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The Committee on Science and Technology is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It has jurisdiction over non-defense federal scientific research and development. Specifically, the committee has partial or complete jurisdiction over the following federal agencies: NASA, the Department of Energy, EPA, ATSDR, NSF, FAA, NOAA, National Institute of Standards and Technology, FEMA, the U.S. Fire Administration, and United States Geological Survey.

Contents

History

In the wake of the Soviet Sputnik program in the late 1950s, Congress created the Select Committee on Astronautics and Space Exploration in 1958. This select committee drafted the National Aeronautics and Space Act that created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A staff report of the committee, the Space Handbook: Astronautics and its Applications, provided non-technical information about spaceflight to U.S. policy makers.[1]

The committee also chartered the permanent House Committee on Science and Astronautics, which officially began on January 3, 1959, and was the first new standing committee established in the House since 1946. The name was changed in 1974 to the House Committee on Science and Technology. The name was changed again in 1987 to the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology. After the Republican Party gained a majority in Congress in 1994, the name of the committee was changed to the House Committee on Science. With the return of control to the Democrats in 2007, the committee's name was changed back to the House Committee on Science and Technology.[2]

Members, 111th Congress

The Committee is chaired by Democrat Bart Gordon of Tennessee,[3] and the Ranking Member is Republican Ralph Hall of Texas.[4]

Majority Minority

Sources:

  • H.Res. 38, electing minority members to standing committees
  • H.Res. 74, electing majority members to standing committees
  • H.Res. 921, electing majority members to standing committees

Subcommittees

There are five subcommittees in the 111th Congress.[5]

Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
Technology and Innovation David Wu (D-OR) Adrian Smith (R-NE)
Energy and Environment Brian Baird (D-WA) Bob Inglis (R-SC)
Investigations and Oversight Brad Miller (D-NC) Paul Broun (R-GA)
Research and Science Education Dan Lipinski (D-IL) Vern Ehlers (R-MI)
Space and Aeronautics Gabrielle Giffords (D-AZ) Pete Olson (R-TX)

Committee Chairmen, 1959-present

Chairmen since 1959.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Space Handbook: Astronautics and its Applications". NASA. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/conghand/default.htm.  
  2. ^ "A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY" (PDF). United States Government. November 7, 2007. http://democrats.science.house.gov/Media/File/commdocs/history_committee_07nov27.pdf.  
  3. ^ H.Res. 8
  4. ^ H.Res. 12
  5. ^ "Subcommittees". United States Government. 2008. http://science.house.gov/subcommittee/default.htm.  
  6. ^ Ibid.

External links

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