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The University of Melbourne
Arms of The University of Melbourne
Latin: Universitas Melburnensis
Motto Postera Crescam Laude
"We grow in the esteem of future generations"
Established 1853
Type Public
Endowment AUD$1.105 billion
(as at December 2008)[1]
Chancellor Alex Chernov
Vice-Chancellor Glyn Davis
Faculty 3,328 (2008)[2]
Students 35,533 (2008)[2]
Undergraduates 25,578 (2008)[2]
Postgraduates 9,955 (2008)[2]
Location Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Campus Urban
Affiliations Group of EightUniversitas 21
Website www.unimelb.edu.au
Ormond College (1879), University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne (informally Melbourne Uni, Unimelb or just Melbourne) is a public university located in Melbourne, Victoria. Founded in 1853, it is the second oldest university in Australia, and the oldest in Victoria. The main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb just north of the Melbourne CBD, however it has several other campuses located across Victoria. It is a member of Australia's "Group of Eight" lobby group, the Universitas 21 and Association of Pacific Rim Universities networks, and is colloquially known as a sandstone university. It has one of the largest financial endowments of any Australian university, standing at $1.105bn as of 2008.[1]

Melbourne is ranked among the top universities in Australia and the world. Among Australian universities, it claims a leading position in business, education, engineering, arts, law and medicine. [3][4]

Melbourne University is the second largest research organisation in Australia after the CSIRO.[5] In 2008, it spent $653.7m on research, and has consistently ranked first or second on the major national research indicators which are used by the Australian Government to allocate public funds for research and training infrastructure.[2]

The university has over 35,000 students, who are supported by nearly 7,200 staff members. In 2008, it introduced the controversial Melbourne Model, a combination of various practices from American and European universities, aimed at consistency with the European Union's Bologna process and international relevance and standing for its degrees.[6] Professor Glyn Davis AC is Melbourne's current vice-chancellor.

Contents

Arms

The university's coat of arms is a blue shield on which, in white, Victory holds her laurel wreath over the stars of the Southern Cross. The motto, on a scroll beneath, is Postera crescam laude ('Later I shall grow by praise' or, more freely, 'We shall grow in the esteem of future generations'.) The Latin is from a line in a Horace ode: ego postera crescam laude recens. The arms include no crest, nor supporters.

History

Cussonia Court, home to the Schools of Classics and Philosophy.

Melbourne University was established by Hugh Childers by an 1853 act of the Victorian Parliament. Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students. The original buildings were officially opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry (later Sir Redmond), held the position until his death in 1880.

In the university's early days, an architectural master-plan was developed, establishing the intended prevailing building style as gothic revival. Early influential architects included Melbourne's own Joseph Reed, who was responsible for the design of many of the early campus buildings. Although the master-plan was followed until the 1930s, the 1950s saw the modernist style established as a new "house style", resulting in the mix of university buildings seen today.

The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush. The institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth (Selleck, 2003). It was designated secular and excluded from offering degrees in divinity - the churches could establish colleges on only the northern perimeter. The local population largely rejected the supposed elitism of its professoriate, favouring teaching of 'useful' subjects like law, over those they deemed 'useless' in the city's context, like classics. The townspeople won this debate, and law was introduced in 1857, and medicine and engineering in the 1860s.

The admission of women in 1881 was a further victory for Victorians over the more conservative ruling council (Selleck 2003, p 164–165). Subsequent years saw many tensions over the direction of the emerging university and, in 1902, it was effectively bankrupt following the discovery of a ₤24,000 fraudulent defalcation by the university's bursar, Frederick Dickson, over the period 1886-1901 (when the yearly grant was £15,000). Dickson was jailed for seven years.

This resulted in a royal commission that recommended new funding structures, and an extension of disciplinary areas into agriculture and education.

By the time of World War I, governance was again a pressing concern. The Council, consisting of more businesspeople than professors, obtained real powers in 1923 at the expense of the Senate. Undergraduates could elect two members of the Council. In this period, students tended to be drawn from affluent backgrounds, with a few opportunities for gifted scholarship students. The first vice-chancellor to be paid a salary was Raymond Priestley (1936) followed by John Medley in 1939.

After World War II, demand for Commonwealth-funded student places grew in Australia, and the university catered for the demand, becoming much larger and more inclusive.

