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United States Armed Force
.United States Joint Service Color Guard on parade at Fort Myer
United States Joint Service Color Guard on parade at Fort Myer in Arlington County, Virginia.
^ UNITED STATES MARINE(3")COLOR. .
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^ The economy is postindustrial , with the service sector contributing 67.8% of GDP, though the United States remains an industrial power.
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^ FLAG-UNITED STATES COAST GUARD .
  • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]
  • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]

Service branches United States Army seal U.S. Army
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President Barack Obama
Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates
Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen
Manpower
Military age 17–45 years old[1]
Available for
military service
72,715,332 males, age 18–49 (2008 est.),
71,638,785 females, age 18–49 (2008 est.)
Fit for
military service
59,413,358 males, age 18–49 (2008 est.),
59,187,183 females, age 18–49 (2008 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
2,186,440 males (2008 est.),
2,079,688 females (2008 est.)
Active personnel 1,473,900[2] (ranked 2nd)
Reserve personnel 1,458,500[3]
Expenditures
Budget $664 billion (FY10)[4]
(1st by total expenditure, 27th as percent of GDP)
Percent of GDP 4.7 (2010 est.)
Related articles
History
American Revolutionary War
Early national period
Continental expansion
American Civil War
Post-Civil War era
World War I (1917–1918)
World War II (1941–1945)
Cold War (1945–1991)
Post-Cold War era (1992–2001)
War on Terrorism (2001–present)
Ranks Army officer
.The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States.^ The forces can be withdrawn at anytime and the United States .
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^ Are the United States highly trained armed .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard.^ Second, with respect to Reserve forces and the National Guard, you are quite right, they represent an enormous fraction of our total capability.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ American forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's eleven active aircraft carriers, and Marine Expeditionary Units at sea with the Navy's Atlantic and Pacific fleets .
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^ MARINE CORPS AIR BASE COMMANDER /VELCRO. .
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.The United States has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military.^ The United States does not train nor want its military to do .
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^ Outside of the United States, the military operates 865 bases and facilities, 47 with personnel deployed to more than 150 countries.
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^ We are—the United States military armed forces is ready to respond to whatever the—— Page 82 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     Mr.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.While the President is the overall head of the military, the United States Department of Defense (DoD), a federal executive department, is the principal organ by which military policy is carried out.^ To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the Government of the Confederate States, or in any department or officer thereof.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ President authorized to employ the militia, military and naval forces of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The President currently has many powers to deter and prevent international terrorism, including diplomatic pressure, economic measures, military action to stop imminent threats to the people of the United States.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The DOD is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and a member of the Cabinet, who also serves as the President's second-in-command of the military.^ The USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier The president holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff .
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^ Executive : The president is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law, and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
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^ I. Property of each head of a family to the value of five hundred dollars; and for each minor child of the family to the further value of one hundred dollars; and for each son actually engaged in the army or navy, or who has died or been killed in the military or naval service, and who was a member of the family when he entered the service, to the further value of five hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.To coordinate military action with diplomacy, the President has an advisory National Security Council headed by a National Security Advisor.^ Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken .
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^ It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and New York City hosts the United Nations Headquarters .
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^ It emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council .
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.Both the President and Secretary of Defense are advised by a six-member Joint Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the service branches, led by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.^ The USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier The president holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff .
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^ Any officer or soldier who shall use contemptuous or disrespectful words against the President of the Confederate States, against the Vice-President thereof, against the Congress of the Confederate States, or against the chief magistrate or .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Justice of the United States , has nine members, who serve for life.
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.All five branches are under the direction of the Department of Defense, except the Coast Guard, which was made an agency of the Department of Homeland Security in 2003 following governmental reorganization after the September 11 attacks.^ The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and the Department of the Navy in time of war.
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^ ABERCROMBIE. So the Department of Defense does not intend to fund in any way, shape, or form all of these requirements at the local level.
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^ Secretary RUMSFELD. Correct me if I am wrong, but is this a Department of Defense-controlled matter or is it Homeland Security?
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The Coast Guard may be transferred to the Department of the Navy by the President or Congress during a time of war.^ The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and the Department of the Navy in time of war.
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^ Legislature - Congress House of Representatives · Speaker of the House Senate · President of the Senate Executive - President Vice President Executive Office Cabinet / executive departments Independent agencies Civil service · Policies .
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^ As the President told the United Nations, ''The first time we may be completely certain that a terrorist state has nuclear weapons is when, God forbid, they use one.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[5] .All five armed services are among the seven uniformed services of the United States; the others are the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps.^ Arms, etc., acquired from the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States as the hegemon, any other alternative .
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^ United States public can be .
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.From the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States.^ United States role in peacekeeping.
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^ United States had about its role .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States does not train nor want its military to do .
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.A sense of national unity and identity was forged out of the victorious Barbary Wars, as well as the War of 1812.^ As victory was won in Europe , a 1945 international conference held in San Francisco produced the United Nations Charter , which became active after the war.
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^ Secretary RUMSFELD. Well, first, let me say that no one with any sense rushes into war.
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^ The War of 1812 , declared against Britain over various grievances and fought to a draw, strengthened U.S. nationalism .
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.Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and not until the outbreak of World War II did a peacetime army become officially established.^ I think we have to expect our armed forces, much like they did in World War II, steel themselves for the long haul.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ During World War II, we saw our government commit, sadly, acts against the civil liberties of Japanese-American citizens.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council .
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[6]
.The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the onset of the Cold War, created the modern U.S. military framework; the Act merged previously Cabinet-level Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (renamed the Department of Defense in 1949), headed by the Secretary of Defense; and created the Department of the Air Force and National Security Council.^ Cold War world and the US, despite small ground force levels, .
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^ The Secretary of Defense has said it is war.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The air defense forces.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The U.S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel.^ The four largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are American; Southwest Airlines is number one.
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.It draws its manpower from a large pool of volunteers; although conscription has been used several times in the past in times of both war and peace, the draft has not been used since 1972. The U.S. spends about $664 billion per year on its military,[4] constituting approximately 40 percent of world military expenditures.^ After a decade of peace, we are reminded in the harshest way that the United States has violent and cowardly enemies--that while the cold war is over, the world is a more dangerous place.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In January 1776, this 29-year-old Lutheran minister gave a sermon about the fight for independence in which he quoted Ecclesiastes: ``There is an appointed time for everything.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ NAPOLITANO. Mr. Speaker, I thank my good friend for yielding time, and I join my colleagues in support of this resolution authorizing the use of military force.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The U.S. armed forces as a whole possess large quantities of advanced and powerful equipment, which gives them significant capabilities in both defense and power projection.^ Indeed, each of us must give pause in our hearts as we start the men and women of our Armed Forces down this path.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We also enjoy much better power projection capability to move our joint warfighting team.
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^ As a result of support of Congress and the American public, our Armed Forces have improved intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capability.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Contents

