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The University of Nottingham
Motto Latin: Sapientia urbs conditur[1]
Motto in English A City is Built on Wisdom[1]
Established 1948 - gained independent University status[2]
1881 - University College Nottingham established as a college of the University of London[3]
Type Public
Chancellor Professor Fujia Yang[4]
Vice-Chancellor Professor David Greenaway[5]
Visitor The Lord President of the Council ex officio
Students 33,550[6]
Undergraduates 24,355[6]
Postgraduates 9,195[6]
Location Nottingham, England, UK
52°56′20″N 1°11′49″W / 52.939°N 1.197°W / 52.939; -1.197Coordinates: 52°56′20″N 1°11′49″W / 52.939°N 1.197°W / 52.939; -1.197
Colours Green and Gold         
Affiliations Russell Group,[7] Universitas 21,[8] ACU, EUA
Website http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/
University of Nottingham logo.png

The University of Nottingham is a public research university in the city of Nottingham, England, with further campuses in Ningbo, China and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The university was founded in 1881, and is a member of the Russell Group, the Sutton Trust 13, Universitas 21, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, and the European University Association. The university is ranked in the UK's Top 10 and the World's Top 100 universities by the Shanghai Jiao Tong (SJTU) and Times Higher (THE) World University Rankings, and the 2008 RAE found 60 per cent of Nottingham's research to be ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’[9].

Contents

History

The University of Nottingham traces its origins to the founding of an adult education school in 1798. The foundation stone of the original University College Nottingham on Shakespeare Street was laid in 1877, with a speech by former UK prime minister, William Ewart Gladstone.[10] This building was formally opened in 1881 by Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany.[10] A large gift of land allowed University College Nottingham to move to a new campus in 1928. This development was supported by an endowment fund and public contributions. The transfer was made possible by the generosity of Sir Jesse Boot, who presented 35 acres (140,000 m2) to the City of Nottingham in 1921.[11] Boot, later named Lord Trent, hoped the move would solve the problems facing University College Nottingham in its restricted Shakespeare Street building. Boot stipulated that while part of the Highfields site, lying southwest of the city, be devoted to the University College Nottingham, the rest should provide a place of recreation for the residents of the city. In the 1920s, the University Boulevard was created, as well as and the landscaping of the lake and public park. Initially, University College Nottingham was accommodated within one major new building named Trent Building. Designed by Morley Horder, Trent Building’s construction was one of the largest building projects in the city of Nottingham in the 1920s. [10] During this period Nottingham attracted high-profile lecturers including Albert Einstein, H G Wells and Mahatma Gandhi.[12] Indeed, the black board used by Professor Einstein during his time at Nottingham is still on display in the Physics department.[13] In 1948, University College Nottingham received its Royal Charter, which gave it the title of "university" and the power to confer degrees.[14] The name changed from University College Nottingham to The University of Nottingham. Previously, the institution's students received their degrees from the University of London.

Over time, Nottingham has undergone vast expansion. In the 1940s, the Midlands Agricultural and Dairy College at Sutton Bonington merged with Nottingham; in 1970, the university established the UK's first medical school of the 20th century.[10] In 1999, a new Jubilee Campus was opened on the former site of the Raleigh Bicycle Company, one mile (1.6 km) away from the University Park Campus. Nottingham then began to expand overseas, opening a campus in Malaysia and China in 1999 and 2004, respectively. Finally, In 2005, the King’s Meadow Campus opened near the University Park Campus.

The logo used until 2001

Nottingham has used several logos throughout its history. Initially, Nottingham's coat of arms with the cross, book, and towers was used and is still used in books owned by the university’s various libraries. Later, Nottingham adopted a simpler logo, in which a stylised version of Nottingham Castle was surrounded by the text "The University of Nottingham". In 2001, Nottingham undertook a major rebranding exercise, including discontinuing this logo and replacing it with the current one (with the text to the right of the stylised castle).

Organisation

Trent Building, University Park Campus.

