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United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois
(S.D. Ill.)
Map
Map of the changing boundaries of the Districts of Illinois
Map of the changing boundaries of the Districts of Illinois
Location East St. Louis, Illinois
Appeals to Seventh Circuit
Established February 13, 1855
Judges assigned 4
Chief judge David R. Herndon
Official site

The United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois (in case citations, S.D. Ill.) is a Federal district court covering approximately the southern half of the state of Illinois.

Appeals from the Southern District of Illinois are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Contents

History

The United States District Court for the District of Illinois was established by a statute passed by the United States Congress on March 3, 1819, 3 Stat. 502.[1][2] The act established a single office for a judge to preside over the court. Initially, the court was not within any existing judicial circuit, so the district court exercised the jurisdiction of both a district court and a circuit court, with appeals and writs of error taken directly to the United States Supreme Court. In 1837, Congress placed the District of Illinois within the newly created Seventh Circuit, and the district court resumed its normal jurisdiction, 5 Stat. 176.[2]

The Southern District itself was created by a statute passed on February 13, 1855, 10 Stat. 606, which subdivided the District of Illinois into the Northern and the Southern Districts.[2] The boundaries of the District and the seats of the courts were set forth in the statute:

The counties of Hancock, McDonough, Peoria, Woodford, Livingston, and Iroquois, and all the counties in the said State north of them, shall compose one district, to be called the northern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the said district at the city of Chicago; and the residue of the counties of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the southern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the same at the city of Springfield.

The district has since been re-organized several times. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois was created on March 3, 1905 by 33 Stat. 992,[2] by splitting counties out of the Northern and Southern Districts. It was later eliminated in a reorganization on October 2, 1978 which replaced it with a Central District, 92 Stat. 883,[2] formed primarily from parts of the Southern District, and returning some counties to the Northern District.

Jurisdiction

The jurisdiction of the Southern District of Illinois comprises the following counties: Alexander, Bond, Calhoun, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Cumberland, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Johnson, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Massac, Monroe, Perry, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Richland, Saline, St. Clair, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White, and Williamson. The district was created in 1979. It has jurisdiction over the eastern suburbs of St. Louis and the city of Carbondale.

The United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Illinois represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court.

Current Judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
John Phil Gilbert George H. W. Bush 01992-09-24 September 24, 1992 Incumbent
David R. Herndon Bill Clinton 01998-10-22 October 22, 1998 Incumbent
G. Patrick Murphy Bill Clinton 01998-04-03 April 3, 1998 Incumbent
Michael Joseph Reagan Bill Clinton 02000-10-13 October 13, 2000 Incumbent
James L. Foreman Richard Nixon 01972-03-07 March 7, 1972 01992-06-01 June 1, 1992 Incumbent
William Donald Stiehl Ronald Reagan 01986-06-16 June 16, 1986 01996-11-30 November 30, 1996 Incumbent

The three magistrate judges are Philip M. Frazier, Clifford J. Proud, and Donald G. Wilkerson.

Former Judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
Samuel Hubbel Treat, Jr. Franklin Pierce 01855-03-03 March 3, 1855 01887-03-27 March 27, 1887 death
William Joshua Allen Grover Cleveland 01887-04-18 April 18, 1887[3] 01901-01-26 January 26, 1901 death
J. Otis Humphrey William McKinley 01901-03-08 March 8, 1901 01918-06-14 June 14, 1918 death
Louis FitzHenry Woodrow Wilson 01918-07-06 July 6, 1918 01933-10-03 October 3, 1933 reappointment
Charles Guy Briggle Herbert Hoover 01932-01-25 January 25, 1932 01958-08-01 August 1, 1958 01972-06-06 June 6, 1972 death
J. Leroy Adair Franklin D. Roosevelt 01937-04-27 April 27, 1937 01956-01-19 January 19, 1956 death
James Earl Major Franklin D. Roosevelt 01933-06-12 June 12, 1933[4] 01937-04-05 April 5, 1937 reappointment
William George Juergens Dwight D. Eisenhower 01956-06-22 June 22, 1956 01988-12-07 December 7, 1988 death
Frederick Olen Mercer Dwight D. Eisenhower 01956-06-19 June 19, 1956 01966-04-03 April 3, 1966 death
Omer Poos Dwight D. Eisenhower 01958-08-21 August 21, 1958 01973-08-31 August 31, 1973 01976-08-11 August 11, 1976 death
Robert Dale Morgan Lyndon B. Johnson 01967-06-12 June 12, 1967 01979-03-31 March 31, 1979 assignment to another court
Harlington Wood Jr. Richard Nixon 01973-07-18 July 18, 1973 01976-05-28 May 28, 1976 reappointment
James Waldo Ackerman Gerald Ford 01976-07-02 July 2, 1976 01979-03-31 March 31, 1979 assignment to another court
William Louis Beatty Jimmy Carter 01979-10-05 October 5, 1979 01992-11-09 November 9, 1992 02001-07-22 July 22, 2001 death
Paul E. Riley Bill Clinton 01994-10-07 October 7, 1994 01999-12-10 December 10, 1999 retirement

Notes

  1. ^ Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 393.
  2. ^ a b c d e U.S. District Courts of Illinois, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 19, 1888, and received commission on January 19, 1888.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1934, and received commission on January 26, 1934.

External links

See also

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