History

.The history of the United States armed forces dates to 1775, even before the Declaration of Independence marked the establishment of the United States.^ The forces can be withdrawn at anytime and the United States .
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^ Are the United States highly trained armed .
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^ Before he took office, seven slave states declared their secession —which the federal government maintained was illegal—and formed the Confederate States of America .
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.The Continental Army, Continental Navy, and Continental Marines were created in close succession by the Second Continental Congress in order to defend the new nation against the British Empire in the American Revolutionary War.^ We knew that we would fight against another sovereign nation in a traditional war that would involve the full range of our military forces.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I have raised the concern that we need more time to explain to the American people that this is a new kind of protracted war.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And in authorizing the President this power, we must ensure that we protect innocent people and nations and that we, as a Nation, do not use this authority to go back in time against innocent Americans.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

These forces demobilized in 1784 after the Treaty of Paris ended the War of Independence. .The Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on June 14, 1784, yet for a period the United States did not have a standing army.^ On June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress , convening in Philadelphia , established a Continental Army under the command of George Washington .
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^ The current name was finalized on November 15, 1777, when the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation , which states, "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America.'"
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^ During the initial post Cold War period, the United States is .
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.The 1787 adoption of the Constitution gave the Congress the power to "raise and support armies," "provide and maintain a navy," and to "make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces," as well as the power to declare war and gave the President the responsibility of being the military's commander-in-chief.^ We do not make a formal declaration of war today.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We, the Congress, have a constitutional duty to partner with the President in undertaking military action.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under our Constitution, the President of the United States is commander in chief.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Rising tensions at various times with Britain and France the ensuing Quasi-War and War of 1812 quickened the development of the United States Navy (established October 13, 1775) and the United States Marine Corps (established 10 November 1775).^ United States war fighting ability.
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^ The rise of Nazism in the 1930s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi , to immigrate to the United States.
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^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States Coast Guard dates its origin to the founding of the Revenue Cutter Service in 1790; that service merged with the United States Life-Saving Service in 1915 to establish the Coast Guard.^ The economy is postindustrial , with the service sector contributing 67.8% of GDP, though the United States remains an industrial power.
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^ The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Justice of the United States , has nine members, who serve for life.
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^ With the 1729 division of the Carolinas and the 1732 colonization of Georgia , the thirteen British colonies that would become the United States of America were established.
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.The United States Air Force was established as an independent service in 1947; it traces its origin to the formation of the Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps in 1907 and was part of the U.S. Army before becoming an independent service.^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When two or more army corps are united.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Forces--In service of the several states .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Budget

U.S. military spending from 1910 to 2007, adjusted for inflation to 2003 dollars. The large spike represents World War II spending.
U.S. military spending from 1910 to 2007 as a percentage of GDP. (GNP before 1930.)
.The United States has the largest defense budget in the world.^ After a decade of peace, we are reminded in the harshest way that the United States has violent and cowardly enemies--that while the cold war is over, the world is a more dangerous place.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The change—the role of the Department of Defense will not change with respect to the United States of America in this important sense: We are not asking that posse comitatus be changed.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The armed forces of the United States are the best in the world.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In fiscal year 2010, the Department of Defense has a base budget of $533.8 billion.^ The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2010, $533.8 billion, is a 4% increase over 2009 and 80% higher than in 2001; an additional $130 billion is proposed for the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan.
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^ "Base Structure Report, Fiscal Year 2008 Baseline" .
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.An additional $130.0 billion was requested for operations in the War on Terrorism.^ There are reports today that the command for the existing war on terrorism may be shifting to the special operations folks.
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^ The Congress has already agreed to provide significant additional funds for the war on terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[4][7] .Outside of direct Department of Defense spending, the United States spends another $185–237 billion each year on other defense-related programs, such as Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security, nuclear weapons maintenance, and the State Department.^ United States laws relating to Ordnance department.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ordnance department; Provisions of United States laws relating to .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This unspeakable attack on the United States has forced me to rely on my moral compass, my conscience, and my God for direction.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.By service, $225.2 billion was allocated for the Army, $171.7 billion for the Navy and Marine Corps, $160.5 billion for the Air Force and $106.4 billion for defense-wide spending.^ The United States Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army , Navy , Marine Corps , and Air Force .
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^ The air defense forces.
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^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8] .By function, $154.2 billion was requested for personnel, $283.3 billion for operations and maintenance, $140.1 billion for procurement, $79.1 billion for research and development, $23.9 billion for military construction, and $3.1 billion for family housing.^ Outside of the United States, the military operates 865 bases and facilities, 47 with personnel deployed to more than 150 countries.
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[9]
In fiscal year 2009, major defense programs also saw continued funding. $4.1 billion was requested for the next generation fighter, F-22 Raptor, which will roll out an additional twenty planes for FY 2009. $6.7 billion was requested for the F-35 Lightning II, which is still in development. Sixteen planes will be built as part of the funding. .The Future Combat System program is expected to see $3.6 billion for its development.^ This legislation fails to develop a strategy to combat and prevent potential or future acts of terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

A total of $12.3 billion was requested for missile defense, which includes Patriot CAP, PAC-3 and SBIRS-High systems. $720 million was also included for a third missile defense site in Europe. $4.2 billion was also requested to continue the aircraft carrier replacement program. With the addition of AFRICOM, $389 million was requested to develop and maintain the new command.[10]
.Historically, defense-related spending in the United States is at its highest inflation-adjusted level since World War II. Per-capita spending is at approximately the same inflation-adjusted level as the peak of the late-1980s Cold War military build-up and the 1968 peak of the Vietnam War.^ Manifesto of Congress relating to the existing war with the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States--Manifesto of Congress in relation to the existing war with the United States .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ War--Manifesto of Congress in relation to the existing war with the United States .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

