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University of Dallas
Motto Veritatem, Justitiam Diligite (Love Ye Truth and Justice)
Established 1956
Type Private University
Endowment US $48 Million
President Dr. Frank Lazarus
Faculty 265
Students 3,255
Undergraduates 1,400
Postgraduates 1,855
Location Irving, TX, USA
Campus Urban, 30 buildings, 744 Acres
Colors Royal Blue and White
Mascot Crusaders (Official) and Groundhogs (Unofficial)

The University of Dallas is a private Catholic university located in Irving, Texas. It has a Core Curriculum, a series of required classes based in the Western Tradition. It has a study-abroad program, in Rome.


University Leadership


Chancellor of the University

Bishop Kevin J. Farrell of the Diocese of Dallas currently serves as the Chancellor of the University. Another Roman Catholic bishop, Kevin Vann of the Diocese of Fort Worth, also serves on the board of trustees. According to the bylaws of the University, the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas is an ex officio voting member of the governing body of the University. The office of Chancellor, being a position occupied only by a member of the Roman Catholic episcopate per the constitution of the University, is an unpaid position. The Chancellor regularly attends commencement ceremonies and typically offers a baccalaureate Mass on behalf of the graduates. Since 2005, university officials have awarded a number of honorary chancellorships on university personnel.

The list of previous chancellors includes:

  1. Thomas Kiely Gorman (1954–1969)
  2. Thomas Ambrose Tschoepe (1969–1990)
  3. Charles Victor Grahmann (1990–2007)


F. Kenneth Brasted, the first president, served until 1959; the second, Robert J. Morris, from 1960 to 1962; and the third, Donald A. Cowan, from 1962 until 1977. In 1976, Bryan F. Smith was appointed interim chancellor to assist Dr. Cowan until John R. Sommerfeldt was appointed in 1978. Sommerfeldt returned to full-time teaching in 1980. During the search process, Dr. Svetozar Pejovich was acting president. From July 1981 to December 1995 Dr. Robert F. Sasseen served as the fifth president. Monsignor Milam J. Joseph served as the sixth president from October 1996 through December 2003. Robert Galecke, senior vice-president for Finance and Administration, was interim president until July 2004 when Dr. Francis Lazarus took office as the seventh president. In April 2009, Lazarus announced his retirement effective December 31, 2009. He will be on sabbatical starting in September, 2009. Galecke once again served as interim president, assisted by Provost Dr. J. William Berry, who is to assume the title of "interim chancellor."[1] The University announced on December 7, 2009 that Thomas W. Keefe, J.D., will assume the presidency on March 1, 2010.[2]

Board of Trustees

The University of Dallas is governed by a board of trustees. The board includes business people and philanthropists.

  • John T. Cody, Jr. - retired president and COO of JCPenney
  • David S. Gruber - president of MetroAmerican Developers, LLC
  • Joseph C. Murphy – retired businessman from PricewaterhouseCoopers
  • Webb M. Sowden, Jr. – former partner of Lehman Brothers
  • Rick Stark - director of the law firm Kane Russell Coleman & Logan

Other board members include:

  • Kevin Vann - Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth *Joanne Stroud Bilby - Founding fellow of the Dallas Institute of Humanities and Culture
  • Christopher R. Bright - co-owner and manager of the Bright Companies
  • Lucille J. Cavanaugh - vice president of human resources at Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • Peter G. Collins - co-managing partner of Falcon Fund
  • O. D. Cruse – Former vice-chairman of Spencer Stuart
  • J. Ralph Ellis, Jr. - CEO & President of Belmont Oil and Gas Corporation
  • Msgr. Donald L. Fischer - pastor at St. Joseph Parish in Richardson, Texas
  • E. Timothy Fitzgibbons - senior executive in various technology companies
  • Patrick E. Haggerty, Jr. – Chairman of The Patrick and Beatrice Haggerty Foundation
  • J. Roger Hirl – recipient of 1994 Philanthropy award from Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation
  • Francis P. Hubach, Jr. - Partner-in-charge of the Dallas office of Jones Day
  • Margo R. Keyes – board member of Dallas Women's Foundation
  • Cathy Maher - Executive Director of the Dallas Bar Association
  • Mark McKenna - retired president and chief executive officer of Novation, LLC
  • J. Patrick McLochlin - senior vice president with UBS Financial Services.
  • Therese Moncrief – a major helper-outer with the University's bid for the George W. Bush Presidential Library
  • Joseph Oscar Neuhoff, Jr. - U.S. Department of Commerce, longtime collaborator of Msgr. Milam Joseph
  • Dwight R. Riskey – senior executive at PepsiCo and Frito Lay, two major producers of snack food
  • Timothy P. Rooney – President of Manhattan Holdings, Inc
  • Len Ruby - Retired Executive Vice President of Interstate Batteries
  • Denis G. Simon - Corporate Senior Vice President at Challenger, Gray & Christmas
  • Paula Fisette Sweeney - founding partner of law firm Howie & Sweeney[3]
  • Mary Templeton – wife of Rich Templeton, chairman, president, and CEO of Texas Instruments


The charter of the University of Dallas dates from 1910 when priests from the Society of St. Vincent de Paul took that name for the Holy Trinity College they had founded five years earlier. Holy Trinity closed in 1928 and the charter was placed with the Catholic Diocese of Dallas. In 1955 the Western Province of the Sisters of Saint Mary of Namur obtained it for the purpose of operating a new institution in Dallas that would absorb their junior college in Fort Worth, Our Lady of Victory. The Sisters, together with laymen Eugene Constantin, Jr. and Edward R. Maher, Sr., induced Bishop Thomas Kiely Gorman to have the diocese assume sponsorship of the new institution with ownership by its Board of Trustees.

Carpenter Hall, the first building on the campus of the University of Dallas

Bishop Gorman announced that the University would be a four-year co-educational institution welcoming students of all faiths and races, and offering work on the undergraduate level with a graduate school to be added as soon as practicable.The University opened its doors to 96 degree-seeking students in September 1956, on a 1,000-acre (4 km2) tract of rolling hills northwest of the city of Dallas now part of Irving/Las Colinas.

Members of the Cistercian Order and the Sisters of Saint Mary, together with three Franciscan fathers and a number of laymen, comprised the original faculty of the University of Dallas. Dominican priests joined the faculty in 1958 and established Albert the Great Priory. The School Sisters of Notre Dame came in 1962. The Cistercians established a permanent abbey, church and an outstanding college preparatory school.The faculty has become largely lay and counts numerous distinguished scholars among its members. Accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools came in 1963 and has been reaffirmed regularly. In November 1996 the University was the first institution accredited by the American Academy of Liberal Education. Significant honors have been won by University graduates since the first class in 1960 earned Fulbright and Woodrow Wilson awards for graduate studies. In 1989 it was the youngest school in the century to be awarded a Phi Beta Kappa chapter.His Excellency Thomas Tschoepe succeeded Bishop Gorman and served as grand chancellor of the University until his retirement in 1990 when Bishop Charles Victor Grahmann, his successor, assumed the position.A seven and one half million dollar grant from the Blakley-Braniff Foundation established the Braniff Graduate School in 1966 and allowed the construction of the Braniff Graduate Center, Tower and Mall. The Constantin Foundation similarly endowed the undergraduate college. In 1970 the Board of Trustees named the undergraduate college the Constantin College of Liberal Arts. Gorman Lecture Center and the Maher Athletic Center were completed in 1965.

Holy Trinity Seminary was founded in 1965. The Graduate School of Management, begun in 1966, offers the largest MBA program in the Southwest. Influential programs in Art and English also began in 1966. In 1973, the Institute of Philosophic Studies, the doctoral program of the Braniff Graduate School and an outgrowth of the Kendall Politics and Literature Program, was initiated. The School of Ministry began in 1987. The College of Business, incorporating Graduate School of Management and undergraduate business, opened in 2003.

