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The University of Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई विद्यापीठ), (formerly University of Bombay), is a state university situated in Maharashtra state of India. It has been given a five-star ranking by NAAC. It has world ranking 401. The name of the University was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai according to a Government Gazette dated 4 September 1996. It is abbreviated as either (UoM) for University of Mumbai or as (MU) for Mumbai University. Initially, the Elphinstone College building was used for Mumbai University.
Most of the colleges in the city of Mumbai and the districts of Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg are affiliated with the University of Mumbai. The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees to students. It has affiliations with several high ranking research institutes in the world, including Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), a deemed university of the University of Mumbai, and the Tata Memorial Hospital. The UoM is ranked in the top 500 universities in the world by the THES - QS world universities ranking.
A file photo of University of Mumbai's Fort Campus taken in 1870s. Rajabai Clock Tower here seen shrouded in scaffolding was completed in 1878.
The University of Mumbai is modelled on the universities of Britain and primarily imparts education through its affiliated colleges. St. Xavier's College, which was affiliated with the University in 1868, is the first of its colleges. Today, the university campuses serve as administrative centers and centers for some higher education and library facilities. The affiliated colleges are spread throughout the city and the four coastal districts of Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg. The major main campus locations include:
The original campus is in Fort, Mumbai, near the southern end of the city of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture and includes a library that holds many original manuscripts. The University of Bombay was established at the Fort Campus in 1857. In the same year universities were established in the two other Presidency towns of Calcutta and Madras. Fort Campus was one of the first educational institutions established by the British in India following Sir Charles Wood's Dispatch on Education in 1854.
Another large campus is situated in Kalina, Santacruz in suburban Mumbai. Much of its 230 acres (930,000 m²) is being kept for the development of future disciplines. It has on-campus graduate training and research centers. The most popular courses are in the LIFE SCIENCES & BIOTECHNOLOGY fields. It also has social sciences and behavioural sciences departments offering masters and doctoral programmes, which include the Department of Economics and the Department of Psychology. The Kalina campus also includes certain science departments including the Department of Biotechnology, Department of Physics, Department of Information Technology and Department of Mathematics, and has most of the humanities and language departments of Mumbai University at the masters and doctoral level. It also has the Jawaharlal Nehru Library, the largest library in Mumbai.
A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri. The campus is located at the Thibaw Palace, originally built to accommodate the exiled royal family of Burma near the Finolex Academy College sub-divisional office.
Several departments of the University of Mumbai are located at places other than the fort or Kalina campus. These include the Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology, formerly (UDCT). The departments of Medicine and Medical Research are spread out across several prominent hospitals in Mumbai. Chief amongst these are the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College of the University of Mumbai. St. Xavier's College was the first degree-granting college affiliated to the University.
Mumbai University libraries
The main Library or Central Library is Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) with almost a million books (850,000), documents and Scientific Journals, Thesis, Encyclopedias, along with over 30,000 microfilms and over 1200 rare manuscripts, IMF reports, census records and access to several hundreds of E-Journals through online subscription. The (JNL) catalogue is computerised. The Library largely contains books with basic sciences and the social and behavioural sciences.
The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at various other libraries including those at ICT, TIFR, JBIMS & Tata Memorial Hospital. Together the University of Mumbai collection of Books and Scientific journals includes over a million documents.
Departments and Institutes of University of Mumbai
Other Features and Facilities
The University of Mumbai confers over 1,100 degrees and diplomas every year and over 80,000 students apply for the degrees. The University of Mumbai has one of the main computer Servers of the city of Mumbai. It also provides a large international students' hostel for foreign students.
See also: List of Mumbai Colleges - (Most of the colleges, Institutes and Research centres in Mumbai, are affiliated to the University of Mumbai)
Prominent Alumni of the University of Mumbai
- Lokmanya Tilak - Maker of modern india,Indian nationalist leader,savant,philosopher,mathematician.
- Mahatma Gandhi - Father of the Indian nation.
- B. R. Ambedkar - Architect of modern India & Author of the Constitution of India, social reformist and thinker.
- Lal Krishna Advani - Former Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Mahadev Govind Ranade - Indian lawyer, reformer and author, first batch graduate
- Iskander Mirza, last Governor-General of the Dominion of Pakistan and the first President of Pakistan
- Kona Prabhakara Rao - Governor of Maharashtra, Lt. Governor of Pondicherry, Governor of Sikkim, Finance Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Speaker of AP State Assembly
- Abdur Raheem Uqaili - Biggest Landlord of Thatta, Pakistan of his times, son of Inayat Ullah Uqaili and son in law of Allama Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi, renowned Saints and philanthropist.