The chief officer of Nottingham is the Chancellor, elected by the University Court on the recommendation of the University Council.[15] The chief academic and administrative officer of Nottingham is the vice-chancellor who is assisted by six pro-vice chancellors.[15] Nottingham's governing body is the University Council, which has 35 members, mostly non-academic.[15] Nottingham's academic authority is the Senate, consisting of senior academics of Nottingham and elected staff and student representatives.[15] Nottingham's largest forum is the University Court, presided over by the chancellor.[15] Nottingham's current Chancellor and President is Professor Fujia Yang; its current Vice-Chancellor is Professor David Greenaway who replaced Sir Colin Campbell in 2008, who as the UK's highest paid Vice-Chancellor, oversaw the university's expansion plans, leading the Times to call him "the Sir Alex Ferguson of Vice-Chancellors".[16]

Campuses

Trent Building and Highfields Lake, University Park Campus.
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UK campuses

University Park Campus, to the west of the Nottingham city centre, is the 330 acre historic home of The University of Nottingham. Set around its famous lake and clock-tower and with extensive parkland greenery, the campus is widely regarded as one of the most attractive in the country.[17][18] University Park has won numerous awards for its architecture and landscaping, and has been named the greenest campus in the country thanks to a new Green Flag Award. The 2009 award is the seventh in a row for University Park – more than have ever been awarded to a UK university over successive years. [19] Nottingham has several additional campuses, all of which share similar design features to the original, being "garden campuses" situated around a lake with extensive greenery (with the exception of Sutton Bonington campus, which predates the creation of University Park Campus).

Jubilee Campus, designed by Sir Michael Hopkins, was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1999 and is one mile (1.6 km) away from University Park. The campuses state-of-the-art facilities house the Schools of Education, Computer Science and Information Technology, as well as The Nottingham University Business School. The site is also the home of The National College for School Leadership. Additional investment of £9.2 million in the Jubilee Campus was completed in 2004 with a second building for Nottingham University Business School opened by Lord Sainsbury.[20] The environmentally-friendly nature of the campus and its buildings have been a big factor in the awards that it has received, including the Millennium Marque Award for Environmental Excellence, the British Construction Industry Building Project of the Year, the RIBA Journal Sustainability Award and the Civic Trust Award for Sustainability. The Jubilee Campus also won the praise of the Energy Globe Award judges in 2005. [21] The campus is distinct for its modern and unique architecture, culminating in Aspire, a 60m artistic structure which, as the tallest freestanding structure in the UK, dominates the surrounding skyline. The University plans to invest £200 million in a new scheme designed by Ken Shuttleworth, designer of the iconic and award-winning London 'Gherkin', and at the heart of the new scheme will be the Nottingham 'Volcano'. However, the architecture of the Jubilee Campus is not admired by all, and the newly completed Amenities buildings have been labelled the second worst new architectural design in Britain in a recent survey. [22]

The City Hospital Campus is located near Bestwood and houses staff and postgraduate students specialising in respiratory medicine, stroke medicine, oncology, physiotherapy, and public health. The campus will be expanded in 2009 to house a new institute of public health and a specialist centre for tobacco research.

Sutton Bonington Campus houses Nottingham's School of Biosciences and the new School of Veterinary Medicine and Science and is located about 20 kilometres (12 miles) to the south of the City of Nottingham, between the M1 motorway, Ratcliffe power station, and the Midland Main Line railway.

King's Meadow Campus was established in 2005 on the former Carlton Studios site on Lenton Lane. This campus mainly accommodates the administrative functions of Nottingham but also the Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections. A functioning television studio remains at the site that Nottingham continues to rent to the film and television industry.

University of Nottingham Malaysia campus.

