University of Redlands: Wikis

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University of Redlands
University of Redlands Centennial Celebration Logo
Established 1907
Type Private
Endowment $106.3 million[1]
President James R. Appleton
Faculty 204 full-time; 100 adjunct
Students 4500 under and post-grad
Location Redlands, California, United States
Campus Suburban, 160 acres (0.65 km2)
Colors Maroon and Gray          
Nickname Bulldogs
Mascot Bulldog "Duke"
Athletics NCAA Division III
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Affiliations None
Website www.redlands.edu
University of Redlands Logo 716.png

The University of Redlands is a private liberal arts and sciences university located in Redlands, California. The university's campus sits on 160 acres (0.6 km²) near downtown Redlands. The university was founded in 1907 and was associated with the American Baptist Church. The land for the university was donated by church member Karl C. Wells. The university maintained its religious orientation and required chapel attendance of all students until 1972. The university is now an independent institution but maintains an informal relationship with the group American Baptist Churches USA.

On March 16, 2010, President Stuart Dorsey resigned his position due to pressure from faculty and students regarding impending layoffs and budget cuts.

On March 17, 2010, current Chancellor and former President James R. Appleton was appointed to replace Dorsey until a national search committee can identify a replacement. Prior to his retirement, Appleton served as the University's eighth president for 18 years, from 1987 to 2005.

Contents

History of the University of Redlands

Administration building.
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Founding the University

The University of Redlands had its roots in the founding of two other Baptist institutions, California College in Oakland, and Los Angeles University. After the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 damaged the finances of California College, a Baptist commission began exploring the liquidation of both institutions to develop a new institution in Southern California. The Reverend Jasper Newton Field, a Baptist pastor at Redlands, persuaded the Redlands Board of Trade to propose a donation of at least 100,000 dollars and 40 acres (160,000 m2) for an interdenominational campus (on land donated by layman Mr. K.C. Wells). On June 27, 1907 the Commission voted all in favor of the Redlands proposal.

Ground was broken in April 9, 1909, on the hill where the administration building now stands. Nine founding faculty members held their first day of classes in the Redlands Baptist Church on September 30, 1909, with 39 students attending.

On January 27, 1910, the University of Redlands opened its physical doors by occupying the newly completed Administration building. Bekins Hall and the President's mansion were the only two other buildings completed. President Field was charged with further securing $200,000 for endowment, but the Great Freeze of 1911, which wiped out half the California citrus crop and severely damaged the local economy, made this impossible.

President Field resigned in 1914. Victor LeRoy Duke, Dean and Professor of Mathematics, became the next president. The Southern California Baptist community initiated a campaign to raise $50,000 to clear outstanding debt. The following spring the Northern Baptist Education Board endorsed the school, promising to help raise an endowment.

The Quad with the Memorial Chapel in the distance.

By 1925 the faculty numbered 25, and student enrollment had increased to 465. Finances had improved to the extent that, with significant volunteer help, UR was able to erect 12 new buildings by the end of the decade. New dormitories, classrooms, a library, memorial chapel and gymnasium were built. A school of education was added. A developing alumni base also started to support the university. By 1928, the University's endowment was $2,592,000, the fourth largest in the state and among the top ten percent of American universities.[2]

Redlands during the Great Depression

By the beginning of 1932, the effects of the Great Depression started to be felt at the University. Enrollment soared, as there was no work to be found, but student indebtedness also increased exponentially, as well as the amount the University owed banks. Salaries were cut, and employees were laid-off. On March 3, 1933, the day after the governor declared a moratorium on banks, President Duke died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

The administration of UR's third President, Dr. Clarence Howe Thurber, soon ran afoul of ultra-conservative churches. Student members complained of a liberal attitude toward Baptist doctrine being taught at the campus. The later affair of Dr. William H. Roberts, a Redlands psychology professor who became the campaign manager of Upton Sinclair's run for governor in 1934, also severely strained town and gown relations.

