|Radboud University Nijmegen|
|Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen|
|Latin: Universitatis Radbodianae Noviomagensis|
|Motto||In Dei nomine feliciter (Happily in God's name)|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic  |
The Radboud University Nijmegen was established in 1923 as the Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, or Catholic University of Nijmegen. It started with 27 professors and 189 students. The RU was founded because the Catholic community in the Netherlands wanted its own university. Catholics in the Netherlands at that time were disadvantaged and occupied almost no higher posts in government. After fierce competition with the cities of Den Bosch, Tilburg, The Hague and Maastricht, Nijmegen was chosen as the city to house the university. The subsequent Second World War hit the university hard. Many prominent members were lost, like professors Robert Regout and Titus Brandsma. They were deported to Dachau concentration camp. In 1943, rector Hermesdorf refused to cooperate with the Germans. On 22 February 1944, the university lost many buildings in a bombardment. Classes resumed at the RU in March 1945 . Student numbers rose from 3,000 in 1960 to 15,000 in 1980.
Since the 1980s the RU has constantly renewed itself. One of the world's most powerful magnets was installed at the RU. In 2004, the university officially changed its name to Radboud University Nijmegen, after Saint Radboud, a Catholic bishop who lived around 900.
The university's medical department is linked to the St Radboud University Medical Center which is a large teaching hospital, located on the Heyendaal campus along with the other university buildings. New building projects include new halls of residence, a sports centre and several science buildings. The university campus is located right next to Heyendaal railway station. Frequent shuttle buses connect the university to Central Station and the city centre.
The Radboud University Nijmegen offers numerous bachelor's and master's programmes. It is also home to research institutions like NanoLab Nijmegen, Donders Centre for Cognition and the Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging. Faculty members Anne Cutler (1999), Henk Barendregt (2002), Peter Hagoort (2005), and Theo Rasing (2008) won the Spinozapremie. The THES - QS World University Rankings ranked the Radboud University Nijmegen as the 220st best university in the world in 2009.