In 1975 the student center was doubled in size and named for J.M. Haggar, Sr., and an addition was made to the Haggerty Art Center. The University Apartments, a facility for upper division students, opened in 1980. 1985 saw the completion of the Patrick E. Haggerty Science Center and the Church of the Incarnation. Anselm Hall, the first men's dormitory, was renovated in 1992; the Fr. Thomas Cain, O. P. courtyard was dedicated.On June 11, 1994, the University dedicated permanent facilities for its Rome Program begun in 1970. The 12-acre (49,000 m2) Eugene Constantin Campus, Due Santi, near Albano, Italy, is 15 kilometers from the heart of Rome. A new baseball field was constructed in 1998. Additions to the Haggerty Art Village were completed and the east side of campus was redeveloped in 2000. In 2002, a women's softball complex was added and the new Dominican Priory opened. A wellness center was added to the Maher Athletic Center in 2003.

The University of Dallas has 121 full-time faculty members and 35 part-time faculty members. 90% of the faculty hold a Ph.D. or highest degree in their field. The University has a student/faculty ratio of 12:1. Despite calls for change, faculty salaries at UD are the third lowest in Texas, according to a recent report in the campus newspaper.

A new baseball field was constructed in 1998. Additions to the Haggerty Art Village were completed and the east side of campus was redeveloped in 2000. In 2002, a women's softball complex was added and the new Dominican Priory opened. A wellness center was added to the Maher Athletic Center in 2003.

The University enrolls over 3,000 students from all over the United States and the world, divided roughly into 1200 full-time undergraduates; 1500 largely part-time Graduate School of Management students; and 350 students in the various Braniff Liberal Arts programs.



The UD mall, with the Braniff Tower in the background

The school is located on a 744 acre (3 km²) suburban campus in Irving, Texas, 12 miles (19 km) from downtown Dallas. It is just southeast of the Las Colinas development.

A light rail station operated by DART is scheduled to open within 4 miles (6.4 km) of campus in December 2010. Another light rail station is scheduled to open on campus the following year.[4]


The University started its Rome Program in 1970.[5] The Program is a semester abroad in which (generally) sophomores spend a semester in Rome. Since the Constantin College's Core Curriculum (see the section below entitled Academics:Undergraduate) means that most students take the same courses in the first two years, the University is able to offer the same courses in Rome that the students would have taken in the U.S. - thus, the semester abroad results in no delay towards the B.A. degree.

The University has had its campus at a number of locations over the years. It was first at a Notre Dame convent (need cit) in 1970-1971. By 1972, the campus was in the "International Center", a sprawling complex on the Via della Pisana outside the Grande Raccordo Anulare (G.R.A.). In the spring of 1973 in mid-semester, the school moved its campus to "Hotel La Villa", a hotel that catered to tour groups, which had a separate set of buildings that the University used, complete with dining area, kitchen, classrooms, offices, dorm rooms, apartments (for the faculty), and a common area. This campus was at Via del Pescaccio, 103, just inside the G.R.A., about halfway between the Via della Pisana and the Via Aurelia. The school's campus is now a convent.

In 1990, the University purchased a villa southeast of Rome in the Castelli Romani, the Alban Hills of ancient Roman history and legend. The new campus would serve as the base of the University of Dallas Rome Program. In June 1994, the newly renovated 12-acre (49,000 m2) property was inaugurated as the Eugene Constantin Rome Campus, and that fall it hosted its first students. Just south of Rome along the Via Appia, the campus includes a library, chapel, housing, a dining hall, classrooms, tennis courts, a swimming pool, an outdoor Greco-Roman theater, a forno (a traditional outdoor wood-burning oven), working vineyards and olive groves.