International campuses

Nottingham has pioneered the introduction of overseas campuses as part of an internationalisation strategy which is unique in its ambition, depth and achievement. The first stage in this global strategy was the establishment in 1999 of a campus in Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia, a short distance from Kuala Lumpur. This was followed in 2004 with the introduction of a campus in Ningbo, China, located in the Zhejiang province. The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus was the first campus of a British University in Malaysia and one of the first anywhere in the world - earning the distinction of the Queen's Award for Enterprise 2001 and the Queen's Award for Industry (International Trade) 2006. [23] In September 2005, the Malaysia Campus moved to its new purpose-built campus at Semenyih, 30km south of Kuala Lumpur city centre. Occupying a scenic position overlooking green hills on a 101-acre site, the campus was designed to mirror the attributes of University Park in the UK. The £40 million Ningbo campus was completed in 2005 and was officially opened by John Prescott, the UK's Deputy Prime Minister, in February 2006. Like the Malaysia Campus, Ningbo Campus builds on the attributes of University Park in the UK and includes a lake and its own version of Nottingham's famous Trent Building.

Academics

Faculties and Schools

Nottingham is divided into five faculties and multiple schools of study.[24]

  • Faculty of Arts & commerce
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, Law, and Education

Research

China House, University Park Campus

Nottingham is a research-led institution and the university has been awarded two Nobel Prizes this decade.[25] Much of the pioneering work on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was carried out at Nottingham, work for which Nottingham professor Sir Peter Mansfield received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003. Nottingham remains a strong centre for research into MRI. Nottingham has contributed to a number of other significant scientific advances. Professor Frederick Kipping, Professor of Chemistry (1897-1936), made the discovery of silicone polymers at Nottingham (but failed to realise the commercial significance of what is now a multi-billion pound industry). Major developments in the in vitro culture of plants and micropropogation techniques were made by plant scientists at Nottingham, along with the first production of transgenic tomatoes by Professor Don Grierson in the 1980s. Other innovations at the university include cochlear implants for deaf children and the brace-for-impact position used in aircraft. Other facilities at Nottingham include the world's 109th most powerful supercomputer.[26]

Nottingham University Business School, Jubilee Campus.

Nottingham had 26 departments rated 5 or 5* (internationally excellent) in the UK Funding Councils' 2001 Research Assessment Exercise.[27], and for the last several years has been in the top four universities in Britain for the amount of research income received, being awarded over £140 million in research contracts for the 2008-2009 academic year.[28] Indeed, League tables compiled by the Times Higher Education based on UK Research Councils grants have revealed that The University of Nottingham came joint second in Britain in 2009 for its success rate for grant applications, ahead of Oxford, University College London (UCL) and Imperial College. [29] Nottingham is also a key partner in the British Government's designation of the city of Nottingham as a "Science City", and Nottingham's status as a world-class research institution was confirmed in the recently published 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), finishing 7th in the UK in terms of 'Research Power'.[30] According to RAE 2008 data, more than 90 per cent of research at The University of Nottingham is of international quality, with almost 60 per cent of all research defined as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’. In 27 subject areas, the University features in the UK Top Ten, with 14 in the Top Five.[31]

Rankings and reputation

The university was named Times Higher Education "University of the Year" in 2006 and Times Higher Education "Entrepreneurial University of the Year" in 2008, and although league table rankings are notoriously volatile, with recent controversy over the use of student satisfaction measures which have negatively affected large institutions like Nottingham, the university has consistently ranked amongst Britain's top 10 leading universities in the various national and international rankings published over the last 15 years. Indeed, Nottingham finished 8th in the Sunday Times 10 year average ranking of British universities based on consistent league table performance over the past decade,[32] and is ranked in the UK's Top 10 by the Shanghai Jiao Tong (SJTU) 2009 World University Rankings.[33][34] Nottingham is also a member of the elite 'Sutton Trust 13', a collection of the 13 highest ranking British universities compiled by the educational charity The Sutton Trust, which aims to challenge educational inequality at top universities. [35] Nottingham traditionally has one of the highest application to place ratios of any university in the United Kingdom, leading the Sunday Times to describe a place there as "among the most sought-after in higher education" and "with almost 10 applicants per place, Nottingham is one of the hardest universities to get into in the UK".[36][37] Therefore entry into Nottingham is extremely competitive, and as a result new undergraduates average a UCAS tariff score well north of 400, with "more than 80% of its students having at least three A grades at A-Level" according to the Times[38]. This puts its admissions selectivity firmly in the top 10 in Britain and has lead the Times to describe Nottingham students as "amongst the brightest in their peer group".[39][40] Moreover, according to the last statistical analysis by the Times Higher Education Supplement, Nottingham students averaged the 6th highest A-level grades in the United Kingdom throughout the nineties and early 2000's.


