830, there were not more than 95 m., built at a cost of £840,925, but at the end of 1835 there were293 m., costingL5,648, 53 1. Thus, in the first five years of railway construction, from 18 25 to 1830, the mileage doubled; while in the second five years, from 1830 to 1835, it trebled.^ Mileage of Double or more lines .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The total length of railways conveying passengers in the United Kingdom at the end of the year 1825 was 40 m., constructed at a cost of £ 120,000.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, in the first five years of railway construction, from 18 25 to 1830, the mileage doubled; while in the second five years, from 1830 to 1835, it trebled.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It quintupled in the next five-yearly period, till the end of 1840,;when the total length of miles of railway in the kingdom had come to be 1435, built at a cost of £41,391,634, as represented by the paid-up capital of the various companies.^ Paid-up Capital.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It quintupled in the next five-yearly period, till the end of 1840,;when the total length of miles of railway in the kingdom had come to be 1435, built at a cost of £41,391,634, as represented by the paid-up capital of the various companies.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Five years later, at the end of 1830, there were not more than 95 m., built at a cost of £840,925, but at the end of 1835 there were293 m., costingL5,648, 53 1.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The next five years saw nearly another doubling of length of lines, for at the end of 1845 there were 2441 m.^ The next five years saw nearly another doubling of length of lines, for at the end of 1845 there were 2441 m.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Five years later, at the end of 1830, there were not more than 95 m., built at a cost of £840,925, but at the end of 1835 there were293 m., costingL5,648, 53 1.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though there is no minimum term for a Parliament, the Parliament Act (1911) requires that a new election must be called within five years of the previous general election.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

of railway created by a paid-up capital of £88,481,376.
1 8 90.
1895.
1900.
1905.
1909.
From British possessions
5,368,424
17,61 ,466
11 ,35 ,59 1
38,567,895
40,44212
South Africa. .
1,876,677
8,353,913
378,626
27,286,374
32,912,428
India
443,079
1,929,590
3,637,978
6,850,360
2,170,957
Australia .
1,398,627
5,324,498
6,182,718
3,440,037
2,613,002
Foreign countries
18,199,625
7$,390,863
74,840,282
4,949,335
14,227,617
Total .
23,568,049
36,009,329
26,190,873
43,5 1 7, 2 3 0
54,691,829
1890.
1895.
7900.
1905.
7909.
From British possessions .
J50,094
282,269
264,676
412,756
667,619
Foreign countries
10,035,565
10,384,063
13,057,624
12,579,258
1 1,147,270
United States of America
4,057,709
8,082,925
11,459,612
9,784,828
9,971,396
Total
10,385,659
10,666,332
13,322,300
12,992,014
11,814,889
1890.
1895.
1900.
1905.
7909.
Entered
London. Cleared
Tons.
7,7 08 ,7 0 5
Tons.
8 ,435, 6 7 6
Tons.
9,580,854
Tons.
10,814,115
Tons.
11,605,698
Liverpool and Bir- Entered
5,772,062
5,7 82 ,35 1
6,110,325
5,59 8 ,34 1
7,479, 0 0 8
6,001,563
7,913,115
7,806,844
8,622,316
7,747,994
kenhead Cleared
5, 1 59,45 0
4, 88 3, 1 99
5,77 8, 11 4
6,932,687
6,593,094
Cardiff Entered
3, 1 73, 6 99
3,739, 8 5 6
5, 1 3 2 ,5 2 3
4,337,7 20
5,771,476
Cleared
5, 6 4 1 ,5 11
6 ,5 00 ,5 10
7, 6 3 6 ,7 1 7
7.47 6, 8 79
8,888,756
Tyne Ports 1 Entered
Cleared
3,401,216
5,010,098
3,292,624
4,822,648
3, 8 97, 1 4 2
4,894,157
4,058,618
5,158,899
5,700,405
6,899,023
Southampton Entered
Cleared
888,352
813,133
1,420,531
1 ,3 28 ,393
1,613,913
1 ,395,4 86
2,087,277
1,888,030
4,279,052
4,108,063
Hull iEntered
Cleared
1 ,997, 1 3 8
1,655,996
2, 1 5 0, 6 54
1,612,385
2,666,598
2,274,137
2,546,064
2,102,160
3,517,953
3,164,156
Glasgow Entered
Cleared
1,121,700
1,697,662
1, 18 4,537
1,911,739
1 ,454, 860
2,229,574
1, 6 35, 60 9
2,836,462
1,917,144
3,160,916
Newport Entered
Cleared
920,560
1 ,3 16 ,43 0
871,886
1 ,374, 2 37
1,092,068
1 ,5 11 ,3 8 3
1,250,192
1 ,773, 161
1,548,258
2,105,509
Dover Entered
Cleared
789,846
767,724
742,940
734,334
973,074
964,476
2,928,741
2 ,944,774
1,636,530
1,631,751
Middlesbrough Entered
Cleared
833,562
623,967
953,985
875,059
1,096,130
882,156
1,227,017
1,092,958
1,728,385
1,586,148
Blyth 2. . Entered
Cleared
-
-
1,525,727
1,623,00
1,6 94,00 3
1,292,353
,836,503
Sunderland Entered
Cleared
725,859
956,266
730,396
1,002,552
800,027
1,163,310
981,606
1 ,344,999
1,357,201
1,676,777
Swansea 3 Entered
Cleared
565,644
858,215
580,481
931,588
1,018, 148
1 ,4 2 7,9 0 3
635,458
1 ,335, 1 34
1,020,480
1,719,654
Leith. Entered
Cleared
706,491
626,573
887,842
750,257
1,055,291
9$2,309
1,124,281
1, 08 5,734
1,344,898
1,314,361
Grimsby Entered
Cleared
663,513
689,165
763,892
829,837
931,238
960,236
1, 0 94,53 1
1, 0 74,495
1,289,476
1,334,566
Manchester Entered
Cleared
-
317,625
288,001
787,497
595,757
1, 1 33,0 0 3
970,620
1,275,937
1,067,835
1890.
1895,
1900.
1905,
1909..
Tons.
Tons.
Tons.
Tons.
Tons.
Total. .
. .
. Entered
36,835,712
40,001,691
49,9 1 3, 22 3
55, 62 3,974
66,309,519
(Cleared
37,44 8, 1 57
4 0 ,537,4 8 3
5 0, 182 ,439
56,416,760
66,958,163
British
Entered
- Cleared
26 ,777,955
2 7, 1 95, 1 57
2 9, 1 75, 282
2 9,5 16, 6 44
3 2, 1 35,745
32,147,060
35, 200, 8 69
35,762,218
39,661,660
40.102,311
German
S Entered
2, 161 ,53 6
1 ,94 0 ,35 8
2,966,426
4,298,769
6,766,591
Cleared
2,230,419
1,948,284
3,060,782
4,346,284
6,754,026
Norwegian
Entered
2 ,477,93 6
2, 60 4, 0 49
3, 8 39, 602
3,392,216
4,315,870
Cleared
2,522,865
2, 660 ,795
3,821,969
3,387,152
4,308,221
Swedish
Entered
3
783,045
990,728
1,788,844
2,114,028
2,456,144
Cleared
792,767
1,003,634
1,8 08 ,354
2,117,717
2,478,534
Danish
Entered
Cleared
901,819
952,183
961,730
990,006
1,735,288
1 ,759,5 0 9
2,106,717
2,123,830
2,889,986
2,886,731
Dutch
Entered
Cleared
952,695
948,196
1,150,098
1,156,936
1,600,317
1,613,45 0
1,949,161
1 ,957, 10 7
2,272,075
2,294,584
French
Entered
Cleared
834,039
852,935
929,250
909,493
1,417,128
1 ,4 0 5, 2 47
1 ,574,395
1 ,5 8 7,7 62
1,640,466
1,663,197
Spanish
Entered
' ? Cleared
631,629
644,431
645,210
682,184
1,309,915
1,399,332
1,462,488
1,471,300
1,477,199
1,499,319
Belgian
S Entered
Cleared
449,470
423,639
551,513
537,969
804,472
797,134
936,918
920,597
1,355,135
1,357,668
Entered
146,721
323,700
282,152
664,360
274,241
U.S.A.
Cleared
145,212
332,825
277,400
675,096
280,464
.Not far from a fresh trebling took place in the course of the next quinquennial period, and at the end of 1850 there were 6621 m.^ There were also a couple more corners to deal with but England managed to scrape these clear and ended with a victory that was undoubtedly well deserved over the course of the game.
  • Womens Football in England - Ladies Soccer Teams, news, match reports, players 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.football-england.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the next year the Danes went from Reading to London, and there took up their winter quarters.

