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1906 United States 1910
United States House of Representatives elections, 1908
All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
November 3, 1908
Majority party Minority party
JGCannon.jpg ChampClark.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon Champ Clark
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois-18th Missouri-9th
Last election 223 seats 167 seats
Seats won 219 172
Seat change -4 +5

Incumbent Speaker
Joseph Cannon

Joseph Cannon

The U.S. House election in 1908 for the U.S. House of Representatives coincided with the 1908 presidential election, which William Howard Taft won.

Taft was not as popular as his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, but won with Roosevelt's backing, and his Republican Party lost only a handful of seats to the opposition Democrats. Without any striking national issues, the Republicans were able to remain in control. Regional issues led to some changes in House membership, but new Democrats who were elected by dissatisfied industrial workers were balanced out by new Republicans who gained seats in districts with a strong middle class presense.

Overall results

Party Total seats (change) Seat percentage
Republican Party 219 -4 56.0%
Democratic Party 172 +5 43.9%
Totals 391 +0 100.0%
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
House seats by party holding plurality in state
     6+ Republican gain      6+ Democratic gain
     3-5 Republican gain      3-5 Democratic gain
     1-2 Republican gain      1-2 Democratic gain
     no net change


District Incumbent Party Elected Status Opponent
California 1 William F. Englebright Republican
Running William F. Englebright (R) 54.1%
E. W. Holland (D) 36.8%
D. N. Cunningham (S) 7.6%
W. P. Fassett (Proh.) 1.4%
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican
Running Duncan E. McKinlay (R) 57.5%
W. K. Hays (D) 38.5%
A. J. Gaylord (S) 4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican
Running Joseph R. Knowland (R) 64.1%
George W. Peckham (D) 22.8%
O. H. Philbrick (S) 9.3%
John A. Sands (IL) 2.1%
T. H. Montgomery (Proh.) 1.7%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican
Running Julius Kahn (R) 52.7%
James G. Maguire (D) 42.9%
K. J. Doyle (S) 4%
William N. Meserve (Proh.) 0.3%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican
Running Everis A. Hayes (R) 49.1%
George A. Tracy (D) 42.8%
E. H. Misner (S) 6.3%
Walter E. Vail (Proh.) 1.8%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican
Running James C. Needham (R) 52%
Fred P. Feliz (D) 38.7%
W. M. Pattison (S) 5.6%
James W. Webb (Proh.) 3.7%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican
Running James McLachlan (R) 91.5%
Jud R. Rush (D) 6.3%
A. R. Holston (S) 1.1%
Marshall W. Atwood (Proh.) 1%
F. G. Hentig (IL) 0.2%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican
Running Sylvester C. Smith (R) 55.7%
W. E. Shepherd (D) 34.7%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 9.6%

See also



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