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2004 United States 2012
United States presidential election, 2008
November 4, 2008
Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama John McCain
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Illinois Arizona
Running mate Joe Biden Sarah Palin
Electoral vote 365 173
States carried 28 + DC + NE-02 22
Popular vote 69,456,897[1] 59,934,814[1]
Percentage 52.9%[1] 45.7%[1]
ElectoralCollege2008.svg
.Presidential election results map.^ US Presidential Election results (final electoral map) .
  • the 2008 US Presidential Election results (final electoral map) | read my mind 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.monacome.com [Source type: General]

^ And now I have to go back to checking the polls as I await the results of the 2008 presidential election with bated breath.
  • Dimsum - The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election and the Asian Factor 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.dimsum.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The results from the 2000 and 2004 United States Presidential Election suggested that it can be difficult to predict the winner of the presidential election based on popular vote.

.Blue denotes states/districts won by Obama/Biden, and Red denotes those won by McCain/Palin.^ McCain-Palin on defense in must-win red states .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Republicans will compete for 140 delegates, but with John McCain pulling away from the field, the state won't be as critical.
  • Democrats roll out Texas campaigns | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | National Politics 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.dallasnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Obama carried 28 states, the 2nd CD in Nebraska, and the District of Columbia, winning 365 electoral votes to 173 for McCain.    [ Results in Detail ] .
  • Election Day-2008 Presidential Campaign 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Election Day-2008 Presidential Campaign 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.^ Obama carried 28 states, the 2nd CD in Nebraska, and the District of Columbia, winning 365 electoral votes to 173 for McCain.    [ Results in Detail ] .
  • Election Day-2008 Presidential Campaign 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Election Day-2008 Presidential Campaign 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each political party in each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia submits a list of individuals pledged to their candidate for President and equal in number to the State's electoral vote (10 for Maryland).

^ View how votes are distributed among the states, state laws and requirements, and use the Electoral College calculator to predict who will win the election.
  • Librarians' Internet Index 2008 Presidential Election 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.lii.org [Source type: News]

.Obama won one electoral vote (from Nebraska's 2nd congressional district) of Nebraska's five.^ Maine and Nebraska split their electoral college votes (4 and 5, respectively) based on their congressional districts.

^ Obama leads: 273 electoral votes .
  • Section d’intérêts - Big Picture - Blog LeMonde.fr 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC clesnes.blog.lemonde.fr [Source type: General]

^ John McCain Won North Dakota's Three Electoral Votes According to the post-election data for North Dakota on WashingtonPost.com, the vote was split 53% - 45% in favor of McCain.
  • North Dakota 2008 Presidential Election Analysis - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

Previous President
George W. Bush
Republican
President-elect
Barack Obama
Democratic
.The 56th quadrennial United States presidential election was held on November 4, 2008. Outgoing Republican President George W. Bush's policies and actions and the American public's desire for change were key issues throughout the campaign.^ The next presidential election is scheduled for November 2008.
  • Thread "Weil sich bei den USA Märkten so wenig tut" - Powered by pro:kons 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC fr.wahlfieber.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Presidential Election 2008 » .
  • Archive: U.S. Presidential Election 2008 - U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC germany.usembassy.gov [Source type: News]

^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.During the general election campaign, the major party candidates ran on a platform of change and reform in Washington.^ The campaign works on positioning for the general election.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Powell, a retired U.S. general and a Republican, was once seen as a possible presidential candidate himself but endorsed Obama towards the end of the campaign.
  • Bush: All Americans can be proud - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ On June 19, Obama became the first major-party presidential candidate to turn down public financing in the general election since the system was created in 1976, reversing his earlier intention to accept it.
  • Overview of Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign | Nicolae Sfetcu 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: General]

.Domestic policy and the economy eventually emerged as the main themes in the last few months of the election campaign after the onset of the 2008 economic crisis.^ Top Campaign Events of the 2008 Election .
  • presidential election 2008 - News - US News and World Report 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Director of economic policy for the Kerry-Edwards campaign in 2004 and earlier policy director on the Clark campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Barr will seek to limit policies that permit political interference in the economy in favor of the exercise of a free-market economic model.
  • Comparison between the candidates for 2008 US presidential election | Nicolae Sfetcu 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Democrat Barack Obama, then junior United States Senator from Illinois, defeated Republican John McCain, the senior United States Senator from Arizona.^ Barack Obama is the 44th president of the United States, folks.
  • NBC calls Ohio for Obama - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Conservative republicans and John McCain do not respect States Rights.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ John McCain's senior economic adviser.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nine states changed allegiance from the 2004 election.^ New Hampshire state field director for President Bush's re-election campaign in 2004.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each had voted for the Republican nominee in 2004 and contributed to Obama's sizable Electoral College victory.^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ My father who lives in TX, is a STAUNCH REPUBLICAN who voted for bush both times has even decided to go for Obama!!!!
  • DeLauro To Endorse Obama On Saturday 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Democratic nominee for President in 2004, obtaining more than 59 million votes (251 plus 1 Electoral Votes to 286 for Bush) .
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The selected electors from each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voted for President and Vice President of the United States on December 15, 2008. Those votes were tallied before a joint session of Congress on January 8, 2009. Obama received 365 electoral votes, and McCain 173.
.There were several unique aspects of the 2008 election.^ By Will Stape   |  Published 3/13/2008 Presidential Election 2008: Boredom Sets In What excitement is there once everyone drops out of the Presidential Race?
  • 2008 Presidential Election - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Instead, it appears as though there might be a systemic cause, one that accounts for the elections of 2000, 2004, and 2008 displaying polarization regardless of who is on the ballot.
  • RealClearPolitics - HorseRaceBlog - Electoral Polarization Continues Under Obama 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.realclearpolitics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By N.K.   |  Published 8/15/2006 Dr. Kevorkian's Release Will Open a New Can of Worms for the 2008 Presidential Election There is a new hot topic for the 2008 Presidential candidates to debate.
  • 2008 Presidential Election - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.The election was the first in which an African American was elected President, and the first time a Roman Catholic was elected Vice President (Joe Biden, then-U.S. Senator from Delaware).^ Biden is the first Catholic vice president and the first vice president from Delaware.
  • Vice President Joseph Biden 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.america.gov [Source type: News]

^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ In fact, only two sitting senators have ever been elected president--John F. Kennedy, who ran against then Vice-President Richard Nixon in 1960, and Warren G. Harding, an Ohio Republican who beat the Democratic governor from his home state to win the 1920 election.
  • The Senator President - Forbes.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.forbes.com [Source type: News]

.It was also the first time two sitting senators ran against each other.^ In fact, only two sitting senators have ever been elected president--John F. Kennedy, who ran against then Vice-President Richard Nixon in 1960, and Warren G. Harding, an Ohio Republican who beat the Democratic governor from his home state to win the 1920 election.
  • The Senator President - Forbes.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.forbes.com [Source type: News]

^ The 2008 election is the first time in US history that two sitting senators, Obama from Illinois and McCain from Arizona, will run against each other for the highest office in the country and the first time an African American is a presidential nominee of a major party, as well as the first time both major candidates were born outside the continental United States — Hawaii for Obama and the Panama Canal Zone for McCain.
  • the 2008 US Presidential Election results (final electoral map) | read my mind 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.monacome.com [Source type: General]

^ Some accused Mr. Obama of impatience when he chose to seek the Democratic nomination just two years into his first U.S. Senate term.
  • Presidental Candidates - Election Guide 2008 - The New York Times 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC elections.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.The 2008 election was the first in 56 years in which neither an incumbent president nor a vice president ran — Bush was constitutionally limited from seeking a third term by the Twenty-second Amendment; Vice President Dick Cheney chose not to seek the presidency.^ Bush is ineligible for a third term in office.
  • Thread "Weil sich bei den USA Märkten so wenig tut" - Powered by pro:kons 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC fr.wahlfieber.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neither does anyone else in the 2008 election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Though Bush was a popular president for much of his first term, his popularity declined sharply in his second term.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

.It was also the first time the Republican Party nominated a woman for Vice President (Sarah Palin, then-Governor of Alaska).^ That would mean President Sarah Palin .
  • President Sarah Palin - 2008 US Presidential Election | Webmaster Tips 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC tips.webdesign10.com [Source type: General]

^ Darrell L. Castle was nominated for Vice President on the first ballot.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Republican Party ticket was Senator John McCain of Arizona , with Alaska Governor Sarah Palin as vice-presidential pick.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Voter turnout for the 2008 election was the highest in at least 40 years.^ By Todd Hicks   |  Published 11/18/2008 Youth Voters: Their Effect on the 2008 Presidential Election After years of increasing dissatisfaction with the Bush administration, voters aged 18 to 29 have dramatically increased their civic engagement: Since 2000, youth voter turnout has increased by more than 500%.
  • 2008 Presidential Election - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ The voter turnout might be the biggest in history judging from all the new voter registrations each party pushed for and that in itself will be something historic for this election.
  • the 2008 US Presidential Election results (final electoral map) | read my mind 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.monacome.com [Source type: General]

^ By Joe Dimeck   |  Published 5/31/2007 2008 Presidential Election: Numerous Deceased Voters Throughout the Country The 2008 Presidential election is having numerous deceased voters popping up all across the Country!
  • 2008 Presidential Election - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

Background

.In 2004, President George W. Bush won reelection, defeating the Democratic nominee, Senator John Kerry.^ Democratic nominee for Vice President in 2004.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2004, the results revealed President Bush would win over Senator John Kerry.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog: 2008 Presidential Campaign 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC blog.4president.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his St. Paul speech, Obama also turned his attention to the presumptive Republican party nominee, McCain, accusing him of being too close to the unpopular Republican President George W. Bush.
  • Clinton to bow out Saturday, and back Obama: adviser 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.cbc.ca [Source type: News]

.After Republican pickups in the House and Senate in the 2004 elections, Republicans maintained control of the executive and legislative branches of the federal government.^ I always thought that if President Bush had been tougher on illegal immigration the Republicans would not have lost the majority in the Senate and House in the 2006 elections.
  • Atlanta Metro News | ajc.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ajc.com [Source type: General]

^ Deputy campaign manager on Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle's unsuccessful re-election campaign in 2004.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Republican vice presidential nominee Gov. Sarah Palin vowed on Tuesday to use her executive experience to tackle government reform and energy independence if she and Sen.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bush's approval ratings had been slowly declining from their high point of almost 90% after 9/11,[2] and they were barely 50% by his reelection.^ Voters under 30 showed unusually high turnout rates as they rallied to Obama, 70%-26%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ See a chart compiling Bush's approval ratings in multiple polls over the course of his administration.
  • 2008 presidential election - presidential election - 2008 election - WSJ.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: News]

^ Bush's Approval Rating .
  • FOXNews.com - FOX News Poll: Obama Leads 42% to 39% Going Into Convention - Polls | AP Polls | Gallup Poll | Opinion Polls 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

.Although Bush was reelected with a larger Electoral College margin than in 2000, during his second term, Bush's approval rating dropped more quickly, with the Iraq War and the federal response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005 being most detrimental to the public's perception of his job performance.^ Eight months into Bush's first term as president, the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks occurred, and Bush announced a global War on Terrorism, ordered an invasion of Afghanistan that same year and an invasion of Iraq in 2003.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Her latest legislative initiative would restrict the president's hand in negotiating a long-term military presence in Iraq without Congress' approval.
  • DeLauro To Endorse Obama On Saturday 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[3][4]
.By September 2006, Bush's approval rating was below 40%,[5] and in the November 2006 Congressional elections, Democrats gained the majority in both houses.^ Events prior to November are not "the" congressional election.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ There are over 20 states in both major political parties that will hold their primaries and caucuses for people to vote for their candidate for each party's nominee for the Presidential Election.
  • Super Tuesday!! [Archive] - dyestat.com Track Talk 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.talk.dyestat.com [Source type: General]

.Bush's approval ratings continued to drop steadily throughout the rest of his term.^ See a chart compiling Bush's approval ratings in multiple polls over the course of his administration.
  • 2008 presidential election - presidential election - 2008 election - WSJ.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: News]

^ Bush's Approval Rating .
  • FOXNews.com - FOX News Poll: Obama Leads 42% to 39% Going Into Convention - Polls | AP Polls | Gallup Poll | Opinion Polls 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

[6][7]

Nominations

.In the United States, there are two major political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.^ It is not the political parties that organize the primaries, but the states!
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Political director of the Indiana Republican Party.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Campaigning against the first black major-party nominee has already created some problems for Republicans.
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

.There are also several minor parties, usually called third parties, who have not won a presidential election since 1864.^ Also there are third parties to think about.
  • The 2012 U.S. Presidential Election - Grasscity.com Forums 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: General]

^ On June 19, Obama became the first major-party presidential candidate to turn down public financing in the general election since the system was created in 1976, reversing his earlier intention to accept it.
  • Overview of Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign | Nicolae Sfetcu 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: General]

^ The site also tracks changes in the law, court challenges and other interesting tidbits of third party news you usually won't find elsewhere.
  • Politics1 - 2008 Presidential Election (P2008) 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politics1.com [Source type: News]

[8] .Most media and public focus is on the two major parties.^ I, and most of us want action, NOW! The best way to bring both parties together will be to effect the changes and focus and prove that our way is better.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There's a lot of buzz swimming around about just who will be representing the two major parties in the 2008 presidental election.

^ "Top-two" stifles dissenting voices when voters are most engaged, and robs voters of any means to vote against both major parties in November.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

.Each party hosts candidates who go through a nomination process to determine the presidential nominee for that party.^ Candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Candidate for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That don't-go-there approach was Barack Obama's plan for months until, on the candidate's first full day of campaigning as his party's presumed presidential nominee , a reporter from McClatchy Newspapers who was traveling aboard his plane asked him about a particularly toxic bit of hearsay that was zooming around the Internet about his wife Michelle .
  • Will Obama's Anti-Rumor Plan Work? - TIME 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.time.com [Source type: News]

.The nomination process consists of primaries and caucuses, held by the 50 states, Guam, Puerto Rico, Washington, D.C., U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands.^ Washington held caucuses on February 9th and will hold a primary on February 19th.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Colonies like Puerto Rico and the Guam islands are excluded of the electoral process.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are over 20 states in both major political parties that will hold their primaries and caucuses for people to vote for their candidate for each party's nominee for the Presidential Election.
  • Super Tuesday!! [Archive] - dyestat.com Track Talk 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.talk.dyestat.com [Source type: General]

.The winner of each of these primary elections usually receives delegates proportional to the percentage of the popular vote that candidate received in each states.^ Each primary election, in each state, has a different character.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Senator Clinton still gains an advantage by receiving the majority of the delegates from those states, but not to such an extent as to make a mockery of the whole process.
  • California congressmen add to Obama superdelegate haul - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

.In many Republican primaries, all the state's delegates are awarded to the winning candidate.^ By winning primaries in both big states, Clinton stopped cold the 46-year-old freshman senator's run as the front-runner, and although she's still trailing him in pledged delegates, she got a second wind.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ In jumping into the 2008 Republican sweepstakes, Hunter joins a potentially large field of candidates, many of whom are much better known nationally than he is.
  • SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Politics -- GOP's Hunter will run for presidency in 2008 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

^ Republicans will compete for 140 delegates, but with John McCain pulling away from the field, the state won't be as critical.
  • Democrats roll out Texas campaigns | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | National Politics 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.dallasnews.com [Source type: News]

.In the Democratic Party, high-ranking party members known superdelegates each receive one vote in at the convention.^ The candidates were all accorded at least respectful receptions, in stark contrast to a past California Democratic Party convention in Sacramento, where several of the 2004 contenders were loudly booed over their votes for the 2002 war authorization.
  • SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Metro -- Democrats rev up 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

^ A last-minute rush of Democratic superdelegates , as well as the results from the final primaries, in Montana and South Dakota, pushed Mr. Obama over the threshold of winning the 2,118 delegates needed to be nominated at the party’s convention in August.
  • Obama Clinches Nomination; First Black Candidate to Lead a Major Party Ticket - NYTimes.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The Democratic establishment, from former President Jimmy Carter to rank-and-file local officials who make up the party’s superdelegates, rallied behind Mr. Obama as the day wore on.
  • Obama Clinches Nomination; First Black Candidate to Lead a Major Party Ticket - NYTimes.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.Whichever candidate has the majority of the delegates at the end of the primary elections is designated the presumptive nominee until he or she is formally nominated and endorsed for the presidency by his or her political party.^ It is not the political parties that organize the primaries, but the states!
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On June 19, Obama became the first major-party presidential candidate to turn down public financing in the general election since the system was created in 1976, reversing his earlier intention to accept it.
  • Overview of Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign | Nicolae Sfetcu 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: General]

^ The future influence of some figures will depend largely on whether the candidate they are associated with wins their party’s nomination or the presidency.
  • The top US conservatives and liberals - Telegraph 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

This is done by the aforementioned delegates for each party.

