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Uppsala
Aerial photo of Uppsala
Uppsala is located in Sweden
Uppsala
Coordinates: 59°51′N 17°38′E / 59.85°N 17.633°E / 59.85; 17.633Coordinates: 59°51′N 17°38′E / 59.85°N 17.633°E / 59.85; 17.633
Country Sweden
Province Uppland
County Uppsala County
Municipality Uppsala Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 47.86 km2 (18.5 sq mi)
Population (2008-12-31)[2]
 - Total 144,839
 - Density 2,683/km2 (6,948.9/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Uppsala (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɵpsɑːla]; older spelling Upsala) is the capital of Uppsala County (Uppsala län) and the fourth largest city of Sweden with 144,839 inhabitants.[2]

Located about 70 km north of the capital Stockholm, it is also the seat of the Uppsala municipality (Uppsala kommun). Since 1164, Uppsala has been the ecclesiastical center of Sweden, being the seat of the Archbishop of the Church of Sweden. Founded in 1477, Uppsala University is the oldest center of higher education in Scandinavia.

Contents

History

Uppsala was originally located a few kilometers to the north, at a location now known as Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala). Today's Uppsala was then called Östra Aros. (Old) Uppsala was, according to medieval writer Adam of Bremen, the main pagan centre of Sweden, and the Temple at Uppsala contained magnificent idols of the Æsir gods.

As a replacement for the Scandinavian gods, Uppsala was made into a strong Christian centre. A bishop was soon consecrated, and in 1164 Uppsala was made into an archdiocese, with Stefan, a monk from Alvastra Abbey, being consecrated the first Archbishop of Uppsala and primate of Sweden.

Uppsala Cathederal medallion

The present-day Uppsala was at that time known as Östra Aros and was a port town of Gamla Uppsala. In 1274, Östra Aros overtook Gamla Uppsala as the main regional center, and when the cathedral of Gamla Uppsala burnt down, the archbishopric was moved to Östra Aros, where the impressive Uppsala Cathedral was erected; it was inaugurated in 1435.

Uppsala is the site of the oldest university in Scandinavia, founded in 1477. Carolus Linnaeus, one of the renowned scholars of Uppsala University, lived in the city for many years, and both his house and garden can still be visited. Uppsala Cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118.70 metres. Uppsala is also the site of the 16th century Uppsala Castle.

Woodcut showing the 16th century astronomical clock of Uppsala cathedral, with two clockfaces, one with Arabic numerals and one with Roman ones.

The city was severely damaged by a fire in 1702. Historical and cultural treasures were also lost, as in many Swedish cities, from demolitions during the 1960s and 1970s, but many historic buildings remain, especially in the western part of the city.

The arms with the lion can be traced from 1737. It has been modernized several times since, most recently in 1986. The meaning of the lion is not certain but is likely connected to the royal lion, also depicted on the Coat of Arms of Sweden.

Geography

Valvgatan in Uppsala passing through Skytteanum

Situated on the fertile Uppsala flatlands of muddy soil, the city features the small Fyris River (Fyrisån) flowing through the landscape surrounded by lush vegetation. Parallel to the river runs the glacial ridge of Uppsalaåsen, at an elevation of circa 30 metres the site of Uppsala's castle from which large parts of the town can be seen. The central park Stadsskogen stretches from the south far into town, with opportunities for recreation for many residential areas within walking distance.

Only some 70 kilometers or 40 minutes by train from the capital, many Uppsala residents work in Stockholm. The train to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport takes only 17 minutes, rendering the city easily accessible by air.

The commercial centre of Uppsala is quite compact. Historically, clergy, royalty and academia have resided on the river's western shore, somewhat separated from the rest of the city, and the ensemble of cathedral, castle and university buildings has remained mostly undisturbed until today. While some beautiful buildings remain on the periphery of the central core, retail commercial activity is geographically focused on a small number of blocks around the pedestrianized streets and main square, an area that was subject to a large-scale metamorphosis during the economically booming years in the 1960s in particular. During recent decades, a significant part of the retail commercial activity has shifted to shopping malls and stores situated in the outskirts of the city. Meanwhile, the built-up areas have expanded greatly, and some suburbanization has taken place.

Economy

As in many university towns, the bicycle is a common means of transport. Uppsala Central Station in the background to the left.

Today Uppsala is well established in medical research and recognized for its leading position in biotechnology.

