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University of Zagreb
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
University of Zagreb logo.gif
Latin: Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis
Established 23 September 1669
Type Public
Endowment 328,5 million HRK
Rector Prof. Aleksa Bjeliš, PhD
Faculty 32
Staff 1,010
Students 65,592 (2007)
Postgraduates 7243 (2007)
Doctoral students 842 (2007)
Location Zagreb, Croatia
Campus city wide, central,
Website http://www.unizg.hr/

The University of Zagreb (Croatian: Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Latin: Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis) is the oldest Croatian university in continuous operation and also the oldest university in southeastern Europe.

Contents

History

The university was officially founded 23 September 1669 by Emperor and King Leopold I Habsburg who issued a decree granting the status and privileges of a university to the Jesuit Academy of the Royal Free City of Zagreb. According to that document the study of philosophy in Zagreb acquired a formal and legal status as Neoacademia Zagrabiensis and officially became a public institution of higher education.

The Academy was run by the Jesuits for more than a century when the Jesuit order was dissolved by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. Under a new leadership in 1772 the Academy enrolled a total of 200 students.

In 1776 Empress and Queen Maria Theresa issued a decree founding the Royal Academy of Science (Latin: Regia Scientiarum Academia) consisting of three studies or faculties: Philosophy, Theology, and Law. The former political-cameral studies became part of the newly established Faculty of Law, and thus were integrated into the Academy. Each of the faculties of the Royal Academy of Sciences had several chairs teaching one or several courses.

The Academy in Zagreb remained until 1874, despite numerous organizational changes, the focal institution of higher education in Croatia, educating most of the members of the Croatian intelligentsia.

Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer in 1861 proposed to the Croatian Parliament that a legal basis be established for the founding of the University of Zagreb. During his visit to Zagreb in 1869 the Emperor Franz Joseph signed the Decree on the Establishment of the University of Zagreb. Five years later the Parliament passed the Act of Founding, which was ratified by the Emperor on 5 January 1874. On 19 October 1874 a ceremony was held in the name of the founding of the modern University of Zagreb.

In 1874 the University had four faculties:

  • Law (Pravno-državoslovni fakultet)
  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)

The Faculty of Medicine, however, was not put into function in 1874, it had to wait until 1917. The Faculty of Philosophy served as the general scientific faculty. Since 1876 it had geology, botany, physics, mathematics, and chemistry; since 1877 zoology; since 1882 pharmacy; since 1883 geography.

In 1860, the School of Husbandry and Forestry was originally founded in Križevci. In 1898, the Academy of Forestry (Šumarska akademija) was founded as part of the Faculty of Philosophy, which encompassed all technical studies. In 1919, this school became the Faculty of Husbandry and Forestry.

In 1919, the School of Technology (Tehnička visoka škola) was founded, which was transformed into a University Faculty in 1926. Also in 1919 the School of Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarska visoka škola) was founded, transformed into a University Faculty in 1925.

In the Faculty of Philosophy, major reorganization ensued in the 1920s, as mathematics, pharmacy and other sciences started to split off, first with the creation of separate mathematics and pharmaceutical departments in 1928, when the faculty was renamed into its current name Filozofski fakultet.

In 1926, the University was composed of seven faculties:

  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Law (Pravnički fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
    • Philosophy dept. (Filozofski odjel)
    • Pharmacy dept. (Farmaceutski odjel)
  • Husbandry and Forestry (Gospodarsko-šumarski fakultet)
  • Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarski fakultet)
  • Technology (Tehnički fakultet)
    • Construction dept. (Građevni odsjek)
    • Engineering dept. (Strojarski odsjek)
    • Chemical dept. (Kemijski odsjek)

During the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945), the university was known as the Croatian University (Hrvatsko sveučilište).

The individual departments of the Faculty of Philosophy became separate faculties in 1942, 1946 when the Faculty of Sciences was formed, and finally in 1963.

In 1956, the Faculty of Technology was divided into four separate faculties:

  • Architecture-Construction-Geodesy (Arhitektonsko-građevinsko-geodetski fakultet)
  • Electrical engineering (Elektrotehnički fakultet)
  • Mechanical engineering-Shipbuilding (Strojarsko-brodograđevni fakultet)
  • Chemistry-Food technology-Mining (Kemijsko-prehrambeno-rudarski fakultet)

These eventually split up into the current layout.