Democratic Party nomination

Candidates

Candidates gallery

Before the primaries

.Media speculation began almost immediately after the results of the 2006 Senate elections became known.^ I always thought that if President Bush had been tougher on illegal immigration the Republicans would not have lost the majority in the Senate and House in the 2006 elections.
  • Atlanta Metro News | ajc.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ajc.com [Source type: General]

^ Evan Bayh's All America PAC in 2006 and developed strategy and produced the media for Bayh's 2004 re-election campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Did not seek re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2006.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In these elections, the Democrats regained majorities in both houses of Congress.^ He resigned suddenly from Congress four years after his party lost five House seats in the 1998 elections.
  • Gingrich rules out run for president - CNN.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Democratic majorities in Congress are hindering rather than helping the president.
  • Data Points: Presidential Campaign Spending - US News and World Report 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Gingrich, first elected to Congress in 1978, became the first Republican speaker of the House since 1954 when he led his party to victory in the 1994 congressional elections.
  • Gingrich rules out run for president - CNN.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[9] .Early polls taken before anyone had announced a candidacy had shown Senators Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama as the most popular potential Democratic candidates.^ The question has already been posed to both Democratic candidates Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton on potential running mates.
  • The 2008 US Presidential Election thread [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For good or bad, Republicans and most Democrats know that Hillary Clinton is the electable candidate.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ "For good or bad, Republicans and most Democrats know that Hillary Clinton is the electable candidate."
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

[10] .Nevertheless, the media speculated on several other candidates, including Al Gore, the runner-up in the 2000 election; John Kerry, the runner-up in the 2004 election; John Edwards, his running mate; Delaware Senator Joseph Biden; New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson; Iowa Governor Tom Vilsack; and Indiana Senator Evan Bayh.^ The candidate states his running mate is "God".
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Total spent by John Kerry in the 2004 election .
  • Data Points: Presidential Campaign Spending - US News and World Report 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: General]

^ John Edwards' 2004 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[11]
.Edwards was one of the first to formally announce his candidacy for the presidency, on December 28, 2006. This run would be his second attempt at the presidency.^ In March he announced he would not run.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Announced he will not run make an independent run for President on 28 February 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Formal Announcement of Candidacy: Monday 17 December 2007 • Address: 137 Sunrise Drive; Pleasant Hills, PA 15236 .
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Clinton announced intentions to run in the Democratic primaries on January 20, 2007.[13] Obama announced his candidacy on February 10 in his home state of Illinois.^ February 4, 2007 to February 10, 2007 .
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 45, McCain 40 (IBD-TIPP-9/2-7) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Announced Reform Party candidacy 27 February 2007.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Announced 13 February 2007.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .None of the candidates received a significant bounce in their poll numbers after their official announcements.^ The VA poll showed McCain receiving thoroughly mediocre numbers among white Virginians and only winning by receiving much better than expected numbers among blacks.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Official announcement=== [[Image:Lazy_Like_a_Fox Thompson is a [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party]] primary candidate to represent his party in the [[United States presidential election, 2008|2008 United States presidential election]].
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

[14] .Through most of 2007, even after it was evident Al Gore would not run, John Edwards and Al Gore each hovered between the third and fourth place spots in the polls behind Clinton and Obama.^ With John Edwards trailing far behind, the Democratic contest focused on Obama and Clinton.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Al Gore would have the unified support neither Clinton nor Obama can muster.
  • The ‘Draft Gore’ Movement, Sidelined - City Room Blog - NYTimes.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Obama and Clinton can fight dollar for dollar - Edwards can't.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

[15]
."Front-runner" status is dependent on the news agency reporting, and by October 2007, the consensus listed the three aforementioned candidates as leading the pack after several debate performances.^ I usually write on Voltairenet.org about that strategic debate (particularly when the report by intelligence agencies on Iran and the resignation of Admiral Fallon were known) and the election of the new president depends precisely of that debate.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Republican results displayed in the table illustrate a larger point: Winner-take-all rules usually favor the front-runner, and the leading candidate gets a boost from each week's primary victories.
  • The 1992 primary: proportinal representation for Illinois Democrats 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.lib.niu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In October 2007, McCain said of waterboarding that, "They [other presidential candidates] should know what it is.
  • Comparison between the candidates for 2008 US presidential election | Nicolae Sfetcu 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Washington Post listed Clinton, Edwards and Obama as the front-runners, "leading in polls and fundraising and well ahead of the other major candidates".[16] Clinton led in nearly all nationwide opinion polling until January 2008.[15]
.Comedian Stephen Colbert mounted his own campaign for the nomination in his home state of South Carolina, announcing it in October 2007.[17] Public Opinion Strategies conducted a poll and found Colbert nationally in fifth place at 2.3% behind Sen.^ Came to the campaign after six months as an account executive at Public Strategies.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senior project director (managed survey resarch) at Public Opinion Strategies; rejoined the firm in 2001.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sought the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination, announcing his candidacy on September 17, 2003 and dropping out of the race on February 11, 2004.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Joseph Biden's 2.7% [18]

Early primaries/caucuses

.The early primaries and caucuses are considered the most critical of nomination process.^ Most all of the Democrats who entered the primary process were very bright people.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By competing in the state primaries and caucuses leading up to the national conventions, candidates seek to win enough delegates to secure their respective parties' nominations.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than half of the TV commercials in the primary were Romney ads, but he gave up a few days early to solidify his lead in Nevada caucuses the same day.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Most candidates lacking support drop out after doing poorly in the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary, and these states' results often shift national preferences, according to historical polling data.^ Candidates in the January 8, 2008 New Hampshire Primary: .
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ The candidates in primaries and caucuses .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Candidates in the January 3, 2008 Iowa Caucuses: .
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

[19] .The states that hold early primaries and caucuses are, chronologically, Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina.^ New Hampshire primary (Jan 8), along with contests in Michigan, South Carolina and Florida.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Democrats have made a special exception for Iowa and New Hampshire, as well as Nevada and South Carolina, to go early.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The process that has evolved is a rather illogical system that starts with the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary and is followed by dizzying succession of contests that sends the candidates hither and yon across the United States trying to reach voters in the next primary or caucus.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2008, Florida and Michigan moved their primaries into January against the Democratic Party's rules, and the results of these primaries were discounted and disputed until after the rest of the contests occurred.^ Re-filed as affiliated with the Democratic party on 20 January 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Democratic party rules prohibit At-Large and Pledged PLEO Democratic delegates from being awarded to candidates who have withdrawn prior to the time that the actual delegate is elected.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sent mail to the FEC on 12 January 2008 indicating "America First (Party)".
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]
.At the start of the year, support for Barack Obama began rising in the polls, passing Clinton for first place in Iowa; Obama ended up winning the Iowa caucus, with John Edwards coming in second and Clinton in third.^ TIME : ' Why Barack Obama is winning .'
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Coming next year: Obama's inflation .
  • Dick Morris - TheHill.com 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC thehill.com [Source type: News]

^ Obama and Clinton can fight dollar for dollar - Edwards can't.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

[21] .Obama's win was fueled mostly by first time caucus-goers and Independents and showed voters viewed him as the candidate of change.^ TIME : ' Why Barack Obama is winning .'
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The McCain supporters think their candidate can win on McCain's new 'change' message (before, I did not care much for listening to McCain speak but every time I hear him say 'change is coming to Washington' it makes my laugh so hard that I tune in just to hear say it!
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 45, McCain 40 (IBD-TIPP-9/2-7) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Because the Democratic National Committee and the Superdelegates know: he has the most popular votes, he has the most pledged delegates, he has the most states - and to *not* nominate him would be to tell the primary voters and caucus-goers that they DON'T MATTER. The Democrats go with Obama now, win or lose, because to go against their own voters at this point would be to alienate them from the party for decades.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[21] .Iowa is viewed as the state that jump-started Obama's campaign and set him on track to win the nomination and the presidency.^ Obama is not going to win the nomination either.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ I truly believe Obama will win this nomination.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the 1980s between campaigns Kucinich did a variety of jobs in five different states; for example in 1987 he started a communications consulting firm.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .After the Iowa caucus, Joe Biden and Christopher Dodd withdrew from the nomination contest.^ If none of the frontrunners appeal to your taste, then vote for the serious contenders from the second tier, Joe Biden or Chris Dodd.
  • The ‘Draft Gore’ Movement, Sidelined - City Room Blog - NYTimes.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The best-known caucus state is Iowa, whose caucuses are traditionally the first in the nominating process.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[21]
.Obama became the new front-runner in New Hampshire when his poll numbers skyrocketed after his victory in Iowa.^ Three states that went Republican in 2004 have gone for Democrat Barack Obama, according to CNN projections — Iowa, New Mexico and Ohio.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ "Senator Obama's victory speech [in Iowa] was a concise oratorical gem.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ McCain still trails Obama in Ohio and Pennsylvania, according to new polls by Quinnipiac University.
  • 2008 presidential election - presidential election - 2008 election - WSJ.com 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: News]

[23] .The Clinton campaign was struggling after a bad loss in Iowa and no strategy beyond the early primaries and caucuses.^ Deputy director of scheduling on Hillary Clinton's 2008 primary campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ If you think all those Republicans voting for Obama in the Democratic primaries, and caucuses are doing so because they think he is a stronger Democratic candidate than Hillary Clinton.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Hillary Rodham Clinton's primary campaign after serving as Trip Director on John Edwards' 2007-08 primary campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.According to The Vancouver Sun, "Campaign strategists had mapped a victory scenario that envisioned the former first lady wrapping up the Democratic presidential nomination by Super Tuesday on Feb.^ Candidate for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Westmoreland originally supported former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney for the Republican presidential nomination.
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Sought the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination, announcing his candidacy on September 17, 2003 and dropping out of the race on February 11, 2004.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Democratic Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.5."[24] In what is considered a turning point for her campaign, Clinton had a strong performance at the Saint Anselm College, ABC and Facebook debates several days before the New Hampshire Primary as well as an emotional interview in a public broadcast live on TV.[25] By the end of that day, Clinton won the primary by 2% of the vote, contrary to the predictions of pollsters who consistently had her trailing Obama for a few days up to the primary date, after his poll numbers skyrocketed at the end of December 2007.[23] On January 30, 2008, after placing in third in the New Hampshire and South Carolina primaries, Edwards announced that he was suspending his campaign for the presidency, but he did not initially endorse any remaining candidate.^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Refiled as "NPA" on 25 January 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Former President Clinton will campaign with Sen.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26][27]

Super Tuesday

.Super Tuesday occurred on February 5, 2008, during which the largest-ever number of simultaneous state primary elections was held.^ Each primary election, in each state, has a different character.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Washington held caucuses on February 9th and will hold a primary on February 19th.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[28] .Super Tuesday ended leaving the Democrats in a virtual tie, with Obama amounting 847 delegates to Clinton's 834 from the 23 states that held Democratic primaries.^ On Tsunami Tuesday the outcome was a virtual tie in terms of votes and delegates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ "Among Democrats, Obama has the momentum, but Clinton has the organization.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ By winning primaries in both big states, Clinton stopped cold the 46-year-old freshman senator's run as the front-runner, and although she's still trailing him in pledged delegates, she got a second wind.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

[29]
.Earlier, on February 3 on the UCLA campus, celebrities Oprah Winfrey, Caroline Kennedy and Stevie Wonder, among others, made appearances to show support for Barack Obama in a rally led by Michelle Obama.^ I am extremely happy to learn that Caroline Kennedy and Sen Ted Kennedy will support Barack Obama.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Thank you for supporting Barack Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm glad Ted Kennedy has supported Barack Obama.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

[30] .In addition, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's wife, Maria Shriver, endorsed Obama.^ John McCain is campaigning with Arnold Schwarzenegger in Ohio as he attempts to overturn Barack Obama's poll lead in the state.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger told a raucous crowd in Columbus, Ohio, on Friday night that Sen.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .California was one of the Super Tuesday states that were rich in delegates.^ While polls show Clinton ahead in some large states, including her home state of New York and delegate-rich California, the Kennedy endorsement gives Obama a stamp of approval among key constituencies in the Democratic party that could make Super Tuesday more competitive.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Hillary, it appears, did not take the caucus states seriously, thinking it would all be over by Super Tuesday night.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ McCain's success on Tsunami Tuesday, especially in such major states as California, New York, Illinois and New Jersey, forced Romney out of the race.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Obama trailed in the California polling by an average of 6.0% before the primary; he ended up losing the state by 8.3%.^ Joseph Biden of Delaware is skipping the convention, choosing to spend the weekend in South Carolina, which will hold its primary one week before California and a number of other states.
  • SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Metro -- Democrats rev up 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

^ The two rivals also competed for support in caucuses in Texas that began 15 minutes after the state's primary polls closed.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[32] .Some analysts cited a large Latino turnout that voted for Clinton as the deciding factor.^ Analysts noted that Obama was now winning large majorities of white men, reducing Clinton to her core of white women and Hispanic voters.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Bill Clinton added some exacerbating factors but all in all we are firmly entrenched in a movement conservative climate and undoing that aura will be a huge undertaking.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Statistics released by the state of Texas show Hillary Clinton won the primary due to a large number of Republicans crossing over to vote for her.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[33]
Barack Obama campaigns in Akron, Ohio on February 23, 2008
.Louisiana, Washington, Nebraska, Hawaii, Wisconsin, U.S. Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia primaries and the Maine caucus all took place after Super Tuesday in February.^ Six states plus the District of Columbia hold Democratic contests in mid-February, with some 400 delegates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ On Tsunami Tuesday, Time magazine reports, his rhetoric took on a previously unseen, almost Trotskyite tenor: "It's time for the politicians to leave Washington and for we, the people, to take over!"
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ All of the Democrat's Washington delegates were allocated through the caucus system.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

.Obama won all of them, giving him ten consecutive victories after Super Tuesday.^ Its not logical to equate caucus vote to a primary vote and moreover four of the state which obama won do not release the vote totals at all.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Just because he smiles a broad smile and swaggers confidently when he puts on his Obama Show, doesn’t give him the right to get away with Republican antics.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That may be the position Obama would give him that he talked about.
  • The 2008 US Presidential Election thread [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

[34][35]

March and April contests

.On March 4, Hillary Clinton carried Ohio and Rhode Island in the Democratic primaries; some considered these wins, especially Ohio, a surprise upset,[36] although she led in the polling averages in both states.^ By winning primaries in both big states, Clinton stopped cold the 46-year-old freshman senator's run as the front-runner, and although she's still trailing him in pledged delegates, she got a second wind.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ Citing the conditions, and a shortage of paper ballots in some precincts, state officials went to court to extend the polling hours in several places.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ The two rivals also competed for support in caucuses in Texas that began 15 minutes after the state's primary polls closed.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

[32][37] .She also carried the primary in Texas, but Obama won the Texas caucuses held the same day and netted more delegates from the state than Clinton.^ President-elect Obama won more than half.
  • RealClearPolitics - HorseRaceBlog - Electoral Polarization Continues Under Obama 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.realclearpolitics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By winning primaries in both big states, Clinton stopped cold the 46-year-old freshman senator's run as the front-runner, and although she's still trailing him in pledged delegates, she got a second wind.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

^ The only way Senator Clinton wins is for the super delegates to overturn the will off 35+ million people that have participated in the primary...but I'm sure you know that already.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

[38]
.Only one state held a primary in April.^ Three groups of states or pods would have then held contests in the first full week of March, the fourth full week of March, and the third full week of April.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is appropriate that the primary is decided when all states have held their primaries.
  • BlueOregon: Wyden calls superdelegate process "preposterous"; endorses Obama 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.blueoregon.com [Source type: General]

^ One major reform proposal is the National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS)'s rotating regional primary plan .
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was Pennsylvania, on April 22. Although Obama made a strong effort to win Pennsylvania, Hillary Clinton won the primary by nearly 10%, with approximately 55% of the vote.^ Clinton wins nearly-uncontested Michigan Primary.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ The Michigan primary was won by Clinton on Jan.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Barack Obama will continue at least through Pennsylvania's April 22 primary.
  • Politics | Clinton comeback: Fight goes on | Seattle Times Newspaper 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

[39] .Obama had outspent Clinton three to one in Pennsylvania, but his comment at a San Francisco fundraiser that small-town Americans "cling" to guns and religion drew sharp criticism from the Clinton campaign and may have hurt his chances in the Keystone State.^ That said, the results this fall in individual states and in down-ballot races could turn on how enthusiastically Clinton's followers embrace Obama.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ Three states that went Republican in 2004 have gone for Democrat Barack Obama, according to CNN projections — Iowa, New Mexico and Ohio.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ After a 6-week campaign in which Clinton was outspent 2:1 by Obama, she scored a smashing 9-point victory in Pennsylvania, keeping her chances alive a little longer.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[40] In addition, Clinton had several advantages in Pennsylvania. .Throughout the primary process, she relied on the support of older, white, working class voters.^ I trust he knows his roots and is quite sensitive to the working class' stagnant wage, job displacement, and lack of support training.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Charlotte Udziela Older white female voter .
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Especially in the close states of Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, working class white Democrats rejected Obama by increasingly large margins.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

Pennsylvania held a closed primary, which means that only registered Democrats could vote, and, according to Ron Elving of NPR, "The established Democratic electorate was older, whiter, more Catholic and more working-class than in most of the primaries to date."[41] After Pennsylvania, Obama was still in a stronger position than Clinton to win the nomination, with a higher number of delegates and popular votes, but Clinton still had received the endorsement of more superdelegates.[39]

Indiana and North Carolina

.On May 6, North Carolina and Indiana held their Democratic presidential primaries.^ Politics1 - 2008 U.S. Presidential Election (P2008)Presidential Primaries 2008 - Tracking the various hopefuls seeking the Democratic and Republican Presidential nominations.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ Ironically, states which had not joined the stampede and moved up their contests, such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana and North Carolina, experienced spirited campaigns on the Democratic side.
  • More Primaries and Caucuses: The 2008 Primary Calendar 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maine held its Democratic caucus Feb 10; Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia held primaries on Feb.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Clinton and Obama campaigned aggressively there before the voting took place.^ While I chose to vote for Obama, I can't really fault the Clinton campaign.
  • BlueOregon: Wyden calls superdelegate process "preposterous"; endorses Obama 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.blueoregon.com [Source type: General]

^ Andy, Maybe, but you'd think the people who would be most inclined to lie to pollsters would be people who are "supposed" to vote for Barack Obama in the first place, e.g.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Video Bill Clinton to campaign with Obama in Florida .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The candidates acknowledged the importance of these primaries and said they were turning point states that could make or break either of their campaigns.^ Snyder said Paul is not running just to make a point or to try to ensure that his issues are addressed, but to win.
  • News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | Dallas-Fort Worth Politics | The Dallas Morning News 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.dallasnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Video 'Joe the Plumber' happy to help candidates make point .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They looked like the right books, but when the judges opened them this morning they discovered, no, these pages aren't the right pages", McThomas said.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Voter Problems « - Blogs from CNN.com 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[42] .Polling had shown Obama a few points ahead in North Carolina and Clinton similarly leading in Indiana.^ Video Obama's ahead, polls say, but will the lead last?
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obama widens lead in national poll .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hillary Clinton has a 12-point lead over Obama in the last AP/Ipsos poll, but she has a 4-to-1 edge over him among people earning less than $25,000 a year and nearly a 3-to-1 margin among people who have not attended college, the AP reports.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

[43][44] .In the actual results, Obama outperformed the polls by several points in both states, winning by a significant margin in North Carolina[45] and losing by only 1.1% in Indiana (50.56% to 49.44%).^ Another point of view: Election results: Obama wins!
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That may be partly a function of age, since the poll found 18- to 24-year olds preferred Obama 49-percent to 30 percent.
  • Section d’intérêts - Big Picture - Blog LeMonde.fr 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC clesnes.blog.lemonde.fr [Source type: General]

^ When a president loses the approval of the majority of the voters and polls reflect that his ratings have fallen substantially below 50 percent, he loses his power.
  • Dick Morris - TheHill.com 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC thehill.com [Source type: News]