The school is attended by 1,200 undergraduate students and 1,950 graduate students from 49 states and 18 countries; 71% of undergraduate students are Catholic. 56% of undergraduates are female. On campus residency is required of all students under 21 who are not married, not a veteran of the military or who do not live with their parents or relatives in the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

Approximately 80% attend graduate school. Over 85% of pre-med and over 90% of pre-law graduates are accepted by their first-choice professional school.

There are over 40 clubs and organizations; varsity, club and intramural sports; lectures, exhibitions, concerts, plays; campus-wide annual celebrations.


Tuition, including room and board was $37,955 for 2009-2010.[6]


Undergraduate students are enrolled in the Constantin College of Liberal Arts or the College of Business. All undergraduate students at the University of Dallas study a Core Curriculum, a series of specific courses that emphasizes the great ideas, deeds, and works of Western civilization from classical to modern times.

The core curriculum includes four classes in literary tradition (Epic Poetry, Lyrical Poetry, The Play (comedy and tragedy), and The Novel; four classes in history (two American and two Western Civilization); four philosophy (Philosophy and the Ethical Life, Philosophy of Man, Philosophy of Being and a Philosophy elective); two fine arts and one math, or one fine art and two maths. These requirements were recently reduced. Still required are: two of the same foreign language in the intermediate level or higher (modern or classical; German, French, Spanish, Italian; Latin and Greek); two theology classes (Understanding the Bible and Western Theological Tradition); one course in American politics and one course in economics.

UD offers Bachelor of Arts degrees in Art History, Biology, Business Leadership, Ceramics, Chemistry, Classics, Comparative Literary Traditions, Drama, Economics, Finance, Education, English, French, German, Ancient Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics, Painting, Philosophy, Physics, Politics, Psychology, Printmaking, Sculpture, Spanish, and Theology.

Pre-Law Program

The required Core Curriculum of all undergraduate students is intended to provide a academic foundation for those considering law school. The Socratic Method of instruction, employed in many undergradaute seminars, as well as the emphasis on critical reading and analytic writing, has allowed UD students to excel on the LSAT exam and embark upon successful legal careers. The University has seen its students accepted into the very highest cadre of law schools including those at Yale, Harvard, Chicago, UCLA, USC, Notre Dame, Virginia, SMU, Catholic University, Georgetown, and the University of Texas. Alumni include Emmet Flood, Special Legal Counsel to President George W. Bush and former law clerk for Justice Antonin Scalia at the U.S. Supreme Court.

Pre-Medicine Program

The University has a rigorous pre-med program that has seen its students accepted at institutions such as UT Southwestern Medical School, Baylor College of Medicine, and the University of Virginia School of Medicine. The curriculum for pre-med students has been crafted in such a way that a student may pursue a traditional liberal arts program as well as satisfy entrance requirements for medical school. Courses offered include Biology, Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physics, Physiology, Microbiology, Immunology, Genetics, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Biostatistics, Developmental biology, and Physical Chemistry.


Braniff Graduate School

The foyer of the Braniff Graduate Center

A 1966 grant from the Blakley-Braniff Foundation established the Braniff Graduate School. Via the Braniff Graduate School of Liberal Arts, the University of Dallas offers Master's degrees in many disciplines including American Studies, Art, Catholic School Leadership & Teaching, English, Humanities, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Religious Education and Theology.

The Institute for Philosophic Studies

In 1973, the Institute of Philosophic Studies, the doctoral program of the Braniff Graduate School and an outgrowth of the Kendall Politics and Literature Program, was initiated. The Institute for Philosophic Studies (IPS) offers doctoral programs in Literature, Philosophy, and Political Philosophy. The interdisciplinary Ph.D. program is the only one in the United States with a core curriculum in great books.

