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1946 United States 1950
United States House of Representatives elections, 1948
All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
November 6, 1948
Majority party Minority party
Rayburn-Sam-LOC.jpg Joseph William Martin.jpg
Leader Sam Rayburn Joseph Martin
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas-4th Massachusetts-14th
Last election 188 seats 246 seats
Seats won 263 171
Seat change +75 -75
Percentage 51.2% 48.9%
Swing +6.9% -8.0%

Incumbent Speaker
Joseph Martin
Republican

Speaker-elect
Sam Rayburn
Democratic

The U.S. House election, 1948 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1948 which coincided with President Harry Truman's re-election. Truman had campaigned against a 'do-nothing' Republican Party Congress that had opposed his initiatives and was seen as counterproductive. The voters responded by giving his Democratic Party a net additional 75 seats, giving them a large new majority and surprisingly giving the president a new term in Washington.

Sam Rayburn (D-Texas) became Speaker of the House, exchanging places with new Minority Leader Joseph W. Martin, Jr. (R-Massachusetts). Notable freshmen included future President Gerald Ford (R-Mich.) and future Senator, Vice-Presidential candidate, and Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen (D-Tex.).

Overall results

Party Total seats (change) Seat percentage Popular vote
Democratic Party 263 +75 60.4% 51.2%
American Labor 1 +0 0.2% 3.0%
Republican Party 171 -75 39.3% 45.4%
Totals 435 +0 100.0% 100.0%
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
           
House seats by party holding plurality in state
     6+ Republican gain      6+ Democratic gain
     3-5 Republican gain      3-5 Democratic gain
     1-2 Republican gain      1-2 Democratic gain
     no net change


California

District Incumbent Party Elected Status Opponent
California 1 Clarence F. Lea Democratic
1916
Retiring Hubert B. Scudder (R) 54.5%
Sterling J. Norgard (D) 45.3%
Roger Kent (W/I) 0.2%
California 2 Clair Engle Democratic
1943
Running Clair Engle (D) (unopposed)
California 3 Justin L. Johnson Republican
1942
Running Justin L. Johnson (R) 84.4%
James B. "Bert" Willard (IP) 15.6%
California 4 Franck R. Havenner Democratic
1936/1944
Running Franck R. Havenner (D) 51.0%
William S. Mailliard (R) 47.7%
Francis J. McTernan, Jr. (IP) 1.3%
California 5 Richard J. Welch Republican
1926
Running Richard J. Welch (R) (unopposed)
California 6 George P. Miller Democratic
1944
Running George P. Miller (D) (unopposed)
California 7 John J. Allen, Jr. Republican
1946
Retiring John J. Allen, Jr. (R) 51.4%
Buel G. Gallagher (D) 48.6%
California 8 John Z. Anderson Republican
1938
Running John Z. Anderson (R) 79.9%
Paul Taylor (IP) 20.1%
California 9 Bertrand W. Gearhart Republican
1934
Running Cecil F. White (D) 51.3%
Bertrand W. Gearhart (R) 46.9%
Josephine F. Daniels 1.8%
California 10 Alfred J. Elliott Democratic
1938
Retiring Thomas H. Werdel (R) 71.3%
Sam James Miller (IP) 28.7%
California 11 Ernest K. Bramblett Republican
1946
Running Ernest K. Bramblett (R) 80.8%
Cole Weston (IP) 13.5%
George E. Outland (W/I) 5.7%
California 12 Richard Nixon Republican
1946
Running Richard Nixon (R) 87.8%
Una W. Rice (IP) 12.2%
California 13 Norris Poulson Republican
1932/1946
Running Norris Poulson (R) 52.6%
Ned R. Healy (D) 47.4%
California 14 Helen Gahagan Douglas Democratic
1944
Running Helen Gahagan Douglas (D) 65.3%
W. Wallace Braden (R) 32.5%
Sidney Moore (IP) 2.2%
California 15 Gordon L. McDonough Republican
1944
Running Gordon L. McDonough (R) 83%
Maynard J. Omerberg (IP) 17%
California 16 Donald L. Jackson Republican
1946
Running Donald L. Jackson (R) 57%
Ellis E. Patterson (D) 43%
California 17 Cecil R. King Democratic
1942
Running Cecil R. King (D) (unopposed)
California 18 Willis W. Bradley Republican
1946
Running Clyde Doyle (D) 51.1%
Willis W. Bradley (R) 44.9%
Stanley Moffatt (IP) 4%
California 19 Chet Holifield Democratic
1942
Running Chet Holifield (D) 69.7%
Joseph Francis Quigley (R) 27.5%
Jacob Berman (IP) 1.8%
Myra Tanner Weiss (I) 1%
California 20 John Carl Hinshaw Republican
1938
Running John Carl Hinshaw (R) 81.6%
William B. Esterman (D) 18.4%
California 21 Harry R. Sheppard Democratic
1936
Running Harry R. Sheppard (D) 55.2%
Lowell E. Lathrop (R) 42.6%
Howard G. Louks (IP) 2.2%
California 22 John J. Phillips Republican
1942
Running John J. Phillips (R) (unopposed)
California 23 Charles K. Fletcher Republican
1946
Running Clinton D. McKinnon (D) 55.8%
Charles K. Fletcher (R) 43.2%
Harry C. Steinmetz (IP) 1%

See also

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