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United States Deputy Secretary of State: Wikis

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The Deputy Secretaries of State of the United States are the chief assistants to the Secretary of State. If the Secretary of State resigns or dies, a Deputy Secretary of State becomes Acting Secretary of State until the President nominates and the Senate confirms a replacement. The position was created in 1972. Prior to July 13, 1972, the Under Secretary of State had been the second ranking officer of the Department. On December 23, 2008, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton appointed both James Steinberg and Jacob J. Lew to the position of Deputy Secretary of State. Lew's position focuses on budget and internal management affairs, while Steinberg is in charge of policy matters. They were confirmed by Congress on January 28, 2009.

Deputy Secretaries of State

Name Term of Office President(s) served under
John N. Irwin II July 13, 1972–February 1, 1973 Richard Nixon
Kenneth Rush February 2, 1973–May 29, 1974 Richard Nixon
Robert S. Ingersoll July 10, 1974–March 31, 1976 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
Charles W. Robinson April 9, 1976–January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
Warren Christopher February 26, 1977–January 16, 1981 Jimmy Carter
William P. Clark February 25, 1981–February 9, 1982 Ronald Reagan
Walter John Stoessel, Jr. February 11, 1982–September 22, 1982 Ronald Reagan
Kenneth W. Dam September 23, 1982–June 15, 1985 Ronald Reagan
John C. Whitehead July 9, 1985–January 20, 1989 Ronald Reagan
Lawrence Eagleburger January 20, 1989–August 19, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. January 27, 1993–November 8, 1993 Bill Clinton
Strobe Talbott February 22, 1994–January 19, 2001 Bill Clinton
Richard Armitage March 26, 2001–February 22, 2005 George W. Bush
Robert Zoellick February 22, 2005– July 7, 2006 George W. Bush
John Negroponte February 13, 2007– January 19, 2009 George W. Bush
James Steinberg January 28, 2009– Present Barack Obama
Jacob J. Lew January 28, 2009– Present Barack Obama
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