Graduate School of Management

The Graduate School of Management (GSM) at the University of Dallas enrolls approximately 1,600 students in its programs, which are offered in the classroom (at the Irving, Tarrant County, and Frisco campuses), onsite at corporate partner locations, and online. It hosts the largest MBA program in the D/FW metroplex, and was founded in 1966 to provide practical graduate management education to working adults. One percent of all MBA's in the world received their degree from the University.[7]

School of Ministry

The University of Dallas School of Ministry began in 1987 as the Institute for Religious and Pastoral Studies (IRPS). It offers Masters degrees in: Theological Studies (MTS), Religious Education (MRE), Catholic School Leadership (MCSL), Catholic School Teaching (MCST), and Pastoral Ministry (MPM). Masters classes are offered onsite at the University of Dallas main campus at Irving, Texas, and at Frisco, Texas, Shreveport, Louisiana as well as online. Onsite Classes are offered weekdays, weeknights and weekends. Online classes can be taken at any time during the week.

The University of Dallas School of Ministry is also one of the few Catholic universities in the U.S. that offer a comprehensive, four-year Catholic Biblical School (CBS) certification program. This program, which covers every book of the Bible, is also offered online and in both English and Spanish. The CBS is the largest program of its kind among all Catholic universities in the U.S. based on 2007 enrollment numbers.

School of Pharmacy (suspended indefinitely)

In October 2007, the University of Dallas Board of Trustees affirmed the addition of a School of Pharmacy and has begun searching for a Dean of Pharmacy. The school is scheduled to open in the Fall of 2009. The new School of Pharmacy would be the eighth Catholic pharmacy school in the nation. Currently, accredited programs exist at Creighton University in Nebraska, Duquesne University in Pennsylvania, University of the Incarnate Word in San Antonio, St. John Fisher College in New York, St. John's University in New York, and Xavier University of Louisiana.

As with the establishment of the Business School, student and faculty reaction to the new School of Pharmacy ranged from support to grave concern over maintaining the University's identity as a liberal arts institution.

On February 9, 2008 the University suspended the establishment of the Pharmacy School. Administrators cited the financial downturn initiated by the Global financial crisis of 2008–2009 as the central reason for abandoning the proposed school.


  • Recognized as the second-highest ranked university in Texas by Forbes list of America's Best Colleges.[8]
  • Top 10 Colleges for American Values based on the Intercollegiate Studies Institute's (ISI) Choosing the Right College
  • The Harvard Business Review in May 2005 in an article titled, "How Business Schools Lost Their Way", recognized the university as one of four business schools in the nation that had retained its professional focus and was an example of best practices
  • Recognized by the Princeton Review for being "one of the best private school bargains in the nation" and in the top 20 for having outstanding professors
  • Recognized by the Princeton Review for being one of the top 10 universities in the nation where students pray every day.
  • Recognized by the Princeton Review for being one of the top 10 universities in the nation where students are most nostalgic for Ronald Reagan
  • Ranked by Forbes as one of America's best 300 colleges.[9]
  • Recognized by the Dallas Business Journal as being the number one choice for graduate management education for working adults in the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex
  • The National Review ranks the University of Dallas as one of the top 50 liberal arts schools in the nation


The Eugene McDermott Lectureship

In 1974, the university established the Eugene McDermott Lectureship, an endowed lecture series created in honor of Eugene McDermott, the late scientist, businessman, civic leader, and philanthropist. Each year the Lectureship brings to the region some of the world's foremost thinkers and visionaries. Speakers have included Jacques Barzun, Bruce Cole, Mortimer Adler, Leon Kass, Paul Goldberger, Derek Walcott, Francis Fukuyama, Maya Lin, and Mark Helprin. The 2007 McDermott lectuer was Mikhail Gorbachev, the former president of the Soviet Union. As a stipend for his lecture, Gorbachev was given an honorarium estimated at over $100,000 USD.

