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United States Secretary of Energy: Wikis

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United States
Secretary of Energy
US-DeptOfEnergy-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Steven Chu

since January 21, 2009
Formation August 6, 1977
Succession Fifteenth
Website www.doe.gov

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977, by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

The first Secretary of Energy was former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger, a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger was also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post.[3] Bill Clinton's first Secretary of Energy, Hazel R. O'Leary, was the longest to hold the position, as well as its first female and African-American holder.[4] Clinton also named Federico Peña to the post, the first Hispanic to hold the position.[5] Bill Richardson, who succeeded Peña, was the second Hispanic to hold the position and later became Governor of New Mexico.[6] On January 20, 2009, Steven Chu became the first Asian American to hold the position, serving under the administration of Barack Obama.[7]

Contents

Secretaries of Energy

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office Party President served under
1 James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg Schlesinger, JamesJames Schlesinger Virginia 01977-08-06 August 6, 1977 01979-08-06 August 6, 1979 Republican Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter
2 Secretary duncan.jpg Duncan, CharlesCharles Duncan Texas 01979-08-24 August 24, 1979 01981-01-20 January 20, 1981 Democratic Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter
3 James B. Edwards.jpg Edwards, JamesJames Edwards South Carolina 01981-01-23 January 23, 1981 01982-11-05 November 5, 1982 Republican Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
4 Donald hodel.JPG Hodel, DonaldDonald Hodel Oregon 01982-11-05 November 5, 1982 01985-02-07 February 7, 1985 Republican Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
5 John S. Herrington.jpg Herrington, JohnJohn Herrington California 01985-02-07 February 7, 1985 01989-01-20 January 20, 1989 Republican Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
6 Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG Watkins, JamesJames Watkins California 01989-03-01 March 1, 1989 01993-01-20 January 20, 1993 Republican Bush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel O'Leary.jpg O'Leary, HazelHazel O'Leary Minnesota 01993-01-22 January 22, 1993 01997-01-20 January 20, 1997 Democratic Clinton, BillBill Clinton
8 Federico pena.jpg Peña, FedericoFederico Peña Colorado 01997-03-12 March 12, 1997 01998-06-30 June 30, 1998 Democratic Clinton, BillBill Clinton
9 Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.png Richardson, BillBill Richardson New Mexico 01998-08-18 August 18, 1998 02001-01-20 January 20, 2001 Democratic Clinton, BillBill Clinton
10 Spencer Abraham.jpg Abraham, SpencerSpencer Abraham Michigan 02001-01-20 January 20, 2001 02005-02-01 February 1, 2005 Republican Bush, George W.George W. Bush
11 Samuel Bodman.jpg Bodman, SamuelSamuel Bodman Illinois 02005-02-01 February 1, 2005 02009-01-20 January 20, 2009 Republican Bush, George W.George W. Bush
12 Steven Chu official DOE portrait.jpg Chu, StevenSteven Chu 02009-01-20 January 20, 2009 present Democratic Obama, BarackBarack Obama

Related developments

President Barack Obama established a new position in the White House, the Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, and selected Carol Browner for the new post. Browner is a former administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is currently a principal of the Albright Group LLC, a firm that provides strategic advice to companies.[8]

See also

References

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Transportation
15th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Education
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Simple English

Unites States Secretary of Energy of
Incumbent
Samuel Bodman

since February 1, 2005
Formation August 6, 1977
Succession Fifteenth
Website www.doe.gov

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

List of Secretaries of Energy

to hold the position]]
# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office President served under
1 James R. Schlesinger N/A August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
2 Charles W. Duncan, Jr. N/A August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
3 James B. Edwards January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
4 Donald Paul Hodel N/A November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 Ronald Reagan
5 John S. Herrington N/A February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 Ronald Reagan
6 James D. Watkins N/A March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel R. O'Leary N/A January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
8 Federico Peña N/A March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 Bill Clinton
9 Bill Richardson N/A August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
10 Spencer Abraham N/A January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 George W. Bush
11 Samuel W. Bodman N/A February 1, 2005 Present George W. Bush

References


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