The 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003.[7]

Governance

Governance of the university is grounded in an act of parliament, the Melbourne University Act 1958. The peak governing body is the Council, whose key responsibilities include appointing the Vice Chancellor and Principal, approving the strategic direction and annual budget, establishing operational policies and procedures, and overseeing academic and commercial activities as well as risk management. The chair of the Council is the Chancellor. The Academic Board oversees learning, teaching and research activities, and provides advice to the Council on these matters. The Committee of Convocation represents graduates, and its members are elected in proportion to the number of graduates in each faculty.[8]

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Endowment

In 2008, the university had an endowment of approximately $1,105 million,[1] the largest of any Australian institution.[9] Whilst the fund had grown rapidly for several years, providing up to $100 million of income per year,[9] it shrank by 22% in 2008 as a result of the ongoing global financial crisis of 2007–2010.[1] However Australian endownments are relatively small compared with those of the wealthiest US universities.

Academia

The university has twelve faculties, some of which incorporate a graduate school. It also has an affiliation with the Melbourne Business School.

Faculty Est. Graduate Schools Students Campus
Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning 1927 Melbourne School of Design Parkville
Faculty of Arts 1853 Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences 7,200 Parkville
Faculty of Economics and Commerce 1924 Graduate School of Business and Economics 8,289 Parkville
Education 1923 Melbourne Graduate School of Education Parkville
Engineering 1860 Melbourne School of Engineering 4,500 Parkville
Melbourne School of Land and Environment 1997 Parkville, Dookie, Burnley, Creswick
Law 1857 Melbourne Law School 3,500 Parkville
Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences 1862 5,400 Parkville, Shepparton
Faculty of the VCA and Music 1988 1,700 Parkville, Southbank
Faculty of Science 1903 Melbourne Graduate School of Science 6,500 Parkville
Faculty of Veterinary Science 1909 Parkville, Werribee
Melbourne School of Graduate Research 2007 Parkville
Melbourne Business School[10] 1963 690 Parkville, Mount Eliza, Sydney, Canberra, Beijing

Professor Peter C. Doherty is a Nobel Laureate based in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology as well as being the College Visitor at Janet Clarke Hall. Sir James Mirrlees (Economic Science, 1996 - emeritus, Cambridge) and Sir Clive Granger (Economic Science, 2003 - emeritus, San Diego) both taught at the university from 2005 to 2007.

Melbourne has produced the most Rhodes Scholars of any Victorian university, including the two 2006 winners.

The numbers of international students have grown from 2,000 in 1996 to over 11,000 in 2008. A separate venture, Melbourne University Private was created in 1997, and merged with the university at the end of 2005 following the easing of Commonwealth regulations to allow domestic full-fee places in Australian universities.

Admissions

The vast majority of international students at Melbourne University in 2008 were from Asia. China was the most common country of origin.
Source: University of Melbourne Careers and Employment[11]

These faculties offer courses from Bachelor Degree to Doctorate level. Arts is the largest (7,222 students in 2004), followed by Science (6,328). The university has some of the highest admission requirements in the country, with the median ENTER of its undergraduates being 93.9. Furthermore, the university has the highest proportion of enrolments of any institution for applicants with an ENTER of 99.0 or above (those who finish in the top 1% of school leavers), with 61.6% of these applicants enrolling at Melbourne.[2] Overall attrition and retention rates at the university are the lowest and highest respectively in Australia.[12]

Access Melbourne students, that is students from a disadvantaged background entitled to assistance from the university, represented 22.5% of enrolments in 2008.[2] 27.9% of students were international students in 2008. However, Melbourne is also the biggest provider of domestic fee-paying undergraduate places of any Australian university.[12]

Research

In 2008 Melbourne spent $653.7m on research, and has consistently ranked first or second on the major national research indicators which are used by the Australian Government to allocate public funds for research and training infrastructure.[2] Pure and applied research had already grown in importance from the late 19th century, but increased its reach and depth in the second half of the 20th century. Science and Arts are the best-endowed faculties in financial terms.[citation needed] The medical sciences benefit from proximity to a number of hospitals, and were enhanced by the opening of Bio21, a research centre focusing on pure and applied Biotechnology. Melbourne has the highest numbers of Federal Government Australian Postgraduate Awards and Postgraduate Research International Scholarships, as well as the largest totals of Research Higher Degree (RHD) student load (3,141 students in 2008) and RHD completions (729 in 2008).[2] In 2008, Melbourne's research income totalled $380 million.

