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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flag of ambassadors of the United States

This article contains several lists of Ambassadors from the United States. There are also individual articles listing the holders of many of the ambassadorial offices, for which see Category:Lists of United States ambassadors.

The incumbents change from time to time; sometimes a post starts or stops being temporarily headed by a lower ranking diplomat. Occasionally, a post is created or abolished.

Ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. As embassies fall within the Department of State, Ambassadors answer to the Secretary of State. As with Cabinet members and other Presidential appointments in the Executive Branch, it is customary for new Presidents to replace most Ambassadors.

Contents

Current U.S. Ambassadors

Host country (common names) Ref U.S. Ambassador Embassy
Website
Date Confirmed
Abkhazia[1]
Afghanistan Ref Lt. General Karl Eikenberry Kabul April 2009
Albania Ref John L. Withers, II Tirana June 2007
Algeria Ref David D. Pearce Algiers August 2007
Andorra[2] Ref Alan Solomont Barcelona December 2009
Angola Ref Dan Mozena Luanda October 2007
Antigua and Barbuda[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Argentina Ref Vilma S. Martinez Buenos Aires July 2009
Armenia Ref Marie L. Yovanovitch Yerevan August 2008
Australia Ref Jeff Bleich Canberra November 2009
Austria Ref William Eacho
Vienna July 2009
Azerbaijan Ref Baku
The Bahamas Ref Nicole Avant Nassau July 2009
Bahrain Ref J. Adam Ereli Manama June 2007
Bangladesh Ref James F. Moriarty Dhaka March 2009
Barbados[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Belarus Ref Vacant since March 12, 2008.[4]
Jonathan Moore, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Minsk
Belgium Ref Howard W. Gutman Brussels July 2009
Belize Ref Vinai K. Thummalapally Belmopan July 2009
Benin Ref James Knight Cotonou August 2009
Bhutan[5]
Bolivia Ref Vacant since September 10, 2008[6]
Krishna R. Urs, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
La Paz
Bosnia and Herzegovina Ref Charles L. English Sarajevo
Botswana Ref Stephen J. Nolan Gaborone
Brazil Ref Thomas A. Shannon, Jr. Brasilia December 2009
Brunei Ref William E. Todd Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria Ref James B. Warlick, Jr. Sofia December 2009
Burkina Faso Ref Gayleatha B. Brown Ouagadougou August 2009
Burma[7][8][9] Ref Vacant
Larry M. Dinger – Chargé d'Affaires
Rangoon
Burundi Ref Pamela Jo H. Slutz Bujumbura August 2009
Cambodia Ref Carol A. Rodley Phnom Penh
Cameroon Janet E. Garvey Yaoundé
Canada Ref David Jacobson Ottawa September 2009
Cape Verde Ref Marianne M. Myles Praia
Central African Republic Frederick B. Cook Bangui
Chad Ref Louis J. Nigro Ndjamena
Chile Ref Paul E. Simons Santiago
China Ref Jon Huntsman, Jr. Beijing August 2009
Colombia Ref William Brownfield Bogotá
Comoros[10] R. Niels Marquardt Antananarivo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Ref William J. Garvelink[11] Kinshasa
Republic of the Congo Ref Alan W. Eastham Brazzaville
Costa Rica Ref Anne Slaughter Andrew San José December 2009
Côte d'Ivoire Wanda L. Nesbitt Abidjan
Croatia Ref Robert Bradtke Zagreb July 2006
Cuba[12] Ref
Ref
Jonathan D. Farrar
Chief of Mission
Havana
Cyprus Ref Frank C. Urbancic, Jr. Nicosia
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[13]
Czech Republic Ref Vacant
Mary Thompson-Jones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Prague
Denmark Ref Laurie S. Fulton Copenhagen July 2009
Djibouti Ref James C. Swan Djibouti