Higher education

  • Uppsala University. Founded in 1477, under bishop Jakob Ulvsson. Closed in 1515. Officially reopened in 1595, following the Uppsala Synod in 1593. The university has a famous anatomical theatre, constructed by the scientist and polymath Olof Rudbeck (1630–1702), in the old university building Gustavianum. The building is now a museum. The university has 13 student nations each traditionally representing a geographical region of Sweden.
  • Newmaninstitutet. A Catholic institution founded in 2001.
  • Pingströrelsens teologiska seminarium. A Pentecostal theological seminary.

Uppsala University is by far the largest of the six institutions. Livets Ord University, Newmaninstitutet and Pingströrelsens teologiska seminarium do not have accreditation from the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education and thus cannot confer Swedish academic degrees. Livets Ord University is however through its affiliation with Oral Roberts University accredited by The Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools to confer Bachelor's and Master's degrees recognized internationally [3][4]

Sites of interest

By the Fyris river in central Uppsala

The Fyris river (fyrisån) neatly divides the city into two different parts: the historic quarter to the west of the river and the administrative, residential and commercial area to the east. Most of the features of interest are in the western part, dominated by the cathedral, and with its old streets, river views and parks.

The most outstanding building in Uppsala is the Domkyrka (Uppsala Cathedral), Scandinavia's largest church (118.70m high), which is visible from most parts of town and from the motorway.

Facing the west end of the cathedral is the Gustavianum, built in 1625 to be the main building of the University, and served as such through most of the 19th century. It contains the Museum of Nordic Antiquities, the Victoria Museum (of Egyptian antiquities) and the University's cultural history collections. It also houses a perfectly preserved 17th-century Anatomical Theatre (used in its time for public dissections).

Across the street from the Gustavianum stands the new main building of the Uppsala University, erected in 1879–86 in Italian Renaissance style. The Uppsala University Coin Cabinet is located in the university main building.

Not very far from the University stands the Uppsala University Library (Carolina Rediviva), also the largest library in Sweden, with over 5 million volumes and some 60,000 manuscripts. The building was built in 1820–1841.

On a circa 35-metre high hill to the southwest of the University Library stands Uppsala Castle. Its construction was initiated in 1549 by King Gustav Vasa, founder of the Wasa royal dynasty and the first Swedish monarch to inherit the crown. Today the castle holds several museums, and is the residence of the Governor (landshövding).

5 km north of Uppsala city lies Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), the location of the pre Christian town Uppsala. There are few remains, with the exception of several huge burial mounds of pre-Christian monarchs and the previous cathedral from 1164 A.D., traditionally said to be built over the old heathen temple (and recent archaeological investigations seems to support this notion). After the church burned down around 1240 only parts of it were restored.[5][6]

Sports

One of the most classical sports events, the Swedish bandy final (bandyfinalen), has taken place at Studenternas IP since 1991. It used to attract a spectator crowd of more than 20 000.[7]

Notable natives

Uppsala Cathedral, seen from "Gamla Torget" (Swedish: 'The Old Square') across the Fyris river.

Of these, Arrhenius, Bergman, Blix, Carlsson, Celsius, Dymott, both Erikssons, Hallman, Klum, Stolt, Thörnqvist and Törnqvist were born in Uppsala.

Twin cities

Uppsala has been twinned with cities in the other four Nordic countries since 1947. The city was officially twinned with Tartu, Estonia in 1988, with Daejeon, South Korea in 1999 and with Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA in 2000.

[9][10]

See also

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Uppsala is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Uppsala cathedral
Uppsala cathedral

Uppsala [1] is a university city in Uppland province in Svealand, south central Sweden. With a population of 185,000, it is the fourth largest city in Sweden. The two universities dominate the city, so there are lots of young lively people everywhere. It holds Scandinavia's largest cathedral, originally constructed in the 1200s, which is open for visitors.

Get In

By train

If you're already in Sweden, the most likely way for you to get to Uppsala is by train. Uppsala's Central Station is located right in downtown, and is currently undergoing a large expansion. The train from Stockholm takes 40 minutes (SEK 61 if bought in the train station, SEK 33-SEK 62 if bought on the internet [2], with some discounts for youth and students) and from Arlanda airport 18 minutes (SEK 130). There are services from most nearby towns, but for farther distances you'll most likely be transferring in Stockholm, especially if you're coming from the south.