The University has experienced a rapid and successful climb up the pecking order of Great Britain's higher education system over the past two decades according to the influential Good University Guide, going in less than twenty years "from being a solid civic university to a prime alternative to Oxbridge", as well as "The nearest thing Britain has to a truly global university".[41] The University has mirrored this success abroad with a rapid rise in international rankings, firmly establishing itself amongst the top 1% of universities worldwide, leading the Sunday Times to state that Nottingham now has "one of the strongest international profiles of any UK university".[42][43] Indeed, due to Nottingham's strong international profile and entrepreneurial spirit, leading economist Andrew Oswald has described Nottingham as one of only 5 British universities capable of privatisation and competing with the major universities in the United States.[44] The University is also "one of the most employer friendly universities in the world" according to Virgin Alternative Guide to British Universities, ranking amongst the top 20 most targeted universities in the world by leading employers in the THES world rankings,[45] and in the 2008 Times High Fliers survey being named in the top 3 most targeted British universities by leading graduate recruiters.[46]. Indeed, according to the 2009 edition of the International Professional Classification of Higher Education Institutions, which assesses the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies, Nottingham is ranked 3rd in the UK (tied with Cambridge) and 28th in the World[47].


UK Cumulative average Rankings

Sunday Times 10 year average ranking (8th)[32]

World Ranking of Universities (9th in UK)[43]

Daily Telegraph Ranking of Rankings (6th)

UK University Rankings
2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
Times Good University Guide 20th[48] 16th 19th[49] 14th[50] 12th 14th[51] 13th 9th[52] 11th 12th 12th 11th 11th 13th 8th 8th= 6th 23rd=
Guardian University Guide 19th[53] 16th 19th[53] 11th 11th[54] 15th[55] 10th[56] 8th[57] 9th[58]
Sunday Times University Guide 14th 13th[59] 15th 12th[60] 11th[60] 9th[61] 10th[61] 9th[61] 8th[61] 10th[61] 8th[61] 8th[61]
Daily Telegraph 14th=[62] 6th 9th[58]
FT 9th[63][64] 9th[58] 11th[65] 7th[66] 16th[67]
Independent - Complete University Guide 16th[68] 14th[68]
World
2008 2007 2006 2005
THES — QS World University Rankings 86th[69] 70th[70] 85th[70] 97rd[71]
Academic Ranking of World Universities 82nd[72] 81st[73] 79th[74] 83rd[75]

Enrolment and student life

According to the latest statistics compiled by the Higher Education Statistics Agency, Nottingham is the UK's fifth largest university based on total student enrollment,[6] with over 30,000 students from more than 130 countries.[76]. Further, In 2009 the university received over 41,000 applications, placing it in the top 5 most popular universities in the UK. However, the university has traditionally been popular with many British public schools, with privately educated students making up approximately a third of the student body. This has proven controversial and has led Nottingham, like other middle class dominated universities such as the University of Bristol, the University of Durham and the University of Edinburgh, to introduce a variety of initiatives to help widen access and participation, culminating in the introduction of a Summer School scheme open to applicants from non-traditional backgrounds.[77]

