United States District Court for the District of Oregon: Wikis

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United States District Court for the District of Oregon
USdistrictOregon.gif
Established March 3, 1859
Jurisdiction United States United States
Location Portland, Oregon
Composition method Presidential appointment with Senatorial advice and consent
Authorized by 11 U.S.C. § 437 / Article III of the United States Constitution
Decisions are appealed to Ninth Circuit
Judge term length Life
Number of positions 6
Website Official site
Chief Judge
Currently Ann Aiken
Since 2009

The United States District Court for the District of Oregon (in case citations, D. Ore. or D. Or.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Oregon. It was created in 1859 when the state was admitted to the Union. Appellate jurisdiction belongs to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). Matthew P. Deady served as its first judge. Ann Aiken is the current (2009) chief judge, the first woman to hold that position on the court.[1]

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of Oregon represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is Karin J. Immergut.

Contents

Organization

The court has four divisional offices within the state (three with staff): Portland, Eugene, Medford, and Pendleton.[2] Portland’s division holds court at the Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse and handles cases from Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Hood River, Jefferson, Multnomah, Polk, Tillamook, Wasco, Washington, and Yamhill counties.[2] The Medford Division covers Curry, Jackson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake counties and meets at the James A. Redden United States Courthouse.[2][3] The Pendleton court includes Baker, Crook, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, and Wheeler and holds session at John F. Kilkenny United States Post Office and Courthouse.[2][4] The Wayne L. Morse United States Courthouse houses the Eugene Division that covers Benton, Coos, Deschutes, Douglas, Lane, Lincoln, Linn, and Marion counties.[2]

History

After Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859, the United States Congress created the District of Oregon encompassing the entire state on March 3, 1859.[5] The bill creating the district authorized a single judge and also designated it as a judicial circuit.[5] President James Buchanan appointed Matthew Deady as judge, and the court was to hold annual sessions in April and September at the seat of government in Salem.[6] Deady held the first session of the court on September 12, 1859, in Salem, but was able to have the court relocated to Portland by the September session of 1860.[6] Beginning in 1933, the court was housed in the United States Courthouse (now Gus J. Solomon United States Courthouse) before moving to the new Hatfield Courthouse in 1997.[7]

On March 3, 1863, Congress passed a law that removed the circuit court jurisdiction and transferred appeals court jurisdiction to the Tenth Circuit, and in 1866 transferred it again to the Ninth Circuit.[5] On April 18, 1877, court clerk Ralph Wilcox committed suicide in his office at the court using a Deringer pistol.[8] On March 27, 1885, judge Deady admitted Mary Leonard to the federal bar, the first woman admitted in Oregon.[9] In 1909, Congress adding an additional judge position to the court, followed by another judgeship in 1949.[5] On October 20, 1978, Congress passed a law authorizing two more positions on the bench of the Oregon court.[5] The first woman to serve on the court was Helen J. Frye, whose service began on February 20, 1980. In 1990, Congress added a sixth judgeship for the district.[5] Ancer L. Haggerty, the first African American on the court, began his service on March 28, 1994.

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Chief Judges

The District of Oregon met in the U.S. Custom House and Post Office of Portland until 1933.

Former and current Chief Judges for the court.[10]

Order Name Years on the Court
1. James A. Fee 1948-1954
2. Claude C. McColloch 1954-1958
3. Gus J. Solomon 1958-1971
4. Robert C. Belloni 1971-1976
5. Otto R. Skopil, Jr. 1976-1979
6. James M. Burns 1979-1984
7. Owen M. Panner 1984-1990
8. James A. Redden 1990-1995
9. Michael R. Hogan 1995-2002
10. Ancer L. Haggerty 2002-2009
11. Ann Aiken 2009-Present

Current judges

The current judges of the court including senior judges.[11]

Title Name Joined the Court Nominator Law School Graduated From
Senior judge Helen J. Frye 1980 Jimmy Carter University of Oregon School of Law
Senior judge Owen M. Panner 1980 Jimmy Carter University of Oklahoma College of Law
Senior judge James A. Redden 1980 Jimmy Carter Boston College Law School
Senior judge Malcolm F. Marsh 1987 Ronald Reagan University of Oregon School of Law
Senior judge Robert E. Jones 1990 George H. W. Bush Lewis & Clark Law School
Judge Michael R. Hogan 1991 George H. W. Bush Georgetown University Law Center
Senior Judge Ancer L. Haggerty 1994 Bill Clinton Hastings College of the Law
Chief Judge Ann Aiken 1998 Bill Clinton University of Oregon School of Law
Senior Judge Garr M. King 1998 Bill Clinton Lewis & Clark Law School
Judge Anna J. Brown 1999 Bill Clinton Lewis & Clark Law School
Judge Michael W. Mosman 2003 George W. Bush J. Reuben Clark Law School

Nominations and Vacancies

  • As of January 30, 2009, a vacancy exists in the District of Oregon due to the decision of Judge Garr M. King to assume senior status.[12] No replacement nomination is pending at this time.
  • As of August 26, 2009, a vacancy exists in the District of Oregon due to the decision of Judge Ancer L. Haggerty to assume senior status. No replacement nomination is pending at this time.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Courthouse News". Vol. XV, No. 1. United States District Court for the District of Oregon. January 20, 2009. p. 2. http://www.ord.uscourts.gov/news/xv1.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-10.  
  2. ^ a b c d e U.S. District Court District of Oregon: Local Rules of Civil Practice
  3. ^ GAS: Historic Federal Buildings
  4. ^ "Judge John Kilkenny, 93, Dies". The Oregonian (Oregonian Publishing Co.): B01. February 20, 2000.  
  5. ^ a b c d e f U.S. District Court of Oregon: Legislative history
  6. ^ a b Horner, John B. (1919). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 168-169.
  7. ^ Historic Federal Courthouses: Portland, Oregon. Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved on November 19, 2007.
  8. ^ Stockton Daily Independent "Shocking suicide". Stockton Daily Independent. April 21, 1877. http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/OREGON/2001-10/1003971507 Stockton Daily Independent. Retrieved 2007-06-29.  
  9. ^ Abrams, Kerry. Folk Hero, Hell Raiser, Mad Woman, Lady Lawyer: What is the Truth about Mary Leonard? Women's Legal History Biography Project. Stanford Law School. Retrieved on May 7, 2008.
  10. ^ Chief judges of the District of Oregon
  11. ^ Federal Judicial Center: Oregon District Court judges
  12. ^ http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2009-03/milestones.cfm?WT.cg_n=TTB_Mar09_milestones_tableOfContents

External links


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