^ Of course, the American league will be a brand new one and it looks as if there'll be a summer league here next year as well, which is a very positive move.
  • Womens Football in England - Ladies Soccer Teams, news, match reports, players 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.football-england.com [Source type: Original source]

of railways, constructed at the cost of £ 240,270,745.
.The construction of railways (especially in England) was undertaken originally by a vast number of small companies, each under separate acts of parliament.^ The Acts joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland (previously separate states , with separate legislatures but with the same monarch ) into a single United Kingdom of Great Britain .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701 , passed by the Parliament of England .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ England feared that under a separate monarch Scotland might ally itself with France, or worse still, permit a restoration of the Catholic heirs of James II-although a non-Protestant succession had been barred by the Scottish Parliament.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But it was soon discovered that there could be neither harmonious nor profitable working of a great many systems, and this led to a series of amalgamations (see under England; Ireland; Scotland).^ Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales and such.
  • For Sale : United Kingdom region geology publications, including Ireland. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.woodenski.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But it was soon discovered that there could be neither harmonious nor profitable working of a great many systems, and this led to a series of amalgamations (see under England ; Ireland ; Scotland ).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Redirected from United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland ) UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, the official title, since the ist of January 1801, of the political unity composed of England and Wales , Scotland and Ireland .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The number of passengers carried per mile in 1832 was 4860, but before ten more years were past the number of passengers had not only increased in proportion with the opening of new lines, but more than doubled per mile, and, instead of being under 5000, had in 1842 come to be near 12,000. In 1861 the number of passengers carried per mile of railway was 15,988; in 1876 it was 31,928; and in 1900 it was over 52,000.
.The two following tables illustrate the further development of railways in the United Kingdom: In 1909 the percentage of working expenses to total receipts was 63 in England and Wales, 57 in Scotland and 62 in Ireland.^ The United Kingdom, composed of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, faces the northwestern edge of Europe.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom comprises four geographic and historical parts— England , Scotland , Wales , and Northern Ireland .
  • United Kingdom -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ England and Wales were formally united in 1536.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tramways.-An act passed in 1870 to facilitate the construction of tramways throughout the country marks the beginning of their modern development.^ There can be little doubt that the passing of the Relief Act was facilitated by the outbreak of the Revolution in France .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: England (Since the Reformation) 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not until the Elementary Education Act of 1870 was passed, however, did the development of publicly provided primary education begin.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It led to the laying down of "street railways" in many large towns.^ Avoid buying from the tourist areas and stick to the High Street shops or the many 'out-of-town' retail parks where prices will be considerably cheaper.
  • Europcar Car Rental in the UK - United Kingdom - Europcar Car Hire in Britain and Northern Ireland, Budget Car Rent in the UK, Vehicle Hire, Vehicle Rent, Drive Holiday, Car Travel Vacation - Drive Travel 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.drivetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to a return laid before the House of Commons in the session of 1878, the total length of tramways authorized by parliament up to the 30th of June 1877 was 363 m., and the total length opened for traffic 213 m., comprising 125 m.^ Disregarding the monarch, whose role in parliament is nowadays largely symbolic, it is bicameral, composed of the elected House of Commons and the House of Lords, whose members are now mostly appointed, but historically comprised mostly hereditary lords, or before the dissolution of the monasteries, clergy.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As spokesman in the House of Commons, Clarkson had lined up William Wilberforce, a wealthy, diminutive member of Parliament from Yorkshire, widely respected for his piety and eloquence.
  • Against All Odds | Mother Jones 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sovereignty rests in Parliament, which consists of the House of Commons, the House of Lords, and the crown.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

of double lines and 88 m. of single lines. .On the 30th of June 1900 there were in the United Kingdom 70 tramway undertakings with 585 m.^ The expense of maintaining such a floating armament must be colossal, and until within the decade 1890-1900 it was borne exclusively by the taxpayers of the United Kingdom.

^ There are fewer cases of infectious syphilis per year in men in England (194 cases in 1994) than there are clinics in the United Kingdom, 230.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There have been 12 monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

of line belonging to local authorities, while 107 with 592 m. of line belonged to other than local authorities. The capital ex penditure on the former amounted to £10,203,604, on the latter to £11,532,384.
Years
J ending
une 30.
Miles
open.
Paid-up
Capital.
Gross
Receipts.
Working
Expenses.
Passengers
carried during
year.
1890
948
13,502,026
3,214,743
2,402,800
526,369,328
18 95
982
14,111,521
3,733,690
2,878,490
661,760,461
1900
1117
20,582,692
5,445, 62 9
4, 0 75,35 2
1,065,374,347
1905
2117
51,501,410
9,917,026
6,565,049
2,068,913,226
1909
2526
7 0 ,345, 1 55
12, 6 4 1 ,437
8, 0 45, 6 5 8
2,659,981,136
The development of tramway enterprise in the United Kingdom, as shown by the mileage open, the paid-up capital, gross receipts, working expenses and number of passengers carried, has been as follows 1900, 1,749,804 * Excluding season-ticket holders, whose number in 1880 was 502,174; in and in England and Wales alone, in 1880, 449, 82 3; in 1900, 1,610,754.
Year.
Mileage.
Paid-up
Capital.
Number of
Passengers.*
Traffic Receipts.
Percentage of
Working Expenses
to Receipts.
Total.
Per Mile.
£
£
£
1860
10,433
348,130,127
163,435,678
27,766,622
2,661
47
1865
1 3, 2 9 8
455,47 8, 1 43
251,862,715
35,890,116
2,701
48
1870
1 5,537
5 2 9,9 08, 6 73
33 6 ,545,397
43,4 1 7, 0 7 0
2 ,794
48
1875
16,658
630,223,494
5 06 ,975, 2 34
5 8 ,9 82 ,753
3,54 1
54
1880
17,933
728,316,848
603,885,025
62,961,767
3,511
51
1885
19,169
815,858,055
6 97, 21 3, 0 3 1
66, 6 44,9 6 7
3,477
53
1890
20,073
897,472,026
81 7,744, 0 4 6
7 6 ,54 8 ,347
3, 81 3
54
1895
21,174
1,001,110,221
929,770,909
$1 ,39 6, 0 47
3, 8 44
56
1900
21,855
1,176,001,890
1,142,276,686
98,854,552
4,5 2 3
62
1905
22,847
1,272,601,000
1,199,022,102
105,131,709
4,601
62
1909
23,280
1,314,406,000
1,265,081,000
110,682,266
4,754
62
1909.
England and
Wales.
Scotland.
Ireland.
.Mileage of Double or more lines .^ Mileage of Double or more lines .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Single lines
10,746
5,299
1,580
2,264
670
2,721
£
£
£
Passenger traffic. .
43,9 1 9,7 02
5,080,603
2,204,756
Traffic
Total goods traffic.. .
5 0, 6 47,4 26
6,836,920
1,992,859
Receipts
Including-
Minerals .
24,837,682
3,286,074
281,63}
General merchandise .
2 4, 88 5,494
3, 2 99,5 88
1,392,600
Working expenditure
65,169,619
7,200,173
2,667,796
Net receipts .
37,979,313
5,4 8 9,579
1,667,572

Authorities

-The following publications relating to the .United Kingdom are issued annually in London (unless otherwise stated): Finance Accounts; Financial Estimates; Return showing Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland); National Debt Accounts; National Debt during 60 Years; Local Taxation Returns; Army Estimates; Army Accounts; Army List (quarterly); Navy Estimates; Navy List (quarterly); Royal Commission on Agriculture, Reports (1896); Mineral Statistics; Reports of Inspectors of Mines; Reports on Factories and Workshops; Reports of Inspectors of Fisheries; Return of Fish conveyed inland by rail; Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom; Statement of the Shipping and Navigation of the United Kingdom; Report of the Postmaster-General. Vital statistics: Reports of the registrars-general respectively for England, for Scotland (Edinburgh), for Ireland (Dublin); Census Reports (decennial, 1901, &c.^ Fishing in the United Kingdom: ISIC 05 .
  • Market Research United Kingdom 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.euromonitor.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Available Reports : $2 each unless otherwise noted.
  • For Sale : United Kingdom region geology publications, including Ireland. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.woodenski.com [Source type: Academic]

^ (Unless otherwise noted, first number is also the year the report was published).
  • For Sale : United Kingdom region geology publications, including Ireland. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.woodenski.com [Source type: Academic]

), .ditto; Education: Reports of the Board of Education for England and Wales; Report of the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland; Report of the Committee of Council on Education in Scotland; Electoral Statistics (London, 1905); Statistical Tables relating to Emigration and Immigration; Judicial Statistics of England and Wales, of Scotland, of Ireland; Local Government Reports, ditto; Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, in which the most important statistics are summarized for each of the fifteen years preceding the year of issue.^ The United Kingdom, composed of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, faces the northwestern edge of Europe.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom comprises four geographic and historical parts— England , Scotland , Wales , and Northern Ireland .
  • United Kingdom -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Union comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
  • Europcar Car Rental in the UK - United Kingdom - Europcar Car Hire in Britain and Northern Ireland, Budget Car Rent in the UK, Vehicle Hire, Vehicle Rent, Drive Holiday, Car Travel Vacation - Drive Travel 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.drivetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among books may be mentioned the following: Sir W. R. Anson, The Law and Custom of the Constitution (2 vols., 2nd ed., Oxford, 1892-1896); W. J. Ashley (edited by), British Industries (London, 1902); E. G. Boutmy, Le De'veloppement de la constitution et de la societe politique en Angleterre (2nd ed., Paris, 1897).^ Retrieved on 24 May 2006 London, by a considerable margin, is the most visited city in the world with 15.6 million visitors in 2006, ahead of 2nd placed Bangkok (10.4 million visitors) and 3rd placed Paris (9.7 million).
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Société et cadre de vie en France, Angleterre et Bourgogne : 1050-1250 / par Marie-Thérèse Lorcin.