The John Paul II Theology Lectureship

In 2007, the Theology department announced that a donor had endowed a new lectureship to be named in honor of the late Pope John Paul II. In 2008, the lecturer was Francis Cardinal Arinze, Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. The 2010 lecturer will be Fr. Guy Mansini, OSB.

The Aquinas Lectureship

The Aquinas lecture series, begun in 1983, is an annual event sponsored by the Department of Philosophy in which notable philosophers address contemporary topics in the spirit of Thomas Aquinas. The list of Aquinas lecturers includes William Wallace, Joseph Owens, John Caputo, Benedict Ashley, Ralph McInerny, Alasdair MacIntyre, and Louis Dupre. The 2010 Aquinas Lecturer is William Desmond of the Catholic University of Leuven.[10]



Among the noted scholars who have attended UD are: (Name, Field, Institution)

Present professors

Past professors

Clubs, organizations and events

The University has over 40 clubs and organizations; varsity, club and intramural sports; lectures, exhibitions, concerts, plays; along with campus-wide annual celebrations[16]

One of the largest student organizations on campus is Student Government, which operates in two branches: Student Government, and Student Programming. Student Programming (also known as SPUD - Student Programming at UD) organizes some of the more popular events at the University of Dallas, such as Oktoberfest and Battle of the Bands (Fall) and Groundhog, Mallapalooza, and Spring Formal (Spring). For many events, SPUD signs bands to come and play these events. Past bands have been the Format, The Old 97's, and Kinch.

Other groups on campus are Student Foundations, the Resident Hall Association (RHA), Groundhog Rugby Club, and Crusaders for Life.

The Office of Undergraduate Admissions launched UD Underground in Fall 2007 to explain what it is like to be an undergraduate student at the university.[17] The website is maintained by students. It utilizes student photos, blogs, videos, and a "UD Dictionary" to show prospective students examples of student life at the University of Dallas.

Controversial decisions

IRPS departure

In 2001, the entire full-time staff of the Institute for Religious and Pastoral Studies program, including the director Douglas Bushman and associate director Timothy Herrman and David Twellman, resigned and moved to Ave Maria College (Crisis Magazine; Catholic World News.) Then Bishop of Dallas Charles V. Grahmann called the departure a "blessing." He said, "we are changing the direction of the program." According to Grahmann, the Institute's then administrators had become, "advocates of an ideal orthodoxy and built walls that no one could penetrate." (Catholic World News.)

Our Lady of Guadalupe art print scandal

On February 14, 2008 an image of Our Lady of Guadalupe was removed from the Upper Gallery of the Haggerty Art Village. The image, entitled "Saint or Sinner", was on loan from Murray State University in Kentucky and reportedly portrayed the Virgin Mary as a stripper. Responding to the incident, President Frank Lazarus issued immediately the following statement:

"By committing an intrinsically evil act before the administration has had a reasonable chance to formulate a response, this theft severely damages the prospects of dealing with this issue in a measured and rational manner as befits the dignity of a university community. Nevertheless, I will respond in a timely fashion to the substantive issues surrounding the display of this work of art in view of our Catholic character, our religious values, and the urgent question of the proper meaning of academic freedom."[18]

Reaction to Dr. Lazarus' statement prompted heated campus discussion. Opinions ranged from support of academic freedom to open hostility towards the university's administration and calls for the president to resign. Some Catholic students questioned whether the theft was actually an "intrinsically evil act", arguing that it was within the prerogative of a Catholic student to remove an image that desecrates the Mother of God.[19]

On February 24, 2008, Dr. Lazarus issued a statement entitled "Catholic Character, Academic Freedom, and Artistic Expression." The statement reiterated Dr. Lazarus' condemnation of the unauthorized removal of the image. Dr. Lazarus continued on to develop an argument concerning the nature of academic freedom at a Catholic institution:

"The print itself, in my view, asks a question and depicts biblical and mythological symbols that suggest literary, psychological, and religious archetypes of woman seen as the progenitor of the human race, the origin and cause of evil in the world, and the source of redemptive power in rebirth and conversion. While these questions are excellent ones, (and there are many other interpretations possible) and while the artist surely had noble intentions, the piece of art itself is objectionable, as would be the case if a sacred symbol in any other religious or ethnic tradition were to be similarly treated."[20]

One opinion circulating Facebook discussions among students points out that the issue of censorship calls into question the reading of other controversial or non-/anti-religious views in the University's curriculum. For example, the Church found Caravaggio paintings using prostitutes for models of the Virgin Mary offensive, but art students continue to study these works.