Dominica[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Dominican Republic Ref Raul Yzaguirre (Nominee)
Roland W. Bullen, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Santo Domingo
East Timor (Timor-Leste) Hans G. Klemm Dili
Ecuador Ref Heather M. Hodges Quito
Egypt Ref Margaret Scobey Cairo March 2008
El Salvador Ref Mari Carmen Aponte (Nominee)
Robert Blau, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Ref Alberto M. Fernandez Malabo December 2009
Eritrea Ref Ronald K. McMullen Asmara
Estonia Ref Michael C. Polt Tallinn November 2009
Ethiopia Ref Donald E. Booth (Nominee) Addis Ababa
Fiji[14] C. Steven McGann Suva
Finland Ref Bruce J. Oreck Finland August 2009
France[15] Ref Charles Rivkin Paris July 2009
Gabon[16] Ref Eunice S. Reddick Libreville
The Gambia Ref Barry L. Wells Banjul
Georgia Ref John R. Bass Tbilisi August 2009
Germany Ref Philip D. Murphy Berlin August 2009
Ghana Ref Donald Teitelbaum Ghana
Greece Ref Daniel V. Speckhard Athens
Grenada[3] Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Guatemala Ref Stephen G. McFarland Guatemala
Guinea Ref Patricia N.Moller Conakry August 2009
Guinea-Bissau[17] Ref Marcia S. Bernicat Dakar
Guyana Ref John M. Jones Georgetown
Haiti Ref Kenneth H. Merten Port-au-Prince July 2009
Holy See Ref Miguel H. Díaz Vatican August 2009
Honduras Ref Hugo Llorens Tegucigalpa
Hungary Ref Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis Budapest December 2009
Iceland Ref Vacant
Sam Watson, Charge d'Affaires a.i.
Reykjavik
India Ref Timothy J. Roemer New Delhi July 2009
Indonesia Ref Cameron R. Hume Jakarta
Iran[18] Ref
Iraq Ref Christopher R. Hill Baghdad April 2009
Ireland Ref Dan Rooney Dublin June 2009
Israel Ref James B. Cunningham Tel Aviv
Italy[19] Ref David Thorne Rome July 2009
Jamaica Ref Vacant
James T. Heg, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Kingston
Japan Ref John Roos Tokyo August 2009
Jordan Ref Robert S. Beecroft Amman
Kazakhstan Ref Richard E. Hoagland Astana
Kenya Ref Michael E. Ranneberger Nairobi
Kiribati[14] C. Steven McGann Suva
North Korea[20]    
South Korea Ref Kathleen Stephens Seoul
Kosovo Ref Christopher William Dell Pristina July 2009
Kuwait Ref Deborah K. Jones Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Ref Tatiana C. Gfoeller Bishkek
Laos Ravic R. Huso Vientiane
Latvia Ref Judith Gail Garber Riga August 2009
Lebanon Ref Michele J. Sison Beirut
Lesotho Ref Robert B. Nolan Maseru
Liberia Ref Linda Thomas-Greenfield Monrovia
Libya Ref Gene A. Cretz[21] Tripoli
Liechtenstein[22] Ref Donald S. Beyer,Jr. Bern July 2009
Lithuania Ref Anne E. Derse Vilnius July 2009
Luxembourg Ref Cynthia Stroum Luxembourg November 2009
Macedonia Philip T. Reeker Skopje
Madagascar[10] Ref R. Niels Marquardt Antananarivo
Malawi Ref Peter W. Bodde Lilongwe
Malaysia Ref James Keith Kuala Lumpur
Maldives[23] Patricia A. Butenis Colombo August 2009
Mali Gillian A. Milovanovic Bamako
Malta Ref Douglas W. Kmiec Valletta August 2009
Marshall Islands Martha Campbell Majuro
Mauritania Mark Boulware Nouakchott
Mauritius[24] Mary Jo Wills Port Louis December 2009
Mexico Ref Carlos Pascual Mexico City August 2009
Micronesia Ref Peter Alan Prahar Kolonia November 2009
Moldova Asif J. Chaudhry Chisinau
Monaco[15][25] Charles H. Rivkin Paris July 2009
Mongolia Jonathan S. Addleton Ulaanbaatar August 2009
Montenegro Roderick W. Moore Podgorica
Morocco Ref Samuel L. Kaplan Rabat July 2009
Mozambique Ref Leslie V. Rowe Maputo December 2009
Myanmar (see Burma above)[7]
Namibia Ref Gail D. Mathieu Windhoek
Nauru[14] C. Steven McGann Suva
Nepal Scott H. DeLisi (Nominee)
Jeffrey Moon – Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Kathmandu