[46] .After these primaries, most pundits declared that it had become increasingly improbable, if not impossible, for Clinton to win the nomination.^ The only way Senator Clinton wins is for the super delegates to overturn the will off 35+ million people that have participated in the primary...but I'm sure you know that already.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ Internal polling reveals that this group is the most likely to support John McCain after Obama wins the nomination.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ But Clinton surprised everyone (even her own staff) by winning the primary 39% to 37% for Obama and 17% for Edwards.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[47] The small win in Indiana barely kept her campaign alive for the next month.[48] .Although she did manage to win the majority of the remaining primaries and delegates, it was not enough to overcome Obama's substantial delegate lead.^ She did win, but the superdelegates remained quiet.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The only way Senator Clinton wins is for the super delegates to overturn the will off 35+ million people that have participated in the primary...but I'm sure you know that already.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ Unlike the normal, pre-election polls, exit polls conducted on the day of the election did substantially overstate Barack Obama's margins throughout the primaries.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

Florida and Michigan

.During late 2007, the two parties adopted rules against states' moving their primaries to an earlier date in the year.^ It is not the political parties that organize the primaries, but the states!
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Democrat John Kerry, his party's nominee in 2004, raised $2.7 million online two days after the Super Tuesday primaries that year.
  • Ron Paul says he's broken one-day online fundraising record - On Politics - USATODAY.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ The Democratic Party rules require that delegates are awarded to the candidate in proportion to their votes in each congressional district in the primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.For the Republicans, the penalty for this violation was supposed to be the loss of half the state party's delegates to the convention.^ Each state has its own rules to appoint its delegates to the federal conventions of the parties.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Republicans will compete for 140 delegates, but with John McCain pulling away from the field, the state won't be as critical.
  • Democrats roll out Texas campaigns | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | National Politics 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.dallasnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Josh Geleris Started as national deputy delegate director at the Republican National Convention.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Democratic penalty was the complete exclusion from the national convention of delegates from states that broke these rules.^ Each state has its own rules to appoint its delegates to the federal conventions of the parties.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Six states plus the District of Columbia hold Democratic contests in mid-February, with some 400 delegates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Associate director of budget and finance at the Democratic National Convention Committee in summer 2008.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.The Democratic Party allowed only four states to hold elections before February 5, 2008. Initially, the Democratic leadership said it would strip all delegates from Florida and Michigan, which had moved their primaries into January.^ Refiled as "Democrat" 20 February 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ January 27, 2008 to February 2, 2008 .
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 45, McCain 40 (IBD-TIPP-9/2-7) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Re-filed as affiliated with the Democratic party on 20 January 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, all major Democratic candidates agreed officially not to campaign in Florida or Michigan, and Edwards and Obama removed their names from the Michigan ballot.^ Obama and Edwards did not compete in Michigan.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ It sort of calls into question some of the vaunted ground game discussion, the whole turnout machine,” said a Democratic strategist who did not want to be quoted by name criticizing Obama’s campaign.
  • That huge voter turnout? Didn't happen - David Paul Kuhn - Politico.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Primary’s exit polling, presented by all major networks, were utilized by analysts to determine how was Obama’s, Edwards’, and Clinton’s support spread throughout different social markers.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.Clinton won a majority of delegates and popular votes from both states (though 40% voted uncommitted in Michigan) and subsequently led a fight to seat all the Florida and Michigan delegates.^ Al Sharpton, fighting for the states of Florida not to seat delegates.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He only will have the "popular vote" if Florida and Michigan votes are not counted.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ States, the most delegates, and the a slight majority of the most votes.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.Political columnist Christopher Weber noted that while her action was self-serving, it was also pragmatic to forestall Florida or Michigan voters becoming so disaffected they did not vote for Democrats in the general election.^ Just vote democratic on election day.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ The article notes Barack Obama is "running well" among this group of Democrats -- but so did Bill Bradley in 2000, Paul Tsongas in 1992 and Gary Hart in 1988.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ A new Democratic analysis finds that Democrats gained 4.7 million new voters in the 2006 election that gave them control of Congress -- and all the new voters had household incomes of at least $75,000.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

[50] .There was some speculation that the fight over the delegates could last until the convention in August.^ Unless there's some catastrophic, unforeseeable event (a la Mel Carnahan dieing in a plane crash on the last day), he will be the nominee.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ But that does not affect my determination to fight on, in every caucus and primary remaining, and at the convention for our ideas, with just as many delegates as I can get.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nominees could possibly be undecided until the national conventions in August/September.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.On May 31, 2008, the Rules and Bylaws Committee of the Democratic Party reached a compromise on the Florida and Michigan delegate situation.^ May 25, 2008 to May 31, 2008 .
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 45, McCain 40 (IBD-TIPP-9/2-7) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ May 13, 2008 7:31 AM .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ May 13, 2008 12:31 AM .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.The committee decided to seat delegates from Michigan and Florida at the convention in August, but to only award each a half-vote.^ Over half the delegates voted.
  • Atlanta Metro News | ajc.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ajc.com [Source type: General]

^ He only will have the "popular vote" if Florida and Michigan votes are not counted.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The Democratic Party rules require that delegates are awarded to the candidate in proportion to their votes in each congressional district in the primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[51]

Clinching the nomination

.Technically the nomination process for major political parties continues through June of election year.^ He has spent the years since his landslide 2005 reelection taking an increasingly public role as a champion of independent politics, campaigning for politicians of both parties.
  • Billion-dollar elephant inches toward run - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are talking about a system totally close by itself in which political life is confiscated by the representatives of the two major political parties at the state level.
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the first time in U.S. history major-party front-runners this deep into the process have included a woman, a black, a Mormon, and a Baptist minister.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.In previous cycles the candidates were effectively chosen by the end of the March primaries.^ It sounds to me like he's a supporter of both candidates and waited until the end of the primary season to go public.
  • BlueOregon: Wyden calls superdelegate process "preposterous"; endorses Obama 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.blueoregon.com [Source type: General]

.However, Barack Obama did not win enough delegates to secure the nomination until June 3, after a 17-month-long campaign against Hillary Clinton.^ She suspended her campaign on 7 June 2008 endorsing Senator Barack Obama.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obama is not going to win the nomination either.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ TIME : ' Why Barack Obama is winning .'
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Obama had a wide lead in states won, while Clinton had won majorities in several of the larger states.^ That said, the results this fall in individual states and in down-ballot races could turn on how enthusiastically Clinton's followers embrace Obama.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ Obama won those under age 65 while Clinton won voter over 65.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Obama won the African-American vote 82% to 18%, while Clinton won among whites 70% to 26%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Because a form of proportional representation and popular vote decided Democratic state delegate contests, numbers were close between Clinton and Obama, the contest for the nomination continued into June 2008.[52] By May, Clinton claimed a lead in the popular vote, but the Associated Press found her numbers accurate only in one close scenario.^ McCray, who is deciding between Clinton and Obama.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ With 2,025 delegates needed to win the nomination, the Associated Press on Feb.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Obama clinched the nomination on June 3 .
  • TheHill.com - Endorsements 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC thehill.com [Source type: General]

[53]
.In June, after the last of the primaries had taken place, Obama secured the Democratic nomination for President, with the help of multiple super delegate endorsements (most of the super delegates had refused to declare their support for either candidate until the primaries were completed).^ Democratic endorsements were last updated June 6, prior to Sen.
  • Roll Call - 2008 Presidential Endorsements (Congress) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.rollcall.com [Source type: General]

^ Obama is not going to win the nomination either.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Democratic nominations are awarded on the basis of Delegates.
  • Historic night: Obama clinches nomination - Bill Nichols and Ben Smith - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54] .He was the first African American to win the nomination of a major political party in the United States.^ It is not the political parties that organize the primaries, but the states!
  • 2008 Presidential Campaign USA: An Anti-Democratic Show [Voltaire] 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.voltairenet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Campaigning against the first black major-party nominee has already created some problems for Republicans.
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though I disagree with almost all of his views the fact the the United States of America has elected an African-American President is something I am proud of.

[55] .For several days, Clinton refused to concede the race, although she signaled her presidential campaign was ending in a post-primary speech on June 3 in her home state of New York.^ New York and New Jersey with primaries on Feb.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ FINAL HOURS? • Campaign officials: Clinton ready to concede delegate count .
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ Clinton’s intentions on the final day of primary voting caused widespread confusion Tuesday morning, as her aides seemed to contradict each other about whether she would formally concede and end her candidacy after votes came in from South Dakota and Montana.
  • Historic night: Obama clinches nomination - Bill Nichols and Ben Smith - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] .She finally conceded the nomination to Obama on June 7. She pledged her full support to the presumptive nominee and vowed to do everything she could to help him get elected.^ Obama clinched the nomination on June 3 .
  • TheHill.com - Endorsements 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC thehill.com [Source type: General]

^ There's been much written and You-Tubed about supporters of Democrat Hillary Rodham Clinton who are having trouble making the switch to presumptive nominee Barack Obama -- and say they may never.
  • Demographics - On Politics - Breaking News, Election 2008 & Presidential Candidates 16 September 2009 20:54 UTC blogs.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ A new poll finds 38 percent of Israelis still would rather see Obama’s Republican rival John McCain elected U.S. president, compared to 31 percent for Obama, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee.
  • Section d’intérêts - Big Picture - Blog LeMonde.fr 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC clesnes.blog.lemonde.fr [Source type: General]

[57]

Republican Party nomination

.Not only was 2008 the first election since 1952 that neither the incumbent president nor the incumbent vice president was a candidate in the general election, but it was also the first time since the 1928 election that neither sought his party's nomination for president.^ Neither does anyone else in the 2008 election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Darrell L. Castle was nominated for Vice President on the first ballot.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maria Shriver --Former award-winning television journalist, best-selling author, current First Lady of California, niece to President John F. Kennedy, and daughter of Vice-Presidential candidate Sargent Shriver.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

.Since term limits prevented Bush from seeking the nomination and being a candidate, the unique aspect was vice-president Cheney's decision not to seek the Republican nomination.^ Candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a close and controversial election, Bush was elected president in 2000 as the Republican candidate, receiving a majority of the electoral votes, but losing the popular vote to then Vice President Al Gore.
  • About: http://dbpedia.org/resource/George_W._Bush 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC dbpedia.org [Source type: General]

^ We divided the 2008 Democratic and Republican candidates into those seeking the presidency (they filed with the Federal Electons Commission or formed exploratory committees as of March 18, 2007), those considering seeking the presidency, and those who have either declined to seek the presidential nomination or who have dropped out of the race.
  • Who Will Win the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election? 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC members.verizon.net [Source type: Academic]

[58][59] .This left the Republican field just as open to a wide field of new candidates as the Democratic field.^ Three states that went Republican in 2004 have gone for Democrat Barack Obama, according to CNN projections — Iowa, New Mexico and Ohio.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ Figure 1 shows the electability vs. Intrade futures prices for 18 Democratic and 21 Republican candidates for president (solid circles) and 8 Democratic and 7 Republican candidates for vice president (open circles).
  • Who Will Win the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election? 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC members.verizon.net [Source type: Academic]

^ We determined the electability for president and vice president of the Democratic and Republican candidates for the 2008 U.S. presidential election using the following formulas: .
  • Who Will Win the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election? 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC members.verizon.net [Source type: Academic]

Candidates

Candidates gallery

Before the primaries

.Immediately after the 2006 midterm elections, media pundits began speculating, like they did about the Democrats, about potential Republican candidates for President in 2008.[10] In November 2006, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani led in the polls, followed closely by Arizona Senator John McCain.^ Did anyone think about Republican Senators or Governors in the Northeast ?
  • Billion-dollar elephant inches toward run - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Democrats deserve what they're about to get.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ They followed Bush like puppies.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[60] .The media speculated that Giuliani's pro-choice stance on abortion and McCain's age and support of the unpopular Iraq War would be detriments to their candidacies.^ McCain is tainted by his support of the war.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ McCain did win among those consider the War in Iraq the top issue—McCain 41% Romney 31%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Despite being a hawk on Iraq, McCain was certainly considered significantly less supportive of the goals of social conservatives and the religious right wing of the Republican party.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[10] .Giuliani remained the frontrunner in the polls throughout most of 2007, with McCain and former Tennessee Senator Fred Thompson fighting for second place.^ By September 2007, the leaders were former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani , former Tennessee Senator Fred Thompson , former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney , and Arizona Senator John McCain , who dropped sharply from his leading position after endorsing immigration reform.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ A [[July 3]], [[2007]] update to Thompson's ABC News Radio home page referred to him as a "former ABC News Radio contributor," indicating that Thompson has been released from his contract with the broadcaster.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ McCain was the frontrunner for the 2008 presidential nomination according to the polls when his campaign imploded in summer 2007.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[61] .Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee, Giuliani, Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, and Texas Congressman Ron Paul announced their candidacies on January 28, February 5, February 13, and March 12, respectively.^ Announced 13 February 2007.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ February 2008: Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney has ended his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Announced candidacy on March 12, 2007; filed papers in Texas on Jan.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62][63][64][65] .McCain officially announced his candidacy on March 1, 2007, after several informal announcements.^ Official announcement: 26 April 2007.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Formal Announcement of Candidacy: Monday 17 December 2007 • Address: 137 Sunrise Drive; Pleasant Hills, PA 15236 .
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Financial report not available • Formal Announcement of Candidacy: Thursday 26 April 2007 • Address: PO BOX 2693; VENICE, CA 90291 .
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .In the third quarter of 2007, the top four GOP (Republican) fundraisers were Romney, Giuliani, Thompson, and Ron Paul.^ Romney wins hotly-contested Republican Michigan Primary, McCain takes second, Huckabee takes a distant third, while Giuliani comes in behind Ron Paul and Fred Thompson.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ Rudy Giuliani , former mayor of New York City (1993-2001), was the GOP front-runner for most of 2007.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In the first contest to test the mood of southern voters, McCain edged Huckabee 33%-30%, while Thompson edged out Romney for third place, 16%-15%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[67] MSNBC's Chuck Todd christened Giuliani and John McCain the front-runners after the second Republican presidential debate in early 2007.[68]

Early primaries/caucuses

.Huckabee, after winning in Iowa, had little money and hoped for a third-place finish in New Hampshire.^ Evangelicals comprise 48%-68% of Republicans in the South and border states, 47% in Iowa, and only 11% in New Hampshire.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In the first contest to test the mood of southern voters, McCain edged Huckabee 33%-30%, while Thompson edged out Romney for third place, 16%-15%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Mike Huckabee --26,760 votes=11%--New Hampshire prides itself on ignoring the Iowa results, and the Evangelical base in N.H. is not comparable to that found in Iowa.
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

.McCain eventually displaced Rudy Giuliani and Romney as the front-runner in New Hampshire.^ Rudy Giuliani , former mayor of New York City (1993-2001), was the GOP front-runner for most of 2007.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ However, Arkansas voters who named immigration as their top issue chose McCain over Romney, and in Arizona and New York, they chose McCain over Huckabee.
  • Keys to victory on Super Tuesday - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ His main opponent Mitt Romney lost in the Iowa caucuses in early January, 2008, giving McCain momentum in New Hampshire.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.McCain staged a turnaround victory,[69] having been written off by the pundits and polling in single digits less than a month before the race.^ When Gallups Saturday sample drops off and the poll goes back to McCain +1/+2, then the GOP may start to sweat again as the Bounce won't hold.
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 45, McCain 40 (IBD-TIPP-9/2-7) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ So long as race-based voters are honest about their intentions, Barack Obama's position is no worse than it appears to be in the polls.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In less than 2 months time Fred Thompson exploded onto the scene of the 2008 Presidential Race.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

[70]
.With the Republicans stripping Michigan and Florida of half their delegates for moving their primaries into January 2008 against party rules, the race for the nomination was based there.^ The reason was the national party stripped Michigan of all its delegates for breaking the national rules on primary dates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Campaigning against the first black major-party nominee has already created some problems for Republicans.
  • Pollster.com: US: Obama 49, McCain 44 (DemCorps-9/1-3) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.pollster.com [Source type: General]

^ Democratic party rules prohibit At-Large and Pledged PLEO Democratic delegates from being awarded to candidates who have withdrawn prior to the time that the actual delegate is elected.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.McCain meanwhile managed a small victory over Huckabee in South Carolina,[71] setting him up for a larger and more important victory over Romney in Florida, which held a closed primary on January 29.[72] By this time, after several scandals, no success in the early primaries, and a third place finish in Florida, Giuliani conceded from the nomination race and endorsed John McCain the next day.^ Romney came in fourth place in South Carolina.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Giuliani Exits Race, Endorses McCain , Associated Press , 30 January 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Romney outspent the field on TV ads in South Carolina and Florida.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[73]

Super Tuesday

.In February, McCain, besides winning Giuliani's support, was endorsed by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger before the California primary took place on Super Tuesday.^ The only way Senator Clinton wins is for the super delegates to overturn the will off 35+ million people that have participated in the primary...but I'm sure you know that already.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ Former Governor Mike Huckabee-- Took 2nd with 30% of South Carolina Primary votes= 5 Delegates to Republican Convention .
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ Internal polling reveals that this group is the most likely to support John McCain after Obama wins the nomination.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

.This gave him a significant boost in the polls for the state's primary,[74] which awarded the greatest number of delegates of all the states.^ The Democratic Party rules require that delegates are awarded to the candidate in proportion to their votes in each congressional district in the primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Neither candidate campaigned in either state, but primaries were held and Clinton won them and demanded those delegates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Upcoming Southern States (The Bible Belt), may be good to Huckabee, perhaps at the expense of Romney.-- Number of Delegates from New Hampshire: 1 .
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

.On Super Tuesday, McCain won his home state of Arizona, taking all 53 delegates, and the largest of the Super Tuesday prizes, nearly all of California's 173 delegates.^ When this is all over you won't see the Clintons or McCain again...
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain won the GOP contest by 37%-32% over Romney, who had previously dominated the polls in the Granite State.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Its not logical to equate caucus vote to a primary vote and moreover four of the state which obama won do not release the vote totals at all.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.McCain also scored wins in seven other states, picking up 574 delegates.^ On the other hand, every state that Obama wins is insignificant.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ And I agree with some; just because he is winning doesn't means other states don't have the right to give their opinions.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ In March 2008, McCain said that United States should reduce its nuclear arsenal to encourage other nations to reduce their arsenals.
  • Comparison between the candidates for 2008 US presidential election | Nicolae Sfetcu 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[75] .Huckabee was the "surprise performer", winning 5 states and 218 delegates.^ Upcoming Southern States (The Bible Belt), may be good to Huckabee, perhaps at the expense of Romney.-- Number of Delegates from New Hampshire: 1 .
  • The 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Race 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC historyguy.com [Source type: News]

