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United States Tenth Fleet
10thFleet.jpg
Tenth Fleet emblem
Active January 29, 2010-current
Country United States of America
Type Fleet
Garrison/HQ Fort Meade, Maryland
Commanders
Current
commander
Vice Admiral Bernard J. McCullough[1]

The Tenth Fleet is a functional formation of the United States Navy. It was first created as an anti submarine warfare coordinating organization during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War. It has been reactivated as Fleet Cyber Command.

Contents

History

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World War II

Tenth Fleet's mission included the destruction of enemy submarines, the protection of coastal merchant shipping, the centralization of control and routing of convoys, and the coordination and supervision of all USN anti-submarine warfare (ASW) training, anti-submarine intelligence, and coordination with the Allied nations. The fleet was active from May 1943 to June 1945.[2] Tenth Fleet used Commander-in-Chief Atlantic's ships operationally; CinCLANT issued operational orders to escort groups originating in the United States. The Fleet was also responsible for the organization and operational control of hunter-killer groups. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Ernest King was the fleet's commander, with Rear Admiral F.S. Low, King's assistant chief of staff for ASW, as fleet chief of staff, Admiral Low was later relieved by RADM Allan Rockwell McCann, who remained in command of 10th Fleet until it was deactivated. Tenth Fleet never put to sea, had no ships, and never had more than about 50 people in its organization. The fleet was disbanded after the surrender of Germany.

U.S. Fleet Cyber Command

Fleet Cyber Command emblem

Tenth Fleet was reactivated January 29, 2010 as U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. Tenth Fleet at Fort Meade, Maryland.[3] Its commander is Vice Admiral Bernard J. McCullough III.[4] The command has both joint and service responsibilities. The split name alludes to these dual responsibilities.

As Fleet Cyber Command, it is the Naval component to U.S. Cyber Command, the expected sub-unified cyber commander. As U.S. Tenth Fleet, the command provides operational support to Navy commanders worldwide, supporting information, computer, electronic warfare and space operations. In addition to joint and service reporting, the command also serves as the Navy's cryptologic commander, reporting to the Central Security Service.[5] Tenth Fleet has operational control over Navy information, computer, cryptologic, and space forces.

References

  1. ^ Bernard J. McCullough III Biography
  2. ^ Sean M. Maloney, 'To Secure Command of the Sea: NATO Command Organization and Naval Planning for the Cold War at Sea, 1945-54,' MA thesis, University of New Brunswick, 1991, p.58, 60, 61
  3. ^ Navy Stands Up Fleet Cyber Command, Reestablishes U.S. 10th Fleet, NNS100129-24
  4. ^ DOD News Release 827-09
  5. ^ United States Navy, Chief of Naval Operations (July 23, 2009), Fleet Cyber Command/Commander Tenth Fleet Implementation Plan, (Memorandum), http://blog.usni.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/FLTCYBERCOM-10th-FLT-Implementation-Plan1.pdf, retrieved 2009-11-18 

Further Reading

  • Ladislas Farago, The Tenth Fleet: The True Story of the U.S. Navy's "Phantom" Fleet Battling U-Boats During World War II New York: I. Obolensky (1962) LCCN 62-782
  • David Kohnen, Commanders Winn and Knowles: Winning the U-boat War with Intelligence (Enigma Press, 1999).
  • David Kohnen, “Tombstone of Victory: Tracking the U-505 From German Commerce Raider to American War Memorial, 1944-1954” in The Journal of America’s Military Past (Winter, 2007).
  • David Kohnen, “F-21 and F-211: A Fresh Look into the Secret Room” in Randy C. Bolano and Craig L. Symonds, ed., New Interpretations in Naval History: Selected Papers from the Fourteenth Naval History Symposium (Naval Institute Press, 2001).

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