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United States Senate elections, 1954: Wikis

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1952 United States 1956
United States Senate elections, 1954
38 seats in the United States Senate
November 2, 1954
Majority party Minority party
Lbj2.jpg William F. Knowland headshot.jpg
Leader Lyndon Johnson Bill Knowland
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas California
Last election 47 seats 49 seats
Seats won 49 47
Seat change +2 -2
Us senate result 1954.PNG
     Republican holds

     Republican pickups      Democratic holds      Democratic pickups

Incumbent Majority Leader
Bill Knowland
Republican

Majority Leader-elect
Lyndon Johnson
Democratic

The U.S. Senate election of 1954 was a midterm election in the first term of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. Eisenhower's Republican party lost a net of two seats to the Democratic opposition. This small change was enough to give Democrats control of the chamber until 1980.

Democrats defeated incumbents John S. Cooper (R-KY), Homer Ferguson (R-MI), Ernest S. Brown (R-NV), and Guy Cordon (R-OR), and took an open seat in Wyoming. Republicans took the seats of incumbents Guy M. Gillette (D-IA) and Thomas A. Burke (D-OH), and took an open seat in Colorado.

Senate contests in 1954

State Incumbent Party Status Opposing Candidates
Alabama John Sparkman Democrat Re-elected, 82.5 - 17.5 J. Foy Guin, Jr. (Republican)
Arkansas John L. McClellan Democrat Re-elected, unopposed
California1 Thomas H. Kuchel Republican Re-elected, 53.2 - 45.5 Samuel W. Yorty (Democrat)
Colorado Edwin C. Johnson Democrat Retired: Republican victory, 51.3 - 48.7 Gordon Allott (Republican)
John A. Carroll (Democrat)
Delaware J. Allen Frear, Jr. Democrat Re-elected, 56.9 - 43.1 Herbert B. Warburton (Republican)
Georgia Richard Russell, Jr. Democrat Re-elected, unopposed
Idaho Henry C. Dworshak Republican Re-elected, 62.8 - 37.2 Glen H. Taylor (Democrat)
Illinois Paul Douglas Democrat Re-elected, 53.6 - 46.4 Joseph T. Meek (Republican)
Iowa Guy M. Gillette Democrat Defeated, 52.2 - 47.5 Thomas E. Martin (Republican)
Kansas Andrew F. Schoeppel Republican Re-elected, 56.3 - 41.8 George McGill (Democrat)
Kentucky John S. Cooper Republican Defeated, 54.5 - 45.5 Alben W. Barkley (Democrat)
Louisiana Allen J. Ellender Democrat Re-elected, unopposed
Maine Margaret C. Smith Republican Re-elected, 58.6 - 41.4 Paul A. Fullam (Democrat)
Massachusetts Leverett Saltonstall Republican Re-elected, 50.5 - 49.0 Foster Furcolo (Democrat)
Michigan Homer Ferguson Republican Defeated, 50.8 - 48.9 Patrick V. McNamara (Democrat)
Minnesota Hubert Humphrey Democrat Re-elected, 56.4 - 42.1 Val Bjornson (Republican)
Mississippi James O. Eastland Democrat Re-elected, unopposed
Montana James E. Murray Democrat Re-elected, 50.4 - 49.6 Wesley A. D'Ewart (Republican)
Nebraska2 Samuel W. Reynolds Republican Retired: Republican victory, 60.9 - 39.1 Roman L. Hruska (Republican)
James F. Green (Democrat)
Nebraska Hazel H. Abel Republican Retired: Republican victory, 61.1 - 38.9 Carl T. Curtis (Republican)
Keith Neville (Democrat)
Nevada3 Ernest S. Brown Republican Defeated, 58.1 - 41.9 Alan Bible (Democrat)
New Hampshire Styles Bridges Republican Re-elected, 60.2 - 39.8 Gerard L. Morin (Democrat)
New Hampshire4 Robert W. Upton Republican Defeated in primary: Republican victory, 60.2 - 39.8 Norris Cotton (Republican)
Stanley J. Betley (Democrat)
New Jersey Robert C. Hendrickson Republican Retired: Republican victory, 48.7 - 48.5 Clifford P. Case (Republican)
Charles R. Howell (Democrat)
New Mexico Clinton P. Anderson Democrat Re-elected, 57.3 - 42.7 Edwin L. Mechem (Republican)
North Carolina Alton Asa Lennon Democrat Defeated in primary: Democratic victory, 65.9 - 34.1 William Kerr Scott (Democrat)
Paul C. West (Republican)
North Carolina5 Sam Ervin Democrat Re-elected, unopposed  
Ohio6 Thomas A. Burke Democrat Defeated, 50.1 - 49.9 George H. Bender (Republican)
Oklahoma Robert S. Kerr Democrat Re-elected, 55.8 - 43.7 Fred M. Mock (Republican)
Oregon Guy Cordon Republican Defeated, 50.2 - 49.8 Richard L. Neuberger (Democrat)
Rhode Island Theodore F. Green Democrat Re-elected, 59.3 - 40.7 Walter I. Sundlun (Republican)
South Carolina7 Charles E. Daniel Democrat Retired: Democratic victory, 63.1 - 36.8 Strom Thurmond (Democrat)
Edgar A. Brown (Democrat)
South Dakota Karl E. Mundt Republican Re-elected, 57.3 - 42.7 Kenneth Holum (Democrat)
Tennessee Estes Kefauver Democrat Re-elected, 70.0 - 30.0 Tom Wall (Republican)
Texas Lyndon B. Johnson Democrat Re-elected, 84.7 - 14.8 Carlos G. Watson (Republican)
Virginia A. Willis Robertson Democrat Re-elected, 79.9 - 10.7 - 9.4 Charles W. Lewis, Jr. (Independent)
Clarke T. Robb (Independent)
West Virginia Matthew M. Neely Democrat Re-elected, 54.8 - 45.2 Thomas Sweeney (Republican)
Wyoming Edward D. Crippa Republican Retired: Democratic victory, 51.5 - 48.5 Joseph C. O'Mahoney (Democrat)
William H. Harrison (Republican)

1 special election held due to election of Richard M. Nixon (R-CA) to the office of Vice President in 1952

2 special election held due to death of Hugh Butler (R-NE)

3 special election held due to death of Patrick A. McCarran (D-NV)

4 special election held due to death of Charles W. Tobey (R-NH)

5 special election held due to death of Clyde Roark Hoey (D-NC)

6 special election held due to death of Robert A. Taft (R-OH)

7 Daniel had been appointed September 6, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Burnet R. Maybank (D-SC).

Senate composition before and after elections

83rd Congress Senate Composition   84th Congress Senate Composition
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
Color Key:   = Republican   = Democratic   = Independent

See also

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