United States Secretary of Health and Human Services: Wikis

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United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Kathleen Sebelius

since April 28, 2009
Formation August 3, 1979
Succession Twelfth
Website http://www.hhs.gov/

The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The office was formerly Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

In 1979, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services, and its education functions transferred to the new Department of Education. Patricia Roberts Harris headed the department before and after it was renamed.

Nominations to the office of Secretary of HHS are referred to the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and the Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid, before confirmation is considered by the full United States Senate.

Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius was sworn in as Secretary of Health and Human Services by the United States Senate on April 29, 2009.[1]

Contents

Duties

The duties of the secretary revolve around human conditions and concerns in the United States. This includes advising the President on matters of health, welfare, and income security programs. It strives to administer the department of Health and Human Services to carry out approved programs and make the public aware of the objectives of the department.[2]

After the attacks of 9/11 and the subsequent anthrax attacks, the position has held a unique significance in the War on Terrorism. Upon his departure, then-Secretary Tommy Thompson remarked "I, for the life of me, cannot understand why the terrorists have not attacked our food supply, because it is so easy to do..." Scholars concur, arguing that an attack on food (particularly milk) could affect approximately 100,000 people.[3]

Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare

No. Name Portrait State of residence Took Office Left Office President served under
1 Oveta Culp Hobby Hobby-Oveta-Culp.jpg Texas April 11, 1953 July 31, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
2 Marion B. Folsom Folsom.jpg New York August 2, 1955 July 31, 1958
3 Arthur S. Flemming ArthurSFlemming.jpg Ohio August 1, 1958 January 19, 1961
4 Abraham A. Ribicoff Abraham ribicoff.jpg Connecticut January 21, 1961 July 13, 1962 John F. Kennedy
5 Anthony J. Celebrezze Celebrezze-campaign.jpg Ohio July 31, 1962 August 17, 1965
Lyndon Johnson
6 John W. Gardner JohnGardnerWHF.jpg New York August 18, 1965 March 1, 1968
7 Wilbur J. Cohen Cohenlife2.jpg Maryland May 16, 1968 January 20, 1969
8 Robert Finch RobertHFinch.jpg California January 21, 1969 June 23, 1970 Richard Nixon
9 Elliot Richardson ElliotLeeRichardson.jpg Massachusetts June 24, 1970 January 29, 1973
10 Caspar Weinberger Caspar Weinberger official photo.jpg California February 12, 1973 August 8, 1975
Gerald Ford
11 David Mathews F. David Mathews .jpg Alabama August 8, 1975 January 20, 1977
12 Joseph Califano JAC AR 2007.jpg Washington, D.C. January 25, 1977 August 3, 1979 Jimmy Carter
13 Patricia R. Harris Patricia R. Harris.jpg Washington, D.C. August 3, 1979 January 20, 1981[4]
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Secretaries of Health and Human Services

No. Name Portrait State of residence Took Office Left Office President served under
13 Patricia R. Harris Patricia R. Harris.jpg Washington, D.C. August 3, 1979[4] January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
14 Richard Schweiker RichardSchweiker.jpg Pennsylvania January 22, 1981 February 3, 1983 Ronald Reagan
15 Margaret Heckler Mmheckler.JPG Massachusetts March 9, 1983 December 13, 1985
16 Otis R. Bowen Doc-bowen.jpg Indiana December 13, 1985 January 20, 1989
17 Louis W. Sullivan SullivanLouis.jpg Georgia March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
18 Donna Shalala Shalala portrait.jpg Wisconsin January 22, 1993 January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
19 Tommy Thompson Tommy Thompson 1.jpg Wisconsin February 2, 2001 January 26, 2005 George W. Bush
20 Mike Leavitt Mike Leavitt.jpg Utah January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009
21 Kathleen Sebelius Kathleen Sebelius official portrait.jpg Kansas April 28, 2009 Present Barack Obama

Living former secretaries

Health, Education, and Welfare

Health and Human Services

References

  1. ^ United States Department of Health and Human Services-Secretary Kathleen Sebelius
  2. ^ "The President's Cabinet". Ben's Guide. 2007-02-01. http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/government/national/cabinet.html. Retrieved 2007-11-15.  
  3. ^ Cox, Simon (2006-08-22). "US food supply 'vulnerable to attack'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/5274022.stm. Retrieved 2007-11-15.  
  4. ^ a b Harris was Secretary on May 4, 1980, when the office changed names from Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to Secretary of Health and Human Services. Because the department merely changed names, she did not need to be confirmed again, and her term continued uninterrupted.

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Labor
12th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Simple English

United States Secretary
of Health and Human Services of
Incumbent
Mike Leavitt

since January 26, 2005
Formation August 3, 1979
Succession Twelfth
Website (optional)

The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Chronological list

No. Name Portrait Took Office Left Office President served under Notable for
1 Patricia Roberts Harris N/A August 3 1979 January 20 1981 Jimmy Carter The first Secretary of Health and Human Services and first African-American woman to hold a cabinet position
2 Richard Schultz Schweiker [[File:|100px]] January 22 1981 February 3 1983 Ronald Reagan
3 Margaret Mary O'Shaughnessy Heckler [[File:|100px]] March 9 1983 December 13 1985 Ronald Reagan
4 Otis Ray Bowen [[File:|100px]] December 13 1985 January 20 1989 Ronald Reagan The first physician to become Secretary of Health and Human Services
5 Louis Wade Sullivan March 1 1989 January 20 1993 George H. W. Bush
6 Donna Edna Shalala File:Shalala January 22 1993 January 20 2001 Bill Clinton
7 Tommy George Thompson File:Tommy Thompson February 2 2001 January 26 2005 George W. Bush The first Secretary of Health and Human Services since the beginning of the War on Terrorism
8 Michael Okerlund Leavitt File:Mike January 26 2005 Present George W. Bush


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