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Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
Flag
Headquarters The Hague, Netherlands
Membership 541 population groups
Leaders
 -  General Secretary Marino Busdachin
(since 2003)
Establishment February 11, 1991
Population
 -   estimate c.200 million 
Website
http://www.unpo.org/
1 Last updated in September 2008.
Map showing states containing one or more members of the UNPO

The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), initiated in 1990 in Tartu, Estonia,[1] and formed in February 11, 1991, in the Hague, is a democratic, international organization. It is a roof organisation whose members are political organisations and governments representing indigenous peoples, occupied nations, minorities and independent states or territories which lack representation internationally. The organization educates groups in what channels to use to make their voices heard, and helps defuse tensions so that frustrated groups do not turn to violence to gain attention for their demands. Some former members, like Armenia, East Timor, Estonia, Latvia and Georgia, have gained full independence and joined the United Nations.[2][3]

UNPO aims to protect the members' human and cultural rights, preserve their environments, and to find non-violent solutions to conflicts which affect them. UNPO provides a forum for member aspirations and assists its members to participate at an international level.

UNPO members are generally not represented diplomatically (or only with a minor status, such as observer) in major international institutions, such as the United Nations. As a result, their ability to have their concerns addressed by the global bodies mandated to protect human rights and address conflict is limited.

UNPO is dedicated to the five principles enshrined in its Covenant:

All members are required to sign and abide by the UNPO Covenant. They must affirm that they support the principle of nonviolence in their people’s struggle for a peaceful solution and that they apply the democratic methodology as their guiding principle. Despite the "UN" in its acronym, UNPO is an NGO and not an agency of the United Nations.

Contents

Founding members

The UNPO was founded by the representatives of:[4]

Members

The following are the 54 members listed on the UNPO Nations & People page, the organizations that currently represent them, and the dates on which they joined the UNPO [5] (original members listed with blue background):

Member Date Joined Representing Continent
Abkhazia 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Europe
National Committee to Defend Black Rights 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Aboriginals of Australia Oceania & Australasia
Freedom Front Plus 02008-05-15 15 May 2008 Afrikaner Africa
Democratic Solidarity Party of Ahwaz 02003-11-14 14 November 2003 Ahwazi Asia
Assyrian Universal Alliance 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Assyria Asia
Balochistan National Party 02008-03-01 1 March 2008 Balochistan Asia
Community of Indigenous Peoples of Rwanda 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 Batwa Africa
National Council of the Union of Burma 02008-05-15 15 May 2008 Burma democratic movement Asia
All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture 01996-02-03 3 February 1996 Buryatia Asia
Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda/Forças Armadas de Cabinda 01997-04-17 17 April 1997 Cabinda Africa
Government in Exile of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Chechnya Europe
Chin National Front 02001-07-15 15 July 2001 Chin Asia
(not specified) 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Chittagong Hill Tracts Asia
International Circassian Association 01994-04-16 16 April 1994 Circassia Europe
Cordillera Peoples' Alliance 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Cordillera Asia
Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Crimean Tatars Europe
World Uyghur Congress 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 East Turkestan Asia
Gilgit-Baltistan Democratic Alliance 02008-09-20 20 September 2008 Gilgit Baltistan Asia
Democratic Union of the Greek Ethnic Minority in Albania 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Greek Minority in Albania Europe
Hmong ChaoFa Federated State 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Hmong Asia
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 01994-07-30 30 July 1994 Hungarian Minority in Romania Europe
Inkerin Liitto 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 Inkeri Europe
Inner Mongolian People's Party 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Inner Mongolia Asia
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Iranian Kurdistan Asia
Kurdistan Democratic Party and by the the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Iraqi Kurdistan Asia
Dr. Muzaffer Arslan 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Iraqi Turkmen Asia
Ka Lahui Hawaii 01993-08-03 3 August 1993 Kalahui Hawai'i Oceania & Australasia
Karenni National Progressive Party 01993-01-19 19 January 1993 Karenni State Asia
Khmer Kampuchea-Krom Federation 02001-07-15 15 July 2001 Khmer Krom Asia
Democratic League of Kosova 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Kosovo Europe
Maasai Women for Education and Economic Development, with the backing of the Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organisation and the Kitengela Ilparakuo Land Owners Association 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 Maasai Africa
Mapuche Inter-Regional Council 01993-01-19 19 January 1993 Mapuche South America
Mon Unity League 01996-02-03 3 February 1996 Mon Asia
Montagnard Foundation Inc. 02003-11-14 14 November 2003 Montagnards Asia
National Socialist Council of Nagaland 01993-01-19 19 January 1993 Nagalim Asia
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People 01993-01-19 19 January 1993 Ogoni Africa
Oromo Liberation Front 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 Oromo Africa
Captains Council 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Rehoboth Basters Africa
Muslim National Council of Sanjak 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 Sanjak Bosniaks Europe
Stiftelsen Skånsk Framtid 01993-01-19 19 January 1993 Scania Europe
Shan States Organization 01997-04-17 17 April 1997 Shan Asia
World Sindhi Institute 02002-01-19 19 January 2002 Sindh Asia
Government of Somaliland 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 Somaliland Africa
Government in Exile of the Republic of South Moluccas 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 South Moluccas Asia
Southern Azerbaijan National Awakening Movement 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Southern Azerbaijan Asia
Southern Cameroons National Council 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 Southern Cameroons Africa
Taiwan Foundation for Democracy 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Taiwan Asia
Government of Tibet in Exile 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 Tibet Asia
Tsimshian Nation Gitlaxyuup-m and Smgigyet Society 02007-02-02 2 February 2007 Tsimshian North America
(not specified) 01996-02-03 3 February 1996 Tuva Asia
Udmurt Council (Udmurt Kenesh) 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 Udmurt Europe
Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front 02003-11-14 14 November 2003 Vhavenda Africa
Balochistan People's Party 02005-06-26 26 June 2005 West Balochistan Asia
Zanzibar Democratic Alternative , in cooperation with the Civic United Front 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 Zanzibar Africa

