United States casualties of war: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Military casualties suffered by the United States of America in war or deployments:

War or conflict Date Deaths Wounded Total dead
and wounded
Missing Sources/
notes
combat other total
American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 8,000 17,000 25,000 25,000 50,000 [a]
Quasi-War 1798–1800 20 20 42 62
Barbary Wars 1801–1815 35 35 65 100
Other actions against pirates 1800–1900 10 10 21 31
Northwest Indian War 1785–1795 1221+ 458 1679+ 3
War of 1812 1812–1815 2,260 ~17,000 ~20,000 4,505 ~25,000 [1]
First Seminole War 1817–1818 30 30
Black Hawk War 1832 60+
Second Seminole War 1835–1842 328 ~1,500
Mexican–American War 1846–1848 1,733 11,550 13,283 4,152 17,435 [2]
Third Seminole War 1855–1858 26 26
Civil War: total 1861–1865 212,938 ~625,000 [b]
Union 140,414 224,097 364,511 281,881 646,392
Confederate 72,524 ~260,000
Indian Wars 1865–1898 919 1,025 [2]
Korean expedition 1871 3 3 9 12 [3]
Spanish–American War 1898 385 2,061 2,446 1,622 4,068 [2]
Philippine–American War 1898–1913 1,020 3,176 4,196 2,930 7,126 [2]
Boxer Rebellion 1900–1901 37 37 204
Mexican Revolution 1914–1919 35+ 70
Occupation of Haiti 1915–1934 146 26+
World War I 1917–1918 53,402 63,114 116,516 204,002 320,518 3,350 [2][c]
Northern Russian Expedition 1918–1920 424 [4]
American Expeditionary Force Siberia 1918–1920 189
China 1918; 1921; 1926–1927; 1930; 1937 5 78 83 [5]
US occupation of Nicaragua 1927–1933 48 68 116 [5]
World War II 1941–1945 291,557 113,842 405,399 670,846 1,076,245 30,314 [2]See Note CA below
China Cold War 1945–1947 13 43 56 [5]
Berlin Blockade 1948–1949 31 [6]
Korean War 1950–1953 30,880 2806 15 92,134 128,650 4,759 Note: 4,759 MIA-See Note D below
Russia Cold War 1950–1955 32 12 44 [5]
China Cold War 1956 16 16 [5]
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 4 4 [7]
Vietnam War 1957–1973 47,424 10,785 58,209 153,303 211,454 2,489 [2][8]
Invasion of Dominican Republic 1965–1966 13 200 213 [5][9]
El Salvador Civil War 1980–1992 9 20 35 [citation needed]
Beirut deployment 1982–1984 256 266 169 [10]
Persian Gulf escorts 1987–1988 39 0 39 31
Invasion of Grenada 1983 18 1 19 119 [10]
Invasion of Panama 1989 23 40 324 [10]
Gulf War 1990–1991 149 151 300 467 0[11] [2]
Somalia 1992–1993 29 14 43 153 [10]
Haiti 1994–1995 1 4 3 [10]
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1995–2004 1 12 6 [12]
Kosovo 1999 1 19 20 2+ 22+ 0 [13]
Afghanistan 2001–present 687 268 955 4,829 5,784 [14][f]
Iraq War 2003–present 3,478 899 4,377 31,633 36,010 2 [14]

Contents

Wars ranked by total deaths

Rank War Years Deaths Deaths per Day Deaths per Population
1 American Civil War 1861–1865 625,000 599 1.988% (1860)
2 World War II 1941–1945 405,399 416 0.307% (1940)
3 World War I 1917–1918 116,516 279 0.110% (1920)
4 Vietnam War 1964–1973 58,151 26 0.03% (1970)
5 Korean War 1950–1953 36,516 45 0.02% (1950)
6 American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 25,000 11 0.899% (1780)
7 War of 1812 1812–1815 20,000 31 0.345% (1810)
8 Mexican–American War 1846–1848 13,283 29 0.057% (1850)
9 Iraq War 2003–present 4,382 2 0.001% (2009)
10 Philippine–American War 1899–1913 4,196 5 0.006% (1900)

"Deaths per day" are the total number of US military deaths, divided by the number of days between the dates of the commencement and end of hostilities, or until 25 February 2010 in the case of the Iraq War. "Deaths per population" are the total number of US military deaths, divided by the US population of the year indicated.

