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University of Tehran
دانشگاه تهران
Dāneshgāh-e Tehran

University of Tehran coat of arms
Motto میاسای ز آموختن یک زمان
Motto in English Rest not a moment from learning
Established 1939, via efforts of Professor Sayyed Mahmoud Hessaby
Type Public
Endowment IRR ? Billion
Chancellor Dr. Farhad Rahbar
Vice-Chancellor Dr. Mahmoud Kamarei
Staff 3,243
Students 39,922
Undergraduates 18,843
Postgraduates 21,069
Location Tehran, Iran
Affiliations FUIW
Website ut.ac.ir
University of Tehran logo

The University of Tehran (Persian: دانشگاه تهران), also known as Tehran University and UT, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. Its library is the largest in the country. It has been nicknamed "The mother university of Iran" (Persian: دانشگاه مادر). Located in Tehran, the university is among the most prestigious in Iran and the Middle East, and among the first options of applicants in the annual nationwide entrance exam for top Iranian universities. The school also admits students from all over the world and is known for its wide-ranging fields of research. UT offers 111 bachelor degree programs, 177 masters degree programs, and 156 Ph.D. degree programs.[1]

The adjacent Tehran University of Medical Sciences, although administratively separate, shares the same main campus, and publishes all its scientific research under the name "University of Tehran".[2]

Contents

History

Most Faculties of the University of Tehran were created by integrating already existing higher education institutions such as Dar al-Funun.

Opening Ceremony of the Faculty of Medicine with Reza Shah.

In 1928 however, professor Mahmoud Hessaby proposed the establishment of a comprehensive institute which could cover most of the sciences to Ali Asghar Hekmat, the then Minister of Culture in the cabinet administration of Reza Shah.

Ali Asghar Hekmat, in collaboration and consultation with Andre Godard and a team of European architects, selected and designed the master plan of the university's main campus.

The University of Tehran officially inaugurated in 1934. The Amir-abad (North Karegar) campus was added in 1945 after American troops left the property as WWII was coming to an end. Other colleges and faculties were later either founded by or directly assisted and expanded by academic institutions of the United States.[3]

The university admitted women as students for the first time in 1934, with a policy supporting universal education.[4]

In 1986, by legislation of the National Parliament, the university's oversized College of Medicine separated into the independent Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), coming under the new Ministry of Health and Medical Education. The university (TUMS) is currently Iran's most prestigious medical school with 13,000 students. However, close collaboration between the university and Faculties of its sister University of Tehran continue in many areas of research.

Colleges

At present, UT comprises 40 faculties, institutes, and centers of research and education. The university consists of seven campuses:

  1. The central Pardis campus, on Enghelab Ave, is the oldest and the best known of the campuses.
  2. North Kargar Campus, where the dormitories are mostly located
  3. Karaj campus[1] of agriculture and natural resources
  4. Varamin College
  5. Kish College
  6. Qom College[2]
  7. Choka Campus

Former Campuses

  1. Karaj Campus, Formerly known as University of Tehran, School of Finance and Commerce until 1981 when it was rebranded as Allameh Tabatabaii University.

Emblems

The emblem of the University of Tehran was modeled after this Sassanid stucco relief discovered in Ctesiphon

The emblem of the University of Tehran, which was designed by Dr. Mohsen Moghadam, a late faculty member of the Faculty of Fine Arts, is based on an image, which can be found in the stucco relief and seals of the Sasanid period. In this case, it is a copy from a stucco relief discovered in the city of Ctesiphon.

The seal symbolized ownership. In the Sassanid period, these seals were used in stucco reliefs, coins, and silver utensils as a family symbol. Since the alphabet of Sasanid Pahlavi’s script was used in these badges, they have the nature of a monogram as well.

The motif is placed between two eagle wings. One can also find these motifs in other images of this period, such as in royal crowns, particularly at the end of the Sasanid period. Crowns with these seals have been called “two-feather crowns” in The Shahnameh. The motif between the wings was made by combining Pahlavi scripts. Some scholars have tried to read these images. The script is in the form of “Afzoot” (Amrood), which means plentiful and increasing.[5]

Faculties

Entrance to the College of Fine Arts. The main campus' architecture was largely inspired by early 20th century European designs.
The state of the art building for College of Engineering in Amir Abaad Campus

Initially University of Tehran included six faculties:

Later more faculties were founded:

In 1992, the faculties of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacology seceded to become the Tehran University of Medical Sciences but is still located at the main campus (The central Pardis).

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Institutes

University of Tehran also co-ordinates several major institutes:

  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics
  • Institute of Geophysics
  • The International Research Center for Coexistence with Deserts
  • Institute of History of Science [4]
  • Institute for North American and European Studies [5]
  • Institute of Electrotechnic
  • Center for Women's Studies [6]
  • Applied Management Research Center [7]
  • Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute
  • Vehicle, Fuel, and Environment Research Institute
  • Turbo Machine Institute
  • Institute of Petroleum Engineering
  • Water Institute
  • The Research Institute of Energy Planning and Management
  • The Engineering Optimization Research Group
  • Biomaterial Research Institute
  • Advanced Material Research Institute
  • Inorganic Material Research Institute

World Rankings

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU/Shanghai Ranking)[7]

2009 World rank: 402-501 [8]

2009 Regional rank: 68-106 [9]

2009 National rank: 1 [10]


Times higher education (QS ranking)[11]

2009 Overall rank: 368 (Natural Sciences: 183 -- Engineering & IT: 112 -- Life Sciences & Biomedicine: 298)

2008 Overall rank: 401-500 (Natural Sciences: 229 -- Engineering & IT: 159)

2007 Overall rank: 539 (Natural Sciences: 277 -- Engineering & IT: 184 -- Life Sciences & Biomedicine: 410 -- Arts & Humanities:301 -- Social Sciences: 228)


Webometric ranking[12]

2009: 987

2008: 1083

2007: 1463

Political role

UT's central mosque has been a center for religious and political activity in Tehran during the past 30 years.

University of Tehran's central place in Iranian elite circles has made it the setting for many political events and cultural works.

Perhaps, to historians, the University of Tehran is most notably remembered for its key roles in the political events of recent history. It was in front of the same gates of this school that The Shah's army opened fire on dissident students, killing many and further triggering the 1979 revolution of Iran. It was there and 20 years later in July 1999 that, albeit, a much smaller number of dissident students confronted the police.

University of Tehran (UT) has always been a bastion of political movement and ideology. At UT the leaders of the country deliver some of their most potent speeches often on Friday during prayers. Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, the main campus of the university and its surrounding streets have been the site for Tehran's Friday prayers.

The political and social role of University of Tehran in the Iranian domestic arena has continued to be so pronounced that in November 2005 (to February 2008) a senior Islamic scholar became chancellor of the university, replacing Dr. Faraji-dana (professor of electrical engineering faculty). Ayatollah Abbasali Amid Zanjani (عباسعلی عميد زنجانی) is a professor in Law, is known for his strong ties to Ayatollah Khomeini in the 1979 revolution, and had spent time in the Shah's prisons before the Islamic Revolution. In February 2008, an Iranian economist, Dr. Farhad Rahbar, a former vice president of Iran and head of Management and Planning Organization of Iran, became the new (31st) chancellor of the university.

One hundred and nineteen faculty members of the University of Tehran is said to have resigned on June 15, 2009 to protest the attack on university dorms in the wake of contested 2009 presidential elections[13].

Notable people

Picture Gallery

See also

References

External links


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