Related research institutes

The Old Arts Building.

Campus

Residential colleges

Since 1872, the affiliated residential colleges have been an important part of the university. The earliest sought to emulate the finest European colleges, particularly those of Oxford. There are eleven affiliated colleges in total. Seven of the colleges are situated in an arc around the cricket oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as the College Crescent, with the other five within 15 minutes' walk of the University of Melbourne.

Colleges
Trinity College
1872-
Trinity college university of melbourne.jpg
Ormond College
1881-
Parkville - University of Melbourne-Ormond College.jpg
Janet Clarke Hall
1886-
Janet Clarke Hall (University of Melbourne).jpg
St Mary's College
1966-
St Mary's College (University of Melbourne).jpg
Queen's College
1887-
Parkville - University of Melbourne (Queen’s College).jpg
Newman College
1918-
Newman College - Dining from courtyard.JPG
Medley Hall
1954-
Medley hall.jpg
Whitley College, 1891-
Ridley College, 1910-2005
University College, 1937-
International House, 1957-
Graduate House, 1962-
St Hilda's College, 1964-

Architecture

Several of the original on-campus buildings, such as the Old Quad and Old Arts buildings, feature beautiful period architecture.

The expansion during the post-World War Two period saw the construction of a number of functional high-rise office buildings and laboratories, in response to space shortages. These include the Raymond Priestley building (used for administration and nicknamed the "Wind Tunnel" due to the channelling of wind through its ground level arches), the Redmond Barry building, Wilson Hall (1956, replacing the old Wilson Hall which was destroyed by fire), and some of the additions to the colleges. The Architecture building is a monolithic modernist design - a "strong statement of architectural modernism influenced by Le Corbusier".

Melba Hall and the Conservatorium of Music on Royal Parade are notable examples of Edwardian edifices which features rich Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau details. They were designed by Bates, Peebles & Smart and constructed between 1905 and 1935.

A recent spate of expansions have included the Ian Potter Gallery and the Sidney Myer Asia Centre (both designed by Nonda Katsalidis). The Potter Gallery in particular is highly regarded for its architecture, and won several awards when completed in 1999. The University Square development has extended the campus to the south, significantly opening up the grid-locked Parkville campus.

The façade of the Old Commerce building is listed on the National Trust Register as an interesting artifact. It is the facade of the former Collins Street Bank of New South Wales Melbourne office transposed on to a 1935 building. The bank earned architect Joseph Reed a first prize in architecture. When the building was demolished, the façade was transferred to the University of Melbourne to become the façade of the then Commerce building.

Some of the affiliated residential colleges feature notable architecture; the most beautiful is arguably the Ormond College with its large clock tower, but Newman College is also well known as one of the few remaining buildings designed by Walter Burley Griffin. A searchable archive of photos can be used to view individual features of the campus.[13]

Libraries

The Melbourne University Library is one of the busiest libraries in Australia, with three million visitors performing 42 million loan transactions every year.[14] The general collection comprises over 3.5 million items including books, DVDs, photographic slides, music scores, periodicals, as well as rare maps, prints and other published materials.[14] The Library also holds over 32,000 e-books, hundreds of databases and 63,000 general and specialist journals in digital form.[14]

The Libraries include:

  • Architecture Library
  • Baillieu Library (arts and humanities)
  • Brownless Biomedical Library
  • Chemistry Library
  • Earth Sciences Library
  • Eastern Resource Centre (ERC)
  • Giblin Economics and Commerce Library
  • Land and Food Resources (LFR) (Burnley, Creswick, Dookie)
  • Law Library
  • Lenton Parr Music, Visual and Performing Arts Library (formerly VCA Library)
  • Louise Hanson-Dyer Music Library
  • Mathematics Library
  • Physics Research Library
  • Veterinary Science Library

Library personnel also provide advice to staff and students on issues such as copyright, information management, knowledge management, information architecture and the design of business processes.

