The Full Wiki

More info on United States Navy

United States Navy: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  
















































































Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Navy
United States Department of the Navy Seal.svg

United States Navy portal
Active October 13, 1775[1]–Present
Country United States of America
Branch Navy
Type Navy
Size 332,000 personnel
280 ships, 3,700 aircraft
Part of Department of Defense
Department of the Navy
Headquarters The Pentagon
Motto Non sibi sed patriae; "Not self but country" (unofficial).[2]
Colors Blue & Gold         
March Anchors Aweigh
Engagements
Decorations Streamer PUC Navy.PNG
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Unit Commendation Streamer.jpg
Navy Unit Commendation
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Navy-Marine) Streamer.jpg
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Commanders
Chief of Naval Operations ADM Gary Roughead
Vice Chief of Naval Operations ADM Jonathan W. Greenert
Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy MCPON(SS/SW) Rick D. West
Aircraft flown
Attack F/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F, F-35C
Electronic
warfare
E-2C, EP-3E, E-6, EA-6B, EA-18G
Fighter F/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F
Helicopter UH-1, SH-3, CH-53D, MH-53E, SH-60, MH-60, CH-60
Patrol P-3, P-8
Reconnaissance RQ-2
Trainer F-5, F-16N, T-2C, T-6, T-34, T-39, T-44, T-45, TH-57
Transport C-2, C-12, C-20, C-40, C-130
.The United States Navy (USN) is the sea branch of the U.S. Armed Forces.^ For purposes of their identification while in Japan, members of the United States armed forces shall be in possession of the foregoing personal identity card which must be presented on request to the appropriate Japanese authorities.
  • MOFA: Agreement regarding the Status of United States Armed Forces in Japan 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.mofa.go.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ Description: Presents the history of the United States Air Force.
  • U.S. Government Bookstore: Browse by Subject: Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC bookstore.gpo.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 .
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.^ The United States Air Force (or USAF ) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services .
  • United States Air Force at AllExperts 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Speaker, by the adoption of this resolution tonight, let us send one very clear message to the world: we are the United States of America.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Members of a reserve component while on inactive-duty training, but in the case of members of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States only when in Federal Service.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.As of 31 December 2008, the U.S. Navy had about 331,682 personnel on active duty and 124,000 in the Navy Reserve.^ In 2008, the armed forces had 1.4 million personnel on active duty.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2005, the military had 1.38 million personnel on active duty, [30] along with several hundred thousand each in the Reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States|Reserves and the National Guard of the United States|National Guard for a total of List of countries by number of total troops|2.3 million troops.
  • United States - JROTC Wiki 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC jrotc.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The USAF is the largest modern air force in the world, with over 7,000 aircraft in service and about 358,600 men and women on active duty.
  • United States Air Force History, Facts and Pictures 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: Reference]

.It operates 284 ships in active service and more than 3,700 aircraft.^ The USAF is the largest modern air force in the world, with over 7,000 aircraft in service and about 358,600 men and women on active duty.
  • United States Air Force History, Facts and Pictures 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 148,000 in the Navy Reserve; it has 277 ships in active service and more than 4,000 operational aircraft.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ He also suggested that store ships for resupply would provide greater flexibility of operation, that more ships be stationed near the Congo, and that the sale of American vessels in Africa be banned.

[3] .The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest combined.^ The United States Navy is the largest in the world with a tonnage greater than that of the next 17 largest combined [6] and has a budget of $127.3 billion for the 2007 fiscal year.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This fleet of 7,000 ships and 3 million men was (and still remains) the largest sea invasion in the history of the world.
  • The U.S. military 20 September 2009 5:50 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite decreases in the number of ships and personnel following the Cold War, the U.S. Navy remains the worlds largest navy with a tonnage greater than 17 of the next largest world navies combined.
  • NAVY GIFTS - United States Navy History 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.lapdauthors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .The U.S. Navy also has the world's largest carrier fleet, with 11 in service and one under construction.^ The USAF is the largest modern air force in the world, with over 7,000 aircraft in service and about 358,600 men and women on active duty.
  • United States Air Force History, Facts and Pictures 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy is the largest in the world with a tonnage greater than that of the next 17 largest combined [6] and has a budget of $127.3 billion for the 2007 fiscal year.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Despite decreases in the number of ships and personnel following the Cold War, the U.S. Navy remains the worlds largest navy with a tonnage greater than 17 of the next largest world navies combined.
  • NAVY GIFTS - United States Navy History 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.lapdauthors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and was essentially disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter.^ The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was disbanded shortly thereafter.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ November 28, 1775 - The Continental Navy is established by the Continental Congress.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Navy can trace its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War, but was disbanded not long afterwards in the year 1790.
  • NAVY GIFTS - United States Navy History 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.lapdauthors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The United States Constitution provided the legal basis for a seaborne military force by giving Congress the power "to provide and maintain a navy".[5]
.Depredations against American shipping by Barbary Coast pirates in the Mediterranean Sea spurred Congress to employ this power by passing the Naval Act of 1794 ordering the construction and manning of six frigates.^ Depredations against American shipping by Barbary Coast corsairs spurred Congress to employ this power [4] by passing the Naval Act of 1794 ordering the construction and manning of six frigates.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In the 1790s the Barbary Algerians again began to prey upon American merchant ships in the Mediterranean and, this time, Congress responded by passing a naval act that called for the construction of six frigates.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In response to attacks on American shipping by corsairs from the Barbary Coast, Congress ordered the construction and manning of six frigates on March 27, 1794.
  • NAVY GIFTS - United States Navy History 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.lapdauthors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .These ships were used to end most pirate activity off the Barbary Coast.^ These ships could also contribute to tracking and even actual attack activities for space combat missions.
  • International Assessment and Strategy Center > Research > The Implications of China�s Naval Modernization for the United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.strategycenter.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chinese concept of a "spin-on" is in marked contrast to the "spin-off" approach of the U.S. at the end of the Cold War, where the goal was to convert military technology to commercial uses.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US Navy’s PSYOP 10KW broadcast transmitter aboard ship off the coast of Grenada began broadcasting using a tethered balloon antenna.
  • United States PSYOP in Grenada - Operation Urgent Fury 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the twentieth century American blue-water navy capability was demonstrated by the 1907–1909 world tour of the Great White Fleet.^ Two years after the Treaty of Portsmouth, in December 1907, President Roosevelt sent 16 battleships – "The Great White Fleet" – on a round-the-world tour.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This continued into the 20th century , which some have termed "the American Century " due to America's tremendous influence on the world.
  • United States - Slider 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first, the U.S. Army has continued to be an instrument of American power in the defense of freedom and American interests around the world.
  • American Military History, Volume I 15 September 2009 4:23 UTC www.history.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 21st century United States Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in such areas as East Asia, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy continues to be a major support to American interests in the 21st century.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States Navy - dKosopedia .
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is a blue water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward areas during peacetime, and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it an active player in American foreign and defense policy.^ Its ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward areas during peacetime, and rapidly respond to regional crises makes it an active player in American foreign and defence policy.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ While the United States has drawn down its military presence in Europe and in other parts of the world, it is rapidly building up its military presence in the Gulf area, building new bases, pre-positioning forces there, gradually accreting the permanently or semi-permanently deployed forces in the region.
  • Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.cceia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Multiple carriers are deployed around the world at any given time to provide military presence, respond quickly to crises, and participate in joint exercises with allied forces; [30] this has led the Navy to refer to their Nimitz-class carriers as "4.5 acres of sovereign and mobile American territory."
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy.^ The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Department of the Navy is, itself, a division of the Department of Defense , which is headed by the Secretary of Defense .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy falls under the administration of the Department of the Navy , under civilian leadership of the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Department of the Navy is itself a division of the Department of Defense, which is headed by the Secretary of Defense.^ The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Department of the Navy is, itself, a division of the Department of Defense , which is headed by the Secretary of Defense .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Joint Meritorious Unit Award is authorized by the Secretary of Defense on June 10, 1981, this award was originally called the Department of Defense Meritorious Unit Award.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The highest ranking Naval officer is the Chief of Naval Operations.^ The highest ranking Navy officer is the Chief of Naval Operations .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Chief Master Sergeant is the ninth, and highest, enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Master Sergeant, and is a non-commissioned officer.
  • United States Air Force, Army, Marines, Navy and Coast Guard rank structure - Military Rank 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Petty Officer Monsoor reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
  • BLACKFIVE: US Navy Seal Mike Monsoor - Awarded the Medal of Honor 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

Contents

Mission

The mission of the Navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas.
—Mission statement of the United States Navy[7]
From the New Recruits Handbook:
The mission of the United States Navy is to protect and defend the right of the United States and our allies to move freely on the oceans and to protect our country against her enemies.
.The United States Navy serves as a seaborne branch of the Military of the United States.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States Navy - dKosopedia .
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Navy beyond the United States.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

10 U.S.C. § 5062 prescribes the navy's three primary areas of responsibility:
  • "The preparation of naval forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war"
  • "The maintenance of naval aviation, including land-based naval aviation, air transport essential for naval operations and all air weapons and air techniques involved in the operations and activities of the Navy"
  • "The development of aircraft, weapons, tactics, technique, organization, and equipment of naval combat and service elements".
.U.S. Navy training manuals state the mission of the U.S armed forces is "to prepare and conduct prompt and sustained combat operations in support of the national interest". As part of that establishment, the U.S. Navy's functions comprise sea control, power projection and nuclear deterrence, in addition to "sealift" duties.^ United States armed forces.
  • MOFA: Agreement regarding the Status of United States Armed Forces in Japan 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.mofa.go.jp [Source type: Original source]
  • U.S. Government Bookstore: Search 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC bookstore.gpo.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Talk:United States armed forces .
  • Talk:United States armed forces - Memory Alpha, the Star Trek Wiki 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC memory-alpha.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nor can the Nations that trained, supported or gave them shelter.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8]

History

Origins

"Without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive."
.In the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, the establishment of an official navy was an issue of debate among the members of the Continental Congress.^ November 28, 1775 - The Continental Navy is established by the Continental Congress.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the early stages of the American Revolutionary War , the establishment of an official navy was an issue of debate among the members of the Continental Congress.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was disbanded shortly thereafter.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Supporters argued that a navy would protect shipping, defend the coast, and make it easier to seek out support from foreign countries.^ Supporters argued that a navy would protect shipping, defend the coast, and make it easier to seek out support from foreign countries.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy is currently considering two different models of ships with cruiser designation that would incorporate innovations in the DDG-1000 design.
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Navy also struggled during this period to keep up with rapidly changing technology which was quickly making the men-of-war built during the War, and all ships like them, obsolete.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navy, then the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking.^ Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navy, then the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ "The Star-Spangled Banner", America's National Anthem, was written in 1814 and is largely a tribute to the bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore, Maryland, by the British Royal Navy.
  • The United States of America: A Failing Superpower- The Politics eZine 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.lilith-ezine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USS Long Beach (CGN-9) was the first nuclear-powered surface warship in the world and signaled a new era of United States naval weaponry by being the first large ship in the Navy to have guided missiles as its main battery.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

[6]
.Commander in Chief George Washington commissioned seven ocean-going cruisers to interdict British supply ships, and reported the captures to the Congress.^ The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which the    Continental Congress established on 13 October 1775 by authorizing the procurement, fitting out, manning, and dispatch of two armed vessels to cruise in search of munitions ships supplying the British Army in America.

^ This was not carried out until October 13 1775 , when George Washington announced that he had taken command of three armed schooners under Continental authority to intercept any British supply ships near Massachusetts.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Their crews reported hits on a cruiser and a transport ship at Bali, and reports from subsequent PBY reconnaissance flights indicated that the ships had been sunk.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This effectively ended the debate in Congress as to whether or not to "provoke" the British by establishing a Navy as Washington's ships had already captured British ships, somewhat a provocation.^ Iranian Revolutionary Guard boats harassed and provoked three U.S. Navy ships in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, officials said Monday .
  • U.S. Navy Activities: News & Videos about U.S. Navy Activities - CNN.com 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The British had little alternative, for there were no U.S. Navy ships patrolling the African coast to whom the vessels might have been surrendered.

^ By war's end in 1945, the United States Navy had added hundreds of new ships, including 18 aircraft carriers and 8 battleships.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.While Congress deliberated, it received word that two unarmed British supply ships from England were heading towards Quebec without escort.^ While Congress deliberated, it received word that two unarmed British supply ships from England were heading towards Quebec without escort.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy was officially founded on October 13, 1775, when the Continental Congress authorized the outfitting of two vessels "of ten carriage guns...for a cruise of three months" against British supply ships.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There, a New England judge ruled that it was no crime to sell supplies to slave traders and released the ship, which then went out on a genuine slaving voyage.

.A plan was drawn up to intercept the ships—however, the armed vessels to be used were owned not by Congress, but by individual colonies.^ A plan was drawn up to intercept the ships, however the armed vessels to be used were owned not by Congress, but by individual colonies.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Whether this provision protects the individual's right to own firearms or whether it deals only with the collective right of the people to arm and maintain a militia has long been debated.
  • U.S. Senate: Reference Home > Constitution of the United States 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The regular armed forces will use them mainly as individual replacements for combat losses.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of greater significance, then, was an additional plan to equip two ships that would operate under the direct authority of Congress to capture British supply ships.^ Of greater significance, then, was an additional plan to equip two ships that would operate under the direct authority of Congress to capture British supply transports.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ He also suggested that store ships for resupply would provide greater flexibility of operation, that more ships be stationed near the Congo, and that the sale of American vessels in Africa be banned.

^ In addition, the proposed rule updates administrative information relating to the Secretary of the Navy Council of Review Boards and the NDRB. The proposed rule does not meet requirements under Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review,'' to be considered a significant regulatory action.
  • Justia Regulation Tracker Naval Discharge Review Board , - Navy Department - 746–748 [E9–31231] 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC regulations.justia.com [Source type: Academic]

.This was not carried out until 13 October 1775, when George Washington announced that he had taken command of three armed schooners under Continental authority to intercept any British supply ships near Massachusetts.^ This was not carried out until October 13 1775 , when George Washington announced that he had taken command of three armed schooners under Continental authority to intercept any British supply ships near Massachusetts.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ June 15, 1775 - George Washington is appointed to Commander-in-Cheif of the Continental Army.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arleigh Burke class (50 in commission, 6 under construction, 7 more planned) Modern U.S. frigates mainly perform undersea warfare for carrier strike groups and amphibious expeditionary groups and provide armed escort for supply convoys and merchant shipping.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.With the revelation that vessels were already sailing under Continental control, the decision to add two more was made easier;[10] the resolution was adopted and 13 October would later become known as the U.S. Navy's official birthday.^ With the revelation that vessels were already sailing under Continental control, the decision to add two more was made easier; [8] the resolution was adopted and October 13 would later become known as the United States Navy's official birthday.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which the    Continental Congress established on 13 October 1775 by authorizing the procurement, fitting out, manning, and dispatch of two armed vessels to cruise in search of munitions ships supplying the British Army in America.

^ The United States Navy was officially founded on October 13, 1775, when the Continental Congress authorized the outfitting of two vessels "of ten carriage guns...for a cruise of three months" against British supply ships.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]
.The Continental Navy achieved mixed results; it was successful in a number of engagements and raided many British merchant vessels, but it lost 24 of its vessels[12] and at one point was reduced to two in active service.^ The Continental Navy achieved mixed results; it was successful in a few individual engagements and raided many British merchant vessels, but it lost 24 ships [10] and at one point was reduced to two in active service.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The British had little alternative, for there were no U.S. Navy ships patrolling the African coast to whom the vessels might have been surrendered.

^ The U.S. Navy has operated a number of vessels important to both United States and world naval history.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

[13] .As Congress turned its attention after the conflict towards securing the western border of the new United States, a standing navy was considered to be dispensable because of its high operating costs and its limited number of roles.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States Navy - dKosopedia .
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Continental Congress had a very limited role in mind for the Navy.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]

From reestablishment to the Civil War

We ought to begin a naval power, if we mean to carry on our commerce.
.The United States would be without a navy for nearly a decade—a state of affairs that exposed its merchant ships to a series of attacks by Barbary pirates.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States would be without a navy for nearly a decade — a state of affairs that exposed its merchant ships to a series of attacks by Barbary pirates.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy beyond the United States.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.The sole armed maritime presence between 1790 and the launching of the U.S. Navy's first warships in 1797 was the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service (USRCS), the primary "ancestor" of the U.S. Coast Guard.^ United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard The combined United States armed forces consists of 1.4 million active duty personnel along with several hundred thousand each in the Reserves and National Guard .
  • United States - Slider 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two American navies would help usher in a new era in world naval history by putting ironclad warships into combat for the first time.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Although USRCS Cutters conducted operations against these pirates, the depredations far outstripped the abilities of the USRCS and Congress ordered the construction and manning of six frigates on 27 March 1794;[12] three years later the first three were welcomed into service: the USS United States, USS Constellation and USS Constitution.^ In response to these depredations, Congress ordered the construction and manning of six frigates on March 27, 1794; [10] three years later the first three were welcomed into service: the USS United States , USS Constellation and USS Constitution .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the United States there are three generally .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.Following an undeclared Quasi-War with France, the U.S. Navy saw substantial action in the War of 1812, where it was victorious in numerous single-ship duels with the Royal Navy.^ Following an undeclared Quasi-War with France, the U.S. Navy saw substantial action in the War of 1812 , where it defeated rival British frigates on more than one occasion and emerged victorious in freshwater battles at Lake Champlain and Lake Erie .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Two years after the end of the War, however, the money-poor Congress sold off the last ship of the Continental Navy.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Paine and Commander Tucker of the Royal Navy agreed to undertake joint cruising and to turn over to each other the ships they seized, whether British or American.

.The Navy drove all significant British forces off the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain and prevented them from becoming British controlled zones of conflict.^ Following an undeclared Quasi-War with France, the U.S. Navy saw substantial action in the War of 1812 , where it defeated rival British frigates on more than one occasion and emerged victorious in freshwater battles at Lake Champlain and Lake Erie .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Since the end of the cold war the British forces have managed to phase out all nuclear devices except for strategic missiles on nuclear submarines.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Continental Navy's ships were to raid commerce and attack the transports that supplied British forces in North America.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Despite this, the U.S. Navy was unable to prevent the British from blockading American ports and landing troops on American soil.^ However, the U.S. Navy was not strong enough to prevent the British from blockading American ports and landing troops at will.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Despite Inman's belatedly valiant effort, soon after the Civil War started the U.S. African Squadron was ordered home to help blockade Southern ports.

^ As the American troops were landing the Grenadian soldiers surrounded the student's house and an anti-aircraft gun was placed in the front yard.
  • United States PSYOP in Grenada - Operation Urgent Fury 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .After the war, the U.S. Navy again focused its attention on protecting American shipping assets, sending squadrons to the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, South America, Africa, and the Pacific.^ He has over 19 years of experience in both the Maritime and Land Warfare; including deployments to Southwest Asia, Thailand, the South Pacific, South America and Egypt.
  • BLACKFIVE: US Navy Seal Mike Monsoor - Awarded the Medal of Honor 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

^ In the postwar years the Navy blockaded and bombarded Algiers and kept small ongoing squadrons in the Mediterranean, the Caribbean, off the west African coast, and in the Pacific.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He also suggested that store ships for resupply would provide greater flexibility of operation, that more ships be stationed near the Congo, and that the sale of American vessels in Africa be banned.

[12]
.During the Mexican-American War the U.S. Navy contributed by instituting blockades of Mexican ports, capturing or burning the Mexican fleet in the Gulf of California and capturing all major cities in Baja California peninsula—later returned.^ Polk was also an extremely effective leader during the Mexican American War.
  • Top 10 United States President’s of All Time. | The Best Article Every day 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.bspcn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Mexican War (1846-1848), the Navy blockaded Mexican ports and supported operations ashore both along the California coast and in the Gulf of Mexico.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today's special event: On January 13, 1847, the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed, ending fighting in the Mexican-American War .
  • The United States Constitution - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.usconstitution.net [Source type: Original source]

.In 1846-1848 the navy successfully used the Pacific Squadron under Commodore (Rear Admiral) Robert Stockton and its marines and blue-jackets to facilitate the capture of California with large scale land operations coordinated with the local militia organized in the California Battalion.^ A proposal for use of Negroes within and outside the United States in special cargo handling "supply-battalions" under administration of BuSandA was never pressed by the latter.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Navy participated in Operation Enduring Freedom , the Iraq War , and the ongoing War on Terrorism largely in this capacity.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The first recipients of this award were members of the U.S. Navy operation "High Jump" under the late Admiral R.E. Byrd in 1946 and 1947.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The navy conducted the U.S. military's first large-scale amphibious joint operation by successfully landing 12,000 army troops with their equipment in one day at Veracruz, Mexico.^ Army Life United States Military Officials Considering Major Troop Withdrawal from Iraq Officers in Baghdad are planning an operation that will involve bringing home a significant number of U.S. troops currently stationed in Iraq.
  • United States Military - Associated Content - Topic 20 September 2009 3:51 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I applaud the navy for commissioning a large scale one though, but lets not give the government the credit for something scientists and enthusiast have been working on for years.
  • U.S. Navy Invents Railgun | Gadget Lab | Wired.com 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States went to war in 1846 against Mexico and the Navy contributed by instituting a blockade, assisting the American takeover of California , and participating in the U.S. military's first large-scale amphibious operation at Vera Cruz .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.When larger guns were needed to bombard Veracruz Navy volunteers landed large navy guns and manned them in the successful bombardment of the city and its surrender.^ "The Star-Spangled Banner", America's National Anthem, was written in 1814 and is largely a tribute to the bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore, Maryland, by the British Royal Navy.
  • The United States of America: A Failing Superpower- The Politics eZine 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.lilith-ezine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Navy also transported General Winfield Scott's Army to Veracruz in 1847, from where it marched inland to capture Mexico City, thus ending the War.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A larger effort must be allocated by the enemy to the destruction of our relatively small force of sheltered ICBMs than to our large number of soft manned bombers.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.This successful landing and capture of Veracruz eventually opening the way for the capture of Mexico City and the end of the war.^ The Navy also transported General Winfield Scott's Army to Veracruz in 1847, from where it marched inland to capture Mexico City, thus ending the War.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not view this as an open-ended authorization for this or any future President to wage war on any one at any time.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, we must be careful not to embark on an open-ended war with neither an exit strategy nor a focused target.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[6] The United States Navy established itself as a player in American foreign policy through the actions of Commodore Matthew Perry in Japan, which resulted in the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854.
.Naval power would play a significant role during the American Civil War, where the Union had a distinct advantage over the Confederacy on the seas.^ During the American Civil War , West Virginia broke away from Virginia.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naval power would play a significant role during the Civil War , where the Union had a distinct advantage over the Confederacy on the seas.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Much of the Navy's current fleet fits a template set by President Ronald Reagan during the Cold War , which in turn was based on a model of warfare drawn from the Naval battles of World War II modified to fit the new role played by nuclear weapons.
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .A Union blockade on shipping handicapped the Southern effort throughout the conflict.^ A Union blockade on shipping handicapped the Southern effort throughout the conflict.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Despite Inman's belatedly valiant effort, soon after the Civil War started the U.S. African Squadron was ordered home to help blockade Southern ports.

