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|Unibersidad ng Pilipinas Los Baños|
UPLB Centennial Year Emblem
|Motto||Honor and Excellence|
|Established||June 18, 1908 (system)
March 6, 1909 (campus, UPCA)
November 20, 1972 (autonomy, UPLB)
|Chancellor||Luis Rey I. Velasco|
|President||Emerlinda R. Roman|
|Location|| Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
|Campus||14,665 hectares (147 km²)
university town, land grant university
|Hymn||"UP Naming Mahal"|
|Colors||Maroon and Forest Green|
|Affiliations||Association of Pacific Rim Universities (via UP System)|
The University of the Philippines Los Baños (UP Los Baños, UPLB or colloquially LB) is a public university located in the towns of Los Baños and Bay in the province of Laguna, some 63 kilometers south of Metro Manila. It was founded by American botanist Edwin Copeland on March 6, 1909 as the University of the Philippines College of Agriculture.
UPLB has a land area of 147 km², 92% of which hosts research facilities that include laboratories, greenhouses and a forest reserve. It also has similar facilities in La Carlota, Negros Occidental.
The university offers over a hundred degree programs ranging from communication arts to genetics through its nine colleges and two schools. The Philippines' Commission on Higher Education has accredited nine programs as Centers of Excellence and two as Centers of Development. Six research institutes were also recognized as Centers of Excellence by the President of the Philippines.
While alumni from UPLB have been recognized in a wide range of fields, most of them tend to specialize in the natural sciences. These include several national scientists, Nobel Prize co-winners, fellows of the Third World Academy of Sciences, academicians of the National Academy of Science and Technology and Palanca Award winners.
The university awards Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master, Master of Arts, Master of Professional Studies, Master of Science, Regular PhD and PhD by Research degrees.
The college is a recipient of a Ramon Magsaysay Award and a Center of Excellence in Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering. It administers more than half of the country's agricultural research and has trained scientists, professors and government officials across Asia.
A Center of Excellence in Biology, Chemistry, Information Technology and Mathematics as well as a Center of Development in Physics and Statistics, CAS is the largest college in the university. It is the center of education in basic and social sciences, humanities, liberal arts and foundation courses for all UPLB students.
CDC is a Center of Excellence in Communication and recipient of the KBP Golden Dove Award for best AM station. It is recognized as one of the pioneers in development communication in the world and bears the name of a major school of thought (The Los Baños School of Development Communication).
CEM offers undergraduate and graduate programs in Agricultural and Resource Economics, Development Economics, Mathematical Economics and Agribusiness Management. It also administers the APEC Center for Technology Exchange and Training for Small and Medium Enterprises.
The school offers degree programs in environmental science and undertakes research and extension focusing on agro-industrial ecology, biodiversity conservation, policy studies and environmental impact assessment, among others.
The college is the second-oldest in the university and is a partner institution of the World Agroforestry Center. It conducts research on degradation and climate change, among others.
The school offers graduate programs in coordination with other UPLB units.
The CPA offers graduate programs in Development Management, Public Affairs, Extension Education, Agricultural Education and Community Development. Its research focuses on communities in transition, access to resources, governance, policy and education, and political economy.
The college is the first in the Philippines to offer degree programs in Veterinary Medicine and is the sole Center of Excellence in the field. Its research focuses on biomedicine, animal production and veterinary public health.
Data from the Professional Regulation Commission show that UPLB is a top performing school in all the board exams it participates in, namely Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Education, Electrical Engineering, Forestry, Nutrition and Veterinary Medicine.
Housed in the various research units in the campus are analytical laboratories, specialized laboratories for tissue culture, plant and animal biotechnology, nurseries, and greenhouses for plant breeding and plant collection.
UPLB has two electron microscopes-a Hitachi Model H-300 transmission electron microscope and a Hitachi Model S-510 scanning electron microscope. It also has a meteorological station, agricultural machinery development and testing center, geographical information system and remote sensing laboratory, broadcasting facilities for AM and FM, pets and animal clinics, experimental animal farms, and other complementary facilities.