In his most-recent budget, President Obama has proposed gradually decreasing Department of Defense spending by 15% over the next five years, from a peak of $675 billion (2009 dollars) in FY2010 to $575 billion (2009 dollars) in FY2014.[11]

Personnel

Active duty U.S. military personnel from 1950 to 2003. The two peaks correspond to the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
.As of February 28, 2009 1,454,515 people are on active duty[12] in the military with an additional 848,000 people in the seven reserve components.^ Retrieved 2009-12-28 .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Secretary RUMSFELD. We already have 70,000 Guard and Reserve activated, and we have got 20,000 stop-holds on people not getting out, and we would need some more.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ After serving on active duty as a Navy pilot, I also served in the Reserves for a number of years, and I quite agree with your assessment.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[3] .It is an all volunteer military, however, conscription can be enacted by the request of the President and the approval of Congress.^ That the President be authorized to continue the appointments made by him in the military and naval service, during the recesses of Congress, or during the last or present session, and to submit them to Congress at the commencement of its next session.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Page 167 all officers, civil, military, and naval, established by law: Provided , Such appointments shall be submitted to the Congress when it reassembles, for its advice and consent.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the military exigencies of the Confederate States render it absolutely necessary that the arms of the volunteers now in the service should be kept within the control of the President of the Confederate .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The United States military is the second largest in the world, after the People's Liberation Army of China, and has troops deployed around the globe.^ The United States is the world's largest consumer of petroleum.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whether the United States or the People's Republic of China is larger is disputed .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States (US) troops on United .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.In early 2007, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates proposed to the President to increase the overall size of the Army and Marine Corps to meet the needs of the War on Terrorism.^ The Secretary of Defense has said it is war.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ America is united behind our President, behind our Armed Forces, and behind all those who will join in our war against terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After this authorization, Congress and the President will need to re-visit the threat of terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[13] .Current plans are to increase the Army to 547,400 and the Marine Corps to 202,000 by 2012. The expansion will cost a total of $90.7 billion between 2009 and 2013 as the Navy and Air Force undergo a limited force reduction.^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That if any person who has been or is about to be enrolled for service in the army shall, at any time before being assigned to any company, declare to the enrolling or commanding officer that he prefers being enrolled for service in the navy or the marine corps, it shall be the duty of the said officer to enroll such person for the service which he may prefer, and to .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[14] .In addition, in 2009, Gates proposed increasing the size of the Army by 22,000 troops in order to reduce fatigue from multiple trips overseas, and to compensate for troops who are in recovery away from their units.^ The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2010, $533.8 billion, is a 4% increase over 2009 and 80% higher than in 2001; an additional $130 billion is proposed for the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of our Arab and Muslim Americans came to the United States to get away from the very same type of extremists as those who attacked our country.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In September 2009, there were about 130,000 U.S. troops deployed to Iraq and 62,000 deployed to Afghanistan.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.As in most militaries, members of the U.S. Armed Forces hold a rank, either that of officer, warrant, or enlisted, and can be promoted.^ Member's armed forces.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Temporary military rank and command to officers of .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Personnel in each service

As of May 2009[15] Female numbers as of 30 September 2008[16]
Component Military Enlisted Officer Female Civilian
United States Department of the Army Seal.svg Army 548,000 456,651 88,093 73,902 243,172
USMC logo.svg Marine Corps[17] 203,095 182,147 20,639 12,290
US-DeptOfNavy-Seal.svg Navy 332,000 276,276 51,093 50,008 182,845
Seal of the US Air Force.svg Air Force 323,000 261,193 64,370 64,137 154,032
USCG S W.svg Coast Guard 41,000 32,647 8,051 4,965 7,396
Total Active 1,445,000 1,174,563 224,144 200,337 580,049
National Guard.gif Army National Guard 353,000
United States AR seal.svg Army Reserve 205,000
MarforresLogo.jpg Marine Forces Reserve 40,000
United States NR Seal.svg Navy Reserve 67,000
Air national guard shield.svg Air National Guard 107,000
Air Force Reserve Command.png Air Force Reserve 67,000
United States Coast Guard Reserve emblem.png Coast Guard Reserve 11,000
Total Reserve 850,000
Other DOD Personnel 97,976

Personnel stationing

Overseas

.As of March 31, 2008, U.S. armed forces were stationed at more than 820 installations in at least 135 countries.^ We ought to look for somebody for a year, a year and a half, two years, and we would be delighted to have more coalition forces in the country helping.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States has won 2,301 medals at the Summer Olympic Games , more than any other country, 203 and 216 in the Winter Olympic Games , the second most.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Total U.S. military spending in 2008, more than $600 billion, was over 41% of global military spending and greater than the next fourteen largest national military expenditures combined.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .Some of the largest contingents are the 142,000 military personnel in Iraq, the 56,222 in Germany (see list), the 33,122 in Japan (USFJ), 28,500 in Republic of Korea (USFK), 31,100 in Afghanistan and approximately 9,700 each in Italy and the United Kingdom.^ The American people think that we are at peace with Iraq, but the Iraqi military sees U.S. and British armed forces bombing them about every week.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Demographics of the United States See also: Immigration to the United States Largest ancestry groups by county, 2000 The United States population is projected by the U.S. Census Bureau to be 308,326,000, 2 including an estimated 11.2 million illegal immigrants .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As of October 9, 2009, the United States had suffered 4,349 military fatalities during the Iraq War , 53 and 869 during the War in Afghanistan .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These numbers change frequently due to the regular recall and deployment of units.^ My understanding is that a study was made and the number of these chemical-biological elements units that were needed was calculated, and it was something less than 50.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Altogether, 84,488 military personnel are located in Europe, 154 in the former Soviet Union, 70,719 in East Asia and the Pacific, 7,850 in North Africa, the Near East, and South Asia, 2,727 are in sub-Saharan Africa with 2,043 in the Western Hemisphere excepting the United States itself.^ Do we know to what extent the Iraqis have been able to borrow technology from others, perhaps including the Soviet Union or the Russians, today—or others, or former Soviet States?
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States does not train nor want its military to do .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are—the United States military armed forces is ready to respond to whatever the—— Page 82 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     Mr.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Within the United States