^ Even if she wins all the rest of the states by 60/45 she still falls behind Obama in delegates.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

[75] .Romney won 7 states and 231 delegates.^ Romney won 273 delegates but dropped out of the race on Feb.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ McCain won the GOP contest by 37%-32% over Romney, who had previously dominated the polls in the Granite State.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Obama won easily in Nebraska, Louisiana and Washington state, and picked up delegates in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[75] .Two days later, Romney suspended his presidential campaign, saying that if he stayed in the race, he would "forestall the launch of a national campaign and be making it easier for Senator Clinton or Obama to win".[76] His departure left Huckabee and Paul as McCain's only major challengers in the remaining primaries and caucuses.^ She suspended her campaign on 7 June 2008 endorsing Senator Barack Obama.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I say you are welcome to the Obama campaign.
  • BlueOregon: Wyden calls superdelegate process "preposterous"; endorses Obama 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.blueoregon.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain's 2000 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Romney endorsed McCain on February 14.[77]
.Louisiana, Washington, Kansas, Wisconsin, and Washington held primaries in February after Super Tuesday.^ Washington held caucuses on February 9th and will hold a primary on February 19th.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ That will be a potentially significant boost for Obama as he heads into a series of critical primaries on Super Tuesday, Feb.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ She is on the ballot in Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

.Despite McCain picking up big victories, Huckabee won Louisiana and Kansas.^ Obama won easily in Nebraska, Louisiana and Washington state, and picked up delegates in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ After leading in both states the tide turned suddenly and he lost to Mike Huckabee in Iowa and John McCain in New Hampshire, while picking up some uncontested delegates in Wyoming.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Due to the concentrating effect of the Republican rules, McCain won nearly 600 delegates to 75 for Romney and 123 for Huckabee, despite McCain's winning vote percentages ranging from 32% to 55%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.McCain narrowly carried the Washington caucuses over Huckabee and Paul, who amassed a large showing.^ Unlike McCain, who has been part of the problem in Washington for the last 23 years, Obama has clear understanding of the world situation.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 28% of GOP voters who want to give the illegals a path to citizenship gave McCain 44% of their vote, versus 31% for Huckabee.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ His last transformation came in February, with his claims to be the candidate of change, who will defeat the Washington insiders and elites, whom he links to McCain.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[35] The Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico closed February for the Republicans. .After Super Tuesday, John McCain had become the clear front-runner, but by the end of February, he still had not acquired enough delegates to secure the nomination.^ Barack Obama's victory Tuesday over John McCain capped an unprecedented rise in American politics.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With his wins in South Carolina and Florida, and his wide lead in polls, McCain emerged not only as the front-runner but as the favorite of the party establishments.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ February 2008: Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney has ended his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In March, John McCain clinched the Republican nomination after sweeping all four primaries, Texas, Ohio, Vermont, and Rhode Island, putting him over the top of the 1,191 delegates required to win the GOP nomination.^ I stand by my statement that McCain has a unified Republican base behind him.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Granted we did put W in the White House twice (I didn't vote for him) but I think we're all a lot smarter now.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Just because he smiles a broad smile and swaggers confidently when he puts on his Obama Show, doesn’t give him the right to get away with Republican antics.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[37] .Mike Huckabee then conceded the race to McCain, leaving Ron Paul, who had just 16 delegates, as his only remaining opponent.^ In Florida, Romney had a 43% to 25% edge over McCain among voters who said immigration is the most important issue; however, they constituted only 16% of the voters.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ On Tsunami Tuesday McCain polled 41% to 31% for Mitt Romney and 21% for Mike Huckabee .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Many deeply religious voters flocked to Mike Huckabee, while nonevangelical conservatives splintered among McCain, Romney, Thompson, and Huckabee.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[78]

Other nominations

.Along with the Democratic and Republican parties, three other parties nominated candidates with ballot access in enough states to win the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election.^ Candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The debate was open to any presidential candidate on the ballot in states with enough electoral votes to win.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Just vote democratic on election day.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

.These were the Constitution Party, the Green Party, and the Libertarian Party.^ Although the likelihood of their success was close to zero, the Green, Libertarian and Constitution candidates were on enough ballots to have the possibility of getting enough electoral votes for the presidency.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ His label is Constitution, except that it is independent in Alabama and Tennessee; "Alaskan Independence" in Alaska; "Reform" in Kansas, "U.S. Taxpayers" in Michigan, "Nebraska Party" in Nebraska, "Independent American" in Nevada; and "Independent Green" in Virginia.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Constitution Party has been endorsed by libertarian, former Republican candidate Ron Paul .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.The Constitution Party nominated writer, pastor, and conservative talk show host Chuck Baldwin for President, and attorney Darrell Castle of Tennessee for Vice President.^ Darrell L. Castle was nominated for Vice President on the first ballot.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Steve Gill is an attorney and host of the most influential radio talk show in Tennessee, The Steve Gill Show .
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ Vice-presidential candidates Matt Gonzalez, Wayne A. Root, and Darrell Castle, will debate each other in Las Vegas on Sunday, November 2.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

[79][80] While campaigning, Baldwin voiced his opposition to the Iraq war, the Sixteenth Amendment, Roe v. Wade, the IRS, and the Federal Reserve.[81]
.The Green Party nominated former Democratic Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney of Georgia for President, and political activist Rosa Clemente from New York for Vice President.^ Cynthia McKinney ran on the Green Party ticket, with Rosa Clemente as her vice-presidential candidate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ McKinney is a three-time Democratic congresswoman for Georgia.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Former Green Party and Reform Party candidate and consumer rights activist Ralph Nader ran as an independent candidate with Matt Gonzalez as his running mate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.McKinney campaigned on a platform that supported single-payer universal health care, the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq and Afghanistan, reparations for African Americans, and the creation of a Department of Peace.^ Instead of supporting African American's Obama is into lying to them and intimidating them.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama's health care plan includes implementing guaranteed eligibility for affordable health care for all Americans.
  • Comparison between the candidates for 2008 US presidential election | Nicolae Sfetcu 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barack Obama, campaigning Saturday in the battleground state of Virginia, lashed out at his presidential rival's plan to tackle health care reform.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[82]
.The Libertarian Party nominated former Republican Congressman Bob Barr of Georgia for President, and his former rival for the Libertarian nomination Wayne Allyn Root of Nevada, for Vice President.^ Former Republican congressman for Georgia Bob Barr was on the Libertarian Party ticket, and achieved ballot access in forty-five states, with vice-presidential candidate Wayne Allen Root .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Previously affilated with the Republican and Libertarian Parties.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vice-presidential candidates Matt Gonzalez, Wayne A. Root, and Darrell Castle, will debate each other in Las Vegas on Sunday, November 2.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

.During the 2008 presidential campaign, Barr advocated a reworking or abolishment of the income tax[83] and opposed the war in Iraq[84] and the Patriot Act.^ About 50 people--who probably could have stayed at home and listened on their laptops or tuned into Air America--wanted to be together to hear what the Democratic 2008 presidential candidates had to say about ending the war in Iraq.
  • Sweet blog special: Obama wins the overall MoveOn.org Iraq straw poll. But Edwards prevails in vote of people who attended parties to listen. - Lynn Sweet 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Boston Globe, January 5, 2007 Read the article From the Right: Almost five years after he refused to sign a "no new taxes" pledge during his campaign for governor, Mitt Romney announced yesterday that he had done just that, as his campaign for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination began in earnest.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain was the frontrunner for the 2008 presidential nomination according to the polls when his campaign imploded in summer 2007.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[85]

Party conventions

General election campaign

Notable characteristics

.The 2008 election campaign brough several firsts in United States presidential election history.^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ United States presidential election .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.It was the first presidential election since 1952 in which neither the incumbent president nor the incumbent vice president was a candidate in the general election.^ The vice presidential candidates, Democratic Sen.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vice-presidential candidates Matt Gonzalez, Wayne A. Root, and Darrell Castle, will debate each other in Las Vegas on Sunday, November 2.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ McCain accepted $84,103,800 in general election campaign funds, whereas Obama became the first major party presidential nominee in history to reject general election federal funds.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

[58][59] .In addition, John McCain became the oldest first-time presidential nominee in history when the Republicans nominated him in September 2008.[86] His running mate, Sarah Palin, was the first woman nominated for Vice President by the Republican Party.^ A new national poll suggests Sarah Palin may be hurting Republican presidential nominee John McCain more than she's helping him.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Darrell L. Castle was nominated for Vice President on the first ballot.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John McCain and his running mate Gov. Sarah Palin are on a mad dash to blunt Sen.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86][87] .Barack Obama and McCain are nearly 25 years apart in age.^ Unlike McCain, who has been part of the problem in Washington for the last 23 years, Obama has clear understanding of the world situation.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John McCain and Barack Obama weighed in Friday on the passage of the economic bailout bill, which was signed into law by President Bush.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If Barack Obama is the REAL DEAL, and not just another Ralph Nader, he will age well, and be an even better candidate in 2016.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.This is the largest age disparity between the two major party presidential candidates in history, surpassing Bill Clinton and Bob Dole (23 years apart in age), who ran against each other in 1996.^ Bob Dole's Presidential bid in 1996.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bob Dole's 1996 campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1996 (in the Republican primary he defeated Shiela Frahm, who had been appointed to complete Bob Dole's term); elected to a full six year term in 1998; re-elected in 2004.
  • P2008-The 2008 Presidential Campaign-Republican Prospects 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The election would mark the first time that candidates from both major parties were born outside the continental United States with Barack Obama born in Hawaii and John McCain who was born in the Panama Canal Zone.^ TIME : ' Why Barack Obama is winning .'
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ United States presidential election .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Barack Obama and John McCain spent Saturday campaigning across battleground states.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[88] .Yet another first was that, for the first time in history, both major party nominees were sitting United States Senators.^ McCain accepted $84,103,800 in general election campaign funds, whereas Obama became the first major party presidential nominee in history to reject general election federal funds.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Senator Thompson withdrew on 22 January 2008 stating "Today I have withdrawn my candidacy for President of the United States.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Republican party is first and foremost the anti-Black party, knowing the traction that gives them with the White majority.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

[89]
.One of the most talked about firsts in this election was Obama's possible,[90][91][92] and then actual,[93][94][95] nomination by the Democratic Party.^ The American voters and the Democratic party have chosen Obama as the nominee, and your desperate and delusional insistance on insulting us highlights why Hillary lost.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Andy, Maybe, but you'd think the people who would be most inclined to lie to pollsters would be people who are "supposed" to vote for Barack Obama in the first place, e.g.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Everybody talking about how the Bradley Effect has never been disproven for presidential elections should note that we have not yet had a presidential election where the Bradley Effect could apply.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

.On August 28, 2008, when Obama formally accepted the Democratic nomination for President, he became the first African American to be nominated for President by a major political party.^ The California American Independent Party nominated him for President on 5 July 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McCain accepted $84,103,800 in general election campaign funds, whereas Obama became the first major party presidential nominee in history to reject general election federal funds.
  • Ballot Access News -- November 1, 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.ballot-access.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama won the African-American vote 82% to 18%, while Clinton won among whites 70% to 26%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[93] .Obama's nomination acceptance speech drew one of the largest attendances of any nomination acceptance speech, attracting at least 84,000 people.^ An Obama nomination is a guaranteed loss for the American people who would have no major candidates to support in 2008.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At least three people at two campaign stops called into question whether Obama, with less than two months from Iowa’s Jan.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

[96]

Issues

Iraq

.The unpopular war in Iraq was a key issue during the campaign before the economic crisis.^ They don't want a candidate that switches his position on gun control, FISA, the war in Iraq and abortion issues.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston Globe, January 5, 2007 Read the article CAMPAIGN FINANCE LAWS From the Left: Governor Romney has changed his position on key campaign finance reform issues several times during public life.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain did win among those consider the War in Iraq the top issue—McCain 41% Romney 31%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.John McCain supported the war while Barack Obama opposed it.^ McCain is tainted by his support of the war.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thank you for supporting Barack Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BTW: I should add that the Bradley Effect can only exist if the voter cannot rationalize TO HIMSELF a reason to oppose Obama or support McCain.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

.(Obama's early and strong opposition to the war helped him stand out against the other democratic candidates during the primaries, as well as stand out to a war-weary electorate during the general campaign).^ There are a number of other candidates out there.
  • Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary. Announces on Imus. - Lynn Sweet 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Over the course of the primaries, polling results that had Barack Obama performing well generally made for better copy, since until at least mid-February, Obama was considered the underdog.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I will agree that blacks will turn out strong to support an Obama candidacy but Reps are at their best in the more "local" Congressional races and as abhorrent as it is a black presidential candidate will energize the Rep constituency in the South.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though McCain meant it as a peacetime presence like the United States maintained in Germany and Japan after World War II,[97] his statement that the United States could be in Iraq for as much as the next 50 to 100 years would prove costly.^ But I said as much in March, 2004 , though I expected this year would be four years later.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ TF: During the past eight years we've seen the United States conduct a rather hostile foreign policy towards much of the world.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Otherwise, Democrats will be totally in chaos and lose the general election, no matter who is the nominee though Hillary is more likely to win against McCain.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama used it against him as part of his strategy to tie him to the unpopular President Bush.^ John McCain and Barack Obama weighed in Friday on the passage of the economic bailout bill, which was signed into law by President Bush.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But on the first part of the above equation--the part where you insist voting against Obama is about gender solidarity--you are, for lack of a better way to put it, completely full of crap.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both of these qualities are in Obama, and he will intrinsically and naturally showcase these qualities as the next President of this USA. I urge all states to vote for him overwhelmingly.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.John McCain's support for the troop 'surge' employed by General David Petraeus, which was one of several factors credited with improving the security situation in Iraq, may have boosted McCain's stance on the issue in voters' minds.^ BTW: I should add that the Bradley Effect can only exist if the voter cannot rationalize TO HIMSELF a reason to oppose Obama or support McCain.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Internal polling reveals that this group is the most likely to support John McCain after Obama wins the nomination.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ I've met all of one (very tepid) McCain supporter in that demographic, compared to literally hundreds of fired up Obama supporters.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

.McCain (who supported the invasion) argued that his support for the successful surge showed his superior judgment, whereas Obama (who opposed the surge) argued that his opposition to the invasion that preceded the surge showed his.^ Other conservatives object to his opposition to Bush's tax cuts in 2001, although McCain now supports their renewal.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Unlike McCain, who has been part of the problem in Washington for the last 23 years, Obama has clear understanding of the world situation.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What I think Obama should support is an exploration (and a truly empirical study) of the copyright issue that shows the impact of the current copyright system.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, Obama was quick to remind voters that there would have been no need for a "surge" had there been no war at all, which he then used to question McCain's judgment as well.^ Maybe the rednecks would, but in my experience more subtle levels of racism exist in all the demographics there.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us assume that truly Obama doesn't agree with his rantings, it still begs the question of why he would have stayed in Wright's church for 20 years and why he would have included him in his campaign, no matter how obscurely.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So long as race-based voters are honest about their intentions, Barack Obama's position is no worse than it appears to be in the polls.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

Bush's unpopularity

.Entering 2008, George W. Bush was unpopular.^ Go figure; unpopular war, an economy worsening by the day and a very unpopular George Bush would seemingly give them a huge advantage.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polls consistently showed that only twenty to thirty percent of the American public approved of his job performance.^ I did ask first: "Was it 'racism' when exit polls showed 92% (90%) of African-Americans voted for William JEFFERSON Clinton (Gore)?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Was it "racism" when exit polls showed 92% of African-Americans voted for William JEFFERSON Clinton?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ "I did ask first: "Was it 'racism' when exit polls showed 92% (90%) of African-Americans voted for William JEFFERSON Clinton (Gore)?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[98][99] .In March 2008, Bush endorsed McCain at the White House,[100] but Bush did not make a single appearance for McCain during the campaign.^ Granted we did put W in the White House twice (I didn't vote for him) but I think we're all a lot smarter now.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ This was a running tabulation of the Members of Congress who made their endorsements public in the 2008 White House contest.
  • Roll Call - 2008 Presidential Endorsements (Congress) 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.rollcall.com [Source type: General]

^ She suspended her campaign on 7 June 2008 endorsing Senator Barack Obama.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although he supported the war in Iraq, McCain made an effort to show that he had disagreed with Bush on many other key issues such as climate change.^ McCain is tainted by his support of the war.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His voting record shows that he supports the war.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other conservatives object to his opposition to Bush's tax cuts in 2001, although McCain now supports their renewal.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.During the entire general election campaign, Obama countered by pointing out in ads and at numerous campaign rallies that McCain had claimed in an interview that he voted with Bush 90% of the time, and congressional voting records supported this for the years Bush was in office.^ Obama cannot win the general election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ His voting record shows that he supports the war.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ General counsel of the McCain 2000 campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[101]

Change vs. experience

Barack Obama and John McCain, together on March 4, 2009, a month and a half after Obama's inauguration.
.Before the Democratic primaries had even begun, the dichotomy of change versus experience had already become a common theme in the presidential campaign, with Senator Hillary Clinton positioning herself as the candidate with experience and Obama embracing the characterization as the candidate most able to bring change to Washington.^ "For good or bad, Republicans and most Democrats know that Hillary Clinton is the electable candidate."
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ For good or bad, Republicans and most Democrats know that Hillary Clinton is the electable candidate.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ We have already worked to reinforce the Clinton campaign's narrative about the unfair treatment that some networks, specifically MSNBC, have given her camp.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

Before the official launch of her campaign, aides for Clinton were already planning to position her as the 'change' candidate, as strategist Mark Penn made clear in an October 2006 memo titled "The Plan."[102] In his presidential run announcement, Obama framed his candidacy by emphasizing that "Washington must change."[103] .In response to this, Clinton adopted her experience as a major campaign theme.^ Obama in mid-March disavowed Wright, but his long-time association with Wright proved a major campaign issue for Clinton.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In a campaign where Clinton has trumpeted her experience over Obama's call for hope and change, the endorsement by one of the most experienced and respected Democrats in the Senate is a particularly dramatic coup for Obama.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