Departments

Zagreb University, Faculty of Law

These are 29 faculties, 3 academies of arts and an university center. The faculties comprise the:

  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Faculty of Economics and Business
  • Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing
  • Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Faculty of Forestry
  • Faculty of Geodesy
  • Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering
  • Faculty of Graphic Arts
  • Faculty of Kinesiology
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Faculty of Metallurgy
  • Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Organization and Informatics
  • Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (Faculty of Philosophy)
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Textile Technology
  • Faculty of Theology
  • Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  • Medical School
  • School of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Teacher Education
  • Academy of Dramatic Art
  • Academy of Fine Arts
  • Academy of Music
  • University center for Croatian studies

Rectors

  • Nikola Galović, 1614. - 1684., rektor 1660. - 1663.
  • Juraj Habdelić, 1609. - 1678., rektor 1664. - 1666.
  • Filip Kaušić, 1618. - 1673., rektor 1666. - 1670.
  • Petar Merkaš, rektor 1670. - 1673.
  • Mihael Škrlec, 1635. - 1687., rektor 1673. - 1676. i 1683. - 1686.
  • Stjepan Sajković, rektor 1676. - 1679.
  • Ivan Despotović, 1639. - 1611, rektor 1679. - 1682., 1686. - 1689. i 1704. - 1709.
  • Mihael Škenderić, rektor 1689. - 1692.
  • Tomo Ovčarović, 1653. - 1700., rektor 1692. - 1695.
  • Franjo Jambrehović, 1631. - 1703., rektor 1695. - 1698.
  • Ivan pl. Patačić, 1649. - 1700., rektor 1698. - 1700.
  • Andrija Horvat, 1660. - 1727., rektor 1701. - 1703.
  • Pavao Somalović, 1664. - 1718., rektor 1709. - 1712.
  • Franjo Pesci, rektor 1713. - 1714.
  • Nikola Kralić, 1675. - 1719., rektor 1715. - 1718.
  • Baltazar Chernkoczy, rektor 1718. - 1721.
  • Franjo Janešić, 1673. - 1736., rektor 1721. - 1724.
  • Jakob Pettinati, rektor 1724. - 1727.
  • Franjo Ksaver Barci, rektor 1728. - 1731.
  • Franjo Zdelar, 1685. - 1745., rektor 1731. - 1734.
  • Jakob Pejačević, 1681. - 1738., rektor 1734. - 1738.
  • Andrija Illia, 1694. - 1754., rektor 1738. - 1741.
  • Antun Galjuf, rektor 1741. - 1744.
  • Andrija Zamberger, 1693. - 1749., rektor 1744. - 1747.
  • Franjo Ksaver Petriš, rektor 1747. - 1750.
  • Stjepan Pepen, rektor 1750. - 1753.
  • Ivan Galjuf, 1710. - 1770., rektor (1753-1756)
  • Ivan Krstitelj Žalec, rektor (1756-1759)
  • Franjo Ksaver Pejačević, 1707. - 1781., rektor (1760-1763) i (1770-1772)
  • Petar Pertold, rektor (1763-1766)
  • Josip Percaić, rektor (1766-1769 i (1772-1773)
  • Franjo Popović, privremeni ravnatelj (1773-1776)

Kraljevska akademija znanosti, (1776-1850)

  • Nikola pl. Škrlec (Skerlecz) Lomnički, 1729. - 1799., vrhovni ravnatelj (1776-1788)
  • Petar Ivan grof Sermage Susedgradski, 1746. - 1804., vrhovni ravnatelj (1788-1794)
  • Ljudevit Marić, 17?? - 1811., vrhovni ravnatelj (1795-1811)
  • Josip grof Sermage Susedgradski, 1762. - 1833., vrhovni ravnatelj (1812-1833)
  • Ivan Petar Karlo grof Sermage Susedgradski, 1793. - 1851., vrhovni ravnatelj (1834-1836)
  • Antun pl. Kukuljević Sakcinski, 1776. - 1851., vrhovni ravnatelj (1836-1844)
  • Josip Schrott (Šrot), 1791. - 1857., vrhovni ravnatelj (1844-1850)

Kraljevska pravoslovna akademija, (1850-1874)