Including U.S. territories and ships afloat within territorial waters
.A total of 1,118,027 personnel are on active duty within the United States and its territories (including those afloat):[19] The vast majority, 883,430 of them, are stationed at various bases within the Contiguous United States.^ The United States and other major powers .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States, and ask for its immediate consideration in the House.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Our Commander in Chief and the Congress will work together to bring to justice and to punish those responsible for trying to bring the United States to its knees.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

There are an additional 36,827 in Hawaii and 19,828 in Alaska. .90,218 are at sea while there are 2,970 in Guam and 137 in Puerto Rico.^ The Philippines gained independence a half-century later; Puerto Rico and Guam remain U.S. territories.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States also possesses five major overseas territories: Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; and American Samoa , Guam , and the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Victory in the Spanish–American War the same year demonstrated that the United States was a world power and led to the annexation of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Types of Personnel

Enlisted

Service members of the United States at an American football event, L-R: U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and U.S. Army personnel.
.Prospective service members are often recruited from high school and college, the target age being those ages 18 to 28. With the permission of a parent or guardian, applicants can enlist at the age of 17 and participate in the Delayed Entry Program (DEP).^ Of Americans twenty-five and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended some college, 27.2% earned a bachelor's degree , and 9.6% earned graduate degrees.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this program, the applicant is given the opportunity to participate in locally sponsored military-related activities, which can range from sports to competitions (each recruiting station DEP program will vary), led by recruiters or other military liaisons.^ Two hours of daily participation were compulsory and the best athletes were on varsity teams that played other military and college teams.
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A series of U.S. military incursions into Florida led Spain to cede it and other Gulf Coast territory in 1819.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NEGATIVE NO. 1383 Sports Program - general view of activities.
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After enlistment, new recruits undergo Basic Training (also known as boot camp in the Navy, Coast Guard and Marines), followed by schooling in their primary Military Occupational Specialty (MOS)or rating at any of the numerous training facilities around the world.^ While our military capabilities have improved over the past decade, the foundation of our success remains our Sailors, Soldiers, Airmen, Marines and Coast Guardsmen.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and the Department of the Navy in time of war.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Each branch conducts basic training differently. .For example, Marines send all non-infantry MOS’s to an infantry skills course known as Marine Combat Training prior to their technical schools, while Air Force Basic Military Training graduates attend Technical Training and are awarded an Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC) at the apprentice (3) skill level.^ Secretary RUMSFELD. Well, we have to begin questions like that, of course, with the fact that the President has made no recommendation at this stage with respect to using military force in Iraq.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Of Americans twenty-five and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended some college, 27.2% earned a bachelor's degree , and 9.6% earned graduate degrees.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the passage of this resolution, the President of the United States will have the authority to apply all the military force he deems necessary to terminate terrorist threats against this country.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The terms for this vary greatly, all non-infantry Army recruits undergo Basic Combat Training (BCT), followed by Advanced Individual Training (AIT), while all combat arms recruits go to OSUT, one station unit training which combines basic and AIT, while the Navy send its recruits to Recruit Training and then to "A" schools to earn a rating.^ As the President told the United Nations in one place in one regime, we find all of these dangers in their most lethal and aggressive forms.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ All questions in regard to the assimilated rank between officers of the Provisional Army and Provisional Navy, and between officers of the Regular Navy and Provisional Navy, shall be fixed by regulation.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Spanish settlements in the region were followed by ones in the present-day southwestern United States that drew thousands through Mexico.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Coast Guard's recruits attend basic training and follow with an "A" school to earn a rating.^ Of Americans twenty-five and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended some college, 27.2% earned a bachelor's degree , and 9.6% earned graduate degrees.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Initially, recruits without higher education or college degrees will hold the pay grade of E-1, and will be elevated to E-2 usually soon after the completion of Basic Training.^ The United States has many competitive private and public institutions of higher education , as well as local community colleges with open admission policies.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That the President is authorized to appoint officers of the Regular Navy to any higher grade under the act above mentioned [584], without prejudice to their position under their original appointment.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Different services have different incentive programs for enlistees, such as higher initial ranks for college credit and referring friends who go on to enlist as well.^ Page 87 of quartermasters, assistant quartermasters, commissaries, or assistant commissaries shall detail from the ranks under his command such person or persons as may be necessary for service in the offices of said quartermasters, assistant quartermasters, commissaries and assistant commissaries.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The oath prescribed in the preceding section may be made by all persons below the rank of colonel, before the colonel or commanding officer of the regiment to which such persons may be attached; and said oath may be made by colonels, and all officers superior in rank to colonels, and by all persons enlisted in the military service of the Confederate States not attached to regiments, before any commissioned officer of the Confederate States of rank higher than that of colonel.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ To all who may hereafter volunteer or enlist for three years or for the war, to be paid at the time of entry into service [126].
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Participation in DEP is one way recruits can achieve rank before their departure to Basic Training.
.There are several different authorized pay grade advancement requirements in each junior enlisted rank category (E-1 to E-3), which differ by service.^ That hereafter there shall be allowed one additional sergeant to each company in the service of the Confederate States, making, in all, five sergeants per company, who shall receive the same pay and allowances as are provided by existing laws for that grade [75].
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the President be and he is hereby authorized to raise a corps for the temporary and special service on the western waters, to cause to be enlisted a number of men not exceeding six thousand, and of such commissioned and non-commissioned officers, and of such rank, either naval or military, as the President may deem necessary, who shall severally receive such pay and allowances as he may determine.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the President be and he is hereby authorized to appoint for the volunteer forces in the Confederate service as many assistant adjutants-general as the service may require, whose rank shall correspond with the rank of the assistant adjutants-general in the regular army, and who shall receive the same pay and allowances, according to their respective grades [72].
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Enlistees in the Army can attain the initial pay grade of E-4 (Specialist) with a full four-year degree, but the highest initial entry pay grade is usually E-3 (Members of the Army Band program can expect to enter service at the grade of E-4).^ After he shall have seen thirteen years' sea-service, one thousand four hundred and fifty dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I. Property of each head of a family to the value of five hundred dollars; and for each minor child of the family to the further value of one hundred dollars; and for each son actually engaged in the army or navy, or who has died or been killed in the military or naval service, and who was a member of the family when he entered the service, to the further value of five hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After he shall have seen eleven years' sea-service, one thousand four hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Promotion through the junior enlisted ranks occurs upon attaining a specified number of years of service (which can be waived by the Soldiers chain of command), a specified level of technical proficiency, and/or maintenance of good conduct.^ That all companies of volunteers, now in the service of the Confederate States under enlistment for the term of twelve months, may be recruited by enlisting or receiving volunteers for three years or the war, to a number not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five, rank and file, and companies so recruited shall, at the expiration of the term of service of the original company, elect their commissioned officers; and vacancies thereafter occurring in the commissioned offices of such companies shall be filled by promotion of said commissioned officers, except that vacancies in the lowest grade of such officers shall be filled by election.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Rank and command upon officers on duty in certain bureaus.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ To all who may hereafter volunteer or enlist for three years or for the war, to be paid at the time of entry into service [126].
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Promotion can be denied with reason.