^ Statistique morale de l'Angleterre et de la France / par A. -M. Guerry.

.Of this there is an English translation (from 1st ed.^ There was, however, no express prohibition to translate the Scriptures into English until the prohibition of the Provincial Synod of Oxford published in 1409.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: England (Before the Reformation) 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

) .In the next table further details are given for 1909: by I. M. Eaden (London, 1891); Etudes de droit constitutionel, France, Angleterre, Etats-Unis (Paris, 1885; Eng.^ The deeds specify details of the property, names of owners and tenants and other information about individual properties, streets, markets and other features of London.
  • Center for Research Libraries - Great Britain 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.crl.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Société et cadre de vie en France, Angleterre et Bourgogne : 1050-1250 / par Marie-Thérèse Lorcin.

^ Statistique morale de l'Angleterre et de la France / par A. -M. Guerry.

trans. by .E. M. Dicey, London, 1891); Brassey, The Naval Annual (Portsmouth, 1886 onwards); Cassell's Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (London, 1899); W. L. Clowes and other writers, History of the Royal Navy (London, 1896-1901); W. Cunningham, Growth of English Industry and Commerce (4th ed., London, 1904); A. V. Dicey, Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (5th ed., London, 1897); R. Donald (edited by) Municipal Year-book (London, annual); S. Eardley-Wilmot, Our Fleet To-day and its Development during the Last Half Century (London, 1900); Hon.^ The fact both will pass into history and others will rise says neither work(ed) and we learned nothing.
  • The British Empire - Debates & Discussions - Opera Community 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC my.opera.com [Source type: General]

^ December 13, 2009 MORE ON GREAT BRITAIN AND: TAXATION , BONUSES , BANKS AND BANKING Last Chance for Justice in Malaysia .
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative Records for Yorkshire Genealogists; Yorkshire: The Genealogists Library Guide 4 Stuart A. Raymond Great Britain, England, Guide Book Borrow GB ENG YKS GUIDE Y1.4 .

.J. W. Fortescue, History of the British Army (London, 1906); R. Giffen, Essays in Finance (London, 1880 and 1886); R. von Gneist, Das englische Parlament in tausendj¢hringen Wandel r ungen (Berlin, 1885; translated into English by A. H. Keane, History of the English Parliament, London, 1889); Englische Verfassungsgeschichte (Berlin, 1882; Eng.^ Additionally, Alfred promoted, and assisted in, the translation of Latin works into Old English and encouraged the compilation of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
  • ENGLAND 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1707, when Great Britain was created by the Act of Union between Scotland and England, English history became part of British history.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blair's decline did not translate into a Tory victory, in part because with Labour's guidance the British economy continued to show steady growth.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

trans. by .P. A. Ashworth, London, 5891); E. Hull, The Coalfields of Great Britain (London, 1905); J. E. T. Rogers, Industrial and Commercial History of England (London, 1892); J. Holt Schooling, The British Trade Book (London, 1908); Sir J. R. Seeley, The Growth of British Policy (2 vols., London, 1895); H. Taylor, The Origin and Growth of the English Constitution (2 vols., London, 1889-1899); A. Todd, Parliamentary Government in England (new ed., revised by S. Walpole, 2 vols., London, 1892).^ January 8, 2010 MORE ON GREAT BRITAIN AND: ECONOMICS , INTEREST RATES , ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND TRENDS , BANK OF ENGLAND , EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK Heavy Snow Causes Disruptions in Britain .
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the mid-1960s, however, Great Britain was forced to abandon this policy to a degree because of a persistent payments deficit and inflationary pressures.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almanach de la Noblesse de France (in English), 1997 Addington, A.C. The Royal House of Stuart: the descendants of King James VI of Scotland, James I of England , 3 Vols.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.British Military Forces. The forces of the British Crown may be classed as (a) the regular, or general service, army, together with the Indian army; and (b) the home territorial force; while there are also certain forces controlled by the governments of the various selfgoverning dominions.^ Government vested in British crown 1833.

^ There are also in South Africa Malays and Indians and others, who during the last two hundred years have been introduced from Java, Ceylon, Madagascar, Mozambique and British India, and by intermarriage with each other and with the natives have produced a hybrid population generally classed together under the heading of the Mixed Races.

^ There are also in South Africa Malays and Indians and others, who during the last two hundred years have been introduced from Java , Ceylon, Madagascar , Mozambique and British India, and by intermarriage with each other and with the natives have produced a hybrid population generally classed together under the heading of the Mixed Races.

.The home government raises, pays and controls the regular army, its reserves, the territorial force, and some few details such as the militia of the smaller possessions, Indian native battalions employed on imperial service out of India, &c.^ India has its own native army, and pays for the maintenance within its frontiers of an imperial garrison.

^ Patients, who may opt for a particular physician, pay minimal charges for prescriptions, adult dental treatment, eyeglasses and dentures, and some locally administered services, such as vaccinations.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He leaves out of the discussion black colonial possessions such as Jamaica, the Bahamas, Montserrat.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.But the cost of that portion of the regular army which is in India is borne by the Indian government, which is not the case with the regulars serving in other colonies or in the dominions.^ Systems of justice throughout J the empire have a close resemblance to each other, and the judicial committee of the privy council , on which the self-governing colonies and India are represented, constitutes a supreme court of appeal (q.v.

^ Systems of justice throughout the empire have a close resemblance to each other, and the judicial committee of the privy council, on which the self-governing colonies and India are represented, constitutes a supreme court of appeal ( q.v.

^ Groundwork was laid for the independence of many other colonies; like India and Pakistan, most of them remained in the Commonwealth after independence.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Consequently the Indian government, unlike the colonial governments, can within limits dispose of the British paid regulars within its sphere.^ High commission created by order in council , giving jurisdiction over islands not included in other colonial governments, nor within jurisdiction of other civilized powers.

^ In the 19th century, many British colonies were granted limited self-government under the crown, and this autonomy increased with the creation of Dominions, the first of which was Canada (1867).
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ File contains all the communications between the Colonial office, which supervised the Mandate government, and British officials and High Commissions in Palestine.
  • Center for Research Libraries - Great Britain 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.crl.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Regular Arnzy.-The duties of the regular army are to garrison India and overseas colonies, to garrison Great Britain and Ireland, and to find expeditionary forces of greater or less strength for war in Europe or elsewhere.^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

^ THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND House of Windsor (Wettin) The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, (more commonly, known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain - House of Windsor 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC almanachdegotha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This view was definitely expressed at the Colonial Conference at Ottawa in 1894, and was one of the factors which led to the relinquishment of the demand that in return for colonial concessions there should be an imposition on the part of Great Britain of a differential duty upon foreign goods.

.The principles upon which the reorganization of1905-1908was based are: (a) that in peace the army at home must be maintained at such an effective standard that all necessary drafts for the army abroad shall be forthcoming, without undue depletion of the army at home; (b) the home army on mobilization for service should be brought up to war strength by the recall of reservists in sufficient, but not too great, numbers; (c) the wastage of a campaign shall be made good by drafts partly from the remaining army reserve, but above all from the militia, now converted into the special reserve; and (d) the volunteers and yeomanry, reorganized into the territorial force, shall be responsible, with little regular help, for the defence of the home country, thus freeing the regular army at home for general service.^ And there's another country, I've heard of long ago, Most dear to them that love her, most great to them that know; We may not count her armies, we may not see her King; Her fortress is a faithful heart, her pride is suffering; And soul by soul and silently her shining bounds increase, And her ways are ways of gentleness, and all her paths are peace.

^ France fell in June, 1940, but the heroic rescue of a substantial part of the British army from Dunkirk (May-June) enabled Britain, now virtually alone, to remain in the war.
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1813 the trade of India was, however, thrown open to competition, and in 1846, after the introduction of free trade at home, the principal British colonies which had not yet at that date received the grant of responsible government were specially empowered to abolish differential duties upon foreign trade.

.The first of these conditions entirely, the second largely, and even indirectly the third and fourth depend upon the recruiting, establishments and terms of service of the regular army.^ All these native states have come into relative dependency upon Great Britain as a result of conquest or of treaty consequent upon the annexation of the neighbouring provinces.