Redlands during and after World War II

The 1940s brought many changes to the University of Redlands. They began with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As conscriptions and enlistments for the war depleted classes, courses were set up for the soldiers at Camp Haan and March Field.

The July 1, 1943 arrival of a Navy V-12 unit, composed of 631 men for officer candidate training, along with a civilian enrollment of 473 women and 110 men, was Redlands’ largest enrollment ever, and gradually lead to the easing of social restrictions. Military men were not required to attend chapel, and on New Year's Eve the Marines clandestinely held the first impromptu dance ever on the campus. Two months later, the Navy held the first formal dance on the commons, and the Trustees finally discarded the “no dancing” policy in 1945, after the Redlands V-12 unit had been disbanded.[3]

The passage of the GI Bill further opened the doors at Redlands. By special action of Congress, housing units for 50 veteran's families were installed on campus. Of the 219 graduates of June, 1949, 126 were veterans, and of these 70 were married.

The 50s saw other changes. Fraternity houses were established for the first time, and other improvements made to the university. The first Ph.D. ever granted by the University was received in 1957, by Milton D. Hummex, in Philosophy.

Compulsory chapel attendance fell to the student militancy of the 1960s and 70s. The seventh President of the University, Dr. Douglas Moore, was not even Baptist. The campus became truly interdenominational and multicultural, going for some years without clergymen on the Board of Trustees.

Organization

The Armacost Library

Students at the university study in one of five schools: the College of Arts and Sciences, the School of Education, the School of Business, the School of Music, or the Johnston Center for Integrative Studies.

College of Arts and Sciences

The College of Arts and Sciences serves approximately 2,407 students from 43 states and 10 foreign countries. About 24 percent are Asian, Latino, African American, Native American or multi-ethnic students.

The college has 167 full-time faculty members. Eighty-five percent of full-time faculty have a Ph.D. or terminal degree.

Johnston Center for Integrative Studies

Born in the midst of the Experiential Education Movement, Johnston College, an endowed college which was to become the first cluster college at the University of Redlands. It began as an experiment in professor-student mentor relationships where a student-initiated, contract-driven education, and operated as an autonomous unit of the university for approximately 10 years. The first class of approximately 30 students, graduated in 1972. The structure of the educational system was based on seminars (8-10 students), tutorials (3-8), and independent studies.

In 1979, it was integrated into the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) as the Johnston Center for Individualized Studies. It operated under that name until the mid-1990s, when it was renamed The Johnston Center for Integrative Studies.

Today, some two-hundred Redlands students live and learn together in the Johnston complex, which includes two residence halls and five faculty offices. Students design their own majors in consultation with faculty, and write contracts for their courses, for which they receive narrative evaluations in lieu of traditional grades.

School of Music

The University of Redlands School of Music was founded along with the University as its School of Fine Arts. It is today an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music, and its requirements for entrance and graduation comply with the standards of this accrediting organization.

Approximately 185 students study Music with 13 full-time and 26 adjunct faculty.

Any University student may participate in musical activities through enrollment (usually by audition) in the University Choir, Chapel Singers, Madrigals, Wind Ensemble, Concert Band, Studio Jazz Band, Symphony Orchestra, Chamber Orchestra, University Opera, and a variety of chamber music ensembles. Students are invited to register for private, group, or class lessons, available on all instruments and for voice.

Renowned concert organist Frederick Swann is professor of organ.

School of Education

The oldest graduate division within the university, the School of Education was founded in 1924. As of 2006, it serves 584 students in graduate coursework, with 17 full-time professors and 30 adjunct professors, and offers a nationally unique "Doctorate in Leadership for Educational Justice" (Ed.D.), the only doctoral program on campus, which engages 20 students each year.

Geared primarily for the working professional, the school partners with the College of Arts and Sciences to offer undergraduates a chance to earn their teaching credential. The school currently offers students the chance to obtain their Preliminary Teaching Credential, as well as Administrative and Pupil Personnel Services Credentials. It also offers Masters of Arts Degrees in School Counseling, Curriculum and Instruction, Educational Administration and higher Education.