Non-commissioned officers

.With very few exceptions, becoming a non-commissioned officer (NCO) in the United States military is accomplished by progression through the lower enlisted ranks.^ Outside of the United States, the military operates 865 bases and facilities, 47 with personnel deployed to more than 150 countries.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American public education is operated by state and local governments, regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the 1729 division of the Carolinas and the 1732 colonization of Georgia , the thirteen British colonies that would become the United States of America were established.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, unlike promotion through the lower enlisted tier, promotion to NCO is generally competitive. .NCO ranks begin at E-4 or E-5, depending upon service, and are generally attained between three and six years of service.^ No officer under the rank of brigadier-general shall hereafter be entitled to forage or commutation for forage for more than one horse, except when on service in the field.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For twenty years' service and upward, after the date of his commission as surgeon, two thousand three hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For the second three years' sea-service after the date of his warrant, nine hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Junior NCOs function as first-line supervisors and squad leaders, training the junior enlisted in their duties and guiding their career advancement.
.While considered part of the non-commissioned officer corps by law, senior non-commissioned officers (SNCOs) referred to as Chief Petty Officers in the Navy and Coast Guard, or staff non-commissioned officers in the Marine Corps, perform duties more focused on leadership rather than technical expertise.^ Marine corps--Bounty allowed to non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Appointment of commissioned officers of the Provisional Navy .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Meritorious non-commissioned officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Promotion to the SNCO ranks, E-7 through E-9 (E-6 through E-9 in the Marine Corps) is highly competitive. .Manning at the pay grades of E-8 and E-9 are limited by federal law to 2.5 percent and 1 percent of a service's enlisted force, respectively.^ The pay, emoluments,, and allowances for the officers of the Ordnance department shall be the same as the pay, emoluments, and allowances now allowed to officers of similar grades respectively, in the artillery of the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Page 125 respective grades by the laws of Virginia and the laws and army regulations of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That hereafter there shall be allowed one additional sergeant to each company in the service of the Confederate States, making, in all, five sergeants per company, who shall receive the same pay and allowances as are provided by existing laws for that grade [75].
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

SRNCOs act as leaders of small units and as staff. Some SRNCOs manage programs at headquarters level and a select few wield responsibility at the highest levels of the military structure. Most unit commanders have a SRNCO as an enlisted advisor. .All SRNCOs are expected to mentor junior commissioned officers as well as the enlisted in their duty sections.^ And the said commissioned officers shall be entitled to the same allowances as all other commissioned officers of the army, and the same right to draw forage for horses as is accorded to officers of like rank in the engineer corps; and the enlisted men shall receive the same rations and allowances as are granted to all other enlisted men in the army.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Any commissioned officer who shall be found drunk on his guard, party, or other duty, shall be cashiered.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the Secretary of War may assign such officers, and order the detail of such non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and seamen for such duty as they shall be qualified to perform.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

The typical enlistee can expect to attain SRNCO rank after 10 to 16 years of service.
.Each of the five services employs a single Senior Enlisted Advisor at departmental level.^ No enlisted man in the service of the Confederate States shall be employed as a servant by any officer of the army.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This individual is the highest ranking enlisted member within his/her respective service and functions as the chief advisor to the service secretary, service chief of staff, and Congress on matters concerning the enlisted force.^ The USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier The president holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Before I start I would like to take a minute and just thank Chairman Stump for his 26 years of service to our Nation as a Member of Congress.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

These individuals carry responsibilities and protocol requirements equivalent to general and flag officers. They are as follows:

Warrant Officer

.Additionally, all services except for the Air Force have an active Warrant Officer corps.^ All vacancies in established regiments and corps, to and including the rank of colonel, shall be filled by promotion according to seniority, except in case of disability or other incompetency.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ No officer under the rank of brigadier-general shall hereafter be entitled to forage or commutation for forage for more than one horse, except when on service in the field.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Above the rank of Warrant Officer One, these officers may also be commissioned, but usually serve in a more technical and specialized role within units.^ That in all cases of officers who have resigned, or who may within six months tender their resignations from the Army of the United States, and who have been or may be appointed to original vacancies in the Army of the Confederate States, the commissions issued shall bear one and the same date, so that the relative rank of officers of each grade shall be determined by their former commissions in the United States army, held anterior to the secession of these Confederate States from the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ III. Each officer, soldier, or seaman in the army or navy, or who has been discharged therefrom for wounds, and is not worth more than one thousand dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Warrant Officers .--Every boatswain, gunner, carpenter, and sail-maker on duty at sea, for the first three years' sea-service after the date of his warrant, one thousand dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.More recently though they can also serve in more traditional leadership roles associated with the more recognizable officer corps.^ Officers having brevets or commissions of a prior date to those of the corps in which they serve, will take place on courts-martial or of inquiry, and on boards detailed for .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That commanders of corps and departments be and they are hereby authorized to detail field-officers as members of military courts, whenever any of the judges of said courts shall be disqualified, by consanguinity .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.With one notable exception (helicopter and fixed wing pilots in the U.S. Army), these officers ordinarily have already been in the military often serving in senior NCO positions in the field in which they later serve as a Warrant Officer as a technical expert.^ The one notable exception was Korea in 1950, where the .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ But then in the later years, the only person there when they got to these facilities, the vast majority, was the piano player.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Most Army pilots have served some enlisted time. .It is also possible to enlist, complete basic training, go directly to the Warrant Officer Candidate school at Fort Rucker, Alabama, and then on to flight school.^ These images document the work of the Pre-flight School and they include both training and social activities.
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Warrant officers in the U.S. military garner the same customs and courtesies as commissioned officers.^ The non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates serving in light batteries shall receive the same pay as those of cavalry.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Commissioned officers to be appointed, and warrant and petty officers and seamen to be employed.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Bounty to warrant officers, pilots, seamen, etc., of the navy, and to non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians of the marine corps .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They may attend the Officer's club, receive a command and are saluted by junior warrant officers and all enlisted service members.^ Field-officers may be detailed as members.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That whenever colored persons are employed as musicians in any regiment or company, they shall be entitled to the same pay now allowed by law to musicians regularly enlisted [75]: Provided , That no such person shall be so employed except by the consent of the commanding officer of the brigade to which said regiments or companies may belong.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates may be retired or discharged from the service .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

