United States Ambassador to France: Wikis


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Seal of the United States Department of State

There has been a United States Ambassador to France since the American Revolution. The United States sent its first envoys to France in 1776, towards the end of the four-centuries-old Bourbon dynasty. The American diplomatic relationship with France has continued throughout that country's five republican regimes, two periods of French empire, the Bourbon Restoration, and its July Monarchy. After the Battle of France, the United States maintained diplomatic relations with Vichy France until France severed them on the date Operation Torch was launched in November, 1942; the Embassy was reopened December, 1944.


United States Representatives in Paris

The following is a complete list of the credentialed American diplomats sent to France:


United States Envoys to France

During the Bourbon dynasty:

John Adams

United States Ministers Plenipotentiary to France

During the Bourbon dynasty:

  • Benjamin Franklin -- Appointed Sep 14, 1778; Presented credentials Mar 23, 1779; Termination of mission May 17, 1785
  • Thomas Jefferson -- Appointed Mar 10, 1785; Presented credentials: May 17, 1785 – Termination of mission September 26, 1789
  • William Short April 20, 1790 – May 15, 1792

During the First Republic:

Edward Livingston

During the First French Empire:

During the First French Empire and Bourbon Restoration:

United States Envoys Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to France

William Lewis Dayton

During the Bourbon Restoration and July Monarchy:

During the July Monarchy and French Second Republic:

During the French Second Republic and the Second French Empire:

Levi Parsons Morton

During the Second French Empire and French Third Republic:

During the French Third Republic:

Myron T. Herrick

United States Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to France

During the French Third Republic:

Jefferson Caffery

During Vichy France:

During the French Fourth Republic:

  • Jefferson Caffery 12/30/1944–1949
    • The Embassy in Paris had been opened to the public Dec 1, 1944, with Ambassador Caffery in charge pending presentation of his letter of credence.
  • David K. E. Bruce 1949–1952
  • James C. Dunn 1952–1953
  • C. Douglas Dillon 1953–1957
R. Sargent Shriver

During the French Fourth Republic and the French Fifth Republic:

During the French Fifth Republic:


  1. ^ "New U.S. Envoy Takes Up Post" by Brian Knowlton, The New York Times, Aug. 16, 2009. Retrieved 8/31/09.


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