^ I had to download its entire first and second season and of course being a 16 year old girl, I'm a teeny weeny bit obsessed with Wentworth Miller.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During this period, the entire British army consisted of 140,000 soldiers, a fourth to a third of which were stationed in India.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.These last are a compromise between the opposite needs of short service, producing large reserves, and long service, which minimizes the seatransport of drafts; they are also influenced by the state of the labour market at any given moment, as recruiting is voluntary.^ Seeley looked at the United States and at Russia and concluded that large states were not only possible, but that indeed, they were the trend of the future, they represented political modernity.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Greeks believed that communities became unmanageable when they became too large, thus, the city-state was the ideal pattern.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Based on current UK coal consumption, these volumes represent reserves that could last the UK between 200 and 400 years.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To enable the authorities to deal with these conditions, the secretary of state for war may without special legislation vary the terms of enlistment, not only in general but also for the various arms and branches.^ Without war no State could be.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To enable the authorities to deal with these conditions, the secretary of state for war may without special legislation vary the terms of enlistment, not only in general but also for the various arms and branches.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These miners work in extremely harsh conditions, without training, equipment or protection; fatal accidents and serious injuries occur regularly."
  • Z Space - Robert Miller 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the South African War, several different terms were tried for the line infantry and cavalry, but these experiments proved that the terms formerly prevailing, viz.^ After the South African War, several different terms were tried for the line infantry and cavalry , but these experiments proved that the terms formerly prevailing, viz.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the end of the century the country was entangled in the South African War (1899-1902).
  • Great Britain News - Breaking World United Kingdom News - The New York Times 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These lines, especially the southern lines, the Great Eastern, Great Northern and South-Western carry a very heavy suburban traffic.

7 years with the colours and 5 in the reserve, were the most convenient. .In the Horse and Field Artillery the term is 6 and 6, in the Household Cavalry and the Garrison Artillery 8 and 4, and in the Foot Guards 3 and 9. Engineers and other specialists are recruited on various terms.^ Engineers and other specialists are recruited on various terms.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "strategical" cavalry is a division of 4 brigades (12 regiments or 36 squadrons), with 2 brigades (4 batteries) of horse artillery, 4 "field troops" and wireless company R.E., and ambulances and supply columns.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Horse and Field Artillery the term is 6 and 6, in the Household Cavalry and the Garrison Artillery 8 and 4, and in the Foot Guards 3 and 9.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A certain number, again varying from year to year, almost from month to month, are allowed to engage for the full 12 years with the colours (long service).^ A certain number, again varying from year to year, almost from month to month, are allowed to engage for the full 12 years with the colours (long service).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Russian commander Eduard Ivanovich Totleben created a system of fortifications that allowed the city to withstand a year-long siege that decimated the British forces.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Number of years Britain's Prince Charles has farmed organically: 12 .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Thus in 1907-1908, 1551 men were serving on a 12-year colour engagement, 24,856 on a term of 7 years colours and 5 reserve, 3589 on a 6 and 6 term, 3449 on 3 and 9 engagement, 45 2 9 for other terms, out of a total of 37,974 recruits or soldiers signing fresh engagements.^ Thus in 1907-1908, 1551 men were serving on a 12-year colour engagement, 24,856 on a term of 7 years colours and 5 reserve, 3589 on a 6 and 6 term, 3449 on 3 and 9 engagement, 45 2 9 for other terms, out of a total of 37,974 recruits or soldiers signing fresh engagements.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The army reserve, formed of men who have served wit h the colours, consists of four classes.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Engineers and other specialists are recruited on various terms.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Percentage
Year.
Recruits
offering.
Recruits
approved.
Percentage
approved.
of Recruits
to Strength
of Army.
Oct. 1903-Oct. 1904
89,824
42,041
46.8
14.6
Oct. 1904-Oct. 5905
81,045
35,551
43'9
1305
Oct. 1905-Oct. 1906
8 3, 1 55
36,380
43'5
14
Oct. 1906-Oct. 1907
7 2, 8 55
34,710
47'6
14.25
Oct. 1907-Oct. 1908
77,526
37,222
47'9
54.05
Oct. 1908-Oct. 1909
75, 6 3 0
33,766
44.7
13.6
Strength.
Establishment.
Staff and departments, &c.
3,293
3,392
On regimental strength
Home
128,412
130,714
India
77,866
76,009
Colonies
47,127
44,981
Total. ... .
253,004
253,405
.The following figures show the inflow of recruits: The army consists of about 250,000 officers and men of the regular forces on full pay, distributed (October 1909) as follows: By units, it is composed of 3 regiments of Household Cavalry, 7 regiments of Dragoon Guards, 3 of Dragoons, 6 of Lancers and 12 of Hussars (total cavalry, 31 regiments); 4 regiments of Foot Guards of 9 battalions, 51 English and Welsh, to Scottish and 8 Irish line infantry and rifle regiments (total infantry, 149 battalions); the Royal Regiment of Artillery, divided into Royal Horse and Field Artillery, and Royal Garrison Artillery-the R.H.A. consisting of 28 batteries, the R.F.A. of 150 batteries, the R.G.A. of loo companies (told off to garrisons, siege train and heavy field batteries) and 8 batteries mountain guns; the Corps of Royal Engineers, organized into mounted field troops, field companies, fortress, telegraph, railway, searchlight, balloon, wireless companies and bridging train; the Army Service Corps, divided into transport, supply, mechanical-transport and other companies and sections; the Royal Army Medical Corps of 35 companies; the Army Ordnance Corps; the Army Veterinary Corps; Army Post Office Corps (formed on mobilization only) and Army Pay Corps.^ The "strategical" cavalry is a division of 4 brigades (12 regiments or 36 squadrons), with 2 brigades (4 batteries) of horse artillery, 4 "field troops" and wireless company R.E., and ambulances and supply columns.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Indian army consists of 138 battalions of infantry, 10 regiments of cavalry, 16 mountain batteries, i garrison artillery company, 32 sapper and miner companies (2 railways companies included).
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following figures show the inflow of recruits: The army consists of about 250,000 officers and men of the regular forces on full pay, distributed (October 1909) as follows: By units, it is composed of 3 regiments of Household Cavalry, 7 regiments of Dragoon Guards, 3 of Dragoons, 6 of Lancers and 12 of Hussars (total cavalry, 31 regiments); 4 regiments of Foot Guards of 9 battalions, 51 English and Welsh, to Scottish and 8 Irish line infantry and rifle regiments (total infantry, 149 battalions); the Royal Regiment of Artillery, divided into Royal Horse and Field Artillery, and Royal Garrison Artillery-the R.H.A. consisting of 28 batteries, the R.F.A. of 150 batteries, the R.G.A. of loo companies (told off to garrisons, siege train and heavy field batteries) and 8 batteries mountain guns; the Corps of Royal Engineers, organized into mounted field troops, field companies, fortress, telegraph , railway, searchlight, balloon , wireless companies and bridging train; the Army Service Corps, divided into transport, supply, mechanical-transport and other companies and sections; the Royal Army Medical Corps of 35 companies; the Army Ordnance Corps; the Army Veterinary Corps; Army Post Office Corps (formed on mobilization only) and Army Pay Corps.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, there are the following colonial troops under the home government :-West India Regiment, 2 battalions; Royal Malta Artillery, 2 garrison companies; West African Frontier Force, 2 batteries, 1 garrison company, 1 battalion M.I., 6 battalions infantry; and King's African Rifles (East Africa), 5 battalions, besides the Indian troops in imperial services.^ Early in the summer of 1899, when hostilities in South Africa appeared to be imminent, the governments of the principal colonies took occasion to express their approval of the South African policy pursued by the imperial government, and offers were made by the governments of India, the Australasian colonies, Canada, Hong-Kong, the Federal Malay states, some of the West African and other colonies, to send contingents for active service in the event of war.

^ In the Indian Ocean there are, besides the colonies already mentioned, Rodriguez, the Chagos Islands, St Brandon Islands, Amirante Islands, Aldabra, Kuria Muria Islands, Maldive Islands and some other small groups.

^ The population is composed of English (major ethnic group), Scots, Irish, and Welsh and immigrants and their descendants from India, the West Indies, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Africa.
  • United Kingdom -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The army reserve, formed of men who have served wit h the colours, consists of four classes.^ The army reserve, formed of men who have served wit h the colours, consists of four classes.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section A, which receives extra allowances, is liable to be called up in a minor emergency; section B is the general reserve; section C, also part of the general reserve, consists of men who have been sent to the reserve prematurely; section D (which is often suspended) consists of men who at the expiry of their twelve years' engagement undertake a further four years' reserve liability.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God bless our coalition partners who, like the brave men and women of the US military, serve with honor, dignity, and courage.

.Sections A, B and C consist of men who are fulfilling the reserve portion of their original twelve years' liability.^ A twelve-year-old British boy who raped his special-needs teacher was sentenced to life in prison .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Section A, which receives extra allowances, is liable to be called up in a minor emergency; section B is the general reserve; section C, also part of the general reserve, consists of men who have been sent to the reserve prematurely; section D (which is often suspended) consists of men who at the expiry of their twelve years' engagement undertake a further four years' reserve liability.^ My boyfriend of two years who I wanted (and still want) to marry broke up with me about a month ago.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was further decided that conferences, to be called in future Imperial Conferences, between the home government and the governments of the self-governing dominions, should be held every four years, and that the prime minister of Great Britain should be ex officio president of the conference.