  • Pavao Muhić, 1811. - 1897., ravnatelj (1850-1871)
  • Matija Mesić, 1826. - 1878., privremeni poslovođa (1871-1874)
  • Matija Mesić (1874-1875)
  • Stjepan Spevec (1875-1876)
  • Anton Kržan (1876-1877)
  • Konstantin pl. Vojnović (1877-1878)
  • Franjo Maixner (1878-1879)
  • Franjo Iveković (1879-1880)
  • Aleksandar Bresztyenszky (1880-1881)
  • Franjo Marković (1881-1882)
  • Feliks Suk (1882-1883)
  • Blaž Lorković (1883-1884)
  • Đuro Pilar (1884-1885)
  • Gustav Baron (1885-1886)
  • Franjo Vrbanić (1886-1887 and 1901-1902)
  • Tadija Smičiklas (1887-1888)
  • Antun Franki (1888-1889)
  • Luka Marjanović (1889-1890)
  • Natko Nodilo (1890-1891)
  • Ivan Bujanović (1891-1892 and 1903-1904)
  • Josip Pliverić (1892-1893 and 1904-1905)
  • Vinko Dvoržak (1893-1894)
  • Antun Maurović (1894-1895)
  • Franjo Spevec (1895-1896)
  • Armin Pavić (1896-1897)
  • Juraj Doćkal (1897-1898)
  • Josip Šilović (1898-1899)
  • Đuro Arnold (1899-1900)
  • Rudolf Vimer (1900-1901)
  • Vjekoslav Klaić (1902-1903)
  • Antun Heinz (1905-1906)
  • Antun Bauer (1906-1907)
  • Milivoj-Klement Maurović (1907-1908)
  • Gustav Janeček (1908-1909)
  • Josip Volović (1909-1910)
  • Julije Rorauer (1910-1911)
  • Julije Domac (1911-1912)
  • Josip Pazman (1912-1913)
  • Edo Lovrić (1913-1914 and 1937-1938)
  • Đuro Korbler (1914-1915)
  • Fran Barac (1915-1916)
  • Ernest Miler (1916-1917 and 1926-1928)
  • Julije Golik (1917-1918)
  • Ivan Angelo Ruspini (1918-1919)
  • Ladislav Polić (1919-1920 and 1924-1925)
  • Karlo Radoničić (1920-1921)
  • Vladimir Varićak (1921-1922)
  • Đuro Nenadić (1922-1923)
  • Stjepan Zimmerman (1923-1924)
  • Drago Perović (1925-1926)
  • Josip Belobrk (1928-1932)
  • Albert Bazala (1932-1933)
  • Đuro Stipetić (1933-1935)
  • Stanko Hondl (1935-1937)
  • Andrija Živković (1938-1940)
  • Stjepan Ivšić (1940-1943)
  • Božidar Špišić (1943-1944)
  • Stjepan Horvat (1944-1945)
  • Andrija Štampar (1945-1946)
  • Grga Novak (1946-1947)
  • Andrija Mohorovičić (1947-1949)
  • Marko Kostrenčić (1949-1950)
  • Antun Barac (1950-1951)
  • Franjo Bošnjaković (1951-1952)
  • Teodor Varićak (1952-1953)
  • Željko Marković (1953-1954)
  • Hrvoje Iveković (1954-1956)
  • Zoran Bujaš (1956-1958)
  • Marijan Horvat (1958-1960)
  • Vladimir Serdar (1960-1963)
  • Slavko Macarol (1963-1966)
  • Jakov Sirotković (1966-1968)
  • Ivan Supek (1968-1972)
  • Predrag Vranicki (1972-1976)
  • Drago Grdenić (1976-1978)
  • Ivan Jurković (1978-1982)
  • Zvonimir Krajina (1982-1986)
  • Vladimir Stipetić (1986-1988)
  • Zvonimir Šeparović (1988-1990)
  • Marijan Šunjić (1990-1998)
  • Branko Jeren (1998-2002)
  • Helena Jasna Mencer (2002-2006)
  • Aleksa Bjeliš (2006-)

Legacy

Since 1874, more than 200,000 students have received a bachelor's degree, more than 18,000 a master's, and more than 8,000 a doctorate from the University of Zagreb.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 45°48′38.42″N 15°58′12.35″E / 45.8106722°N 15.9700972°E / 45.8106722; 15.9700972

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