Netherlands Ref Fay Hartog-Levin The Hague August 2009
New Zealand[26] Ref David Huebner Wellington November 2009
Nicaragua Ref Robert J. Callahan Managua
Niger Ref Bernadette M. Allen Niamey
Nigeria Robin R. Sanders Abuja
Norway Ref Barry B. White Oslo September 2009
Oman Richard J. Schmierer Muscat July 2009
Pakistan Ref Anne W. Patterson Islamabad
Palau[27] None
Mark J. Bezner – Chargé d'Affaires
Koror
Panama Ref Barbara J. Stephenson Panama
Papua New Guinea[28] Teddy Bernard Taylor Port Moresby August 2009
Paraguay Ref Liliana Ayalde Asunción
Peru Ref P. Michael McKinley Lima
Philippines[27] Ref Kristie A. Kenney Manila
Poland Ref Lee A. Feinstein Warsaw September 2009
Portugal Ref Thomas F. Stephenson Lisbon
Qatar Ref Joseph E. LeBaron Doha
Romania Ref Mark H. Gitenstein Bucharest
Russia Ref John Beyrle Moscow June 2008
Rwanda Ref W. Stuart Symington Kigali
Saint Kitts and Nevis[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Saint Lucia[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[3] Ref Vacant
Brent Hardt, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bridgetown
Samoa[26] David Huebner Apia November 2009
San Marino[19] David H. Thorne Florence July 2009
São Tomé and Príncipe[16] Ref Eunice Reddick Libreville
Saudi Arabia Ref James B. Smith Riyadh August 2009
Senegal[17] Marcia S. Bernicat Dakar
Serbia Mary Warlick Belgrade December 2009
Seychelles[24] Mary Jo Wills Port Louis December 2009
Sierra Leone Vacant Freetown
Singapore Ref David Adelman (Nominee) Singapore
Slovakia Ref Theodore Sedgwick (Nominee)
Keith A. Eddins, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Bratislava
Slovenia Ref Thomas B. Robertson Ljubljana
Solomon Islands[28] Teddy Bernard Taylor Honiara August 2009
Somalia[29][30] Ref Virtual Presence Post
Michael Ranneberger, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya
Somalia
South Africa Ref Donald Gips Pretoria July 2009
South Ossetia[1]
Spain[2] Ref Alan Solomont Madrid December 2009
Sri Lanka[23] Patricia A. Butenis Colombo August 2009
Sudan[31] Ref Vacant Khartoum
Suriname Ref John R. Nay Paramaribo July 2009
Swaziland Ref Earl Michael Irving Mbabane July 2009
Sweden Ref Matthew Winthrop Barzun Stockholm August 2009
Switzerland[22] Ref Donald S. Beyer,Jr. Bern July 2009
Syria[32] Robert Stephen Ford (Nominee)
Charles F. Hunter, Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.
Damascus
Taiwan[33]
Tajikistan Tracey Ann Jacobson Dushanbe
Tanzania Ref Alfonso E. Lenhardt Dar es Salaam August 2009
Thailand Ref Eric G. John Bangkok
Togo Ref Patricia McMahon Hawkins Lomé
Tonga[14] C. Steven McGann Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Ref Beatrice Wilkinson Welters (Nominee)
Len Kusnitz, Chargé d’Affaires a.i.
Port of Spain
Tunisia Gordon Gray Tunis
Turkey James F. Jeffrey Ankara
Turkmenistan[34] Ref Vacant
Richard M. Miles – Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Ashgabat
Tuvalu[14] C. Steven McGann Suva
Uganda Jerry P. Lanier Kampala August 2009
Ukraine Ref John F. Tefft Kiev November 2009
United Arab Emirates Ref Richard G. Olson, Jr. Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom[35] Ref Louis Susman London July 2009
Uruguay Ref David D. Nelson Montevideo December 2009
Uzbekistan Ref Richard Norland Tashkent
Vanuatu[28] Teddy Bernard Taylor Port Vila August 2009
Venezuela Ref Vacant / Expelled (2008) [36]
John Caulfield, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Caracas
Vietnam Ref Michael W. Michalak Hanoi
Western Sahara[37]
Yemen Ref Stephen A. Seche Sana’a
Zambia Ref Donald E. Booth Lusaka
Zimbabwe Ref Charles A. Ray Harare August 2009

