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United States congressional delegations from Alabama: Wikis


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These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives.


United States Senate

Class 2 Senators Congress Class 3 Senators
William Rufus King (D-R) 16th (1819–1821) John W. Walker1 (D-R)
17th (1821–1823)
William Kelly (D-R)
18th (1823–1825)
19th (1825–1827) Henry H. Chambers2 (D-R)
Israel Pickens3 (D-R)
John McKinley (D-R)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831)
22nd (1831–1833) Gabriel Moore (D-R)
23rd (1833–1835)
24th (1835–1837)
William Rufus King1 (D) 25th (1837–1839) John McKinley1 (D-R)
Clement Comer Clay1 (D)
26th (1839–1841)
27th (1841–1843)
Arthur P. Bagby1 (D)
28th (1843–1845)
Dixon Hall Lewis2 (D)
29th (1845–1847)
30th (1847–1849)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick3 (D) William Rufus King1 (D)
31st (1849–1851)
Jeremiah Clemens (D)
32nd (1851–1853)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
Vacant 4 33rd (1853–1855)
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)
34th (1855–1857) Vacant 4
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th (1857–1859)
36th (1859–1861)
American Civil War 5 American Civil War 5
37th (1861–1863)
38th (1863–1865)
39th (1865–1867)
40th6 (1867–1869)
Willard Warner (R) George E. Spencer (R)
41st (1869–1871)
George Goldthwaite (D) 42nd (1871–1873)
43rd (1873–1875)
44th (1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan2 (D) 45th (1877–1879)
46th (1879–1881) George S. Houston2 (D)
Luke Pryor3 (D)
James L. Pugh (D)
47th (1881–1883)
48th (1883–1885)
49th (1885–1887)
50th (1887–1889) Edmund Pettus2 (D)
51st (1889–1891)
52nd (1891–1893)
53rd (1893–1895)
54th (1895–1897)
55th (1897–1899)
56th (1899–1901)
57th (1901–1903)
58th (1903–1905)
59th (1905–1907)
60th (1907–1909)
John H. Bankhead2 (D) Joseph F. Johnston2 (D)
61st (1909–1911)
62nd (1911–1913)
63rd (1913–1915) vacant 10
Francis S. White (D)
64th (1915–1917) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
65th (1917–1919)
66th (1919–1921)
B. B. Comer3 (D)
J. Thomas Heflin (D)
67th (1921–1923)
68th (1923–1925)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929) Hugo L. Black1 (D)
71st (1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II2 (D) 72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935)
74th (1935–1937)
75th (1937–1939)
Dixie Bibb Graves3 (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
76th (1939–1941)
77th (1941–1943)
78th (1943–1945)
79th (1945–1947)
George R. Swift3 (D)
John J. Sparkman (D)
80th (1947–1949)
81st (1949–1951)
82nd (1951–1953)
83rd (1953–1955)
84th (1955–1957)
85th (1957–1959)
86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
88th (1963–1965)
89th (1965–1967)
90th (1967–1969)
91st (1969–1971) James B. Allen2 (D)
92nd (1971–1973)
93rd (1973–1975)
94th (1975–1977)
95th (1977–1979)
Maryon Pittman Allen3 (D)
Donald W. Stewart1 (D)
Howell T. Heflin (D) 96th (1979–1981)
Jeremiah A. Denton Jr. (R)
97th (1981–1983)
98th (1983–1985)
99th (1985–1987)
100th (1987–1989) Richard C. Shelby (D)
101st (1989–1991)
102nd (1991–1993)
103rd (1993–1995)
104th (1995–1997) Richard C. Shelby11(R)
Jefferson B. Sessions III (R) 105th (1997–1999)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011)

House of Representatives


1818 - 1819: 1 non-voting delegate

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate
John Crowell (D-R)

1819 - 1823: 1 seat

After statehood, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th (1819–1821) John Crowell (D-R)
17th (1821–1823) Gabriel Moore (D-R)

1823 - 1833: 3 seats

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th (1823–1825) Gabriel Moore (J) John McKee (J) George W. Owen (J)
19th (1825–1827)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831) Clement Comer Clay (D) Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (D)
22nd (1831–1833) Samuel Wright Mardis (J)

1833 - 1843: 5 seats

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected state-wide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd (1833–1835) Clement Comer Clay (D) John McKinley (J) Samuel Wright Mardis (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) John Murphy (J)
24th (1835–1837) Reuben Chapman (D) Joshua L. Martin (D) Joab Lawler2 (W) Francis Strother Lyon (W)
25th (1837–1839)
George Whitfield Crabb (W)
26th (1839–1841) David Hubbard (D) James Dellet (W)
27th (1841–1843) 5 seats elected At-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman (D) George S. Houston (D) Dixon Hall Lewis1 (D) William Winter Payne (D) Benjamin Glover Shields (D)