^ A twelve-year-old British boy who raped his special-needs teacher was sentenced to life in prison .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Strength and Ages of the Army Reserve (Oct.^ Strength and Ages of the Army Reserve (Oct.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1, 1909).
Section.
A.
B C.
D.
Total.
Infantry .
4,051
70,998
9,608
84,657
Cavalry .
-
8,894
1,229
10,123
R.H.
604
1 3, 8 49
1,571
16,024
K.G.A.. .
.
-
7,748
642
8,189
R.E.. .
.
415
4,200
406
5,021
Others. .
.
.
.
427
9,356
558
10,341
5,497
11 5, 0 45
14,014
134,556
Under 30. .
.
98,146
201
98,347
3 3 35
21,730
10,758
32,488
Over 35. .
.
.
.
666
3,055
3,721
120,542
14,014
134,556
.The special reserve, converted from the militia, consists of infantry, field and garrison artillery, the Irish Horse (late Yeomanry), engineers, and a few A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. Its object is to make good on mobilization deficiencies (so far as they may exist of ter the calling in of the army reserve) in the expeditionary or regular forces, and to repair the losses of a campaign.^ The special reserve, converted from the militia, consists of infantry, field and garrison artillery, the Irish Horse (late Yeomanry), engineers, and a few A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. Its object is to make good on mobilization deficiencies (so far as they may exist of ter the calling in of the army reserve) in the expeditionary or regular forces, and to repair the losses of a campaign.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To these duties of county associations are added that of supervising and administering cadet corps of all sorts (other than officers' training corps), and that of providing the extra horses required on mobilization, not only by the territorial force, but by the expeditionary force as well.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principles upon which the reorganization of1905-1908was based are: (a) that in peace the army at home must be maintained at such an effective standard that all necessary drafts for the army abroad shall be forthcoming, without undue depletion of the army at home; ( b ) the home army on mobilization for service should be brought up to war strength by the recall of reservists in sufficient, but not too great, numbers; ( c ) the wastage of a campaign shall be made good by drafts partly from the remaining army reserve, but above all from the militia, now converted into the special reserve; and ( d ) the volunteers and yeomanry , reorganized into the territorial force, shall be responsible, with little regular help, for the defence of the home country, thus freeing the regular army at home for general service.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It also acts as a feeder to the regular army.^ It also acts as a feeder to the regular army.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its establishment and strength on the 1st of October 1909 were 90,664 and 69,954 respectively, without counting in the latter figure 6172 militia and militia reserve men not then absorbed into the new organization.^ Its establishment and strength on the 1st of October 1909 were 90,664 and 69,954 respectively, without counting in the latter figure 6172 militia and militia reserve men not then absorbed into the new organization.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enquiry into the duties of men in the higher and middle classes of society in Great Britain, resulting from their respective stations, professions, and employments.

^ The general organization of the forces is into two armies, the northern and the southern, with headquarters at Rawal Pindi and Poona respectively.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery, each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry; and ambulances, columns and parks.^ The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery , each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry ; and ambulances, columns and parks.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The army estimates for1910-1911show a total sum of £27,760,000 required for the home and colonial establishments, made up as follows (after deducting appropriations in aid): - 1 Does not include unattached list of officers, 853, or 736 R.A.M.C. officers not available until mobilization.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The special reserve, converted from the militia, consists of infantry, field and garrison artillery, the Irish Horse (late Yeomanry), engineers, and a few A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. Its object is to make good on mobilization deficiencies (so far as they may exist of ter the calling in of the army reserve) in the expeditionary or regular forces, and to repair the losses of a campaign.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to these 6 divisions, there are "army troops" at the disposal of the commander-in-chief, consisting of two mixed "mounted brigades" (cavalry, mounted infantry, and horse artillery) serving as the "protective cavalry," and of various technical troops, such as balloon companies and bridging train.^ In addition to these 6 divisions, there are "army troops" at the disposal of the commander-in-chief, consisting of two mixed "mounted brigades" (cavalry, mounted infantry, and horse artillery) serving as the "protective cavalry," and of various technical troops, such as balloon companies and bridging train.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to these departments, whose heads form the army council itself, there is the very important department of the inspector-general of the forces, whose duties are to ensure by inspection the maintenance of military efficiency and an adequate standard of instruction, &c.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery , each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry ; and ambulances, columns and parks.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "strategical" cavalry is a division of 4 brigades (12 regiments or 36 squadrons), with 2 brigades (4 batteries) of horse artillery, 4 "field troops" and wireless company R.E., and ambulances and supply columns.^ The "strategical" cavalry is a division of 4 brigades (12 regiments or 36 squadrons), with 2 brigades (4 batteries) of horse artillery, 4 "field troops" and wireless company R.E., and ambulances and supply columns.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery , each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry ; and ambulances, columns and parks.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The army troops, divisions and mounted brigades consist of 56 regiments of yeomanry; 14 batteries and 14 ammunition columns R.H.A., 151 batteries and 55 ammunition columns R.F.A., 3 mountain batteries and ammunition column, and 14 heavy batteries and ammunition columns R.G.A.; 28 field companies, 29 telegraph companies, railway battalion, &c., R.E.; 204 battalions infantry (including to of cyclists, the Honourable Artillery Company, and certain corps of the Officers' Training Corps training as territorials); 60 units A.S.C.; 56 field ambulances, 23 general hospitals and 2 sanitary companies R.A.M.C. Told off to the defended seaports are 16 groups of garrison artillery companies and 58 fortress and electric light companies R.E. .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The peace organization of the regular forces at home conforms to the prospective war organization.^ The peace organization of the regular forces at home conforms to the prospective war organization.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, a cardinal principle of the Indian forces, British and native alike, is that the units are maintained in peace at full war effective, often a little above their field strength.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The air force is organized into home and overseas commands.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to the field army itself, various lines of communication troops are sent abroad on mobilization.^ In addition to the field army itself, various lines of communication troops are sent abroad on mobilization.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the divisions and mounted brigades there are "army troops," of which the most important component is the cyclist battalions, recruited in the different coast counties and specially organized as a first line of opposition to an invader.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, Britain could not mobilize a mass army and lacked the overwhelming military expertise to wage war on all terrains.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.These number some 20,000 men, the field army about 135,000, with 492 field guns, 7561 other vehicles and 60,769 horses and mules.^ These number some 20,000 men, the field army about 135,000, with 492 field guns, 7561 other vehicles and 60,769 horses and mules.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a reserve of the native army, numbering some 35,000 men.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides the regular native army there are: (a) various frontier and other levies, such as the Khyber Rifles and the Waziristan Militia; ( b ) selected contingents from the armies of the native princes, inspected by British officers, numbering about 20,000 and styled "imperial service troops"; ( c ) the volunteers, about 32,000 strong; and ( d ) the military police .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the first condition of employing all the home regulars abroad is perfect security at home.^ But the first condition of employing all the home regulars abroad is perfect security at home.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first of these conditions entirely, the second largely, and even indirectly the third and fourth depend upon the recruiting, establishments and terms of service of the regular army.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus the pivot of the Haldane system is the organization of the Territorial Force as a completely self-contained army.^ Thus the pivot of the Haldane system is the organization of the Territorial Force as a completely self-contained army.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The object to be attained as laid down was twofold; (a) complete organization of the territorial forces of each dominion or colony ; ( b ) evolution of contingents of colonial general-service troops with which the dominion governments might assist the army of Great Britain in wars outside the immediate borders of each dominion.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A citizen national reserve force, the Territorial Army, has an establishment of 68,500 and may be called out in time of emergency.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The higher organization - which the volunteers (q.v.^ The higher organization - which the volunteers (q.v.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) and yeomanry (q.v.) never possessed - varies only slightly from that in vogue in the regular army. .The second line army consists of 14 mixed mounted brigades as protective cavalry and 14 army divisions of much the same combatant strength as the regular divisions, the only important variation being that the artillery consists of 4-gun instead of 6-gun batteries.^ The second line army consists of 14 mixed mounted brigades as protective cavalry and 14 army divisions of much the same combatant strength as the regular divisions, the only important variation being that the artillery consists of 4- gun instead of 6-gun batteries.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery , each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry ; and ambulances, columns and parks.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to these 6 divisions, there are "army troops" at the disposal of the commander-in-chief, consisting of two mixed "mounted brigades" (cavalry, mounted infantry, and horse artillery) serving as the "protective cavalry," and of various technical troops, such as balloon companies and bridging train.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to the divisions and mounted brigades there are "army troops," of which the most important component is the cyclist battalions, recruited in the different coast counties and specially organized as a first line of opposition to an invader.^ In addition to the divisions and mounted brigades there are "army troops," of which the most important component is the cyclist battalions, recruited in the different coast counties and specially organized as a first line of opposition to an invader.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to these departments, whose heads form the army council itself, there is the very important department of the inspector-general of the forces, whose duties are to ensure by inspection the maintenance of military efficiency and an adequate standard of instruction, &c.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first really important railway was the line from Manchester to Liverpool , opened on the 15th of September 1830, when William Huskisson , M.P., was accidentally killed.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Affiliated to the territorial force are officers' training corps, cadets, "veteran reserves," and some of the other organizations mentioned below, the Haldane scheme having as its express object the utilization of every sort of contribution to national defence, whether combatant or non-combatant, on a voluntary basis.^ Affiliated to the territorial force are officers' training corps, cadets, " veteran reserves," and some of the other organizations mentioned below, the Haldane scheme having as its express object the utilization of every sort of contribution to national defence, whether combatant or non-combatant, on a voluntary basis.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To these duties of county associations are added that of supervising and administering cadet corps of all sorts (other than officers' training corps), and that of providing the extra horses required on mobilization, not only by the territorial force, but by the expeditionary force as well.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Clause (a) (given below) states a limit of 24 weeks of pregnancy, there is no mention of a time limit for the other three clauses.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The conditions of enlistment and reserve in the territorial force are a four years' engagement (former yeomen and volunteers being however allowed to extend for one year at a time if they desire to do so), within each year a consecutive training in camp of 14-18 days and a number of "drills" (attendances at company and battalion parades) that varies with the branch and the year of service.^ The conditions of enlistment and reserve in the territorial force are a four years' engagement (former yeomen and volunteers being however allowed to extend for one year at a time if they desire to do so), within each year a consecutive training in camp of 14-18 days and a number of "drills" (attendances at company and battalion parades) that varies with the branch and the year of service.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've told several people about it so one of these days they will get one for themselves."
  • Call to UK with UK phone cards. Cheap Calls to UK via UK Calling card. 9 February 2010 16:58 UTC www.comfi.com [Source type: Academic]
  • UK phone cards from USA | UK calling cards | Low rates to UK 9 February 2010 16:58 UTC www.comfi.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Attendance at the camp training, in so far as the claims of men's civil employment do not infringe upon it, is compulsory, and takes place at one time for all - generally the first half of August.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The minimum is practically always exceeded, and trebled or quadrupled in the case of the more enthusiastic men, and the chief difficulty with which the officers responsible for training have to contend is the fact that no man can be compelled to attend on any particular occasion.^ The minimum is practically always exceeded, and trebled or quadrupled in the case of the more enthusiastic men, and the chief difficulty with which the officers responsible for training have to contend is the fact that no man can be compelled to attend on any particular occasion.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Scotland, Chief Constables of each police force have responsibility in law for investigating complaints against their own officers.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Attendance at the camp training, in so far as the claims of men's civil employment do not infringe upon it, is compulsory, and takes place at one time for all - generally the first half of August.^ Attendance at the camp training, in so far as the claims of men's civil employment do not infringe upon it, is compulsory, and takes place at one time for all - generally the first half of August.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As it was illegal in Roman times to bury within the walls, we are forced to the conclusion that the places where these sepulchral remains have been found were at one time extramural.