Notes

  1. ^ a b Abkhazia and South Ossetia are not recognized by the United Nations, the United States, nor any other countries aside from Russia, Nicaragua and Venezuela.
  2. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain—resident in Madrid—is also accredited to Andorra.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g One ambassador, accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, is resident at Bridgetown, Barbados.
  4. ^ Belarus requested the U.S. to recall its ambassador “temporarily” on March 8, 2008. Belarus also recalled its ambassador to the U.S. Sources: The New York Times, The Moscow Times, China Daily. The previous ambassador, Karen B. Stewart, has since been assigned another post within the State Department. Source: United States Dept. of State.
  5. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations with Bhutan.
  6. ^ Bolivia expelled the ambassador, Philip S. Goldberg and declared him persona non grata on September 10, 2008. Source: U.S. Dep’t of State, The Telegraph.
  7. ^ a b In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—do not accept the name and still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  8. ^ The US has not had an ambassador to Burma since 1990. A chargé d’affaires has been the head of mission since then.
  9. ^ President George H. W. Bush nominated Frederick Vreeland as ambassador, and President Clinton nominated Parker W. Borg, but the Senate declined to act on either nomination. Source: U.S. Dep’t of State: Ambassadors to Burma.
  10. ^ a b One ambassador—resident in Antananarivo—is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  11. ^ Embassy Website
  12. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations with Cuba. U.S. interests in Cuba are handled by the U.S. Interests section of the Embassy of Switzerland in Havana.
  13. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations, the United States, nor any other country aside from Turkey.
  14. ^ a b c d e One ambassador—resident at Suva—is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  15. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  16. ^ a b One ambassador—resident in Libreville—is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  17. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Dakar—is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  18. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations Iran. U.S. interests in Iran are handled by the U.S. Interests section of the Embassy of Switzerland in Tehran.
  19. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  20. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  21. ^ Cretz was sworn in as Ambassador to Libya on December 17, 2008. Source: U.S. Embassy in Tripoli: Ambassador’s page
  22. ^ a b One ambassador, resident in Berne, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  23. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Colombo—is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  24. ^ a b One ambassador is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles—resident in Port Louis, Mauritius.
  25. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors. The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  26. ^ a b One ambassador—resident in Wellington— is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  27. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident in Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. When ambassador Kristie A. Kenney was appointed as ambassador to the Philippines in 2005, she was commissioned only to that nation. Source: U.S. Dep’t of State: Ambassadors to Palau
  28. ^ a b c One ambassador—resident in Port Moresby—is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  29. ^ The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Keough Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  30. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". http://somalia.usvpp.gov/welcome.html. 
  31. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Michael Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  32. ^ Ambassador Margaret Scobey was recalled February 2005 in protest of Rafik Hariri assassination. Ref: U.S. Department of State press release, Background notes on Syria, BBC News. Ambassador Scobey has since been reassigned as the ambassador to Egypt.
  33. ^ The United States established relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979. Since then, relations between the US and Taiwan are carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan in Taipei.
  34. ^ The previous ambassador to Turkmenistan, Tracey Ann Jacobson is now commissioned to Tajikistan. A new ambassador to Turkmenistan has not yet been appointed. Source: United States Embassy in Ashgabat.
  35. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the “Ambassador to the Court of St. James’s.”
  36. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008 in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  37. ^ The United States does not recognize Western Sahara, nor does the US recognize Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.

Ambassadors to international organizations

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations

Host organization Location Ambassador
African Union Addis Ababa, Ethiopia John Simon
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Washington, D.C., United States Patricia Haslach
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Jakarta, Indonesia Scot Marciel
Conference on Disarmament Geneva, Switzerland Christina Rocca
European Union Brussels, Belgium William Kennard
International Civil Aviation Organization Montreal, Canada Edward W. Stimpson
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Brussels, Belgium Ivo Daalder
Organization of American States Washington, D.C., United States John Maisto
Organisation of the Islamic Conference Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Sada Cumber
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris, France Christopher Egan
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Vienna, Austria Julie Finley
United Nations New York, United States Susan Rice
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Paris, France Louise V. Oliver
United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi, Kenya Johnnie Carson
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Rome, Italy Tony P. Hall
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna Vienna, Austria Gregory Schulte
United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva Geneva, Switzerland Warren Tichenor
World Trade Organization Geneva, Switzerland Peter Allgeier

Ambassadors-at-large

Current ambassadors-at-large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:

Title (competence) Ambassador
Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues John Clint Williamson
Ambassador-at-Large for Counterterrorism Dailey, Dell L.