[104] .By early and mid-2007, polls regularly found voters identifying Clinton as the more experienced candidate and Obama as the "fresh" or "new" candidate.^ So long as race-based voters are honest about their intentions, Barack Obama's position is no worse than it appears to be in the polls.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Clinton again outpolled Obama in the Nevada caucuses, but Obama refused to concede because he claimed one more delegate than she.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Obama official website ; Jonathan Greenberger, ABC News, May 17, 2007 report ↑ Kristin Jensen and Julianna Goldman, "Clinton, Obama Battle Makes for Partisan Politics Without Unity," Bloomberg News, Jan.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[105][106] .Exit polls on Super Tuesday found that Obama won voters who thought that the ability to bring change was the most important quality in a candidate, who made up a majority of the Democratic electorate.^ The Primary’s exit polling, presented by all major networks, were utilized by analysts to determine how was Obama’s, Edwards’, and Clinton’s support spread throughout different social markers.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Democratic party rules prohibit At-Large and Pledged PLEO Democratic delegates from being awarded to candidates who have withdrawn prior to the time that the actual delegate is elected.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American voters and the Democratic party have chosen Obama as the nominee, and your desperate and delusional insistance on insulting us highlights why Hillary lost.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.By a margin of about 2-1, Clinton was able to make up for this deficiency by an almost total domination among voters who thought experience was the most important quality.^ Americans ALLOW the media to put endless emotional issues in front of us instead of talking about the issues which are MOST important.
  • Historic night: Obama clinches nomination - Bill Nichols and Ben Smith - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Florida, Romney had a 43% to 25% edge over McCain among voters who said immigration is the most important issue; however, they constituted only 16% of the voters.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ If you think that Obama with no experience will be better than Hillary Clinton who spent 8 years at the right hand of President Bill Clinton.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[107] These margins generally remained the same until Obama clinched the Democratic nomination on June 3.
.John McCain quickly adopted similar campaign themes against Obama at the start of the general election campaign.^ Obama cannot win the general election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Prior to joining the Obama campaign, Bleeker held a similar position on the Hillary Clinton for President campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Edwards' 2004 presidential campaign and Trip Director for Edwards in the general election.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.Polls regularly found the general electorate as a whole divided more evenly between 'change' and 'experience' as candidate qualities than the Democratic primary electorate, which split in favor of 'change' by a nearly 2-1 margin.^ I am so ashamed that lack of experience for the sake of "change" is more important than experience.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Olver said that he remained un-pledged because in his 1st Congressional District the vote was pretty much evenly divided between the two Democrats.
  • Congressman Olver endorses Obama for president - MassLive.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.masslive.com [Source type: General]

^ The Democratic Party rules require that delegates are awarded to the candidate in proportion to their votes in each congressional district in the primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[108] .Advantages for McCain and Obama on experience and the ability to bring change, respectively, remained steady through the November 4 election.^ He is quoting the projected vote for McCain 80 v Obama 20, respectively, if Obama is the nominee.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ There are plenty of socially acceptable excuses for Democrats and Independents to say they prefer McCain over Obama: the experience factor, the wartime factor, etc.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dear fellow PR practitioners: No small wonder for me and you to see Barack Obama winning his way convincingly to the November elections.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

However, final pre-election polling found that voters considered Obama's inexperience less of an impediment than McCain's association with sitting President George W. Bush,[109] an association which was rhetorically framed by the Obama campaign throughout the election season as "more of the same".
.McCain appeared to undercut his line of attack by picking first-term Alaska governor Sarah Palin to be his running mate.^ Feeding McCain attack lines to use?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Campaign manager of Palin's successful run for Governor in 2006.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Democratic Party ticket of presidential candidate Barack Obama and vice-presidential candidate Joe Biden defeated the Republican Party ticket of Senator John McCain of Arizona and Alaska Governor Sarah Palin by winning 365 electoral college votes to 173.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[110] .Palin had been governor only since 2006, and before that had been a council member and mayor of Wasilla.^ Campaign manager of Palin's successful run for Governor in 2006.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nonetheless, she excited much of the conservative base of the GOP with her speech at the 2008 Republican National Convention, a group that was initially lukewarm toward McCain's candidacy.^ December 2006) Price handled ballot access as national delegate and state convention director for the campaign, served as political director and director of floor operations for the 2008 Republican National Convention in Minneapolis-St.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barak's base of support is probably 20-25% of the national population, at best, and will not grow much from there.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Senior Working Group on National Security (June 18, 2008) Policy Advisors (Nov.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[111] .However, media interviews suggested that Palin lacked knowledge on certain key issues, and they cast doubt among many voters about her qualifications to be Vice President or President.^ Bidens wife slipping up on Oprah about which job he would rather have; Vice President or Secretary of State.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Now, they have learned what I've known for many years, that the rich, white liberals in the Democratic party care very little about minorities.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Middle East policy and Jewish community issues) Vice president at Timmons and Company.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[112] .In addition, because of Palin's conservative views, there was also concern that, while she would bring conservatives to McCain, she would also alienate independents and moderates, two groups that pundits observed McCain would need to win the election.^ Just because another choice exists doesn't mean that individual will win a presidential election.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ He probably won't because he'll fracture the GOP: remember '76 with Ford/Reagan (winner Carter) and '92 with conservative Independent Perot/Bush Sr.
  • Tancredo drops out, backs Mitt - First Read - msnbc.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ The two we have left are both very bright, so brains is no issue, until we bring McCain into the equation.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[113]

The economy

.Polls taken in the last few months of the presidential campaign and exit polls conducted on Election Day showed the economy as the top concern for voters.^ Confusing Exit Polls with pre-Election Polls .
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ "I did ask first: "Was it 'racism' when exit polls showed 92% (90%) of African-Americans voted for William JEFFERSON Clinton (Gore)?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[114][115] In the fall of 2008, many news sources were reporting that the economy was suffering its most serious downturn since the Great Depression.[116] .During this period, John McCain's election prospects fell with several politically costly comments about the economy.^ Is John McCain about to soil his depends?
  • Historic night: Obama clinches nomination - Bill Nichols and Ben Smith - Politico.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To stay in favor with the American people all McCain has to do is keep reminding them that it is all about politics, and that it is the Obamas who started making comments about the Clintons and racism.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The truth is that John McCain is a "safe" vote, because he has no history of discrimination against others except in the political arena, where two major political parties exist.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.On August 20, John McCain said in an interview with Politico that he was uncertain how many houses he and his wife, Cindy, owned; "I think — I'll have my staff get to you."^ He said, I'll tell you what he said -- he said, I want a pluralistic Arab state that's secular.
  • Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary. Announces on Imus. - Lynn Sweet 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ August 11, 2008 4:47 PM John Adam Zirinsky said...
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You will pardon me if I do not vote for my candidate based on what the Republicans think.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[117] .Both on the stump and in Obama's political ad, "Seven", the gaffe was used to portray McCain as unable to relate to the concerns of ordinary Americans.^ To stay in favor with the American people all McCain has to do is keep reminding them that it is all about politics, and that it is the Obamas who started making comments about the Clintons and racism.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a strategic analyst and Professor in the area for many years, Obama is by far the better manager or will be a better manager of this nation than both Hillary and McCain.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of us have serious concerns about Obama's judgement and patriotism, given some his past political cronies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

This out-of-touch image was further cultivated when, on September 15, the day of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, at a morning rally in Jacksonville, Florida, McCain declared that "the fundamentals of our economy are strong," despite what he described as "tremendous turmoil in our financial markets and Wall Street."[118] With the perception among voters to the contrary, the comment appeared to cost McCain politically.
.On September 24, 2008, after the onset of the 2008 financial crisis, McCain announced that he was suspending his campaign to return to Washington to help craft a $700 billion bailout package for the troubled financial industry, and he stated that he would not debate Obama until Congress passed the bailout bill.^ She suspended her campaign on 7 June 2008 endorsing Senator Barack Obama.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 6, 2008 1:32 AM Grant: Subject: Obama & McCain on taxes .
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Financial report not available • Withdrawal of Candidacy: Saturday 29 September 2007 • Campaign website: http://www.newt.org/ • Address: WASHINGTON, DC. 29 September 2007: Media reports state that Mr. Gingrich will not run for President in 2008.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119] Despite this decision, McCain was portrayed as not playing a significant role in the negotiations for the first version of the bill, which fell short of passage in the House. He eventually decided to attend the first presidential debate on September 26, despite Congress' lack of immediate action on the bill. His ineffectiveness in the negotiations and his reversal in decision to attend the debates were seized upon to portray McCain as erratic in his response to the economy. .Days later, a second version of the original bailout bill was passed by both the House and Senate, with Obama, his vice presidential running mate Joe Biden, and McCain all voting for the measure.^ Joe Biden and, later, for Sen.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ The Democratic Party ticket was Senator Barack Obama of Illinois , with Senator Joe Biden as his vice-presidential running mate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In the electoral college, the electors who had pledged to Greeley split their presidential electoral votes among four candidates, including 18 for Brown, Green's running mate.
  • Presidential Elections 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All the aforementioned remarks and campaign issues hurt McCain's standing with voters.^ In Florida, Romney had a 43% to 25% edge over McCain among voters who said immigration is the most important issue; however, they constituted only 16% of the voters.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In the South Carolina primary, 26% of GOP voters said illegal immigration was the main issue; among this group Huckabee beat McCain 33%-24%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ McCain also lost among voters who considered the economy as the top issue—Romney 42% McCain 29%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.All these also occurred after the economic crisis and after McCain's poll numbers had started to fall.^ To stay in favor with the American people all McCain has to do is keep reminding them that it is all about politics, and that it is the Obamas who started making comments about the Clintons and racism.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as Republican opinion polls are concerned, McCain started out 2008 with an averaged 1 point lead over his Republican counterparts.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ With all the bad press Bill Clinton has recieved, he still has the best economic numbers in the last 2 decades.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.Although sound bites of all of these "missteps" were played repeatedly on national television, most pundits and analysts agree that the actual financial crisis and economic conditions caused McCain's large drop in support in mid-September and severely damaged his campaign.^ Other conservatives object to his opposition to Bush's tax cuts in 2001, although McCain now supports their renewal.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ I have been a student of economics all of my life and believe the financial crisis we face today is something that has not been seen since 1906 or 1929.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I've met all of one (very tepid) McCain supporter in that demographic, compared to literally hundreds of fired up Obama supporters.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

[120][121]

Debates

The Commission on Presidential Debates announced four debates:[122]
  • September 26: The first presidential debate took place at the University of Mississippi. .The central issues debated were supposed to be foreign policy and national security.^ Senior Working Group on National Security (June 18, 2008) Policy Advisors (Nov.
    • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

    ^ Every major foreign policy and domestic issue over the past quarter of a century, I have been deeply involved in it.
    • Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary. Announces on Imus. - Lynn Sweet 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is the most serious foreign policy issue -- I agree with the president on this -- the implications on this working against us are profound.
    • Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary. Announces on Imus. - Lynn Sweet 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: Original source]

    However, due to the economic climate, some questions appeared on this topic. .The debate was formatted into nine nine-minute segments, and the moderator, Jim Lehrer of PBS, introduced the topics.^ On Friday I watched PBS's Jim Lehrer News Hour.
    • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

    [123]
  • October 2: The vice-presidential debate was hosted at Washington University in St. Louis, and was moderated by Gwen Ifill of PBS.[124]
  • October 7: The second presidential debate took place at Belmont University. It was a town meeting format debate moderated by NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, and addressed issues raised by members of the audience, particularly the economy.[125]
  • October 15: The third and final presidential debate was hosted at Hofstra University. It focused on domestic and economic policy. .Like the first presidential debate, it was formatted into segments, with moderator Bob Schieffer introducing the topics.^ "Lawrimore" /> One of his more unusual acting roles was serving as a Clinton stand-in, to help prepare [[Bob Dole]] for presidential debates in 1996.
    • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

    [125]
.Another debate was sponsored by the Columbia University political union and took place there on October 19. All candidates who could theoretically win the 270 electoral votes needed to win the election were invited, and Ralph Nader, Cynthia McKinney, and Chuck Baldwin agreed to attend.^ It will be hilarious all when you vote for McCain in the general election and he wins.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Former Green Party and Reform Party candidate and consumer rights activist Ralph Nader ran as an independent candidate with Matt Gonzalez as his running mate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ So, please, when you go vote, think of all us strange foreigners around the globe who are rooting for you, and think of your country and where you want it to go.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

Amy Goodman, principal host of Democracy Now!, moderated. It was broadcast on cable by C-SPAN and on the Internet by Break-the-Matrix.[126][127]

Campaign costs

.The reported cost of campaigning for president has increased significantly in recent years.^ Unions in recent years have increased their activism in the election cycle, especially in terms of funding and get-out-the-vote campaigns.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.One source reported that if the costs for both Democratic and Republican campaigns were added together (for the presidential primary election, general election, and the political conventions), the costs have more than doubled in only eight years ($448.9 million in 1996, $649.5 million in 2000, and $1.01 billion in 2004).^ Senior political advisor on Dick Gephardt's 2004 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ McCain's 1999-2000 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edwards' 2004 presidential campaign and Trip Director for Edwards in the general election.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[128] In January 2007, Federal Election Commission Chairman Michael E. Toner estimated that the 2008 race would be a $1 billion election, and that to be taken seriously, a candidate would have needed to raise at least $100 million by the end of 2007.[129]
.Although he had said he would not be running for president, published reports in 2007 indicated that billionaire and New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg had been considering a presidential bid as an independent with up to $1 billion of his own fortune to finance it.^ New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg had been making preparations for the possibility of becoming an independent candidate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Born in New York City; grew up in Brooklyn.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Grew up in the Hell's Kitchen section of New York City.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[130] Bloomberg ultimately ended this speculation by unequivocally stating that he would not run.[131] .Had Bloomberg decided to run, he would not have needed to campaign in the primary elections or participate in the conventions, reducing both the necessary length and cost of his campaign.^ He also said he does not support a [[constitutional amendment]] to ban [[gay marriage]], but that if necessary he would support one preserving each state's right to decide the matter for itself.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ Front running in a primary election, where for the most part the gloves are still on, does not establish his bona fides as a major political player.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On 17 October 2007, he announced he would file papers to run in South Carolina's Democratic and Republican primaries.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the increase in money expenditures, many candidates did not use the public financing system funded by the presidential election campaign fund checkoff.^ Edwards' 2004 presidential campaign and Trip Director for Edwards in the general election.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ FighttheSmears.com and UndertheRadar.com) Before joining the campaign, Croft built the tracking and media monitoring program at Progressive Accountability, a rapid-response communications advocacy campaign that provided video of Republican Presidential candidates for the mass public.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Of course, many in Clinton’s campaign have used this demographic reality to spin their defeat, vociferating that they had always expected to loose from the start.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.John McCain,[132] Tom Tancredo,[133] John Edwards,[134] Chris Dodd,[135] and Joe Biden[136] qualified for and elected to take public funds throughout the primary process.^ Hillary Rodham Clinton's primary campaign after serving as Trip Director on John Edwards' 2007-08 primary campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary.
  • Chris Dodd: Jumps in 2008 Dem White House primary. Announces on Imus. - Lynn Sweet 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Major Democratic candidates Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama chose not to participate in the public financing system.^ "Among Democrats, Obama has the momentum, but Clinton has the organization.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Clinton's best financed opponent was Barack Obama .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The American voters and the Democratic party have chosen Obama as the nominee, and your desperate and delusional insistance on insulting us highlights why Hillary lost.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[137]

Internet campaigns

.Howard Dean collected large contributions through the Internet in his 2004 primary run.^ Regional director in Portsmouth on Howard Dean's 2004-04 New Hampshire primary campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Acting field director on Howard Dean's South Carolina primary campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

In 2008, candidates went even further to reach out to Internet users through their own sites and such sites as YouTube, MySpace, and Facebook.[138][139]
.Democratic Party candidate Barack Obama created a broad grassroots movement and a new method of campaigning by courting and mobilizing activists, donations, and voters through the Internet.^ Democratic party rules prohibit At-Large and Pledged PLEO Democratic delegates from being awarded to candidates who have withdrawn prior to the time that the actual delegate is elected.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American voters and the Democratic party have chosen Obama as the nominee, and your desperate and delusional insistance on insulting us highlights why Hillary lost.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ So long as race-based voters are honest about their intentions, Barack Obama's position is no worse than it appears to be in the polls.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

It was part of a campaign that mobilized grassroots workers in every state. .Obama also set fundraising records in more than one month by gaining support from a record-breaking number of individual small donors.^ If obama gets elected and raises taxes on my small business (as he says he will) I will not be able to employ the number of people I have been...people will have to be fired, and I will have to scale back my production.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is not the sincere man of character and strength that McCain is - Obama in office would be nothing more than a puppet on lobbyist strings.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If we have a Democratic Congress Hillary will achieve as much or more than Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[140]
.On December 16, 2007, Ron Paul collected $6 million, more money on a single day through Internet donations than any presidential candidate in US history.^ Chris Dodd (D-CT) for more than five years, serving as scheduler in his Senate office and trip director and director of scheduling on his 2007 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Money became much more important in 2008 than previous elections.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Clinton “has won tens of millions of dollars more in federal earmarks this year than her rivals for the Democratic presidential nomination, even though two of them have significantly more Senate seniority,” The Hill newspaper reports.
  • Oh-eight (D): Obama on Hillary, John - First Read - msnbc.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

[141][142][143]
Anonymous and semi-anonymous smear campaigns, traditionally done with fliers and push calling, also spread to the Internet.[144] .Organizations specializing in the production and distribution of viral material, such as Brave New Films, emerged; such organizations have been said to be having a growing influence on American politics.^ The committee investigated [[1996 United States campaign finance controversy|alleged Chinese attempts to influence American politics]] prior to the 1996 elections.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

[145]

Expense summary

According to required campaign filings as reported by the Federal Election Commission (FEC), 148 candidates for all parties collectively raised $1,644,712,232 and spent $1,601,104,696 for the primary and general campaigns combined through November 24, 2008. The amounts raised and spent by the major candidates, according to the same source, were as follows:
Candidate (Party) Amount raised Amount spent Votes Average spent per vote
Barack Obama (D) $532,946,511 $513,557,218 69,498,215 $7.39
John McCain (R) $379,006,485 $346,666,422 59,948,240 $5.78
Ralph Nader (I) $4,496,180 $4,187,628 738,720 $5.67
Bob Barr (L) $1,383,681 $1,345,202 523,713 $2.57
Chuck Baldwin (C) $261,673 $234,309 199,437 $1.17
Cynthia McKinney (G) $240,130 $238,968 161,680 $1.48
Excludes spending by independent expenditure concerns.
Source: Federal Election Commission[146]
When comparing the "Amount spent" to "Votes", the relationship is Votes = 10^{0.799 log \left [Amount~spent \right ]+0.862}, with an F test significance of p < 0.01 and an R2 of 0.984.