^ Bristol had the advantage first and were two goals to the good at half time.
  • Womens Football in England - Ladies Soccer Teams, news, match reports, players 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.football-england.com [Source type: Original source]

The army troops, divisions and mounted brigades consist of 56 regiments of yeomanry; 14 batteries and 14 ammunition columns R.H.A., 151 batteries and 55 ammunition columns R.F.A., 3 mountain batteries and ammunition column, and 14 heavy batteries and ammunition columns R.G.A.; 28 field companies, 29 telegraph companies, railway battalion, &c., R.E.; 204 battalions infantry (including to of cyclists, the Honourable Artillery Company, and certain corps of the Officers' Training Corps training as territorials); 60 units A.S.C.; 56 field ambulances, 23 general hospitals and 2 sanitary companies R.A.M.C. Told off to the defended seaports are 16 groups of garrison artillery companies and 58 fortress and electric light companies R.E.
Arm or Branch.
Establishment.
Strength.
Officers.
Men.
Officers.
Men.
Yeomanry. .. .
1,345
2 4,7 66
1,193
24,219
R.H. & F.A.. .. .
1,211
32,945
1,015
29,658
R.G.A.. ... .
450
11 ,455
406
9,356
R.E.. ... ..
571
14,660
525
12,896
Infantry
5,679
1 95, 2 97
5, 06 4
173,670
A.S.C. .... .
322
8,562
277
7,577
R.A.M.C.. .. .
1,438
13,664
1,151
11,849
A.V.C.. .. ..
198
14
95
-
Total.. .
11,214
301,363
9,726'
269,225
.Establishment and Strength (April I, 1910) The Territorial Force is enlisted to serve at home, but individuals and whole corps may volunteer for service abroad in war if called upon.^ The Service recognizes that some individuals may be reluctant to make a complaint, but seeks to emphasize that a complaint will not prejudice an individual's case, and that individuals need have no fear of making one.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Royal Flying Corps was established in 1912; in 1914 the naval wing of the corps became the Royal Naval Air Service, and in 1918 the two were amalgamated as the Royal Air Force.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By mid-19th century, Britain was on the whole experiencing prosperity and peace at home and abroad.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

A register is kept of those who accept this liability beforehand, and about 6000 officers and men had joined it in April 1910.
.The force is trained, commanded and inspected exclusively by the military authorities, the regular army finding the higher commanders and staffs.^ Northern Ireland has a special reserve force of 5700, the Royal Irish Regiment, which gives part-time support to the regular army.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British army was undisciplined, not highly trained, and lacking a military tradition of competence, such as existed in Prussia and France.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.But in accordance both with the growing tendency to separate command and administration and with the desire to enlist local sympathies and utilize local resources, "associations," partly of civilian, partly of military members, were formed in every county and charged by statute with all matters relating to the enlistment, service and discharge of the county's quota in the force, finance (other than pay, &c.^ For services to local government in County Durham.
  • Honours: Order of the British Empire, Civil - MBE - Home News, UK - The Independent 19 September 2009 14:58 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ But in accordance both with the growing tendency to separate command and administration and with the desire to enlist local sympathies and utilize local resources, "associations," partly of civilian, partly of military members, were formed in every county and charged by statute with all matters relating to the enlistment, service and discharge of the county's quota in the force, finance (other than pay, &c.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patients, who may opt for a particular physician, pay minimal charges for prescriptions, adult dental treatment, eyeglasses and dentures, and some locally administered services, such as vaccinations.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in camp), buildings, ownership of regimental property, &c. .To these duties of county associations are added that of supervising and administering cadet corps of all sorts (other than officers' training corps), and that of providing the extra horses required on mobilization, not only by the territorial force, but by the expeditionary force as well.^ To these duties of county associations are added that of supervising and administering cadet corps of all sorts (other than officers' training corps), and that of providing the extra horses required on mobilization, not only by the territorial force, but by the expeditionary force as well.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each Party shall notify the other of the completion of its internal procedures required to enable this Agreement to enter into force.
  • FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Fishery Legislation 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC firms.fao.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Affiliated to the territorial force are officers' training corps, cadets, " veteran reserves," and some of the other organizations mentioned below, the Haldane scheme having as its express object the utilization of every sort of contribution to national defence, whether combatant or non-combatant, on a voluntary basis.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are several groups of more or less military character which are for various reasons outside war office control.^ There are several groups of more or less military character which are for various reasons outside war office control.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result was less a rebuke of Churchill's wartime leadership than an expression of approval of Labour's role in the war and of hope that the party would bring more prosperity.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is an interesting awareness of the need to consider cultural factors in sexual dysfunction, and this is particularly important for various clinic groups.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are: (a) boy's brigades - the Church Lads' Brigade, the London Diocesan Brigade, the Jewish Lads' Brigade, &c.; (b) the Legion of Frontiersmen, an organization intended to enroll for "irregular" service men with colonial or frontier experience; (c) rifle clubs, which exist solely for rifle practice, and have no military liabilities; (d) boy scouts, an organization founded in 1908 by Lieut.-General Sir R. S. S. Baden-Powell.^ These are: (a) boy's brigades - the Church Lads' Brigade, the London Diocesan Brigade, the Jewish Lads' Brigade, &c.; ( b ) the Legion of Frontiersmen, an organization intended to enroll for "irregular" service men with colonial or frontier experience; ( c ) rifle clubs, which exist solely for rifle practice, and have no military liabilities; ( d ) boy scouts, an organization founded in 1908 by Lieut.-General Sir R. S. S. Baden -Powell.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Generally, both the individual harasser and the relevant organization will be jointly liable, unless the organization can prove that it has taken reasonable steps to prevent sexual harassment.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The dedications of many of the churches indicate their great age, but the constant fires in London destroyed these buildings.

Command and Administration

.The secretary of state for war is the head of the army council, which comprises the heads of departments and is the chief executive authority.^ The secretary of state for war is the head of the army council, which comprises the heads of departments and is the chief executive authority.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to these departments, whose heads form the army council itself, there is the very important department of the inspector-general of the forces, whose duties are to ensure by inspection the maintenance of military efficiency and an adequate standard of instruction, &c.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - LoveToKnow 1911 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.K. is a constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses; its chief of state is the sovereign, and the head of government is the prime minister.
  • United Kingdom -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

These departments (see Staff) are: the general staff; the adjutantgeneral's department; the quartermaster-general's department; the department of the master-general of the ordnance; the civil member's department; and the finance member's department. .In addition to these departments, whose heads form the army council itself, there is the very important department of the inspector-general of the forces, whose duties are to ensure by inspection the maintenance of military efficiency and an adequate standard of instruction, &c.^ This puts total active and reserve duty military personnel at approximately 420,500 plus a 150,000 paramilitary force giving a total of 570,000.
  • United Kingdom - Archiplanet 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Helping ensure the safety of our customers and restoring confidence in Toyota are very important to our company," said Group Vice President and Toyota Division General Manager Bob Carter .
  • Toyota temporarily suspends sales of selected vehicles - - ABRN (Automotive Body Repair News) 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC abrn.search-autoparts.com [Source type: News]

^ He generally chose the steeple , and there are many fine examples of his work in this department.

