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1938 United States 1942
United States House of Representatives elections, 1940
All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
November 2, 1940
Majority party Minority party
Rayburn-Sam-LOC.jpg Joseph William Martin.jpg
Leader Sam Rayburn Joseph Martin
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas-4th Massachusetts-14th
Last election 262 seats 169 seats
Seats won 267 162
Seat change +5 -7

Incumbent Speaker
Sam Rayburn

Sam Rayburn

The U.S. House election, 1940 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1940 which coincided with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's re-election to an unprecedented third term. His Democratic Party narrowly gained seats from the opposition Republican Party, cementing their majority.

The upswing in the economy that occurred following the Recession of 1937-38 encouraged voters that the New Deal plan had actually been working. This allowed the Democrats to stabilize their support.


Overall results

Party Total seats (change) Seat percentage
Democratic Party 267 +5 61.3%
Republican Party 162 -7 37.2%
Progressive Party 3 +1 0.6%
Farmer-Labor Party 1 +0 0.2%
American Labor Party 1 +0 0.2%
Independent 1 +1 0.2%
Totals 435 +0 100.0%
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
House seats by party holding plurality in state
     6+ Republican gain      6+ Democratic gain
     3-5 Republican gain      3-5 Democratic gain
     1-2 Republican gain      1-2 Democratic gain
     no net change      1-2 Progressive gain

Results by state



District Incumbent Party Elected Status Opponent
California 1 Clarence F. Lea Democratic
Running Clarence F. Lea (D) 93.3%
Albert J. Lima (Com.) 5.1%
Ernest S. Mitchell (W/I) 1.6%
California 2 Harry Lane Englebright Republican
Running Harry Lane Englebright (R) (unopposed)
California 3 Frank H. Buck Democratic
Running Frank H. Buck (D) 91%
C. H. Farman (Proh.) 7.1%
Charles Gricus (Com.) 1.8%
George Kimber (W/I) 0.1%
California 4 Franck R. Havenner Democratic
Running Thomas Rolph (R) 54.6%
Franck R. Havenner (D) 44.4%
Archie Brown (Com.) 1.0%
California 5 Richard J. Welch Republican
Running Richard J. Welch (R) 95.8%
Walter R. Lambert (Com.) 4.2%
California 6 Albert E. Carter Republican
Running Albert E. Carter (R) 96%
Clarence Paton (Com.) 4%
California 7 John H. Tolan Democratic
Running John H. Tolan (D) 55.5%
Ralph R. Eltse (R) 43.2%
Alfred N. Johnson (Com.) 1.3%
California 8 John Z. Anderson Republican
Running John Z. Anderson (R) 96.7%
Elizabeth Nicholas (Com.) 3.3%
J. J. McGrath (W/I) <0.1%
California 9 Bertrand W. Gearhart Republican
Running Bertrand W. Gearhart (R) (unopposed)
California 10 Alfred J. Elliott Democratic
Running Alfred J. Elliott (D) 97%
Louretta Adams (Com.) 3%
California 11 John Carl Hinshaw Republican
Running John Carl Hinshaw (R) 96.6%
Orla E. Lair (Com.) 3.4%
California 12 Jerry Voorhis Democratic
Running Jerry Voorhis (D) 64%
Eugene W. Nixon (R) 35.2%
Albert Lewis (Com.) 0.8%
California 13 Charles Kramer Democratic
Running Charles Kramer (D) 75.7%
Charles H. Randall (Proh.) 21.7%
Celeste Strack (Com.) 2.6%
California 14 Thomas F. Ford Democratic
Running Thomas F. Ford (D) 64.3%
Herbert L. Herberts (R) 33.3%
Pettis Perry (Com.) 2.4%
California 15 John M. Costello Democratic
Running John M. Costello (D) 56.2%
Norris J. Nelson (R) 42.6%
Emil Freed (Com.) 1.2%
California 16 Leland M. Ford Republican
Running Leland M. Ford (R) 96.4%
George C. Sandy (Com.) 3.6%
California 17 Lee E. Geyer Democratic
Running Lee E. Geyer (D) 65.5%
Clifton A. Hix (R) 28.6%
Samuel C. Converse (P) 4.9%
Harry L. Gray (Com.) 1%
California 18 William Ward Johnson Republican
Running William Ward Johnson (R) 54.4%
Byron N. Scott (D) 44.7%
George R. Ashby (Com.) 0.9%
California 19 Harry R. Sheppard Democratic
Running Harry R. Sheppard (D) 52.9%
Lotus H. Loudon (R) 47.1%
California 20 Edouard Izac Democratic
Running Edouard Izac (D) 51.1%
John L. Bacon (R) 48.3%
Esco L. Richardson (Com.) 0.6%

See also


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