^ One battle, in 1862, caused by the blockade, took place at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay where a Confederate ironclad, C.S.S. Virginia, was attacking Union blockade ships.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The two American navies would help usher in a new era in world naval history by putting ironclad warships into combat for the first time.^ The two American navies would help usher in a new era in world naval history by putting ironclad warships into combat for the first time.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navy, then the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The first submarine built by the U.S. Navy was USS Alligator , which sank in 1863 while being towed during a storm and never saw combat.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Battle of Hampton Roads in 1862, which pitted USS Monitor against CSS Virginia, became the first engagement between two steam-powered ironclads.^ The Battle of Hampton Roads in 1862, which pitted USS Monitor against CSS Virginia , became the first engagement between two steam-powered ironclads.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ USS Monitor and CSS Virginia are together known for participating in the first engagement between two steam-powered ironclads , known as the Battle of Hampton Roads .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Virginia was in turn attacked by a new Union ironclad, a true semi-submersible, the U.S.S. Monitor.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[13] .Soon after the war, however, the U.S. Navy's fleet slipped into obsolescence because of neglect.^ Soon after the war, however, the U.S. Navy slipped into obsolescence because of neglect.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In the subsequent Cold War , the U.S. Navy evolved into a nuclear deterrent and crisis response force while preparing for a possible global war with the Soviet Union .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Following American entry into the war, the U.S. Navy grew tremendously as the United States was faced with a two-front war on the seas.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

20th century

The Great White Fleet demonstrates U.S. naval power in 1907; it was proof that the US Navy had blue-water capability
Our ships are our natural bulwarks.
.A modernization program beginning in the 1880s brought the U.S. in line with the navies of countries such as the United Kingdom and Germany.^ A modernization program beginning in the 1880s brought the U.S. into the first rank of the world's navies by the end of the century.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The beginnings of the modern Navy .
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Australians, who committed their Navy and RAAF bomber units, were trying to hold the Japanese at a distance from their country.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1907, most of the Navy's battleships, with several support vessels, dubbed the Great White Fleet, were showcased in a 14-month circumnavigation of the world.^ In 1907, several of the Navy's ships, dubbed the Great White Fleet , were showcased in a 14-month circumnavigation of the world.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Two years after the Treaty of Portsmouth, in December 1907, President Roosevelt sent 16 battleships – "The Great White Fleet" – on a round-the-world tour.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For Africans destined to be slaves in the New World, a long march lasting several months was not uncommon.
  • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ordered by President Theodore Roosevelt, it was a mission designed to demonstrate the Navy's capability to extend to the global theater.^ Ordered by President Theodore Roosevelt , it was a mission designed to demonstrate the Navy's capability to extend to the global theater.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ March 4, 1901 - Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 25th Vice President of the United States.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ March 4, 1905 - Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

[12]
Columbia, personification of the United States, wearing a warship bearing the words "World Power" as her "Easter bonnet" on the cover of "Puck", April 6, 1901.
.The Navy saw little action during World War I, but grew into a formidable force in the years prior to World War II.^ The U.S. Navy came into international prominence in the 20th century, especially during World War II .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ U.S. aircraft marking from interwar years to early World War II .
  • United States Air Force at AllExperts 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy saw little action during World War I , but grew into a formidable force in the years before World War II .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Though ultimately unsuccessful, Japan attempted to allay this strategic threat with the 1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.^ Though ultimately unsuccessful, Japan attempted to allay this strategic threat with the late-1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ December 8, 1941: MacArthur's Pearl Harbor.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was a part of the conflict from the onset of American military involvement — the attack on Pearl Harbor — to Japan's official surrender on the deck of the USS Missouri .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Following American entry into the war, the U.S. Navy grew tremendously as the United States was faced with a two-front war on the seas.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States into the Vietnam war and the subsequent .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.It achieved notable acclaim in the Pacific Theater, where it was instrumental to the Allies' successful "island hopping" campaign.^ It achieved notable acclaim in the Pacific Theater in particular, where it was instrumental to the Allies' successful " island hopping " campaign.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Large-scale amphibious operations, part of an island-hopping strategy, supported by carrier-borne aviation, carried the Americans back across the Pacific.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan earned money from the sale of war material, and, siding with the Allies, occupied and took control of island territories in the Pacific that had belonged to Germany.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .The U.S. Navy participated in many significant battles, including the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Battle of Midway, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and the Battle of Okinawa.^ Many pursuit pilots in the Philippines and essentially all USAAF groundcrew were organized into infantry units and would participate in the doomed defense of Bataan.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. Navy participated in many significant battles, including: the Battle of the Coral Sea , the Battle of Midway , the Battle of the Philippine Sea , the Battle of Leyte Gulf , and the Battle of Okinawa .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.By 1943, the Navy's size was larger than the combined fleets of all the other combatant nations in World War II.[15] By war's end in 1945, the United States Navy had added hundreds of new ships, including 18 aircraft carriers and 8 battleships, and had over 70% of the world's total numbers and total tonnage of naval vessels of 1,000 tons or greater.^ The U.S. Navy has operated a number of vessels important to both United States and world naval history.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ By war's end in 1945, the United States Navy had added hundreds of new ships, including 18 aircraft carriers and 8 battleships.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

[16][17]
.American Navy doctrine had significantly shifted by the end of the war.^ The Navy also transported General Winfield Scott's Army to Veracruz in 1847, from where it marched inland to capture Mexico City, thus ending the War.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the end of World War II, both the U.S. and the Navy found themselves almost immediately entering a Cold War with Stalin's Soviet Union.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ August 12, 1898 - The United States and Spain sign an armistice, ending the Spanish-American War.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

.The United States Navy had followed in the footsteps of the navies of Great Britain and Germany which favored concentrated groups of battleships as their main offensive naval weapons.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Main article: Politics of the United States .
  • United States - Slider 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Culture of the United States .
  • United States - Slider 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] .The development of the aircraft carrier and its devastating utilization by the Japanese against the Americans at Pearl Harbor however shifted Americans thinking.^ It was a part of the conflict from the onset of American military involvement — the attack on Pearl Harbor — to Japan's official surrender on the deck of the USS Missouri .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ During World War II, we saw our government commit, sadly, acts against the civil liberties of Japanese-American citizens.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There has been backsliding, to be sure, such as the relocation of innocent Japanese-American families in the post-Pearl Harbor panic.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Pearl Harbor attack destroyed or took out of action a significant number of American battleships.^ It was a part of the conflict from the onset of American military involvement — the attack on Pearl Harbor — to Japan's official surrender on the deck of the USS Missouri .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Though ultimately unsuccessful, Japan attempted to allay this strategic threat with the late-1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ U.S. involvement in World War II (1941-45) was sparked by the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, and fear of an Axis invasion of North America.
  • History of U.S. Military Interventions since 1890 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC academic.evergreen.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This placed much of the burden of retaliating against the Japanese on the small number of aircraft carriers.^ The number of aircraft carriers in service (and with them the demands placed on supporting ships) is expected to decline from 12 to 10.
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of our defense against the air breathing threat can be destroyed before it has the opportunity to attack an enemy aircraft.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Resembling small aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships are capable of V/STOL , STOVL , VTOL , tiltrotor, and rotary wing aircraft operations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

[19]
.The potential for armed conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cold War pushed the U.S. Navy to continue its technological advancement by developing new weapons systems, ships, and aircraft.^ Peacekeeping developed over the Cold War .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Cold War developed during the late 1940's.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With the potential for armed conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cold War , the U.S. Navy continued to advance technologically by developing new weapons systems, ships, and aircraft.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.United States naval strategy changed to that of forward deployment in support of U.S. allies with an emphasis on carrier battle groups.^ United States naval strategy changed to that of forward deployment in support of U.S. allies with an emphasis on carrier battle groups.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States has held a Naval Base at an occupied portion of Guantanamo Bay , Cuba since 1898 .
  • United States - Slider 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United States naval aviation fully came of age in World War II, when it became clear following the Attack on Pearl Harbor , the Battle of the Coral Sea , and the Battle of Midway that aircraft carriers and the planes that they carried had replaced the battleship as the greatest weapon on the seas.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

[20]
A recruitment poster from 1917, emphasizing the U.S. Navy's transport function
.The Navy was a major participant in the Vietnam War, blockaded Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and, through the use of ballistic missile submarines, became an important aspect of the United States' nuclear strategic deterrence policy.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Nuclear Missile Submarines (14) .
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States into the Vietnam war and the subsequent .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.The United States Navy conducted various combat operations in the Persian Gulf against Iran in 1987 and 1988, most notably Operation Praying Mantis.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States Navy - dKosopedia .
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States from North Korea) to the Navy's surface combatants.
  • United States Navy - dKosopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Navy was extensively involved in Operation Urgent Fury, Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Deliberate Force, Operation Allied Force, Operation Desert Fox and Operation Southern Watch.^ Petras calls this a US-sponsored "Murder Incorporated" that's composed of Army Special Forces, Navy Seals and a DELTA force operating in a Special Agency Program (SAP).
  • The Power of Israel in the United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC wake-up-america.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Power projection ("la projection") : This is a high-priority task of the French military typically involving land, air, and maritime forces, preferably in close co-operation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the close of Desert Storm, the Navy remained, and still remains today, in the Persian Gulf and in the Indian Ocean as a symbol of the U.S. commitment to the security of the region.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The U.S. Navy has also been involved in Search and Rescue/Search and Salvage operations, some times in conjunction with vessels of other countries as well as with U.S. Coast Guard ships.^ Operated by AF pilot transitioning into some other...
  • Milblogging.com: The World's Largest Index of Military Blogs (Milblogs) | Search Results 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC milblogging.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force note: the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two examples are the 1966 Palomares B-52 crash incident and search for the nuclear bombs, and the Task Force 71 of the Seventh Fleet operation in search for Korean Air Lines Flight 007 shot down by the Soviets on Sept.^ Command operation, bombing, nuclear threat .
  • History of U.S. Military Interventions since 1890 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC academic.evergreen.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two Libyan jets shot down.
  • History of U.S. Military Interventions since 1890 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC academic.evergreen.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, we note that the Operational Support Planning Guide of Joint Task Force Six (which coordinates military and civilian law enforcement activities in the Southwestern United States) states that: .

1, 1983.

21st century

When a crisis confronts the nation, the first question often asked by policymakers is: 'What naval forces are available and how fast can they be on station?'
Six modern amphibious assault ships of the US Navy in formation
.The United States Navy continues to be a major support to American interests in the 21st century.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy continues to be a major support to American interests in the 21st century.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy beyond the United States.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.Since the end of the Cold War, it has shifted its focus from preparations for large-scale war with the Soviet Union to special operations and strike missions in regional conflicts.^ Since the end of the Cold War, it has shifted its focus from a large-scale war with the Soviet Union to special operations and strike missions in regional conflicts.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The subsequent Soviet collapse ended the Cold War.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for the myth of ending the cold war: 1.
  • Top 10 United States President’s of All Time. | The Best Article Every day 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.bspcn.com [Source type: Original source]

[22] .The Navy participated in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and is a major participant in the ongoing War on Terror, largely in this capacity.^ The Navy participated in Operation Enduring Freedom , the Iraq War , and the ongoing War on Terrorism largely in this capacity.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy supported both the air and ground operations which quickly led to the decimation of the Iraqi army and its forced withdrawal from Kuwait.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The size, complexity, and international presence of the United States Navy require a large number of navy installations to support its operations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Development continues on new ships and weapons, including the Gerald R. Ford class aircraft carrier and the Littoral combat ship.^ Development continues on new ships and weapons, including the CVN-21 aircraft carrier and the Littoral combat ship .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ New technologies, including biotechnology, have enormous potential to improve crop yields in developing countries while using fewer pesticides and less water.

^ Kitty Hawk class (1 in commission, 2 decommissioned) Enterprise class (1 in commission) Nimitz class (9 in commission, 1 under construction) Gerald R. Ford -class (1 under construction, 2 planned) [ edit ] Amphibious warfare vessels .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Because of its size, weapons technology, and ability to project force far from American shores, the current U.S. Navy remains a potent asset for the United States Commander-in-Chief (the President of the United States).^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It is also a specific United States Air Force rank and United States Navy rate.
  • United States Air Force, Army, Marines, Navy and Coast Guard rank structure - Military Rank 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.aviationexplorer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 2007, the U.S. Navy joined with the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Coast Guard to adopt a new maritime strategy called A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower that raises the notion of prevention of war to the same philosophical level as the conduct of war.^ The Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard designated as such by appropriate authority.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The boundaries of freedom for the United States in the 21st Century no longer lie off the waters of Pearl Harbor or the East River of our beloved New York, or at Barrow on our Arctic Ocean, or on our Gulf Coast.
  • United States Navy Veterans Association 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.org [Source type: Original source]
  • United States Navy Veterans Association 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The strategy was presented by the Chief of Naval Operations, the Commandant of the Marine Corps and Commandant of the Coast Guard at the International Seapower Symposium in Newport, R.I. on 17 October 2007.[23] The strategy recognized the economic links of the global system and how any disruption due to regional crises — man made or natural—can adversely impact the U.S. economy and quality of life.^ On October 19, 1942, the Chief of Naval Personnel noting that these studies were under way, wrote the Commandants of the Coast Guard and Marine Corps that .
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force note: the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coast Guard vessel, shipyard, base, or station; the commanding officer of any Marine brigade, regiment, detached battalion, or corresponding unit; the commanding officer of any Marine barracks, wing, group, separate squadron, station, base, auxiliary air field, or other place where members of the Marine Corps are on duty; .
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.This new strategy charts a course for the Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps to work collectively with each other and international partners to prevent these crises from occurring or reacting quickly should one occur to prevent negative impacts on the United States.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard designated as such by appropriate authority.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ United States and how the bureaucracy works.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

Organization

Simplified flowchart of U.S. Navy command structure
.The Navy falls under the administration of the Department of the Navy, under civilian leadership of the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV).^ The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Navy falls under the administration of the Department of the Navy , under civilian leadership of the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ At the very top level of civilian organization, the USMC is part of the Department of the Navy and reports to the Secretary of the Navy .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The most senior naval officer is the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), a four-star admiral who is immediately under and reports to the Secretary of the Navy.^ The highest ranking Navy officer is the Chief of Naval Operations .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The most senior naval officer is the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) , a four-star admiral who is immediately under and reports to the Secretary of the Navy.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy Regulations provide that four flourishes be given to the President of the United States, an ex-President, the Vice President, a member of the President’s Cabinet, Under Secretaries and Assistant Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the Chief Justice, ambassadors, the govenor of a state or of a territory or possession of the United States, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Congressional committees, admirals and generals of four star rank or above, and personages of similar rank from a foreign government, including members of a reigning royal family.
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same time, the Chief of Naval Operations is one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which is the second-highest deliberatory body of the armed forces after the United States National Security Council, although it only plays an advisory role to the President and does not nominally form part of the chain of command.^ It is only presented by the President and is awarded in the name of Congress of the United States.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States armed forces for service in Korea.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Arms, etc., acquired from the United States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations are responsible for organizing, recruiting, training, and equipping the Navy so that it is ready for operation under the command of the Unified Combatant Commanders.^ Ability to function under Navy operational pressures to meet flight...
  • U.s. navy jobs - Massachusetts - Xconomy Jobs Boston 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC jobs.boston.xconomy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On October 19, 1942, the Chief of Naval Personnel noting that these studies were under way, wrote the Commandants of the Coast Guard and Marine Corps that .
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Operating forces

.There are nine components to the operating forces of the U.S. Navy: the Fleet Forces Command, Pacific Fleet, Naval Forces Central Command, Naval Forces Europe, Naval Network Warfare Command, Navy Reserve, Naval Special Warfare Command, Operational Test and Evaluation Force, and Military Sealift Command.^ The U.S. Navy has operated a number of vessels important to both United States and world naval history.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ There seems to be an understanding that, in an age of increasingly frequent military interventions, substantial power projection requires a solid foundation in ground forces.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cruisers are large surface combat vessels that conduct anti-air/anti-missile warfare, surface warfare, undersea warfare, and strike operations independently or as members of a larger task force.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Fleets in the United States Navy take on the role of force provider; they do not carry out military operations independently, rather they train and maintain naval units that will subsequently be provided to the naval forces component of each Unified Combatant Command.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States does not train nor want its military to do .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations are responsible for organizing, recruiting, training, and equipping the Navy so that it is ready for operation under the command of the Unified Combatant Commanders .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.While not widely publicized, groups of ships departing U.S. waters for operational missions gain a task force type designation, almost always with the Second or Third Fleets.^ While not widely publicized, groups of ships departing U.S. waters for operational missions gain a Task force type designation, almost always with the Second or Third Fleets.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The purpose of this publication is to provide timely information to Air Force Comptroller personnel relating to mission accomplishment; to assist them in solving problems and improving efficiency of operation; to communicate new developments and techniques; and to stimulate professional thought and development.
  • U.S. Government Bookstore: Browse by Subject: Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC bookstore.gpo.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Cruisers are large surface combat vessels that conduct anti-air/anti-missile warfare, surface warfare, undersea warfare, and strike operations independently or as members of a larger task force.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.On entry into another numbered fleet's area of responsibility, they are redesignated as a task group from that fleet.^ On entry into another numbered fleet's area of responsibility, they are redesignated as a task group from that fleet.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ When deployed with a carrier strike group or expeditionary strike group, destroyers and their fellow Aegis-equipped cruisers are primarily tasked with defending the fleet while providing secondary strike capabilities.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They are unique, unnumbered organizations or activities that perform functions normally performed by numbered wings, groups, squadrons, etcetera.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example, a carrier task group departing the Eastern Seaboard for the Mediterranean might start out as Task Group 20.1; on entry into the Mediterranean, it might become Task Group 60.1.
.The United States Navy has six active numbered fleets — Second, Third, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Fleets are each led by a three-star vice admiral, and the Fourth Fleet is led by a rear admiral.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States Navy has five active numbered fleets — Second, Third, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh — that are each led by a three-star Vice Admiral.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ For the United States there are three generally .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.These six fleets are further grouped under Fleet Forces Command (the former Atlantic Fleet), Pacific Fleet, Naval Forces Europe, and Naval Forces Central Command, whose commander also doubles as Commander Fifth Fleet; the first three commands being led by four-star full Admirals.^ These five fleets are further grouped under Fleet Forces Command (the former Atlantic Fleet), Pacific Fleet, Naval Forces Europe, and Naval Forces Central Command, whose commander also doubles as Commander Fifth Fleet; these four commands are led by four-star full Admirals.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Of these recommendations, one, three and six directly pertain to command .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the time being, we will consider only the first two of these questions.
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The First Fleet existed after the Second World War from 1947, but it was redesignated Third Fleet in early 1973.[24] In early 2008, the United States Navy reactivated the Fourth Fleet to control operations in the area controlled by Southern Command, which consists of US assets in and around Central and South America.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Mexico controlling US states?
  • The Coming Collapse of the United States – Neatorama 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

[25]

Shore establishments

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) docks at the U.S. Navy base in Yokosuka, Japan.
.Shore establishment commands exist to support the mission of the seaborne fleets through the use of facilities on land.^ Shore establishment commands exist to support the mission of the afloat fleets through the use of facilities on land.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Such commands are answerable to a Fleet Commander as the shore protector component of the afloat command.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They deliver, command, coordinate, and fully support all elements of a 2200-strong Marine Expeditionary Unit in an amphibious assault using air and amphibious vehicles.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Focusing on logistics and combat-readiness, they are essential for the smooth, continuous and complete operation of naval forces.^ Focusing on logistics and combat-readiness, they are essential for the full, smooth, and continuous operation of operating forces.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Cruisers are large surface combat vessels that conduct anti-air/anti-missile warfare, surface warfare, undersea warfare, and strike operations independently or as members of a larger task force.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It was discussing the need to ensure our naval forces retain access to coastal waters, the reasons why, and the threats to that continued access.
  • ‘How the United States Lost the Naval War of 2015' | The Best Defense 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC ricks.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