By bus

If you're really on a budget, Uppsala is accessible by bus. You can also take Bus 801 from Arlanda Airport (SEK 100) which will take you to Uppsala Central Station in about 40 minutes. From Stockholm, Swebus runs coaches from Stockholm Central Station. Buses also connect Uppsala with Västerås Airport (SEK 200 return ticket).

Uppsala town center
Uppsala town center

By bike

The best way to travel in Uppsala is by bike. As any visitor will notice, there are a lot of cyclists here, enough so for the city to earn the nickname "Bike Town." There are paths paralleling nearly every road, and many places to store them outside. Several rental places exist in town. As a side note, locals have a saying that everyone who lives there has had a bike stolen at some point in their lives. While this is not entirely true (it's more a reflection on the popularity of biking than any level of crime), it's probably a good idea to lock your bike.

By bus

For the day-tripper, sightseer or just plain visitor, another way to travel is by bus. Uppsala boasts an excellent bus system, and you're never more than a few hundred meters from the closest bus stop. A ticket on a green "Stadstrafiken" (city traffic) bus costs SEK 30, but paying via SMS cuts the price down to SEK 20. Consider buying a värdekort if you're staying a few days; they're prepaid, refillable bus cards in any amount, and by using it the price lowers to SEK 15 per trip. Timetables, maps and other information can be found here

By taxi

If you would like to travel by taxi, use the four major taxi companies: Uppsala Taxi, Taxi Kurir, Taxi Direkt and Taxi 020. There are also a lot of smaller companies, but they might have their own view on what you should pay and might also have less geographical knowledge. Be sure to negotiate the fare in advance of getting in the taxi if no guaranteed fare is posted.