The university hosts at least five international research and extension centers - the International Rice Research Institute, World Agroforestry Centre, APEC Center for Technology Exchange and Training for Small and Medium Enterprises, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEAMEO-SEARCA), and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Center for Biodiversity. Government institutions such as bureaus of the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Agriculture are likewise headquartered at UPLB. Local research institutes like the Philippine Rice Research Institute and the Philippine Carabao Center also have offices at the university.
UPLB has research partnerships and student/faculty exchange programs with the Asian Development Bank, Cornell University, Yale University, Purdue University and Michigan State University, among others.
UPLB also receives funding support for its research initiatives from foreign organizations. These include the International Crops Research Center for the Semi-Arid Tropics, U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency, International Foundation for Science and Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research.
In 2006 and 2007, the university received PhP371 million (about US$8.5 million) in research grants from local and foreign sources.
The University released data regarding recent enrollment as supporting details for the statement released by the UPLB Management Committee due to the issues resulting from the implementation of large class sizes for bottleneck courses. The following data were lifted from the said document.
|College||2005 Enrollment||2006 Enrollment||2007 Enrollment||2008 Enrollment||2009 Enrollment|
|College||Graduated in 2005||Graduated in 2006||Graduated in 2007||Graduated in 2008||Graduated in 2009|
The university offers secondary education through the UP Rural High School.
The university is home to hundreds of organizations, ranging from Greek-letter societies to religious groups. These organizations sponsor several activities, including plays, musical performances, quiz bees, high school camps and outreach programs, among others.
DL Umali Hall, which serves as the main auditorium, usually hosts stage plays and musical performances. Smaller theaters such as the NCAS Auditorium at the Humanities and Social Sciences Building and SEARCA Auditorium are also favored venues. Baker Hall usually hosts rock artists and dance parties, while the Seniors Social Garden is a preferred venue for weddings and other intimate events.
The Student Union building houses the office of the campus paper UPLB Perspective, as well as a cafeteria, a manual duck pin bowling lane, internet stations, a table tennis center, school supplies stores and counseling offices.
Right outside campus are numerous restaurants, bars, cafés and fastfood chains. Since many students leave campus for their home cities and towns on Fridays, Thursday nights are usually the busiest and most vibrant. Vega Center and LB Square are among the favorite stomping grounds.
UPLB also hosts the popular Oblation run where applicants of a certain fraternity streak around campus. Other fraternities also host popular dance parties and concerts during the school year.
The university holds a major campus fair known as Feb Fair during Valentine’s Day week. The fair was initially held to express opposition to Martial Law under former president Ferdinand Marcos, but has since evolved into the biggest social event on campus. Popular bands and other artists converge at the Freedom Park to perform before hundreds of students and visitors. Most organizations also put up tents around the park to serve as temporary hang-outs.
Most degree-granting units have Student Councils that hold activities similar to other organizations, but are largely geared to benefit their constituent colleges. Each college is represented in the University Student Council, the highest student policymaking body on campus.
Several dormitories and apartments have been put up on campus and nearby areas to accommodate students and faculty since most of them are based outside Los Baños and nearby towns. The university also has an area dedicated to faculty housing.
The university maintains its own police force but is dependent on the municipal government and IRRI during fires and other emergencies. UPLB has a small hospital that serves the needs of faculty and students. Privately-run Los Baños Doctors Hospital is also less than a kilometer away from campus.
These officers were elected on February 25, 2010, and were proclaimed on March 1, 2010. They took their oath of office before Chancellor Luis Rey I. Velasco on March 12, 2010 and will serve until March 2011.