.The variety of commands reflect the complexity of the modern US Navy and range from naval intelligence to personnel training to maintaining repair facilities.^ The variety of commands reflect the complexity of the modern U.S. Navy and range from naval intelligence to personnel training to maintaining repair facilities.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ On October 19, 1942, the Chief of Naval Personnel noting that these studies were under way, wrote the Commandants of the Coast Guard and Marine Corps that .
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A similar device was authorized for Navy and Marine Corps personnel in 1920 which authorized a " special letter of commendation" to be awarded on the recommendation of the Board of Naval Award.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two of the major logistics and repair commands are Naval Sea Systems Command and Naval Air Systems Command.^ Two of the major logistics and repair commands are Naval Sea Systems Command and Naval Air Systems Command .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Bureau policy on this point was strongly reemphasized in a letter from the Chief of Naval Personnel to the Naval Districts and the various air training commands, 26 September 1944.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Major General Mason Patrick commanded the Air Service of the AEF ; his deputy was Brig.
  • United States Air Force at AllExperts 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Reference]
  • United States Air Force - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Other commands such as the Office of Naval Intelligence, the United States Naval Observatory, and the Naval War College focus on intelligence and strategy.^ Tripoli declared war but not the United States.
  • Use of U.S. Forces Abroad 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States and other major powers .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.Training commands include the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center and the United States Naval Academy.^ The issue for the United States is not whether the training can be .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Training commands include the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center and the United States Naval Academy .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Are the United States highly trained armed .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Navy maintains several "Naval Forces Commands" which operate naval shore facilities and serve as liaison units to local ground forces of the Air Force and Army.^ Petras calls this a US-sponsored "Murder Incorporated" that's composed of Army Special Forces, Navy Seals and a DELTA force operating in a Special Agency Program (SAP).
  • The Power of Israel in the United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC wake-up-america.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force note: the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Such commands are answerable to a Fleet Commander as the shore protector component of the afloat command. .During times of war, all Naval Forces Commands augment to become task forces of a primary fleet.^ Must be available at all times to take command of the armed forces.
  • President of the United States of America@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During times of war, all Naval Forces Commands augment to become task forces of a primary fleet.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ During the Cold War, the Bundeswehr, with all its three services, was the only Western force fully integrated into NATO's structures: under alliance command even in peacetime.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of the larger Naval Forces Commands in the Pacific Ocean include Commander Naval Forces Korea (CNFK), Commander Naval Forces Marianas (CNFM), and Commander Naval Forces Japan (CNFJ).^ The Navy was forced, in this War, to fight large British naval ships, and scored some tremendous victories for so small a force.
  • **************** History of the United States Navy *************** 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC navyvets.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pacific Division Naval Facilities Engineering Command (PACNAVFACENGCOM) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ These five fleets are further grouped under Fleet Forces Command (the former Atlantic Fleet), Pacific Fleet, Naval Forces Europe, and Naval Forces Central Command, whose commander also doubles as Commander Fifth Fleet; these four commands are led by four-star full Admirals.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

Military Sealift Command

.Military Sealift Command (MSC) serves not only the United States Navy, but the entire Department of Defense as an ocean carrier of materiel.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Military Sealift Command (MSC) serves not only the United States Navy, but the entire Department of Defense as the ocean carrier of materiel during peacetime and war.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy beyond the United States.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.It transports equipment, fuel, ammunition, and other goods essential to the smooth function of United States armed forces worldwide.^ The forces can be withdrawn at anytime and the United States .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It transports equipment, fuel, ammunition, and other goods essential to the smooth function of United States armed forces worldwide.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ United States forces in Panama).
  • United States 10.951 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.cidh.org [Source type: Original source]

.Up to 95% of all supplies needed to sustain the U.S. military can be moved by Military Sealift Command.^ Up to 95% of all supplies needed to sustain the U.S. military can be moved by Military Sealift Command.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Military Sealift Command (MSC) serves not only the United States Navy, but the entire Department of Defense as the ocean carrier of materiel during peacetime and war.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Officers in command of colored troops are in constant habit of pressing all able-bodied slaves into the military service of the U.S."...Maj.
  • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

[26] .MSC operates approximately 120 ships with 100 more in reserve.^ MSC operates approximately 120 ships with 100 more in reserve and is unique in that its ships are manned not by active duty Navy personnel, but by civil service or contract merchant mariners .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ By D-Plus-2, nine CIC combat detachments with a complement of 22 officers, and more than 100 agents, exclusive of attached Filipino personnel, were in full operation.
  • 441st Counterintelligence and Military Intelligence Official History at DTIHost 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.441st.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 148,000 in the Navy Reserve; it has 277 ships in active service and more than 4,000 operational aircraft.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The command is unique in that its ships are manned not by active duty Navy personnel, but by civil service or contracted merchant mariners.^ MSC operates approximately 120 ships with 100 more in reserve and is unique in that its ships are manned not by active duty Navy personnel, but by civil service or contract merchant mariners .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Awarded for any active duty service.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am an active duty Marine and have just returned ...
  • Milblogging.com: The World's Largest Index of Military Blogs (Milblogs) | Search Results 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC milblogging.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Naval Special Warfare Command

SWCC crewmen man a special operations craft
.U.S. Naval Special Warfare Command was commissioned 16 April 1987, at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, in San Diego, California.^ Naval Network Warfare Command .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, CA .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Naval Medical Center San Diego, CA .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.It acts as the Naval component of the United States Special Operations Command, headquartered in Tampa, Florida.^ United States should act as the balance in .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Naval special operations groups .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy special operations fall under the jurisdiction of Naval Special Warfare Command , the Navy branch of United States Special Operations Command .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Naval Special Warfare Command provides vision, leadership, doctrinal guidance, resources and oversight to ensure component maritime special operations forces are ready to meet the operational requirements of combatant commanders.^ Naval special operations groups .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Fleets in the United States Navy take on the role of force provider; they do not carry out military operations independently, rather they train and maintain naval units that will subsequently be provided to the naval forces component of each Unified Combatant Command .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ COB6 COB6 spent 24 years in the active duty Army that included 5 combat tours with service in the 1st Ranger Battalion and 1st Special Forces Group .
  • BLACKFIVE: US Navy Seal Mike Monsoor - Awarded the Medal of Honor 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

.The NSW has 5,400 total active-duty personnel, including 2,450 SEALs and 600 Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen.^ COB6 COB6 spent 24 years in the active duty Army that included 5 combat tours with service in the 1st Ranger Battalion and 1st Special Forces Group .
  • BLACKFIVE: US Navy Seal Mike Monsoor - Awarded the Medal of Honor 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

^ Within the continental United States, Negro personnel continued to be assigned duty aboard district craft.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plans and orientations 4.3.1 Force structure: changes and goals In 1998 the Bundeswehr's ground forces comprised 230,600 active soldiers -- 69 percent of the military personnel total of 333,500.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.NSW also maintains a 1,200-person reserve of approximately 325 SEALs, 125 SWCC and 775 support personnel.^ Apart from the forces in Bosnia, approximately 1,000 US personnel continue to be deployed in support roles in Hungary, Croatia, and Italy.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States Navy has nearly 500,000 personnel, approximately a quarter of whom are in ready reserve.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Other US military personnel are deployed to other countries serving in administrative and logistics support roles, with approximately 1,000 US personnel in Macedonia, Albania and Greece.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]

Relationships with other service branches

United States Marine Corps

A Marine F/A-18 from VMFA-451 prepares to launch from the USS Coral Sea (CV-43)
.In 1834, the Marines came under the Department of the Navy.^ There is a reason that the Marines fall under the Department of the Navy and that is so that there will always be some element of an expeditionary ground force ready to go.
  • Flashback: U.S. Navy, “Global Force for Good” 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The additional compensation provided in this section shall be the same for both the War and Navy departments, under certain rules to be prescribed by the President.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army , Navy , Marine Corps , and Air Force .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .Historically, the United States Navy has enjoyed a unique relationship with the United States Marine Corps (USMC), partly because they both specialize in seaborne operations.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ July 11, 1798 - The United States Marine Corps is established.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Historically, the United States Navy has enjoyed a unique relationship with the United States Marine Corps (USMC), partly because they both specialize in seaborne operations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.At the very top level of civilian organization, the USMC is part of the Department of the Navy and reports to the Secretary of the Navy.^ Discover a civilian career with the Department of the Navy that is filled with possibilities and be a part of ...
  • USAJOBS - Search Jobs 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC jobsearch.usajobs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Commission now asked the Army and Navy representatives to report to it the reactions of the Departments to the proposals to end special calls.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yangtze River Patrol and Other US Navy Asiatic Fleet Activities in China, 1920-1942 , as described in the Annual Reports of the Navy Department .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

.However, it is considered to be a distinct, separate service branch and not a subset of the Navy; the highest ranking Marine officer, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, does not report to a Navy officer.^ Rank and command for service with volunteer troops.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The highest ranking Navy officer is the Chief of Naval Operations .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ However, it is considered to be a distinct service branch and not a subset of the Navy; the highest ranking Marine officer, the Commandant of the Marine Corps , does not report to a Navy officer.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients are awarded the Navy variant and Marines are eligible to receive the Navy Cross.^ Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients are awarded the Navy variant and Marines are eligible to receive the Navy Cross .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force note: the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Previous Medal of Honor recipients, thank you for joining us.
  • BLACKFIVE: US Navy Seal Mike Monsoor - Awarded the Medal of Honor 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.blackfive.net [Source type: General]

.The United States Naval Academy trains Marine Corps commissioned officers while prospective Navy officers undergo instruction by Marine NCO Drill Instructors at OCS.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Of commissioned officers of the Provisional Navy .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Appointment of commissioned officers of the Provisional Navy .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Naval Aviation includes Navy and Marine aviators, flight officers, and aircrew.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A similar device was authorized for Navy and Marine Corps personnel in 1920 which authorized a " special letter of commendation" to be awarded on the recommendation of the Board of Naval Award.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any officer of the navy, on whom military rank and command shall be conferred, in virtue of the foregoing * Amended so as to apply to marine corps.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

The relationship extends to the operational theater as well. .As amphibious assault specialists, Marines often deploy on, and attack from, Navy vessels; while being transported on Navy ships, they must obey the orders of the captain of the vessel.^ As amphibious assault specialists, Marines often deploy on and attack from Navy vessels; while being transported on a Navy ship, they must obey the orders of its captain.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Recently, amphibious assault ships have begun to be deployed as the core of an expeditionary strike group , which usually consists of an additional amphibious transport dock and dock landing ship for amphibious warfare and an Aegis-equipped cruiser and destroyer, frigate, and attack submarine for group defense.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Transportation--For officers of the army and navy travelling under orders .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Marine aviation tailhook squadrons train and operate alongside Navy squadrons, flying similar missions and often flying sorties together.^ Marine air squadrons operate alongside Navy air squadrons from aircraft carriers, though they frequently have distinct missions and rarely fly sorties together, except to directly support Marine ground troops.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A similar device was authorized for Navy and Marine Corps personnel in 1920 which authorized a " special letter of commendation" to be awarded on the recommendation of the Board of Naval Award.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations are responsible for organizing, recruiting, training, and equipping the Navy so that it is ready for operation under the command of the Unified Combatant Commanders .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Other types of Marine air squadrons operate from amphibious assault ships in support of Marine amphibious operations.^ Marine air squadrons operate alongside Navy air squadrons from aircraft carriers, though they frequently have distinct missions and rarely fly sorties together, except to directly support Marine ground troops.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ All amphibious transport docks can operate helicopters, LCACs, and other conventional amphibious vehicles while the newer San Antonio class of ships has been explicitly designed to operate all three elements of the Marines' "mobility triad": Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles (EFVs), the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, and the previously mentioned LCACs.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Austin class (9 in commission, 2 decommissioned, 1 converted to an auxiliary command ship) San Antonio class (2 in commission, 3 under construction, 4 more planned) The dock landing ship is a medium amphibious transport that is designed specifically to support and operate Landing Craft Air Cushions (LCACs), though it is able to operate other amphibious assault vehicles in the United States inventory as well.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Navy and Marine squadrons use the same NATOPS aviation manuals and procedures.^ The JMPS will be used by the Air Force, Navy , and Army to plan aviation missions, replacing the various mission planning systems used today.
  • U.s. navy jobs - Massachusetts - Xconomy Jobs Boston 2 February 2010 10:15 UTC jobs.boston.xconomy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This position is located in the Aviation Supply Department of the Marine Aviation Logistic Squadron 24 (MALS 24), COMPATRECONFORPAC NSD, Kaneohe Bay , Hawaii .
  • USAJOBS - Search Jobs 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC jobsearch.usajobs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Use of Naval Forces in the Post-War Era: US Navy & US Marine Corps Crisis Response Activity, 1946-1990 .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

.The USMC does not train chaplains, hospital corpsmen or medical doctors; thus officers and enlisted sailors from the Navy fulfill these roles.^ The USMC does not train chaplains , Religious Programs Specialist and Hospital Corpsmen or medical doctors; thus officers and enlisted sailors from the Navy fulfill these roles.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They work as part of a team that may include social workers, psychologists, medical officers, chaplains, personnel specialists, and commanders.
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the Navy from enforcing United States laws, the United States Coast Guard fulfills this role in naval operations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.They generally wear Marine uniforms that are emblazoned with Navy insignia and markings to distinguish themselves from Marines.^ They generally wear Marine uniforms that are emblazoned with Navy insignia and markings to distinguish themselves from Marines.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ As amphibious assault specialists, Marines often deploy on and attack from Navy vessels; while being transported on a Navy ship, they must obey the orders of its captain.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The men and women in uniform we are about to send into battle will not wear insignia of party identification, they will be there as Americans.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Corpsmen and chaplains enjoy a great sense of camaraderie with the Marines due in part because they work closely with them and often are embedded with Marine units.^ Corpsmen, Religious Program Specialist, and chaplains enjoy a great sense of camaraderie with the Marines due in part because they work closely with them and often are embedded with Marine units.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Instead, he is afraid that former militia commanders from the area are jostling for power because they sense the provincial governor’s position is up for grabs.

^ As amphibious assault specialists, Marines often deploy on and attack from Navy vessels; while being transported on a Navy ship, they must obey the orders of its captain.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.They operate under the command of the Marine Corps under the auspices of the Fleet Marine Force, often called "green side" corpsman.^ They operate under the command of the Marine Corps under the auspices of the Fleet Marine Force .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force note: the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On October 19, 1942, the Chief of Naval Personnel noting that these studies were under way, wrote the Commandants of the Coast Guard and Marine Corps that .
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29]
.Because of the lack of full scale amphibious operations in recent conflicts, there has been pressure to cut the "gator navy" below the two regiments requirement of the Marines.^ Since the end of the Cold War, it has shifted its focus from a large-scale war with the Soviet Union to special operations and strike missions in regional conflicts.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President full authority to use force against these terrorists and is similar to the use of force resolution authorizing military operations during the Persian Gulf conflict in 1991.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[30] This is a reduction from the programmatic goal of 2.5 Marine Expeditionary Brigades and actual structure of 2.07 MEB equivalents in 1999.[31]

United States Coast Guard

.Although the Posse Comitatus Act, which prevents federal military personnel from acting in a law enforcement capacity, applies only to the Army and Air Force, Department of Defense rules effectively require the Navy and Marine Corps to act as if Posse Comitatus did apply, preventing them from enforcing Federal law.^ Navy and Marine Corps personnel could only apply, if they were awarded a citations star by the Army.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To apply only to Provisional army.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army , Navy , Marine Corps , and Air Force .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States Coast Guard fulfills this law enforcement role in naval operations.^ United States role in peacekeeping.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Naval law -- Confederate States of America.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It provides Law Enforcement Detachments (LEDETs) to Navy vessels, where they perform arrests and other law enforcement duties during Navy boarding and interdiction missions.^ It provides Law Enforcement Detachments (LEDETs) to Navy vessels, where they perform arrests and other law enforcement duties during Navy boarding and interdiction missions.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Page 88 Provided , Said officers held commissions from their respective states, and discharged the duties of said offices under said commissions, and no other officers during the time were appointed or discharged the duties of the same.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Chaplains conduct worship services for military personnel and perform other spiritual duties according to the beliefs and practices of various religious faiths.
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In times of war, or when directed by the President, the Coast Guard operates as a service in the Navy and is subject to the orders of the Secretary of the Navy until it is transferred back to the Department of Homeland Security.^ At the time a part of the US Treasury Department, the US Coast Guard operates as a part of the US Navy during time of war.
  • HyperWar: US Coast Guard Cutters, 1940-45 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In times of war, or when directed by the President, the Coast Guard operates as a service in the Navy and is subject to the orders of the Secretary of the Navy until it is transferred back to the Department of Homeland Security .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and the Department of the Navy in time of war.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .At other times, Coast Guard Port Security Units are sent overseas to guard the security of ports and other assets.^ At other times, Coast Guard Port Security Units are sent overseas to guard the security of ports and other assets.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Because the Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the Navy from enforcing United States laws, the United States Coast Guard fulfills this role in naval operations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Coast Guard cutters and small details for Coast Guard Captains of the Port; construction battalions; composite Marine battalions.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Coast Guard also jointly staffs the Navy's Naval Coastal Warfare Groups and Squadrons (the latter of which were known as Harbor Defense Commands until late-2004), which oversee defense efforts in foreign littoral combat and inshore areas.^ The Coast Guard also jointly staffs the Navy's Naval Coastal Warfare Groups and Squadrons (the latter of which were known as Harbor Defense Commands until late-2004), which oversee defense efforts in foreign littoral combat and inshore areas.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Within these groups are Mobile Security Squadrons and Naval Coastal Warfare Squadrons .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Naval Coastal Warfare Squadrons provide surveillance and security in harbors, coasts, and inshore areas.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

Personnel

A "shooter" in working uniform gives the signal to launch an F/A-18 Super Hornet from the USS Enterprise (CVN-65).
.The United States Navy has nearly 500,000 personnel, approximately a quarter of whom are in ready reserve.^ The United States Navy has nearly 500,000 personnel, approximately a quarter of whom are in ready reserve.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Navy beyond the United States.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.Of those on active duty, more than eighty percent are enlisted sailors, and around fifteen percent are commissioned officers; the rest are midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy and midshipmen of the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps at over 180 universities around the country and officer candidates at the Navy's Officer Candidate School.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This means he supervises more than 2,350 active duty, Guard and Reserve chaplains.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Resigned United States officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[3]
.Sailors prove they have mastered skills and deserve responsibilities by completing Personnel Qualification Standards (PQS) tasks and examinations.^ Sailors prove they have mastered skills and deserve responsibilities by completing Personnel Qualification Standards (PQS) tasks and examinations.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In response, the CATIC personnel reportedly said, rather emphatically, that they would have "no problem" with the export.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the most important is the "warfare qualification", which denotes a journeyman level of capability in Surface Warfare, Aviation Warfare, Naval Aircrew, Special Warfare or Submarine Warfare.^ Among the most important is the "warfare qualification," which denotes a journeyman level of capability in Aviation Warfare, Special Warfare, Surface Warfare, or Submarine Warfare.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Destroyers additionally specialize in anti-submarine warfare and are equipped with VLA rockets and LAMPS Mk III Sea Hawk helicopters to deal with underwater threats.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Rotary aircraft weapons revolve around anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and light to medium surface engagements.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Many qualifications are denoted on a sailor's uniform with U.S. Navy badges and insignia.^ Many qualifications are denoted on a sailor's uniform with U.S. Navy badges and insignia .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They generally wear Marine uniforms that are emblazoned with Navy insignia and markings to distinguish themselves from Marines.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Many types of dress uniforms are used in the Navy with the full range of formal requirements represented.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Navy's personnel, but not missions, have been cut since the early 2000s, forcing the use of fewer sailors to cover the same jobs and hurting readiness and morale.^ Other PRC companies, such as China Great Wall Industry Corporation, collect technology for their own use and may be used as cover by PRC intelligence personnel.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, concentration of early contingents in a narrow range of activities was itself a severe limit on experiment in fitting the new personnel to the varied work of the Navy.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early months of the program, priority was given to a few relatively large types of uses for Negro personnel, notably NAD's and "base companies."
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]

Commissioned officer

.Commissioned officers in the Navy have pay grades ranging from O-1 to O-10, with O-10 being the highest; those with paygrades between O-1 through O-4 are considered junior officers and O-5 and O-6 as senior officers.^ Appointment of commissioned officers of the Provisional Navy .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Enlisted members of the Navy have pay grades from E-1 to E-9, with E-9 being the highest.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Commissioned officers in the Navy have pay grades ranging from O-1 to O-10, with O-10 being the highest; those with paygrades between O-1 through O-4 are considered junior officers (Junior Officer status, as well as JOPA membership, is lost once an officer accepts a Department Head billet) and officers in the O-7 to O-10 range are called flag officers or the "admiralty."
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