War Total American Fatalities[15] US Population in First Year of War[16]  % of population lost
American Revolutionary War 22,674 2,500,000 0.9070%
War of 1812 11,700 8,000,000 0.1463%
Mexican-American War 13,271 21,406,000 0.0620%
American Civil War (1860-1865) 618,000 31,443,000 1.9655%
Spanish-American War 5,385 72,129,000 0.0075%
Filipino Insurrection 4,196 72,129,000 0.0058%
World War I (1917-1918) 117,465 103,268,000 0.1137%
World War II (1941-1945) 418,500 133,402,000 0.3137%
Korean War (1950-1953) 36,516 151,325,000 0.0241%
Vietnam War 58,159 179,323,000 0.0324%
Gulf War (1991) 358 252,643,000 0.0001%
War in Afghanistan (2001–present) 933 278,059,000 0.0002%
Iraq War (2003 - present) 4,368 294,043,000 0.0014%
Total American deaths by war
American Civil War
  
625,000
World War II
  
405,399
World War I
  
116,516
Vietnam
  
58,151
Korean War
  
36,516
American Revolutionary War
  
25,000
War of 1812
  
20,000
Mexican American War
  
13,283
Iraq War*
  
4,377
Philippine-American War
  
4,196

Wars ranked by combat deaths

Rank War Years Deaths
1 World War II 1941–1945 291,557
2 American Civil War 1861–1865 212,938
3 World War I 1917–1918 53,402
4 Vietnam War 1964–1973 47,355
5 Korean War 1950–1953 33,746
6 American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 8,000
7 Iraq War 2003–present
2325 days
3,478
8 War of 1812 1812–1815 2,260
9 Mexican–American War 1846–1848 1,733
10 Northwest Indian War 1785–1795 1,221+

American combat deaths by war
World War II
  
291,557
American Civil War
  
212,938
World War I
  
53,402
Vietnam
  
47,355
Korean War
  
33,746
American Revolutionary War
  
8,000
Iraq War*
  
3,478
War of 1812
  
2,260
Mexican American War
  
1,733
Northwest Indian War
  
1,221+

Notes

a. ^ Revolutionary War: All figures from the Revolutionary War are rounded estimates. Commonly cited casualty figures provided by the Department of Defense are 4,435 killed and 6,188 wounded, although the original government report that generated these numbers warned that the totals were incomplete and far too low.[17] Nevertheless, the numbers are often repeated without this warning, such as on the United States Department of Veteran Affairs website.[18] In 1974, historian Howard Peckham and a team of researchers came up with a total of 6,824 killed in action and 8,445 wounded. Because of incomplete records, Peckham estimated that this new total number of killed in action was still about 1,000 too low.[19] Military historian John Shy subsequently estimated the total killed in action at 8,000, and argued that the number of wounded was probably far higher, about 25,000.[20] The "other" deaths are primarily from disease, including prisoners who died on British prison ships.

b. ^ Civil War: All Union casualty figures, and Confederate killed in action, from The Oxford Companion to American Military History.[2] Estimate of total Confederate dead from James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom (Oxford University Press, 1988), 854.

c. ^ World War I figures include expeditions in North Russia and Siberia. See also World War I casualties

ca.^ World War II Note the American Battle Monuments Commission datebase for the World War II reports that that in 18 ABMC Cemeteries total of 93,238 buried and 78,979 missing and that "The World War II database on this web site contains the names of those buried at our cemeteries, or listed as Missing in Action, buried or lost at sea. It does not contain the names of the 233,174 Americans returned to the United States for burial..." Similarly, the ABMC Records do not cover inter-War deaths such as the Port Chicago disaster in which 320 died.

