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Map of Lower and Upper Egypt

Upper Egypt (Arabic: صعيد مصرSa'id Misr) is a strip of land, on both sides of the Nile valley, that extends from the cataract boundaries of modern-day Aswan north to the area between El-Ayait and Zawyet Dahshur (which is south of modern-day Cairo). The northern section of Upper Egypt, between El-Ayait and Sohag is sometimes known as Middle Egypt. The designation Upper Egypt is most frequently used as a division for Ancient Egypt. Modern inhabitants of Upper Egypt are known as Sa'idis; they generally speak Sa'idi Arabic. Upper Egypt was known as Ta Shemau [1] which means "the land of reeds."[2] It was divided into twenty-two districts called nomes.[3] The first nome was roughly where modern Aswan is and the twenty-second was at modern Atfih (Aphroditopolis), just to the south of Cairo.

History

The main city of predynastic Upper Egypt was Nekhen (Greek Hierakonpolis),[4] whose patron deity was the vulture goddess Nekhbet.[5] For most of pharaonic Egypt's history Thebes was the administrative center of Upper Egypt. After its devastation by the Assyrians its importance declined. Under the Ptolemies the city of Ptolemais[6] took over the role of capital of Upper Egypt.[7] Upper Egypt was represented by the tall White Crown Hedjet, and its symbol was the flowering lotus.

In the 11th Century large numbers of pastoralists, known as Hilalians, fled Upper Egypt and moved westward into Libya and as far as Tunis.[8] It is believed that degraded grazing conditions in Upper Egypt associated with the beginning of the Medieval Warm Period, were the root cause of the migration.[9]

In 20th Century Egypt, the title Prince of the Sa'id (meaning Prince of Upper Egypt) was used by the heir apparent to the Egyptian throne. Although the Egyptian monarchy was abolished in 1953, the title continues to be used by Muhammad Ali, Prince of Said and Hereditary Chief, Sheikh Beja Khawr al`allaqi, Prince of Sa'id.

References

  1. ^ Ermann & Grapow, op.cit. Wb 5, 227.4-14
  2. ^ Ermann & Grapow, op.cit. Wb 4, 477.9-11
  3. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana Grolier Incorporated, 1988, p.34
  4. ^ Bard, op. cit., p.371
  5. ^ David, op.cit., p.149
  6. ^ Ptolemais on the Nile is not to be confused with Ptolemais in Phoenicia or Ptolemais Theron in the Sudan.
  7. ^ Chauveau, op.cit., p.68
  8. ^ Ballais, Jean-Louis (2000) "Chapter 7: Conquests and land degradation in the eastern Maghreb" p. 133 In Barker, Graeme and Gilbertson, David (2000) The Archaeology of Drylands: Living at the Margin Routledge, London, Volume 1, Part III - Sahara and Sahel, pp. 125-136, ISBN 978-0-415-23001-8
  9. ^ Ballais, Jean-Louis (2000) "Chapter 7: Conquests and land degradation in the eastern Maghreb" p. 134 In Barker, Graeme and Gilbertson, David (2000) The Archaeology of Drylands: Living at the Margin Routledge, London, Volume 1, Part III - Sahara and Sahel, pp. 125-136, ISBN 978-0-415-23001-8

Bibliography

  • Bard, Katheryn A. and Shubert, Steven Blake (1999) Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt Routledge, London, ISBN 0-415-18589-0
  • Chauveau, Michel (2000) Egypt in the Age of Cleopatra: History and Society Under the Ptolemies Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, ISBN 0-8014-3597-8
  • David, Ann Rosalie (1975) The Egyptian Kingdoms Elsevier Phaidon, London, OCLC 2122106
  • Edel, Elmar (1961) Zu den Inschriften auf den Jahreszeitenreliefs der "Weltkammer" aus dem Sonnenheiligtum des Niuserre Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen, OCLC 309958651, in German
  • Ermann, Johann Peter Adolf and Grapow, Hermann (1982) Wörterbuch der Ägyptischen Sprache Akademie, Berlin, ISBN 3-05-002263-9, in German


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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : North Africa : Egypt : Upper Egypt
Contents

Upper Egypt is a region of the Nile Valley in Egypt, between Luxor and Aswan and the historical region of Lower Nubia, characterised by a number of ancient settlements and temple towns that draw thousands of travellers every year.

Get in

The towns of Upper Egypt can be accessed either by train or taxi from Luxor (to the north) or Aswan (to the south) - a trip from one of these cities to the other, popular with many travellers to Egypt, is greatly enhanced by stopping at one or more of the temple towns. Exact details differ for each town - it is worthwhile consulting the article on each for full details.

Negotiate with your taxi driver to stop in each of the towns along the way - this is a very common practice and can be easily arranged with some canny bargaining - but do note that although this part of the Nile Valley has never really been threatened by violence (unlike Middle Egypt) - the Egyptian tourist police may nonetheless insist that you travel within a police convoy.

Alternatively, a felucca cruise on the Nile between Luxor and Aswan will normally include stops at one or more of these Upper Egyptian towns.

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Pathros article)

From BibleWiki


the name generally given to Upper Egypt (the Thebaid of the Greeks), as distinguished from Matsor, or Lower Egypt (Isa 11:11; Jer 44:1, 15; Ezek 30:14), the two forming Mizraim. After the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, colonies of Jews settled "in the country of Pathros" and other parts of Egypt.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)


Simple English

File:Ancient Egypt
Map of Lower and Upper Egypt

Upper Egypt is a narrow strip of land on both sides of the Nile that extends from modern-day Aswan to the area south of modern-day Cairo. The northern part of Upper Egypt, between El-Aiyat and Asyut is sometimes called Middle Egypt.

Upper Egypt was known as Ta Shemau [1] which means "the land of reeds."[2] It was divided into twenty-two districts called nomes.[3] The first nome was roughly where modern Aswan is and the twenty-second was at modern Atfih (Aphroditopolis), just to the south of Cairo.

For most of pharaonic Egypt's history Thebes was the administrative centre of Upper Egypt. [4]

Upper Egypt was represented by the tall White Crown Hedjet, and its symbol was the flowering lotus.

References

  • Ermann, Johann Peter Adolf; Hermann Grapow, eds., Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache
  • The Encyclopedia Americana Grolier Incorporated, 1988
  • Katheryn A. Bard, Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, Routledge 1999
  • Michel Chauveau, Egypt in the Age of Cleopatra: History and Society Under the Ptolemies, Cornell University Press 2000
  • Ann Rosalie David, The Egyptian Kingdoms, Elsevier Phaidon 1975

Footnotes

  1. Ermann & Grapow, op.cit. Wb 5, 227.4-14
  2. Ermann & Grapow, op.cit. Wb 4, 477.9-11
  3. The Encyclopedia Americana, p.34
  4. Under the Ptolemies the city of Ptolemais took over the role of capital of Upper Egypt. See: Chauveau, op.cit., p.68

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