Ambassadors to past countries

Other senior diplomatic representatives

Other senior diplomatic representatives from the United States

Host country Ambassador Title
Bangladesh Judith Ann Chammas Chargé d'Affaires
Belgium Brenda B. Schoonover Chargé d'Affaires
Burkina Faso Cynthia Akuetteh Chargé d'Affaires
Ethiopia Vicki Huddleston Chargé d'Affaires
Haiti Timothy M. Carney Chargé d'Affaires
Hong Kong and Macau Joseph R. Donovan Jr. Consul General
Libya Gregory L. Berry Principal Officer
Mauritius Stephen M. Schwartz Chargé d'Affaires
Niger John W. Davison Chargé d'Affaires
Philippines Paul W. Jones Chargé d'Affaires
Senegal Robert P. Jackson Chargé d'Affaires
Sudan Cameron Hume Chargé d'Affaires
Sweden Stephen V. Noble Chargé d'Affaires
Taiwan Stephen Young Director of the Taipei office of the American Institute in Taiwan
Uganda William E. Fitzgerald Chargé d'Affaires
Uruguay James D. Nealon Chargé d'Affaires

Selected past ambassadors

Well-known past ambassadors from the United States

Ambassador Host country or organization
Charles Francis Adams United Kingdom
John Adams United Kingdom, Netherlands
John Quincy Adams United Kingdom, Russia, Netherlands, Germany
Madeleine K. Albright United Nations
William Anders Norway
Eugenie Anderson Denmark
Walter H. Annenberg United Kingdom
William Waldorf Astor Italy
Ebenezer Bassett Haiti
Shirley Temple Black Czechoslovakia, Ghana
L. Paul Bremer Netherlands
Carol Moseley Braun New Zealand
James Buchanan Russia, United Kingdom
Ellsworth Bunker South Vietnam
George H. W. Bush United Nations
George M. Dallas United Kingdom, Russia
Charles G. Dawes United Kingdom
Frederick Douglass Haiti
Lawrence Eagleburger Yugoslavia
John Eisenhower Belgium
Thomas S. Foley Japan
Benjamin Franklin France, Sweden
John Kenneth Galbraith India
Arthur Goldberg United Nations
Hannibal Hamlin Spain
W. Averell Harriman Soviet Union, United Kingdom
Pamela Harriman France
Patricia Roberts Harris Luxembourg
Richard Holbrooke United Nations, Germany
James Hormel Luxembourg
John Jay Spain
Thomas Jefferson France
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. United Kingdom
Alan Keyes United Nations Social and Economic Council
Jeane Kirkpatrick United Nations
Robert Todd Lincoln United Kingdom
Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. United Nations, Germany
Clare Boothe Luce Italy
Douglas MacArthur II Japan, Iran, Austria and Belgium
Michael J. Mansfield Japan
Graham Martin South Vietnam
George S. McGovern United Nations agencies in Rome
Andrew W. Mellon United Kingdom
Walter F. Mondale Japan
James Monroe France, United Kingdom
Gouverneur Morris France
Daniel Patrick Moynihan United Nations
John Negroponte Honduras, Iraq, Mexico, Philippines, United Nations
Charles C. Pinckney France, Spain
Elliot L. Richardson United Kingdom
Carl Rowan Finland
Donald Rumsfeld NATO
R. Sargent Shriver France
Raymond A. Spruance Philippines
Adlai E. Stevenson II United Nations
Martin Van Buren United Kingdom
Paul Wolfowitz Indonesia
Andrew Young United Nations

Nations Without Exchange of Ambassadors

Bhutan According to the United States Department of State, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations." Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.

Cuba Although the island country of Cuba is a close neighbor to the United States, the U.S. only interacts with Cuba via a U.S. Interests office at the Swiss Embassy in Havana and Washington D.C. The U.S. broke diplomatic relations with Cuba on January 3, 1961

Iran On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with theocratic Iran, and on April 24, 1981, the Swiss Government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran. Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the Government of Pakistan.

North Korea The communist dictatorship of North Korea is not on friendly terms with the U.S. and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors.

Republic of China (Taiwan) With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the U.S. does not maintain official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington D.C. and 12 other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by U.S. Foreign Service Officers formally "on leave".

See also

External links


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