The Full Wiki

United States Minor Outlying Islands: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands
Map showing the location of the islands in the Pacific Ocean (highlighted with red boxes)

The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, consists of nine United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island. The Caribbean territories of Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank can also be included as per U.S. sources.

Among them, Palmyra Atoll is the only incorporated territory. As of 2008, none of the islands has any permanent residents. The only human population consists of temporarily stationed scientific and military personnel. The 2000 census counted 315 people on Johnston Atoll and 1 person on Wake Island.[1] There has been no modern indigenous population, except at the 1940 census. The Baker, Howland and Jarvis Colonization Scheme attempted to settle Americans on those three islands beginning in 1935, but all three islands were evacuated in 1942 as a result of World War II.

The islands are grouped together as a statistical convenience. They are not administered collectively, nor do they share a single cultural or political history beyond being uninhabited islands under the sovereignty of the United States.

They are collectively represented by the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code UM. The individual islands have ISO 3166-2 numerical codes, see ISO 3166-2:UM. The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) ".um" has historically been assigned to the islands; however, the .um ccTLD was retired in January 2007. [2]

The ISO introduced the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. From 1974 until 1986, five of the islands (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef) were grouped under the term United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands, with ISO 3166 code PU. The code of Midway Atoll was MI, the code of Johnston Atoll was JT, and the code of Wake Island was WK.



ICAO (IATA) codes:


Three of the islands are listed with ports in the World Port Index,[5] with World Port Number:

  • 56325 JOHNSTON ATOLL - Johnston Atoll
  • 56328 MIDWAY ISLAND - Midway Atoll
  • 56330 WAKE ISLAND - Wake Island
  • not listed WEST LAGOON - Palmyra Atoll

Baker Island, Howland Island and Jarvis Island have a small boat landing place on each. Kingman Reef and Navassa Island have offshore anchorage only.


Atoll/Island Island Area
Coordinates NWR
date of

Northern Pacific Ocean, scattered isolated islands

Wake Island1 7.4 6 19°18′N 166°38′E / 19.3°N 166.633°E / 19.3; 166.633 (Wake Island) N/A 1899-01-17
Johnston Atoll2 2.52 130 16°45′N 169°31′W / 16.75°N 169.517°W / 16.75; -169.517 (Johnston Atoll) N/A 1859-09-06

Northern Pacific Ocean, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Midway Atoll 5.18 40 28°13′N 177°22′W / 28.217°N 177.367°W / 28.217; -177.367 (Midway Atoll) 1998 1867-08-28

Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Line Islands

Kingman Reef 0.01 76 6°24′N 162°24′W / 6.4°N 162.4°W / 6.4; -162.4 (Kingman Reef) 2001-01-18 1860-02-08
Palmyra Atoll2 6.56 15 5°53′N 162°05′W / 5.883°N 162.083°W / 5.883; -162.083 (Palmyra Atoll) 2001-01-18 1912-02-21

Central Pacific Ocean, Central Line Islands

Jarvis Island 4.45 - 0°22′S 160°01′W / 0.367°S 160.017°W / -0.367; -160.017 (Jarvis Island) 1974 1856-10-28

Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Phoenix Islands

Baker Island 1.24 - 0°12′N 176°29′W / 0.2°N 176.483°W / 0.2; -176.483 (Baker Island) 1974 1856-10-28
Howland Island 1.62 - 0°48′N 176°37′W / 0.8°N 176.617°W / 0.8; -176.617 (Howland Island) 1974 1856-10-28

Caribbean Sea

Navassa Island3 5.2 - 18°24′N 75°01′W / 18.4°N 75.017°W / 18.4; -75.017 (Navassa Island) 1999-09-30 1858-10-31
Bajo Nuevo Bank4 0.02 155 15°53′N 78°38′W / 15.883°N 78.633°W / 15.883; -78.633 (Bajo Nuevo Bank) N/A 1869-11-22
Serranilla Bank4 0.02 1200 15°50′N 79°50′W / 15.833°N 79.833°W / 15.833; -79.833 (Serranilla Bank) N/A 1879-09-08
U.S. Minor Outlying Islands 34.2 267      
1 claimed by the Marshall Islands
2 previously claimed by Hawaii when independent. Palmyra was officially part of Hawaii until 1959.
3 claimed by Haiti
4 These islands are disputed with Colombia, Jamaica and Nicaragua, and are not included in the ISO list of territories. Their areas are not included in the totals.

See also


External links



Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to United States minor outlying islands article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


Proper noun

United States minor outlying islands

  1. Regions of the United States of America including: American Samoa, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands.


  • French: Îles mineures éloignées des États-Unis


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address