1843 - 1863: 7 seats

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th (1843–1845) James Dellet (W) James Edwin Belser (D) Dixon Hall Lewis1 (D) William Winter Payne (D) George S. Houston (D) Reuben Chapman (D) Felix Grundy McConnell2 (D)
William Lowndes Yancey1 (D)
29th (1845–1847) Edmund Strother Dargan (D) Henry Washington Hilliard (W)
James La Fayette Cottrell (D) Franklin Welsh Bowdon (D)
30th (1847–1849) John Gayle (W) Sampson Willis Harris (D) Samuel Williams Inge (D) Williamson Robert Winfield Cobb (D)
31st (1849–1851) William Jeffreys Alston (W) David Hubbard (D)
32nd (1851–1853) John Bragg (D) James Abercrombie (W) William Russell Smith (K-N) George S. Houston (D) Alexander White (W)
33rd (1853–1855) Philip Phillips (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D)
34th (1855–1857) Percy Walker (K-N) Eli Sims Shorter (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D) Sampson Willis Harris (D)
35th (1857–1859) James Adams Stallworth (D) Sydenham Moore (D) Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry (D)
36th (1859–1861) James L. Pugh (D) David Clopton (D)
37th (1861–1863) American Civil War 5

1863 - 1873: 6 seats

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
38th (1863–1865) American Civil War 5
39th (1865–1867)
40th (1867–1869) Francis William Kellogg (R) Charles Waldron Buckley (R) Benjamin White Norris (R) Charles Wilson Pierce (R) John Benton Callis (R) Thomas Haughey (R)
41st (1869–1871) Alfred Eliab Buck (R) Robert Stell Heflin (R) Charles Hays (R) Peter Myndert Dox (D) William Crawford Sherrod (D)
42nd (1871–1873) Benjamin Sterling Turner (R) William Anderson Handley (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D)

1873 - 1893: 9 seats

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, state-wide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd (1873–1875) Frederick George Bromberg
(Liberal R)
James T. Rapier (R) Charles Pelham (R) Charles Hays (R) John Henry Caldwell (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D) Charles Christopher Sheats (R) Alexander White (R)
44th (1875–1877) Jeremiah Haralson (R) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Taul Bradford (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
45th (1877–1879) James T. Jones (D) Hilary A. Herbert (D) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Charles M. Shelley (D]]) Robert Fulwood Ligon (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) William Willis Garth (D)
46th (1879–1881) Thomas H. Herndon2 (D) William James Samford (D) Thomas Williams (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis1 (D) William M. Lowe (GB)
Newton Nash Clements (D)
47th (1881–1883) William C. Oates1 (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
Vacant 9 William M. Lowe27 (GB)
Charles M. Shelley (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
48th (1883–1885) Luke Pryor (D)
James T. Jones (D) George Henry Craig7 (R)
49th (1885–1887) Alexander C. Davidson (D) Thomas William Sadler (D) John Mason Martin (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
50th (1887–1889) James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D
51st (1889–1891) Richard Henry Clarke (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
John Van McDuffie7 (R)
52nd (1891–1893) Louis Washington Turpin (D)