This department is thus in the main a complement of the general staff branch. .In 1910 the commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean was appointed inspector-general of the overseas forces other than those in India, and the inspector-general in London supervises therefore only the forces in the home establishment.^ General, for other than education .

^ The air force is organized into home and overseas commands.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert Peel, the home secretary, reformed the criminal law and instituted (1829) a modern police force in London.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are, therefore, three single authorities of high rank for the great divisions of the army - the two inspectors-general and the commander-in-chief in India.^ Great Britain became Austria's chief ally, and British armies and ships fought the French in Europe, in North America, on the high seas, and in India, where the English and French East India companies competed for influence.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The development of the great trading companies ( see EAST INDIA COMPANY,; HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY,), colonial expansion, and naval control of the high seas were corollary factors.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ C aptain-General and Commander-in-Chief 12 Dec 1653 - 16 Dec 1653 Oliver Cromwell (2nd time) (s.a.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.The United Kingdom is subdivided into 7 commands and 12 districts, the commands under a lieutenant-general or general as commander-in-chief and the districts under brigadier-generals.^ Within the United Kingdom, all patients are entitled to free consultation under the National Health Service.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 1660 Kingdom of Scotland (restored) 12 May 1707 Act of Union formally unites Scotland and England as the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lieutenant General of the Kingdom) 4 Apr 1406 - 20 Feb 1437 James I (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.The commands are the eastern, southern, western, northern, Scottish, Irish and the Aldershot.^ Following almost a century of development and expansion the railroads of Great Britain were divided, in 1921, into four great systems: the London, Midland, and Scottish Railway; the London and North-Eastern Railway; the Great Western Railway; and the Southern Railway.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These lines, especially the southern lines, the Great Eastern, Great Northern and South-Western carry a very heavy suburban traffic.

^ Counties Palatine were erected in the 11th century to defend the northern (Scottish) and western (Welsh) frontiers of the Kingdom of England.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.London is organized as a separate district under a major-general.^ Hotel is just 1 minute walk from Gloucester Road tube station, close to many of Londons major attractions and exclusive shopping districts.
  • London lodging | Lodging in London United Kingdom | LodgingHunt.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC lodginghunt.com [Source type: General]

^ In the county of London there are 12 coroners' districts, 19 petty sessional divisions (the City forming a separate one) and 13 county court districts (the City forming a separate one).

^ The City Corporation exercises a control over the majority of the London markets, which dates from the close of the 14th century, when dealers were placed under the governance of the mayor and aldermen.

.In the colonial establishment the principal commands are the Mediterranean (including Egypt) and the South African.^ Spain ceded Gibraltar and the Mediterranean island of Minorca and granted to British merchants a limited right to trade with Spain's American colonies; included in that (until 1750) was the asiento —the right to import African slaves into Spanish America.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Except in South Africa, there are no imperial troops quartered in the self-governing colonies.^ Imperial expansion in South Africa, however, they see as being "altogether different".
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In the 19th century, many British colonies were granted limited self-government under the crown, and this autonomy increased with the creation of Dominions, the first of which was Canada (1867).
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For them, no new, sustained or compelling impulses or reasons existed for a new imperialism in Africa.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.Since1904-1905command and administration have been separated and general officers commanding in chief relieved of administrative details by the appointment to their staffs of majorgenerals in charge of administration (see Staff and Officers).^ The Defence Council, including the secretary of state for defense, the chief of staff for each of the three services, the chief scientific adviser for defense, and the permanent undersecretary of state for defense, exercises powers of command and administrative control.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ C aptain-General and Commander-in-Chief 12 Dec 1653 - 16 Dec 1653 Oliver Cromwell (2nd time) (s.a.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief 20 Apr 1653 - 4 Jul 1653 Oliver Cromwell (1st time) (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

Finance

.The army estimates for1910-1911show a total sum of £27,760,000 required for the home and colonial establishments, made up as follows (after deducting appropriations in aid): - 1 Does not include unattached list of officers, 853, or 736 R.A.M.C. officers not available until mobilization.^ The Metropolitan Hospital Saturday Fund was founded in 1873, and is made up chiefly of small sums collected in places of business, &c.

^ That episode, at the risk of sounding like a wuss, made me tear up a bit more than the average episode does.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on anonymous seroprevalence data, there were, in 2001, an estimated total of 30,000 people living with HIV in the United Kingdom, a third of them undiagnosed.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Regular Army, Pay and Allowances
£8,733,000
Special Reserve
833,000
Territorial Force
2,660,000
Medical Services
452,000
Educational Establishments
147,000
Quartering, Transport, Remounts
1,589,000
Supplies, Clothing
4,397,000
Stores and Ordnance Establishment
533,000
Armament and Engineer Stores
1,482,000
Works, Buildings and Land, &c. .
2,598,000
War Office and Miscellaneous
503,000
Pensions, &c.
3,833,000
The pay of the soldiers has increased since the South African War. Without allowances of any kind, it was in 1910 as follows: Warrant officer, 5s. to 6s. per day; quartermaster-sergeants, coloursergeants, &c., 3s. 4d. to 4s. 6d.; sergeants, 2s. 4d. to 3s. 4d.; corporals, is. 8d. to 2s. 8d.; lance-corporals, is. 3d. to is. 9d.; privates Is. id. to Is. 9d.; boys, 8d. In addition, all receive a messing allowance of 3d. per day, 2d. for upkeep of .kit, and most receive "service" or "proficiency" pay at 3d.-6d a day; and engineers, A.S.C. and R.A.M.C. specialist pay at various rates.^ Most dentists, pharmacists, and medical specialists take part in the service.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Officers' pay, without allowances, is for second lieutenants 5s. 3d. to 7s. 8d.; lieutenants, 6s. 5d. to 8s. iod.; captains, I I. 7d. to 15s.; majors, 13s. 7d. to 18s. 6d.; and lieutenant-colonels, 18s. to 24s. 9d.
.Indian Army.-The forces in India consist of the British army on the Indian establishment and the Indian native army with its dependent local militias, feudatories, contingents, &c.^ The new Council of State was dependent on the force of the army and the scant legitimacy of the Rump Parliament.
  • ENGLAND 27 January 2010 23:50 UTC www.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They reflected both the growing confidence of newly unionised workers and a political idealism that looked to an Ireland free not only of the British army but also free of native bosses.
  • Ireland and British Imperialism 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC flag.blackened.net [Source type: Original source]

^ During this period, the entire British army consisted of 140,000 soldiers, a fourth to a third of which were stationed in India.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.In addition there is a force of European and Eurasian volunteers, drawn largely from railway employes.^ One addition to this second edition is an article about the IRA policy of killing workers who are employed in work for the British forces.
  • Ireland and British Imperialism 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC flag.blackened.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Indian army consists of 138 battalions of infantry, 10 regiments of cavalry, 16 mountain batteries, i garrison artillery company, 32 sapper and miner companies (2 railways companies included).^ It may be of note that 11 EOD Regt RLC is the most highly decorated Regiment in the Army Mark, Ex 11 EOD Regt, , November 16, 2009 .

.The proportion between British and Indian troops observed since the Mutiny is roughly one British to two native, the Indian army being about 162,000 men.^ The authors suggest that the proportion of the population reporting two or more sexual partners in the past year and inconsistent condom use in the past month is an indicator that unsafe sex has increased significantly among both men and women between the two surveys.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British troops pulled out of Basra; two days later, rival Shiite factions began battling over a government building that had been been evacuated by the military.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ And speaking of scrubs i didnt quite get what u said about it being over soon with NBC. So does that mean that the this season is the final one?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition the native army includes supply and transport corps, the medical service, and the veterinary service, officered in the higher ranks by officers of the A.S.C., R.A. M. C. and A.V.C. respectively.^ The participation of medical officers in the Northern Ireland Prison Service in the new diploma course in prison medicine is also under consideration.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Indian army is recruited from Mahommedans and Hindus of various tribes and sects, and with some exceptions (chiefly in the Madras infantry) companies, sometimes regiments, are composed exclusively of men of one class.^ The buildings connected with local government in London are with one exception modern, and handsome town-halls have been erected for some of the boroughs.

^ In spite of this the 18th century produced some of the most devoted of Londoners - men who considered a day lived out of London as one lost out of their lives.

