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University of Maryland Eastern Shore, located on 776 acres (2.5 km²) in Princess Anne, Maryland, is part of the University System of Maryland. UMES is a historically black university, as well as an 1890 Historically Black Land-Grant University.
The school was founded in 1886 by through the offices of the Delaware Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church and was known as the Delaware Conference Academy. Later UMES came to be called Industrial Branch of Morgan State College and Princess Anne Academy. The State of Maryland, in operating its Land-Grant program at the Maryland Agricultural College at College Park, which did not admit African American students, sought to provide a Land-Grant program for African Americans. In 1919 the state of Maryland assumed control of the academy and changed its name to Eastern Shore Branch of the Maryland Agricultural College. In 1948 the name was again changed, this time to Maryland State College. Finally, in 1970, the name became University of Maryland of Eastern Shore.
From its original campus building known as "Olney," which was constructed in 1798 during the era of President George Washington, the University has grown to over 745 acres with 32 major buildings and 41 other units. The student population has increased to 4,500. With the strong support of the University System of Maryland Board of Regents, Administration, and the faculty, UMES has developed an academic program perhaps more impressive than any other higher education institution of its size in the East. Within the last decade, UMES has added 20 degree granting programs to its academic roster.
Signature undergraduate programs are Hotel and Restaurant Management, Fashion Merchandising, Construction Management, Professional Golf Management, Aviation Science and Teacher Education. Business, Criminal Justice and Biology are the most popular majors. UMES offers Master's degrees in Applied Computer Science, Criminology and Criminal Justice, Food and Agricultural Science, Rehabilitation Counseling Marine-Estuarine and Environmental Science and Toxicology. UMES also offers a Master of Education (M.Ed) in Career and Technology Education, Special Education and Counseling. A Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) in Art Education, Music, Agriculture, Biology, Business, Chemistry, English, Family and Consumer Sciences, Math, Social Studies or Technology Education is offered through the Department of Education. UMES offers the Doctoral of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Food Science and Technology, Marine-Estuarine and Environmental Sciences, Toxicology, and Organizational Leadership. The university also offers the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm D.), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)and Doctor of Educational Leadership (EDLD). UMES also has a brand new 4 year engineering program.
The university comprises four schools:
- School of Agricultural and Natural Sciences
- School of Arts and Professions
- School of Business and Technology
- School of Pharmacy and Health Professions
- School of Graduate Studies
UMES athletic teams compete in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. The school was once a powerhouse in black college football, producing five undefeated seasons between 1947 and 1960, but like many smaller colleges, the high costs associated with operating a Division I football program and complying with Title IX became too much of a burden, and the team was shut down after the 1979 season. In 1948, the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES) and Albright College played the first intercollegiate football game between an Historical Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) institution and a majority-white institution. NFL player and coach Art Shell attended UMES.
UMES women's bowling team won the NCAA National Championship in 2008 in Omaha, Nebraska against Arkansas State University. They won the series 4-2 (in a best of 7 match). The team was led by All-Tournament players Jessica Worsley (who was named the tournament MVP) and Maria Rodriguez. The women's bowling team came in 2nd at the NCAA National Championship in 2007 (Orlando, Florida) who fell to Vanderbilt University in a 4-3 series. The team was led by All-Tournament players Marion Singleton and Jessica Worsley. UMES women's bowling team also won the MEAC Conference Championship in 2000, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
UMES is tied with Florida State for the most alumni appearing in a single Super Bowl game. In the 1968 game (Super Bowl III) between the New York Jets and the Baltimore Colts (now the Indianapolis Colts), UMES was represented by five alumni: Earl Christy (1961-1964), Johnny Sample (1954-1957), Emerson Boozer (1962-1965), Charlie Stukes (1963-1967), and James Duncan (1968-1971).