The botanical garden
The botanical garden
  • Uppsala University [3] was established in 1477, making it the oldest university in Scandinavia. The University Museum [4] (Akademigatan 3, Tel. +46 18 471 75 71) in the Gustavianum house opposite the university main building is also worth a visit.
  • Uppsala Cathedral (Domkyrkan), Domkyrkoplan 2 (From the center of town or the train station, look up, and walk towards the huge spires on the other side of the river.), +46 18 187173, [5]. The Cathedral is open 8AM-6PM; the museum is open 10AM-5PM Apr-Aug, Noon-3PM Sept.-Mar. The Uppsala Cathedral ("Domkyrkan" in Swedish) is one of the focal points of Uppsala and it dominates the city skyline. It is simultaneously the largest church in Scandinavia, the burial site of many a Swedish royal, and the seat of the Church of Sweden. It shouldn't be missed, but given its towering size, how could you? Free for Cathedral entance, 30 SEK for museum.  edit
  • Uppsala castle, Tel. +46 18 54 48 11, [6]. Has big halls and paintings, as well as older remnants of the 16th century castle built by the Vasa dynasty.
  • Carl Linnaeus Garden, Svartbäcksgatan 27, Tel. +46 18 471 25 76, [7]. With the Orangery.
  • Botanical Gardens, Villavägen 8, Tel. +46 18 471 28 38, [8]. The bigger garden at the university.
  • The Uppland Museum, S:t Eriks gränd 6, Tel. +46 18 16 91 00, [9]. Located in a former water mill building.
  • Bror Hjorth's House, Norbyvägen 26, Tel. +46 18 56 70 30, [10]. Especially interesting for those who like naivist paintings.
  • Carolina Rediviva, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 1, +46 18 4713900 (). M-F, 8:30AM-9PM, Sa 9AM-6PM. The Uppsala University library and an enormous one at that, with over 5 million volumes. One of these is the famed Silver Bible, dating to the 6th century. Adults, 20 SEK, Children under 12, Free.  edit
  • Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), Tel. +46 18 16 91 00, [11] is the home of several pre-Viking, pre-historic burial mounds. There is also an old church and the open-air museum Disagården with old Swedish houses [12]. You get there via Bus 2 from central Uppsala.
Linnéträdgården (The Linnean garden)
Linnéträdgården (The Linnean garden)
  • Go swimming at Fyrishov, Idrottsgatan 2, Tel. +46 18 727 49 50, [13].
  • Uppsala Reggae Festival [14] is held for three days every summer. They have lots of international artists.
  • Kulturnatten (Culture Night) [15]. One evening every year, most people working in culture in Uppsala show their talents downtown to masses of people walking around.
  • Watch the Mösspåtagningen ceremony [16]. On the last of April every year, lots of students gather below Carolina Rediviva and put on their white student caps at a signal, and the masses rejoice.
  • Svartbäcksgatan is the main shopping street in town, two blocks from Centralstationen. On it lies the Stora Torget, the main square in Uppsala. It is closed to cars.
  • Akademibokhandeln, Forumgallerian, Dragarbrunnsgatan 43-45, top floor. A big, well-stocked book store. A good Sci-Fi & Fantasy English language section.
  • Studentbokhandeln, Sysslomansgatan 7. A book store owned by the Student Union and Uppsala University.
  • The Uppsala English Bookshop, S:t Olofsgatan 32, [17]. All kinds of books in English.
  • Uppsala Skivbörs, Svartbäcksgatan 16. A cozy record store with both new and used records in various genres.
  • Saluhallen, S:t Eriks Torg 8. A fashionable market hall with various types of expensive, highly qualitative food and drinks in various shops. There are also some restaurants there.
  • Gränby Centrum, Marknadsgatan, [18]. The biggest mall in Uppsala. It has 41 shops and is located 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) east of the city. Use bus 3 to "Gränby C".
  • Galleria Dragarbrunn, Dragarbrunnsgatan 24, [19]. A brand-new small mall located in the city. It is a fashionable mall with mostly expensive brands.
  • Pressbyrån, S:t Persgatan 10. A well-stocked magazine store with lots of international and Swedish magazines.
  • Svavagallerian (Dragarbrunnsgatan 50), Forumgallerian (Dragarbrunnsgatan 43-45) and S:t Per-gallerian (Svartbäcksgatan 7-11) are three centrally-located shopping malls. They can't compare to the malls in nearby Stockholm though.
  • Hambergs, Fyristorg 8, Tel. +46 18 71 21 50, (email: info@hambergfisk.se), [20]. Great seafood in this relaxed atmosphere. Except for desserts they serve nothing but seafood. Mains SEK 170-350.
  • Domtrappkällaren, S:t Eriks gränd 15, [21]. Fancy restaurant with a long history. Mains SEK 105-255.
  • Restaurang Lingon, Svartbäcksgatan 30, Tel. +46 18 10 12 24, [22]. Serves swedish dishes with a luxurious touch. During the summer, the restaurant has a riverside area.
  • Trattoria Comedia, Skolgatan 31. A cozy Italian restaurant. SEK 110-200.
  • Yukikos Sushi, Norbyvägen 65, [23]. Probably the best sushi restaurant in Uppsala. Also take away. SEK 75-105.
  • Uppenbar, Västra Ågatan 12. Pizza, pasta and meat dishes and a nice view over the Fyris river.
  • Tzatziki, Fyristorg 4, Tel.: +46 18 15 03 33, [24]. Very popular Greek restaurant in a beautiful environment just by the Fyris River and below the Cathedral. Main course 100-150 SEK.
  • Pizzaköket, Kungsgatan 47. High quality pizzas.
  • Luthagens Kök & Bar, Börjegatan 11. Serves hamburgers and pizzas and does it well.
  • Ultuna Thai, Ulls väg 25, Ultuna, Tel.: +46 18 67 33 67, [25]. Genuine, inexpensive thai food of good quality on the campus of the Swedish Agricultural University.
  • The university has a mandatory student club system called Student Nations [26]. There are thirteen nations, each with a headquarters where one can dance, drink, and meet people. A 'nation card' is required for entry to the Nations. Visitors' cards can be purchased in advance at the Students' Union (Studentkår) for those who have a valid student ID.

Being a college town there are many bars and clubs beyond the Nations.

  • Café Ofvandahls, Sysslomansgatan 5. A traditional old cafe with old roots and atmosphere. They sometimes have poetry slam contests and other poetry readings, but they are mostly in Swedish.
  • Café Fågelsången, Munkgatan 3. A cafe with the possibility to sit outdoors in the summer. They serve sandwiches as well as traditional Swedish cookies and cakes.
  • Katalin, near the train station, Tel. +46 18 14 06 80, [27]. A nice place with an active calendar of international and national touring acts.
  • Hugos kaffe & deli, Svartbäcksgatan 21, [28]. A youthful and bohemian little cafe with quirky furniture.
  • Barista Fair Trade Coffee, Svartbäcksgatan 14, [29]. Scandinavian's first ethical coffeeshop. Everything is fair-trade marked and the coffeemakers are all well educated and make excellent coffee. They also serve lunch.
  • Café Linné Konstantina and Café Linné Hörnan (Svartbäcksgatan 22 and 24) are two cozy cafes, often used as a meeting place for various clubs or political groups.
  • O´Connor´s, Stora Torget 1, Tel: +46 18 14 40 10. Opened in 1993, this "Irish" bar and restaurant is Syrian owned and run. This place has a great selection of Irish, Belgian and Swedish beers. Beers are SEK 45-65, entrance is SEK 20 Monday through Thursday and SEK 60 after ten o'clock Fridays and Saturdays when live music is performed. Coats must be handed in at the cloakroom on busy nights (for example, on Saturday nights and when there is music).
  • Buddy's, Dragarbrunnsgatan 53, Tel: +46 18 10 70 70 (E-mail: info@buddysirishpub.com), [30]. An authentic Irish pub opened in 2007. The owner, Buddy Mooney, is always happy to have a chat with his guests in the cozy atmosphere. Quiet live music at times. Good food and a nice selection of Irish, English, Belgian and Swedish beers. Multi-cultural friendly staff from United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden.