The Air Force ceased to grant warrants in 1959 when the grades of E-8 and E-9 were created. .Most non-flying duties performed by warrant officers in other services are instead performed by senior NCOs in the Air Force.^ Duty; officers or privates to be paid for performing .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That all officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, privates, and seamen who have or shall become disabled by wounds or other injuries received, or disease contracted in the service of the Confederate States and in the line of duty, shall be retired or discharged from their respective positions, as hereinafter provided.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates may be retired or discharged from the service .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Commissioned officers

.There are five common ways to receive a commission as an officer in one of the branches of the U.S. military (although other routes are possible).^ There is one way and one way only, Mr. Speaker, to respond to acts of war, and that is to declare war.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not only justified, but there is no more legitimate use of military than to defend one's country from acts of foreign attack.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There are other countries that are—that we would like to have cooperating in ways, and they have not made judgment.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)
  • Officer Candidate School (OCS): This can be through active-duty OCS academies, or, in the case of the National Guard, through state-run academies.
  • Service academies (United States Military Academy at West Point, New York; United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; United States Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs, Colorado; the United States Coast Guard Academy at New London, Connecticut; and the United States Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, New York.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The devastation in New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington is not limited to the United States.
    • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Department of Defense Active Duty Military Personnel Strengths by Regional Area and by Country (309A)" .
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    )
  • .
  • Direct commission - civilians who have special skills that are critical to sustaining military operations and supporting troops may receive direct commissions.^ SUPPORT OUR TROOPS/OPERATION IRAQI(3").
    • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]
    • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]

    .These officers occupy leadership positions in the following areas: law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nurse corps, intelligence, supply-logistics-transportation, engineering, public affairs, chaplain corps, oceanography, and others.
  • Battlefield commission - Under certain conditions, enlisted personnel who have skills that separate them from their peers can become officers by direct commissioning of a commander so authorized to grant them.^ Of general officer charged, under the direction of a commanding general, with the administration of his army .
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For officers authorized to raise commands, 107.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ US supplying transportation and logistical .
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    This type of commission is rarely granted and is reserved only for the most exceptional enlisted personnel; it is done on an ad hoc basis, typically only in wartime. No direct battlefield commissions have been awarded since the Vietnam War. .The Air Force and Navy do not employ this commissioning path.
  • Limited Duty Officer - Due to the highly-technical nature of some officer billets, the Navy employs a system of promoting proven senior enlisted members to the ranks of commissioned officers.^ Some senior members of the US .
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Officers; rank and duties.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Officers not to employ enlisted men as servants.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    They fill a need that is similar to, but distinct from that filled by Warrant Officers (to the point where their accession is through the same school). .While Warrant Officers remain technical experts, LDOs take on the role of a generalist, like that of officers commissioned through more traditional sources.^ Officers having brevets or commissions of a prior date to those of the corps in which they serve, will take place on courts-martial or of inquiry, and on boards detailed for .
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In like manner, the commanding officer of every troop or company shall give certificates, signifying the reasons of the absence of the non-commissioned officers and private soldiers--which reasons .
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Commissioned officers to be appointed, and warrant and petty officers and seamen to be employed.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    LDOs are limited, not by their authority, but by the types of billets they are allowed to fill. However, in recent times, they have come to be used more and more like their more-traditional counterparts.
.Officers receive a commission assigning them to the officer corps from the President (with the consent of the Senate).^ That the staff officers herein provided for shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Congress, and shall receive such pay and allowances as shall be hereafter established by law.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All commissioned officers of the Regular Navy shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, whenever, in his judgment, the public service requires their appointment, and in such numbers as he may think necessary, to the following ranks and grades, viz: Admirals, vice-admirals, rear-admirals, commodores, and to such other ranks and grades as may exist in the Regular Navy.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Officers having brevets or commissions of a prior date to those of the corps in which they serve, will take place on courts-martial or of inquiry, and on boards detailed for .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

To accept this commission, all officers must take an oath of office.
Through their careers, officers usually will receive further training at one or a number of the many staff colleges.
Company-grade officers (pay grades O-1 through O-3) function as leaders of smaller units or sections of a unit, typically with an experienced SNCO assistant and mentor.
.Field-grade officers (pay grades O-4 through O-6) lead significantly larger and more complex operations, with gradually more competitive promotion requirements.^ No officer under the rank of brigadier-general shall hereafter be entitled to forage or commutation for forage for more than one horse, except when on service in the field.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If we are to thrive through this century we must lead, ``for to whom much is given much is required.''
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The pay, emoluments,, and allowances for the officers of the Ordnance department shall be the same as the pay, emoluments, and allowances now allowed to officers of similar grades respectively, in the artillery of the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Officers in pay grades O-1 through O-3 are informally considered junior officers; those serving in pay grades O-4, O-5 and O-6 are sometimes recognized as senior officers.^ When the lowest grade of commissioned officers of a company, the position of senior second lieutenant and of first lieutenant, may be filled .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The pay, emoluments,, and allowances for the officers of the Ordnance department shall be the same as the pay, emoluments, and allowances now allowed to officers of similar grades respectively, in the artillery of the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When the lowest grade of commissioned officers of a company, the position of senior second lieutenant and first lieutenant may be filled .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.General officers, or flag officers, serve at the highest levels and oversee major portions of the military mission.^ Pay of officers and soldiers enrolled under command of Major-General Price.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Major General McKenzie's extensive career in UN missions.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Appointment of major and brigadier-generals and other officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Five Star Ranking