Other campuses

The university has several other campuses located across Victoria.They are situated in Burnley, Creswick, Dookie, Werribee, and Southbank, Victorian College of the Arts. The university also has its interests in Goulburn Valley, particularly in the areas of rural health, agriculture and education. The university is a part-owner of the Melbourne Business School, the top business school in Australia in 2005 and 2006.[15] The university has a node of the Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics.

Arts and culture

The university is associated with a number of arts institutions in the wider community. These include:

  • The Melbourne Theatre Company, the oldest professional theatre company in Australia and one of the largest theatre companies in the English-speaking world. The company is a semi-autonomous department of the university.
  • The Ian Potter Museum of Art[16], which houses the university's visual arts collection.
  • Melbourne University Publishing (formally Melbourne University Press), an academic press which has since diversified into multimedia production as well as books and monographs.
  • Meanjin, an Australian literary journal.
  • Thirty-three cultural collections, embodying the history of many of the academic disciplines taught at the university. These include the Grainger Museum Collection of musical cultural artifacts[17]; the Medical History Museum[18], covering the history of the medical profession in Victoria; and the Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology[19], which contains more than 8,000 specimens relevant to the teaching of medicine and other health sciences.
  • The Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation is the only centre of its kind in Australia, combining both theory and practice of cultural material conservation and is a joint initiative of the Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Science and the Ian Potter Museum of Art.

"Growing Esteem" project

New strategy

In 2005, the university developed a new strategy, 'Growing Esteem', incorporating strands of Research, Teaching and Learning, and Knowledge Transfer. Within the teaching and learning strand is the Melbourne Model, a curriculum-depth-of-content discipline partly based on the undergraduate experience at first-tier universities of the United States. The six 'New Generation degrees' of Science, Biomedicine, Environments, Arts, Music and Commerce are designed to lead to graduation and the workplace, graduate degrees focusing on the professions, or research-oriented higher degrees. The new structure was introduced in 2008, with faculties governing courses in law, medicine, education and architecture establishing graduate schools to administer Master's degrees. PhD candidatures are generally administered through the School of Graduate Research.

Some students and members of the wider community have been critical of the Growing Esteem (or Melbourne Model) project, which has come under much scrutiny in the Australian press. The university offers a minimum of 50% of the places in each of the new professional graduate degrees - 100% for education and nursing - for domestic Australian students as Commonwealth Supported Places,[20] with the University aiming for 75% across all the new courses.[21]. The ability to offer Commonwealth Supported Places to postgraduate students is a first for an Australian university, heralding a new approach to diversity in the higher-education sector by the Howard government and the succeeding Rudd government.

Some have also raised issues about the proposed alterations to how research is funded, with a growing dependence on private industry monies being mooted.[22]

Youth Allowance and Austudy has been extended to Commonwealth-approved Master's degrees by coursework programmes.[22] The university is undertaking a $100-million-dollar scholarship programme, funded by its significant invested endowment, course fees and other private ventures. Over 8000 students will receive benefits.[23] 20% of places in the new degrees will be allocated to the 'Access Melbourne' programme.

New courses

Six courses have been approved as 'new generation undergraduate courses': generalist degrees under the 'Melbourne Model'. These degrees will eventually replace 96 undergraduate degrees.

  • Bachelor of Arts
  • Bachelor of Science
  • Bachelor of Commerce
  • Bachelor of Environments
  • Bachelor of Music
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine

Note: The degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) has been discontinued; instead becoming the graduate degree Juris Doctor (JD) as of 2008. In addition, several existing courses will continue in 2008, such as medicine, veterinary science and some engineering degrees. The university anticipates that all professional courses (including engineering, medicine, dentistry, optometry and veterinary science) will change from undergraduate to graduate-entry by 2011.

A number of professional courses will be moved to graduate entry including:

  • Juris Doctor
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery
  • Doctor of Optometry
  • Doctor of Physiotherapy
  • Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
  • Master of Animal Science
  • Master of Architecture
  • Master of Engineering
  • Master of Forest Science
  • Master of Nursing Science
  • Master of Property and Construction
  • Master of Public Policy and Management
  • Master of Social Work
  • Master of Teaching
  • Master of Urban Horticulture
  • Master of Urban Planning

Criticisms of the 'Melbourne Model'

Various groups, including trade[24] and student unions,[25] [26] [27] a handful of academics,[28] [29] and some students[30][31] have expressed criticism of the Melbourne Model, citing job and subject cuts, and a risk of 'dumbing down' content. A group of students also produced a satirical musical regarding the matter.