Students' Union

The University of Nottingham Students' Union is heavily involved with providing student activities at the university and has more than 190 student societies affiliated to it. A further 76 clubs are affiliated to the Students' Union's Athletic Union. Nottingham participates yearly in the Varsity Series, a number of sporting events between the students and staff of the university and traditional rivals Nottingham Trent University. In 2008 the Students' Union won the Participation Award at the NUS Awards for significantly increasing the participation levels of student members.[citation needed]

The Downs, University Park Campus

The student magazine Impact is published regularly during term time. A range of student theatre takes place at Nottingham’s New Theatre. The Students’ Union also operates a student run, professional sound and lighting company, TEC PA & Lighting, who provide services for many events such as: Summer parties, Fresher’s Address, Graduation and Society Ball's and many other events, both within the University and to external clients. The Union boasts Europe's largest and most successful[citation needed] student-run RAG organisation 'Karnival' (or Karni), which raised £1.2 million in 2009 for a host of good causes.[78] The University radio station is the URN/Student Radio for Nottingham which has won more awards than any other at the Student Radio Awards, including Station of the Year in 2008.[citation needed]

The Students' Union also organises a number of activities and events involving students and staff with the local community. The Student Volunteer Centre sees more than 600 students each year volunteering in local schools and community organisations, as well as a range of other projects throughout the city of Nottingham. Nottingham's Active Communities initiative cooperated with the Students' Union to set up the Crocus Cafe in nearby Lenton. This cafe provides a meeting place for both students and local residents where they can sit over a Fair Trade cup of coffee and organic, vegetarian food.

Students in Free Enterprise

The Students in Free Enterprise ("SIFE") team from the University of Nottingham have won the SIFE United Kingdom National Competition for four consecutive years, making them the most successful UK SIFE team to date. Based at the Nottingham University Business School, SIFE Nottingham are the 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 national champions. They have competed at SIFE World Cups in Toronto, Paris, New York and Singapore, ranking them as one of the leading SIFE teams in the world.

Student accommodation

Nottingham's accommodation provides more than 6,000 rooms, owned by the university or provided by external developers, all close to the campuses and ranging from modern self-catering flats to traditional halls of residence.[79] Catered halls of residence provide a more "home from home" service. Fifteen halls, housing about 4,000 students across the University Park, Jubilee, and Sutton Bonington campuses, are owned and managed by Nottingham. Three meals a day are provided as part of the accommodation fee with a varied menu catering for various dietary requirements. Nottingham's accommodation features rooms on each campus that are accessible to students with disabilities, including larger rooms for extra storage or work space, adapted bathrooms and facilities for those with hearing impairments.

Lakeside Arts Centre

At the south entrance to the main campus, in Highfields Park, lies the Lakeside Arts Centre, the University of Nottingham's public arts facility and performance space.

Since adding the Civic Trust Award Winning D. H. Lawrence Pavilion to its existing portfolio of the Djanogly Art Gallery and Djanogly Recital Hall in autumn 2001, Lakeside has established itself as a successful multi-arts centre in the East Midlands, attracting almost half a million visitors in its first 3 years.[80] Its programme is complemented by two cafés and picturesque parkland, originally purchased and developed by industrialist Sir Jesse Boot.

Beyond the 225 capacity theatre space, the Lawrence Pavilion houses a range of cultural facilities, including a series of craft cabinets selling original works, the Weston Gallery, which displays the prized and unique manuscript collection from the University of Nottingham, the Wallner gallery which exists as a platform for local and regional artists, and a series of visual arts, performance and hospitality spaces specifically designed to be flexible.

Other facilities include the Djanogly art gallery, recital hall, and theatre, which in the past have hosted recordings and broadcasting by BBC Radio 3, the NOTT Dance and NOW festivals, and a series of critically acclaimed contemporary art exhibitions, such as the current display 'The American Scene: Prints from Hopper to Pollock' offered in partnership with The British Museum.