Officers in the O-7 to O-10 range are called flag officers or "the admiralty." .Promotion through O-8 is based on performance in an officer's current paygrade, which is recorded in "FITREPS" (fitness reports), usually self-written by the officer and edited by superiors.^ Promotion is based on performance in an officer's current paygrade, which is recorded in "FITREPS" (fitness reports), usually self-written by the officer and edited by superiors.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ An enlisted member may be ordered into arrest or confinement by any commissioned officer by an order, oral or written, delivered in person or through other persons subject to this chapter.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bureau received no complaint regarding the professional competence of colored officers, and reports and field inspections yielded evidence of positive satisfaction with their performance.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Promotions to Vice Admiral (O-9) and Admiral (O-10) are based on assignment to specific positions and subject to U.S. Senate confirmation.^ If the vice presidency becomes vacant, the president may nominate a new vice president, subject to the confirmation of both the House and Senate.
  • U.S. Senate: Reference Home > Constitution of the United States 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Back in 1996, for example, the Senate delayed the confirmation of thousands of officers' promotions to exact cooperation from the Defense Department for a plan to reorganize the intelligence community.
  • Melancholy Reunion: A Report From the Future on the Collapse of Civil-Military Relations in the United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Above the rank of Admiral is Fleet Admiral (O-11), which was awarded to only four officers in World War II and is intended to be used only during a declared war.^ Above the rank of Admiral is Fleet Admiral (O-11), which was awarded to a select few in World War II and is intended to be used only during a declared war.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Internment Camps A History of England's Attitude Towards the United States from World War I to World War II This paper details the global changes caused by World War I and II. It looks specifically at England and the United States, and it uses exclusively the editorials found in the English publication "The Spectator."
  • United States Military - Associated Content - Topic 20 September 2009 3:51 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. involvement in World War II (1941-45) was sparked by the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, and fear of an Axis invasion of North America.
  • History of U.S. Military Interventions since 1890 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC academic.evergreen.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1899, a special rank called Admiral of the Navy was created for Admiral George Dewey, a war hero of the Spanish-American War, with the condition that it would cease to exist upon his death.^ In 1899, a special rank called Admiral of the Navy was created for George Dewey , a war hero of the Spanish-American War , with the condition that it would cease to exist upon his death.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Spanish American war, late 1890s.
  • United States of America - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A band of thugs has visited upon this Nation and upon innocent American citizens death and destruction, the likes of which the world has never seen.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[34][35] .Commissioned officers originate from the United States Naval Academy, Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC), Officer Candidate School (OCS), and a host of other commissioning programs such as the Seaman to Admiral-21 program, the Limited Duty Officer and Chief Warrant Officer Selection Programs, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, or receive direct commissions via Officer Development School (ODS) or from its reserve component, the Direct Commission Officer School (DCO School).^ July 11, 1798 - The United States Marine Corps is established.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Midshipman" means a midshipman of the United States Naval Academy and any other midshipman on active duty in the naval service.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Commissioned officers originate from the United States Naval Academy , Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC), Officer Candidate School (OCS), and a host of other commissioning programs such as the Seaman to Admiral-21 program, the Limited Duty Officer Selection Program, and the United States Merchant Marine Academy .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Commissioned officers can generally be divided into line officers and staff corps; line officers can be further split into unrestricted and restricted communities.^ Staff officers--General staff of the army .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Commissioned officers can generally be divided into line officers and staff corps; line officers can be further split into unrestricted and restricted communities.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Staff officers allowed a lieutenant-general commanding a corps d' armee.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Unrestricted Line Officers are the warfighting command element and are authorized to lead ships, aviation squadrons, and special operations units.^ For officers authorized to raise commands, 107.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Unrestricted Line Officers are the warfighting command element and are authorized to lead ships, aviation squadrons, and special operations units.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The United States then lead the operation, called .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.Restricted Line Officers, on the other hand, concentrate on non-combat related fields, such as engineering and maintenance; they are not qualified to command combat units.^ Restricted Line Officers , on the other hand, concentrate on non-combat related fields, such as engineering and maintenance; they are not qualified to command combat units.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Coast Guard vessel, shipyard, base, or station; the commanding officer of any Marine brigade, regiment, detached battalion, or corresponding unit; the commanding officer of any Marine barracks, wing, group, separate squadron, station, base, auxiliary air field, or other place where members of the Marine Corps are on duty; .
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States, on the other hand, is a decentralized federation where most of the states are on equal footing.
  • The Coming Collapse of the United States – Neatorama 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Staff Corps officers are specialists in fields that are themselves professional careers and not exclusive to the military, for example: medicine, science, law, and civil engineering.^ Staff Corps officers are specialists in fields that are themselves professional careers and not exclusive to the military, for example: medicine, law, and civil engineering.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The primary professional PRC intelligence services involved in technology acquisition are the Ministry of State Security (MSS) and the PLA General Staff's Military Intelligence Department (MID).
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the commander of Marine Corps Depot Parris Island, he enforced the homosexual exclusion policy put in place not by military officers but by the civilian leadership.
  • Melancholy Reunion: A Report From the Future on the Collapse of Civil-Military Relations in the United States 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Commissioned Officer Rank Structure of the United States Navy
Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral[36][37] Rear Admiral
(lower half)
O-11 (Inactive) O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7
US Navy O11 insignia.svg US Navy O10 insignia.svg US Navy O9 insignia.svg US Navy O8 insignia.svg US Navy O7 insignia.svg
FADM ADM VADM RADM RDML
Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant
(junior grade)
[36][37]
Ensign
O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1
US Navy O6 insignia.svg US Navy O5 insignia.svg US Navy O4 insignia.svg US Navy O3 insignia.svg US Navy O2 insignia.svg US Navy O1 insignia.svg
CAPT CDR LCDR LT LTJG ENS

Chief Warrant Officer

.Chief Warrant Officer (CWO) pay grades range from W-2 to the highest rank of W-5. United States Navy CWOs are officers whose role is to provide leadership and skills for the most difficult and demanding operations in a particular technical specialty.^ Official United States Navy website .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Resigned United States officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The highest ranking Navy officer is the Chief of Naval Operations .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.They occupy a niche that is not as well served by the line officer community, who tend to have a broader focus.^ After graduation, they may serve as officers on active duty for a stipulated period.
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any commissioned officer on active duty is eligible to serve on all courts-martial for the trial of any person who may lawfully be brought before such courts for trial.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ They are well funded by George Soros, who chartered busses, printed signs, and paid the hotel bills for their people.
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

.CWOs come from the senior non-commissioned officer ranks of the enlisted and receive their commission after completing the Chief Warrant Officer Program.^ Table 1 shows the officers, warrant officers, and enlisted ranks by service.
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Non-commissioned officers and privates.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Meritorious non-commissioned officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They typically become CWOs in specialties that are most related to their previous enlisted rating.^ They typically become CWOs in specialties that are most related to their previous enlisted rating.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Most warrant officers started at Grade W-1 or W-2, depending upon their occupational and academic qualifications and the branch of service of which they were a member, but warrant officer typically is not an entry-level occupation and, consequently, most of these individuals had previous military service.
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States Navy CWOs are commissioned officers whose role is to provide leadership and skills for the most difficult and demanding operations in a particular technical specialty.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Like Staff Corps officers, CWOs wear special insignia above the rank devices on their shoulder boards and sleeves to indicate their field of expertise.^ Like Staff Corps officers, CWOs wear special insignia above the rank devices on their shoulder boards and sleeves to indicate their field of expertise.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The ranks of the Union Army Officer Corps contained 1,000 more slave owners than its counterpart in the Confederate Army.
  • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aside from the handful of staff officers, all Negro officers or officer candidates came either from the ranks or from young men who had not the requirements for V-12 training.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Commissioned Warrant Officer Rank Structure of the United States Navy
Chief Warrant Officer Five Chief Warrant Officer Four Chief Warrant Officer Three Chief Warrant Officer Two
W-5 W-4 W-3 W-2
WO5 USN CWO5.jpg WO4 USN CWO4.jpg WO3 USN CWO3.jpg WO2 USN CWO2.jpg

Enlisted sailors

Petty Officers wearing service uniforms pose for a photograph in front of the Netherlands Carillon at Arlington National Cemetery.
.Enlisted members of the Navy have pay grades from E-1 to E-9, with E-9 being the highest.^ Enlisted members of the Navy have pay grades from E-1 to E-9, with E-9 being the highest.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Commissioned officers in the Navy have pay grades ranging from O-1 to O-10, with O-10 being the highest; those with paygrades between O-1 through O-4 are considered junior officers (Junior Officer status, as well as JOPA membership, is lost once an officer accepts a Department Head billet) and officers in the O-7 to O-10 range are called flag officers or the "admiralty."
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Unless otherwise provided in regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a court-martial sentence of an enlisted member in pay grade above E-1, as approved by the convening authority, that includes-- .
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.All enlisted sailors with paygrades of E-4 and higher are considered Petty Officers while those at E-7 and higher are further named Chief Petty Officers.^ File:CHIEF PETTY OFFICER.gif .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ All enlisted sailors with paygrades of E-4 and higher are considered non-commissioned officers (NCOs) while those at E-7 and higher are further named chief petty officers.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact , That an Executive department be and the same is hereby established, under the name of the War department, the chief officer of which shall be called the Secretary of War.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Those who demonstrate superior performance are given an increase in paygrade; the official Navy term is to be advanced.^ "For those persons who perform any singularly meritorious act of extraordinary fidelity or essential service."
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The decoration may also be given for an act performed prior to November 11, 1918, when the individual has been recommended for, but has not received the Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, Navy Cross, or Distinguished Service Medal.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This resolution will demonstrate to the world--and most importantly those who committed these horrendous crimes--that the United States will respond.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Two notable advancements are from Seaman to Petty Officer Third Class (E-3 to E-4) and from Petty Officer First Class to Chief Petty Officer (E-6 to E-7).^ Thus when the first Negro DE complement was assembled early in 1944, the Negroes were put into the DE school at Norfolk side by side with whites, and the Negro petty officers were quartered with whites.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two notable advancements are from Seaman to Petty Officer Third Class (E-3 to E-4) and from Petty Officer First Class to Chief Petty Officer (E-6 to E-7).
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Advancement to Chief Petty Officer is especially significant and is marked by a special initiation ceremony.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Advancement to Chief Petty Officer is especially significant and is marked by a special induction ceremony.^ Advancement to Chief Petty Officer is especially significant and is marked by a special initiation ceremony.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ File:CHIEF PETTY OFFICER.gif .
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Only officers and chief petty officers are authorized to wear service khaki; all other personnel must wear winter blue or summer white.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

.Enlisted members of pay grades E-4 and above are said to be "rated," meaning that they possess a rating, or occupational specialty.^ Unless otherwise provided in regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a court-martial sentence of an enlisted member in pay grade above E-1, as approved by the convening authority, that includes-- .
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ That commanders of corps and departments be and they are hereby authorized to detail field-officers as members of military courts, whenever any of the judges of said courts shall be disqualified, by consanguinity .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Members of grades E-1 to E-3 can become "strikers," meaning they have rating designations like Petty Officer (example: a BM3 is a Petty Officer Third Class rated as a Boatswain's Mate; BMSN is a Seaman designated as a Boatswain's Mate striker), but the striker is doing on the job training to become a rated petty officer rather than attending a school to become rated.^ Petty Officer 2nd Class .
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Petty Officer 1st Class .
  • Job Opportunities in the Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus when the first Negro DE complement was assembled early in 1944, the Negroes were put into the DE school at Norfolk side by side with whites, and the Negro petty officers were quartered with whites.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whether a designated striker or not, personnel in the pay grades of E-3 and below are all considered "Non-Rates."^ By the end of 1943 a more adequately balanced complement of rated and non-rated personnel had been worked out for "base companies", also.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enlisted members of pay grades E-4 and above are said to be "rated," meaning that they possess a rating , or occupational specialty.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ All time between the dismissal and the reappointment shall be considered as actual service for all purposes, including the right to pay and allowances.
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice - UCMJ 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Original source]

.There are more than 50 ratings covering a broad range of skills and subspecialties.^ There are more than 50 ratings covering a broad range of skills and subspecialties.
  • United States Navy - X-Files Wiki - David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC x-files.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Let there be no doubt: while we did not seek this fight, we are more than ready to finish it.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During this time there were never more than a few thousand U.S. troops involved in Vietnam.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example, SA SMITH, MARY, would be considered a Seaman Apprentice. Prior to her rank of SA a rating would be placed. .Therefore, her entire title would be ITSA SMITH, MARY. IT indicating that she is training to become an Information Systems Technician.^ David: “Eventually what we were told was the entire State Guard would receive this training.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As for ENFN THOMPSON, JOHN. EN specifying that he is training as Engineman and FN as Fireman.
Non-Commissioned Officer and Enlisted Rate Structure of the United States Navy
Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Fleet/Force Master Chief Petty Officer Command Master Chief Petty Officer Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer
E-9 E-8 E-7
MCPON collar.png
MCPON.png
MCPO collar.png
FMCPO.png
MCPO collar.png
CMCPO.png
MCPO collar.png
MCPO GC.png
SCPO collar.png
SCPO GC.png
CPO collar.png
CPO GC.png
Petty Officer First Class Petty Officer Second Class Petty Officer Third Class Seaman Seaman Apprentice Seaman Recruit
E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1
PO1 collar.png
PO1 NOGC.png
PO2 collar.png
PO2 NOGC.png
PO3 collar.png
PO3 NOGC.png
USN - Seaman.png
E3 SM USN.png
USN - Seaman Apprentice.png
E2 SM USN.png
No insignia

Uniforms and appearance

A Vice Admiral returns salute from enlisted sailors in dress uniform at a ceremony.
.The uniforms of the United States Navy are designed "to combine professionalism and naval heritage with versatility, safety, and comfort".[38] The Navy currently incorporates many different styles that are specific for a variety of uses and occasions.^ The rise of Nazism in the 1930s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi , to immigrate to the United States.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many PRC scientists were educated in the United States and retain valuable contacts in the U.S. research and business community who can be exploited for technology transfer .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The attacks on Tuesday were designed to bring chaos to the United States, but it has done just the opposite.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In most cases, distinctions are made to distinguish officers and enlisted men in their uniformed appearance.^ Officers not to employ enlisted men as servants.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Award: to officers and enlisted men of the armed forces of the United States who participated in the action in Korea between June 27, 1950, and July 27, 1954.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The major emphasis of his trips was on conversations with District and base commanding officers, and with Negro enlisted men.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.U.S. Navy uniforms can generally be divided into three categories: dress uniforms, service uniforms, and working uniforms.^ His service here and in the United States Navy of course, is an example for all of us in uniform, and we wish him and his family well in the days ahead and hope we can work again with him here in Congress.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ At this time the Navy does not have any substantial body of Negro men available or qualified for general service at sea.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes it is necessary to divide a quarter-note into three eighth-notes instead of just two and quite often an eighth-note is divided into three sixteenth-notes.
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Dress uniforms are worn during military-related formal occasions, such as ceremonies and other official functions.^ During the 1990s, no other part of the PRC's budget has increased at the rate of military spending.
    • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ These projects could advance the PRC's development of materials, such as composites, for military aircraft and other weapons.
    • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In my view, these qualities are the reason that our men and women in uniform enjoy the respect and high regard of other professional militaries around the world.
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Many types of dress uniforms are used in the Navy with the full range of formal requirements represented. .Service dress is the least formal dress uniform, full dress is one step higher in formality, and mess dress is the most formal dress available.
  • Service uniforms are designed for daily wear and are most often worn in office or classroom-type settings, as well as other occasions in which physical activity is at a minimum.^ Joint Service Achievement Medal was established by the Department of Defense on June 25, 1963, is awarded by the office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other Department of Defense agencies or joint activities reporting through the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ State courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as appeals from state systems.
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ C-note blasts can be used to designate type of operations (launching, recovery, respotting, or other) to be undertaken.
    • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [39] .The most visible distinction between officers and enlisted personnel are the color of the service uniform.^ Service, that there should be no large concentration of colored personnel at activities, and that to the contrary a policy of gradual assimilation should be followed throughout the establishment.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The most striking development regarding assignment of Negro personnel outside the continental United States affected their use in general service billets in the fleet.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Venereal disease among colored personnel presented a borderline case between education and discipline.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Only officers and chief petty officers are authorized to wear Service Khaki; all other personnel must wear one of the Winter Blue or Summer White (depending on the season), or the Navy Service Uniform (which will eventually replace Winter Blue and Summer White).^ If we are to learn one lesson from all this, then it must be .
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We must also think now about how to shape the world so that another terrorist network will not rise up to replace the one we will destroy.
    • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus when the first Negro DE complement was assembled early in 1944, the Negroes were put into the DE school at Norfolk side by side with whites, and the Negro petty officers were quartered with whites.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [40]
  • Working uniforms prioritize comfort and safety first and thus are the most utilitarian of the Navy uniforms. .They are intended for use in underway ships and in occasions that involve dirty, physical labor.^ As Skirmishers, March .—Routine—although this call is generally used in connection with maneuvering troops in the field, it is frequently used aboard ship as a call to deploy for physical drill.
    • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They had been very rough and were not intended for crowd control, but for use on North Korean invaders.
    • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They have used human shields on any number of occasions where they take prisoners and use them in the front as shields.
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    .Many working uniforms are variations of the service uniforms except with less formal requirements.^ Under the pressure for many more stewards at the outset of war, many men were put to such work in activities as soon as they could be gotten into uniform.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This category includes Navy coveralls, which are authorized to be worn by members of all ranks.
.Recently, the Navy completed a project named "Task Force Uniform" to streamline Navy uniforms.^ Power projection ("la projection") : This is a high-priority task of the French military typically involving land, air, and maritime forces, preferably in close co-operation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the changes are that enlisted personnel from Seaman Recruit to Petty Officer First Class (E1-E6) will have one year-round service uniform instead of winter blues and summer whites.^ Two years after the Treaty of Portsmouth, in December 1907, President Roosevelt sent 16 battleships – "The Great White Fleet" – on a round-the-world tour.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus when the first Negro DE complement was assembled early in 1944, the Negroes were put into the DE school at Norfolk side by side with whites, and the Negro petty officers were quartered with whites.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In view of this, it was believed unwise to bring in white Service personnel, whose presence would underline the local segregation practices by their application to men wearing the same uniform.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All personnel from Seaman Recruit to Admiral will also have new working uniforms dubbed Navy Working Uniform (NWU) to replace the wash khakis, coveralls, dungarees, and aviation working greens currently in use.^ Moreover, concentration of early contingents in a narrow range of activities was itself a severe limit on experiment in fitting the new personnel to the varied work of the Navy.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, work needs to be done on all-weather satellite reconnaissance, and cloud reconnaissance needs to be taken from the research stage to a system useful in USAF operations.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Dutch Navy personnel, working feverishly, assembled the bombers, no progress was made on the pursuits.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The uniform is a digital patterned camouflage in predominantly haze gray and blue hues.[41]
Grooming for both male and female sailors is regulated to a high degree, with exact standards in regards to hair, facial hair, use of cosmetics, and jewelry. .New male recruits are given the military crew cut and are prohibited from having hair longer than four inches (102 mm) while in the service.^ You are particularly to avoid even the appearance of using force or seduction, with a view to deprive such vessels of their crews or of their passengers, other than persons in the military service of the enemy.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He received his education at the cole Polytechnique, Paris, where men were recruited into the civil service or military.
  • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the PRC's public claims, it is estimated that their actual military spending is four to seven times greater than official figures.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Men are required to be clean shaven at all times, although mustaches are allowed.^ Aside from the handful of staff officers, all Negro officers or officer candidates came either from the ranks or from young men who had not the requirements for V-12 training.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sick Call .—Routine—sounded at times designated by the commanding officer as a signal for men requiring routine medical attention to report to sick bay.
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The decision to use force against any and all terrorists will require that many families in the district I represent will sacrifice time away from their loved ones.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Women do not have a hair length regulation, however hair cannot fall past the bottom edge of the uniform collar and the style of hair is strictly controlled.^ In the end, however, “one cannot become a military chaplain without ecclesiastical endorsement.” [80] The question then becomes: Is the ecclesiastical endorsement process controlled in any way by the U.S. military?
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nothing was done by the President, however, until the fall when instructions were received to initiate a program for the admission of Negro women in the Navy immediately.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uniform Regulations, Women's Reserve, United States Naval Reserve, 1943 .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

Multicolored hair, body piercing, and tattoos on the head, neck, and hands are banned for both sexes.[42]

Bases

Map of Navy bases in the United States.
.The size, complexity, and international presence of the United States Navy require a large number of navy installations to support its operations.^ The United States then lead the operation, called .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What military commitment will be required from the United States at the time of our victory and in the years to come?
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.While the majority of bases are located inside the United States itself, the Navy maintains a significant number of facilities abroad, either in U.S.-controlled territories or in foreign countries under a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA).^ United States makes foreign .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States, under heavy internal .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

Eastern United States

.The second largest concentration of installations is in Hampton Roads, Virginia, where the Navy occupies over 36,000 acres (146 km²) of land.^ Elsewhere, Japan occupied Korea, fought bloody land battles against the Russians in Manchuria, and finally triumphed over the Russian Navy at the Battle of Tsushima.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Located in Hampton Roads are NS Norfolk, homeport of the Atlantic Fleet, NAS Oceana, a Master Jet Base, Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, as well as a number of Navy and commercial shipyards that service Navy vessels.^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As good an example of a middle-of-the-road policy as there is in the records comes from the description, given at a FIFTH Naval district conference on the Negro problem, October 26, 1943, by Commanding Officer of the Section Base, Little Creek, Virginia.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naval Districts In contrast to the strong position against use of Negroes in the Fleet, the Bureau planned from the outset to assign colored personnel for service aboard vessels operating out of the Naval Districts.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state of Florida is the location of three major bases, Naval Station Mayport, the Navy's fourth largest, near Jacksonville, Florida, Naval Air Station Jacksonville, a Master Air Anti-submarine Warfare base, and Naval Air Station Pensacola, home of the Naval Education and Training Command, the Naval Air Technical Training Center that provides specialty training for enlisted aviation personnel, and the primary flight training base for Navy and Marine Corps Naval Flight Officers and enlisted Naval Aircrewmen.^ Increase the all-colored construction battalions from two to five; (b) Provide for 24 new construction battalions, all non-rated personnel to be colored; (c) Increase the numbers of colored crews in the harbor craft and local defense forces; (d) Create service companies at all ports of embarkation; (e) Increase the number of colored cooks and bakers in the commissary branch for shore establishments within the United States; (f) Increase the percentage of colored personnel at section bases, ammunition depots, net depots and naval air stations on this continent.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ July 2, 1941, SecNav created a committee, consisting of a Captain and Commander in the Navy, a Colonel in the Marine Corps, and a Special Assistant to Assistant SecNav, "for the purpose of investigating and reporting to SecNav the extent to which (sic) the enlisted personnel of the Navy and Marine Corps is representative of all United States Citizens, and in case there should be any evidence of discrimination because of race, creed, color or national origin, to suggest corrections."
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The main U.S. Navy submarine bases on the east coast are located in Groton, Connecticut and Kings Bay, Georgia.^ The Navy would be anxious to move its ships out of port to slip past lurking enemy submarines to the safety of bases in the central Pacific.
  • ‘How the United States Lost the Naval War of 2015' | The Best Defense 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC ricks.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, 100 marines were sent from the US Navy base at Subic Bay to protect the US Embassy in Manila.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naval Submarine Base, Kings Bay, GA .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.There are also naval bases in Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Brunswick, Maine.^ Naval Submarine Base, New London .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

