United States Secretary of the Interior: Wikis

  
  

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United States
Secretary of the Interior
US-DeptOfTheInterior-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Ken Salazar

since January 20, 2009
Formation March 3, 1849
Succession Eighth
Website www.doi.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior.

The US Department of the Interior should not be confused with the concept of Ministries of the Interior as used in other countries. Ministries of the Interior correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the US cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States,[1] the Secretary of the Interior typically comes from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

The current Secretary of the Interior under Barack Obama's administration is former Senator Ken Salazar of Colorado.

Contents

Secretaries of the Interior

# Picture Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s) served under
1 ThomasEwingSr.jpg Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
2 TMTMcK.jpg Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850 Millard Fillmore
3 AxHHStuart.jpg Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert Mc.jpg Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 JThomps.jpg Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 CBSmith.jpg Caleb Blood Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher.jpg John Palmer Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
8 James-Harlan.jpg James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg Orville Hickman Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869
10 Jacob Dolson Cox.jpg Jacob Dolson Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 CDelano.jpg Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 Zachariah Chandler - Brady-Handy.jpg Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 Carl-Schurz.jpg Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel Jordan Kirkwood.jpg Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
15 Teller.jpg Henry Moore Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
16 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II - Brady-Handy.jpg Lucius Q.C. Lamar Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 Vilas2.jpg William Freeman Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 Interior-Noble.gif John Willock Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 MHokeS.jpg M. Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 DRFrancis.jpg David Rowland Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 Cornelius Newton Bliss.jpg Cornelius Newton Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 EAHitchcock-SecInterior.jpg Ethan Allen Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
23 JRGarfield.jpg James Rudolph Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
24 RABallinger.jpg Richard Achilles Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter.L.Fisher.jpg Walter Lowrie Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 Frank-Lane2.jpg Franklin Knight Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
27 Judge-JBPayne2.jpg John Barton Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 Albert B. Fall.jpg Albert Bacon Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 HWork-SecofInter2.jpg Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
30 RoyOWest.jpg Roy Owen West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
31 RayLymanWilbur.gif Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Ickes.gif Harold LeClair Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
33 Julius A Krug.png Julius Albert Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949 Harry S. Truman
34 Oscar Littleton Chapman.png Oscar Littleton Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 Douglas McKay.png Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
36 Seaton.gif Fred Andrew Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 Udall.gif Stewart Lee Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
38 Hickel.gif Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
39 RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg Rogers Clark Ballard Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
40 Stanley K Hathaway.png Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975 Gerald Ford
41 Thomas S Kleppe.gif Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
42 Cecil D Andrus.png Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
43 James g watt.png James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
44 William patrick clark.png William Patrick Clark California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 Donald hodel.JPG Donald Paul Hodel Oregon February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
46 Lujan manuel.jpg Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
47 Bruce babbitt.jpg Bruce Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
48 Gale Norton.jpeg Gale Ann Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006 George W. Bush
49 Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, 2006.jpg Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 20, 2009
50 Ken Salazar official DOI portrait crop.jpg Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009 Present Barack Obama

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

See also

References

  1. ^ Salazar, Vilsack: The West’s New Land Lords

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Attorney General
8th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Agriculture

Simple English

United States
Secretary of the Interior of
Incumbent
Ken Salazar

since February 20, 2009
Formation March 8, 1849
Succession Eighth
Website www.doi.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The Secretary typically comes from a western state; only one of the last 16 Secretaries is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

Secretaries of the Interior

# Picture Name State of Residence Term of Office President(s) served under
1 Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850August 26, 1850 Millard Fillmore
3 Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850March 7, 1853 Millard Fillmore
4 Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 Caleb Blood Smith Indiana March 5, 1861December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher Indiana January 1, 1863May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
8 James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning Illinois September 1, 1866March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 Jacob Dolson Cox Ohio March 5, 1869October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870September 30, 1875 Ulysses S. Grant
12 Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875March 11, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
13 Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
15 Henry Moore Teller Colorado April 18, 1882March 3, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
16 Lucius Q.C. Lamar Mississippi March 6, 1885January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 William Freeman Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
18 John Willock Noble Missouri March 7, 1889March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 M. Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 David Rowland Francis Missouri September 3, 1896March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
21 Cornelius Newton Bliss New York March 6, 1897February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 Ethan Allen Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899March 4, 1907 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
23 James Rudolph Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907March 5, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
24 Richard Achilles Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter Lowrie Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft
26 Franklin Knight Lane California March 6, 1913February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
27 John Barton Payne Illinois March 15, 1920March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
28 Albert Bacon Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923July 24, 1928 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
30 Roy Owen West Illinois July 25, 1928March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
31 Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Harold LeClair Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
33 Julius Albert Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946December 1, 1949 Harry S. Truman
34 Oscar Littleton Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman
35 Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
36 Fred Andrew Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
37 Stewart Lee Udall Arizona January 21, 1961January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
38 File:Hickel.gif Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
39 [[File:|75px]] Rogers Clark Ballard Morton Maryland January 29, 1971April 30, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
40 File:Stanley K Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975October 9, 1975 Gerald Ford
41 File:Thomas S Kleppe.gif Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
42 File:Cecil D Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
43 File:James g James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
44 File:William patrick William Patrick Clark California November 18, 1983February 7, 1985 Ronald Reagan
45 File:Donald Donald Paul Hodel Oregon February 8, 1985January 20, 1989 Ronald Reagan
46 File:Lujan Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
47 File:Bruce Bruce Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
48 File:Gale Gale Ann Norton Colorado January 31, 2001March 31, 2006 George W. Bush
49 File:Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 26, 2006-January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
50 File:Ken Salazar official DOI Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009- Barack Obama







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