Controversies

University of Nottingham, Trent Building

Nottingham attracted controversy in 2001 when it accepted £3.8 million from British American Tobacco for the creation of a centre of corporate social responsibility.[81] This donation caused Professor Richard Smith, editor of the British Medical Journal to resign from his post as professor at Nottingham. The tobacco company funds were donated to establish an International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility at Nottingham University Business School, which in 2007, was ranked 1st in the UK, 4th in Europe, and 28th in the world in the Master of Business Administration (MBA) rankings compiled by the Aspen Institute, whose biennial table highlights full-time MBA programmes that integrate ethical, social, and environmental issues.[82] Despite predictions that medical research income and cancer studies would be affected adversely in the long-term at Nottingham, funding for cancer research has been robust in recent years, with significant public-private projects on breast and lung cancer in the laboratory of Professor John Robertson, as well as a successful bid in 2008 to establish a UK centre for Tobacco Control Studies under the leadership of Professor John Britton.[83]

Terror Arrests

On May 14th 2008 Hicham Yezza, an administrator, and Rizwaan Sabir, a postgraduate student were arrested at the University of Nottingham and detained for six days under the Terrorism Act 2000 after the University of Nottingham informed the police on finding an edited version of the al-Qaeda training manual the student was using for his research. Both were released without charge from terrorism offences, but Yezza re-arrested on immigration grounds.[84][85]

Notable alumni

One of the most celebrated alumni of Nottingham is the novelist D. H. Lawrence. Nottingham has particularly strong links with Malaysia. The last two Malaysian Kings and the present Queen, as well as the current prime minister Najib Tun Razak and several other Malaysian government ministers are graduates. Nottingham also has strong links with the British Secret Service, or MI6, with the famous Cold War spy Greville Wynne a Nottingham graduate, and the current head of MI6, Sir John Sawers, is a Nottingham alumnus. Other prominent alumni include 2003 Nobel laureate Sir Clive Granger, 12 current members of the UK Parliament and Chinese sporting superstar Deng Yaping, a 4 time Olympic champion who was voted Chinese Athlete of the Century. Nottingham alumni include numerous Chairmen, CEOs and Managing Directors of leading multi-national corporations, including Citigroup, UBS, Vauxhall, The Post Office, Glaxo SmithKline, National Grid, Fox Searchlight, the Guardian Media Group, and Vodafone McLaren Mercedes. Indeed, according to the 2009 edition of the International Professional Classification of Higher Education Institutions, which assesses the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies, Nottingham is ranked 3rd in the UK (tied with Cambridge) and 28th in the World[86].

See also

References

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Bibliography

  • Fawcett, Peter and Neil Jackson (1998). Campus critique: the architecture of the University of Nottingham. Nottingham: University of Nottingham.
  • Tolley, B.H. (2001). The history of the University of Nottingham. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.

External links


Simple English

The University of Nottingham
Motto Latin: Sapientia urbs conditur
"A city is built on wisdom"
Established 1798 (became a London university college 1881, separated from University of London 1948)
Type Public
Endowment £28.4 million[1] (2008)
Chancellor Professor Fujia Yang
Vice-Chancellor Peter Greenaway
Students 33,550[2] (2008)
Undergraduates 24,355[2]
Postgraduates 9,195[2]
Place Nottingham, United Kingdom (52°56′20″N 1°11′49″W / 52.939°N 1.197°W / 52.939; -1.197)
Campus 330 acres
Colours Green and Gold
            
Memberships Russell Group, Universitas 21, ACU, EUA
Website http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/

The University of Nottingham is a university in the city of Nottingham, in the United Kingdom. It has four different sites in the United Kingdom. It also has a site in China and a site in Malaysia. It was named the 'University of the Year' in 2006 by the London newspaper, The Times.

The University of Nottingham is ranked in the UK's Top 10 and the World's Top 100 universities by the Academic Ranking of World Universities and the Times Higher Education - Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings.

Associations

Nottingham University is the fifth largest university in the UK.[3] It is a member of:

  • the Russell Group,[4]
  • Universitas 21,[5]
  • the Association of Commonwealth Universities,[6]
  • and the European University Association.[7]

References

Other websites


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