^ It provided for a redistribution of seats in favor of the growing industrial cities and a single property test that gave the vote to all middle-class men and some artisans.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The official F.S. Pocket Book 1908 gives the following particulars: Mahommedans (Pathans of the frontier tribes, Hazaras Baluchis, Moplahs, Punjabi Mahommedans, &c.), 350 infantry companies, 76 squadrons (35% of the army). Hindus (Sikhs, Gurkhas, Rajputs, Jats, Dogras, Mahrattas, Tamils, Brahmans, Bhils, Garhwalis, &c.), 727 companies, 79 squadrons (6 3.3%).
Enlistment is entirely voluntary, and the army enjoys the highest prestige. .Service is for three years, but in practice the native soldier makes the army his career and he is allowed to extend up to 32 years.^ I ended up in the hospital for attempted suicide and that's how I found out after a year and a half I had lyme disease because my parents didn't think I had it that I making it up.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Broadening the scope of these services allows access to more appropriately coordinated care under one roof.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, Ireland was allowed to remain in the Commonwealth until 1949, at which point it formally declared itself to be a republic, which it had been in practice for many years.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

The native cavalry is almost entirely Silandar, in which the trooper mounts and clothes himself, and practically serves without pay. .In the infantry, too, the old system of paying men and requiring them to equip, clothe and feed themselves, is in vogue to some extent.^ Paying for sex remains a stigmatized behavior, although 6.8% of men reported paying for sex with a woman at some time and 1.8% had done so within the last five years (Wellings et al.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a reserve of the native army, numbering some 35,000 men.^ There are huge numbers of child soldiers in the DRC: Control Arms reports that "about 30,000 to 35,000 children have been recruited" by armed groups since the start of the war.
  • Z Space - Robert Miller 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1994, Royal Air Force personnel numbered some 70,000.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is scarcely worth while to guess as to the numbers in Saxon London, but it is possible that in the early period there were about 10,000 inhabitants, growing later to about 20,000.

.But it is rather a draft to replace wastage than a means of bringing the army up to a war footing in the European way.^ The result was less a rebuke of Churchill's wartime leadership than an expression of approval of Labour's role in the war and of hope that the party would bring more prosperity.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was replaced by Lord Palmerston, a staunch English nationalist and champion of European liberalism, who saw the war to its conclusion—a limited Anglo-French victory in 1856.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Crimean War exposed the weaknesses of British power, showing that, indeed, in many ways it was more mythic than real.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.Indeed, a cardinal principle of the Indian forces, British and native alike, is that the units are maintained in peace at full war effective, often a little above their field strength.^ Sir Christopher Meyer, the former British ambassador to the United States, said that the Iraq war was inspiring acts of terrorism : “God,” he said, “it does not look good.” .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ United Airlines was being sued after a flight crew forced a British transvestite to get off a plane and change into proper men's attire.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Blair gave full diplomatic and military support to the U.S.-led war on terrorism, and British air and ground forces were deployed in military operations against Afghanistan's Taliban regime.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Part of the army, nearest the north-west frontier, has even its transport practically in readiness to move at once.^ Australia, much of Canada, parts of South Africa, New Zealand, North America, were new frontiers for British settlers, who transformed their new environments based on the British model.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

.The command is in the hands of British officers assisted by native officers, promoted from the ranks.^ Following the last oral examination, the Committee recommended retraining of police officers, particularly interviewing officers, in Northern Ireland to assist in promoting the peace process.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The number of native officers in a unit is equal to that of the British officers.
.Besides the regular native army there are: (a) various frontier and other levies, such as the Khyber Rifles and the Waziristan Militia; (b) selected contingents from the armies of the native princes, inspected by British officers, numbering about 20,000 and styled "imperial service troops"; (c) the volunteers, about 32,000 strong; and (d) the military police.^ Ratio of the number of privately contracted military workers in Iraq to the number of British troops there : 5:4 .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Britain also had a major role in the NATO air war against Yugoslavia (March–June 1999) and provided about 12,000 troops for the international security force in Kosovo, or KFOR, which was initially commanded by a British officer, Lt. Gen.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other relevant information: Phone number is +44 (0)20 7440 5800 .
  • Z Space - Robert Miller 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The general organization of the forces is into two armies, the northern and the southern, with headquarters at Rawal Pindi and Poona respectively.^ Northern Ireland has a special reserve force of 5700, the Royal Irish Regiment, which gives part-time support to the regular army.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The air force is organized into home and overseas commands.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Administration.-Under the governor-general in council the commander-in-chief (himself a member of the council) is the executive authority.^ Assistant chief executive of Cultural Services, Manchester City Council.
  • Honours: Order of the British Empire, Civil - MBE - Home News, UK - The Independent 19 September 2009 14:58 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Public baths and washhouses are provided by local authorities under various acts between 1846 and 1896, which have been adopted by all the borough councils.

^ The administrative authorities of cemeteries for the county are the borough councils and the City Corporation and private companies.

.Under him in the army department, now divided into higher committees and the headquarter staff, the latter comprising (since the abolition of the military staff department under Lord Kitchener's reorganization) the divisions of the chief of the general staff, the adjutant-general and the quartermaster-general.^ Workers in the 26 counties suffer under the same system where society is divided into rich and poor, order givers and order takers.
  • Ireland and British Imperialism 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC flag.blackened.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Conservatives divided between Peelites and protectionists, and the Whigs returned (1846) to power under Lord John Russell.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King George VI was seemingly under the impression that since he had given Philip the style of HRH, it meant he was also giving him the title of prince, which was not so.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.India has her own staff college at Quetta, and can manufacture rifles, ammunition and field artillery equipment except the actual guns.^ Moreover, the Tanzimat reforms had enabled the Turks to modernize their army with German-made Krupp field guns and Martini-Henry and Snider rifles.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

The cost of the Indian army, and of the British forces on the Indian establishment, borne by the Indian government in 1909 was £20,558,000.
Regulars only.
Northern
Arm Y
Southern
Arm Y
Total.
British. ... .
40,608
34,143
74,751
Indian Army, white .
1,534
1,512
3,046
native. .
85,189
76,772
161,961
Total. .
86,723
78,284
165,007
Total. ... .
127,331
112,427
239,758
Forces of the Dominions and Colonies.-Lord Kitchener and Sir John French in1909-1910paid visits of inspection to Australia and Canada in connexion with the reorganization by the local governments of their military forces, and a beginning was made of a common organization of the forces of the empire in the colonial military conference of 1909. Without infringement of local autonomy and local conditions, a common system of drill, equipment, training and staff administration was agreed on as essential, and to that end the general staff in London was to evolve into an "imperial general staff." The object to be attained as laid down was twofold; (a) complete organization of the territorial forces of each dominion or colony; (b) evolution of contingents of colonial general-service troops with which the dominion governments might assist the army of Great Britain in wars outside the immediate borders of each dominion. (See BRITISH EMPIRE; AUSTRALIA; CANADA.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Plural
-
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  1. The official name of the United Kingdom 1801-1916.

Translations


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to United Kingdom article)

From Familypedia

United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland occupies numerous islands off the north-west coast of mainland Europe, including the north-east sector of Ireland. Its constituent "states" are England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
British territories nearby that are not part of the United Kingdom include the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands, and Gibraltar.
.This wiki treats events as happening in the United Kingdom (as in other countries) if they happened in any area that is now part of it.^ Now I just wonder what would happen with Romeo and Juliet if they one night wouldn't die.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A slight exception is made for the counties: our pages dealing with U.K. counties generally refer to the historic counties, those that were in existence, with relatively minor changes, for hundreds of years until about 1974, when they were not abolished but were mostly superseded for practical administrative purposes. Later reorganisations changed the map substantially again. Where the same names have been used for distinctly different areas, we distinguish the names in some way, such as Renfrewshire (historic).

Alternative names

The United Kingdom is sometimes also referred to as:

External links

  • Parish Locator freeware covering England, Scotland, Wales available for free download
  • People Finder find living relatives in England, Scotland and Wales.
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Facts about United KingdomRDF feed

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Simple English

United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

State union

File:Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg

1801-1922¹ File:Flag of the United
File:Flag of
File:Flag of the United File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Anthem: God Save the King (Queen)
Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1922
Capital London
51°30′N 0°07′W
Language(s) English³
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1801–1820 George III
 - 1820–1830 George IV
 - 1830–1837 William IV
 - 1837–1901 Victoria
 - 1901–1910 Edward VII
 - 1910–1927 (cont.) George V
Prime Minister
 - 1801–1801 William Pitt the Younger
 - 1924–1927 (cont.) Stanley Baldwin
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - Act of Union 1800 1 January
 - Irish independence 6 December, 1922
 - UK name changed 12 April, 1927
Area
 - 1801 315,093 km2
121,658 sq mi
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 51.9 /km² 
134.4 /sq mi
 - 1921 est. 42,769,196 
     Density 135.7 /km² 
351.6 /sq mi
Currency Pound sterling
1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.
² The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
³ In addition to English (official status established by precedent), Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Welsh were spoken regionally.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself having been a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland.

List of monarchs

Though the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland came to an end in 1922, the monarch continued to use the title of King or Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1927.

Other pages

Other websites

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on British Empire, which are similar to those in the above article.








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