1893 - present

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats. It currently has seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
53rd (1893–1895) Richard Henry Clarke (D) Jesse F. Stallings (D) William C. Oates (D) Gaston A. Robbins (D) James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D) William Henry Denson (D) Joseph Wheeler1 (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
George Paul Harrison (D)
54th (1895–1897) Milford W. Howard (Pop) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich7 (R) Albert Taylor Goodwyn7 (Pop) Truman Heminway Aldrich7 (R)
55th (1897–1899) George W. Taylor (D) Henry D. Clayton1 (D) Thomas S. Plowman (D) Willis Brewer (D) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich7 (R)
56th (1899–1901) Gaston A. Robbins (D) John L. Burnett2 (D)
William F. Aldrich7 (R) William N. Richardson2 (D)
57th (1901–1903) Ariosto A. Wiley2 (D) Sydney J. Bowie (D) Charles Winston Thompson2 (D)
58th (1903–1905)
J. Thomas Heflin1 (D)
59th (1905–1907)
60th (1907–1909) William B. Craig (D) Richmond P. Hobson (D)
Oliver C. Wiley (D)
61st (1909–1911) S. Hubert Dent, Jr. (D)
62nd (1911–1913) Fred L. Blackmon2 (D)
63rd (1913–1915) John Abercrombie
(At-large) (D)
William Oscar Mulkey (D) Christopher Columbus Harris (D)
64th (1915–1917) Oscar Lee Gray (D) Henry B. Steagall2 (D) William B. Oliver (D) Edward B. Almon2 (D) George Huddleston (D)
65th (1917–1919) William B. Bankhead (D)
66th (1919–1921) John McDuffie1 (D)
William B. Bowling1 (D) Lilius Bratton Rainey (D)
67th (1921–1923) John R. Tyson2 (D) Lamar Jeffers9 (D)
68th (1923–1925) Miles C. Allgood (D)
J. Lister Hill1 (D)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929)
LaFayette L. Patterson (D)
71st (1929–1931)
72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935) Miles C. Allgood (D) William B. Bankhead2 (D) Archibald Hill Carmichael (D)
74th (1935–1937) Frank W. Boykin (D) Sam Hobbs (D) Joe Starnes (D)
75th (1937–1939) Pete Jarman (D) John J. Sparkman1 (D) Luther Patrick (D)
George M. Grant (D)
76th (1939–1941)
Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)
77th (1941–1943) Walter W. Bankhead1 (D)
Carter Manasco (D)
78th (1943–1945) George W. Andrews2 (D) John P. Newsome (D)
79th (1945–1947) Albert Rains (D) Luther Patrick (D)
80th (1947–1949) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) Laurie C. Battle (D)
81st (1949–1951) Edward deGraffenried (D) Carl Elliott (D)
82nd (1951–1953) Kenneth A. Roberts (D)
83rd (1953–1955) Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D)
84th (1955–1957) George Huddleston, Jr. (D)
85th (1957–1959)
86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
George Huddleston, Jr. (D)
89th (1965–1967) Jack Edwards (R) William Louis Dickinson (R) Arthur Glenn Andrews (R) John Hall Buchanan, Jr. (R) James D. Martin (R)
90th (1967–1969) William Flynt Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D)
91st (1969–1971) Walter Flowers (D)
92nd (1971–1973)
Elizabeth B. Andrews (D)
93rd (1973–1975) William Flynt Nichols2 (D) Tom Bevill (D) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) Walter Flowers (D)
94th (1975–1977)
95th (1977–1979) Ronnie Flippo (D)
96th (1979–1981) Richard C. Shelby (D)
97th (1981–1983) Albert L. Smith, Jr. (R)
98th (1983–1985) Ben Erdreich (D)
99th (1985–1987) H. L. 'Sonny' Callahan (R)
100th (1987–1989) Claude Harris, Jr. (D)
101st (1989–1991) Glen Browder (D)
102nd (1991–1993) Bud Cramer (D)
103rd (1993–1995) Terry Everett (R) Spencer Bachus (R) Earl F. Hilliard (D)
104th (1995–1997)
105th (1997–1999) Bob Riley (R) Robert B. Aderholt (R)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005) Jo Bonner (R) Mike D. Rogers (R) Artur Davis (D)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011) Bobby Bright (D) Parker Griffith (D)
Parker Griffith12 (R)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th


* designates those Congresses in which representatives were elected from the state at large, rather than by district.
  • 1. Resigned.
  • 2. Died in office.
  • 3. Was appointed to the office, and was later replaced by an elected successor.
  • 4. Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  • 5. From secession until readmission to the Union, Alabama did not participate in the U.S. Congress.
  • 6. George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866 but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  • 7. Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.
  • 8. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the previous representative being elected to the next term, but dying before the term began.
  • 9. Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  • 10. The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913 to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn.
  • 11. Senator Shelby was elected as a Democrat in 1986, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on November 9, 1994.
  • 12. Parker Griffith was elected as a Democrat, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on December 22, 2009.


Key to party COLORS and ABBREVIATIONS for Members of the U.S. Congress
American (Know-Nothing) (K-N)
Adams (A) /
Anti-Jacksonian (Anti-J) /
National Republican (NR)
Anti-Administration (Anti-Admin)
Anti-Masonic (Anti-M)
Democratic (D)
Democratic-Republican (D-R)
Farmer-Labor (FL)
Federalist (F)
Free Soil (FS)
Free Silver (FSv)
Greenback (GB)
Jacksonian (J)
Non-Partisan League (NPL)
Nullifier (N) /
States' rights (SR)
Dixicrat (Dix)
Opposition (O)
Populist (Pop)
Pro-Administration (Pro-Admin)
Progressive (Prog)
Prohibition (Proh)
Readjuster (Rea)
Republican (R)
Socialist (Soc)
Unionist (U)
Whig (W)
Independent /
Unaffiliated or
changed during term


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