University of Bremen: Wikis

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University of Bremen
Universität Bremen
Established 1971
Type Public
Rector Wilfried Müller
Faculty 1,440; 323 Professors (without assistant professors)
Students 21,000
Location Bremen, Germany Germany
Website www.uni-bremen.de/
The Fallturm Bremen is a drop tower at the University of Bremen.

The University of Bremen (German Universität Bremen) is a university of approximately 23,500 people from 126 countries that are studying, teaching, researching, and working in Bremen, Germany. It was publicly founded in 1971.

The university has most notably reputation in industrial engineering, digital media, physics, mathematics, microbiology, geosciences (particularly marine geosciences) and law (particularly European law).

Its commitment was rewarded with the title “Stadt der Wissenschaft 2005” (City of Science of 2005), which science, politics, business and culture won jointly for Bremen and Bremerhaven, by the Foundation for German Science (Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft).

Some of the paths that were taken back then, also referred to as the "Bremen model", have since become characteristics of modern universities, such as interdisciplinary, explorative learning, social relevance to practice-oriented project studies which enjoy a high reputation in the academic world as well as in business and industry. Other reform approaches of the former ‘new university’ have proven to be errors such as waiving a mid-level faculty, tripartite representation or too “student-friendly” examination regulations and were given up in Bremen a few years down the track.

Contents

Faculties

These are the 12 faculties in which the university is divided into:

  • Faculty 01: Physics/Electrical Engineering
  • Faculty 02: Biology/Chemistry
  • Faculty 03: Mathematics/Computer Science
  • Faculty 04: Production Engineering - Mechanical Engineering & Process Engineering -
  • Faculty 05: Geosciences
  • Faculty 06: Law
  • Faculty 07: Business Studies and Economics
  • Faculty 08: Social Sciences
  • Faculty 09: Cultural Studies
  • Faculty 10: Languages and Literary Studies
  • Faculty 11: Human and Health Sciences
  • Faculty 12: Pedagogy and Educational Sciences

History

Mzh uni bremen-2 retouched.jpg

Though Bremen became a university city only recently, higher education in Bremen has a long tradition. The Bremen Latin School was upgraded to "Gymnasium Academicum" in 1584. 1610 it was transformed into "Gymnasium Illustre". Under Napoleonic rule in 1811 the institution of a "French-Bremen University" was considered. In 1971 the University of Bremen opened its doors.

The development of the University of Bremen can be divided up into steps of 10 to 12 years – foundation, restructuring, consolidation and profile building: at the beginning of the 1970s, the University was set up as a “science complex” before the city gates, a city oriented towards trade and seafaring that had no experience with restless academic minds, particularly not with leftist professors. University, business and the public in the region did not move closer together until the 1980s, through the foundation of the natural science and engineering departments, co-operation with the newly founded Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Ocean Research in Bremerhaven (1980), through the development of the technology park (from 1988) and initial success in setting up collaborative research centres and in the acquisition of considerable amounts of external funds. The mathematics professor Jürgen Timm, elected in 1982, was largely responsible for this turnaround.

The result: increasingly higher levels in the research rankings, national recognition, a number of endowment professorships, the profiling of interdisciplinary scientific focuses and thus further – meanwhile nine – DFG sponsored collaborative research centres and, sensationally, the Research Center of Ocean Margins embedded in the earth sciences with the emphasis on Global Change in the Marine Realm; one of only three – initially – national research centers of the DFG (German Research Foundation).

From 1996 until 2001 the University of Bremen (along with six other universities in Germany) has been participating in a pilot scheme for structural reform of university administration, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. This project has improved the co-operation and communication between the university's administrations, teaching and research units. By the realization of a "Notebook University" the University of Bremen has become a leading University in the field of digital media teaching in Germany.

With the turn of the millennium, after an organisational development process of three years in which the university set itself goals for the development of its profile, this trend was continued: in respect of research this includes the promotion of junior scientists in structured graduate program, staff development programs for the great number of early-stage researchers entering the university as junior professors due to the exchange of generations in professorships. In teaching and studies, comprehensive evaluations provide proof of the momentum that the University of Bremen has been holding for a good 35 years now: a new admissions policy with specific admission requirements, the rapid conversion of courses of study to Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees.

Research at the University of Bremen

Fig. 1: The Care-Providing robot FRIEND. (Photo: IAT)

The Care-Providing robot FRIEND is a semi-autonomous robot designed to support disabled and elderly people in their daily life activities, like preparing and serving a meal, or reintegration in professional life. FRIEND make it possible for such people, e.g. patients which are paraplegic, have muscle diseases or serious paralysis, e.g. due to strokes, to perform special tasks in daily life self-determined and without help from other people like therapists or nursing staff. The robot FRIEND is the third generation of such robots developed at the Institute of Automation (IAT) of University of Bremen within different research projects [1] [2]. Within the last project, AMaRob (AMaRob web page), an interdisciplinary consortium, consisting of technicians, designers as well as therapists and further representatives of various interest groups, influences the development of FRIEND. Besides covering the various technical aspects, also design aspects were included as well as requirements from daily practice given by therapists, in order to develop a care-providing robot that is suitable for daily life activities. The AMaRob project was founded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF – Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung) within the “Leitinnovation Servicerobotik”.

See also

External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ Martens, C., Prenzel, O., Gräser, A. (2007). "The Rehabilitation Robots FRIEND-I & II: Daily Life Independency through Semi-Autonomous Task-Execution". I-Tech Education and Publishing (Vienna, Austria): 137-162. ISBN 978-3-902613-04-2. http://intechweb.org/downloadpdf.php?id=556.  
  2. ^ Ivlev, O., Martens, C., Gräser, A. (2005). "Rehabilitation Robots FRIEND-I and FRIEND-II with the dexterous lightweight manipulator". Restoration of Wheeled Mobility in SCI Rehabilitation 17.  

Coordinates: 53°06′31″N 8°51′13″E / 53.10861°N 8.85361°E / 53.10861; 8.85361


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