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Marine Forces Reserve
Marine Forces Reserve Insignia
Part of United States Marine Corps
Garrison/HQ New Orleans, Louisiana
Motto Ready, Willing, Able
Engagements Korean War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom

The Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES or MFR) (also known as the United States Marine Corps Reserve (USMCR) is the reserve force of the United States Marine Corps. It is the largest command in the U.S. Marine Corps.

The mission of Marine Forces Reserve is to augment and reinforce active Marine forces in time of war, national emergency or contingency operations, provide personnel and operational tempo relief for the active forces in peacetime, and provide service to the community (for example, through Toys for Tots).

MARFORRES comprises two groups of Marines and Sailors. The first, known as the Selected Marine Corps Reserve (SMCR), are Marines who belong to reserve units and drill one weekend a month and two weeks a year. The second group is known as the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). The IRR is composed of Marines who have finished their active duty or USMCR obligations, however their names remain on the books to be called up in case of a war or other emergency -- the Individual Ready Reserve is administered by the Marine Corps Mobilization Command. IRR Marines participate in annual musters to check in with the Corps.[1] Reserve Marines are equipped and trained to the same standards as active Marine forces.



Structure of the Marine Forces Reserve


Reserve units utilize infrastructure when mobilized through Reserve Support Units (RSU) located at various bases throughout the US (Lejeune, Pendleton, Miramar, Quantico, and Twentynine Palms). [3]


Enlistment in the Marine Forces Reserve occurs through a process similar to that for enlistment in the regular active Marine Corps. Recruits must take the ASVAB, pass a comprehensive physical exam, and be sworn in. They may enter through a billet in the Delayed Entry Program (DEP). Reserve Recruits attend Marine Corps Recruit Training along with active duty recruits, claiming the title United States Marine upon successful completion of the training. They then have a mandatory leave of 10 days (up to 24 if they volunteer for and are assigned to recruiter's assistance) before further training at the School of Infantry (SOI) and their designated Military Occupational Specialty (MOS). Only after completing the training program(s) does a Reserve Marine's enlistment begin to differ from that of an active duty Marine.

There is a program called the Select Reserve Incentive Program (SRIP), which provides enlistment bonuses for Reservists enlisting for needed MOSs. Half is payable upon completion of training and the other half is spread out over the term of enlistment.


Reserve Marines enlist for eight-year terms. There are three options on how these terms may be served, one of which is designated upon enlistment.

  • 6x2 - Under this option the Reservist spends 6 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining two in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). This is the only option which makes Reservists eligible for the benefits of the Montgomery GI Bill, and is also the most common.
  • 5x3 - Under this option the Reservist spends 5 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining three in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR).
  • 4x4 - Under this option the Reservist spends 4 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining four in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR).

After serving several years in the Reserves and attaining leadership rank it is possible for an enlisted Reservist to receive a commission through the Reserve Enlisted Commissioning Program (RECP)[4].


  1. ^ Johnson, Kimberly (26 February 2007). "Keeping tabs on IRR Marines" (Republished by MFR News). Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 25 January 2009. "One way the Corps tries to account for IRR Marines is by requiring them to attend regional musters."  
  2. ^ Reserve Unit Directory
  3. ^ MFR units index
  4. ^,14556,MPDC_Options_Commissioning_Marine,00.html

External links


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