VCA controversy

The university's 2007 acquisition of the Victorian College of the Arts and subsequent plans to introduce the "Melbourne Model" at the campus has attracted much attention and criticism within the wider community. As of May 2009 the university has 'suspended' the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the College and there are fears that they may not return under the Melbourne Model.[32]

A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA will ensure that, "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality," and also that the college's identity will be preserved.[33] New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009.[34] As a result it is now being called into question whether the university have upheld that agreement.

Staff at the college have responded to the changes, claiming that the university does not value vocational arts training, and voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA.[35] Former Victorian arts minister Race Matthews has also weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts," and for 'good sense' to prevail.[36]

Rankings

The following is a summary of Melbourne University rankings:

Publications Ave. 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Comments
Times Higher Education Supplement[37] 25.6 22 19 22 27 38 36[12] ranking within Australia: 2 (following ANU), 1 (the champion), 2 (following ANU), 2 (following ANU), 3 (following ANU and Sydney), 2 (following ANU in a tie with Sydney) from 2004 to 2009 respectively.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University[38] 82.6 92 82 82 78 79 73 75 ranking within Australia: 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 (all following ANU), from 2003 to 2009 respectively.
Global University Ranking[39] 82.0 81-83 ranking within Australia: 5 in 2009.
The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT)[40] 54.3 64 58 51 ranking within Australia: 1 (the champion), 1 (the champion), 1 (the champion), in 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively.
Financial Times MBA rank[41] 67.7 64 72 63 69 79 75 52 ranking within Australia: 1 (the champion), 2 (following AGSM), 1 (the champion), 1 (the champion), 2 (following AGSM), 2 (following AGSM), from 2003 to 2009 respectively.
Economist Intelligence Unit's MBA rank[42] 84 26 17 ranking within Australia: 2 (following AGSM), 1 (the champion), 1 (the champion) in 2006, 2008 and 2009 respectively.

The University of Melbourne has been consistently ranked top 100 universities worldwide by both the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (ARWU) and Times Higher Education since their publication. The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT) has also ranked Melbourne University ahead of any other Universities in the southern hemisphere and placed it in the top 100 worldwide (together with Sydney University) since its publication.

With regard to rankings by broad subjects, The University of Melbourne has been consistently ranked top 100 worldwide for biomedicine, life and agriculture science, business, law, education, engineering, arts and humanities and social sciences, according to Times Higher Education, the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (ARWU), The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT) and the Melbourne Institute. Moreover, Melbourne University is the only one Australian institution ranked top 30 worldwide across all subjects by Times Higher Education 2009. This prominent position is also confirmed by 3 other ranking systems, with Melbourne possessing more academic disciplines ranked top 100 in the world than any other Australian institutions. [43] [44] [45] [46]

Research produced by the Melbourne Institute in 2006 ranked Australian universities across seven main discipline areas: Arts & Humanities, Business & Economics, Education, Engineering, Law, Medicine, and Science, with Melbourne University ranked the highest in business, law and medicine by both academic surveys and overall performance. For each discipline, Melbourne was ranked[47]:

Discipline R1[Note 1] No.[Note 2] R2[Note 3] No.
Arts & Humanities 2 38 2 35
Business & Economics 1 39 1 34
Education 1 35 2 32
Engineering 1 28 3 28
Law 1 29 1 28
Medicine 1 14 1 13
Science 2 38 3 31
  1. ^ R1 refers to Australian and overseas Academics' rankings in tables 3.1 -3.7 of the report.
  2. ^ No. refers to the number of the Australian institutions in the table against which Melbourne is compared.
  3. ^ R2 refers to the Articles and Research rankings in tables 5.1 - 5.7 of the report.

