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1954 United States 1958
United States House of Representatives elections, 1956
All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
November 6, 1956
Majority party Minority party
Rayburn-Sam-LOC.jpg Joseph William Martin.jpg
Leader Sam Rayburn Joseph Martin
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas-4th Massachusetts-14th
Last election 232 seats 203 seats
Seats won 234 201
Seat change +2 -2
Percentage 50.7% 48.7
Swing -1.4% +1.7%

Incumbent Speaker
Sam Rayburn
Democratic

Speaker-elect
Sam Rayburn
Democratic

The U.S. House election, 1956 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1956 which coincided with the re-election of President Dwight Eisenhower. Although Eisenhower was re-elected with a large majority, his Republican Party lost a net of two seats to the majority Democratic Party.

With no major national issues and the economic upswing of the 1950s in full force, voters generally chose to uphold the status quo. Notable freshmen included future Senator and presidential candidate George McGovern (D-S.D.) as well as future House Minority Leader Bob Michel.

Overall results

Party Total seats (change) Seat percentage Popular vote
Democratic Party 234 +2 53.7% 50.7%
Republican Party 201 -2 46.2% 48.7%
Totals 435 +0 100.0% 100.0%
     80.1-100% Republican      80.1-100% Democratic
     60.1-80% Republican      60.1-80% Democratic
           
House seats by party holding plurality in state
     6+ Republican gain      6+ Democratic gain
     3-5 Republican gain      3-5 Democratic gain
     1-2 Republican gain      1-2 Democratic gain
     no net change


California

District Incumbent Party Elected Status Opponent
California 1 Hubert B. Scudder Republican
1948
Running Hubert B. Scudder (R) 53.6%
Clement W. Miller (D) 46.4%
California 2 Clair Engle Democratic
1943
Running Clair Engle (D) (unopposed)
California 3 John E. Moss Democratic
1952
Running John E. Moss (D) 68.6%
Noel C. Stevenson (R) 31.4%
California 4 William S. Mailliard Republican
1952
Running William S. Mailliard (R) 61.9%
James L. Quigley (D) 38.1%
California 5 John Shelley Democratic
1949
Running John Shelley (D) (unopposed)
California 6 John F. Baldwin, Jr. Republican
1954
Running John F. Baldwin, Jr. (R) 53.7%
H. Roberts Quinney (D) 46.3%
California 7 John J. Allen, Jr. Republican
1946
Running John J. Allen, Jr. (R) 52.8%
Laurance L. Cross (D) 47.2%
California 8 George P. Miller Democratic
1944
Running George P. Miller (D) 65.6%
Robert Lee Watkins (R) 34.4%
California 9 J. Arthur Younger Republican
1952
Running J. Arthur Younger (R) 60.3%
James T. McKay (D) 39.7%
California 10 Charles S. Gubser Republican
1952
Running Charles S. Gubser (R) 60.7%
William H. Vatcher (D) 39.3%
California 11 Justin L. Johnson Republican
1942
Running John J. McFall (D) 53.1%
Justin L. Johnson (R) 46.9%
California 12 Bernice F. Sisk Democratic
1954
Running Bernice F. Sisk (D) 73%
Robert B. Moore (R) 27%
California 13 Charles M. Teague Republican
1954
Running Charles M. Teague (R) 59.6%
William Kirk Stewart (D) 40.4%
California 14 Harlan Hagen Democratic
1954
Running Harlan Hagen (D) 63%
Myron F. Tisdel (R) 37%
California 15 Gordon L. McDonough Republican
1944
Running Gordon L. McDonough (R) 57.9%
Emery S. Petty (D) 42.1%
California 16 Donald L. Jackson Republican
1946
Running Donald L. Jackson (R) 60.8%
G. Robert "Bob" Fleming (D) 39.2%
California 17 Cecil R. King Democratic
1942
Running Cecil R. King (D) 64.9%
Charles A. Franklin (R) 35.1%
California 18 Craig Hosmer Republican
1952
Running Craig Hosmer (R) 59.3%
Raymond C. "Ray" Simpson (D) 40.7%
California 19 Chet Holifield Democratic
1942
Running Chet Holifield (D) 73.8%
Roy E. Reynolds (R) 26.2%
California 20 John Carl Hinshaw Republican
1938
Died in office H. Allen Smith (R) 70.8%
Eugene Radding (D) 29.2%
California 21 Edgar W. Hiestand Republican
1952
Running Edgar W. Hiestand (R) 62.6%
W. C. "Bill" Stethem (D) 37.4%
California 22 Joseph F. Holt Republican
1952
Running Joseph F. Holt (R) 59.8%
Irving Glasband (D) 40.2%
California 23 Clyde Doyle Democratic
1948
Running Clyde Doyle (D) 70.9%
E. Elgie "Cal" Calvin (R) 29.1%
California 24 Glenard P. Lipscomb Republican
1953
Running Glenard P. Lipscomb (R) 61.9%
Fay Porter (D) 38.1%
California 25 Patrick J. Hillings Republican
1950
Running Patrick J. Hillings (R) 63.8%
John S. Sobieski (D) 36.2%
California 26 James Roosevelt Democratic
1954
Running James Roosevelt (D) 68.8%
Edward H. Gibbons (R) 31.2%
California 27 Harry R. Sheppard Democratic
1936
Running Harry R. Sheppard (D) (unopposed)
California 28 James B. Utt Republican
1952
Running James B. Utt (R) 64.5%
Gordon T. Shepard (D) 35.5%
California 29 John J. Phillips Republican
1942
Retiring Dalip Singh Saund (D) 51.5%
Jacqueline Cochran Odlum (R) 48.5%
California 30 Bob Wilson Republican
1952
Running Bob Wilson (R) 66.7%
George A. Cheney (D) 33.3%

See also

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