Suspended Members

  • Buffalo River Dene Nation -- 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 to 02009-10-09 9 October 2009; (membership suspended);
  • Flag of Komi.svg Komi -- 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 to 02009-10-09 9 October 2009; (membership suspended);
  • Flag of Mari El.svg Mari -- 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 to 02009-10-09 9 October 2009; (membership suspended);
  • Nahua Del Alto Balsas -- 02004-12-19 19 December 2004 to 02008-09-20 20 September 2008; (membership suspended);
  • Flag of West Papua.svg West Papua -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 02008-09-20 20 September 2008; (membership suspended)

Former members

The following former members of the UNPO have since gained United Nations (UN) recognition:

  • Four former republics of the Soviet Union:
    • Two Baltic republics:
      •  Estonia -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 01991-08-17 17 August 1991; (withdrew); independence restored in 1991
      •  Latvia -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 01991-08-17 17 August 1991; (withdrew); independence restored in 1991
    • Two Transcaucasian republics:
      •  Armenia -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 01992-03-02 2 March 1992; (withdrew); independence restored in 1991
      •  Georgia -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 01992-07-31 31 July 1992; (withdrew); independence restored in 1991
  • Others:
  • Non–UN Members:
    • Other former members of the UNPO.[6]
      • Flag of Aceh.svg Aceh -- 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued); reached autonomy agreement with Indonesia in 2005
      • Flag of Albania.svg Albanians in Macedonia -- 01994-04-16 16 April 1994 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued); reached agreement on wider rights with Macedonia in 2001
      • Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Bashkortostan -- 01996-02-03 3 February 1996 to 01998-06-30 30 June 1998; (withdrew);
      • Bougainville -- 01991-08-06 6 August 1991 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued); reached autonomy agreement with Papua New Guinea in 2000
      • Flag of Chuvashia.svg Chuvash -- 01993-01-17 17 January 1993 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);
      • Flag of Gagauzia.svg Gagauzia -- 01994-04-16 16 April 1994 to 02007-12-01 1 December 2007; (membership discontinued); reached autonomy agreement with Moldova in 1994
      • Flag of Ingushetia.svg Ingushetia -- 01994-07-30 30 July 1994 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);
      • Flag of the Kumukh people.png Kumyk -- 01997-04-17 17 April 1997 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);
      • Punjab flag.svg Khalistan -- 01993-01-24 24 January 1993 to 01993-08-04 4 August 1993; (membership discontinued); , suspension made permanent 22 Jan 1995
      • Pine Ridge Flag.svg Lakotah Nation -- 01994-07-30 30 July 1994 to 02007-12-01 1 December 2007; (membership discontinued); , followed by the declaration of the Republic of Lakotah
      • Flag of French Polynesia.svg Maohi -- 01994-07-30 30 July 1994 to 02007-12-01 1 December 2007; (membership discontinued);
      • Nuxalk -- 01998-09-23 23 September 1998 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);
      • Rusyn -- 01998-09-23 23 September 1998 to 02007-12-01 1 December 2007; (membership discontinued);
      • Sakha -- 01993-08-03 3 August 1993 to 01998-06-30 30 June 1998; (withdrew);
      • Talysh -- 02005-06-26 26 June 2005 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);
      • Tatarstan -- 01991-02-11 11 February 1991 to 02008-03-01 1 March 2008; (membership discontinued);

General Secretaries

See also

References

External links

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