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1932 United States 1936
United States House of Representatives elections, 1934
All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
November 5, 1934
Majority party Minority party
Joseph Byrns.jpg Replace this image male.svg
Leader Jo Byrns Bertrand Snell
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Tennessee-5th New York-31st
Last election 313 seats 117 seats
Seats won 322 103
Seat change +9 -14

Incumbent Speaker
Henry Rainey

Jo Byrns

The United States House of Representatives elections of 1934 occurred in the middle of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first term. The Democratic Party continued its progress, gaining another 9 net seats from the opposition Republican Party, who also lost seats to the Progressive Party. The Republicans were reduced below one-fourth of the chamber for the first time since the creation of the party. The Wisconsin Progressive Party, a liberal group which allied with the Democrats, also became a force in Wisconsin politics.

The 1934 elections can be seen as a referendum on New Deal policies. While conservatives and people among the middle class who did not bear the brunt of the depression saw New Deal programs as radical, ordinary people overwhelmingly voting in this election cycle to continue implementation of Roosevelt's agenda.


Overall results

Party Total seats (change) Seat percentage
Democratic Party 322 +9 74.0%
Republican Party 103 -14 23.6%
Wisconsin Progressive Party 7 +7 1.6%
Farmer-Labor Party 3 -2 0.6%
Totals 435 +0 100.0%
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
           60.1-80% Progressive
House seats by party holding plurality in state
     6+ Republican gain      6+ Democratic gain
     3-5 Republican gain      3-5 Democratic gain
     1-2 Republican gain      1-2 Democratic gain
     no net change      3-5 Progressive gain

Results by state



District Incumbent Party Elected Status Opponent
California 1 Clarence F. Lea Democratic
Running Clarence F. Lea (D) 93.6%
Allen K. Gifford (S) 6.4%
California 2 Harry Lane Englebright Republican
Running Harry Lane Englebright (R) (unopposed)
California 3 Frank H. Buck Democratic
Running Frank H. Buck (D) 53.3%
J. M. Inman (R) 45.7%
Albert Hougardy (Com.) 1.0%
California 4 Florence Prag Kahn Republican
Running Florence Prag Kahn (R) 48.0%
Chauncey Tramutolo (D) 44.5%
Raymond A. Burr (P) 3.5%
Samuel S. White (S) 2.3%
Minnie Carson (Com.) 1.7%
California 5 Richard J. Welch Republican
Running Richard J. Welch (R) 93.8%
Alexander Noral (Com.) 6.2%
California 6 Albert E. Carter Republican
Running Albert E. Carter (R) (unopposed)
California 7 Ralph R. Eltse Republican
Running John H. Tolan (D) 52.3%
Ralph R. Eltse (R) 47.7%
California 8 John J. McGrath Democratic
Running John J. McGrath (D) (unopposed)
California 9 Denver S. Church Democratic
Retiring Bertrand W. Gearhart (R) (unopposed)
California 10 Henry E. Stubbs Democratic
Running Henry E. Stubbs (D) 64.4%
George R. Bliss (R) 35.6%
California 11 William E. Evans Republican
Running John S. McGroarty (D) 53.5%
William E. Evans (R) 45.0%
William E. Stephenson (S) 1.5%
California 12 John H. Hoeppel Democratic
Running John H. Hoeppel (D) 50.7%
Frederick F. Houser (R) 49.3%
California 13 Charles Kramer Democratic
Running Charles Kramer (D) 62.5%
Thomas K. Case (R) 21.0%
Charles H. Randall (P) 14.1%
Michael S. Kerrigan (S) 1.6%
John J. Graham (Com.) 0.9%
California 14 Thomas F. Ford Democratic
Running Thomas F. Ford (D) 57.7%
William D. Campbell (R) 37.1%
Lyndon R. Foster (P) 2.7%
Harry Sherr (S) 1.2%
Lawrence Ross (Com.) 1.2%
California 15 William I. Traeger Republican
Running John M. Costello (D) 50.6%
William I. Traeger (R) 49.4%
California 16 John F. Dockweiler Democratic
Retiring John F. Dockweiler (D) (unopposed)
California 17 Charles J. Colden Democratic
Running Charles J. Colden (D) 70.4%
C. P. "Cap" Wright (R) 24.0%
Richard Pomeroy (S) 5.6%
California 18 John H. Burke Democratic
Retiring Byron N. Scott (D) 56.3%
William Brayton (R) 43.2%
Clyde Champion (Com.) 0.5%
California 19 Sam L. Collins Republican
Running Sam L. Collins (R) 88.8%
A. B. Hillabold (W/I) 11.2%
California 20 George Burnham Republican
Running George Burnham (R) 52.4%
Ed V. Izac (D) 47.6%

See also


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