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United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 was the legal authorization for the Gulf War which was passed by the Security Council by 12 votes to 2 (Cuba and Yemen against, China abstaining) on 29 November 1990.[1] It gave Iraq one final opportunity to withdraw from Kuwait by 15 January 1991 and authorized members of the United Nations in cooperation with the Government of Kuwait to use "all necessary means to uphold and implement" United Nations Security Council Resolution 660,[2] which was the resolution which demanded that Iraq withdraw its forces unconditionally to the positions in which they were located on 1 August 1990 (the day before they invaded Kuwait).[3]

Security Council Resolution 678 (1990)

The Security Council ... Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter, 1. Demands that Iraq comply fully with resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions, and decides, while maintaining all its decisions, to allow Iraq one final opportunity, as a pause of goodwill, to do so;

2. Authorizes Member States co-operating with the Government of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or before 15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in paragraph 1 above, the above-mentioned resolutions, to use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area...

See Iraq disarmament crisis#Authority under international law.

References

  1. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 S-RES-678(1990) page 2 on 29 November 1990 (retrieved 2007-09-13)
  2. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 S-RES-678(1990) page 1 on 29 November 1990 (retrieved 2007-09-13)
  3. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 660 S-RES-660(1990) page 1 on 2 August 1990 (retrieved 2007-09-13)
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United Nations Security Council Resolution 678
by the United Nations
This resolution effectively authorized the use of force by UN member states against Iraq to repel its invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. It was the final UN security council resolution regarding the matter prior to the coalition military action.
←Indexes: United Nations Security Council Resolutions
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United Nations Security Council Resolution 678.


RESOLUTION 678 (1990)

Adopted by the Security Council at its 2963rd meeting on 29 November 1990 by 12 votes to 2 (Cuba and Yemen), with 1 abstention (China).

The Security Council,

Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 660 (1990) of 2 August 1990, 661 (1990) of 6 August 1990, 662 (1990) of 9 August 1990, 664 (1990) of 18 August 1990, 665 (1990) of 25 August 1990, 666 (1990) of 13 September 1990, 667 (1990) of 16 September 1990, 669 (1990) of 24 September 1990, 670 (1990) of 25 September 1990, 674 (1990) of of 29 October 1990 and 677 (1990) of 28 November 1990.

Noting that, despite all efforts by the United Nations, Iraq refuses to comply with its obligation to implement resolution 660 (1990) and the above-mentioned subsequent relevant resolutions, in flagrant contempt of the Security Council,

Mindful of its duties and responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations for the maintenance and preservation of international peace and security,

Determined to secure full compliance with its decisions,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter,

1. Demands that Iraq comply fully with resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions, and decides, while maintaining all its decisions, to allow Iraq one final opportunity, as a pause of goodwil, to do so;

2. Authorizes Member States co-operating with the Government of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or before 15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in paragraph 1 above, the above-mentioned resolutions, to use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area;

3. Requests all States to provide appropriate support for the actions undertaken in pursuance of paragraph 2 of the present resolution;

4. Requests the States concerned to keep the Security Council regularly informed on the progress of actions undertaken pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 3 of the present resolution;

5. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

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