Melbourne Business School's MBA course was ranked 69th in the world in 2006, 79th in 2007, 75th in 2008 and 52nd in 2009. It is the highest ranked MBA course (following AGSM) in Australia for 2009 according to the Australian Financial Review. In addition, Melbourne Business School has also been consistently ranked top 50 worldwide by The UK immigration department- Highly Skilled Migration Programmes. [48] The graduates from Melbourne Business School are qualified for employments in The UK.[49][50][51]

Notable graduates

The University of Melbourne has produced many notable alumni, with graduates having held the offices of Prime Ministers of Australia, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, Governor-General, Attorney-General, Governor of Victoria, Surgeons, High Court Justices, State Premiers, Nobel Laureates, a First Lady of East Timor, ministers of foreign countries, Amanda Drury (of CNBC) ,Lord Mayors, academics, architects, historians, poets, philosophers, politicians, scientists, physicists, authors, industry leaders, Defence Force generals, corporate leaders and artists.

Student activities

Total enrolment at the university by sex, 1915-2005.

The university student life is reflected by the variety of clubs and services funded by the University of Melbourne Student Union. Student extracurricular activities generally come under the loose umbrella of the University of Melbourne Student Union, student sporting activities under the Sports Union, and postgraduate students at University of Melbourne Graduate Student Association (a member of the Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations). Many student clubs are affiliated with UMSU, as well as student theatre and the official student newspaper, Farrago. A scandal engulfed the Union in 2003, eventually leading to its collapse, liquidation and subsequent rebirth as a new entity. However, given the introduction of Voluntary Student Unionism from the 1 July, 2006, services and activities offered by this new Union have diminished. The shortfall in funding from declining membership has been offset to an extent by a recurrent grant from the university.

Prosh Week

A celebrated tradition at Melbourne, usually held in mid-August, whereby teams of students engage in various activities - the winner claiming the 'Prosh Week Trophy'.[52] These shenanigans include giant boat races, conga lines through the Melbourne CBD, a billy kart rally, and jelly wrestling. It culminates with the infamous Scav hunt, at the conclusion of which the winning team is announced.

The term 'Prosh' is thought to have originated in one of two ways. It's chiefly considered to have evolved from an annual charity procession that once marched through the Melbourne CBD, producing the abbreviation 'prosh'. A second theory states that the term originated from when all of the faculty social balls were held in the same week. The week was nicknamed 'Posh week' due to the number of times students would have to dress up in formal attire. The effects of alcohol caused words to be slurred, and thus 'posh' became 'prosh'.[52]

Sport

The university has participated in various sports in its history, and currently has 39 affiliated clubs. Sport is overseen by Melbourne University Sport. Melbourne was the overall champion in the Australian University Games (AUG) in 1997, 2004, 2005 and 2006.

Beaurepaire Centre and Sports Centre

The Beaurepaire Centre is a two-storey health and fitness complex located on the campus. It houses a strength and fitness gym; and an indoor, heated, 6-lane, 25m lap pool. The Sports Centre is also located on campus, and houses a Group Fitness venue, a Yoga and Pilates venue, six squash courts, massage and physiotherapy clinic, a variety of multipurpose rooms, two multipurpose basketball stadiums, and the main Melbourne University Sport administration offices.

Tennis

The Melbourne University Tennis Club, is one of the oldest sporting clubs at the University. It was one of the founding clubs of the Melbourne University Sports Union (now known as the Melbourne University Sports Association). The club actively participates in state & regional competitions, provides weekly internal competitions to its members, and has a growing coaching program. The club's most notable victory of recent times occurred in the Winter of 2009, the Women's team won the Bayside Regional Tennis Association's Section 1 Premiership. The team was also awarded the Butterworth Trophy, which recognised that the Melbourne University Tennis team's performance surpassed the performance of the other 88 teams in the association.

Cricket

The ground of Melbourne University Cricket Club in Parkville

The University of Melbourne Cricket Club, often called simply "University", plays the sport of cricket in the elite club competition of Melbourne, Australia, known as Victorian Premier Cricket. The club was founded in 1856 and played its first season of premier cricket in 1906–07. Also known as The Students, the club has won 3 first XI premierships. Its home ground is on the campus of the University of Melbourne in Parkville.

Australian Rules football

The Melbourne University Football Club founded in 1859, was a notable Australian Rules football club that played seven seasons in the Victorian Football League, and has since rejoined the ranks of amateur teams.

The women's club, the Mugars, participates in the Victorian Women's Football League and is the most successful women's football team in the country[citation needed].

