The Full Wiki

More info on United States O class submarine

United States O class submarine: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

USS O-1 (SS-62) in dry dock at Portsmouth Nary Yard, Sept 1918.
USS O-1 (SS-62) lead ship of her class in dry dock at Portsmouth Nary Yard in September 1918
Class overview
Operators: United States of America
Preceded by: N-class submarine
Succeeded by: R-class submarine
Completed: 16
Lost: 3
Retired: 16
General characteristics
Type: Submarine
Displacement: Group 1 :
520.6 long tons (529 t) surfaced
625 long tons (635 t) submerged
Group 2 :
491 long tons (499 t) surfaced
565 long tons (574 t) submerged
Length: Group 1 : 173 ft 4 in (52.83 m)
Group 2 : 175 ft (53 m)
Beam: Group 1 : 18 ft (5.5 m)
Group 2 : 16 ft 7 in (5.05 m)
Propulsion: Group 1 :
2 × 440 hp (328 kW) NELSECO diesel engines
2 × New York Navy Yard (O1-O5) or Electro Dynamic Co. 370 hp (276 kW) electric motors
Group 2 :
2 × 500 hp (373 kW) Busch Sulzer diesel engines
2 × Diehl Manufacture Co. 400 hp (298 kW) electric motors
Speed: Group 1 :
14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) submerged
Group 2 :
14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) submerged
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph) surfaced
250 nmi (460 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 29
Armament: • 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, 4 reloads
• 1 × 3 in (76 mm) deck gun

The United States Navy's O class submarines were created out of the lessons learned from the United States L class submarine. The O class were more robust with greater power and endurance for ocean patrols. The O class were built much faster than previous classes and were commissioned in 1918. The group 2 boats entered service just before the end of World War I. Eight of the group 1 boats survived to serve in World War II as training boats when they were recommissioned in 1941.

The class originally operated in the anti-submarine role off the USA's East Coast. Two of the boats, USS O-4 and USS O-6 came under fire from a British merchantman in the Atlantic on 24 July 1918. The steamer scored six hits on O-4's conning tower and pressure hull before her identity was discovered. O-4 suffered minor damage caused by shell splinters. USS O-3 to USS O-10 boats formed part of the twenty strong submarine force that left Newport, Rhode Island on 2 November 1918 for the Azores but the task force was recalled after the Armistice was signed nine days later.

Nine O type submarines from Submarine Division 8 at Boston, 1921

The second group of boats suffered from electrical problems. USS O-11 was immediately sent to the Philadelphia Navy Yard for a five month overhaul. USS O-13 was sunk in a collision with the patrol boat Mary Alice while she was submerged. USS O-15 also underwent a refit but was sent into reserve soon after before she went into service at Coco Solo in the Panama Canal Zone. This also involved another overhaul. USS O-16 also under went a refit soon after commissioning and later suffered a fire in her conning tower in December 1919. All of the group 2 boats were decommissioned in July 1924 and were scrapped in July 1930 under the terms of the London Naval Treaty. USS O-12 however was used in an Arctic expedition by Sir Hubert Wilkins and was renamed Nautilus. After being returned to the US Navy, she was sunk in a Norwegian fjord in November 1931.

The first group served well although USS O-5 was rammed by a cargo ship and sunk near the Panama Canal with the loss of three crew members. All of the group 1 boats were recommissioned in 1941 to serve as training boats based at New London, Connecticut. The remaining boats were taken out of service four months later except for USS O-9 which sank in deep submergence trials in June 1941. Thirty three of her crew were lost.

Boats in class

Group 1

Group 2

See also

References

  • Submarines, War Beneath the Waves, from 1776 to the Present Day, By Robert Hutchinson.
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message