These are ranks of the highest honor and responsibility in the armed forces, but they are almost never given during peacetime service and are only held by a very few officers during wartime:
.No corresponding rank exists for the Marine Corps or the Coast Guard.^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That from and after the passage of this act enlistments in the marine corps shall be for the term of the existing war, or for the period of three years, as the recruit may elect at the time of enlistment.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Officers of the engineer corps and of the engineer troops of the Provisional Army, of equal rank, may, with mutual consent, be transferred: Provided , The relative rank of no officer of either corps be prejudiced thereby.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Like three and four-star ranks, Congress is the approving authority of a five-star rank confirmation.^ All officers of the army shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Congress, and the rank and file shall be enlisted for a term not less than three nor more than five years, under such regulations as may be established.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The rank of General of the Armies is considered senior to General of the Army, but was never held by active duty officers at the same time as persons who held the rank of General of the Army.^ At the same time, I am troubled about reports of various terrorist cells that are still active in that country.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ SHIMKUS. Mr. Speaker, as a former active duty Army officer and current reservist, the day I have most dreaded is here.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We will consider any person or nation who harbors them or aids them or authorizes their activities to be just as guilty.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It has been held by two people: John J. Pershing who received the rank in 1919 after World War I, and George Washington who received it posthumously in 1976 as part of the American Bicentennial celebrations.^ Victory in the Spanish–American War the same year demonstrated that the United States was a world power and led to the annexation of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I. All who shall be held unfit for military service, under rules to be proscribed by the Secretary of War.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a military power.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pershing, appointed to General of the Armies in active duty status for life, was still alive at the time of the first five-star appointments during World War II, and was thereby acknowledged as superior in grade by seniority to any World War II era Generals of the Army.^ When an army officer is appointed Secretary of War .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When an officer of the army is appointed Secretary of War.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When the lowest grade of commissioned officers of a company, the position of senior second lieutenant and of first lieutenant, may be filled .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.George Washington's appointment by Public Law 94-479 to General of the Armies of the United States was established by law as having "rank and precedence over all other grades of the Army, past or present," making him not only superior to Pershing, but superior to any grade in the United States Army in perpetuity.^ United States as the hegemon, any other alternative .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States makes foreign .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the United States there are three generally .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

Demographic controversies

.Though women may serve as military police, fighter pilots, and on combat ships, as of 2008, female service members are prohibited by policy from intentional assignment to certain ground combat forces, and from serving on submarines.^ As a member of the Armed Service Committee, I along with my committee colleagues will perform our duty in providing U.S. Armed Forces the necessary resources to deter and defeat the threat of terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We stand united in support of the men and women who serve us in the Armed Forces and who will help us achieve justice.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This joint resolution may be cited as the ``Authorization for Use of Military Force''.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.(See History of women in the military#United States.^ What military commitment will be required from the United States at the time of our victory and in the years to come?
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Repeal of United States law relative to arms and military supplies of a patented invention.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We are—the United States military armed forces is ready to respond to whatever the—— Page 82 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     Mr.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

)
.The "don't ask, don't tell" law (10 U.S.C. § 654) allows homosexuals to serve in the military as long as they do not disclose their sexual orientation; the Government is also not allowed to ask service members or prospective recruits about their sexual orientation.^ In this collection of dust, one of the workers who had been there for some time asked me, he said, ``Tell me, we have been isolated here, we have been on premises, we don't have access to TV and radio; what are the American people saying, what are they thinking, what are you folks, members of Congress, hearing from back home?''
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And it has got a population that is held hostage and is not enamored of the government, and it has a military that has a pattern of recognizing that it is better off not fighting for terribly long.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ As a member of the Committee on Armed Services, I have confidence in the men and women who serve this country in uniform.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Since the policy was enacted in 1993 by President Bill Clinton, thousands of service members have continued to be discharged when their orientation came to the attention of the military.^ That the President be authorized to continue the appointments made by him in the military and naval service, during the recesses of Congress, or during the last or present session, and to submit them to Congress at the commencement of its next session.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Legislature - Congress House of Representatives · Speaker of the House Senate · President of the Senate Executive - President Vice President Executive Office Cabinet / executive departments Independent agencies Civil service · Policies .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From military service of members of certain Christian denominations.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Both policies have been the subject of high-profile public controversy in the 1990s and 2000s, with advocates citing military necessity and the special requirements of combat conditions, and opponents denying military necessity and characterizing the policies as unjustified discrimination.
Non-citizens are allowed to join the U.S. military (but not to serve as officers) if they possess a green card. Green card holders are required to register for Selective Service.[20] Those serving are given an expedited citizenship process. .40,000 non-citizens are currently enlisted with 8,000 enlistments a year.^ They began arriving at least 12,000 and as many as 40,000 years ago.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21][22] .Federal law allows application for citizenship after one year of active service and President Bush signed an executive order allowing non-citizens to apply for citizenship after only one day of active-duty military service.^ After he shall have seen thirteen years' sea-service, one thousand four hundred and fifty dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the President be authorized to continue the appointments made by him in the military and naval service, during the recesses of Congress, or during the last or present session, and to submit them to Congress at the commencement of its next session.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After fifteen years' service after the date of his commission, one thousand five hundred dollars.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[21] A program to recruit a limited number of specially skilled immigrants with only temporary immigration status drew some controversy.[23] Illegal immigrants are not allowed to enlist although some have completed JROTC.[21]
.African-American representation in high quality Army recruits has declined by 7.1 percent between 2000 and 2007. The primary factor driving this decrease appears to be the American involvement in Operation Iraqi Freedom.^ The price of freedom is high, and Americans have always paid .
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Operation Iraqi Freedom" .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM U.S.N.(3").
  • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]
  • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]