The city's live music scene is mostly centered around Student Nations like Kalmar Nation [31] or Västmanlands-Dala Nation [32].

The local newspaper Upsala Nya Tidning has a calendar database [33] on various cultural and entertainment events. You can also pick up the free Nollarton magazine and the equally as free Upsala Nya Tidning Fredag downtown for the same type of information. They are only available in Swedish though.

  • Hotell Muttern, S:t Johannesgatan 31C, Tel. +46 18 51 04 14, [34]. Singles from 570 SEK, doubles from 670 SEK.
  • Grand Hotel Hörnan, Bangårdsgatan 1, Tel.: +46 18 13 93 80, (email: info@grandhotellhornan.com), [35]. Older hotel located at the Fyris river close to the train station. Occasionally have good deals on rooms. SEK 650-1250. The hotel has an excellent and cozy bar with the full product range of the local brewery, Slottskällan.
  • First Hotel Linné, Skolgatan 45, Tel. +46 18 10 20 00, [36]. Very centrally located. WiFi. Excellent breakfasts.
  • Best Western Hotel Svava, Bangårdsgatan 24, Tel. +46 18 13 00 30, [37]. Very close to the train station. Great breakfast buffet. Singles from 675 SEK, doubles from 800 SEK.
  • Radisson SAS Hotell Gillet, Dragarbrunnsgatan 23, Tel. +46 18 68 18 10 (E-mail: sales.uppsala@radissonsas.com), [38].
  • Hotel Uppsala, Kungsgatan 27, Tel. +46 18 480 50 00, [39]. Uppsala's biggest hotel with a nice location in the city centre. Affordable and good value rooms.
  • Scandic Hotel Uplandia, Dragarbrunnsgatan 32, +46 18 495 26 00, [40]. Located downtown near the train station. 920-1935 SEK, 1880 SEK suite.  edit

Splurge

There are no luxury hotels in Uppsala.

  • Uppsala City Hostel, S:t Persgatan 16, Tel. +46 18 10 00 08, [41]. They have some of the cheapest accommodations in town and free wifi.
  • STF Vandrarhem Sunnersta Herrgård, Sunnerstavägen 24, Tel. +46 18 32 42 20 (E-mail: info@sunnerstaherrgard.se), [42]. Hostel situated in an old manor, six kilometers (3.6 miles) south of the town center. Good communications (bus/taxi, bicycle) to the town center.
  • The City Library [43] offers several computers for free (using a queue system).
  • Sidewalk Express [44] also has three Internet cafes where you can get online for about 2 Euro/h: one at the central station, one at the fast food restaurant "Jalla!", situated on the main square and one in Burger King in Dragarbrunnsgatan.
  • Port22 [45] (S:t Olofsgatan 32) is an internet cafe and coffee shop.
  • Carl Linnaeus' Hammarby [46] (Tel. +46 18 32 60 94), a mansion 15 kilometers (9 miles) from Uppsala.
  • Älvkarleby Small city with beaches, the Dalälven river with salmon fishing, and golf courses.
Routes through Uppsala
StockholmMärsta  W noframe E  GävleSundsvall
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Uppsala

Plural
-

Uppsala

Uppsala
  1. A city in eastern central Sweden. The fourth-largest city in Sweden.

Translations


Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈɵpˌsɑːla/

Proper noun

Uppsala

  1. Uppsala

Simple English

Uppsala is a city in Sweden. It has about 140.000 inhabitants and is the 4th biggest city in Sweden.frr:Uppsala


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