In 2001 the School of Education partnered with the Lewis Center for Educational Research in Apple Valley. They offer Preliminary Teaching Credentials and Master of Arts in Education programs onsite and serve Apple Valley and the surrounding high desert communities.

In the Fall of 2008, the University of Redlands, School of Education expanded to a second satellite campus in Orange County. Working with the University of Redlands, School of Business, the School of Education offers Multiple and Single Subject Teacher Credential Programs and an Education Masters degree in Counseling. Credential courses are held twice a week and Masters level courses are held one to three nights a week.

School of Business

Founded in 1976 as the Alfred North Whitehead College for Lifelong Learning, the School of Business started as an experiment in providing educational services to working adults in locations throughout Southern California. It was one of the first successful ventures in quality education through off-site learning. It evolved to become the School of Business in 2001.

The School of Business currently has 1,019 full-time students (2006), taught by 22 full-time and 46 adjunct professors. Classes are held at the Redlands campus as well as satellite locations in Orange County, Temecula, Los Angeles County, Riverside, Rancho Cucamonga/Ontario and San Diego County.

The School of Business also offers a daytime MBA program, which was launched in 2006. The program provides an opportunity for a Redlands graduate to stay a fifth year and complete a masters. Some aptly prepared students could even complete the program in as little as 30 units. According to Keith Roberts, associate dean, "The school of business has traditionally only taught working adults in an evening program, but we saw there was a need for traditional students who completed their bachelor's to move right into a graduate program so this was a new market that our school of business had never really addressed."[4]

Athletics

Redlands competes in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SCIAC) which operates within NCAA Division III. Redlands was one of the founding members of the SCIAC in 1915 and is one of only two schools to have had continuous membership. The university currently fields ten men’s teams and eleven women’s teams.

The team mascot is the bulldog. The university has traditionally maintained a live bulldog in this capacity. The current mascot is Duke, who has held the title since 2003. He is commonly seen at sporting events or around campus.

Campus Housing

The University offers its students guaranteed housing during their four years of undergraduate study. Many dorms are "themed", with themes such as "freshman", "social justice", "substance-free", etc. These themes and configurations change from time to time.

Students must live on campus unless there is parental consent and a compelling reason until the age of 23.

The majority of students live in double-occupancy rooms with semi-private hallway bathrooms located around the Quad. Most rooms offer a sink and some dorms offer open, gym-style open showering facilities. There are a few semi-private showers that are unisex, primarily in the Holt building of the Johnston complex.

Air conditioning is not standard in many dorms. Where air conditioning is provided, the thermostat is usually controlled centrally, outside of the dorms, and may only be available 2–6 hours per day, depending on the dorm. It can be very hot at the beginning and end of the academic year. During the winter, heat is provided in all dorms but, again, may be subject to limited hours of operation, leading, in some dorms, to very cold nights and mornings.

Students live in the following halls and complexes:

