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Université de Strasbourg
Established 1621[1]; 1872[2]; 1 January 2009[3]
Type Public
Endowment 406 million[4]
President Alain Beretz
Students 41,740
Location Strasbourg, France
Website http://www.unistra.fr

The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is the largest university in France, with 43,000 students and over 4,000 researchers.

The present-day French university traces its history to the earlier German language University of Straßburg, which had been founded in 1631, and was divided in the 1970s into three separate institutions: Louis Pasteur University, Marc Bloch University, and Robert Schuman University. On 1 January 2009, the fusion of these three universities recreated a united University of Strasbourg

University Palace, main building of the former Imperial University of Strasbourg
The Gallia building, formerly Germania, seat of the Regional Student's Service Centre
The National and University Library on Place de la République, former Kaiserplatz
Main Law faculty building of the former Robert Schuman University
Le Bel Institute of the former Louis Pasteur University

Contents

History

The university emerged from a Lutheran humanist German Gymnasium , founded in 1538 by Johannes Sturm in the Free Imperial City of Strassburg. It was transformed to a university in 1631.

The German university still persisted even after the annexation of the City by King Louis XIV in 1681, but mainly turned into a French university during the French Revolution.

The university was refounded as the German Kaiser-Wilhelm-Universität in 1872, after the Franco-Prussian war and the return of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany provoked a westwards exodus of Francophone teachers. In 1918 Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, so a reverse exodus of Germanophone teachers took place.

During World War II, when France was occupied, personnel and equipment of the University of Strasbourg was transferred to Clermont-Ferrand. In its place, the short-lived German Reichsuniversität Straßburg was created.

In 1970, the university was subdivided into three separate institutions:

These were however reunited in 2009, a process that should finish in 2012, and were able to be among the first twenty French universities to gain greater autonomy.[5]

Buildings

The university campus covers a vast part near the center of the city, located between the "Cité Administrative", "Esplanade" and "Gallia" bus-tram stations.

Modern architectural buildings include: Escarpe, the Doctoral College of Strasbourg, Atrium, Pangloss and others. The structures are depicted on the main inner wall of the Esplanade university restaurant, accompanied by the names of their architects and years of establishment.

The administrative organisms, attached to the university (Prefecture; CAF, LMDE, MGEL -- health insurance; SNCF -- national French railway company; CTS -- Strasbourg urban transportation company), are located in the "Agora" building.

Notable academics and alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ first establishement
  2. ^ reestablishement as Kaiser-Wilhelms-Universität by the German Empire
  3. ^ following the fusion of three Strasbourg universities: Louis Pasteur University, Marc Bloch University, and Robert Schuman University
  4. ^ (French) http://www.unistra.fr/fileadmin/upload/unistra/universite/fonctionnement/recettes_uds.pdf
  5. ^ "Décret n° 2008-787 portant création de l'université de Strasbourg" (in French). legifrance.gouv.fr. 2008-08-18. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000019341825&dateTexte=. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  

External links

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