Race

.An October 17–20, 2008 NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll showed among registered voters race made 2% more likely to vote for Barack Obama and made 4% less likely to vote for Barack Obama.^ Street shows how Obama voted for "...
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For more information, see: Barack Obama presidential campaign, 2008 .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Andy, Maybe, but you'd think the people who would be most inclined to lie to pollsters would be people who are "supposed" to vote for Barack Obama in the first place, e.g.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

Those not sure how it swayed them were 2%, and race was not a major factor in the other 92% (margin of error was ± 2.9).[147]
.A July 18–21, 2008 NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll showed that 20% of African American registered voters and 8% of White registered voters considered race the single most important factor when voting (margin of error was ± 3.1).^ Blacks African African-americans polls "voted for" .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Street shows how Obama voted for "...
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ July 20, 2008.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.This percentage increased in both groups from previous polls.^ GOP entrance polls Clinton did well among voters over 50, liberals, and both the lowest and highest income groups.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[148]
.A June 6–9, 2008 NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll showed that 17% were enthusiastic about Obama being the first African American President, 70% were comfortable or indifferent, and 13% had reservations or were uncomfortable (margin of error was ± 3.1).^ Blacks African African-americans polls "voted for" .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Street shows how Obama voted for "...
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New York Times Jan 17, 2008 ↑ Rasmussen Reports, "Michigan Exit Polls Show Challenges for McCain," Jan 16, 2008 online ↑ Cathleen Decker and Seema Mehta, "Clinton, Obama reach new level of rancor," Los Angeles Times Jan 22.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[149]

Controversies

.Some pre-election controversies in the election revolved around challenges to voter registration lists, involving techniques such as caging lists alleged to constitute voter suppression.^ Some states do not record party preference in registration; in those states, voters can choose to vote in either primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The committee investigated [[1996 United States campaign finance controversy|alleged Chinese attempts to influence American politics]] prior to the 1996 elections.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ Specifically, there have been instances in which such elections have seen the non-white candidate significantly underperform with respect to the results predicted by pre-election polls.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Allegations of voter list purges using unlawful criteria caused controversy in at least six swing states: Colorado, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Nevada and North Carolina.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gilkey started as the campaign's deputy political director in Chicago and later served as Georgia state director and North Carolina political director.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Formerly Obama for America political and field staff, including Northwest regional field director in Nevada and Charlotte regional field director in North Carolina.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[150] On October 5, 2008 the Republican Lt. Governor of Montana, John Bohlinger, accused the Montana Republican Party of vote caging to purge 6,000 voters from three counties which trend Democratic.[151] .Allegations arose in Michigan that the Republican Party planned to challenge the eligibility of voters based on lists of foreclosed homes.^ His base is primarily evangelical Christians, who are about 35% of the GOP vote, but he does quite poorly among other segments of the Republican party.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ I am not alone...so you nominate Obama and Obama will self-destruct under the Republican scrutiny and by all the voters you have disenfranchised from the Democratic Party!
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[152] .The campaign of Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama filed a lawsuit challenging this.^ Obama will be the Democratic nominee.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ For more information, see: Barack Obama presidential campaign, 2008 .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The American voters and the Democratic party have chosen Obama as the nominee, and your desperate and delusional insistance on insulting us highlights why Hillary lost.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.The House Judiciary Committee wrote to the Department of Justice requesting an investigation.^ He later served as co-chief counsel to the [[Senate Watergate Committee]] in its investigation of the [[Watergate scandal]], (1973–1974), and afterwards wrote a book about it.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

[153]
.Virginia election authorities were ordered by a federal judge to preserve late-arriving absentee ballots sent by active-duty military personnel following a suit by the McCain campaign.^ GOP exit poll DEM exit poll McCain won moderates and independents, and scored well among the large active-duty and retired military population.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Of 8,012 TV spots, Romney aired 4,475, followed by 3,067 for Giuliani and a mere 470 for the cash-strapped McCain campaign.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ FEC indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary "Total Receipts" for candidates for Federal Office.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It alleged that the state sent absentee ballots late to service members.[154] .According to federal law, absentee ballots must be mailed to troops in foreign countries at least 45 days before an election.^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Thompson says U.S. borders need to be secured before considering comprehensive [[Illegal immigration to the United States|immigration]] reform, and federal law must be enforced in sanctuary cities which currently ban cooperation between local officials and federal immigration officials.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ TRANSITION Transition planning proceeded very quietly for some months before Election Day.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

The charge against Virginia was that the ballots were not printed until after the deadline and therefore were mailed late to soldiers abroad.[155]
.Guam's 173,000 residents are U.S. citizens, and must obey U.S. laws passed in Washington, yet they have neither a voting member of Congress, nor votes in the Electoral College.^ Atomize (or RSS-ify) government data (votes, contributions, Members of Congress's calendars) and you enable the rest of us to make clear the economy of influence that is Washington."
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Atomize (or RSS-ify) government data (votes, contributions, Members of Congress's calendars) and you enable the rest of us to make clear the economy of influence that is Washington.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We as Democrats and Americans in general must point out that it is now time to put morals back in our homes and politics back in Washington where they are despretely needed.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[156] .Since 1980, they have held a straw poll for president at the same time as the U.S. national elections.^ Polls show Americans were unusually focused on this year's election, more so than for any recent election at this time in the election-year cycle.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The Gallup poll found in early February that 71% said they had given "quite a lot of thought" to the election, a number that Gallup called "extraordinarily high" for this time in the election cycle.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ If you are black in America, you have tremendous opportunity compared to any other nation but at the same time, you fight injustice every day.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 2007, Guam's legislature voted to move the straw poll up to September to draw attention to the choices of Guam's population and their continued disfranchisement,[156] but the governor vetoed the bill.^ In terms of his Senate voting, he moved 15 places to the left in 2007, ranking as the most-liberal member of the U.S. Senate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Ended his candidacy after coming in sixth in the 11 August 2007 Ames Straw Poll in Iowa.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In terms of her Senate voting, Clinton moved 16 places to the left in 2007, ranking as the 16th-most-liberal senator.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[157] Obama won the 2008 Guam straw poll with 20,120 votes to McCain's 11,940.[158]
.Libertarian candidate Bob Barr filed a lawsuit in Texas to have Obama and McCain removed from the ballot in that state.^ And keep trying to convince yourself that Hillary can't beat Obama, so she's CLEARLY the right candidate to go against McCain - 'cuz that really makes sense.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Former Republican congressman for Georgia Bob Barr was on the Libertarian Party ticket, and achieved ballot access in forty-five states, with vice-presidential candidate Wayne Allen Root .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Although the likelihood of their success was close to zero, the Green, Libertarian and Constitution candidates were on enough ballots to have the possibility of getting enough electoral votes for the presidency.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[159] .His campaign alleged that both the candidates had missed the August 26 deadline to file, and were present on the ballot contrary to Texas election law.^ Ballot and debate access for third party and independent candidates has always been controversial, but no significant change has happened this year to the last few years of American elections.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ FEC indicates the Federal Election Commission (FEC) Campaign Finance Summary "Total Receipts" for candidates for Federal Office.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 13, 2008 2:13 PM -------------------------------- JakeD, current laws do not allow one candidate to transfer funds from one campaign to pay down debt for another campaign.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Neither candidate at the time of the deadline had been confirmed as the candidate for their respective parties.^ Democratic party rules prohibit At-Large and Pledged PLEO Democratic delegates from being awarded to candidates who have withdrawn prior to the time that the actual delegate is elected.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Texas Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit without explanation.[160]
Significant criticism was leveled at media outlets' coverage of the presidential election season. .At the February debate, Tim Russert of NBC News was criticized for what some perceived as disproportionately tough questioning of Democratic presidential contender Hillary Clinton.^ Hillary Clinton, the Senator from New York, and the wife of popular former president Bill Clinton , hoped to use her experience and the strength of her organization to win the nomination.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ But what put me over the line with Senator Clinton was the refusal to join the bipartisan call that presidential debates be free .
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Producer for NBC News in Washington, DC; covered the 1996 and 1998 elections, Congress and the Clinton impeachment hearings.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[161] .Among the questions, Russert had asked Clinton, but not Obama, to provide the name of the new Russian President (Dmitry Medvedev).^ It is for that reason I am asking you to join me in supporting Obama for President.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you think that Obama with no experience will be better than Hillary Clinton who spent 8 years at the right hand of President Bill Clinton.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ I wasn't aware that asking a simple question to Arbiter was a criteria under the proposed DSM-V. You learn something new every day, I guess.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[161] This was later parodied on Saturday Night Live. .In October 2007, liberal commentators accused Russert of harassing Clinton over the issue of supporting drivers' licenses for illegal immigrants.^ In 2007, Hillary Clinton led all the polls as first choice of Democrats, with especially strong support from women.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ He has portrayed himself as Mr Efficiency--as the corporate executive candidate who understands the economy "in my DNA." He then attacked illegal immigrants, an issue that had little traction.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ After the "elitist" comment made by Senator Clinton, I made the decision to support Senator Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[162]
On April 16, ABC News hosted a debate in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Moderators Charles Gibson and George Stephanopoulos were criticized by viewers, bloggers and media critics for the poor quality of their questions.[161][162] .Many viewers said they considered some of the questions irrelevant when measured against the importance of the faltering economy or the Iraq war.^ Even in the worst economy and the Iraq War, the Dems find a way to lose!
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain did win among those consider the War in Iraq the top issue—McCain 41% Romney 31%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ He has already said that there will be more wars and that we may be in Iraq for 100 years.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.Included in that category were continued questions about Obama’s former pastor, Senator Hillary Clinton’s assertion that she had to duck sniper fire in Bosnia more than a decade ago, and Senator Obama's not wearing an American flag pin.^ Obama and his relation with his pastor, who is Hillaries pastor?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ If we have a Democratic Congress Hillary will achieve as much or more than Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And, it has nothing to do with whether or not he wears a flag pin.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[161] .The moderators focused on campaign gaffes and some believed they focused too much on Obama.^ While some are comparing electing Obama to JFK, they could not be more wrong.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They don’t want a candidate that lies about his relationship with Tony Rezko, the Syrian Criminal that sold his property to Obama and supported his campaign.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The significance of this racial division is crucial in understanding the fate of Barack Obama’s campaign, and the Democratic Party, if they chose to face the General Election with him at the helm.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

[162] .Stephanopoulos defended their performance, saying "Senator Obama was the front-runner" and the questions were "not inappropriate or irrelevant at all."^ On September 16, 2007 the campaign announced its National Advisory Outreach Team ("work with Senator Obama and his campaign team to ensure that the campaign platform is inclusive of the ideas of all groups."
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ The fact that in a year that screams out for change and will produce a Democratic landslide, Obama can't even sniff 50% at this point says it all.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't get to take part in your elections, but as a Canadian I have to say that Obama has struck me as one of the most interesting candidates in the democratic party, especially among the front-runners for both parties.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

[161][162]
In an op-ed published on 2008 April 27 in The New York Times, Elizabeth Edwards bemoaned that the media covered much more of "the rancor of the campaign" and "amount of money spent" than "the candidates' priorities, policies and principles."[163] Author Erica Jong commented that "our press has become a sea of triviality, meanness and irrelevant chatter."[164]
.The Project for Excellence in Journalism and Harvard University's Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy conducted a study of 5,374 media narratives and assertions about the presidential candidates from 2008 January 1 through 2008 March 9. The study found that Obama received 69 percent favorable coverage and Clinton received 67 percent, compared to only 43 percent favorable media coverage of McCain.^ Graduate studies in public policy at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Among Democrats who are passionate about a candidate, 53% favor Clinton and 28% Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ A.B. in public policy from the University of Chicago, 1999.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[165] .Another study by the Center for Media and Public Affairs at George Mason University found the media coverage of Obama to be 72% negative from June 8 to July 21 compared to 57% negative for McCain.^ I've met all of one (very tepid) McCain supporter in that demographic, compared to literally hundreds of fired up Obama supporters.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Graduate studies in public policy at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ B.A. in political science from the School of Public Affairs at American University, 1995 and M.A. in political science also from American University, 1997.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[166] .An October 29 study found 29 percent of stories about Obama to be negative, compared to 57 percent of stories about McCain being negative.^ To stay in favor with the American people all McCain has to do is keep reminding them that it is all about politics, and that it is the Obamas who started making comments about the Clintons and racism.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I've met all of one (very tepid) McCain supporter in that demographic, compared to literally hundreds of fired up Obama supporters.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 55% of the voters were black, and they gave Obama 78% of their vote, compared to 19% for Clinton and 2% for Edwards, who won the primary there in 2004.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[167]
.An October 22, 2008 Pew Research Center poll estimated 70 percent of registered voters believed journalists wanted Barack Obama to win the election, as opposed to 9 percent for John McCain.^ TIME : ' Why Barack Obama is winning .'
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Obama cannot win the general election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ I truly believe Obama will win this nomination.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

[168] .Another Pew survey, conducted after the election, found that 67% of voters thought that the press fairly covered Obama, versus 30% who viewed the coverage as unfair.^ Unlike the normal, pre-election polls, exit polls conducted on the day of the election did substantially overstate Barack Obama's margins throughout the primaries.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to CNN exit polls in Indiana, 13.4% of Clinton primary voters would vote against Clinton and for McCain in the General Election, if Clinton is the nominee (compared to 4.5% of Obama voters who would vote for McCain in a hypothetical matchup between McCain and Obama).
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm undecided about who & which party I’m voting for, but found this great article called "Black Voters and a Twist of Bias" on the BlogZine SAVAGE POLITICS. .
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.Regarding McCain, 53% of voters viewed his press coverage as fair versus 44% who characterized it as unfair.^ McCain also lost among voters who considered the economy as the top issue—Romney 42% McCain 29%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ In Florida, Romney had a 43% to 25% edge over McCain among voters who said immigration is the most important issue; however, they constituted only 16% of the voters.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The 28% of GOP voters who want to give the illegals a path to citizenship gave McCain 44% of their vote, versus 31% for Huckabee.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.Among affiliated Democrats, 83% believed the press fairly covered Obama; just 22% of Republicans thought the press was fair to McCain.^ Just because he smiles a broad smile and swaggers confidently when he puts on his Obama Show, doesn’t give him the right to get away with Republican antics.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you think all those Republicans voting for Obama in the Democratic primaries, and caucuses are doing so because they think he is a stronger Democratic candidate than Hillary Clinton.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Just wait for the Republicans to take this Obama guy apart on the character issues he was so infuriated by in the last debate.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[169]

Election results

.
Final poll closing times on Election Day.
^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Polls show Americans were unusually focused on this year's election, more so than for any recent election at this time in the election-year cycle.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Unlike the normal, pre-election polls, exit polls conducted on the day of the election did substantially overstate Barack Obama's margins throughout the primaries.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

     7PM EST [00:00 UTC] (6)      7:30PM EST [00:30 UTC] (3)      8PM EST [01:00 UTC] (15+DC)      8:30PM EST [01:30 UTC] (1)      9PM EST [02:00 UTC] (15)      10PM EST [03:00 UTC] (4)      11PM EST [04:00 UTC] (5)      1AM EST [06:00 UTC] (1)

Election Day

.November 4, 2008 was Election Day in 50 states and the District of Columbia; it was the last of 21 consecutive election days in Oregon, which abolished the voting booth in 1998. The majority of states allowed early voting, with all states allowing some form of absentee voting.^ Six states plus the District of Columbia hold Democratic contests in mid-February, with some 400 delegates.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ I have 3 sons, all in their early 20's, who stand to be greatly impacted with the coming election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Obama broke all fund-raising records, and in the first four months of 2008 was averaging a million dollars a day, double what Clinton raised and triple that for McCain.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[170] .Voters cast votes for listed presidential candidates but were actually selecting their state's slate of Electoral College electors.^ For all of you out there whining about MI and FL and the popular vote, think about working to change the Electoral College so that maybe someday in this country we can actually have "one person-one vote" in this country.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ If the presidential election were held today, the latest update of the CNN Electoral College Map estimates Democratic candidate Barack Obama would win enough electoral votes to capture the White House.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senior Legal Advisers - a substantial team and State Counsel - answered primarily for voter protection in their states, working with the national legal team and the vote protection coordinators.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.A McCain victory quickly became improbable as Obama amassed early wins in Illinois (his home state), the Northeast and the critical battleground states of Ohio and Pennsylvania by 9:20 PM.[171] Obama won the entire Northeast by comfortable margins and the Great Lakes states of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota by double digits.^ McCain, Obama on blitz through battleground states on final day .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Illinois senator has a shot at winning a state in the South.
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Video CNN polls show Obama gaining in battleground states .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.McCain managed to hold on to traditionally Republican states like North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Oklahoma, and Wyoming and swept all the traditionally Republican Deep South states.^ If Ron Paul manages to surpass McCain in delagates, come talk to me about having a differnt Republican choice other than McCain.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Independents, who gave McCain his win in South Carolina, are excluded here, as only registered Republicans can vote.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ After all, Wilder won Virginia and that was when the state was a deep hue of red, not the purple we see today.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

.Obama won the hotly contested states of Iowa and New Mexico, which Al Gore had won in 2000 and George W. Bush in 2004. CNN and Fox News called Virginia for Obama shortly before 11pm, leaving him only 50 electoral votes shy of victory with only six West Coast states (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Alaska, and Hawaii) still voting.^ Massachusetts state director on Gore 2000.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ She contributed to McCain in 2000 and to Bush in 2004.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only six small states have yet to vote.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.All American networks called the election in favor of Obama at 11:00 PM Eastern Standard Time as the polls closed on the West Coast.^ The Primary’s exit polling, presented by all major networks, were utilized by analysts to determine how was Obama’s, Edwards’, and Clinton’s support spread throughout different social markers.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ With only a few days to go before the election, the polls still pointed towards a win for Obama.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ November 14, 2007 9:11 PM t.a.: opposing Obama because his children, ages 6 & 9, attend church?
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

.Obama was immediately declared the winner in California, Oregon, Washington, and Hawaii, McCain won Idaho, and the Electoral College totals were updated to 297 for Obama and 146 for McCain (270 are needed to win).^ Obama won't win the presidency against McCain either.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain tries to turn must-win states; Obama stays on offense .
  • U.S. Presidential Election: News & Videos about U.S. Presidential Election - CNN.com 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am NOT voting for Obama's or McCain's or Clinton's ex-pastors, college roommates, fellow professors, etc.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.McCain gave a concession speech half an hour later in his home state of Arizona.^ The Republicans gave victory to Arizona Senator John McCain in most of the primaries, and national leaders have rallied to his cause.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[172] .President-elect Obama appeared just before midnight Eastern Time on November 5 in Grant Park, Chicago, in front of a crowd of 250,000 people to deliver his victory speech.^ Obama's speech which he will soon deliver.