Melbourne University women's football player jostles for best position in a marking contest.

Rugby Union football

The Melbourne University Rugby Football Club celebrated its 100th birthday in 2008 and is one of Victoria's major Rugby Union clubs, having won many premierships over the years. Most recently, the under-20s Colts team took out the 2008 premiership. Former celebrity members include Sir Edward Dunlop, the first Victorian to represent Australia in rugby union and a notable survivor of Japanese POW camps during World War II.

Association football

The Melbourne University Blues was founded in 1947 and has maintained a consistent presence in Victoria's provisional leagues. The Melbourne University Rangers was founded as an amateur club in 1980 but has successfully moved into the professional leagues and, in 2008, won promotion to Division 3 of the Victorian State League.

Hockey

The University has hockey teams that compete in the Hockey Victoria competition. It is colloquially known as "Shop" or "Shoppers" to its members, and MUHC (pronounced "muck") to its rivals. The men's division has competed in State League One (the premier division) irregularly (most recently 2004 and 2006), often gaining promotion from State League Two only to be relegated the following year. The women's division had a State League One team in 2003-2005, and since being relegated have maintained a mid-SL2 position since.

It traditionally fields strong AUG hockey teams, winning the Syme Cup (men's division) in 1999 and 2000 and placing 2nd in 2001, 2005-07. Its best result in the women's competition has been second (2000, 2003).

Cycling

The Melbourne University Cycling Club (MUCyc) is associated with Cycling Australia and competes regularly at local and national races. In 2008 MUCyc won its seventh consecutive AUG championship (2002-2008).[53][54]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d University of Melbourne Investment Report 2008
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i University of Melbourne Annual Report 2008
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Melbourne Uni ranks in top 20", The Age, 28 October 2005
  5. ^ Did you know the University of Melbourne is the second largest research institute in Australia after the CSIRO? University of Melbourne, 11/6/2009
  6. ^ "The long road to Bologna", The Australia, 26 March 2008
  7. ^ 150th anniversary University of Melbourne website
  8. ^ University of Melbourne Secretary's Department
  9. ^ a b Battered Melbourne Uni slashes 220 jobs, The Age, 29 July 2009
  10. ^ MBS is a not-for-profit entity that is 55 per cent owned by business and 45 per cent by The University of Melbourne
  11. ^ International student enrolments by country 2008, University of Melbourne
  12. ^ a b Does this model have legs?, The Age, August 15, 2009
  13. ^ UMAIC
  14. ^ a b c About Us - Library, University of Melbourne Website
  15. ^ Global MBA rankings 2006
  16. ^ Ian Potter Museum of Art
  17. ^ Grainger Museum
  18. ^ Medical History Museum
  19. ^ Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology
  20. ^ Growing Esteem - Frequently Asked Questions
  21. ^ A matter of degrees, The Age, 14 April 2007
  22. ^ a b http://www.unistudent.com.au/offices/research/05_GE.pdf
  23. ^ Melbourne University Scholarships Brochure
  24. ^ NTEU CONDEMNS UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE'S CONSULTATION SHAM OVER ARTS RENEWAL STRATEGY National Tertiary Education Union, 10 July 2007. Accessed 3 May 2008
  25. ^ Cuts take toll on 'overworked' Melbourne Uni staff The Age, 11 April 2008. Accessed 3 May 2008
  26. ^ What do budgets, Burnley and the housing crisis have in common? President's Ponderings, 25 August 2008. Accessed 20 October 2008
  27. ^ Vice Chancellor Lies About Introduction of Melbourne Model at VCA VCA Student Union, 29 April 2008. Accessed 3 May 2008
  28. ^ 'Dreamlarge' a nightmare for the Arts Faculty Advocate, Volume 14, Number 2, July 2007. Accessed 26 October 2008
  29. ^ The Melbourne Model: The jury is still out Advocate, Volume 14, Number 2, July 2007. Accessed 26 October 2008
  30. ^ Why the Melbourne Model is failing students Eureka Street, 12 December 2008. Accessed 14 December 2008
  31. ^ Express yourself, but steer clear of politics The Age, 7 June 2008. Accessed 8 August 2008
  32. ^ [2] 21 May 2009, Accessed 19 July 2009
  33. ^ [3] 5.5.R1 – The Faculty of The Victorian College of The Arts. Accessed 19 July 2009
  34. ^ [4] Pretty well rehearsed in reshaping the arts. 12 April 2009. Accessed 19 July 2009
  35. ^ [5] Arts college teachers up in arms. 16 July 2009, Accessed 19 July 2009
  36. ^ [6] 28 May 2009. Accessed 19 July 2009
  37. ^ The Times Higher Education Supplement
  38. ^ Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
  39. ^ http://www.globaluniversitiesranking.org/images/banners/top-100(eng).pdf
  40. ^ [7]
  41. ^ Melboure Business School's MBA rank with the Financial Times.
  42. ^ Melbourne Business School's MBA rank with EIU.
  43. ^ Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
  44. ^ The Times Higher Education Supplement
  45. ^ [8]
  46. ^ Melbourne Institute rankings
  47. ^ Melbourne Institute rankings
  48. ^ [9]
  49. ^ FT.com / Business Education / Global MBA rankings
  50. ^ [10]
  51. ^ [11]
  52. ^ a b "What is Prosh Week?", Farrago, Vol. 82, No. 5, August 2007.
  53. ^ Warnecke R Team Melbourne wins record haul at Uni Games University sports news and events
  54. ^ Warnecke RGold Rush At Uni Games University of Melbourne Voice, 10 November 2008