[43] .Naval Station Great Lakes, north of Chicago, Illinois is the home of the navy's boot camp for enlisted sailors.^ The Negro camps at Great Lakes meantime continued the unofficial illiteracy training, the beginnings of which were remarked on earlier.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return to Reading Room List Return to Navy Department Library Naval Historical Center home page .
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Camp Robert Smalls, the first Negro recruit camp at the Great Lakes training station in World War II, was named for a Negro who rendered distinguished service to the Federal Navy in the Civil War.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Western United States and Hawaii

.The Navy's largest complex is China Lake, California, which covers 1.1 million acres (4500 km²) of land, or approximately 1/3 of the United States Navy's total land holdings.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under orders of President Monroe, United States forces landed and expelled a group of smugglers, adventurers, and freebooters.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The very idea of a Communist state taking over a land as obbsessively decadent and self-centred as the Hollywoodic California has no fans in either L.A. or Beijing.
  • The Coming Collapse of the United States – Neatorama 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

[43]
.Naval Base San Diego, California is principal home to the Pacific Fleet (although the headquarters is located in Pearl Harbor).^ December 7, 1941 - Japanese forces attack the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, CA .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.NAS North Island is located on the north side of Coronado, and is home to Headquarters for Naval Air Forces and Naval Air Force Pacific, the bulk of the Pacific Fleet's helicopter squadrons, and part of the West Coast aircraft carrier fleet.^ Initial landing of Japanese forces on the north coast of the island of Luzon.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the short term, two squadrons (36 combat aircraft) are to be cut from the force, while four large C 17 transport planes will be added.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japanese air raid on Ceram, an island off the west coast of New Guinea and north of Timor.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Naval Special Warfare Center is the primary training center for SEALs, and is also located on Coronado.^ If separate Negro schools were established, experience indicated the wisdom locating them at Naval training stations; and, at any rate, of not placing them on Negro campuses.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ D. Van Ness, USNR, Special Programs Unit, Oct 1943- ;       formerly in charge of Negro recruit training camps at Great Lakes Naval Training Center.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The training is always stressful and brutal in any of the military’s voluntary programs, Officer Candidate School (which this reviewer tried unsuccessfully), Airborne, Ranger or Special Forces, or SEALs.
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

.The other major collection of naval bases on the west coast is in Puget Sound, Washington.^ The others were based at a new airfield at Modjokerto, about 100 miles west of Malang (see map 4).
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The North Carolina Collection of the University of North Carolina Library also has other printed materials relating to the Naval Pre-flight School.
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marine Corps and Coast Guard); yard craft and other small craft employed in Naval District local defense forces; shore based units for other parts of District local defense forces; .
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among them, Naval Station Everett is one of the newer bases and the Navy states that it is its most modern facility.^ [McVeigh] said, 'Well, your honour, I will base my case on Justice Brandeis, one of our most brilliant jurists, in his opinion in Olmstead.
  • Gore Vidal's United States of fury - Americas, World - The Independent 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And the result has been one of the most prolonged and brutal military occupations of modern times."
  • Israel's military power hasn't improved its strategic position and friends of the Jewish state must point out its mistakes--beginning with Gaza - By Stephen M. Walt | Stephen M. Walt 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC walt.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

[44] .NAS Fallon, Nevada serves as the primary training ground for Navy Strike aircrews, and is home to the Naval Strike Air Warfare Center.^ Bureau policy on this point was strongly reemphasized in a letter from the Chief of Naval Personnel to the Naval Districts and the various air training commands, 26 September 1944.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This criterion fits most naval and air units as well as up to 6 active brigades (5 Army brigades and 1 amphibious Army/Navy brigade, which are considered "deployable", though not all at once).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return to Reading Room List Return to Navy Department Library Naval Historical Center home page .
  • Manual For Buglers, US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Master Jet Bases are also located at NAS Lemoore, California and NAS Whidbey Island, Washington, while the carrier-based airborne early warning aircraft community and major air test activities are located at NAS Point Mugu, California.^ Since the early 20th century, the U.S. film industry has largely been based in and around Hollywood, California .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the candidates for the carrier-based aircraft is the American Joint Strike Fighter (CTOL/STOL).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States followed up this statement by dispatching an aircraft carrier to the waters off the Korean coast and sent airborne warning and control aircraft to the region.
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The naval presence in Hawaii is centered on Pearl Harbor Naval Base, which hosts the headquarters of the Pacific Fleet and many of its subordinate commands.^ December 7, 1941 - Japanese forces attack the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If these estimates hold true, they would amount to twice as many casualties as those suffered in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After the attacks of this week, many Americans recalled Pearl Harbor.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[43]

United States territories

.Guam, an island strategically located in the Western Pacific Ocean, maintains a sizable U.S. Navy presence, including Naval Base Guam.^ The United States also possesses five major overseas territories: Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; and American Samoa , Guam , and the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ T he PRC has benefitted from advanced U.S. and Western military technology in several areas, including ground force weapons, communications, remote sensing, and tactical and strategic systems.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Excluding the strategic submarines, but including other vessels (such as for minesweeping and for transporting/delivering naval infantry), there were about 100 ships.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The westernmost U.S. territory, it contains a natural deep water harbor capable of harboring even aircraft carriers in emergencies.^ The United States followed up this statement by dispatching an aircraft carrier to the waters off the Korean coast and sent airborne warning and control aircraft to the region.
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

[45] .Its naval air station was deactivated[46] in 1995 and its flight activities transferred to nearby Andersen Air Force Base.^ In March a naval guard was stationed at American consulate at Nanking after Nationalist forces captured the city.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nonetheless, planners assume that no more than 40 percent of Germany's naval and naval air forces could be used for power projection at any given time.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This led the U.S. to warn the North against provocations and, in coordination with Korean authorities, to deploy air and naval forces to give substance and credibility to that warning.
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Puerto Rico in the Caribbean formerly housed Roosevelt Roads Naval Station, which was shut down in 2004 shortly after the controversial closure of the live ordnance training area on nearby Vieques Island.^ The United States also possesses five major overseas territories: Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; and American Samoa , Guam , and the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If separate Negro schools were established, experience indicated the wisdom locating them at Naval training stations; and, at any rate, of not placing them on Negro campuses.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The colored Waves would be detailed in units suitable for separate housing, and to activities where Negro seamen were detailed and to the larger Naval Air Stations.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]

Foreign countries

.The largest overseas base is in Yokosuka, Japan,[47] which serves as the homeport for the Navy's largest forward-deployed fleet and is a significant base of operations in the Western Pacific.^ Why does the Navy base a carrier in Japan (the USS George Washington) within in striking distance of Chinese, Russian, and North Korean ballistic missiles?
  • ‘How the United States Lost the Naval War of 2015' | The Best Defense 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC ricks.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Outside of the United States, the military operates 865 bases and facilities, 47 with personnel deployed to more than 150 countries.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Navy would be anxious to move its ships out of port to slip past lurking enemy submarines to the safety of bases in the central Pacific.
  • ‘How the United States Lost the Naval War of 2015' | The Best Defense 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC ricks.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

.European operations revolve around facilities in Italy (Sigonella and Naples), Spain and Greece with Naples as the homeport for the Sixth Fleet and CNRE Command Naval Region Europe, which are based in Gaeta.^ Equipment: current status and intended procurement The French forces currently possess a satellite communications capability and an upgrade is planned -- either in co-operation with European partners (Eumilsatcom with Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Italy) or as a national venture.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He added that US forces were conducting maritime interception operations in the Central and European Command areas to combat movement, arming or financing of "international terrorists."
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.In the Middle East, naval facilities are located almost exclusively in countries bordering the Persian Gulf, with Manama, Bahrain serving as the headquarters of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command and U.S. Fifth Fleet.^ The President reported that various U.S. “combat-equipped and combat-support forces” were deployed to “a number of locations in the Central, Pacific, European, and Southern Command areas of operation” and were engaged in combat operations against al-Qaida terrorists and their supporters.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On April 16, 1986, President Reagan reported that US air and naval forces had conducted bombing strikes on terrorist facilities and military installations in Libya.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country accounts for two-fifths of global military spending and is a leading economic, political, and cultural force in the world.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Guantánamo Bay in Cuba is the oldest overseas facility and has become known in recent years as the location of a detention camp for suspected al-Qaeda operatives.^ In late 2001, U.S. forces led an invasion of Afghanistan , removing the Taliban government and al-Qaeda training camps.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US was also conducting "maritime interception operations...to locate and detain suspected al-Qaeda or Taliban leadership fleeing Afghanistan by sea."
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48]

Equipment

Ships

.The names of commissioned ships of the U.S. Navy are prefixed with the letters "USS," designating "United States Ship".[49] Non-commissioned, civilian-manned vessels of the Navy have names that begin with "USNS," standing for "United States Naval Ship" The names of ships are officially selected by the Secretary of the Navy, often to honor important people or places.^ United States placed .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The medal is often called the Congressional Medal of Honor as it is awarded by the Department of Defense "in the name of Congress," although the official and correct title is Medal of Honor.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the French perspective, the United States has often seemed to be a random factor in world politics.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, each ship is given a letter-based hull classification symbol (for example, CVN or DDG) to indicate the vessel's type and number.^ In the early months of the program, priority was given to a few relatively large types of uses for Negro personnel, notably NAD's and "base companies."
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bureau's letter set the number of colored personnel to be so assigned at a maximum of 10% of the ships enlisted complement.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That before any commission or letters of marque and reprisal shall be issued as aforesaid, the owner or owners of the ship or vessel for which the same shall be requested, and the commander thereof .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.All ships in the Navy inventory are placed in the Naval Vessel Register, which tracks data such as the current status of a ship, the date of its commissioning, and the date of its decommissioning.^ Date of commissions of such officers.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Officers having brevets or commissions of a prior date to those of the corps in which they serve, will take place on courts-martial or of inquiry, and on boards detailed for .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Vessels that are removed from the register prior to disposal are said to be stricken from the register. The Navy also maintains a reserve fleet of inactive vessels that are maintained for reactivation in times of need.
.The U.S. Navy was one of the first to install nuclear reactors aboard naval vessels;[50] today, nuclear energy powers all of U.S. active aircraft carriers and submarines.^ This criterion fits most naval and air units as well as up to 6 active brigades (5 Army brigades and 1 amphibious Army/Navy brigade, which are considered "deployable", though not all at once).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It could also imply a closer cooperation in the routine operation of some elements of their armed services: one possibility would be the joint building and operation of an aircraft carrier.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remainder was supplied by nuclear power and renewable energy sources.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the case of the Nimitz-class carrier, two naval reactors give the ship almost unlimited range and provide enough electrical energy to power a city of 100,000 people.^ We had 5- or 6,000 people at Salt Lake City for the Olympics.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Excluding the strategic submarines, but including other vessels (such as for minesweeping and for transporting/delivering naval infantry), there were about 100 ships.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .The U.S. Navy previously operated nuclear-powered cruisers and destroyers, but all have been decommissioned.^ Units of the Japanese Imperial Navy sank two Allied cruisers – USS Houston and HMS Perth – and three destroyers while suffering the loss of one destroyer.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US Navy rule-of-thumb is that five carriers are needed to keep one routinely "on station" (that is, deployed in its area of operation) at all times.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The U.S. Navy has identified a need for 313 combat ships, but under the current plans will only be able to afford 243 to 232.[52]

Aircraft carriers

.Due to their ability to put most nations within striking distance of U.S. air power, aircraft carriers are the cornerstones of the United States' forward deployment and deterrence strategy.^ United States super power status dictates that peacekeeping deployments .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States war fighting ability.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States and other major powers .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

[53] Multiple carriers are deployed around the world to provide military presence, respond quickly to crises, and participate in joint exercises with allied forces;[54] this has led the Navy to refer to their Nimitz-class carriers as "4.5 acres of sovereign and mobile American territory".[55] Former President Bill Clinton summed up the importance of the aircraft carrier by stating that "when word of crisis breaks out in Washington, it's no accident the first question that comes to everyone's lips is: where is the nearest carrier?"[56] The power and operational flexibility of a carrier lie in the aircraft of its carrier air wing. .Made up of both fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft, a carrier air wing is able to perform over 150 strike missions at once, hitting over 700 targets a day.^ The USAFF history summed it up, "In January 1942 its [the Dutch Air Force's] approximately 150 planes were all of ancient make."
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every day saw the DAF, the RAF, and the USAAF launch aircraft against the Japanese, who, in turn, hit Allied air fields on almost a daily basis.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This striking medal was designed by the Institute of Heraldry, on the obverse it has an inverted triangle on top of a delta-swept wing like object, both representing supersonic aircraft.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .Carrier air wings also protect friendly forces, conduct electronic warfare, assist in special operations, and carry out search and rescue missions.^ The existence of the Korean Special Warfare forces does not violate the treaty, nor its "spirit."
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the reason that the Korean Special Forces do not come under the operational control of the CFC? .
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Improving our air defenses The primary mission of our air defenses is to help protect SAC, principally by providing it usable warning.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.The carriers themselves, in addition to enabling airborne operations, serve as command platforms for large battle groups or multinational task forces.^ Commander Submarine Group 7 - Commander Task Force 54 - Commander Task Force 74 .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Central to the RMA vision of the future is the view that traditional weapon platforms and large force concentrations will become increasingly vulnerable as smart weaponry spreads.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Power projection ("la projection") : This is a high-priority task of the French military typically involving land, air, and maritime forces, preferably in close co-operation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.U.S. Navy aircraft carriers can also host aircraft from other nations' navies; the French Navy's Rafale has operated, during naval exercises, from U.S. Navy flight decks.^ The Navy's principal package for power projection is said to be its carrier group accompanied by other elements, according to the situation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other, more recent instances often involve deployment of US military forces as part of a multinational operation associated with NATO or the United Nations.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58]
.A carrier is typically deployed along with a host of additional vessels, forming a carrier battle group.^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The supporting ships, which usually include three or four Aegis-equipped cruisers and destroyers, a frigate, and two attack submarines, are tasked with protecting the carrier from air, missile, sea, and undersea threats as well as providing additional strike capabilities themselves.^ The most notable of these include the purchase from Russia of 50 Sukhoi Su-27 jet fighters and the production rights for 200 more, two Kilo attack submarines, and two Sovremenniy missile destroyers.19 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Navy In 1998/99 the maritime forces of the French Republic comprised: 4 strategic nuclear submarines, 8 attack submarines (6 with nuclear propulsion, 2 conventional), and 41 principal surface combatants, including: 1 conventional aircraft carrier (27,000 ts), 1 cruiser (training), 4 destroyers (4,000 - 5,300 ts), 15 frigates (3,000 - 4,500 ts), and 16 corvettes (1,100 ts).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Navy Present composition 4 strategic submarines (nuclear powered with 16 Trident missiles each); 12 attack submarines (5,000 ts, nuclear powered, some with anti-ship guided missiles, 1 with cruise missiles); 3 small (17,000 ts) carriers for V/STOL aircraft ( 7 - 8 Sea Harriers each); 35 other principal combatants: 12 destroyers and 23 frigates (all with missiles and helicopters; displacements between 3,500 and 4,300 ts); 18 vessels for mine countermeasures; 7 amphibious craft (medium-sized); and Royal Marines: 1 amphibious brigade (oversized, jointly manned and operated with the Army).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ready logistics support for the group is provided by a combined ammunition, oiler, and supply ship.^ An additional 60 US military personnel are deployed to Hungary and Croatia to provide logistical and other support.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 500 others were based in Hungary, Croatia, and Italy, providing logistical and other support.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States sent three military transport aircraft with crews to provide the Congo central government with logistical support during a revolt.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Amphibious warfare vessels

.Amphibious assault ships are the centerpieces of US amphibious warfare and fulfill the same power projection role as aircraft carriers except that their striking force comprises land forces instead of aircraft.^ US forces built a fort on the island of Nukahiva to protect three prize ships which had been captured from the British.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US forces landed to protect American interests during an insurrection.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There seems to be an understanding that, in an age of increasingly frequent military interventions, substantial power projection requires a solid foundation in ground forces.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They deliver, command, coordinate, and fully support all elements of a 2200-strong Marine Expeditionary Unit in an amphibious assault using both air and amphibious vehicles.^ GALLEGLY. Mr. Speaker, I rise in strong support of this resolution granting authority to the President to use force to respond to the attack on the United States on September 11, 2001.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I fully support this resolution and urge the President to use any and all means necessary against those nations, organizations, and persons who committed or participated in these heinous acts.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Resembling small aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships are capable of V/STOL, STOVL, VTOL, tiltrotor, and rotary wing aircraft operations.^ It could also imply a closer cooperation in the routine operation of some elements of their armed services: one possibility would be the joint building and operation of an aircraft carrier.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most U.S. bomber operations were flown with about a half dozen aircraft, some with only a single aircraft able to reach and bomb the target, mostly against shipping.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They also contain a well deck to support the use of Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) and other amphibious assault watercraft.^ On the other hand, even if the enemy attack is well planned, they can significantly reduce the damage.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In some cases, the use of nuclear weapons raised problems with our allies and with public opinion in the United States as well as in allied and other countries.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Even the token use of land-based air power undoubtedly helped to sustain the morale of one and all."
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Recently, amphibious assault ships have begun to be deployed as the core of an expeditionary strike group, which usually consists of an additional amphibious transport dock and dock landing ship for amphibious warfare and an Aegis-equipped cruiser and destroyer, frigate, and attack submarine for group defense.^ Watson summarizes the bombers' actions as 60 missions consisting of over 300 sorties, in which bomber crews claimed to have sunk one destroyer, eight transports, and two unidentified ships and to have shot down 23 Japanese aircraft.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japanese lose 4 transports, probably to torpedoes fired by Japanese destroyers at Allied cruisers.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the frustration of bad-weather flying, mechanical problems, and determined defenses, the U.S. bomber crews were often exhausted from being ordered to take off and cruise in circles to avoid expected Japanese attacks on their bases.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Amphibious assault ships are typically named after World War II aircraft carriers.^ The United States confronted this very same decision at the close of World War II, that is, the struggle for justice in the face of tyranny.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon represent perhaps more a conspiracy of hatred than a traditionally understood act of war.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Except for the use of "Zero" for the Mitsubishi A6M fighter, I employ the manufacturer's name and designation – Mitsubishi C5M – or the manufacturer's designation – C5M – or the name applied to that aircraft – Babs – later in the war to identify Japanese aircraft.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Amphibious transport docks are warships that embark, transport, and land Marines, supplies, and equipment in a supporting role during amphibious warfare missions.^ Marine Amphibious Landing in Korea, 1871 .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

^ Marines were landed to protect Americans and other foreigners in Shanghai during Chinese factional hostilities.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between April 1922 and November 1923 marines were landed five times to protect Americans during periods of unrest.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With a landing platform, amphibious transport docks also have the capability to serve as secondary aviation support for an expeditionary group.^ There will be two major groupings: 1 carrier force and one for amphibious landings.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The guideline goal that French planners have in mind for the ground forces ( including the Foreign Legion and troops specialized for amphibious landings) is a capability: .
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Amphibious Transport Dock .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.All amphibious transport docks can operate helicopters, LCACs, and other conventional amphibious vehicles while the newer San Antonio class of ships has been explicitly designed to operate all three elements of the Marines' "mobility triad": Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles (EFVs), the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, and the previously mentioned LCACs.^ The President further noted that he had authorized deployment of the amphibious ship USS Belleau Wood , together with its helicopters and her complement of personnel from the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU SOC) to the East Timor region, to provide helicopter airlift and search and rescue support to the multinational operation.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In short, we need all three: an improved conventional capability, and the ability to fight both all-out and limited nuclear conflicts.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To my mind, there is little difference between the number of claims mentioned by Watson – one destroyer, eight transports, and two unidentified ships – and the number post-war analysis credited to "all army aircraft."
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Amphibious transport docks are named for cities, except for USS Mesa Verde (LPD-19), named for Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, and two of the three ships named in memory of the September 11, 2001 attacks: USS New York (LPD-21), for the state of New York, and USS Somerset (LPD-25) for Somerset County, Pennsylvania.^ USS Mesa Verde LPD 19 .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The headline proudly declared: “Chaplains making a difference in D.C.” Following September 11’s terrorist attack on the Pentagon, an Assemblies of God article began: .
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Units of the Japanese Imperial Navy sank two Allied cruisers – USS Houston and HMS Perth – and three destroyers while suffering the loss of one destroyer.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The dock landing ship is a medium amphibious transport that is designed specifically to support and operate Landing Craft Air Cushions (LCACs), though it is able to operate other amphibious assault vehicles in the United States inventory as well.^ United States as the hegemon, any other alternative .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States then lead the operation, called .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States and other major powers .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.Dock landing ships are normally deployed as a component of an expeditionary strike group's amphibious assault contingent, operating as a secondary launch platform for LCACs.^ The President further noted that he had authorized deployment of the amphibious ship USS Belleau Wood , together with its helicopters and her complement of personnel from the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU SOC) to the East Timor region, to provide helicopter airlift and search and rescue support to the multinational operation.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There will be two major groupings: 1 carrier force and one for amphibious landings.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One half of the Army formations and the majority of the Luftwaffe contingents earmarked for crisis reaction are well suited for strike missions and (counter) offensive operations.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All dock landing ships are named after locations in the United States.^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under orders of President Monroe, United States forces landed and expelled a group of smugglers, adventurers, and freebooters.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is only presented by the President and is awarded in the name of Congress of the United States.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Surface vessels