  • Anderson Hall: Home to approximately 200 undergraduates primarily in first or second years.
  • Bekins Hall: One of the two "Johnston Complex" housing and classroom buildings, Bekins has the distinction of being the first residence hall on campus. Non air-conditioned and does not meet current earthquake standards. Contains a cafe.
  • Bekins-Holt: Johnston Complex's other building includes the Johnston lobby and is air conditioned during certain hours of the day. Contains a basement cafe.
  • Brockton Avenue Apartments: The newest housing at the University, the Brockton Apartments opened for the 2003-2004 academic year. The complex houses approximately 250 residents in four-person units. These units share two bathrooms and a common area/kitchen. Brockton is viewed as the best place for upperclassmen to live, however it comes at a higher cost than the halls.
  • California-Founders Hall: Consists of an all male wing (California) and an all female wing (Founders) joined by a common lobby to form a living area for approximately 200 sophomore and junior students. This hall underwent major renovation in the summer of 2006 to outfit the hall with modern fire equipment, as well as electrical upgrades, structural bolstering, and air conditioning. The hall reopened September 1, 2006 for staff, hosting residents the next day.
  • Cortner Hall: Home to 130 residents, usually in the upper classes of juniors and seniors. The hall was renovated in 2000 and is viewed by many to be the epitome of upperclass housing within the hall system.
  • East Hall: Originally built for the Johnston Complex, East hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three air conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors. This is one of the few halls on campus that offers all-single occupancy accommodation.
  • Fairmont Hall: The campus' smallest dorm, Fairmont hosts 60 residents who come together with an interest in Social Justice. It houses a combination of two first-year seminars and upperclass students with an interest in social justice. Fairmont is the only hall with its own mascot: a rock, deemed such a prize for its theft and relocation over the years that Fairmont residents anchored it to the ground in concrete in 1976. To this day, various other halls attack the rock in a friendly water-balloon battle late at night.
  • Grossmont Hall: Home to approximately 120 women, Grossmont is the largest unisex hall on campus. The financier specified that the hall were to be for the use of women exclusively for the duration of its lifetime; thus it stands today. Non air-conditioned.
  • Merriam Hall: The school's dedicated "green hall", Merriam houses a combination of first-year seminars and upperclass students interested in environmental sustainability. Merriam has air-conditioned rooms for several hours a day. Gym-style open showers.
  • Melrose Hall: The "quiet" hall features extended quiet hours and a newly renovated living area. Melrose houses 65 students.
  • North Hall: Merriam's twin hall, North is the Wellness Hall, featuring substance-free living, and a primary pick for athletes due to its proximity to the athletic facilities. Gym-style open showers.
  • Williams Hall: East's twin hall, Williams hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three partially air conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors. The only other hall with all single-occupancy rooms.

New units

Lewis Hall

The University has recently added two new buildings: Lewis Hall (named after U.S. Congressman Jerry Lewis) and Appleton hall (named after the former university president). Lewis hall opened in fall of 2005, and is home to the Master of Science in Geographic Information Systems Program, the Environmental Studies Program, and the Redlands Institute (an environmental research institute). Appleton Hall opened in spring 2006 and is home to the physics, math, and computer science departments, which were previously in Duke and Hentschke halls. Appleton Hall, named after UR chancellor and former president Jim Appleton, cost the university about $10.3 million. Its southern wall is graced by a giant sundial designed by physics professor Tyler Nordgren, including a version for daylight-saving time, that is accurate within 10 minutes.[5] The occupants of the second building call it "Hall of Numbers."

Alternative living

The University also offers alternative housing to various organizations. Merit houses, such as the Billings[citation needed] and Harrison Houses are awarded to organizations for use in the school year. The university also offers a Greek System, unaffiliated with national Greek organizations, which also contains several houses for residence by the groups' members. The houses that compile the group of Greek housing are usually located on Frat Row which is located behind the school softball field, all with the exception of the Sigma Kappa Alpha and Chi Rho Psi house.

Greek Life

Hunsaker University Center

Active Social Fraternities:

  • Pi Chi-founded 1909 (Currently on suspension until Fall 2011)
  • Alpha Gamma Nu-founded 1923
  • Chi Rho Psi-founded 1927 (Re-Founded 2001)
  • Chi Sigma Chi-founded 1936
  • Kappa Sigma Sigma-founded 1916
  • Sigma Kappa Alpha-founded 1947

Active Sororities:

  • Alpha Sigma Pi-founded 1914
  • Alpha Theta Phi-founded 1911
  • Alpha Xi Omicron ΑΞΟ -founded 1927 (Re-Founded 1998)
  • Beta Lambda-founded 1921(Re-Founded 1988)
  • Delta Kappa Psi-founded 1910

Active Business Fraternities:

Active Service Fraternities:

Honors Societies:

  • Omicron Delta Kappa -national leadership honor society emphasizing holistic development
  • Phi Beta Kappa - an interdisciplinary national academic honor society.
  • Phi Mu Alpha - a social fraternity for men of musicianly character.
  • Pi Gamma Mu - a prestgious, international social science honor society that is dedicated to community service and interdisciplinary scholarship in the social sciences.
  • Psi Chi - a national honor society in the field of Psychology
  • Sigma Alpha Iota - an international music-based sisterhood founded in 1903
  • Sigma Tau Delta - an English honor society that provides social and scholarly opportunities.
  • Pi Kappa Lambda - a national honor society in the field of music.[citation needed]

Diversity based organizations

Rangi Ya Giza (RYG)- founded on May 15, 1992 - non-Greek, diversity based brotherhood that seeks to positively affect the campus and community by organizing service projects, raising awareness of local and global issues, and taking action against injustices in our society. Rangi Ya Giza is Swahili for "A Darker Shade" to represent their East African roots. RYG focuses specifically on benefitting organizations in the community such as Boys & Girls Club of Redlands, Emmerton Elementary school, and the Stillman House. Their involvement on campus includes ASUR Cabinet, ASUR Senate, Intramural sports, SEEDS, I'm Going to College, Outdoor Programs, Admissions Hosts, and putting on annual programs and events such as Sister's Day Dinner, Diversity Mixer, Benefit Our Future Week, Benefit X, and Club Cup.

Wadada Wa Rangi Wengi (WRW), meaning "Sisters of Many Shades" in Swahili- founded on October 15, 1992 - non-Greek sistahood dedicated to raising awareness about issues of diversity, gender, and social injustice. WRW sponsors many events on campus, including Breast Cancer Awareness Week, Diversity Mixer, and Sexual Violence Awareness Week. The womyn also extend their reach beyond the university and into the community through Boys and Girls Club, Emmerton Elementary, Hoop Shots, Relay-4-Life, AIDS Walk, SEEDS, I'm Going to College, and the Redlands Animal Shelter.

(RYG and WRW are organizations that were founded as a result of the Los Angeles race riots in response to communal apathy.)

Fidelity, Isonomy, Erudition (FIE) -founded on February 10, 2006- Co-ed Siblinghood that prides itself in its commitment to service and awareness, creating a more empathetic community, and combating a gender binary. Service, Awareness, and Siblinghood are the three pillars the organization's 27 members (Spring 2008) stand firm on. Within 15 months of its founding, FIE was recognized as the University's Multicultural Organization of the Year, as well as granted a University-owned house.

Filming at Redlands

Due to its location in the Greater Los Angeles Area, The U of R campus has been used as the setting for films such as Hell Night (1981), Joy Ride (2001), Slackers (2002), and The Rules of Attraction (2002). It has also been used in at least one Perry Mason episode as a stand-in for fictional Euclid College.

Notable alumni

References

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf. Retrieved March 8, 2010. 
  2. ^ Nelson, Lawrence Emmerson, "Redlands: Biography of a College, the first fifty years of the University of Redlands" University of Redlands, CA 1958.
  3. ^ Moore, Frank E. "Redlands, Our Town" Moore Historical Foundation, Redlands, CA 1987
  4. ^ Kennedy-Ross, Selicia (October 17, 2007). "What's in the future for I. E. universities?". San Bernardino County Sun. http://www.sbsun.com/search/ci_7342616?IADID=Search-www.sbsun.com-www.sbsun.com. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  5. ^ Heiss, David James (2006-07-02). "Physics, up close and personal". Redlands Daily Facts. http://www.redlandsdailyfacts.com/search/ci_4004319?IADID=Search-www.redlandsdailyfacts.com-www.redlandsdailyfacts.com. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  6. ^ John Raitt - Biography (IMDB)
  7. ^ Thalmus Rasulala - Biography (IMDB)

External links


Coordinates: 34°03′53″N 117°09′55″W / 34.06474°N 117.16539°W / 34.06474; -117.16539


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