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United States Ambassador to the United Nations: Wikis

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Ambassador to the United Nations of the United States of America
Flag of the United Nations.svg
Flag of the United Nations
Incumbent
Susan Rice

since January 22, 2009
Appointer President of the United States
Inaugural holder Edward Stettinius, Jr.
Formation 1945
Website History of USUN Ambassadors from the website of the United States Mission to the United Nations

The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations. The position is more formally known as the "Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations"; it is also known as the U.S. Permanent Representative, or "Perm Rep", to the United Nations.

The U.S. Permanent Representative, currently Susan Rice, is charged with representing the United States on the U.N. Security Council and during all plenary meetings of the General Assembly except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer of the United States (such as the U.S. Secretary of State or the President of the United States) is present. Like all United States ambassadors, he or she must be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

Many prominent U.S. politicians and diplomats have held the post, including Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., Adlai Stevenson, George H. W. Bush, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Dr. Jeane Kirkpatrick, Richard Holbrooke, Dr. Madeleine Albright, Bill Richardson, and John Danforth.

It was a cabinet-level position under the Clinton administration and is under the Obama administration as well. It was not a cabinet-level position under the Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009).[1][2]

Contents

Office-holders

The following is a chronological list of those who have held the office:

# US Ambassador to UN Years served U.N. Secretary-General U.S. President
1 Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. 1945–1946 Sir Gladwyn Jebb, Trygve Lie Harry S. Truman
Herschel V. Johnson
(acting)
1946–1947 Trygve Lie
2 Warren R. Austin 1947–1953 Trygve Lie, Dag Hammarskjöld
3 Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. 1953–1960 Dag Hammarskjöld Dwight D. Eisenhower
4 James J. Wadsworth 1960–1961
5 Adlai Stevenson 1961–1965 Dag Hammarskjöld, U Thant John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
6 Arthur J. Goldberg 1965–1968 U Thant Lyndon B. Johnson
7 George W. Ball 1968
8 James Russell Wiggins 1968–1969
9 Charles W. Yost 1969–1971 Richard Nixon
10 George H. W. Bush 1971–1973 U Thant, Kurt Waldheim
11 John A. Scali 1973–1975 Kurt Waldheim Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
12 Daniel Patrick Moynihan 1975–1976 Gerald Ford
13 William Scranton 1976–1977
14 Andrew Young 1977–1979 Jimmy Carter
15 Donald McHenry 1979–1981
16 Jeane Kirkpatrick 1981–1985 Kurt Waldheim, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Ronald Reagan
17 Vernon A. Walters 1985–1989 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
18 Thomas R. Pickering 1989–1992 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Boutros Boutros-Ghali George H. W. Bush
19 Edward J. Perkins 1992–1993 Boutros Boutros-Ghali
20 Madeleine Albright 1993–1997 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Kofi Annan Bill Clinton
21 Bill Richardson 1997–1998 Kofi Annan
Peter Burleigh
(acting)
1998–1999
22 Richard Holbrooke 1999–2001
James B. Cunningham
(acting)
2001 George W. Bush
23 John D. Negroponte 2001–2004
24 John Danforth 2004–2005
Anne W. Patterson (acting) 2005
25 John R. Bolton (interim) 2005–2006
Alejandro Daniel Wolff (acting) 2006–2007 Kofi Annan, Ban Ki-moon
26 Zalmay Khalilzad 2007–2009 Ban Ki-Moon
27 Susan Rice 2009-present Barack Obama

Notes

  1. ^ Kelemen, Michele (December 1, 2008). "U.N. Envoy Nominee Rice Known As Smart, Tough". National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=97661695&ft=1&f=1003. Retrieved January 21 2009. "The head of the United Nations Foundation, a Washington-based advocacy group, released a statement praising Rice as well as Obama's decision to make the post of U.N. ambassador a Cabinet-level position once again — as it was during the Clinton years."  
  2. ^ Cooper, Helene (November 20, 2008). "Clinton Decision Holding Up Other Obama Choices". http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/21/us/politics/20Cooperweb.html. Retrieved February 9, 2009. "Ms. Rice could get the post of United States ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position under President Clinton. President Bush downgraded the position when he came into office"  

External links

See also

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