d. ^ Korean War: Note:[2] gives Dead as 33,746 and Wounded as 103, 284 and MIA as 8,177. The POW/MIA gives the figures listed here: for example: The total "Battle Dead" of 33,686 is broken down into 23,637 KIA; 2,484 DOW: 4,759 MIA; 2,806 {POWS}. 2,830 are given as non-battle deaths; wounded 103,284 is given as the Number of incidences of wounded-including individual personnel wounded multiple times ;likewise 17,730 are listed separately as having died elsewhere Worldwide during Korean War. The American Battle Monuments Commission datebase for the Korean Conflict reports that "The Department of Defense reports that 54,246 American service men and women lost their lives during the Korean War. This includes all losses world wide. Since the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. honors all U.S. Military who lost their lives during the War, we have tried to obtain the names of those who died in other areas besides Korea during the period June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1954, one year after the Korean Armistice...". After their retreat in 1950, dead Marines and soldiers were buried at a temporary gravesite near Hungnam, North Korea. During "Operation Glory" which occurred from July to November 1954 the dead of each side were exchanged; remains of 4,167 US soldiers/Marines were exchanged for 13,528 North Korean/Chinese dead.[21] After "Operation Glory" 416 Korean War "unknowns" were buried in the Punchbowl Cemetery. According to a DPMO white paper [22] 1,394 names were also transmitted during "Operation Glory" from the Chinese and North Koreans {of whom 858 names proved to be correct}; of the 4,167 returned remains were found to be 4,219 individuals of whom 2,944 were found to be Americans of whom all but 416 were identified by name. Of 239 Korean War unaccounted for: 186 not associated with Punchbowl unknowns {176 were identified and of the remaining 10 cases 4 were non-Americans of Asiatic descent; one was British; 3 were identified and 2 cases unconfirmed}; Of 10 Korean War "Punchbowl Unknowns" 6 were identified. According to report of June 24, 2008 at [23]

  • Number of remains total unaccounted for: 8,055
  • Number of remains repatriated are: 489 of whom 100 are identified

da. ^ Cold War - Korea and Vietnam and Middle East-additional US Casualites:

  • North Korea {Cold War} 1959:1968-1969;1976;1984 killed 41; Wounded 5; 82 captured/released.[24]
  • USS Liberty incident 1967 killed 34; Wounded 173 by Israeli armed forces
  • Vietnam War prior to 1964-US Casualites were Laos-2 killed in 1954; and Vietnam 1946-1954 2 killed see [25];

e. ^ Iraq War. See also Casualties of the conflict in Iraq since 2003. Sources: [26].

f. ^ Afghanistan. Casualties include those that occurred in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen.

See also

References

  1. ^ The "other" deaths were primarily from disease. Donald R. Hickey, The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict (University of Illinois Press, 1989), 302–03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j John W. Chambers, II, ed. in chief, The Oxford Companion to American Military History. (Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-19-507198-0), 849.
  3. ^ Dispatch from Commodore John Rodgers to the Secretary of the Navy, Corea, June 23, 1871
  4. ^ Hudson, Miles (2004). Intervention in Russia 1918–1920: A Cautionary Tale. Pen and Sword. ISBN 1-84415-033-X.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Casualties: U. S. Navy and Marine Corps
  6. ^ The Berlin Blockade
  7. ^ The Bay of Pigs
  8. ^ page 7 of http://www.fas.org/press/_docs/RL32492.pdf
  9. ^ Operation Power Pack
  10. ^ a b c d e Table 13, Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths, Selected Military Operations, http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/table13.htm, SAID, U.S. Department of Defense
  11. ^ Initials may offer clue to missing Gulf War pilot Note: ID and found August 2009
  12. ^ United States Army
  13. ^ BBC News | World | Two die in Apache crash
  14. ^ a b [1]
  15. ^ See the linked article for sources.
  16. ^ Figures taken from: http://www.populstat.info/ and http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/United-States-POPULATION.html
  17. ^ Howard H. Peckham, ed., The Toll of Independence: Engagements & Battle Casualties of the American Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974), xii.
  18. ^ Fact Sheet: America's Wars, accessed December 2006.
  19. ^ Peckham, Toll of Independence, 131.
  20. ^ John Shy, A People Numerous and Armed: Reflections on the Military Struggle for American Independence (revised edition, University of Michigan Press, 1990, ISBN 0-472-06431-2), 249–50.
  21. ^ Korean War Exchange of Dead - Operation GLORY
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ List of border incidents involving North Korea
  25. ^ Vietnam War casualties
  26. ^ Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message