- Man Mohan Sharma - Fellow Royal Society, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Former Director of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Jagdish Bhagwati - University Professor of Economics at Columbia University
- Nissim Ezekiel - Acclaimed Indian poet (English language)
- Anil Kakodkar - Director of BARC and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Atomic Energy
- Barinder Singh Gill - Managing Director, New Patiala Transport Co.
- Klaus Klostermaier, F.R.S.C., Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba, Scholar of Indian Studies
- Aishwarya Rai - Miss World in 1994 and leading Indian actress
- P. V. Narasimha Rao - former Indian prime minister
- Amrit Nagpal, Businessman (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- R.A. Mashelkar - Fellow Royal Society, General, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Mukesh Ambani - Managing Director, Reliance Industries (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Anji Reddy, Founder, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Padma Shri (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Keki Hormusji Gharda, Founder, Gharda Chemicals (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- B.D.Tilak, former Director National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Padma Bhushan, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- V.B.Samant, President and CEO, Vical, former COO Merck Vaccine Division (He is an alumnus of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Anant Pai - Major publisher of Indian books for children especially the series Amar Chitra Katha
- Dwarkanath Kotnis - A well-known doctor in China who helped Chinese communists army during the World War II.
- Lara Dutta - Miss Universe in 2000
- Anand Patwardhan - Indian documentary film-maker
- Sunil Gavaskar - Legendary Indian cricketer (Attended St. Xavier's College)
- Smita Patil - Legendary Indian actress (Attended St. Xavier's College)
- Shabana Azmi - Acclaimed Indian Actress (Attended St. Xavier's College)
- Edward Hamilton Aitken - humorist, naturalist
- Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar - Oriental scholar and social reformer, first batch graduate, later vice-chancellor
- Acacio Gabriel Viegas - medical practitioner credited with the discovery of the outbreak of bubonic plague in Mumbai, India in 1896.
- Georg Bühler - eminent scholar of ancient Indian languages and law - fellow of University of Mumbai.
- John Samuel Malecela - Prime Minister of Tanzania from 1990 –1994.
- Indira Viswanathan Peterson - Professor of Asian Studies and editor of the Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces.
- G.S. Maddala - American economist and mathematician
- Harish Kapadia - distinguished Himalayan Mountaineer and recipient of Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographic Society
- Mehli Mehta - Indian conductor of European classical music and father of acclaimed conductor Zubin Mehta.
- Manil Suri - Indian mathematician and writer.
- Kashinath Trimbak Telang - Indian judge and oriental scholar.
- B.N. Srikrishna Indian jurist and a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
- Sir Pherozeshah Mehta - Indian political leader and social activist.
- Madhav Das Nalapat - holder of the UNESCO Peace Chair.
- Bhulabhai Desai - Indian freedom fighter and acclaimed lawyer.
- Vasundhara Raje - Chief Minister of the state of Rajasthan, India.
- Ranjan Ghosh - Indian screenwriter, notably acclaimed director Aparna Sen's first co-author.
- Vidya Balan - Indian actress based in Mumbai, India.
- Gangadhar Gadgil - Marathi fiction writer.
- Rafiq Zakaria - late Indian politician and Islamic scholar.
- Pandurang Vaman Kane - notable Indologist and Sanskrit scholar and former Vice Chancellor of university of Mumbai.
- Mancherjee Bhownagree - British politician of Indian Parsi heritage.
- Nanabhoy Palkhivala - noted Indian jurist and economist.
- Sucheta Dalal - renowned business journalist from Mumbai, India.
- Thrity Umrigar - noted journalist and author from Mumbai, India.
- Aditi Govitrikar- Mrs World 2000
- Dinanath Rege - Prominent food scientist, technologist and former director of MUICT(formerly known as UDCT)
- Zakir Naik - Prominent Muslim scholar on comparative religion
- ^ World Ranking of University of Mumbai
- ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2009/results/401-500 (The THES - QS world universities ranking). UoM (University of Mumbai) is ranked amongst the top 500 universities in the world. It is placed at the 432nd position. There are 3 other universities that share the position of 432 along with mumbai university these are i)Universite des Sciences et Technologies - France; ii) University of Paris 5 - Rene Descartes - France; iii)Università degli Studi di Pavia - Italy. (The rankings have been published by the London based 'The Times Higher - QS World University Rankings' in partnership with QS Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd ) THES is a newspaper based in London that reports specifically on issues related to higher education.