References

Books

  • Macintyre, S. & Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). A short history of the University of Melbourne. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-85058-8.
  • Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). The Shop: The University of Melbourne, 1850–1939. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press. 930pp
  • Poynter, John & Rasmussen, Carolyn (1996). "A Place Apart - The University of Melbourne: Decades of Challenge". Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84584-3.
  • Cain J II and J Hewitt. 2004. Off Course: From Public Place to Marketplace at Melbourne University. Melbourne: Scribe.

Newspaper

  • McPhee, P. 2005. "From the Acting Vice-Chancellor." Uni News. The University of Melbourne. 03/10/05, p. 3.

External links


Simple English

File:Parkville - University of Melbourne (Ormond College).jpg
Ormond College (1879), University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne is located in Melbourne, Victoria. Opened in 1853, it is the second oldest university in Australia, and the oldest in Victoria. The main campus is located in Parkville, just north of the Melbourne CBD. It has several other campuses located across Victoria. It has one of the largest financial endowments of any Australian university, standing at $1.105bn as of 2008.[1]

Melbourne is one of the top universities in Australia and the world. In Australia it has a leading position in business, education, engineering, arts, law and medicine. [2][3] It is the second largest research organisation in Australia after the CSIRO.[4] In 2008, it spent AU$653.7m on research.

The university has over 35,000 students, and nearly 7,200 staff members. In 2008 it changed the way it organized its courses. This to be like way American and European universities work. The idea was to link to the European Union's Bologna process and get international acceptance for its degrees.[5] many people were unhappy with these changes. Professor Glyn Davis AC is Melbourne's current vice-chancellor.

History

File:Old
Cussonia Court, home to the Schools of Classics and Philosophy.

Melbourne University was started by the Victorian Parliament in 1853. Classes began in 1855 with three professors and 16 students. The buildings were officially opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry (later Sir Redmond), held the position until his death in 1880.

At first all the buildings were built in the gothic revival style. In the 1950s a modernist style was started as the new "house style", resulting in the mix of university buildings seen today.

The opening of the university was made possible by the wealth coming from the Victorian gold rush. The university was to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth (Selleck, 2003). It was not a religious university and was not allowed to offer in degrees in divinity. The churches could only build colleges on only the northern edge. The local population wanted 'useful' subjects like law, not 'useless' subjects like classics. The people of Melbourne won this argument, and law was introduced in 1857, and medicine and engineering in the 1860s. Women were let into courses in 1881.

In 1902 the university was bankrupt when it was found out that the man in charge of the university's money, Frederick Dickson, had stolen ₤24,000. The university's annual budget was £15,000. Dickson was jailed for seven years. This resulted in a royal commission that came up with new ways of funding, and new courses including agriculture and education.

After World War II, there were more students wanting to go to a university and Melbourne University became much larger and more inclusive.

The 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003.[6]

References

  • Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). The Shop: The University of Melbourne, 1850–1939. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press. 930pp

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