.Cruisers are large surface combat vessels that conduct anti-air/anti-missile warfare, surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, and strike operations independently or as members of a larger task force.^ In the short term, two squadrons (36 combat aircraft) are to be cut from the force, while four large C 17 transport planes will be added.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Army was relatively larger (with 63 percent), whereas the Air Force (20 percent) and Navy (14 percent) had less weight in the overall array.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Modern guided missile cruisers were developed out of a need to counter the anti-ship missile threat facing the United States Navy.^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infant mortality rate of 6.37 per thousand likewise places the United States 42nd out of 221 countries, behind all of Western Europe.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Science and Technology offices in the PRC's seven diplomatic agencies in the United States carry out a substantial portion of technology acquisition taskings.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This led to the development of the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar and the Standard Missile 2 with the Aegis combat system coordinating the two.^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Aegis Combat System," United States Navy Fact File.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ticonderoga-class cruisers became the first to equip Aegis and were put to use primarily as anti-air and anti-missile defense in a battle force protection role.^ The air defense forces.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ It will be apparent from this description that we believe the Air Force will continue to play the major role in the U.S. posture for general war.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Congress and several Executive agencies have also investigated allegations that Israel has provided U.S.-origin cruise, air-to-air, and ground-to-air missile technology to the PRC.55 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later developments of vertical launch systems and the Tomahawk missile gave cruisers additional long-range land and sea strike capability, making them capable of both offensive and defensive battle operations.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The retirement of its land-based systems corresponds to both the dramatic reduction in the European landward threat and the increased accuracy of sea-based systems, which now can provide in one package the qualities of accuracy, relative invulnerability, stealth, and strategic mobility.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And various projected U.S. systems of fixed missile launching sites and bomber bases, both hard and soft, have been matched against an expanded Russian ICBM program.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.All cruisers since CG-47 have been named for famous battles with USS Thomas S. Gates (CG-51) as the only exception.^ Since the armed forces of the United Kingdom tend to introduce conscription only in times of major wars, all recruitment is based on the principle of voluntariness.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USS Ticonderoga (CG-47) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Previously, cruisers were either named for cities (until CG-12), former important navy figures (CG-15 to CG-35), or states (CGN-36 to CGN-41).^ The current name was finalized on November 15, 1777, when the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation , which states, "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America.'"
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2004, private insurance paid for 36% of personal health expenditures, private out-of-pocket payments covered 15%, and federal, state, and local governments paid for 44%.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Contributed by Bill Faith on August 15, 2007 at 12:03 AM in Afghanistan , Books , George Mellinger , The American Warrior , US Navy .
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

.Destroyers are multi-mission medium surface ships capable of sustained performance in anti-air, anti-submarine, anti-ship, and offensive strike operations.^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specifically, a service member must meet the following criteria: Complete an aggregate three years of sustained professional performance as a member of U.S. Air Force combat or mission-ready units subject to combat readiness reporting.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bulk of the bluewater surface fleet will consist of frigates (carrying helicopters armed with ship-to-ship and air-defense missiles).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like cruisers, the guided missile destroyers of the Navy are primarily focused on surface strikes using Tomahawk missiles and fleet defense through Aegis and the Standard missile.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most striking development regarding assignment of Negro personnel outside the continental United States affected their use in general service billets in the fleet.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bulk of the bluewater surface fleet will consist of frigates (carrying helicopters armed with ship-to-ship and air-defense missiles).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Destroyers additionally specialize in anti-submarine warfare and are equipped with VLA rockets and LAMPS Mk III Sea Hawk helicopters to deal with underwater threats.^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron Light FOUR FOUR (HSL-44) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron TEN (HS-10) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron SEVEN (HS-7) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.When deployed with a carrier strike group or expeditionary strike group, destroyers and their fellow Aegis-equipped cruisers are primarily tasked with defending the fleet while providing secondary strike capabilities.^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course, in emergencies (such as the Gulf War), the US Navy has been able to operationally deploy almost 50 percent of its carrier fleet.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's eleven active aircraft carriers, and Marine Expeditionary Units at sea with the Navy's Atlantic and Pacific fleets .
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Destroyers have been named for important navy personnel and heroes since the USS Bainbridge (DD-1).
.Modern U.S. frigates mainly perform anti-submarine warfare for carrier strike groups and amphibious expeditionary groups and provide armed escort for supply convoys and merchant shipping.^ The anti-war group carried signs saying "U.S. Out of Iraq Now," "Stop Iraq War, No Iran War, Impeach" and "Illegal Combat."
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

^ Entrance of the United States into the war was precipitated by Germany's submarine warfare against neutral shipping.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a member of the Armed Service Committee, I along with my committee colleagues will perform our duty in providing U.S. Armed Forces the necessary resources to deter and defeat the threat of terrorism.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They are designed to protect friendly ships against hostile submarines in low to medium threat environments, using torpedoes and LAMPS helicopters.^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And in authorizing the President this power, we must ensure that we protect innocent people and nations and that we, as a Nation, do not use this authority to go back in time against innocent Americans.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though the A-24 had been inadequately tested, it gave promise of effective use against shipping targets.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Independently, frigates are able to conduct counterdrug missions and other maritime interception operations.^ He added that US forces were conducting maritime interception operations in the Central and European Command areas to combat movement, arming or financing of "international terrorists."
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US was also conducting "maritime interception operations...to locate and detain suspected al-Qaeda or Taliban leadership fleeing Afghanistan by sea."
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The U.S. Navy expects to retire and replace its current class of frigates by 2020.[59] As in the case of destroyers, frigates are named after naval heroes.^ The latter two measures are to a large extent compensated for by the decision to phase out and not replace 3 units of the destroyer/frigate fleet.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All U.S. battleships have been decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.^ Tonkin, after all, involved an unconfirmed rifle attack from a wooden boat against a U.S. naval vessel in a combat zone off the shores of Vietnam.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Naval Vessel Register .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.Designed to engage other capital ships in open sea warfare, battleships were the Navy's largest and most important vessels until the mid-20th century.^ The sunburst design is one of the most striking examples of the medalist's art and is a radical departure from the designs used in the Distinguished Service Medals of the other services.
  • Vietnam Security Police Association, Inc. (USAF): TOC, United States Air Force Ribbons. 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.vspa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Excluding the strategic submarines, but including other vessels (such as for minesweeping and for transporting/delivering naval infantry), there were about 100 ships.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The rise of aircraft carriers in World War II led to the declining importance of battleships and the Navy relegated them to the roles of fire support and escort.^ Secretary, you made a reference to the Second World War, what led up to it, a, regarding Pearl Harbor, b, regarding the rise of Adolf Hitler.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I think we have to expect our armed forces, much like they did in World War II, steel themselves for the long haul.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The raid, however, had its roots in the mind of Navy Captain Francis Low, who early in the war predicted that, under the right conditions, twin-engined Army bombers could be successfully launched from an aircraft carrier.
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

.Following a long period of inactivity, the Iowa-class battleships were recommissioned in the 1980s to augment the Navy's size and were upgraded with Tomahawk cruise missile capability.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The general Navy policy of handling venereal disease cases as medical and not disciplinary problems, so long as they were reported, was followed.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In any case, when the size of the Navy was curtailed in consequence of the disarmament movement following World War I, enlistment of Negroes seems to have been discontinued by BuNav.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were decommissioned for the final time in the early 1990s due in part to their high maintenance costs and the Cold War's end.^ During the early part of the Cold War, US .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The cold war had ended.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ February 1, 1992 - The United States and Russia sign a treaty officially ending the Cold War.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

All battleships except USS Kearsarge (BB-5) were named for states.

Submarines

.The primary missions of submarines in the U.S. Navy are peacetime engagement, surveillance and intelligence, special operations, precision strikes, battlegroup operations, and control of the seas.^ What is the reason that the Korean Special Forces do not come under the operational control of the CFC? .
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Parameters [May 08] Methodology for Improving the Planning, Execution, and Assessment of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Operations Sherill Lingel, et al.
  • MiPAL: National Security Strategy 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC merln.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It would also be intervention- capable, but less dependent on strike elements and more on formations dedicated to control and protection missions.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .The U.S. Navy operates two types: ballistic submarines and attack submarines.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the 17 Curtiss Wright CW-21s that were operational when Japan opened attacks on their bases on February 3, 1942, five remained two days later.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ballistic submarines have only one mission: to carry and launch the nuclear Trident missile.^ For example, it might be used for airborne early warning or as a platform for infrared-detection equipment to detect ballistic missiles in the launch phase.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His regime invaded two of its neighbors and launched ballistic missiles at four of its neighbors.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Even a moving platform that launches ballistic missiles in sequence against an urban target system is subject to countermeasures.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.Attack submarines have several tactical missions, including sinking ships and other subs, launching cruise missiles, gathering intelligence, and assisting in special operations.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congress and several Executive agencies have also investigated allegations that Israel has provided U.S.-origin cruise, air-to-air, and ground-to-air missile technology to the PRC.55 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our ground forces have improved and have more accurate long-range weapons with the improved Army Tactical Missile System and a faster Multiple Launch Rocket System.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Earlier attack submarines (such as the Los Angeles class) are typically named for cities while Ohio class and later attack submarines are typically named for states. .Attack submarines prior to the Los Angeles class were named for "denizens of the deep", while pre-Ohio class ballistic missile submarines were named for "famous Americans" (including foreigners with notable connections to the United States).^ United States makes foreign .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ STARK. Mr. Speaker, in the aftermath of the recent terrorist attacks on the United States, Americans have responded to the cries of their fellow citizens.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The rise of Nazism in the 1930s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi , to immigrate to the United States.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Ohio class ballistic missile submarines (18 in commission, with 4 converted into guided missile submarines)
  • Los Angeles class attack submarines (45 in commission, 17 decommissioned)
  • Seawolf class attack submarines (3 in commission)
  • Virginia class attack submarines (5 in commission, 4 under construction or ordered, at least nine more planned)

Historically significant vessels

The U.S. Navy has operated a number of vessels important to both United States and world naval history:
.
  • USS Constitution, nicknamed "Old Ironsides," is the only surviving vessel of the original six frigates authorized by Congress in the Naval Act of 1794, which established the United States Navy.^ United States vessels in ports of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ United States should act as the balance in .
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ March 27, 1794 - The United States Navy is established.
    • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It served with distinction in the War of 1812 and is currently docked in Charlestown, Massachusetts, as the oldest commissioned warship afloat.
  • USS Monitor and CSS Virginia are together known for participating in the first engagement between two steam-powered ironclads, known as the Battle of Hampton Roads.^ Surgeons          Surgeons .--Every surgeon on duty at sea, for the first five years after the date of his commission as surgeon, two thousand two hundred dollars.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Every commander on other duty, for the first five years after the date of his commission, two thousand six hundred and sixty-two dollars.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Many new immigrants, especially to the South , were indentured servants —some two-thirds of all Virginia immigrants between 1630 and 1680.
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Monitor was the first ironclad built by the U.S. Navy and its design introduced the rotating gun turret to naval warfare.
  • USS Alligator was the first submarine built by the U.S. Navy.^ Washington Navy Yard: History of the Naval Gun Factory, 1883-1939 .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    The submarine sank in 1863 while being towed during a storm and never saw combat. .Though not technically a U.S. Navy vessel, H.L. Hunley (from the same war and era) was the first successful combat submarine.
  • USS Maine (ACR-1)In January 1898, the Maine was sent from Key West, Florida, to Havana, Cuba, to protect U.S. interests during a time of local insurrection and civil disturbances.^ US forces landed to protect American interests during an insurrection.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ US forces were landed to protect American interests during the civil war in Japan.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A guard of Marines was sent to protect the American legation in Seoul during the Russo-Japanese War.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Three weeks later, on February 15 at 9:40 p.m., an explosion on board the Maine occurred in the Havana Harbor.^ The war followed a Cuban insurrection against Spanish rule and the sinking of the USS Maine in the harbor at Havana.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A similar incident occurred a week later at San Diego.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Three days later, seven pilots boarded a twin-engined Philippine Airlines Beechcraft 18 to begin the island-hopping flight to Australia.
    • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The explosion was a precipitating cause of the Spanish-American War that began in April 1898.
  • USS Arizona (BB-39) was a Pennsylvania class battleship, best known for her cataclysmic and dramatic sinking, with the loss of 1,177 lives, during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the event that brought about U.S. involvement in World War II. The USS Arizona Memorial is constructed over the shattered hull, which still contains the remains of most of the crew.^ USS Pearl Harbor (LSD-52) .
    • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
    • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ December 7, 1941 - Japanese forces attack the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
    • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We saw in the Spanish-American War we had the wrong cause for the wrong war.
    • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It is commonly—but incorrectly—believed that Arizona remains perpetually in commission, likely due to the fact that naval vessels entering Pearl Harbor render honors to the remains of the vessel.
  • USS Enterprise (CV-6), a Yorktown-class aircraft carrier, was the most decorated U.S. warship in World War II, earning 20 of 22 possible battle stars.^ USS Pearl Harbor (LSD-52) .
    • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
    • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ USS YORKTOWN CVS-10 4".
    • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]
    • Military Patches of the United States Armed Forces 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.totalnavy.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mauldin was famous for his cartoons of Willie and Joe in World War II. "Like everyone else who raises a storm about racial problems in America, I took my share of cracks at the Negro situation in the South.
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    .She was the only ship outside of the British Royal Navy to earn the Admiralty Pennant, the highest award of the British, in the more than 400 years since its creation.
  • USS Missouri (BB-63) an Iowa class battleship was the site of the surrender of the Empire of Japan which ended World War II. She was also the last battleship built by the United States.^ September 2, 1945 - Japan unconditionally surrenders to the United States, ending World War II. The Cold War .
    • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Japan surrendered on September 2, ending the war.
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ United States war fighting ability.
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In 1955, she was decommissioned and assigned to the inactive reserve fleet (the "Mothball Fleet"), but reactivated and modernized in 1984 as part of the 600-ship Navy plan, and fought in the 1991 Gulf War.^ The principal British contribution to the Gulf War was a strong component of Tornados (heavy fighter bombers), a large part of their navy, and a beefed-up armored division (taken from NATO's central front in Northern Germany).
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Of course, in emergencies (such as the Gulf War), the US Navy has been able to operationally deploy almost 50 percent of its carrier fleet.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When World War II opened there were on active duty in the Navy, in other than the messman branch, six rated Negroes of the regular Navy, 23 rated men who had returned from retirement to service in the regular Navy and 14 rated men of the Fleet Reserve.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Decommissioned in 1995, she was the last actively serving battleship in the world. .She was donated to the USS Missouri Memorial Association in 1998 and became a museum ship at Pearl Harbor, moored facing the USS Arizona.
  • USS Nautilus (SSN-571), a submarine commissioned in 1954, was the world's first nuclear-powered ship.^ USS Pearl Harbor (LSD-52) .
    • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
    • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ It emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council .
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We faced dark days when our Nation was torn asunder in the Civil War, and we came together after that war between the States to become the savior of Europe in the First World War.
    • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It demonstrated its capabilities by traveling 62,562 miles (100,684 km), more than half of which was submerged, in two years before having to refuel while breaking the record for longest submerged voyage, as well as being the first submarine to transit submerged under the North Pole in 1958.[61]
  • USS Liberty (AGTR-5), was a neutral United States Navy technical research ship, attacked by Israeli jet fighter planes and motor torpedo boats on June 8, 1967, during the Six-Day War while in international waters off the Sinai Peninsula.
  • USS Skate (SSN-578), a nuclear-powered submarine commissioned in 1957, was the first ship to physically reach the North Pole when she surfaced there in 1958.
  • USS Triton (SSRN-586), a nuclear-powered submarine commissioned in 1959, made the first submerged circumnavigation of the world during its shakedown cruise in 1960, as well as being the only non-Soviet submarine to be powered by two nuclear reactors.
  • USS George Washington (SSBN-598), commissioned in 1959, first ever ballistic missile submarine.
  • USS Long Beach (CGN-9), was the first nuclear-powered surface warship in the world when she was commissioned in 1961 and signaled a new era of United States naval weaponry by being the first large ship in the Navy to have guided missiles as its main battery.
  • USS Enterprise (CVN-65) was the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier when she was commissioned in 1961.
  • USS Pueblo (AGER-2) was boarded and seized by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) on 23 January 1968 and is still under Korean control.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ USS Maine (SSBN 741) .
    • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Whether the United States or the People's Republic of China is larger is disputed .
    • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The ship remains in commission to this day.
  • USS Stark (FFG-31) The ship was struck on May 17, 1987, by two Exocet antiship missiles fired from an Iraqi Mirage F1 fighter during the Iran–Iraq War becoming the victim of the only successful anti-ship missile attack on a U.S. Navy warship.
  • USS Vincennes (CG-49) USS Vincennes (CG-49) is a U.S. Navy Ticonderoga class AEGIS guided missile cruiser.^ Navy equipment and procurement Two new attack submarines are to be built as a replacement for old ones and more of the attack submarine fleet shall be made capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On January 21, 1993, shortly after his inauguration, President Clinton said the United States would continue the Bush policy on Iraq, and US aircraft fired at targets in Iraq after pilots sensed Iraqi radar or anti-aircraft fire directed at them.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On January 4, 1989, two US Navy F-14 aircraft based on the USS John F. Kennedy shot down two Libyan jet fighters over the Mediterranean Sea about 70 miles north of Libya.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In 1988, the ship shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 civilian passengers onboard including 38 non-Iranians and 66 children.
  • USS Cole (DDG-67) On 12 October 2000, while at anchor in Aden, the Cole was attacked by Al-Qaeda suicide bombers, who sailed a small boat near the destroyer and detonated explosive charges.^ Zeros shot down 7 P-40s, for the loss of one Japanese fighter, and, over all of Java, the Allies lost 15 pursuits and fighters.
    • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mitsubishi Zeros[23] mauled the Hudsons – five Hudsons in one flight of six were shot down, and others met the same fate.
    • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On June 5, 1984, Saudi Arabian jet fighter planes, aided by intelligence from a US AWACS electronic surveillance aircraft and fueled by a U.S. KC-10 tanker, shot down two Iranian fighter planes over an area of the Persian Gulf proclaimed as a protected zone for shipping.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The blast created a hole in the port side of the ship about 40 feet (12 m) in diameter, killing 17 crewmembers and injuring 39.