Chairperson: Ernest Francis Calayag
Vice-Chairperson: Diana Marie Mula
Seeing the need to set up an institution dedicated to research and education in agriculture and related disciplines to serve the new colony, the Board of Regents of the American University of the Philippines on March 6, 1909 established the University of the Philippines College of Agriculture (UPCA). Edwin Copeland, a botany professor and Thomasite from the Philippine Normal College in Manila was chosen as its first dean; Harold Cuzner, Edgar Ledyard, Carrie Ledyard and Sam Durham were Copeland’s first academic staff. Classes were first held in June 1909 with faculty houses and tents as classrooms. Less than a year later, structures for the college were finally completed in a 73-hectare abandoned farmland at the foot of Mount Makiling. A formal four-year curriculum was instituted in 1910.
By 1917, the UPCA campus had grown to 127 hectares with 7 buildings. It had 500 students with its own student council, as well as an alumni association with about 100 members. The following year Charles Baker took over the deanship from Copeland and oversaw the construction of a 300-hectare Agricultural Experiment Station. By 1927 Baker died and Bienvinido Gonzales became the third dean of UPCA, the first Filipino appointed to the post.
Under Gonzales' term, the college successfully conducted one of the first ethanol fuel road tests outside the United States mainland when UPCA engineers ran a 1929 De Soto Luxe sedan on 10% ethanol for 50,000 kilometers. The country’s first woman plant pathologist, Victoria Mendiola, likewise graduated from UPCA in the same period.
The UPCA campus was chosen as an internment camp for Allied nationals as well as a recuperative camp for Filipino war prisoners during the Japanese occupation, with Baker Hall as main internment building.
The campus became home to 8,146 POWs: 7,000 Filipinos, 1,527 Americans, 329 British, 133 Australians, 89 Dutch, 30 Norwegians, 22 Poles, 16 Italians, and 1 Nicaraguan during the occupation. Aside from twelve US Navy nurses and a few servicemen, most of the internees were civilian businessmen, teachers, bankers, and missionaries caught by the Japanese during the course of the war and incarcerated in various POW camps in the country.
In 1945 the Americans saw the need to rescue the prisoners in Los Baños. Along with Filipino guerrillas and escaped prisoners, they immediately developed a plan, which was carried out from February 21 to February 23, 1945. 2,147 Allied civilian and military internees were successfully liberated with minimal casualties.
A few days after the rescue, the Japanese in full force, led by the escaped Sadaaki Konishi, returned to Los Baños. Upon seeing no prisoners in sight, the Japanese turned their wrath on the remaining civilians who had failed to heed the warning from the guerrillas to leave. With the help of pro-Japanese Filipino traitors known as Makapili (Makabayan Katipunan Ñg Mga Pilipino or Alliance of Philippine Patriots), the Japanese soldiers massacred some 1,500 men, women and children, and burned their houses as well as those in the adjacent towns suspected of collaborating with the liberators. Konishi was tried for his war crimes after the war and hanged.
Despite the thousands of innocent civilians killed when the Japanese returned to Los Baños after the raid, it is nonetheless celebrated as one of the most successful rescue operations in modern military history.
UPCA became the first unit of the University of the Philippines to open after the war when it resumed classes on July 25, 1945. In five years, with the help of war damage funds from the US, 80% of the physical plant had been restored.
In 1946, the American Agricultural Mission to the Philippines urged the US to support the college’s experiment station. By 1950 the US Economic Survey Mission to the Philippines reechoed that recommendation, and a program headed by Cornell University was set up. 10 to 14 professors from different American universities would come and live on campus annually, bringing with them fresh ideas and knowledge of gains made in many fields. A number of younger Filipino faculty also went to Cornell and other US universities for graduate study. The program became so successful that the college began to receive major grants from prominent international organizations such as the Rockefeller Foundation, Council on Economic and Cultural Affairs, Committee for Free Asia and the Colombo Plan.
In 1958, UPCA developed an extension training program for nationals of other Southeast Asian states. The following year the Rockefeller Foundation provided funds to build an International House to serve as living quarters for the growing number of foreign students.
In 1959, renowned plant breeder Dioscoro L. Umali took the helm at UPCA. A year later he agreed to help the Rockefeller and Ford foundations establish the International Rice Research Institute. IRRI has since brought together scientists from all over the world to work on developing heavier, more nutritious and pest-disease-and-weather-resistant strains of rice in order to feed the increasing populations of Asia.
