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Upson County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Upson County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Seat Thomaston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

328 sq mi (849 km²)
325 sq mi (843 km²)
2 sq mi (6 km²),
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

27,597
Founded December 15,, 1824
Named for Stephen Upson
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Upsom County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Upsom County Courthouse (Built 1908), Thomaston, Georgia

Upson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 15, 1824. As of 2000, the population was 27,597. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 27,562.[1] The county seat is Thomaston.[2]

It is included in the Thomaston, Georgia, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Upson County, in west central Georgia, was established by an act of the state legislature on December 15, 1824. The Treaty of Indian Springs (1821) between the United States Upson County at a Glance and the Creek Indians gave the government the land that extended from the Ocmulgee River to the Flint River through middle Georgia. Upson County was created from Pike and Crawford counties. Many settlers were drawn to the area by the lottery system used to settle the acquired lands. The state's fifty-ninth county was named in honor of the noted Georgia lawyer Stephen Upson (1784/5-1824) just four months after his death. It is also the birthplace of the Gordon brothers John Brown Gordon, a major general in the Confederate army and a governor of Georgia and Eugene C. Gordon a Confederate major in the Alabama Cavalry who developed Decatur, Alabama.

In March 1825 the justices of the inferior court bought land lot 217 in the Tenth District to build the courthouse and the jail. Around this lot grew Thomaston, the county seat. Incorporated June 11, 1825, the town was named for General Jett Thomas, a hero of the War of 1812 (1812-15).

The majority of the settlers to Upson County came from the eastern counties of Georgia, between the Oconee River and Augusta. Some were wealthy plantation owners who also owned many slaves. Farming the rich soil of the eastern section of Upson County, around the town of The Rock, Georgia and along the Flint River, they primarily grew cotton. Other settlers came from North Carolina and South Carolina. The first cotton mill in Upson County, the Waymanville or Franklin Factory, was built on Tobler Creek in 1833, and in 1835 a group of New Englanders arrived to manufacture textiles.

The Old Alabama Stagecoach Road, a well-traveled stagecoach and wagon-freight line between Augusta and Columbus, ran from the northeastern section of Upson County, crossing the Flint River at Double Bridges over Auchumpkee Covered Bridge in the southwest. Double Bridges being the site where two bridges spanned either side of Owen's Island in the middle of the Flint River; a brief Civil War (1861-65) cavalry skirmish took place there. On April 18, 1865, Union raiders began three days of devastation in Upson County. Major General James Harrison Wilson's cavalry was headed toward Macon; its task was to destroy the agricultural and industrial facilities in the South. Fifty men of the First Battalion Georgia Cavalry Reserves stood to defend the bridges. The defenders fired a few scattered shots at the larger Union forces before fleeing. Homes were pillaged and burned, and several factories were destroyed, including the Waymanville cotton mill.

After the war mills continued to be an important part of the county's economy. Thomaston Mills was a major employer in the county from its beginning in 1899 until 2001, before the company moved to Mexico. Martha Mills, a manufacturer of tire cord fabric, began operation in 1927 and ceased operations in 2006 (Martha Mills was bought by B. F. Goodrich in 1929, and later WesTek in 2008). In the 1920s the peach industry thrived in Upson County, but peaches all but vanished in the county with the onset of the Great Depression in the 1930s, as orchard laborers found work in the mills. Peach orchards were cut down to make room for timber stands.

In 1930 a history of the county, History of Upson County, Georgia, was sponsored by the Daughters of the American Revolution and coauthored by Evelyn Hanna, a well-known author of romantic fiction.

Upson County is home to Southern Crescent Technical College-Flint River Campus, and several sites draw tourism to the area. Sprewell Bluff is a 200-acre (0.81 km2) area of climbing river bluffs formed by the Flint River as it cuts through Oak Mountain. A three-mile (5 km) trail winds along the bank. The Sprewell Bluff State Park offers 1,372 acres (5.55 km2) for fishing, hiking, picnicking, horseshoes, and volleyball. Auchumpkee Covered Bridge, located in the southeastern part of the county, is an exact replica of the 1892 bridge that was destroyed in the floods that swept through the state in 1994. Federal disaster-relief money paid for covered-bridge craftsman Arnold M. Graton to reconstruct the bridge.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 328 square miles (849 km²), of which, 325 square miles (843 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) of it (0.66%) is water. Upson county boasts the lowest average summer humidity in the state

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 27,597 people, 10,722 households, and 7,687 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 11,616 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.58% White, 27.95% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,722 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 16.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,201, and the median income for a family was $37,418. Males had a median income of $30,484 versus $20,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,053. About 11.20% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

References

Coordinates: 32°53′N 84°18′W / 32.88°N 84.30°W / 32.88; -84.30


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Upson County, Georgia
Map
File:Map of Georgia highlighting Upson County.png
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded December 15,, 1824
Seat Thomaston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²),
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

27597
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/[[Daylight saving time|]]
Named for: Stephen Upson

Upson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 15, 1824. As of 2000, the population was 27,597. The 2005 Census Estimate shows a population of 27,679 [1]. It is included in the Thomaston, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county seat is Thomaston6.

Contents

History

The county was created on December 15, 1824, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and was named after Stephen Upson, a Georgia judge.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 849 km² (328 sq mi). 843 km² (325 sq mi) of it is land and 6 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.66%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 27,597 people, 10,722 households, and 7,687 families residing in the county. The population density was 33/km² (85/sq mi). There were 11,616 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (36/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 70.58% White, 27.95% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,722 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 16.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,201, and the median income for a family was $37,418. Males had a median income of $30,484 versus $20,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,053. About 11.20% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

References

Coordinates: 32°53′N 84°18′W / 32.88, -84.30

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Upson County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Upson County, GeorgiaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Georgia (U.S. state)  +
Short name Upson County  +

This article uses material from the "Upson County, Georgia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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