Aircraft

.Carrier-based aircraft are able to strike air, sea, and land targets far from a carrier strike group while protecting friendly forces from enemy aircraft, ships, and submarines.^ August 20, 1998 - American forces launch air strikes at 2 targets in retalliation for the american embassy bombings: a terrorist training facility in Afghanistan, and a chemical plant in Sudan.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US forces landed to protect American interests during an insurrection.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our planned mobile forces, a few Polaris submarines and aircraft carriers at see, and possibly some airborne alert bombers should not expect to escape unscathed.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.In peacetime, aircraft's ability to project the threat of sustained attack from a mobile platform on the seas gives United States leaders significant diplomatic and crisis-management options.^ STARK. Mr. Speaker, in the aftermath of the recent terrorist attacks on the United States, Americans have responded to the cries of their fellow citizens.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The attacks on Tuesday were designed to bring chaos to the United States, but it has done just the opposite.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States, and ask for its immediate consideration in the House.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Aircraft additionally provide logistics support to maintain the Navy’s readiness and, through helicopters, supply platforms with which to conduct search and rescue, special operations, anti-submarine warfare (ASW), and anti-surface warfare (ASuW).^ To provide and maintain a navy: .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From May 19 through June 1978, the United States utilized military transport aircraft to provide logistical support to Belgian and French rescue operations in Zaire.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The U.S. Navy began to research the use of aircraft at sea in the 1910s and commissioned its first aircraft carrier, USS Langley, in 1922.[62] United States naval aviation fully came of age in World War II, when it became clear following the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the Battle of the Coral Sea, and the Battle of Midway that aircraft carriers and the planes that they carried had replaced the battleship as the greatest weapon on the seas.^ This week's attacks were an act of war against the United States.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ USS Pearl Harbor (LSD-52) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Still, they began with an undamaged aircraft.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Navy aircraft also played a significant role in conflicts during the following Cold War years, with the F-4 Phantom II and the F-14 Tomcat becoming military icons of the era.^ US forgot the peacekeeping lessons learned during the cold war period.
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It will be apparent from this description that we believe the Air Force will continue to play the major role in the U.S. posture for general war.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A guard of marines was sent to protect the American legation and American lives and interests at Seoul during and following the Sino-Japanese War.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Navy's current primary fighter and attack airplanes are the multi-mission F/A-18C/D Hornet and its newer cousin, the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.^ There will be no more conventional attack submarines in the French Navy, although the current number of 6 nuclear attack submarines is to be maintained.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japanese fighters attacked Kendrai during the mission and forced the AAF to abandon it.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler Aircraft: Background and Issues for Congress by Christopher Bolkcom .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

The F-35 Lightning II is presently under development and is scheduled to replace the C and D versions of the Hornet beginning in 2012.[63]
.The Aircraft Investment Plan sees Naval aviation growing from 30 percent of current aviation forces to half of all procurement funding over the next three decades.^ Our planned mobile forces, a few Polaris submarines and aircraft carriers at see, and possibly some airborne alert bombers should not expect to escape unscathed.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, the Air Force has emphasized nuclear capabilities in its planning and in its research program so exclusively that it appears that, in time, it will have nearly surrendered all non-nuclear combat missions.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Equipment: current status and intended procurement The French forces currently possess a satellite communications capability and an upgrade is planned -- either in co-operation with European partners (Eumilsatcom with Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Italy) or as a national venture.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64]

Weapons

.Current U.S. Navy shipboard weapons systems are almost entirely focused on missiles, both as a weapon and as a threat.^ And various projected U.S. systems of fixed missile launching sites and bomber bases, both hard and soft, have been matched against an expanded Russian ICBM program.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Our ground forces have improved and have more accurate long-range weapons with the improved Army Tactical Missile System and a faster Multiple Launch Rocket System.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In an offensive role, missiles are intended to strike targets at long distances with accuracy and precision.^ Nonetheless, the SDR does not view long-range precision strike and "information war" capabilities as the essence of power projection.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There will be an increasing premium on 'stand-off' precision missiles which can be launched at targets from long range.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cross-border raid by Hezbollah provoked an Israeli offensive intended to destroy Hezbollah's large missile inventory and compel the Lebanese government to crack down on Hezbollah itself.
  • Israel's military power hasn't improved its strategic position and friends of the Jewish state must point out its mistakes--beginning with Gaza - By Stephen M. Walt | Stephen M. Walt 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC walt.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because they are unmanned weapons, missiles allow for attacks on heavily defended targets without risk to human pilots.^ When countries know that by participating in such a coalition they and their cities and their populations could conceivably be targets, it would cause a—the purpose of a terror weapon is to terrorize, and it need not even be used to still be very effective, because it alters behavior.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The prisoners were called “ghost detainees,” because they were brought to them by Other Government Agencies (OGAs), without accounting for them, knowing their identities, or even the reason for their detention.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, we are all American brothers and sisters, because the family of America has been attacked, and we have gathered together to begin the process of healing and then defending our American family, our beloved Nation.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Land strikes are the domain of the BGM-109 Tomahawk, which was first deployed in the 1980s and is continually being updated to increase its capabilities.^ To conclude the war on the best terms possible, we want our first strike to leave some element of his civil society as a hostage to our threat to continue the war.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.For anti-ship strikes, the Navy's dedicated missile is the Harpoon missile.^ The PRC's C-801 anti-ship cruise missile is believed to be a copy of the French Exocet anti-ship cruise missile.125 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To a major extent these aircraft would be employed on anti-shipping strikes as the Japanese moved toward the conquest of Java.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To defend against enemy missile attack, the Navy operates a number of systems that are all coordinated by the Aegis combat system.^ The Aegis combat system uses the AN/SPY-1 phased array radar to detect and track over 100 targets simultaneously, and a computer-based command and decision system allowing for simultaneous operations against air, surface, and submarine threats.82 .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And various projected U.S. systems of fixed missile launching sites and bomber bases, both hard and soft, have been matched against an expanded Russian ICBM program.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have emphasized two concepts in the oath: first the officer has sworn to defend the Constitution and secondly he has sworn to defend it against all enemies—including domestic enemies .
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Medium-long range defense is provided by the Standard Missile 2, which has been deployed since the 1980s.^ Our ground forces have improved and have more accurate long-range weapons with the improved Army Tactical Missile System and a faster Multiple Launch Rocket System.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ There will be an increasing premium on 'stand-off' precision missiles which can be launched at targets from long range.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Defense Horizons [08] The Case for Long-Range Strike: 21st Century Scenarios Barry D. Watts.
  • MiPAL: National Security Strategy 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC merln.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Standard missile doubles as the primary shipboard anti-aircraft weapon and is undergoing development for use in theater ballistic missile defense.^ At any point during the next five years, the expenditure by the enemy of a few ballistic missiles could practically wipe out our area defenses.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These projects could advance the PRC's development of materials, such as composites, for military aircraft and other weapons.
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, it might be used for airborne early warning or as a platform for infrared-detection equipment to detect ballistic missiles in the launch phase.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.Short range defense against missiles is provided by the Phalanx CIWS and the more recently developed RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile.^ I really have to commend you for taking the leadership to provide early warning data to Israel which she did not have to make their defense more effective.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Our ground forces have improved and have more accurate long-range weapons with the improved Army Tactical Missile System and a faster Multiple Launch Rocket System.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ And it appears feasible for the Russians to intercept most of a small U.S. ballistic missile force, if these missiles do not devote a considerable payload to defense against such interception.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

.In addition to missiles, the Navy employs Mark 46 and Mark 50 torpedoes and various types of naval mines.^ January 5, 1778 - Naval mines are used for the 1st time by the Continental Navy.
  • Chronological History Timeline of the United States - SHG Resources 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.shgresources.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. Navy's Mark 48 Advanced Capability Torpedo .
  • U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA -- CHAPTER 1 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Aviation Ordnancemen loading GBU-12 bombs.
.Naval fixed-wing aircraft employ much of the same weapons as the United States Air Force for both air-to-air and air-to-surface combat.^ There is much that the United States can do.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Militia, military, and naval forces of the Confederate States to be employed.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Air engagements are handled by the heat-seeking Sidewinder and the radar guided AMRAAM missiles along with the M61 Vulcan cannon for close range dogfighting. For surface strikes, Navy aircraft utilize a combination of missiles, smart bombs, and dumb bombs. On the list of available missiles are the Maverick, SLAM-ER and JSOW. Smart bombs include the GPS-guided JDAM and the laser-guided Paveway series. Unguided munitions such as dumb bombs and cluster bombs make up the rest of the weapons deployed by fixed-wing aircraft.
.Rotary aircraft weapons are focused on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and light to medium surface engagements.^ The current medium-range, stand-off weapon (ASMP) is to be replaced by a new model (ASMP2G) and the forthcoming Rafale aircraft will take over from the Mirage 2000 as its platform.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron Light FOUR FOUR (HSL-44) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron Light FOUR SIX (HSL-46) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.To combat submarines, helicopters use Mark 46 and Mark 50 torpedoes.^ Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron Light FOUR SIX (HSL-46) .
  • The US Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.navy.mil [Source type: Academic]
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.Against small watercraft, they utilize Hellfire and Penguin air to surface missiles.^ And it appears feasible for the Russians to intercept most of a small U.S. ballistic missile force, if these missiles do not devote a considerable payload to defense against such interception.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The bulk of the bluewater surface fleet will consist of frigates (carrying helicopters armed with ship-to-ship and air-defense missiles).
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Helicopters also employ various types of mounted anti-personnel machine guns, including the M60, M240, GAU-16/A, and GAU-17/A.^ By conference between Planning and Control representatives and the CO's and personnel officers in the various commands and activities, definite figures were reached as to the number of Negroes to be included in station complements and the types of jobs they would fill.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germany possesses 343 Wiesels, which employ either TOW anti-armor missiles or a 20 mm-machine cannon.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nuclear weapons in the U.S. Navy arsenal are deployed through ballistic missile submarines and aircraft.^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But France will continue to deploy both sea-based and air-launched nuclear weapons.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There will be no more conventional attack submarines in the French Navy, although the current number of 6 nuclear attack submarines is to be maintained.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Ohio-class submarine carries the latest iteration of the Trident missile, a three stage, underwater launched, nuclear ICBM with MIRV capability; the current Trident II (D5) version is expected to be in service past 2020.[65] The Navy’s other nuclear weapon is the air-deployed B61 nuclear bomb.^ But France will continue to deploy both sea-based and air-launched nuclear weapons.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The air-launched nuclear capability the "final warning" force will also be upgraded.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Navy's principal package for power projection is said to be its carrier group accompanied by other elements, according to the situation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The B61 is a thermonuclear device that can be dropped by strike aircraft such as the F/A-18 Hornet and Super Hornet at high speed from a large range of altitudes.^ Less obvious at the time, despite claims of many ships destroyed or damaged by medium and high-altitude level bombers, such attacks were largely futile, and almost certain to fail against ships that were underway.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But such estimates seldom face up to the full range of uncertainty in the expected numbers, and the implications of this uncertainty for the design of a high confidence deterrent and fighting posture.
  • Objectives of the United StatesMilitary Posture 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.rand.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While the RAF and RAAF aircraft were returning to their bases, a formation of 18 Mitsubishi Ki 21 (Sally)[24]bombers dropped anti-personnel fragmentation bombs on P.1.
  • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It can be released through free-fall or parachute and can be set to detonate in the air or on the ground.

Special warfare

SEALs coming ashore
.The major players in U.S. Navy special operations are the United States Navy SEALs and the Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen (SWCCs, pronounced "swicks").^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
  • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mobilization of Guard and Reserve forces have helped to reduce the stress on some of these key units, but any major combat operation will obviously require us to prioritize the tasks given to such units.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

The SEALs derive their name from the environments in and from which they can operate: SEa, Air, and Land. .Their distinguishing specialty, however, is maritime operations—striking from and returning to the sea.^ The US was also conducting "maritime interception operations...to locate and detain suspected al-Qaeda or Taliban leadership fleeing Afghanistan by sea."
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Enterprise Institute [Oct 07] Dangerous Waters: Ignorning Operational Art at Sea Could Doom U.S. Maritime Strategy Milan Vego.
  • MiPAL: National Security Strategy 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC merln.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[66] .The SEALs are a flexible group of naval special operations forces who are trained to conduct clandestine warfare, most often in small-unit actions.^ Most nations with large peacekeeping forces offer special training .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some of the respects in which experience suggested the desirability of special organization or methods in the conduct of Negro training should be noted here.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Nations has many countries who can supply well trained .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.SWCCs are trained in small ship and watercraft special operations and often work closely with their SEAL counterparts.^ Extra accommodations permitted overcomplementing the ship in some ratings particularly requiring special skill, so that training might be expedited.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have added some training and simulation capability to help mitigate the impact on the operational assets, but we are still going to have to prioritize those and work those very hard.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bureau had many reports from all over the country of Negroes' refusals to do small deviations from the work for which they had been trained.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Organized into Special Boat Teams, SWCCs have expertise in inserting and extracting SEALs in hostile territory, conducting coastal patrols, carrying out surveillance missions and boarding vessels.^ Some of the respects in which experience suggested the desirability of special organization or methods in the conduct of Negro training should be noted here.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May God grant wisdom to the President of the United States and may he grant his protection and blessing to the young, great Americans that have to carry out this mission.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That section requires the President to report to Congress whenever U.S. Armed Forces are introduced into hostilities, into foreign territories while equipped for combat, or into foreign territories to substantially enlarge an existing force.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

[67]
.Navy special operations fall under the jurisdiction of Naval Special Warfare Command, the Navy branch of United States Special Operations Command.^ Under our Constitution, the President of the United States is commander in chief.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States then lead the operation, called .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States, under heavy internal .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

.Within Naval Special Warfare Command are seven operational entities: four Special Warfare Groups, the Special Warfare Development Group, the Operational Support Group, and the Special Warfare Center.^ A comparative analysis of these newly developed corps shows that, wherever Germany co- operates with smaller neighbors, the command and support structures are controlled and mainly operated by the Bundeswehr.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CIC [Combat Information Center] Operation in an AGC [Amphibious Force Flagship equipped with special communications facilities] .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

^ About the end of August, 1943, the recommendation was made that the special unit should consist of not less than one commander, four lieutenant commanders and two lieutenants.
  • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Naval Special Warfare Group ONE and Group TWO each consist of four teams of Navy SEALs and a few Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Units.^ The FORCE Ministry skydiving team is comprised of current and former Navy SEALs whose lives have been touched through FORCE.” In other words, FORCE is composed of men from the military’s “Special Operations” branch.
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That the Adjutant and Inspector-General's department shall consist of one adjutant and inspector-general with the rank of colonel, * four assistant adjutants-general with the rank of major, and four assistant adjutants-general with the rank of captain.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Units of the Japanese Imperial Navy sank two Allied cruisers – USS Houston and HMS Perth – and three destroyers while suffering the loss of one destroyer.
    • Military History Online - The Aerial Defense of the Netherlands East Indies and the United States Army Air Force in the Defense of Java, 1942 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.militaryhistoryonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .NSW units are charged with overall command and control and planning of special operations within their geographic jurisdiction.
  • Group THREE is made up of SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Teams.^ This is why all three services seek to modernize their own command, control and communication systems.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The foresight of the management advisors went further, to the point of visualizing in the Planning and Control Division a "special programs" unit.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A proposal for use of Negroes within and outside the United States in special cargo handling "supply-battalions" under administration of BuSandA was never pressed by the latter.
    • HyperWar: The Negro in the Navy 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .SEALs who are assigned to SDV teams specialize in the use of Swimmer Delivery Vehicles (known as "SEAL Delivery Vehicles" in American service) and Advanced SEAL Delivery Systems (ASDSs).^ That the Secretary of War be and he is hereby authorized and empowered to appoint an assistant, who shall be known as the Assistant Secretary of War, who shall perform such duties as may be assigned him .
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .These watercraft are submersibles that are designed to insert SEAL operators underwater, from long distances offshore.
  • Group FOUR comprises all of the Navy's Special Boat Teams.
  • The U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group, also known as Dev Group or DEVGRU, is the United States military's premier Maritime Counter-Terrorism unit.^ These military operations included ongoing US actions against al-Qaeda fighters in Afghanistan; collaborative anti-terror operations with forces of Pakistan in the Pakistan/Afghanistan border area; "maritime interception operations on the high seas" in areas of responsibility of the Central and European Commands to prevent terrorist movement and other activities; and military support for the armed forces of Georgia and Yemen in counter-terrorism operations.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What military commitment will be required from the United States at the time of our victory and in the years to come?
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .While the Navy confirms the existence of the unit, it merely states that the role of Dev Group is to test, evaluate, and develop technology and maritime, ground and airborne tactics for Navy Special Warfare; no official mention of counter-terrorism concerning DEVGRU is made.^ Role of the United States Navy in the Formation and Development of the Federal German Navy, 1945-1970 .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Under orders of President Monroe, United States forces landed and expelled a group of smugglers, adventurers, and freebooters.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Though much of the information regarding this unit is classified, it is estimated that the group consists of approximately 200 active operators.^ Odean said that his job focused, “Primarily on the Joint Detention Operations Group (JDOG) that consists of service members from all branches.” [111]   .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ According to the U.S. Army there are “approximately 2,200 active duty, National Guard and Reserve chaplains from 120 faith groups serving in uniform worldwide.” That grants the Assemblies about eleven percent of the total chaplain slots.
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The United States is “actively pursuing and engaging remnant al-Qaida and Taliban fighters in Afghanistan.” U.S. forces in Afghanistan total approximately 31, 000.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [68]
  • .
  • The Operational Support Group is the reserve element of NSWC, providing support to active units when necessary.^ The United States has been providing logistic support successfully .
    • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ U.S. forces were also deployed in the Horn of Africa region, and in Djibouti to support necessary operations against al-Qaida and other international terrorists operating in the region, including Yemen.
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [69]
  • The Naval Special Warfare Center, located in Coronado, California, is the main training center for Navy special operations personnel including the United States Navy SEALs.
.Although not under the jurisdiction of NSW Command, Navy Explosive Ordnance Disposal Units often work closely with special operations teams.^ Our Commander in Chief and the Congress will work together to bring to justice and to punish those responsible for trying to bring the United States to its knees.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The FORCE Ministry skydiving team is comprised of current and former Navy SEALs whose lives have been touched through FORCE.” In other words, FORCE is composed of men from the military’s “Special Operations” branch.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other, more recent instances often involve deployment of US military forces as part of a multinational operation associated with NATO or the United Nations.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trained to be combat-ready and highly mobile, EOD units are entrusted with nullifying hazardous ordnance in a number of different maritime environments.^ Are the United States highly trained armed .
  • The United States And Peacekeeping: Can It Work? 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And without getting into much more detail, obviously our forces are prepared for that, they train for that, and would be ready to deal with that type of environment.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The envisaged reduction in TA numbers (from 57,000 down to 40,000) will certainly result in fewer combat formations available on mobilization.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70] They are also able to conduct underwater anti-mine operations using marine mammals.[71]

Naval Expeditionary Combat Command

.Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC), established in January 2006, serves as the single functional command for the Navy's expeditionary forces and as central management for the readiness, resources, manning, training and equipping of those forces.^ He added that US forces were conducting maritime interception operations in the Central and European Command areas to combat movement, arming or financing of "international terrorists."
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, our forces, our Army divisions, our carrier battle groups, our wings, our Marine expeditionary forces, they are in a very high state of readiness, and they are ready for—again, for whatever they might be asked to do.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ And without getting into much more detail, obviously our forces are prepared for that, they train for that, and would be ready to deal with that type of environment.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Members of Inshore Boat Unit 24 patrol near Kuwait Naval Base.
.NECC consolidates, aligns and integrates diverse expeditionary capabilities and combat support elements to create consistent expeditionary practices, procedures, requirements and logistics in the battle space.^ The rest of the combat element will consist of Mirage 2000 aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of their generally high-degree of readiness, most of the Luftwaffe's combat elements are considered crisis-reaction capable.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

NECC’s enterprise approach will yield improved efficiencies and effectiveness through economies of scale and common processes.
.NECC is a command element and force provider for integrated maritime expeditionary missions.^ He added that US forces were conducting maritime interception operations in the Central and European Command areas to combat movement, arming or financing of "international terrorists."
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The integration of the reservists would beef up the forces' (and especially the Army's) command and logistical infrastructure.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.NECC is a core expeditionary force providing effective waterborne and ashore anti-terrorism, force protection, theater security cooperation and engagement, and humanitarian assistance/disaster relief contingencies.^ A landing force was sent ashore for a few hours to protect lives during a disturbance at Kiukiang.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A force was sent ashore at Buenos Aires to protect the interests of the United States and other countries during an insurrection.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US forces currently conduct humanitarian and civic assistance activities for East Timor's citizens.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Upon request, NECC supplements Coast Guard homeland security requirements while training and equipping forces to support mission requirements.^ Our strategy is to use this enlisting, training, and equipping process called ‘FAITH’ as ‘Faith Force Multipliers.’” [59] .
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He stated that US combat-equipped and combat support forces would be necessary for these efforts, if undertaken.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the Philippine Government's invitation, the President had ordered deployed "combat-equipped and combat support forces to train with, advise, and assist" the Philippines' Armed Forces in enhancing their "existing counterterrorist capabilities."
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.NECC capabilities include; Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Maritime Expeditionary Security, Riverine, Diving Operations, Naval Construction, Maritime Civil Affairs, Expeditionary Training, Expeditionary Logistics, Expeditionary Intelligence, Combat Camera, Expeditionary Combat Readiness, and Maritime Expeditionary Security.^ Because of their generally high-degree of readiness, most of the Luftwaffe's combat elements are considered crisis-reaction capable.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He added that US forces were conducting maritime interception operations in the Central and European Command areas to combat movement, arming or financing of "international terrorists."
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Journal of International Security Affairs [Jan/Feb 09] The Truth Is Out There: Responding to Insurgent Disinformation and Deception Operations Cori E. Dauber.
  • MiPAL: National Security Strategy 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC merln.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Maritime Expeditionary Security Force’s (MESF) (formerly known as Naval Coastal Warfare) primary mission is force protection conducted through fleet support with operations around the world.^ I am disappointed that this limited resolution does not respond adequately to the need to protect the lives of freedom-loving people around the world.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush noted that the mission for these US military forces is maintaining a safe and secure environment through conducting security patrols in urban areas and in the countryside through their sector.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Power projection ("la projection") : This is a high-priority task of the French military typically involving land, air, and maritime forces, preferably in close co-operation.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anti-Terrorism and Force Protection missions include harbor and homeland defense, coastal surveillance, and special missions.^ All in all the Bundeswehr presents itself as a modern force, equipped for a multitude of missions (offensive as well as defensive) with light mobile, but also considerably heavy fighting platforms.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Page 28 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     Today, we have sufficient forces to continue our ongoing operations, meet our international commitments, and continue to protect the American homeland.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The tendency of each service to jealously protect its own special, traditional interests is also reflected in the fact that the German forces do not put much emphasis on "jointness".
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Specialized units work together with MESF squadron staffs providing intelligence and communications.^ Our Commander in Chief and the Congress will work together to bring to justice and to punish those responsible for trying to bring the United States to its knees.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the independent panel’s findings, Miller brought Military Police (MP) together with Military Intelligence (MI) and called upon them to work together cooperatively.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However there is a dual responsibility of the Congress and the President to work together in times of aggression against those who would do harm to the United States.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

MESF units deploy worldwide to detect, deter, and defend an area, unit, or High Value Asset. .Recent locations include the United States, Korea, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Egypt.^ STARK. Mr. Speaker, in the aftermath of the recent terrorist attacks on the United States, Americans have responded to the cries of their fellow citizens.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States, and ask for its immediate consideration in the House.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaker, I rise in support of the resolution authorizing the use of force against those persons responsible for recent acts of terrorism against the United States.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Two Maritime Expeditionary Security Groups in San Diego and Portsmouth, Va.^ Tactical Training Group Pacific, San Diego (TTGP) .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Fleet Aviation Specialized Operational Training Group, Pacific, NAS North Island, San Diego, CA .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

provide centralized planning, control, training, coordination, equipping, and integration of coastal warfare assets trained to operate in high density, multi-threat environments. .Units conduct force protection of strategic shipping and naval vessels operating in the inshore and coastal assets, anchorages and harbors, from bare beach to sophisticated port facilities.^ Iceland was taken under the protection of the United States, with consent of its government, for strategic reasons.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A display of naval force sought to protect American commerce and shipping at Rio de Janeiro during a Brazilian civil war.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other, more recent instances often involve deployment of US military forces as part of a multinational operation associated with NATO or the United Nations.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Coastal and harbor defense and protection of naval assets are placed under the jurisdiction of two Naval Coastal Warfare Groups: one for the Pacific Fleet and one for the Atlantic Fleet.^ Guard groups of vets formed at the two entrances to the GOE site, and no one with an antiwar banner was allowed in.
  • Old War Dogs: US Navy 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.oldwardogs.us [Source type: General]

^ Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing Two & Director, Patrol and Reconnaissance Group Pacific .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.Within these groups are Mobile Security Squadrons and Naval Coastal Warfare Squadrons.^ Naval Security Group Activity, Misawa, Japan .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Naval Security Group Activity Groton .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Naval Security Group Activity, Fort Meade .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.MSSs deploy Mobile Security Detachments that provide force protection for high value naval targets in ports and harbors where U.S. shore infrastructure is limited or does not exist.^ I am disappointed that this limited resolution does not respond adequately to the need to protect the lives of freedom-loving people around the world.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A display of naval force sought to protect American commerce and shipping at Rio de Janeiro during a Brazilian civil war.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American and British naval forces were landed to protect national interests and to take part in a bloody contention over the succession to the throne.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Naval Coastal Warfare Squadrons provide surveillance and security in harbors, coasts, and inshore areas. They comprise Mobile Inshore Undersea Warfare Units (MIUWUs) and Inshore Boat Units (IBUs). .MIUWUs are charged with security, observation, and communications support for commanders operating in an inshore/coast environment, including anchorages and harbors.^ In addition, two US Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support, as required.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the idea that there is going to be a massive change, and the Special Operations people will in every instance be the supportive CINC or combatant commander is just not the case.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. forces were also deployed in the Horn of Africa region, and in Djibouti to support necessary operations against al-Qaida and other international terrorists operating in the region, including Yemen.
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the same operating environment, IBUs manage water craft for security, interdiction and surveillance.

