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United States
Secretary of Commerce
US-DeptOfCommerce-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Gary Locke

since March 26, 2009[1]
Formation March 15, 1913
Succession 10th
Website www.commerce.gov
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce concerned with business and industry; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce."[2] Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[3]

The Office of the Secretary contains a Deputy Secretary of Commerce, a Chief of Staff, a Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy, an Assistant Secretary for Commerce and Intergovernmental Affairs, a Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Administration, a Chief Information Officer, a General Counsel, an Inspector General, an Office of Business Liaison, an Office of Policy and Strategic Planning, an Office of Public Affairs, an Office of White House Liaison, and an International IPR Enforcement Coordinator.[4]

The current Secretary of Commerce is former Washington Governor Gary Locke, who was nominated for the post by President Barack Obama on February 25, 2009, and was confirmed by the United States Senate by unanimous consent on March 24, 2009.[5]

Locke is President Obama's third choice for the post following New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, who dropped out of consideration in early January 2009, and Republican Senator Judd Gregg from New Hampshire, who withdrew his nomination in February 2009.

Locke is the first Chinese American Secretary of Commerce, and the third Asian American in Obama's cabinet, joining Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Veteran Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki, the most of any administration in United States history.

Prior to Locke's confirmation, the most-recent Senate confirmed Commerce Secretary was Carlos Gutierrez, whose January 20, 2009, resignation coincided with the end of President George W. Bush's administration.

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[6]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
  9. Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

Contents

List of Secretaries of Commerce

     Denotes acting Commerce Secretary

No. Picture Secretary State of residence Start of Term End of Term President(s)
1 WilliamCoxRedfield.jpg William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 JoshuaWillisAlexander.jpg Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 HerbertHoover.jpg Herbert Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4 WilliamFairfieldWhiting.jpg William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
5 RobertPattersonLamont.jpg Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert Hoover
6 RobertDikemanChapin.jpg Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 Daniel Calhoun Roper pers0178.jpg Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin Roosevelt
8 Harry Lloyd Hopkins.jpg Harry Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 Jesse Holman Jones pers0174.jpg Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend.jpeg Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946 Franklin Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
11 William Averell Harriman.jpg W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948 Harry S. Truman
12 CharlesSawyer.jpg Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 CharlesSinclairWeeks.jpg Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss pers0164.jpg Lewis Strauss
(Acting Secretary)
November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 Frederick Henry Mueller pers0162.jpg Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 Luther Hartwell Hodges.jpg Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon Johnson
16 JohnThomasConnor.jpg John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967 Lyndon Johnson
17 AlexanderBuelTrowbridge.jpg Alexander Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 CyrusRowlettSmith.jpg C. R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 Maurice Stans.jpg Maurice Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 PeterGeorgePeterson.jpg Peter Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 FrederickBailyDent.jpg Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975 Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
22 RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg Rogers Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976 Gerald Ford
23 ElliotLeeRichardson.jpg Elliot Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 Kreps-juanita-morris.png Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
- Luther H. Hodges, Jr (Acting) October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 PhilipMorrisKlutznick.jpg Philip Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 19, 1981
26 Malcolm Baldridge pers0138.jpg Howard M. Baldrige, Jr. Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
- Clarence J. Brown Jr. (Acting) Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 CalvinWilliamVerity.jpg William Verity, Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 RobertAdamMosbacher.jpg Robert Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
- Rockwell A. Schnabel (Acting) January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 BarbaraHackmanFranklin.jpg Barbara Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 RonBrownUS.JPG Ron Brown New York January 22, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
31 MichaelKantor.jpg Mickey Kantor California April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 DaleyWilliam.jpg William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
- MallettRobert.jpg Robert L. Mallett (Acting) July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 NormanYoshioMineta.jpg Norman Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 19, 2001
34 Donald Evans.jpg Donald Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 Carlos Gutierrez official portrait.jpg Carlos Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
- WolffOtto-c.jpg Otto Wolff (Acting) January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36 Gary Locke official portrait.jpg Gary Locke Washington March 26, 2009 Present

Source:[7]

Living former Secretaries of Commerce

See also

References

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
10th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor
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Simple English

United States Secretary of Commerce of
Incumbent
Carlos Gutierrez

since February 7, 2005
Formation March 15, 1913
Succession Tenth
Website www.commerce.gov

The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce concerned with business and industry; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce."[1] Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[2]

List of Secretaries of Commerce[3]

No. Picture Secretary Start of Term End of Term President(s)
1 [[File:|center|100px]] William Cox Redfield March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 [[File:|center|100px]] Joshua Willis Alexander December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
3 [[File:|center|100px]] Herbert Clark Hoover March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
4 [[File:|center|100px]] William Fairfield Whiting August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
5 [[File:|center|100px]] Robert Patterson Lamont March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert Hoover
6 [[File:|center|100px]] Roy Dikeman Chapin August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933 Herbert Hoover
7 Daniel Calhoun Roper March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
8 Harry Lloyd Hopkins December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
9 Jesse Holman Jones September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
10 [[File:|center|100px]] Henry Agard Wallace March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946 Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
11 William Averell Harriman October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948 Harry S. Truman
12 [[File:|center|100px]] Charles W. Sawyer May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman
13 [[File:|center|100px]] Charles Sinclair Weeks January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss (Acting Secretary) 1958 1959 Dwight D. Eisenhower
14 Frederick Henry Mueller August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
15 Luther Hartwell Hodges January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
16 [[File:|center|100px]] John Thomas Connor January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967 Lyndon Johnson
17 [[File:|center|100px]] Alexander Buel Trowbridge June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968 Lyndon Johnson
18 [[File:|center|100px]] Cyrus Rowlett Smith March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969 Lyndon Johnson
19 Maurice Hubert Stans January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 [[File:|center|100px]] Peter George Peterson February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973 Richard Nixon
21 [[File:|center|100px]] Frederick Baily Dent February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
22 [[File:|center|100px]] Rogers Clark Ballard Morton May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976 Gerald Ford
23 [[File:|center|100px]] Elliot Lee Richardson February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
24 [[File:|center|100px]] Juanita Morris Kreps January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
25 [[File:|center|100px]] Philip Morris Klutznick January 9, 1980 January 19, 1981 Jimmy Carter
26 Howard Malcolm Baldrige, Jr. January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
27 [[File:|center|100px]] Calvin William Verity, Jr. October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989 Ronald Reagan
28 [[File:|center|100px]] Robert Adam Mosbacher January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
29 [[File:|center|100px]] Barbara Hackman Franklin February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
30 [[File:|center|100px]] Ronald Harmon Brown January 22, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
31 [[File:|center|100px]] Michael Kantor April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997 Bill Clinton
32 [[File:|center|100px]] William Michael Daley January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000 Bill Clinton
33 [[File:|center|100px]] Norman Yoshio Mineta July 21, 2000 January 19, 2001 Bill Clinton
34 Donald Louis Evans January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 Carlos Miguel Gutierrez February 7, 2005 present George W. Bush

Footnote: Under Secretary of Commerce Luther H. Hodges Jr served as Interim Secretary of Commerce October 31, 1979 to January 9, 1980.
From 25 July 1987 to 19 October 1987, Clarence J. Brown Jr. was Acting Secretary of Commerce.

References


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