^ "Senator Obama's victory speech [in Iowa] was a concise oratorical gem.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ November 14, 2007 8:13 PM Mark Billingsley: Wow...nominating and electing a president because of their astrological sign.
  • 4Barack (Lessig Blog) 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC lessig.org [Source type: Original source]

[173]
.
Cartogram of the Electoral Votes for 2008 United States presidential election, each square representing one electoral vote.
^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ United States presidential election .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ [[Fred Thompson]] is a [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party]] primary candidate to represent his party in the [[United States presidential election, 2008|2008 United States presidential election]].
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

The map shows the impact of winning swing states. Nebraska, being one of two states that are not winner-take-all, for the first time had its votes split, with its second congressional district voting for Obama.
.Following Obama's speech, spontaneous street parties broke out in cities across the United States including Philadelphia, Miami, Chicago, Columbus, Detroit, Boston, Los Angeles, Seattle, Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Denver, Atlanta, Madison, and New York City[174] and around the world in London; Bonn; Berlin; Obama, Japan; Toronto; Rio de Janeiro; Sydney; and Nairobi.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New York Times Jan 17, 2008 ↑ Rasmussen Reports, "Michigan Exit Polls Show Challenges for McCain," Jan 16, 2008 online ↑ Cathleen Decker and Seema Mehta, "Clinton, Obama reach new level of rancor," Los Angeles Times Jan 22.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Clinton's traditional approach involves money--for example hiring a state representative at $20,000 a month, who in turns gives out "walking-around money," or "street money" to local supporters to guarantee turnout.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[175]
.Later on election night, after Obama was named the President-elect, he picked up several more wins in swing states in which the polls had shown a close race.^ Obama cannot win the general election.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ I believe that Barack Obama should be elected President of the United States.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not Obama, this election is not about race!
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.These included Florida, Indiana, Virginia, and the western states of Colorado and Nevada.^ Paige has also worked on local, state and national campaigns including the Kerry/Edwards campaign in Nevada in 2004.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.All of these states had been carried by Bush in 2004.^ New Hampshire state field director for President Bush's re-election campaign in 2004.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both of these qualities are in Obama, and he will intrinsically and naturally showcase these qualities as the next President of this USA. I urge all states to vote for him overwhelmingly.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.North Carolina and the bellwether state of Missouri remained undecided for several days.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He then began a five-day tour of early voting states, including Iowa, New Hampshire and [[South Carolina]].
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

.Eventually Obama was declared the winner in North Carolina and McCain in Missouri, with Obama pulling out a rare win in Nebraska's 2nd congressional district.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Independents, who gave McCain his win in South Carolina, are excluded here, as only registered Republicans can vote.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ California awards 11 of 170 delegates to the statewide plurality winner, and the remaining 159 as winner-take-all per congressional district.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.This put the projected electoral vote count at 365 for Obama and 173 for McCain.^ I'm saying to count the portion of the poll that looks good for Obama (white VA) and not count the portion that looks good for McCain (black VA).
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is quoting the projected vote for McCain 80 v Obama 20, respectively, if Obama is the nominee.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Well there is no question the only way Obama gets my vote now is if Hillary is on the ticket too, McCain is looking pretty good.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama's victories in the populous swing states of Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Virginia contributed to his decisive win.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know you are in the tank for Obama Nate, but you can try to play down the Bradley Effect, but those on the right and left realize this election will come down to race, especially in the states of Ohio and Florida.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it me, or is Hillary claiming every state since Ohio that she has won as a state that is necessary to win the general?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

The presidential electors cast their ballots for President and Vice President, and these Congress tallied these votes on January 8, 2009.[176]

Nationwide results

.Popular vote totals are from the official Federal Election Commission report.^ Commissioner at the Federal Election Commission, 1991-95.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any candidate for President of the United States reporting a minimum of $200,000 in "Total Receipts" to the Federal Election Commission is hereby defined as a "principal candidate" for the purposes of 'The Green Papers' website.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Second she has to come close in the popular vote in the primaries, but by May 7 is now 710,000 behind in official primaries, 50% to 47%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

Congress certified the electoral vote totals on January 8, 2009.[176]
Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate Running mate's
home state
Running mate's
electoral vote
Count Pct
Barack Obama Democratic Illinois 69,456,897 52.92% 365 Joe Biden Delaware 365
John McCain Republican Arizona 59,934,814 45.66% 173 Sarah Palin Alaska 173
Ralph Nader Independent Connecticut 738,475 0.56% 0 Matt Gonzalez California 0
Bob Barr Libertarian Georgia 523,686 0.40% 0 Wayne Allyn Root Nevada 0
Chuck Baldwin Constitution Florida 199,314 0.15% 0 Darrell Castle Tennessee 0
Cynthia McKinney Green Georgia 161,603 0.12% 0 Rosa Clemente North Carolina 0
Other 242,539 0.18% Other
Total 131,257,328 100% 538 538
Needed to win 270 270

Turnout

.The voter turnout for this election was broadly predicted to be high by American standards,[177][178][179] and a record number of votes were cast.^ We know Obama's campaign turned out young and minority voters in record numbers.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Voters under 30 showed unusually high turnout rates as they rallied to Obama, 70%-26%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Some states do not record party preference in registration; in those states, voters can choose to vote in either primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[180] .The final tally of total votes counted was 131.3 million, compared to 122.3 million in 2004 (which also boasted the highest record since 1968, after which the voting age was lowered to 18).^ Obama counted on 1.475 million total donors, who made 2.93 million contributions, averaging $91 each.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ About 55% of the voters were black, and they gave Obama 78% of their vote, compared to 19% for Clinton and 2% for Edwards, who won the primary there in 2004.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ This is part of the reason the voting age should be lowered While some complacent, uneducated voters might support Obama, most Americans under 18 are studying the facts and have no intention of supporting such an obvious liar.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Expressed as a percentage of eligible voters, 131.2 million votes could reflect a turnout as high as 63.0% of eligible voters, which would be the highest since 1960.^ Since most pollsters base their LV models on previous voting patterns, it would follow that they missed a huge chunk of voters who voted in their first presidential primary.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the year millions of independents and, yes, millions of Republicans are looking for something new and fresh and bold (and you are the Kennedy Republicans would vote for!
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Upwards of a third of Clinton supporters said they would not vote for Obama in the fall; thus in Kentucky, a majority of Democratic primary voters indicated they would not vote for Obama in November.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[181][182] This 63.0% turnout rate is based on an estimated eligible voter population of 208,323,000.[182] Another estimate puts the eligible voter population at 212,720,027, resulting in a turnout rate of 61.7%, which would be the highest turnout rate since 1968.[183]
.American University's Center for the Study of the American Electorate released a report on November 6, 2008, two days after the election, which concluded that the anticipated increase in turnout had failed to materialize.^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Data released Jan 16 by Rasmussen Reports shows that 73% of Americans believe the economy is getting worse.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Financial report not available • Declaration of Intent of Candidacy: Friday 28 November 2008 • Address: GREENWOOD, MO 64034 .
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[181] .That report was the basis for some news articles that indicated voter turnout failed to meet expectations.^ Throughout the long primary season new records were set for attandance at rallies, fundraising, voter turnout, and registration of new voters, especially on the Democratic side.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Bruce Dixon and Glen Ford of the Black Agenda Report have written articles exposing Obama's fraud in pretending to represent the interests of African-American voters.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gary Langer and Brian Hartman, "Black Voters Lift Obama to S.C. Victory; Obama Showing Among White Voters in S.C. Indicates Uphill Battle Ahead," ABC News Jan.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

[184][185] .When the remaining votes were counted after the release of the report, the total number of votes cast in the presidential election was raised to 131.2 million, which surpassed the American University report's preliminary estimate of 126.5 to 128.5 million voters by a factor of between 2% and 4%.^ An interesting aside, the first election I voted in I got to choose between him or David Duke as my governor...one of the only times I did NOT vote republican).
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its not logical to equate caucus vote to a primary vote and moreover four of the state which obama won do not release the vote totals at all.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Data released Jan 16 by Rasmussen Reports shows that 73% of Americans believe the economy is getting worse.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.African American turnout increased from 11.1% of the electorate in 2004 to 13.0% in 2008.[186] According to exit polls, over 95% of African Americans voted for Barack Obama.^ Are the 92% of African-Americans voting for Obama also "racists"?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ May 13, 2008 11:01 AM .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ May 13, 2008 11:54 AM .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.This played a critical role in southern states such as North Carolina.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gilkey started as the campaign's deputy political director in Chicago and later served as Georgia state director and North Carolina political director.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Graduate of North Carolina State University.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.74% of North Carolina's registered African American voters turned out, as opposed to 69% of North Carolinians in general, with Obama carrying an unprecedented 100%[citation needed] (with rounding) of African American females and African Americans age 18 to 29, according to exit polling.^ Some states including, Georgia, North Carolina, and Oregon have completely driven out the payday loan companies.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama won the African-American vote 82% to 18%, while Clinton won among whites 70% to 26%.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ That's not surprising if one recognizes that Republicans have ample rationalization for viewing Obama negatively whether they share negative attitudes toward African Americans, or not.
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

[187] .This was the case in Virginia as well where much higher turnout among African Americans propelled Obama to victory in the former Republican stronghold.^ Just because Obama is an African American does not give him a free pass or license to get away with manipulating the Media or the people.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For someone whose ancestors owned black slaves, Obama tries to put pressure on African-Americans and fails.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama's staff is much lower profile and less well known than many in Hillary's camp.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[188] Even in southern states where Obama was unsuccessful, such as Georgia and Mississippi, due to large African American turnout he was much more competitive than John Kerry in 2004.[189][190]

State results

.This table records the official final state election board tallies for those presidential candidates who were listed on ballots in enough states to have a theoretical chance for a majority in the Electoral College.^ United States presidential election .
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The United States held its 55th quadrennial presidential election on November 4, 2008.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ The religious conservative Constitution Party (formerly the U.S. Taxpayers' Party) has nominated Chuck Baldwin , a pastor and local Moral Majority leader who ran as the party's vice-presidential candidate in 2004, along with Darrell Castle as vice-presidential candidate.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

The first two columns contain the state name and its number of electors. .Bold indicates statewide vote count winner in each state and winners in each electoral district of Maine and Nebraska, the only two states that apportion electoral votes by district.^ Public opinion polls indicate strength nationwide, and in the states that vote early in the caucus and primary schedule.
  • I'm With Fred08 - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC www.mywikibiz.com [Source type: News]

^ Their results indicated that 80% of the Black vote, and only 20% of the White vote, went towards Barack Obama.
  • Ted Kennedy endorsing Obama - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence - Boston.com 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ Florida is important, with 57 delegates awarded to the statewide winner (the state lost its other 57 delegates by breaking national rules and holding an early primary.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.State popular vote results are from the official Federal Election Commission report.^ We compare the final trendline estimate from Pollster.com against the actual results from that state: On average, Barack Obama overperformed the Pollster.com trendline by 3.3 points on election day .
  • FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Persistent Myth of the Bradley Effect 10 September 2009 21:021 UTC www.fivethirtyeight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any candidate for President of the United States reporting a minimum of $200,000 in "Total Receipts" to the Federal Election Commission is hereby defined as a "principal candidate" for the purposes of 'The Green Papers' website.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hillary Rodham CLINTON will be the immediate future President of the United States of America, because it's so WRITTEN!Whatever people do, be it popular vote, superdelegates vote etc...
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Four states, Georgia, Illinois, New York, and Ohio, have since amended the popular vote results.^ Managed the congressional campaign of former New York State Assistant Attorney General Edward R. Adams in 1996.
  • Key People-Sen. John McCain 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McCain's success on Tsunami Tuesday, especially in such major states as California, New York, Illinois and New Jersey, forced Romney out of the race.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ John McCain won the remaining primaries, in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, and Oklahoma.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

.The updated Georgia results, Illinois results, New York results, and Ohio results are included here.^ McCain's success on Tsunami Tuesday, especially in such major states as California, New York, Illinois and New Jersey, forced Romney out of the race.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ John McCain won the remaining primaries, in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, and Oklahoma.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

^ Clinton won in Arizona, Alaska, California, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Tennessee, and Oklahoma, while Obama won in Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Missouri, and Utah.
  • 2008 United States presidential election - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 18 September 2009 5:37 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: News]

States/districts won by Obama/Biden
States/districts won by McCain/Palin
State Electors Obama McCain Nader Barr Baldwin McKinney Others
Alabama 9 813,479 1,266,546 6,788 4,991 4,310 3,705
Alaska 3 123,594 193,841 3,783 1,589 1,660 1,730
Arizona 10 1,034,707 1,230,111 11,301 12,555 1,371 3,406 24
Arkansas 6 422,310 638,017 12,882 4,776 4,023 3,470 1,139
California 55 8,274,473 5,011,781 108,381 67,582 3,145 38,774 57,764
Colorado 9 1,288,576 1,073,589 13,350 10,897 6,233 2,822 5,894
Connecticut 7 997,772 629,428 19,162 311 90 29
Delaware 3 255,459 152,374 2,401 1,109 626 385 58
District of Columbia 3 245,800 17,367 958 590 1,138
Florida 27 4,282,074 4,045,624 28,124 17,218 7,915 2,887 6,902
Georgia 15 1,844,123 2,048,759 1,158 28,731 1,402 250 63
Hawaii 4 325,871 120,566 3,825 1,314 1,013 979
Idaho 4 236,440 403,012 7,175 3,658 4,747
Illinois 21 3,419,348 2,031,179 30,948 19,642 8,256 11,838 1,160
Indiana 11 1,374,039 1,345,648 909 29,257 1,024 87 90
Iowa 7 828,940 682,379 8,014 4,590 4,445 1,423 7,332
Kansas 6 514,765 699,655 10,527 6,706 4,148 35 36
Kentucky 8 751,985 1,048,462 15,378 5,989 4,694
Louisiana 9 782,989 1,148,275 6,997 2,581 9,187 10,732
Maine 2* 421,923 295,273 10,636 251 177 2,900 431
ME 1st Dist. 1 232,145 144,604 5,263 1,362 252
ME 2nd Dist. 1 189,778 150,669 5,373 1,538 179
Maryland 10 1,629,467 959,862 14,713 9,842 3,760 4,747 9,205
Massachusetts 12 1,904,097 1,108,854 28,841 13,189 4,971 6,550 14,483
Michigan 17 2,872,579 2,048,639 33,085 23,716 14,685 8,892 170
Minnesota 10 1,573,354 1,275,409 30,152 9,174 6,787 5,174 10,319
Mississippi 6 554,662 724,597 4,011 2,529 2,551 1,034 481
Missouri 11 1,441,911 1,445,814 17,813 11,386 8,201 80
Montana 3 231,667 242,763 3,686 1,355 143 23 10,638
Nebraska 2* 333,319 452,979 5,406 2,740 2,972 1,028 2,837
NE 1st Dist. 1 121,468 148,179 1,970 929 1,019 393
NE 2nd Dist. 1 138,752 135,439 1,621 1,007 604 321
NE 3rd Dist. 1 73,099 169,361 1,815 804 1,349 314
Nevada 5 533,736 412,827 6,150 4,263 3,194 1,411 6,267
New Hampshire 4 384,826 316,534 3,503 2,217 226 40 3,624
New Jersey 15 2,215,422 1,613,207 21,298 8,441 3,956 3,636 2,277
New Mexico 5 472,422 346,832 5,327 2,428 1,597 1,552
New York 31 4,804,701 2,752,728 41,248 19,595 634 12,801 8,936
North Carolina 15 2,142,651 2,128,474 1,448 25,722 158 13,942
North Dakota 3 141,278 168,601 4,189 1,354 1,199
Ohio 20 2,940,044 2,677,820 42,337 19,917 12,565 8,518 7,149
Oklahoma 7 502,496 960,165
Oregon 7 1,037,291 738,475 18,614 7,635 7,693 4,543 13,613
Pennsylvania 21 3,276,363 2,655,885 42,977 19,912 1,092
Rhode Island 4 296,571 165,391 4,829 1,382 675 797 122
South Carolina 8 862,449 1,034,896 5,053 7,283 6,827 4,461
South Dakota 3 170,924 203,054 4,267 1,835 1,895
Tennessee 11 1,087,437 1,479,178 11,560 8,547 8,191 2,499 2,337
Texas 34 3,528,633 4,479,328 5,440 56,116 5,395 831 2,781
Utah 5 327,670 596,030 8,416 6,966 12,012 982 294
Vermont 3 219,262 98,974 3,339 1,067 500 66 1,904
Virginia 13 1,959,532 1,725,005 11,483 11,067 7,474 2,344 6,355
Washington 11 1,750,848 1,229,216 29,489 12,728 9,432 3,819 1,346
West Virginia 5 303,857 397,466 7,219 2,465 2,355 89
Wisconsin 10 1,677,211 1,262,393 17,605 8,858 5,072 4,216 8,062
Wyoming 3 82,868 164,958 2,525 1,594 1,192 1,521
U.S. Total 538 69,498,215 59,948,240 738,720 523,713 199,437 161,680 226,979

Interpretive maps

Close states/districts

.
States/districts in the 2008 United States Presidential election where the margin of victory was less than 5%.
^ The list reflects publicly committed backers of 2008 presidential hopefuls rather than members' private leanings or inclinations.
  • TheHill.com - Endorsements 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC thehill.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm referring to the kind of "Presidential" experience you get when you live and work with the President of the United States.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Senator Thompson withdrew on 22 January 2008 stating "Today I have withdrawn my candidacy for President of the United States.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Blue states/districts went for Obama, red for McCain.^ Whether you are for Obama or Clinton or McCain have the decency to allow everyone's voice to be heard including states that have yet to vote.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Yellow states were won by either candidate by 5% or more.^ Yes, there is still more of a nightmare that could exist, should the wrong candidate get elected to become president of the United States.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico, Virginia and Iowa were won by Bush in 2004 but were won by Obama by a margin of more than 5% in 2008.
.Red font color denotes states won by Republican John McCain; blue denotes those won by Democrat Barack Obama.^ Even with all of his flaws, John McCain is still more mainstream America than Barack and Michelle Obama, who are fringe America trying to convince everyone else to join them there.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that Barack Obama should be elected President of the United States.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For those threatening to vote for John McCain or to stay home and help ensure Barack Obama's defeat, as a way to protest what you call Obama's sexism (examples of which you seem to have difficulty coming up with), all the while claiming to be standing up for women...
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