Naval culture

FIAV 000001.svg First and current U.S. Naval Jack
FIAV historical.svg FIAV 000001.svg Former U.S. Naval Jack
.The current naval jack of the United States is the First Navy Jack, traditionally regarded as having been used during the American Revolutionary War.^ War Instructions United States Navy 1944 .
  • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

^ A guard of Marines was sent to protect the American legation in Seoul during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 .
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 31 May 2002, Secretary of the Navy Gordon England directed all U.S. naval ships to fly the First Navy Jack for the duration of the War on Terrorism.^ That the Secretary of War be authorized and required to make all necessary arrangements for the reception and forwarding of clothes, shoes, blankets, and other articles of necessity that may be sent to the army by private contribution.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That all seamen and ordinary seamen in the land forces of the Confederate States, enrolled under the provisions of this act, may, on application of the Secretary of the Navy, be transferred from the land forces to the naval service.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the President be and he is hereby authorized to appoint three naval storekeepers, whose duties shall be performed under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Many ships chose to shift colors later that year on the first anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks.^ September 11, 2001.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaker, centuries from now, when future generations look back, they will see that September 11, 2001, was a day like no other in our history.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It authorizes the President to use all necessary and appropriate force against those who attacked our country on September 11, or those who aided or harbored them.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The previous naval jack was a blue field with 50 white stars, identical to the canton of the ensign (the flag of the United States) both in appearance and size, and continues to remain in use with vessels of the U.S. Coast Guard.^ United States vessels in ports of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ United States laws continue in force.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That the flag of the Confederate States shall be as follows: the field to be white, the length double the width of the flag, with the union (now used as the battle-flag) to be a square of two-thirds the width of the flag, having the ground red; thereon a broad saltier of blue, bordered with white, and emblazoned with white mullets or five-pointed stars, corresponding in number to that of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

A jack of similar design was used in 1794, though with 13 stars arranged in a 3–2–3–2–3 pattern. When a ship is moored or anchored, the jack is flown from the bow of the ship while the ensign is flown from the stern. When underway, the ensign is raised on the mainmast. .The First Naval Jack, however, has always been flown on the oldest ship in the active American fleet, currently USS Constitution.^ A display of naval force sought to protect American commerce and shipping at Rio de Janeiro during a Brazilian civil war.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A naval force landed and stormed a fort to punish natives of the town of Quallah Battoo for plundering the American ship Friendship .
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A naval force landed to punish natives of the towns of Quallah Battoo and Muckie (Mukki) for depredations on American shipping.
  • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Over the course of the Navy's 207-year existence, a distinct jargon has evolved among American sailors and has become a normal part of their everyday speech. Modern U.S. Navy slang draws from a number of varied sources. It includes traditional sailing terms, archaic English words, and a plethora of acronyms, joke phrases, crude expressions, and abbreviations that have been created within the past hundred years.[72]

Notable sailors

John Paul Jones, America's first well-known navy hero.
.Many past and present United States historical figures have served in the Navy.^ Mason also served as the United States Minister to France.
  • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States has many competitive private and public institutions of higher education , as well as local community colleges with open admission policies.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Notable officers include John Paul Jones, John Barry (Continental Navy officer and first flag officer of the United States Navy),[73] James Lawrence (whose last words "don't give up the ship" are memorialized in Bancroft Hall at the United States Naval Academy), Oliver Hazard Perry, Commodore Matthew Perry (whose Black Ships forced the opening of Japan), and Chester Nimitz, Admiral of the Pacific Fleet in World War II.
.A number of presidents served in the Navy before their political careers, including John F. Kennedy (who commanded the famous PT-109), Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and George H.W. Bush.^ That if any person who has been or is about to be enrolled for service in the army shall, at any time before being assigned to any company, declare to the enrolling or commanding officer that he prefers being enrolled for service in the navy or the marine corps, it shall be the duty of the said officer to enroll such person for the service which he may prefer, and to .
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Since President George W. Bush became the president, Pentecostal Assembly of God chaplains are in high demand in the military.
  • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The resolution before the House tonight reinforces and supports the powers granted to the President in the Constitution as Commander in Chief and those granted him under the War Powers Act.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Both Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt were the Assistant Secretary of the Navy prior to their presidencies.^ After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal , a range of policies increasing government intervention in the economy.
  • United States @ Top40-Charts.info 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That the President be and he is hereby authorized to appoint three naval storekeepers, whose duties shall be performed under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.
  • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Financial Management and Comptroller .
  • US Navy Links - Official Navy Websites, Academy, Navy Bases, Commands, etc. - ChristianHomeschoolers.com 23 January 2010 18:28 UTC www.christianhomeschoolers.com [Source type: Reference]

.Many members of Congress served in the Navy, notably U.S. Senators John McCain and John Kerry.^ In light of one Senator's breach of trust, the administration is now withholding information from Members of Congress.
  • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I, personally, am a very proud member of the Army National Guard currently, the only one serving in Congress.
  • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Other notable former members of the U.S. Navy include astronauts, entertainers, authors, and professional athletes such as David Robinson, and Roger Staubach.^ In the future the Navy may include 1 - 2 aircraft carriers (34,000 ts, nuclear-powered), only 81 other ships, and 22 maritime patrol aircraft.
  • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also


References

  1. ^ Precedence of the U.S. Navy and the Marine Corps Department of the Navy -- Naval History & Heritage Command, 04 October 2009
  2. ^ "Navy Traditions and Customs". Naval Historical Center. United States Navy. http://www.history.navy.mil/trivia/trivia01.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Status of the Navy". U.S. Navy. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/navy_legacy.asp?id=146. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  4. ^ Gates, Robert M. "A Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age". Council On Foreign Relations. http://fullaccess.foreignaffairs.org/20090101faessay88103-p20/robert-m-gates/a-balanced-strategy.html. Retrieved 8 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Constitution of the United States". U.S. Government. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Palmer, Micheal A. "The Continental Period, 1775-1890". A History of the U.S. Navy. Naval Historical Centre. http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history2.htm. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  7. ^ "The US Navy Organisation". Mission of the Navy. United States Navy. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/organization/org-top.asp. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "Military requirements, basic (BMR) Revised Edition". Navy Advancement Training Manuals. U.S. Navy. http://www.tpub.com/content/advancement/14325/css/14325_575.htm. Retrieved 2 December 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Famous Navy Quotes: Who Said Them... and When". Traditions of the US Navy. Naval Historical Centre. http://www.history.navy.mil/trivia/trivia02.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  10. ^ "Birth of the U.S. Navy". Department of the Navy – Naval Historical Center Official Website. Retrieved 2 August 2006.
  11. ^ "Birthplace of the Navy". Department of the Navy — Naval Historical Center Official Website. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  12. ^ a b c d Love, Robert W. Jr. History of the US Navy Volume One: 1775-1941. Harrisburg: Stackpole Books, 1992.
  13. ^ a b c Howarth, Steven. To Shining Sea: A history of the United States Navy 1776-1991. New York: Random House, 1991.
  14. ^ "History of the US Navy". The Navy: The Continental Period, 1775-1890. Naval Historical Centre. http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history2.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  15. ^ Crocker III, H. W. (2006). Don't Tread on Me. New York: Crown Forum. p. 302. ISBN 9781400053636. 
  16. ^ Weighing the U.S. Navy Defense & Security Analysis, Volume 17, Issue 3 December 2001, pp. 259 - 265.
  17. ^ King, Ernest J., USN. "Major Combatant Ships Added to United States Fleet, 7 December 1941 - 1 October 1945", ibiblio.org. US Navy at War 1941-1945: Official Report to the Secretary of the Navy. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  18. ^ The Evolution of Fleet Tactical Doctrine in the U.S. Navy, 1922-1941. Trent Hone. The Journal of Military History, Vol. 67, No. 4 (October 2003), pp. 1107-1148. Society for Military History Stable at Jstor.org.
  19. ^ Tactical Use of Air Power in World War II: The Navy Experience. Henry M. Dater. Military Affairs, Vol. 14, No. (Winter 1950), pp. 192-200 Society for Military History Stable at Jstor.org
  20. ^ Palmer, Michael A. "The Navy: The Transoceanic Period, 1945-1992". Department of the Navy — Naval Historical Center Official Website. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  21. ^ "Overview—The Role of the Navy". US Navy in Desert Storm/Desert Shield. Naval Historical Centre. http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/dstorm/ds1.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  22. ^ "Forward...From the Sea". Department of the Navy Website. Retrieved 25 July 2006.
  23. ^ Jim Garamone (17 October 2007). "Sea Services Unveil New Maritime Strategy". Navy News Service. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=32655. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  24. ^ The Coast Guard is often believed to act as the First Fleet in wartime; however, the United States has never officially used this reference and it is informal at best. "Numbered Fleets". From 1790-1798 there was no navy, and the only warships protecting the country were Revenue Cutters, the predecessors of the U.S. Coast Guard. This is why USCG ships are referred to as Cutters. Federation of American Scientists: Military Analysis Network. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  25. ^ "Navy Reestablishes U.S. Fourth Fleet", U.S. Navy, 24 April 2008.
  26. ^ "Military Sealift Command". Official U.S. Navy Website. Retrieved 24 July 2006.
  27. ^ "Naval Special Warfare Command"Official U.S. Navy Website. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
  28. ^ Navy and Marine Corps History, Customs, and Courtesies -- Fundamentals
  29. ^ USMC Public affairs -- Recon Marines seek green-side corpsmen.
  30. ^ Gator fleet a likely target for QDR, cuts
  31. ^ Amphibious Ship Building, globalsecurity.org
  32. ^ Law.Cornell.edu, 14 USC 3. Relationship to Navy Department.
  33. ^ How lean manning saps morale, puts sailors at risk
  34. ^ Admiral of the Navy George Dewey, USN. Naval Historical Center Official Website. Accessed May 16, 2007.
  35. ^ Naval Traditions: Names of Ranks. Naval Historical Center Official Website. Accessed 16 May 2007.
  36. ^ a b Law.Cornell.edul, 10 USC 5501. Navy: grades above chief warrant officer, W–5
  37. ^ a b Law.Cornell.edu 37 USC 201. Pay grades: assignment to; general rules
  38. ^ "Task Force Uniform". Navy Personnel Command. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  39. ^ Foutch, Michael, USN. "New Navy Working Uniform and Service Uniform Concepts Approved", news.navy.mil. Navy newsstand. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  40. ^ "NAVADMIN 190/08 Uniform update", npc.navy.mil. Naval Personnel Command. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  41. ^ Navy.mil New Navy Working Uniform and Service Uniform Concepts Approved. Retrieved 2 March 2006.
  42. ^ "Chapter 2: Grooming Regulations", buperscd.technology.navy.mil. U.S. Navy Uniform Regulations. Retrieved 21 July 2006.
  43. ^ a b c d "Navy facilities within the U.S.". United States Navy. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/navy_legacy_hr.asp?id=195. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  44. ^ Naval Station Everett. Naval Station Everett Official Site. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
  45. ^ Guam. Globalsecurity.org. Accessed 19 May 2007.
  46. ^ Military: Naval Air Station, Agana (Tiyan) (closed). GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  47. ^ Yokosuka, Japan. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 19 April 2006.
  48. ^ "Naval facilities outside the US". United States Navy. https://www.dmdc.osd.mil/sites/owa/Installation.prc_Home?p_SID=&p_DB=P. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  49. ^ USN Ship Naming. Naval Historical Center. Accessed 19 May 2007
  50. ^ "CVN-65 Enterprise". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  51. ^ "CVN-68 Nimitz Class". globalSecurity.org. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  52. ^ Vice Adm. Barry McCullough, defensenews.com
  53. ^ "Why the carriers?". Official United States Navy website. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  54. ^ "Fact file - Aircraft Carriers". United States Navy. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  55. ^ "World Wide Aircraft Carriers". globalSecurity.org. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  56. ^ The US Navy Aircraft Carriers. Official U.S. Navy Website. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
  57. ^ "Carrier Design". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  58. ^ French Sailors Experience Flight Operations Aboard Roosevelt, US Navy Press Release, 22 July 2008, navy.mil
  59. ^ "FFG-7 Oliver Hazard Perry-class Program Status". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  60. ^ "Submarine Missions". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  61. ^ "SSN-571 Nautilus." GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 20 July 2006.
  62. ^ "A Brief History of U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers: Part I - The Early Years". U.S. Navy Official Website. Retrieved 9 April 2006.
  63. ^ "F-35C Joint Strike Fighter". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 18 July 2006.
  64. ^ This Pentagon Needs Watching
  65. ^ "Trident Fleet Ballistic Missile". U.S. Navy Official Website. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  66. ^ "SEAL Team Missions". About the SEALs. U.S. Navy SEALs. http://www.seal.navy.mil/seal/missions.aspx. Retrieved 2 December 2008. 
  67. ^ "U. S. Navy Special Boat Squadrons". Global special operations online. http://www.globalspecialoperations.com/seal-2.html. Retrieved 2 December 2008. 
  68. ^ "Naval Special Warfare Development Group". Specialoperations.com. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  69. ^ Naval Special Warfare Reshapes Reserves, navy.mil
  70. ^ "United States Navy Explosive Ordnance Disposal". Specwarnet.com. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  71. ^ "U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Fleet Systems". U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program. Retrieved 8 April 2006.
  72. ^ Naval Ceremonies, Customs, and Traditions / William Mack and Royal Connell — Naval Institute Press, 2004 - ISBN 1557503303
  73. ^ Joint Resolution Recognizing Commodore John Barry as the first flag officer of the United States Navy, thomas.loc.gov. Accessed 06/30/09.

External links

.
  • "United States Navy official website".^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mode of computing length of service of officers formerly attached to United States navy.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.navy.mil/.
     
  • "Naval History & Heritage Command's official website".^ From the DoD Dictionary of terms at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/index.html .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For a detailed history of his Army career appointments see: http://www.homestead.com/prosites-prs/generalboykin.html .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://www.history.navy.mil/.
     
  • "U.S. Naval Institute".^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For a detailed history of his Army career appointments see: http://www.homestead.com/prosites-prs/generalboykin.html .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2003/04/mil-030408-amcns01.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://www.usni.org/.
     
  • A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower
  • "Navy.com, USN official recruitment site".^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ RAND Corporation [Spring 08] A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower: A View from Outside Geoffrey Till.
    • MiPAL: National Security Strategy 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC merln.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .http://www.navy.com/.
     
  • "U.S. Navy News website".^ See Page 8 of the Platform:   http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/RPTPlatform2002.pdf .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Taguba Report at page 26.  http://www.yuricareport.com/Corruption/PrisonAbuseReport.pdf .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Chronology of the SBC Takeover.” At: http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/HowDominionistsTookOverSBCChronology.html The original site is at: http://www.mchorse.com/sbcchronology.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .http://www.news.navy.mil/swf/index.asp.
     ; official news
  • "United States Navy Memorial".^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The devastation in New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington is not limited to the United States.
    • The Avalon Project : Congressional Record House - Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces; September 14, 2001 9 January 2010 14:59 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.navymemorial.org/.
     
  • "Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding the U.S. Navy".^ The Taguba Report at page 26.  http://www.yuricareport.com/Corruption/PrisonAbuseReport.pdf .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .University of North Texas Libraries.^ Copyright © North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina Library at Chapel Hill, 1998.
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The North Carolina Collection of the University of North Carolina Library also has other printed materials relating to the Naval Pre-flight School.
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ K Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs/search.tkl?q=navy&search_crit=title&search=Search&date1=Anytime&date2=Anytime&type=form.
     
  • "Photographic History of The U.S. Navy".^ History of the Navy Department Library .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    Naval History. NavSource. .http://www.navsource.org. 
  • "Haze Gray & Underway — Naval History and Photography".^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For a detailed history of his Army career appointments see: http://www.homestead.com/prosites-prs/generalboykin.html .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ibid, at http://www.azconservative.org/erickson5.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    HazeGray.org. .http://www.hazegray.org/. 
  • Unclassified Naval photos of Task Force 71/Soviet confrontation in search of downed KAL 007
  • "U.S. Navy Ships".^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Visit http://www.lib.unc.edu/m/ P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .
    • North Carolina Collection-P27: United States Navy Pre-flight School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lib.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A display of naval force sought to protect American commerce and shipping at Rio de Janeiro during a Brazilian civil war.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Military Analysis Network. Federation of America Scientists. .http://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/. 
  • "United States Navy in World War I".^ From the French perspective, the United States has often seemed to be a random factor in world politics.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All laws of the United States heretofore enacted for the government of the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the United States, that are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby adopted and applied to the officers, seamen, and marines of the Navy of the Confederate States.
    • Confederate States of America.A Digest of the Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States,From theCommencement of the Provisional Congress to the End of the First CongressUnder the Permanent Constitution. 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    World War I at Sea.net. .http://www.worldwar1atsea.net/WW1NavyUS.htm.^ Chronology of the SBC Takeover.” At: http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/HowDominionistsTookOverSBCChronology.html The original site is at: http://www.mchorse.com/sbcchronology.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Posted at: http://www.yuricareport.com/Art%20Essays/The%20New%20Messiahs%20Excerpts.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Retrieved 3 February 2007
    .  (Includes warship losses.)
  • .
  • "U.S. Navy in World War II".^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ US Navy Code Words of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ I think we have to expect our armed forces, much like they did in World War II, steel themselves for the long haul.
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    .World War II on the World Wide Web.^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ US Navy Code Words of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ I think we have to expect our armed forces, much like they did in World War II, steel themselves for the long haul.
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    Hyper War. .http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/.  (Includes The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II.^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Chronology of the SBC Takeover.” At: http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/HowDominionistsTookOverSBCChronology.html The original site is at: http://www.mchorse.com/sbcchronology.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ US Navy Code Words of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    )
  • "Our Fighting Ships"". U.S. WW II Newsmap. Army Orientation Course. 29 June 1942. .http://digital.library.unt.edu/permalink/meta-dc-1023:2.  Hosted by the UNT Libraries Digital Collections
  • "Strict Neutrality — Britain & France at War with Germany, September 1939 - May 1940".^ Among the issues leading to the war were British interception of neutral ships and blockades of the United States during British hostilities with France.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Entrance of the United States into the war was precipitated by Germany's submarine warfare against neutral shipping.
    • Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • George Hartley's Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2008 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC georgehartley.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There have been rumors that Britain and France may jointly build and operate one aircraft carrier.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .United States Navy and World War II.^ From the French perspective, the United States has often seemed to be a random factor in world politics.
    • Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany -- Project on Defense Alternatives 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ US Navy Code Words of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    Naval-History.net. .http://www.naval-history.net/WW2USN193909.htm.^ Chronology of the SBC Takeover.” At: http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/HowDominionistsTookOverSBCChronology.html The original site is at: http://www.mchorse.com/sbcchronology.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ William Rawle's "A View of the Constitution of the United States of America" is online at this site: http://www.constitution.org/wr/rawle-00.htm .
    • Southern Messenger � Constitution of the United States of America 15 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.southernmessenger.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Posted at: http://www.yuricareport.com/Art%20Essays/The%20New%20Messiahs%20Excerpts.htm .
    • Infiltrating the U.S. Military: Gen. Boykin's Kingdom Warriors 25 September 2009 5:53 UTC www.yuricareport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Retrieved 3 February 2007.
      (Chronology of the lead up of U.S. entry into World War II.)
  • "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America".^ Secretary, you made a reference to the Second World War, what led up to it, a, regarding Pearl Harbor, b, regarding the rise of Adolf Hitler.
    • UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ 2 February 2010 17:51 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ US Navy Abbreviations of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    ^ US Navy Code Words of World War II .
    • Online Publications and Documents 20 September 2009 22:12 UTC www.history.navy.mil [Source type: Reference]

    http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nss/2006/intro.html
    .