On February 26, 2008, the University News, swamped with letters from concerned students and alumni, featured a special section in the issue showcasing the level of concern among the university community. Again, reactions ranged from concerns for academic freedom to distress over the perceived desecration of sacred images.[21]

On March 8, 2008, the Dallas Morning News ran an article covering the controversy on its front page, entitled "Missing artwork of Virgin Mary as stripper stirs University of Dallas." [22] The article quotes the print's artist, Joanna Gianulis, a senior art major at Murray State University, as saying,

"The work is a black and white woodcut relief print depicting a scantily clad stripper wearing a veil and holding a rosary. Other details in the work are scrolls saying 'Sinner or Saint?' in Spanish and referencing the Virgin [of] Guadalupe, and also a snake, some white lilies, a pair of scales, and also a small image of a bar of soap opposite a bottle marked 'xxx.'" (Dallas Morning News article.)

The article states

"Ms. Gianulis said she didn't meant to offend Catholics in Dallas or anywhere else, and didn't even know UD is a Catholic school. The purpose of the print, she said, is to raise questions about who is perceived as saint and who as sinner. 'How do we know that an exotic dancer is sinful?' she said in a prepared statement for the UD art department. 'What if she has the best intentions and strives only to help those in need? Many single mothers are in this position and that is another reason why I chose to reference the Virgin Mary, because she was another woman who was in a tough position and probably received much criticism because of it.'" (see Dallas Morning News article.)

The article then states

"Juergen Strunck is the UD art professor who helped arrange for the exhibit and was there for the installation. He said that if he had interpreted the work as sacrilegious or pornographic, he would have considered not displaying it. But he saw it as a serious work, so he went ahead."(see Dallas Morning News article.)

The article states that University President did not respond to requests for an interview.(see Dallas Morning News Article.) The article does cite a statement that the President issued, in which he said, "A number of mistakes were made, and there are lessons to be learned here."(see Dallas Morning News article.)

The article also states

"Dr. Lazarus was away from the school when the work was first exhibited, but when he returned he learned of complaints. He went to see for himself, and in his statement said that while 'the artist surely has noble intentions' he found the print objectionable. But Dr. Lazarus also had academic freedom concerns. Instead of having the work removed, he and other officials decided to put up signs at the exhibit warning that some images might be considered offensive."<ref(see Dallas Morning News article.)


  1. ^ See the announcement on the UD website,"University of Dallas President Announces Retirement."
  2. ^ Nelson, Heather (December 8, 2009). "Board selects Thomas W. Keefe as next president". The University News. Retrieved December 10, 2009.  
  3. ^ Howie & Sweeney
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ See
  8. ^
  9. ^ See
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ "Peter MacNicol Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  
  13. ^ [5]
  14. ^ Center for Thomas More Studies
  15. ^ Vindicating the Founders
  16. ^
  17. ^ UD Underground
  18. ^ Letter emailed to Students on February 14, 2007 "Improperly removed work of Art"
  19. ^ "Letter to the Editor". University News. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  
  20. ^ "Catholic Character, Academic Freedom, and Artistic Expression." Dr. Francis Lazarus, University of Dallas President, 2/24/2008
  21. ^ "Letter to the Editor". University News. Retrieved 2007-01-26.  
  22. ^ Missing artwork of Virgin Mary as stripper stirs University of Dallas | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Latest News

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