States/districts where the margin of victory was under 5% (88 electoral votes):
  1. Missouri 0.14%
  2. North Carolina 0.32%
  3. Indiana 1.04%
  4. Nebraska's 2nd congressional district 1.19%
  5. Montana 2.25%
  6. Florida 2.82%
  7. Ohio 4.59%
States/districts where margin of victory was more than 5% but less than 10% (64 electoral votes):
  1. Georgia 5.21%
  2. Virginia 6.29%
  3. South Dakota 8.41%
  4. Arizona 8.52%
  5. North Dakota 8.63%
  6. South Carolina 8.97%
  7. Iowa 9.54%
  8. New Hampshire 9.65%
  9. Nebraska's 1st congressional district 9.77%

Ballot access

Presidential ticket Party Ballot access[192] Votes
Obama / Biden Democratic 50+DC 69,456,897
McCain / Palin Republican 50+DC 59,934,814
Nader / Gonzalez Independent 45+DC 736,804
Barr / Root Libertarian 45 524,524
Baldwin / Castle Constitution 37 196,461
McKinney / Clemente Green 32 161,195
Others — total (see below) 226,908
.No other candidate had ballot access in enough states to win 270 electoral votes, although Brian Moore (Socialist) had a theoretical chance, through write-in status, of winning 308 electors.^ On the other hand, every state that Obama wins is insignificant.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ And I agree with some; just because he is winning doesn't means other states don't have the right to give their opinions.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The truth is that John McCain is a "safe" vote, because he has no history of discrimination against others except in the political arena, where two major political parties exist.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.December 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] All six candidates appeared on the ballot for a majority of the voters, while the 17 other listed candidates were available to no more than 30% of the voters.^ His focus on lower-middle class needs is no more or less than Hillary´s, although she comes from a much more well-to-do background than he does.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An Obama nomination is a guaranteed loss for the American people who would have no major candidates to support in 2008.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you think all those Republicans voting for Obama in the Democratic primaries, and caucuses are doing so because they think he is a stronger Democratic candidate than Hillary Clinton.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[193]
The following nine candidates (and/or parties) had ballot listing and/or write-in status in more than one state:[194]
.
  • Alan Keyes (America's Independent Party) received 47,768 votes; listed in three states: Colorado and Florida, plus California (listed as American Independent), and also had write-in status in Kentucky, Ohio, Texas, and Utah.
  • Ron Paul received 41,905 votes; listed in Louisiana (Louisiana Taxpayers) and in Montana (Constitution), with write-in status in California.
  • Róger Calero (Socialist Workers Party) received 7,561 votes; listed in ten states.^ Circa 26 March 2008, Mr. Keyes apparently switch affiliation from the Republican to the Constitution Party.
    • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Although Wallace received 46 electoral votes, and won 5 states, the smallest change of popular votes needed to affect the election (listed above) did not need any votes to be changed from his count, so he is not listed in the table.
    • Presidential Elections 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Vice President (on the Texas ballot): Marvin Sprouse, Jr. Vice President (on Florida, Colorado, Minnesota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Utah write-in ballots): Brian Rohrbough .
    • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He was listed by name in Delaware, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, and Vermont.^ The 25 May 2008 National Convention in Denver Colorado nominated Thomas Robert Stevens (New York) for President and Alden Link (New Jersey) for Vice-President.
    • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .James Harris was listed as his stand-in in Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, and Washington, and also had write-in status in California.
  • Brian Moore (Socialist Party, see Brian Moore presidential campaign, 2008) received 6,566 votes; listed in eight states: Colorado, Florida, Iowa, New Jersey, Ohio, and Wisconsin, and Tennessee (independent) and Vermont (Liberty Union).^ Edwards' 2008 presidential campaign.
    • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

    ^ The list reflects publicly committed backers of 2008 presidential hopefuls rather than members' private leanings or inclinations.
    • TheHill.com - Endorsements 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC thehill.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Total receipts: $9,516 • Campaign website: http://www.votebrianmoore.com/ • Address: Spring Hill, Florida 16 September 2007: The Peace And Freedom Party submitted Mr. Moore's name for their 5 February 2008 California Presidential Preference Primary.
    • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    He also filed for write-in status in 17 other states: Alaska, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming.
  • Gloria La Riva (Party for Socialism and Liberation) received 6,808 votes[195] nationally; listed in 12 states: Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.
  • Charles Jay (Boston Tea Party) received 2,420 votes; listed in Colorado and Florida, and in Tennessee (as independent), with write-in status in Arizona, Montana, and Utah.
  • Tom Stevens (Objectivist) received 755 votes; listed in Colorado and Florida.
  • Gene Amondson (Prohibition) received 653 votes; listed in Colorado, Florida, and Louisiana.
  • Jonathan Allen (HeartQuake) received 483 votes; listed only in Colorado, with write-in status in Arizona, Georgia, Montana, Texas, and other states.
The following candidates (parties) were listed on ballot in only one state:
.In Nevada, 6,251 votes were cast for "None Of These Candidates".[196] In the three states that officially keep track of "blank" votes for President, 103,193 votes were recorded as "blank".[197] More than 100,000 write-in votes were cast and recorded for a scattering of other candidates, including 62 votes for "Santa Claus" (in ten states) and 11 votes for "Mickey Mouse"(in five states).^ There have been 12 Presidential elections that were decided by less than a 1% margin ; meaning if less than 1% of the voters in certain states had changed their mind to the other candidate the outcome of the entire election would have been different.
  • Presidential Elections 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the electoral college, the electors who had pledged to Greeley split their presidential electoral votes among four candidates, including 18 for Brown, Green's running mate.
  • Presidential Elections 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chris Dodd (D-CT) for more than five years, serving as scheduler in his Senate office and trip director and director of scheduling on his 2007 presidential campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[198]
.According to the Federal Election Commission, an unusually high number of "miscellaneous" write-ins were cast for president in 2008, including 112,554 tallied in the 17 states that record votes for non-listed candidates.^ (July 2008 "produced and launched high profile, quick-turnaround campaign projects including Fight The Smears.com, Keatingeconomics.com, The Obama-Biden Tax Calculator, The OFA Record, and many others."
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Any candidate for President of the United States reporting a minimum of $200,000 in "Total Receipts" to the Federal Election Commission is hereby defined as a "principal candidate" for the purposes of 'The Green Papers' website.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 6 March 2008, Congressman Paul announced he was cutting back his campaign and on 12 June 2008 he posted on his website "I have decided to end my campaign for the Presidency of the United States".
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[199] .There were more presidential candidates on the ballot than at any other time in U. S. history, except for the 1992 election, which also had 23 candidates listed in at least one state.^ The list reflects publicly committed backers of 2008 presidential hopefuls rather than members' private leanings or inclinations.
  • TheHill.com - Endorsements 2008 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC thehill.com [Source type: General]

Analysis

.Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is the first president to be born outside the continental United States.^ On 6 March 2008, Congressman Paul announced he was cutting back his campaign and on 12 June 2008 he posted on his website "I have decided to end my campaign for the Presidency of the United States".
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senator Thompson withdrew on 22 January 2008 stating "Today I have withdrawn my candidacy for President of the United States.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Can we all just agree on Dicy Cheney as the next President of the United States and call off the election?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama, having a white mother and Kenyan father of the Luo ethnic group,[200] became the first African American and the first bi-racial president.^ "I did ask first: "Was it 'racism' when exit polls showed 92% (90%) of African-Americans voted for William JEFFERSON Clinton (Gore)?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Are the 92% of African-Americans voting for Obama also "racists"?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ From these articles and others, readers can see Obama come down on the side of the oppressors of African-Americans.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[201] .The Obama-Biden ticket was also the first winning ticket in American history on which neither candidate was a WASP; Biden is Roman Catholic and is the first Roman Catholic to be elected Vice President.^ An Obama nomination is a guaranteed loss for the American people who would have no major candidates to support in 2008.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ VICE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE Note: Key people on the VP team were in place before Obama announced Biden; many were first reported by the Washington Post on Aug.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Previously senior vice president for domestic policy for the Center for American Progress.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

[202] .Obama and Biden were the first President and Vice President elected from the Senate since 1960 (Kennedy/Johnson).^ Reich, I am very glad to see that you are supporting Senator Obama for president.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that Barack Obama should be elected President of the United States.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Darrell L. Castle was nominated for Vice President on the first ballot.
  • 2008 Presidential Hopefuls Sorted Alphabetically 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.thegreenpapers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Swing by state. States are listed by (increasing) percentage of Democratic votes, showing how the share of the vote changed between 2004 and 2008. Only five states trended more Republican, Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and West Virginia.
.Prior to the election, commentators discussed whether Senator Obama would be able to redraw the electoral map by winning states that had been voting for Republican candidates in recent decades.^ Because the Democratic National Committee and the Superdelegates know: he has the most popular votes, he has the most pledged delegates, he has the most states - and to *not* nominate him would be to tell the primary voters and caucus-goers that they DON'T MATTER. The Democrats go with Obama now, win or lose, because to go against their own voters at this point would be to alienate them from the party for decades.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Hillary had a good plan to win the nomination and in fact it would have worked if she were not running against Obama.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, every state that Obama wins is insignificant.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[203] In many ways, he was successful. .He won every region of the country by double digits except the South, which John McCain won by nine percent.^ Do John McCain or conservative republicans respect the moral foundation of this country?
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The truth is that John McCain is a "safe" vote, because he has no history of discrimination against others except in the political arena, where two major political parties exist.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John McCain and the conservative republicans are destroying the moral foundations of our country.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama won Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina, Florida, and Virginia in the South (region as defined by the US Census Bureau).^ I just saw Obama yesterday on the basketball court moving with great grace and energy, and then later interacting with hundreds in North Carolina.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama won the North Carolina primary but was narrowly defeated in Indiana, where Clinton won decisively in rural counties that normally vote Republican in presidential elections.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Formerly Obama for America political and field staff, including Northwest regional field director in Nevada and Charlotte regional field director in North Carolina.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

.McCain won most of the Deep South, where white voters have in the last few decades supported Republican candidates by large margins.^ Limbaugh has also cited the open primary process in the early primary states of New Hampshire and South Carolina, which allowed independent voters to cross over into the Republican primaries to choose John McCain over more conservative candidates (such as Fred Thompson), as an inspiration.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ White voters who said that they were undecided break in statistically large numbers toward the white candidate, and many of the white voters who said that they were likely to vote for the non-white candidate ultimately cast their ballot for the white candidate.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The hard-working White American voters, (code word KKK), ought to deliver strong support for one of their own.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[204] .Obama also defied political bellwethers, becoming the first person to win the presidency while losing Missouri since 1956 and while losing Kentucky and Tennessee since 1960.^ Political Director at Obama's HOPEFUND. Deputy scheduling director on John Kerry for President, Inc.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Obama won't win the presidency against McCain either.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The Democrats will lose the Presidency with Obama.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.He was the first Democrat to win the presidency without winning West Virginia since 1916 and the first Democrat to win without Arkansas since that state joined the Union in 1836. Obama's victories in Indiana and Virginia were also noteworthy.^ It is for that reason I am asking you to join me in supporting Obama for President.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prior to joining the Obama campaign, Bleeker held a similar position on the Hillary Clinton for President campaign.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Say it one more time: "OBAMA-KENNEDY." A move like that might send a message to the country that the Democrats would actually like to win an election for once.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both states voted for the Democratic nominee for the first time in the 11 elections since 1964.^ Say it one more time: "OBAMA-KENNEDY." A move like that might send a message to the country that the Democrats would actually like to win an election for once.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He took the Democratic primary election by approximately 52% of the vote - compared to his Democratic counterparts Jerry Brown and Paul Tsongas (each getting ~20% of the remainder) .
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Otherwise, Democrats will be totally in chaos and lose the general election, no matter who is the nominee though Hillary is more likely to win against McCain.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Although Obama did not win other normally Republican states such as Georgia and Montana (which were won by Bill Clinton in 1992), he nonetheless was competitive in both.^ On the other hand, every state that Obama wins is insignificant.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ And, I was referring to the GENERAL election, so I do see it differently -- Bill Clinton did not achieve a plurality in either 1996 or 1992 -- two words to jog your memory: Ross Perot.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Senator Clinton deserves this nomination, and make no mistake, Senator Obama is winning because he is not female: even liberals are seemingly more comfortable voting for a man.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.He lost Montana by just under 3% and Georgia by slightly more than 5%.^ Most folks just don't even understand that "politics as usual" on the Clinton scale is larger, meaner, and more sinister than we'd like to believe.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Also notably, Barack Obama won all of the 2004 swing states (states that either Kerry or Bush won by less than 5%) by a margin of 9 percent or more except for Ohio, which the Democrat carried by 4.5 percent.^ If we have a Democratic Congress Hillary will achieve as much or more than Obama.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His focus on lower-middle class needs is no more or less than Hillary´s, although she comes from a much more well-to-do background than he does.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its not logical to equate caucus vote to a primary vote and moreover four of the state which obama won do not release the vote totals at all.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama was the first presidential candidate to split the electoral votes from Nebraska.^ But on the first part of the above equation--the part where you insist voting against Obama is about gender solidarity--you are, for lack of a better way to put it, completely full of crap.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Michelle Obama's first hire on the Obama presidential campaign, Winter spent 22 months in Chicago working for her serving in several different capacities.
  • Key People-Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) General Election Edition 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Barack Obama selected you to head up his search for a vice presidential candidate.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Together with Maine, which has not yet split its electoral votes, Nebraska is one of two states that split their electoral votes, two going to the statewide popular vote winner and the rest going to the winner of each respective congressional district (Nebraska has three, and Maine has two).^ Historically Dems have had the votes of blacks in the South yet the Reps tend to hold on to their control of Congressional delegations from the South.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether you are for Obama or Clinton or McCain have the decency to allow everyone's voice to be heard including states that have yet to vote.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Hillary Rodham CLINTON will be the immediate future President of the United States of America, because it's so WRITTEN!Whatever people do, be it popular vote, superdelegates vote etc...
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Obama won the electoral vote from Nebraska's 2nd congressional district, which contains the city of Omaha.^ Its not logical to equate caucus vote to a primary vote and moreover four of the state which obama won do not release the vote totals at all.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Obama won the North Carolina primary but was narrowly defeated in Indiana, where Clinton won decisively in rural counties that normally vote Republican in presidential elections.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Nebraska's other four electoral votes went to John McCain.^ While some in the media and other venues are touting that voting for John McCain may be the intellectually wrong thing to do in November of 2008, often times going against that survival instinct is even more wrong.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The truth is that John McCain is a "safe" vote, because he has no history of discrimination against others except in the political arena, where two major political parties exist.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

This election exhibited the continuation of some of the polarization trends evident in the 2000 and 2004 elections.[205] .McCain won whites by 12 points, while Obama won blacks by 91 points, Hispanics by 36 points, and Asians by 27 points.^ Michelle Obama believes that Black Americans are becoming White when they embrace values that have been ingrained through generations and can be traced back to our founding forefathers.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They would have supported the white woman--hell, for many black folks, before Obama showed his mettle they were downright excited to do so--but you won't support the black man.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama won't win the presidency against McCain either.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Voters aged 18–29 voted for Obama by 66–32 percent while elderly voters backed McCain 53–45 percent.^ He is quoting the projected vote for McCain 80 v Obama 20, respectively, if Obama is the nominee.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Well there is no question the only way Obama gets my vote now is if Hillary is on the ticket too, McCain is looking pretty good.
  • Optimistic Clinton Backer Predicts W.Va. Blowout | 44 | washingtonpost.com 11 September 2009 11:46 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Cannot decide who I am going to vote for...but at least I am beginning to hear plans from the McCain side - wish I could hear the same from the Obama camp.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[206]

International reaction

.The American presidential election was followed closely internationally.^ How close were Presidential Elections?
  • Presidential Elections 18 September 2009 0:32 UTC www.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[207] .When it was clear that Obama was victorious, many world leaders sent congratulations and well wishes to the President-elect.^ Unlike McCain, who has been part of the problem in Washington for the last 23 years, Obama has clear understanding of the world situation.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't doubt that European interest is genuine for many folks but all in all they enjoy, as does the rest of the world, when our president steps in it.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that Barack Obama should be elected President of the United States.
  • Robert Reich's Blog: Obama for President 15 September 2009 3:23 UTC robertreich.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[208]

Opinion polling

See also

References

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  3. ^ "Katrina Response Hurts Bush Most". Political Wire. February 17, 2006. http://politicalwire.com/archives/2006/02/17/katrina_response_hurts_bush_most.html. 
  4. ^ Gonyea, Don (September 23, 2005). "Katrina Aftermath, Iraq Lower Support Ratings for Bush". NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4860458. Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
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  6. ^ Newport, Frank (April 11, 2008). "Bush Job Approval at 28%, Lowest of His Administration". Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/106426/bush-job-approval-28-lowest-administration.aspx. Retrieved July 22, 2009. 
  7. ^ National Job Approval: President George W. Bush
  8. ^ In 1864, Abraham Lincoln was nominated for President by the National Union Party.
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  10. ^ a b c Borger, Julian (November 11, 2006). "Now the real race begins...". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/nov/11/midterms2006.usa2. Retrieved June 7, 2009. 
  11. ^ Hughes, John (November 15, 2006). "With midterms over, all eyes turn to the 2008 presidential race". The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/1115/p09s01-cojh.html?s=widep. Retrieved June 7, 2009. 
  12. ^ Balz, Dan (December 29, 2006). "Edwards Formally Joins 2008 Presidential Race". The Washington Post. http://media.www.thestentor.com/media/storage/paper850/news/2007/02/15/Features/Tough.Choice.For.2008.Democratic.Nominee-2723783.shtml. Retrieved June 7, 2009. 
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  17. ^ Steinberg, Jaques (October 17, 2007). New York Times. http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/10/17/candidate-colbert/?scp=2&sq=Stephen%20Colbert%20announces%20campaign&st=cse. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
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  19. ^ Jones, Jeffrey (January 3, 2008). "Iowa, New Hampshire Results Often Shift National Preferences". Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/103537/Iowa-New-Hampshire-Results-Often-Shift-National-Preferences.aspx. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
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