[24]
Representation of numerous religious affiliations is present throughout the branches of the military.[25]

Order of precedence

.Under current Department of Defense regulation, the various components of the Armed Forces have a set order of seniority.^ And it shall also be the duty of the Colonel or senior officer of the Ordnance department to furnish estimates, and, under the direction of the Secretary for the Department of War, to make contracts and purchases for procuring the necessary supplies of arms, equipments, ordnance, and ordnance stores.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Any general officer commanding an army, or commanding a force of cavalry not with and under the immediate command of the commander of an army, or other officer commanding a separate department, may appoint general courts-martial whenever necessary.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Rations shall generally be issued in kind; but under circumstances rendering a commutation necessary, the commutation value of the ration shall be fixed by regulations of the War department, to be approved by the President.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Examples of the use of this system include the display of service flags, placement of Soldiers, Marines, Sailors, and Airmen in formation, etc.^ The longer answer is over the past decade, and I would admit earlier in the decade, our capability to deal with weapons of mass destruction for our soldiers and sailors and airmen, marines, coast guardmen was uneven.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ God bless the victims and their families, God bless our brave soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ While our military capabilities have improved over the past decade, the foundation of our success remains our Sailors, Soldiers, Airmen, Marines and Coast Guardsmen.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.When the United States Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Navy; the cadets, United States Coast Guard Academy, the United States Coast Guard, and the Coast Guard Reserve shall take precedence, respectively, after the midshipmen, United States Naval Academy; the United States Navy; and Naval Reserve.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The change—the role of the Department of Defense will not change with respect to the United States of America in this important sense: We are not asking that posse comitatus be changed.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[26]
  • Cadets, US Military Academy
  • Midshipmen, US Naval Academy
  • Cadets, United States Coast Guard Academy (when the Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Navy)
  • Cadets, US Air Force Academy
  • Midshipmen, US Merchant Marine Academy
  • United States Army
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy
  • United States Air Force
  • United States Coast Guard (when the Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Navy)
  • Army National Guard of the United States
  • United States Army Reserve
  • United States Marine Corps Reserve
  • United States Naval Reserve
  • United States Coast Guard Reserve (when the Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Navy)
  • Air National Guard of the United States
  • United States Air Force Reserve
  • Other training and auxiliary organizations of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard, as in the preceding order.
.Note: While the United States Navy is actually older than the United States Marine Corps [27], the Marine Corps takes precedence over the Navy due to previous inconsistencies in the Navy's birth date.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[27] .The Marine Corps, however, has recognized its observed birth date on a more consistent basis.^ Marine corps--Of what to consist .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[27] .The Second Continental Congress established the Navy on October 13, 1775[27] and the Marines Corps in November 10, 1775.[27] The Navy did not officially recognize October 13, 1775 as its birth date until 1972 when, then-Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Zumwalt authorized it to be observed as such.^ On June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress , convening in Philadelphia , established a Continental Army under the command of George Washington .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The current name was finalized on November 15, 1777, when the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation , which states, "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America.'"
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It gives the President flexibility as Commander in Chief to conduct military operations as he sees fit, but it also requires the President to consult and report to Congress.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ Persons 17 years of age, with parental permission, can join the U.S. armed services.
  2. ^ http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/ms0.pdf
  3. ^ a b http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_bills&docid=f:s3001pcs.txt.pdf
  4. ^ a b c Updated Summary Tables, Budget of the United States Government Fiscal Year 2010 (Table S.12)
  5. ^ The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. Title 14 of the United States Code provides that "The Coast Guard as established 28 January 1915, shall be a military service and a branch of the armed forces of the United States at all times." Coast Guard units, or ships of its predecessor service, the Revenue Cutter Service, have seen combat in every war and armed conflict of the United States since 1790, including the Iraq War.
  6. ^ Moisés Naím. "Megaplayers Vs. Micropowers". http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=3476. Retrieved 18 December 2007. 
  7. ^ http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy09/pdf/budget/defense.pdf
  8. ^ Death and Taxes
  9. ^ Table 3.2—Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962–2014
  10. ^ http://www.ndia.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Advocacy/Action_Items/FY2009_Major_Weapons_Systems.pdf
  11. ^ Historical Outlays by Function and Subfunction
  12. ^ http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/rg0902.pdf
  13. ^ Bender, Bryan (12 January 2007). "Gates calls for buildup in troops". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2007/01/12/gates_calls_for_buildup_in_troops/. Retrieved 11 November 2007. 
  14. ^ http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/2009dodbud.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Magazine%20Documents/2009/May%202009/0509facts_fig.pdf
  16. ^ http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/rg0809f.pdf
  17. ^ Lamothe, Dan (Friday Oct 16, 2009 18:10:12 EDT). "Corps ends year with 203,000 active Marines". Marine Corps Times. Gannett Company. http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/2009/10/marine_202Kreached_101609w/. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  18. ^ "Active duty military personnel strengths by regional area and by country" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. 2008. http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/history/hst0803.pdf. Retrieved 19 September 2008. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Military Deployment" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/history/hst0803.pdf. 
  20. ^ Conscription in the United States, Selective Service
  21. ^ a b c Prepared Statement of The Honorable David S. C. Chu, Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness) Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, July 10, 2006
  22. ^ Through the military, a path to citizenship, Jeff Jacoby, Boston Globe, February 13, 2008
  23. ^ U.S. Military Will Offer Path to Citizenship, Julia Preston, New York Times, February 14, 2009
  24. ^ Explaining Recent Army and Navy Minority Recruiting Trends
  25. ^ Anderson Cooper 360: Religious preference in the military
  26. ^ Title 10, United States Code, section 118 (prior section 133b renumbered in 1986); DoD Directive 1005.8 dated 31 Oct 77 and AR 600-25
  27. ^ a b c d e f Precedence of the U.S. Navy and the Marine Corps Department of the Navy -- Naval History & Heritage Command, 04 October 2009

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
United States Armed Forces

Plural
-

United States Armed Forces

  1. (military) Used to denote collectively only the regular components of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard[1].

See also

  • Armed Forces of the United States.

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Joint Publication 1-02 U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms; 12 April 2001 (As Amended Through 14 April 2006).







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