In 1963 Cornell was asked to help develop a graduate school for UPCA. The Rockefeller Foundation agreed to provide housing for the Cornell resident staff and to continue fellowships for UPCA faculty and for Asian students; the Ford Foundation offered to provide funds to upgrade the library, finance the Cornell contract, provide graduate scholarships, and pay for the service of a firm of campus planners.
The number of foreigners studying at UPCA continued to grow steadily, and by the end of 1976 the college had graduated 440 foreign students: 204 from Thailand, 40 from South Vietnam, 37 each from Taiwan and Indonesia, and 25 from Pakistan; the rest came from some 15 to 20 other countries worldwide. Many of these graduates are now leaders in their own countries.
In fact, Thailand benefited so much from UPCA that the Thai Ministry of Agriculture became known as the “Los Baños Ministry”.
Presidential Decree No. 58 was signed on November 20, 1972 transforming UPCA into UPLB. Three colleges and four institutes were added to the university - College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology, College of Human Ecology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Institute of Biological Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Institute of Mathematical Science and Physics and Institute of Computer Science. The Agriculture and Life Sciences Complex was also completed during the 1970s to host the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH) as well as experimental farms and other smaller laboratories and training centers.
UPLB signed partnerships with foreign universities including Cornell, Purdue, University of Wisconsin–Madison and the Australian National University,. The Asian Development Bank-Japan Scholarship Program also chose the University (in tandem with IRRI) as a partner institution.
As the university gained autonomy, programs unrelated to agriculture, forestry and veterinary medicine also gained international recognition, notably development communication, computer science and human ecology.
Please see the talk page before editing; See also: List of University of the Philippines people
National Scientists affiliated with UPLB
Other notable scientists include Eliezer Albacea who developed optimal parallel algorithms for problems on graphs and of new basic techniques for programming shared-memory parallel computers, Mercedes Umali-Garcia who developed the Bio-N fertilizer, Bonifacio F. Comandante Jr. who invented the waterless fish transport technology, molecular geneticist Cymbeline Tancongco Culiat who developed a method for regenerating damaged heart muscles that restores both normal tissue mass and function and Menandro N. Acda who invented a composite building board (featherboard) made of chicken feathers and the lahar barrier (Lahargard) to prevent entry and infestation of termites into homes and wooden structures..
Several UPLB alumni have also been appointed as cabinet secretaries, notably Cielito Habito (Economic Planning), Patricia Santo Tomas (Labor), Domingo Panganiban (Agriculture, Anti-poverty), William D. Dar (Agriculture), William Padolina (Science and Technology) and Ricardo Gloria (Education).
Other notable alumni include San Miguel Corporation chairman Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco, Jr, Agusan del Sur governor Maria Valentina Plaza Cornelio, Center for Agriculture and Rural Development Mutually Reinforcing Institutions (CARD MRI) founder and CEO Jaime Aristotle Alip and president and chief academic officer of Centro Escolar University Cristina Padolina. Presidents of the University of the Philippines from UPLB are Bienvenido Gonzales and Emil Javier, as well as the current president, Emerlinda Roman.
Nora C. Quebral pioneered development communication as an academic discipline and practice, Arsenio M. Balisacan is an expert on agricultural and development economics and director of the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) and Felix Librero is an expert on development communication and former chancellor of UP Open University.
Some notable alumni include art critic and author Paul Blanco Zafaralla, stage and TV director Antonio Mabesa and 1976 Binibining Pilipinas Universe (Miss Philippines Universe) Lizbeth S. De Padua. In the field of television news, alumni include Jiggy Manicad, Cedric Castillo, and Oscar Oida of GMA-7 as well as Sol Aragones and Mario Dumaual of ABS-CBN. Veterinarian Ferdinand Recio co-hosts the GMA-7 public affairs program Born to be Wild.
Links to organizations should be inserted in the UPLB Student Organizations page