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Republik Indonesia Serikat
Republic of the United States of Indonesia

 

1949–1950

Flag

Capital Djakarta
Language(s) Indonesian
Government Federal republic
President Sukarno
Prime Minister Mohammad Hatta
Historical era Cold War
 - Established 27 December 1949
 - Disestablished 15 August 1950
Currency Rupiah (IDR)

The Republic of the United States of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Serikat, RIS), also abbreviated as RUSI, was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference. This transfer ended the four-year conflict between Indonesian nationalists and the Netherlands that was fought over for control of Indonesia. At the same time, the Federal Constitution of 1949 came into effect.

The RUSI comprised sixteen state entities: the 'Republic of Indonesia', consisting of territories in Java and Sumatra with a combined population of more than 31 million , and the fifteen states established by the Dutch, which had populations between 100,000 and 11 million.

The United States of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia is shown in red.

The RUSI had a bicameral legislature. The People's Representative Council consisted of 50 representatives from the Republic of Indonesia and 100 from the various states according to their populations. The Senate had two members from each constituent part of the RUSI regardless of population.

Over the first half of 1950, the non-Republic states gradually dissolved themselves into the Republic. The United States of Indonesia was officially dissolved and replaced by the Republic of Indonesia, a unitary state, by President Sukarno on 17 August 1950, the fifth anniversary of his proclamation of independence.

See also

References

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